245 relations: ABC-CLIO, Academician, Academy of Arts, Berlin, Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Aeroflot, Agitprop, Airbus A319, Alexander Borodin, Alexander Spendiaryan, Alexey Rybnikov, Allen & Unwin, American Musicological Society, Anatol Vieru, Andrei Eshpai, Andrei Zhdanov, Anthem of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Arabkir District, Argumenty i Fakty, Armenian dram, Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Armenians, Armenians in Tbilisi, Armenpress, Arno Babajanian, Ashik, Astana, Atheism, Aza, Azerbaijan, Azadkənd, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Aziz El-Shawan, Şahan Arzruni, Ballet (music), BBC, BBC Russian Service, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Boosey & Hawkes, California State University, Fresno, Caligula (film), Caucasus, Cello Concerto (Khachaturian), Central Bank of Armenia, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Coen brothers, College of William & Mary, Collins English Dictionary, Communism, ..., Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Conservatorio Nacional de Música (Mexico), Cornell University Press, Current Biography, Da Capo Press, David Marshall Lang, David Oistrakh, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Doctor of Arts, Don Michael Randel, Dorling Kindersley, Eastern Bloc, Edgar Hovhannisyan, Edvard Mirzoyan, Edward Greenfield, Encyclopædia Britannica, Eric Bogosian, Europe-Asia Studies, Foreign Languages Publishing House (Soviet Union), Formalism (music), G. Schirmer, Inc., Gale (publisher), Gardabani Municipality, Gayane (ballet), Georgia (country), Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Georgians, Georgs Pelēcis, Getty Images, Gnessin State Musical College, Gomidas Institute, Google Maps, Greenwood Publishing Group, H. W. Wilson Company, Hal Leonard Corporation, Hamazkayin, Hamo Sahyan, Harold C. Schonberg, Harvard University Press, Hürriyet Daily News, Hero of Socialist Labour, Hollywood Film Festival, Hopak, House-Museum of Aram Khachaturian, Ice Age: The Meltdown, IMDb, Incidental music, Journal of the American Musicological Society, Karen Demirchyan, Karen Khachaturian, Khojavend (town), King Lear, Kojori, Komitas, Komitas Pantheon, Konstantin Orbelyan, Krugosvet, Kurds, LA Weekly, Larry Adler, Lenin Prize, Lezginka, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Los Angeles Times, Lraber Hasarakakan Gitutyunneri, Lyudmila Putina, M. E. Sharpe, Macbeth, Mariinsky Ballet, Mariinsky Theatre, Marin Alsop, Marina Frolova-Walker, Mark Minkov, Masquerade (Khachaturian), Masquerade (play), Mazurka, McFarland & Company, Memory of the World Programme, Merriam-Webster, Mikael Tariverdiev, Mikhail Gnessin, Mikhail Lermontov, Moscow, Moscow Art Theatre, Moscow Conservatory, Moscow Kremlin, Moscow State University, Mount Ararat, Music of Armenia, Music of the Soviet Union, Music school, Musical nationalism, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, National Symphony Orchestra, Naxos Records, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nina Makarova, Norman Gilliland, Novaya Gazeta, NPR, October Revolution, Orchestra, Order of Lenin, Order of the October Revolution, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Ordubad, Ostinato, OVGuide, Oxford University Press, PanARMENIAN.Net, Patma-Banasirakan Handes, People's Artist of the USSR, Peoples of the Caucasus, Pepo (film), Perm, Piano Concerto (Khachaturian), Poles, Polish People's Republic, Pravda.ru, Public Radio of Armenia, Public Television company of Armenia, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Prague, Realism (arts), Reinhold Glière, RIA Novosti, Robert Kocharyan, Roger Kanet, Romanos Melikian, Ronald Crichton, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Rouben Paul Adalian, Rough Guides, Routledge, Rowman & Littlefield, Russia-K, Russian Revolution, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Sabre Dance, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Vasilenko, Siege of Leningrad, Silva Kaputikyan, Simferopol, SnagFilms, Soviet Peace Committee, Soviet Union, Spartacus (ballet), Stanley Kubrick, Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, Symphony No. 2 (Khachaturian), Symphony No. 3 (Khachaturian), Taron Margaryan, Tbilisi, Tempo (journal), The Battle of Stalingrad (film), The Daily Telegraph, The Five (composers), The Guardian, The Hudsucker Proxy, The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New Times (magazine), The New York Times, The Onedin Line, The Slavonic and East European Review, The Widow from Valencia, Tigran Mansurian, Time (magazine), Tolib Shakhidi, Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Transcription (music), Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, Turkish people, Ukrainians, Union of Soviet Composers, University at Buffalo, University of California Press, USSR State Prize, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, Vatican City, Violin Concerto (Khachaturian), Vissarion Shebalin, Watertown, Massachusetts, Yale University Press, Yerevan, Yerevan Opera Theatre, Yerevan State University, Yury Luzhkov, 2001: A Space Odyssey (film), 20th-century classical music. 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ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
An academician is a full member of an artistic, literary, or scientific academy.
The Academy of Arts (Akademie der Künste) is a state arts institution in Berlin, Germany.
The Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia (National Academy of St Cecilia) is one of the oldest musical institutions in the world, founded by the papal bull Ratione congruit, issued by Sixtus V in 1585, which invoked two saints prominent in Western musical history: Gregory the Great, for whom the Gregorian chant is named, and Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music.
PJSC AeroflotRussian Airlines (ПАО "Аэрофло́т — Росси́йские авиали́нии"), commonly known as Aeroflot (Аэрофлот, English translation: "air fleet"), is the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Federation.
Agitprop (from r, portmanteau of "agitation" and "propaganda") is political propaganda, especially the communist propaganda used in Soviet Russia, that is spread to the general public through popular media such as literature, plays, pamphlets, films, and other art forms with an explicitly political message.
The Airbus A319 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (a; 12 November 183327 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian-Russian origin, as well as a doctor and chemist.
Alexander Afanasyevich Spendiarov (Spendiaryan) (Ալեքսանդր Ստեփանոսի Սպենդիարյան, Александр Афанасьевич Спендиаров, November 1, 1871, Kakhovka, Russian Empire – May 7, 1928, Yerevan, Armenia) was an Armenian born in Russia, music composer, conductor, founder of Armenian national symphonic music and one of the patriarchs of Armenian classical music.
Alexey Lvovich Rybnikov (Алексе́й Льво́вич Ры́бников; born July 17, 1945 in Moscow) is a modern Russian composer.
Allen & Unwin is an Australian independent publishing company, established in Australia in 1976 as a subsidiary of the British firm George Allen & Unwin Ltd., which was founded by Sir Stanley Unwin in August 1914 and went on to become one of the leading publishers of the twentieth century.
The American Musicological Society is a membership-based musicological organization founded in 1934 to advance scholarly research in the various fields of music as a branch of learning and scholarship.
Anatol Vieru (8 June 1926 – 8 October 1998) was a music theoretician, influential pedagogue, and a leading Romanian-Jewish composer of the 20th century.
Andrei Yakovlevich Eshpai (Андре́й Я́ковлевич Эшпа́й; 15 May 1925 – 8 November 2015) was an ethnic Mari (Russian and Soviet) composer.
Andrei Alexandrovich Zhdanov (p; – 31 August 1948) was a Soviet Communist Party leader and cultural ideologist.
The State Anthem of the Armenian SSR was the national anthem of Armenia when it was a republic of the Soviet Union and known as the Armenian SSR.
Arabkir (Արաբկիր վարչական շրջան, Arabkir varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Argumenty i Fakty (Аргументы и факты, commonly abbreviated "АиФ" and translated as Arguments and Facts) is a weekly newspaper based in Moscow and a publishing house in Russia and worldwide.
The dram (դրամ; sign: ֏; code: AMD) is the monetary unit of Armenia and the neighboring unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).
The National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS RA) (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության գիտությունների ազգային ակադեմիա, ՀՀ ԳԱԱ, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yan gitut’yunneri azgayin akademia) is the primary body that conducts research and coordinates activities in the fields of science and social sciences in Armenia.
The Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia (Հայկական սովետական հանրագիտարան, Haykakan sovetakan hanragitaran; ASE) publishing house was established in 1967 as a department of the Institute of History of the Armenian Academy of Sciences under the presidency of Viktor Hambardzumyan (1908–1996), co-edited by Abel Simonyan (1922–1994) and Makich Arzumanyan (1919–1988).
Armenia (translit,; Армения; Armeniya), officially the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armenian SSR; translit; translit), also commonly referred to as Soviet Armenia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union in December 1922 located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
The Armenians have historically been one of the main ethnic groups in the city of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Armenians are the largest ethnic minority in Tbilisi at 4.8% of the population. Armenians migrated to the Georgian lands in the Middle Ages, during the Muslim rule of Armenia. They formed the single largest group of city's population in the 19th century. Official Georgian statistics of 2014 put the number of Armenians in Tbilisi 53,409 people. Tbilisi or Tiflis (as most Armenians call it) was the center of cultural life of Armenians in the Russian Empire from early 19th century to early 20th century.
Armenpress (Armenian Press; Արմենպրես) is the oldest and the main state news agency in Armenia.
Arno Babajanian (Առնո Բաբաջանյան) (January 22, 1921 – November 11, 1983) was an Armenian composer and pianist during the Soviet era.
An Ashik was traditionally a singer who accompanied his song— be it a dastan (traditional epic story, also known as hikaye) or a shorter original composition—with a long necked lute (bağlama) in Azerbaijani culture and related Turkic cultures.
Astana (Астана, Astana) is the capital city of Kazakhstan.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Aza (until 2003, Yuxarı Aza, Jukhary Aza, Yukary-Aza, and Yukhary Aza "Upper Aza") is a village and municipality in the Ordubad Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan.
Azadkənd (until 2003, Aşağı Aza and Ashagy Aza "Lower Aza") is a village and municipality in the Ordubad Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan (Азәрбајҹан; Azərbaycan), officially the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы, Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası, Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Azerbajdžanskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika) and the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası, Азәрбајҹан Республикасы), also referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991.
Aziz El-Shawan (b. Cairo, May 6, 1916; d. Cairo, May 14, 1993) was one of the most prominent Egyptian composers of the twentieth century.
Şahan Arzruni (Շահան Արծրունի; born 8 June 1943) is an Armenian classical pianist, composer, ethnomusicologist, lecturer, writer and producer, residing in New York City.
Ballet as a music form progressed from simply a complement to dance, to a concrete compositional form that often had as much value as the dance that went along with it.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The BBC Russian Service (Ру́сская слу́жба Би-би-си́) is part of the BBC World Service's foreign language output, one of nearly 40 languages it provides.
The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.
Boosey & Hawkes is a British music publisher purported to be the largest specialist classical music publisher in the world.
California State University, Fresno (commonly referred to as Fresno State) is a public research university in Fresno, California.
Caligula (Caligola) is a 1979 Italian-American erotic historical drama film focusing on the rise and fall of the Roman Emperor Caligula.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Aram Khachaturian wrote his Cello Concerto in E minor in 1946 for Sviatoslav Knushevitsky.
The Central Bank of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կենտրոնական Բանկ) is the central bank of Armenia with its headquarters in Yerevan.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was de jure the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) between Party Congresses.
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas in 1891.
Joel David Coen (born November 29, 1954) and Ethan Jesse CoenState of Minnesota.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Conservatorio Nacional de Música (National Conservatory of Music, in Spanish) is a music conservatory located in the Polanco neighborhood of Mexico City, Federal District, Mexico.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Current Biography is an American monthly magazine published by the H. W. Wilson Company of The Bronx, New York, a publisher of reference books, that appears every month except December.
Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
David Marshall Lang (6 May 1924 – 20 March 1991), was a Professor of Caucasian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
David Fyodorovich Oistrakh (– 24 October 1974), PAU, was a renowned Soviet classical violinist and violist.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (Дми́трий Бори́сович Кабале́вский; 14 February 1987), HSL, PAU, was a Russian composer.
The Doctor of Arts (D.A.; occasionally D.Arts or Art.D. from the Latin artium doctor) is a discipline-based terminal doctoral degree that was originally conceived and designed to be an alternative to the traditional research-based Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and the education-based Doctor of Education (Ed.D.). Like other doctorates, the D.A. is an academic degree of the highest level.
Don Michael Randel (born December 9, 1940) is an American musicologist, specializing in the music of the Middle Ages and Renaissance in Spain and France.
Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Edgar Hovhannisyan, Hovhannisian or Oganesian (Էդգար Հովհաննիսյան; January 14, 1930, Yerevan – December 28, 1998, Yerevan) was an Armenian composer, Professor of Composition at the Yerevan State Conservatory, People's Artist of the USSR (1986).
Edvard Mik'aeli Mirzoyan (Էդվարդ Միքայելի Միրզոյան; May 12, 1921 – October 5, 2012) was an Armenian composer.
Edward Harry Greenfield OBE (3 July 1928 – 1 July 2015) was an English music critic and broadcaster.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Eric Bogosian (born April 24, 1953) is an American actor, playwright, monologuist, novelist, and historian.
Europe-Asia Studies is an academic peer-reviewed journal published 10 times a year by Routledge on behalf of the Institute of Central and East European Studies, University of Glasgow, and continuing (since vol. 45, 1993) the journal Soviet Studies (vols. 1-44, 1949–1992), which was renamed after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Foreign Languages Publishing House was a state-run publisher in the Soviet Union that published Russian literature, novels, propaganda, and books about the USSR in foreign languages.
In music theory and especially in the branch of study called the aesthetics of music, formalism is the concept that a composition's meaning is entirely determined by its form.
Gale is an educational publishing company based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit.
Gardabani (გარდაბნის მუნიციპალიტეტი, Gardabnis Municiṕaliťeťi) is a municipality in Georgia, in the region of Kvemo Kartli.
Gayane (Gayaneh or Gayne (the e is pronounced); Գայանե); is a four-act ballet with music by Aram Khachaturian.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Georgia, formally the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR; tr; Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.
The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.
Georgs Pelēcis (also Georges Pélétsis; born 18 June 1947) is a Latvian composer and musicologist.
Getty Images, Inc. is an American stock photo agency, with headquarters in Seattle, Washington, United States.
The Gnessin State Musical College (Государственный музыкальный колледж имени Гнесиных) and Gnessin Russian Academy of Music (Российская академия музыки имени Гнесиных) is a prominent music school in Moscow, Russia.
The Gomidas Institute (GI; ԿԻ) is an independent academic institution "dedicated to modern Armenian and regional studies." Its activities include research, publications and educational programmes.
Google Maps is a web mapping service developed by Google.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
The H. W. Wilson Company, Inc., was founded in 1898 and is located in The Bronx, New York.
Hal Leonard Corporation is a United States music publishing and distribution company founded in Winona, Minnesota, by Harold "Hal" Edstrom, his brother, Everett "Leonard" Edstrom, and fellow musician Roger Busdicker.
Hamazkayin, short for Hamazkayin Armenian Educational and Cultural Society, is a major cultural organization of the Armenian Diaspora, with a presence in every significant Armenian community worldwide.
Hamo Sahyan (Համո Սահյան, also known as Hmayak Sahaki Grigoryan; April 14, 1914 – July 17, 1993) was an Armenian poet and translator.
Harold Charles Schonberg (November 29, 1915 – July 26, 2003) was an American music critic and journalist, most notably for The New York Times.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
The Hürriyet Daily News, formerly Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review and Turkish Daily News, is the oldest current English-language daily in Turkey, founded in 1961.
Hero of Socialist Labour was an honorary title of the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact countries.
The Hollywood Film Festival is an annual film festival which is located in Los Angeles, California, USA.
Hopak (Гопа́к), also referred to as Gopak in transliteration from the Russian language, the Cossack dance, or more recently as the Kazotsky Kick is a national Ukrainian dance.
The Aram Khachaturian House-Museum (Արամ Խաչատրյանի տուն-թանգարան) opened in Yerevan, Armenia in 1982 and is devoted to the exhibition of the Armenian composer’s personal artifacts, as well as to the research and study of his creative output.
Ice Age: The Meltdown is a 2006 American computer-animated comedy adventure film produced by Blue Sky Studios and released by 20th Century Fox.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program, video game, film, or some other presentation form that is not primarily musical.
The Journal of the American Musicological Society is a peer-reviewed academic journal and an official journal of the American Musicological Society.
Karen Demirchyan (Կարեն Դեմիրճյան) (April 17, 1932 – October 27, 1999) was a Soviet and Armenian politician.
Karen Surenovich Khachaturian (Карэн Суренович Хачатурян, Կարեն Խաչատրյան) (Moscow, September 19, 1920 – Moscow, July 19, 2011) was a Soviet and Russian composer of Armenian ethnicity and the nephew of composer Aram Khachaturian.
Khojavend (Xocavənd), or Martuni (Մարտունի) is a town and the provincial capital of Martuni Region of the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.
Kojori (კოჯორი) is a small town (daba) in Georgia, some 20 kilometers southwest of the nation’s capital of Tbilisi.
Soghomon Soghomonian, ordained and commonly known as Komitas, (Կոմիտաս; 26 September 186922 October 1935) was an Armenian priest, musicologist, composer, arranger, singer, and choirmaster, who is considered the founder of Armenian national school of music.
Komitas Park and Pantheon (Կոմիտասի անվան զբոսայգի և պանթեոն) is located in Yerevan's Shengavit District, on the right side of the main Arshakunyats Avenue, in Armenia.
Konstantin Aghaparoni Orbelyan (Կոնստանտին Աղապարոնի Օրբելյան; Константин Агапаронович Орбелян, July 29, 1928 – April 24, 2014) was an Armenian pianist, composer, head of the State Estrada Orchestra of Armenia.
Krugosvet is a Russian-language encyclopedia covering different fields of knowledge in eight supercategories and 27 subcategories, 12,000 entries, over 600 current and historic maps, and 10,000 illustrations and charts.
The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
LA Weekly is a free weekly alternative newspaper in Los Angeles, California.
Lawrence Cecil Adler (February 10, 1914 – August 6, 2001) was an American harmonica player.
The Lenin Prize (Ленинская премия, Leninskaya premiya) is one of the awards re-introduced in April 2018 in the Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, presented to individuals for accomplishments relating to science, literature, arts, architecture, and technology.
The Lezginka is the collective name originally given by Russians to all Caucasian dances united by fast 6/8 rhythm.
The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LA Phil or LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lraber Hasarakakan Gitutyunneri (Լրաբեր հասարակական գիտությունների "Bulletin/Review of Social Sciences") is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Armenian Academy of Sciences covering Armenian studies.
Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Ocheretnaya, formerly Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Putina (1,, née Shkrebneva, Шкребнева; born 6 January 1958), is the former wife of the President and former Prime Minister of Russia, Vladimir Putin.
M.E. Sharpe, Inc., an academic publisher, was founded by Myron Sharpe in 1958 with the original purpose of publishing translations from Russian in the social sciences and humanities.
Macbeth (full title The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed in 1606.
The Mariinsky Ballet is the resident classical ballet company of the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
The Mariinsky Theatre (Мариинский театр, Mariinskiy Teatr, also spelled Maryinsky or Mariyinsky) is a historic theatre of opera and ballet in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Marin Alsop (born October 16, 1956) is an American conductor and violinist.
Marina Frolova-Walker FBA (Марина Фролова-Уокер; born 1966) is a Russian-born British musicologist and music historian, who specialises in German Romanticism, Russian and Soviet music, and nationalism in music.
Mark Anatolievich Minkov (Марк Анатольевич Минков; 25 November 1944 – 29 May 2012) was a Soviet/Russian music composer.
Masquerade was written in 1941 by Aram Khachaturian as incidental music for a production of the play of the same name by Russian poet and playwright Mikhail Lermontov.
Masquerade (Маскарад) is a verse play written in 1835 by the Russian Romantic writer Mikhail Lermontov.
The mazurka (in Polish mazurek, plural mazurki) is a Polish folk dance in triple meter, usually at a lively tempo, and with "strong accents unsystematically placed on the second or third beat".
McFarland & Company, Inc. is an independent book publisher based in Jefferson, North Carolina that specializes in academic and reference works, as well as general interest adult nonfiction.
UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme is an international initiative launched to safeguard the documentary heritage of humanity against collective amnesia, neglect, the ravages of time and climatic conditions, and willful and deliberate destruction.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Mikael Tariverdiev (Микаэл Таривердиев, Միքայել Թարիվերդիև; 15 August 1931 – 24 July 1996) was a prominent Soviet composer of Armenian descent.
Mikhail Fabianovich Gnessin (Михаил Фабианович Гнесин; sometimes transcribed Gnesin; 2 February 18835 May 1957)Sitsky, Larry.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (p; –) was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Moscow Art Theatre (or MAT; Московский Художественный академический театр (МХАТ), Moskovskiy Hudojestvenny Akademicheskiy Teatr (МHАТ)) is a theatre company in Moscow.
The Moscow Conservatory, also officially Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory (Московская государственная консерватория им.) is an educational music institution located in Moscow, Russia.
The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı; Մասիս, Masis and Արարատ, Ararat) is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey.
The music of Armenia has its origins in the Armenian Highlands, where people traditionally sang popular folk songs.
Music of the Soviet Union varied in many genres and epochs.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Musical nationalism refers to the use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity, such as folk tunes and melodies, rhythms, and harmonies inspired by them.
The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The National Symphony Orchestra (NSO), founded in 1931, is an American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D.C..
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music.
Nikolai Yakovlevich Myaskovsky or Miaskovsky or Miaskowsky (Никола́й Я́ковлевич Мяско́вский; – 8 August 1950), PAU, was a Russian and Soviet composer.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Nina Vladimirovna Makarova (Jurino, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate – 15 January 1976, Moscow) was a Russian composer who had great interest in Russian and Mari folksongs.
Norman Gilliland has been a producer on Wisconsin Public Radio since 1984, where he hosts classical music broadcasts, produces the interview program University of the Air, and reads for Chapter A Day. He holds degrees in English and Broadcasting from the University of Florida and attended graduate school in English at Duke University, where he developed an interest in broadcasting.
Novaya Gazeta (p) is a Russian newspaper well known in its country for its critical and investigative coverage of Russian political and social affairs.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
The Order of Lenin (Orden Lenina), named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930.
The Order of the October Revolution (Орден Октябрьской Революции, Orden Oktyabr'skoy Revolyutsii) was instituted on October 31, 1967, in time for the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution.
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour (translit) was an order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities.
The Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) is an Order of France, established on 2 May 1957 by the Minister of Culture, and its supplementary status to the Ordre national du Mérite was confirmed by President Charles de Gaulle in 1963.
Ordubad (also, Ordoubat and Ordubat) is the second largest town and a municipality of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan and is one of its three regions.
In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English, from Latin: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, frequently at the same pitch.
OVGuide is a website aggregator which allows users to find online video content.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
PanARMENIAN.Net is the first Armenian online news agency, an internet portal based in Yerevan, Armenia.
Patma-Banasirakan Handes (Պատմա-Բանասիրական Հանդես (ՊԲՀ, PBH); Историко-филологический журнал, Istoriko-Filologicheskii Zhurnal; "Historical-Philological Journal") is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
People's Artist of the USSR (Наро́дный арти́ст СССР, Narodný artist SSSR), also sometimes translated as National Artist of the USSR, was an honorary title granted to artists of the Soviet Union.
This article deals with the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Caucasus region.
Pepo (Պեպո) is a 1935 Soviet drama film based on Gabriel Sundukyan's 1876 play of the same name, scripted and directed by Hamo Beknazarian, with music composed by Aram Khachaturian.
Perm (p;Gramota.ru.) is a city and the administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia, located on the banks of the Kama River in the European part of Russia near the Ural Mountains.
Aram Khachaturian's Piano Concerto in D-flat major, Op. 38, was composed in 1936.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
The Polish People's Republic (Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) covers the history of contemporary Poland between 1952 and 1990 under the Soviet-backed socialist government established after the Red Army's release of its territory from German occupation in World War II.
Pravda.ru (lit) formerly Pravda Online, is a Russian internet news website established in 1999 and owned by Pravda.ru Holding headed by Vadim Gorshenin.
Public Radio of Armenia - (Հայաստանի Հանրային Ռադիո, Hayastani Hanrayin Radio Djsy; Armradio) is Armenia's public radio station.
Public Television of Armenia (Հայաստանի հանրային հեռուստաընկերություն, 1TV), Hayastani Hanrayin herrustaynkerut’yun; ARMTV or APMTV, is Armenia's public television station that began transmissions in 1956.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
Radio Prague (Český rozhlas 7 - Radio Praha) is the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Reinhold Moritzevich Glière (Russian language: Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр, Ukrainian language: Ре́йнгольд Мо́ріцевич Гліер / Reingol'd Moritsevich Glier; born Reinhold Ernest Glier, which was later converted for standardization purposes; 23 June 1956), PAU, was a composer in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, of German and Polish descent.
RIA Novosti (РИА Новости), sometimes RIA (РИА) for short, was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency.
Roger E. Kanet is an American professor, author and researcher.
Romanos Melikian (Ռոմանոս Հովակիմի Մելիքյան; October 1, 1883, Kizlyar – March 30, 1935, Yerevan) was an Armenian composer.
Ronald Crichton (28 December 1913 – 16 November 2005) was a music critic for the Financial Times in the 1960s and 1970s.
(Российская газета, lit. Russian Gazette) is a Russian newspaper published by the Government of Russia.
Rouben Paul Adalian is the Director of the Armenian National Institute in Washington, D.C. Adalian received his PhD in history from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Rough Guides Ltd is a British travel guidebook and reference publisher, since November 2017 owned by APA Publications.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Russia-K (translit) is a Russian television network, broadcasting culture and arts-oriented shows.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
"Sabre Dance" (Սուսերով պար, Suserov par; Танец с саблями, Tanets s sablyami) is a movement in the final act of Aram Khachaturian's ballet Gayane (1942), where the dancers display their skill with sabres.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Sergei Nikiforovich Vasilenko (Серге́й Никифорович Василенко, Sergej Nikiforovič Vasilenko; – 11 March 1956) was a Russian and Soviet composer and music teacher whose compositions showed a strong tendency towards mysticism.
The Siege of Leningrad (also known as the Leningrad Blockade (Блокада Ленинграда, transliteration: Blokada Leningrada) and the 900-Day Siege) was a prolonged military blockade undertaken from the south by the Army Group North of Nazi Germany and the Finnish Army in the north, against Leningrad, historically and currently known as Saint Petersburg, in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II.
Silva Kaputikyan (help); 20 January 1919 – 25 August 2006) was an Armenian poet and political activist. One of the best-known Armenian writers of the twentieth century, she is recognized as "the leading poetess of Armenia" and "the grand lady of twentieth century Armenian poetry". Although a member of the Communist Party, she was a noted advocate of Armenian national causes. Her first collection of poems were published in the mid-1940s. By the 1950s she had established herself as a significant literary figure in Soviet Armenia. Besides Armenian she also wrote in Russian and many of her works were translated to other languages. In the later Soviet period she frequently addressed political and other issues.
Simferopol (p; Сімферополь,; Aqmescit, Акъмесджит) is a city on the Crimean peninsula which, de facto, is the capital city of the Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation but, de jure, is the capital city of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine.
SnagFilms is a website that offers advertising-supported documentary and independent films.
The Soviet Peace Committee (SPC, also known as Soviet Committee for the Defense of Peace, SCDP, Советский Комитет Защиты Мира) was a state-sponsored organization responsible for coordinating peace movements active in the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spartacus («Спартак», Spartak) is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978).
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union was the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
Taron Andranik Margaryan (Տարոն Անդրանիկի Մարգարյան, born April 17, 1978, Yerevan) is a politician from Armenia.
Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
Tempo is a quarterly music magazine published in the UK that specialises in music of the 20th century and contemporary music.
The Battle of Stalingrad (Сталинградская битва) is a 1949 two-part Soviet epic war film about the Battle of Stalingrad, directed by Vladimir Petrov.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Five, also known as the Mighty Handful and the New Russian School, were five prominent 19th-century Russian composers who worked together to create distinct Russian classical music.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hudsucker Proxy is a 1994 comedy film co-written, produced, and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New Times (Но́вые Времена́) is a Russian language magazine in Russia.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Onedin Line is a BBC television drama series, which ran from 1971 to 1980.
The Slavonic and East European Review, the journal of the School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES) at University College London, is an international peer-reviewed multidisciplinary academic journal in the fields of social sciences and humanities founded in 1922 by Bernard Pares, Robert William Seton-Watson and Harold Williams (SSEES) and dedicated to Slavonic and East European Studies published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by Maney Publishing for the Modern Humanities Research Association on behalf of SSEES.
The Widow from Valencia (La viuda valenciana.) is a play written by the Spanish playwright Lope de Vega.
Tigran Yeghiayi Mansurian (Տիգրան Մանսուրյան; born 27 January 1939) is a leading Armenian composer of classical music and film scores.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tolib-khon Shakhidi (Толиб-хон Шахиди) or Tolib Shahidi (Толиб Шаҳидӣ/طالب شهیدی, born 13 March 1946) is a Tajik, Russian, and Soviet composer who was born in the city of Dushanbe, Tajik SSR.
The Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSO) is a Canadian orchestra based in Toronto, Ontario.
In music, transcription can mean notating a piece or a sound which was previously unnotated, as, for example, an improvised jazz solo.
The Treaty on the Creation of the USSR officially created the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), commonly known as the Soviet Union.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
Union of composers of Russian Federation — Russian public organization uniting professional composers and musicologists from 48 regions of Russia.
The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The USSR State Prize (Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР, Gosudarstvennaya premiya SSSR) was the Soviet Union's state honor.
Uzbekistan is the common English name for the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR; Ўзбекистон Совет Социалистик Республикаси, Oʻzbekiston Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikasi; Узбекская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Uzbekskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) and later, the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси), that refers to the period of Uzbekistan from 1924 to 1991.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Aram Khachaturian's Violin Concerto in D minor was completed in 1940 and dedicated to the Russian violinist David Oistrakh, who premièred the concerto in Moscow on September 16, 1940.
Vissarion Yakovlevich Shebalin (Russian: Виссарио́н Я́ковлевич Шебали́н; 29 May 1963) was a Soviet composer.
The Town of Watertown is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Armenian National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Alexander Spendiaryan (Ալեքսանդր Սպենդիարյանի անվան օպերայի և բալետի ազգային ակադեմիական թատրոն (Aleksandr Spendiaryani anvan ōperayi yev baleti azgayin akademiakan t'atron)) in Yerevan was officially opened on 20 January 1933, with Alexander Spendiaryan's Almast opera performance.
Yerevan State University (YSU; Երևանի Պետական Համալսարան, ԵՊՀ, Yerevani Petakan Hamalsaran), also simply University of Yerevan, is the oldest continuously operating public university in Armenia.
Yury Mikhaylovich Luzhkov (p; born 21 September 1936) is a Russian politician who was the Mayor of Moscow from 1992 to 2010.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 epic science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick.
20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000.
Aram Hachaturian, Aram Ii'yich Khatchaturian, Aram Il'Yich Khachaturian, Aram Ilich Khachaturian, Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan, Aram Ilyich Chatchaturyan, Aram Ilyich Katchaturian, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khachaturyan, Aram Kachaturian, Aram Katchaturian, Aram Khachatourian, Aram Khachatryan, Aram Khachaturyan, Aram Khahcaturian, Aram Khatchaturian, Catchaturian, Kachaturian, Katchaturian, Khachaturyan, Khatchaturian, Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Արամ Խաչատրյան.