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Index Ardennes

The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins. [1]

122 relations: Abbeville, Agriculture, Allies of World War II, Antwerp, Arden, Warwickshire, Ardennes (department), Ardennes horse, Armorican Massif, Armoured warfare, Baraque de Fraiture, Baraque Michel, Bastogne, Battle of France, Battle of Gembloux (1940), Battle of Roncevaux Pass, Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Frontiers, Bayard (legend), Belgian Land Component, Belgian Revolution, Belgium, Bitburg-Prüm, Borinage, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Brittonic languages, Buurgplaatz, Champagne-Ardenne, Chanson de geste, Charcoal, Charlemagne, Charleroi, Charleville-Mézières, Condroz, Congress of Vienna, Couvin, Croix Scaille, Departments of France, Devonian, Dinant, Dinantian, Division (military), Eifel, England, Erich von Manstein, Eupen, Famenne, Famennian, Forest, France, ..., Frasnian, French Army, Game (hunting), Gaulish language, Gaume, Germany, Givet, Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point, Grand Est, Great power, Hainaut (province), Haine, High Fens, July Monarchy, Kingdom of Prussia, Kneiff, La Louvière, Latin, Liège (province), Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Belgium), Maginot Line, Manstein Plan, Mantle plume, Massif Central, Maurice Gamelin, Metallurgy, Meuse, Moselle, Namur, Namur (province), Namurian, Napoléonsgaard, Napoleonic Wars, Nazi Germany, North Sea, Oesling, Old French, Paris, Plan XVII, Prüm Abbey, Regino of Prüm, Regions of France, Rhineland-Palatinate, River, Roman Gaul, Sambre, Schlieffen Plan, Sedan, Ardennes, Semois, Signal de Botrange, Sillon industriel, The Four Sons of Aymon, The Song of Roland, Tour du Millénaire, Tournai, Tournaisian, Tree, Tubize, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Variscan orogeny, Verviers, Vikings, Visé, Viséan, Vosges, Wallonia, Walloon Brabant, Weißer Stein (Eifel), Welsh language, World War I, World War II. Expand index (72 more) »


Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Arden, Warwickshire

Arden is an area, located mainly in Warwickshire, England, and also part of Staffordshire and Worcestershire traditionally regarded as extending from the River Avon to the River Tame.

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Ardennes (department)

Ardennes is a department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France named after the Ardennes area.

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Ardennes horse

The Ardennes or Ardennais is one of the oldest breeds of draft horse, and originates from the Ardennes area in Belgium, Luxembourg and France.

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Armorican Massif

The Armorican Massif (Massif armoricain) is a geologic massif that covers a large area in the northwest of France, including Brittany, the western part of Normandy and the Pays de la Loire.

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Armoured warfare

Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.

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Baraque de Fraiture

The Baraque de Fraiture is the highest point in the Province of Luxembourg, Belgium.

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Baraque Michel

The Baraque Michel (Michelshütte) is a locality in the municipality Jalhay, in the High Fens, eastern Belgium.

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Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastnach or Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Battle of Gembloux (1940)

The Battle of Gembloux (or Battle of the Gembloux Gap) was fought between French and German forces in May 1940.

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Battle of Roncevaux Pass

The Battle of Roncevaux Pass (French and English spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish, Orreaga in Basque) in 778 saw a large force of Basques ambush a part of Charlemagne's army in Roncevaux Pass, a high mountain pass in the Pyrenees on the present border between France and Spain, after his invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Battle of the Ardennes

The Battle of the Ardennes was a battle of the First World War fought on the frontiers of France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg from 21 to 23 August 1914.

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Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.

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Battle of the Frontiers

The Battle of the Frontiers was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France and in southern Belgium, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.

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Bayard (legend)

Bayard (Bayard; Baiardo; (Ros) Beiaard) is a magic bay horse in the legends derived from the chansons de geste, renowned for his spirit, and possessed the supernatural ability to adjust his size to his riders.

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Belgian Land Component

The Land Component (Landcomponent, Composante terre) is the land-based branch of the Belgian Armed Forces.

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Belgian Revolution

The Belgian Revolution (Belgische Revolution) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces (mainly the former Southern Netherlands) from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the establishment of an independent Kingdom of Belgium.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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The Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

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The Borinage is an area in the Walloon province of Hainaut in Belgium.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.

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Brittonic languages

The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.

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Buurgplaatz (alternate names: Buergplaatz, Burrigplatz, Burgplatz, Buergplaz zu Huldang) is a hill in the commune of Troisvierges, in northern Luxembourg.

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Champagne-Ardenne is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium.

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Chanson de geste

The chanson de geste, Old French for "song of heroic deeds" (from gesta: Latin: "deeds, actions accomplished"), is a medieval narrative, a type of epic poem that appears at the dawn of French literature.

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Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.

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Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Charleroi (Tchålerwè) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.

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Charleville-Mézières is a commune in northern France, capital of the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region.

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The Condroz is a natural region in Belgium, located to the north-west of the Ardennes.

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

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Couvin (Couvén) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Namur.

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Croix Scaille

The Croix Scaille is the plateau of a forested massif in the Ardennes bounded to the north by the valley of the Semois and to the east by the Meuse.

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.

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The Devonian is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic, spanning 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Carboniferous, Mya.

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Dinant is a Walloon city and municipality located on the River Meuse, in the Belgian province of Namur.

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Dinantian is the name of a series or epoch from the Lower Carboniferous system in Europe.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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The Eifel (Äifel) is a low mountain range in western Germany and eastern Belgium.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Erich von Manstein

Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973) was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War.

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Eupen (German and French, previously known as Néau in French, and Dutch) is a city and municipality in the Belgian province of Liège, from the German border (Aachen), from the Dutch border (Maastricht) and from the "High Fens" nature reserve (Ardennes). The town is also the capital of the Euroregion Meuse-Rhine. First mentioned in 1213 as belonging to the Duchy of Limburg, possession of Eupen passed to Brabant, Burgundy, the Holy Roman Empire and France before being given in 1815 to Prussia, which joined the German Empire in 1870. In 1919, after the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles transferred Eupen and the nearby municipality of Malmedy from Germany to Belgium. German remains the official language in Eupen, and the city serves as the capital for Belgium's German-speaking Community. The city has a small university, the Autonome Hochschule in der deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft, offering bachelor's degrees in Education and Nursing. In 2010, Eupen's association football team, K.A.S. Eupen, became the first club from the German-speaking Community to play in the Belgian Pro League. On 1 January 2006 Eupen had a total population of 18,248 (8,892 males and 9,356 females). The total area is which gives a population density of 175.90 inhabitants per km2. Eupen is considered in Belgium to be a Roman Catholic region with strongly conservative views.

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Famenne is a natural region in southern Belgium.

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The Famennian is the latter of two faunal stages in the Late Devonian epoch.

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A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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The Frasnian is one of two faunal stages in the Late Devonian period.

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French Army

The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.

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Game (hunting)

Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.

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Gaulish language

Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.

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Gaume is a region in the extreme southeast of Belgium.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Givet is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France very close to the Belgian border.

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Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point

A Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point, abbreviated GSSP, is an internationally agreed upon reference point on a stratigraphic section which defines the lower boundary of a stage on the geologic time scale.

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Grand Est

Grand Est (Great East, Großer Osten — both in the Alsatian and the Lorraine Franconian dialect), previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA), is an administrative region in eastern France.

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Great power

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.

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Hainaut (province)

Hainaut (Hainaut,; Henegouwen,; Hinnot; Hénau) is a province of Belgium in the Walloon region.

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The Haine is a river in southern Belgium (Hainaut) and northern France (Nord), right tributary of the river Scheldt.

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High Fens

The High Fens (Hohes Venn; Hautes Fagnes; Hoge Venen), which were declared a nature reserve in 1957, are an upland area, a plateau region in the province of Liège, in the east of Belgium and adjoining parts of Germany, between the Ardennes and the Eifel highlands.

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July Monarchy

The July Monarchy (Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting with the July Revolution of 1830 and ending with the Revolution of 1848.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Kneiff is a hill in the Ardennes, in the commune of Troisvierges, in northern Luxembourg, near the tripoint shared with Belgium and Germany.

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La Louvière

La Louvière (El Lovire) is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Liège (province)

Liège (Lîdje; Luik,; Lüttich) is the easternmost province of Wallonia and Belgium.

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Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.

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Luxembourg (Belgium)

Luxembourg (Luxembourg; Luxemburg; Luxemburg; Lëtzebuerg; Lussimbork) is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium.

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Maginot Line

The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.

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Manstein Plan

The Manstein Plan is one of the names used to describe the war plan of the German Army during the Battle of France in 1940.

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Mantle plume

A mantle plume is an upwelling of abnormally hot rock within the Earth's mantle, first proposed by J. Tuzo Wilson in 1963.

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Massif Central

The Massif Central (Massís Central) is a highland region in the middle of southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus.

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Maurice Gamelin

Maurice Gustave Gamelin (20 September 1872 – 18 April 1958) was a senior French Army general.

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Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.

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The Moselle (la Moselle,; Mosel; Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany.

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Namur (Dutch:, Nameur in Walloon) is a city and municipality in Wallonia, Belgium.

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Namur (province)

Namur (Dutch:, Nameur) is a province of Wallonia, one of the three regions of Belgium.

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The Namurian is a stage in the regional stratigraphy of northwest Europe with an age between roughly 326 and 313 Ma (million years ago).

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Napoléonsgaard is a hill in the commune of Rambrouch, in western Luxembourg.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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The Oesling or Ösling is a region covering the northern part of both the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm, within the greater Ardennes area that also covers parts of Belgium and France.

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Old French

Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Plan XVII was the name of a "scheme of mobilization and concentration" that was adopted by the French Conseil Supérieur de la Guerre (the peacetime title of the French General Staff) from 1912–1914, to be put into effect by the French Army in the event of war between France and Germany.

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Prüm Abbey

Prüm Abbey is a former Benedictine abbey in Prüm, Lorraine, now in the diocese of Trier (Germany), founded by the Frankish widow Bertrada the elder and her son Charibert, Count of Laon, on 23 June 720.

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Regino of Prüm

Regino of Prüm (Regino Prumiensis, Regino von Prüm; died 915) was a Benedictine monk, who served as abbot of Prüm (892–99) and later of Saint Martin's at Trier, and chronicler, whose Chronicon is an important source for late Carolingian history.

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Regions of France

France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.

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Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

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Roman Gaul

Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.

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The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium.

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Schlieffen Plan

The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.

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Sedan, Ardennes

Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.

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The Semois (Simwès in Walloon, often under elided form Smwès; Semoy, Sesbach in German, Setzbaach in Luxemburgish of Arlon; and known as the Semoy in France) is a river flowing from the Ardennes uplands of Belgium and France towards the Meuse, of which it is a right tributary.

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Signal de Botrange

Signal de Botrange (German Baldringen, Latin Sicco Campo) is the highest point in Belgium, located in the High Fens (Hautes Fagnes in French, Hoge Venen in Dutch, Hohes Venn in German), at.

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Sillon industriel

The Sillon industriel ("industrial furrow") is the former industrial backbone of Belgium.

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The Four Sons of Aymon

The Four Sons of Aymon (Quatre fils Aymon, De Vier Heemskinderen, Die Vier Haimonskinder), sometimes also referred to as Renaud de Montauban (after its main character) is a medieval tale spun around the four sons of Duke Aymon: the knight Renaud de Montauban (also spelled Renaut, Renault, Rinaldo di Montalbano, Reinout van Montalbaen), his brothers Guichard, Allard and Richardet, their magical horse Bayard (Baiardo), their adventures and revolt against the emperor Charlemagne.

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The Song of Roland

The Song of Roland (La Chanson de Roland) is an epic poem (Chanson de geste) based on the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, during the reign of Charlemagne.

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Tour du Millénaire

The tour du millénaire (French for tower of the millennium) was a vantage point built in 2001 in Gedinne, Belgium just meters away from the French border.

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Tournai (Latin: Tornacum, Picard: Tornai), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.

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The Tournaisian is in the ICS geologic timescale the lowest stage or oldest age of the Mississippian, the oldest subsystem of the Carboniferous.

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In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Tubize (Tubeke) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Variscan orogeny

The Variscan or Hercynian orogeny is a geologic mountain-building event caused by Late Paleozoic continental collision between Euramerica (Laurussia) and Gondwana to form the supercontinent of Pangaea.

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Verviers (Vervî) is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège.

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Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Visé (Wezet) is a municipality and city of Belgium, where it is located on the river Meuse, in the Walloon province of Liège.

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The Visean, Viséan or Visian is an age in the ICS geologic timescale or a stage in the stratigraphic column.

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The Vosges (or; Vogesen), also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.

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Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.

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Walloon Brabant

Walloon Brabant (Brabant wallon, Dutch:, Roman Payis) is a province of Belgium, located in Wallonia.

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Weißer Stein (Eifel)

The Weißer Stein (German for White Stone; in English also written as Weisser Stein) is located in the forest of Mürringen, a hamlet of the Büllingen municipality in the Belgian East Cantons.

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Welsh language

Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Ardenne, Ardennen, Ardennes Forest, Ardennes Mountains, Ardennes forest, Ardennes massif, Arduenna, Arduenna Silva, Ardŭénna, Bois Jacques, Forest of Ardennes, The Ardennes.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ardennes

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