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Index Arecaceae

The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae). [1]

244 relations: Açaí palm, Acrocomia, Adaptive radiation, Adonidia merrillii, Alcoholic drink, American Revolutionary War, Ancient Rome, Andes, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, Archontophoenix, Archontophoenix cunninghamiana, Areca, Areca catechu, Areca nut, Arecales, Areceae, Asparagaceae, Astrocaryum, Attalea (palm), Bactris, Bactris gasipaes, Base (chemistry), Basket, Beccariophoenix, Beccariophoenix alfredii, Betel, Bible, Bismarckia, Borassus, Borassus flabellifer, Botanical garden, Bract, Brown algae, Butia, Calamus (palm), California, Canopy (biology), Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz, Carludovica palmata, Carnauba wax, Caryobruchus gleditsiae, Caryoteae, Ceroxylon, Ceroxylon quindiuense, Chamaerops, Chatham Islands, Christian, Climbing palm, Coat of arms of Haiti, Coccothrinax, ..., Coconut, Coconut timber, Coir, Colombia, Conserved name, Copernicia, Cordyline, Cordyline australis, Corypha, Cretaceous, Cyathea cunninghamii, Cyatheaceae, Cycadales, Cycas revoluta, Cyclanthaceae, Daemonorops, Date palm, Desert, Dicksoniaceae, DNA, Dracaena (plant), Dragon's blood, Drupe, Dye, Elaeis, Emblem of Saudi Arabia, England, Euterpe (plant), Evergreen, Exploitation of natural resources, Family (biology), Fan palm, Fermentation in food processing, Fertility, Flag of South Carolina, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Flower, Flowering plant, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fort Moultrie, France, Friedrich von Berchtold, Fruit, Furniture, Genetic marker, Genus, Geonomeae, Glossary of botanical terms, Guihaia, Gynoecium, Habitat, Habitat destruction, Hana Hou!, Hawaiian Islands, Heart of palm, Homoplasy, Horticulture, Human impact on the environment, Hyophorbe amaricaulis, Hyphaene, Hyphaene thebaica, India, Inflorescence, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Ireland, Iriarteeae, Jan Svatopluk Presl, Jerusalem, Jesus, Jubaea, Judaism, Kabbalah, Kolkata, Land development, Latania, Late Cretaceous, Licuala, Lime (material), List of Arecaceae genera, List of Arecaceae genera by alphabetical order, List of foliage plant diseases (Palmae), List of hardy palms, List of tree deities, Livistona, Lodoicea, Lulav, Maluku Islands, Martinique, Mauritia, Mauritia flexuosa, Mauritius, Medicine, Mediterranean Sea, Meristem, Mesopotamia, Metroxylon, Metroxylon sagu, Mining, Monocotyledon, Monophyly, Monopodial, New Guinea, Nikau, North American Plant Protection Organization, Nypa fruticans, Oasis, Oceanic climate, Order (biology), Ornamental plant, Pacific Northwest, Pakistan, Palaeoraphe, Palm branch, Palm oil, Palm Sunday, Palm syrup, Palm wine, Palmoxylon, Pandanus, Pandanus spiralis, Paradise, Parajubaea, Paraphyly, PDF, Philippines, Phoenix (plant), Phoenix sylvestris, Plant reproductive morphology, Poaceae, Podococcus, Postelsia, Potassium deficiency (plants), Pritchardia, Quran, Raceme, Raffia palm, Rainforest, Rattan, Ravenala, Red palm mite, Rhapidophyllum, Rhapis, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, Roystonea, Roystonea palaea, Sabal, Sabal minor, Sabal palmetto, Sago, Salacca, Salak, Santa Monica, California, Sap, Scotland, Seal of Florida, Seal of Guam, Secondary growth, Seed, Serpentine soil, Setaria palmifolia, South Carolina, Spadix (botany), Species, Staple food, Starch, Strelitziaceae, Subtropics, Sukkot, Syagrus (plant), Syagrus romanzoffiana, Sympodial, Synapomorphy and apomorphy, Tamil language, Thrinax, Tourism, Trachycarpus, Trachycarpus fortunei, Trachycarpus takil, Tree, Tree fern, Tree of life, Trithrinax, Tropical forest, Tropics, Understory, Urbanization, Varnish, Vascular cambium, Veitchia, Veitchia joannis, Washingtonia, Woody plant, World Wide Fund for Nature, Xylem. Expand index (194 more) »

Açaí palm

The açaí palm (from Tupi-Guarani asaí), Euterpe oleracea, is a species of palm tree (Arecaceae) cultivated for its fruit (açaí berries or simply açaí), hearts of palm (a vegetable), leaves and trunk wood.

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Acrocomia is a genus of palms which is native to the Neotropics, ranging from Mexico in the north, through Central America and the Caribbean, and through South America south to Argentina.

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Adaptive radiation

In evolutionary biology, adaptive radiation is a process in which organisms diversify rapidly from an ancestral species into a multitude of new forms, particularly when a change in the environment makes new resources available, creates new challenges, or opens new environmental niches.

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Adonidia merrillii

Adonidia merrillii, the Manila palm, is a palm tree species native to the Philippines (Palawan and Danjugan Island), Malaysia (Sabah), and is reportedly naturalized in the West Indies.

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Alcoholic drink

An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Anza-Borrego Desert State Park

Anza-Borrego Desert State Park (ABDSP) is a state park located within the Colorado Desert of southern California, United States.

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Archontophoenix is a plant genus comprising six palm species that are native to New South Wales and Queensland in eastern Australia.

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Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana (Bangalow palm, king palm, Illawara palm, piccabben, piccabeen) is an Australian palm.

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Areca is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.

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Areca catechu

Areca catechu is a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa.

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Areca nut

The areca nut is the fruit of the areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical Pacific (Melanesia and Micronesia), Southeast and South Asia, and parts of east Africa.

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Arecales is an order of flowering plants.

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Areceae is a palm tree tribe in the family Arecaceae.

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Asparagaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.

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Astrocaryum is a genus of about 36 to 40 species of palms native to Central and South America and Trinidad.

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Attalea (palm)

Attalea is a large genus of palms native to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America.

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Bactris is a genus of spiny palms which is native to the Mexico, South and Central America and the Caribbean.

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Bactris gasipaes

Bactris gasipaes is a species of palm native to the tropical forests of South and Central America.

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Base (chemistry)

In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.

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A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibers, which can be made from a range of materials, including wood splints, runners, and cane.

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Beccariophoenix is a genus of three species of Arecaceae (palms), native to Madagascar.

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Beccariophoenix alfredii

Beccariophoenix alfredii, also known as the High Plateau Coconut Palm, is a recently discovered species of Arecaceae (palms), endemic to Madagascar.

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The betel (Piper betle) is the leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and kava.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Bismarckia is a monotypic genus of flowering plant in the palm family endemic to western and northern Madagascar where they grow in open grassland.

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Borassus (Palmyra palm) is a genus of five species of fan palms, native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia and New Guinea.

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Borassus flabellifer

Borassus flabellifer, commonly known as doub palm, palmyra palm, tala palm, toddy palm, wine palm, or ice apple is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale.

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Brown algae

The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.

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Butia is a genus of palms in the family Arecaceae, native to South America in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.

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Calamus (palm)

Calamus is a genus of the palm family Arecaceae.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Canopy (biology)

In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.

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Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz

Carl (or Karl) Heinrich Schultz (8 July 1798 in Altruppin – 22 March 1871), known as Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz, was a German physician and botanist.

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Carludovica palmata

Carludovica palmata (Panama hat plant or toquilla palm) is a palm-like monocot plant.

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Carnauba wax

Carnauba (carnaúba), also called Brazil wax and palm wax, is a wax of the leaves of the palm Copernicia prunifera (Synonym: Copernicia cerifera), a plant native to and grown only in the northeastern Brazilian states of Piauí, Ceará, Maranhão, Bahia, and Rio Grande do Norte.

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Caryobruchus gleditsiae

Caryobruchus gleditsiae is a species of beetle in the family Chrysomelidae (formerly Bruchidae).

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Caryoteae is a tribe in the palm family Arecaceae, distributed across Southeast Asia, from southern India and Sri Lanka east to Vanuatu and northern-most Queensland, Australia.

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Ceroxylon is a genus of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family, native to the Andes in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, known as Andean wax palms.

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Ceroxylon quindiuense

Ceroxylon quindiuense is a palm native to the humid montane forests of the Andes in Colombia and northern Peru.

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Chamaerops is a genus of flowering plants in the palm family Arecaceae.

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Chatham Islands

The Chatham Islands form an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean about east of the South Island of New Zealand.

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A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Climbing palm

Climbing palms are genera in the family Arecaceae that grow as lianas.

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Coat of arms of Haiti

The coat of arms of Haiti was originally introduced in 1807, and has appeared in its current form since 1986.

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Coccothrinax is a genus of palms in the Arecaceae family.

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The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.

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Coconut timber

Coconut timber is a hardwood-substitute from coconut palm trees.

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Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses.

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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Conserved name

A conserved name or nomen conservandum (plural nomina conservanda, abbreviated as nom. cons.) is a scientific name that has specific nomenclatural protection.

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Copernicia is a genus of palms, native to South America and the Greater Antilles.

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Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.

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Cordyline australis

Cordyline australis, commonly known as the cabbage tree, cabbage-palm or tī kōuka, is a widely branched monocot tree endemic to New Zealand.

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Corypha (Gebang Palm, Buri Palm and Talipot Palm) is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae), native to India, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and northeastern Australia (Cape York Peninsula, Queensland).

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The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.

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Cyathea cunninghamii

Cyathea cunninghamii, also known as the gully tree fern and slender tree fern, is a species of tree fern indigenous to New Zealand including North Island (type locality), South Island and Chatham Islands; also to Victoria, possibly New South Wales, southeastern Queensland and Tasmania in Australia.

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The Cyatheaceae are the scaly tree fern family and include the world's tallest tree ferns, which reach heights up to 20 m. They are also very ancient plants, appearing in the fossil record in the late Jurassic, though the modern genera likely appeared in the Cenozoic.

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Cycadales is an order of seed plants that includes all the extant cycads.

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Cycas revoluta

Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu, sago palm, king sago, sago cycad, Japanese sago palm), is a species of gymnosperm in the family Cycadaceae, native to southern Japan including the Ryukyu Islands.

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Cyclanthaceae is a family of flowering plants.

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Daemonorops is a genus of rattan palms in the family Arecaceae found primarily in the tropics and subtropics of southeastern Asia with a few species extending into southern China and the Himalayas.

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Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.

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A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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The Dicksoniaceae is a family of tropical, subtropical and warm temperate ferns.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Dracaena (plant)

Dracaena (derived from the romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα – drakaina, "female dragon") is a genus of about 120 species of trees and succulent shrubs.

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Dragon's blood

Dragon's blood is a bright red resin that is obtained from different species of a number of distinct plant genera: Croton, Dracaena, Daemonorops, Calamus rotang and Pterocarpus.

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In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

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A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Elaeis is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms.

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Emblem of Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian national emblem (شعار السعودية) was adopted in 1950.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Euterpe (plant)

Euterpe is a genus of palm tree, containing eight species that are native to Central America and the Yucatan, the West Indies, and South America, from Belize and the Windward Islands southward to Brazil, Peru and Argentina.

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In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green.

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Exploitation of natural resources

The exploitation of natural resources is the use of natural resources for economic growth, sometimes with a negative connotation of accompanying environmental degradation.

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Family (biology)

In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.

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Fan palm

Fan palm as a descriptive term can refer to any of several different kinds of palms (Arecaceae) in various genera with leaves that are palmately lobed (rather than pinnately compound).

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Fermentation in food processing

Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.

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Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.

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Flag of South Carolina

The flag of the U.S. state of South Carolina has existed in some form since 1775, being based on one of the first Revolutionary War flags.

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Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) is an executive department of the government of Florida.

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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Fort Moultrie

Fort Moultrie is a series of fortifications on Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Friedrich von Berchtold

Count Friedrich Carl Eugen Vsemir von Berchtold, baron von Ungarschitz (Bedřich Karel Eugen Všemír Berchtold hrabě z Uherčic) (25 October 1781 – 3 April 1876), was a German-speaking Bohemian physician and botanist from Austrian descent.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools, and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (e.g., beds).

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Genetic marker

A genetic marker is a gene or DNA sequence with a known location on a chromosome that can be used to identify individuals or species.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Geonomeaa is a palm tribe in the subfamily Arecoideae.

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Glossary of botanical terms

This glossary of botanical terms is a list of terms relevant to botany and plants in general.

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Guihaia is a genus of three species of palms found in China and Vietnam.

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Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.

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In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Habitat destruction

Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.

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Hana Hou!

Hana Hou! is an American bi-monthly English language inflight magazine.

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Hawaiian Islands

The Hawaiian Islands (Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some from the island of Hawaiokinai in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll.

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Heart of palm

Heart of palm is a vegetable harvested from the inner core and growing bud of certain palm trees (notably the coconut (Cocos nucifera), palmito juçara (Euterpe edulis), Açaí palm (Euterpe oleracea), sabal (Sabal spp.), pupunha and pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes) palms).

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Homoplasy in biological systematics is when a trait has been gained or lost independently in separate lineages during evolution.

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Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).

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Human impact on the environment

Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.

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Hyophorbe amaricaulis

Hyophorbe amaricaulis (also known as Loneliest palm) is a species of palm tree of the order Arecales, family Arecaceae, subfamily Arecoideae, tribe Hyophorbeae.

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Hyphaene is a genus of palms native to Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, and the Indian Subcontinent.

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Hyphaene thebaica

Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.

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International Union for Conservation of Nature

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Iriarteeae is a palm tribe in the subfamily Arecoideae.

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Jan Svatopluk Presl

Jan Svatopluk Presl (4 September 1791 – 6 April 1849) was a Bohemian natural scientist.

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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jubaea is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae) with one species, Jubaea chilensis, or J. spectabilis, the Chilean wine palm or Chile cocopalm.

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Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.

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Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Land development

Land development is altering the landscape in any number of ways such as.

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Latania, commonly known as Latan palm or Latania palm, is a genus of flowering plant in the palm tree family, native to the Mascarene Islands in the western Indian Ocean.

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Late Cretaceous

The Late Cretaceous (100.5–66 Ma) is the younger of two epochs into which the Cretaceous period is divided in the geologic timescale.

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Licuala is a genus of palms, in the tribe Trachycarpeae, commonly found in tropical forests of southern China, Southeast Asia, the Himalayas, New Guinea and the western Pacific Ocean islands.

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Lime (material)

Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral in which oxides, and hydroxides predominate.

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List of Arecaceae genera

This is a list of all the genera in the botanical family Arecaceae, the palm tree family, arranged by tribes within the family.

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List of Arecaceae genera by alphabetical order

List of Arecaceae or Palmae genera arranged alphabetically.

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List of foliage plant diseases (Palmae)

This is a list of diseases of foliage plants belonging to the family Palmae.

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List of hardy palms

Hardy palms are any of the species of palm (Arecaceae) that are able to withstand brief periods of colder temperatures and even occasional snowfall.

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List of tree deities

A tree deity or tree spirit is a nature deity related to a tree.

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Livistona is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae), native to southern, southeastern and eastern Asia, Australasia, and the Horn of Africa.

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Lodoicea, commonly known as the sea coconut, coco de mer, or double coconut, is a monotypic genus in the palm family.

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Lulav (לולב) is a closed frond of the date palm tree.

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Maluku Islands

The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.

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Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.

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Mauritia is a genus of fan palms which is native to northern South America and to the Island of Trinidad in the Caribbean.

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Mauritia flexuosa

Mauritia flexuosa, known as the moriche palm, ité palm, ita, buriti, muriti, canangucho (Colombia), or aguaje (Peru), is a palm tree.

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Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

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Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.

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Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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Metroxylon is a genus of monoecious flowering plants in the Arecaceae (palm) family, consisting of seven species.

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Metroxylon sagu

Metroxylon sagu, the true sago palm, is a species of palm in the genus Metroxylon, native to tropical southeastern Asia, namely Indonesia (western New Guinea, and the Moluccas), Papua New Guinea, Malaysia (both Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak) and possibly also the Philippines (though may have been introduced there).

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Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

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In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.

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Vascular plants with monopodial growth habits grow upward from a single point.

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New Guinea

New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.

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The nikau (Maori: nīkau; Rhopalostylis sapida) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to New Zealand.

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North American Plant Protection Organization

The North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO), is the phytosanitary standard setting organization recognized by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

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Nypa fruticans

Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm (or simply nipa) or mangrove palm, is a species of palm native to the coastlines and estuarine habitats of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

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In geography, an oasis (plural: oases) is an isolated area in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source, such as a pond or small lake.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Order (biology)

In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.

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Ornamental plant

Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.

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Pacific Northwest

The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.

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Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Palaeoraphe is an extinct genus of palms, represented by one species, Palaeoraphe dominicana from early Miocene Burdigalian stage Dominican amber deposits on the island of Hispaniola.

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Palm branch

The palm branch is a symbol of victory, triumph, peace, and eternal life originating in the ancient Near East and Mediterranean world.

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Palm oil

Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.

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Palm Sunday

Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter.

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Palm syrup

Miel de palma (lit. palm honey, also palm syrup) is an edible sweet syrup produced from the sap of a number of palms.

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Palm wine

Palm wine is an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm tree such as the palmyra, date palms, and coconut palms.

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Palmoxylon (Petrified palmwood) is an extinct genus of palm named from petrified wood found around the world.

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Pandanus is a genus of monocots with some 750 accepted species.

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Pandanus spiralis

Pandanus spiralis is native to northern Australia.

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Paradise is the term for a place of timeless harmony.

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Parajubaea is a genus of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family, and coconut palm trees.

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In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.

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The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Phoenix (plant)

Phoenix is a genus of 14 species of palms, native to an area starting from the Canary Islands in the west, across northern and central Africa, to the extreme southeast of Europe (Crete), and continuing throughout southern Asia from Turkey east to southern China and Malaysia.

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Phoenix sylvestris

Phoenix sylvestris (sylvestris - Latin, of the forest) also known as silver date palm, Indian date, sugar date palm or wild date palm, is a species of flowering plant in the palm family native to southern Pakistan, most of India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and Bangladesh.

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Plant reproductive morphology

Plant reproductive morphology is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology) of those parts of plants directly or indirectly concerned with sexual reproduction.

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Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.

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Podococcus is a genus of palms found in tropical Africa.

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Postelsia palmaeformis, also known as the sea palm (not to be confused with the southern sea palm) or palm seaweed, is a species of kelp and classified within brown algae.

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Potassium deficiency (plants)

Potassium deficiency, also known as potash deficiency, is a plant disorder that is most common on light, sandy soils, because potassium ions (K+) are highly soluble and will easily leach from soils without colloids.

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The genus Pritchardia (Family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (subfamily Coryphoideae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii.

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The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).

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A raceme is an unbranched, indeterminate type of inflorescence bearing pedicellate flowers (flowers having short floral stalks called pedicels) along its axis.

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Raffia palm

Raffia palms (Raphia) are a genus of about twenty species of palms native to tropical regions of Africa, and especially Madagascar, with one species (R. taedigera) also occurring in Central and South America.

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Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.

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Rattan (from the Malay rotan) is the name for roughly 600 species of old world climbing palms belonging to subfamily Calamoideae (from the Greek 'kálamos'.

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Ravenala is a genus of flowering plants with a single species, Ravenala madagascariensis, commonly known as traveller's tree or traveller's palm, from Madagascar.

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Red palm mite

Raoiella indica, commonly known as the red palm mite, is a species of mite belonging to the family Tenuipalpidae.

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Rhapidophyllum hystrix, the needle palm, is a palm, the sole member of the genus Rhapidophyllum.

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Rhapis is a genus of about 10 species of small palms native to southeastern Asia from southern Japan and southern China south to Sumatra.

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Rhynchophorus ferrugineus

The palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is one of two species of snout beetle known as the red palm weevil, Asian palm weevil or sago palm weevil.

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Roystonea is a genus of eleven species of monoecious palms, native to the Caribbean Islands, and the adjacent coasts of the United States (Florida), Central America and northern South America.

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Roystonea palaea

Roystonea palaea is an extinct species of palm known from fossil flowers found in the early Miocene Burdigalian stage Dominican amber deposits on the island of Hispaniola.

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Sabal is a genus of New World palms, commonly known as palmettos.

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Sabal minor

Sabal minor, commonly known as the dwarf palmetto, is a small species of palm.

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Sabal palmetto

Sabal palmetto, also known as cabbage-palm, palmetto, cabbage palmetto, blue palmetto, Carolina palmetto, common palmetto, swamp cabbage and sabal palm, is one of 15 species of palmetto palm.

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Sago is a starch extracted from the spongy centre, or pith, of various tropical palm stems, especially that of Metroxylon sagu.

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Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.

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Salak (Salacca zalacca) is a species of palm tree (family Arecaceae) native to Java and Sumatra in Indonesia.

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Santa Monica, California

Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.

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Sap is a fluid transported in xylem cells (vessel elements or tracheids) or phloem sieve tube elements of a plant.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Seal of Florida

The Great Seal of the State of Florida is used to represent the government of the state of Florida, and for various official purposes, such as to seal official documents and legislation.

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Seal of Guam

The Seal of Guam appears in the middle of the flag of the United States territory of Guam.

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Secondary growth

In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.

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A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Serpentine soil

Serpentine soil is mostly derived from ultramafic rocks; In particular, serpentinite, a rock formed by the hydration and metamorphic transformation of peridotite.

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Setaria palmifolia

Setaria palmifolia is a species of grass known by the common names palmgrass, highland pitpit, hailans pitpit, short pitpit, broadleaved bristlegrass, and knotroot.

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South Carolina

South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Spadix (botany)

In botany, a spadix (plural spadices) is a type of spike inflorescence having small flowers borne on a fleshy stem.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Staple food

A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

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Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

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The Strelitziaceae comprise a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, very similar in appearance and growth habit to members of the related families Heliconiaceae and Musaceae (banana family).

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The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.

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Sukkot (סוכות or סֻכּוֹת,, commonly translated as Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of the Ingathering, traditional Ashkenazi pronunciation Sukkos or Succos, literally Feast of Booths) is a biblical Jewish holiday celebrated on the 15th day of the seventh month, Tishrei (varies from late September to late October).

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Syagrus (plant)

Syagrus is a genus of Arecaceae (palms), native to South America, with one species endemic to the Lesser Antilles.

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Syagrus romanzoffiana

Syagrus romanzoffiana, the queen palm or cocos palm, is a palm native to South America, from Paraguay and northern Argentina (mostly Misiones Province) north to western Brazil and northern Uruguay and west to eastern Bolivia.

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In botany, sympodial growth is a specialized lateral growth pattern in which the apical meristem is terminated and growth is continued by one or more lateral meristems, which repeat the process.

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Synapomorphy and apomorphy

In phylogenetics, apomorphy and synapomorphy refer to derived characters of a clade – characters or traits that are derived from ancestral characters over evolutionary history.

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Tamil language

Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.

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Thrinax is a genus in the palm family, native to the Caribbean.

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Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Trachycarpus is a genus of eleven species of palms native to Asia, from the Himalaya east to eastern China.

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Trachycarpus fortunei

Trachycarpus fortunei, the Chinese windmill palm, windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a palm native to central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of.

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Trachycarpus takil

Trachycarpus takil, with the common name Kumaon palm, is a fan palm tree that is endemic to the foothills of the Himalaya in southern Asia.

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In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Tree fern

The tree ferns are the ferns that grow with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level.

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Tree of life

The tree of life is a widespread myth (mytheme) or archetype in the world's mythologies, related to the concept of sacred tree more generally,Giovino, Mariana (2007).

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Trithrinax is a genus of flowering plants in the palm family (Arecaceae), which belongs to subfamily Coryphoideae.

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Tropical forest

Tropical forests are forested landscapes in tropical regions: i.e. land areas approximately bounded by the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, but possibly affected by other factors such as prevailing winds.

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The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.

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In forestry and ecology, understory (or understorey, underbrush, undergrowth) comprises plant life growing beneath the forest canopy without penetrating it to any great extent, but above the forest floor.

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Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

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Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials.

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Vascular cambium

The vascular cambium is the main growth layer in the stems and roots of many plants, specifically in dicots such as buttercups and oak trees, and gymnosperms such as pine trees.

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Veitchia is a genus of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family.

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Veitchia joannis

Veitchia joannis, or the Joannis palm, is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family.

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Washingtonia is a genus of palms, native to the southwestern United States (in southern California, southwest Arizona, Nevada, and Texas) and northwest Mexico (in northern Baja California and Sonora).

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Woody plant

A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue.

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World Wide Fund for Nature

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

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Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arecaceae

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