257 relations: Achaeans (Homer), Achiroe, Achlys, Acropolis, Actor (mythology), Adjective, Adrestia, Aeacus, Aegina (mythology), Aerope (daughter of Cepheus), Aggression, Aglaurus, daughter of Cecrops, Alala, Alcinous, Alcippe (Greek mythology), Alectryon (mythology), Allusion, Aloadae, Althaea (mythology), Amazons, Ancient Agora of Athens, Ancient Greek art, Ancient Greek literature, Androktasiai, Angelos (mythology), Anteros, Anthropomorphism, Antiope (Amazon), Aphrodite, Apollo, Apollonius of Rhodes, Areopagus, Argonautica, Ars Amatoria, Artemis, Ascalaphus, Asopus, Astyoche, Atalanta, Athena, Athens, Attica, Augustus, Babylonian religion, Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus), Billbergia pyramidalis, Biston, Black Sea, Boldness, Book People, ..., Britannia, Cadmus, Calliope, Chalybes, Chariot, Charites, Chryse (mythology), Chthonic, Classical Greece, Classical mythology, Coast, Colophon (city), Courage, Cult (religious practice), Cycnus, Daughters of Danaus, Deimos (deity), Demonice, Dike (mythology), Diomedes, Diomedes of Thrace, Dione (mythology), Dionysiaca, Dionysus, Divine law, Dog, Doric Greek, Dotis, Dryas (mythology), Echidna (mythology), Edonus, Eileithyia, Enyalius, Enyo, Eos, Epithet, Erinyes, Eris (mythology), Eros, Erotes, Ersa, Etiology, Evenus (mythology), Fasti (poem), Frankincense, Free will, Gaius Julius Hyginus, General officer, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Goddess, Google Books, Greek language, Greek mythology, Hadrian's Villa, Halirrhothius, Harmonia, Hebe (mythology), Hector, Helen of Troy, Helios, Helladic chronology, Hellenization, Helmet, Hephaestus, Hera, Heracles, Hermes, Herodotus, Hesiod, Hippolyta, Homados, Homer, Horae, Hyperbius, Hysminai, Ialmenus, Iliad, Indigenous peoples, Interpretatio graeca, Ionic Greek, Island, John Tzetzes, Juno (mythology), Kartikeya, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Keres, Knossos, Kydoimos, Latin literature, Liberty (goddess), Libya, Linear B, List of Greek mythological figures, List of knowledge deities, List of Roman deities, List of war deities, Litae, Loeb Classical Library, Lunar calendar, Lycastus, Lycophron, Macedonia (ancient kingdom), Macedonia (region), Machai, Mani Peninsula, Mars (mythology), Masculinity, Melanippe, Melanippus, Meleager, Metropolis (Anatolia), Military strategy, Minos, Moirai, Mount Olympus, Muses, Mycenaean Greek, Mygdon (son of Ares), Neoclassicism, Nergal, Nike (mythology), Nisos, Nonnus, Norse mythology, Odyssey, Oenomaus, Origin myth, Otrera, Ovid, Oxylus, Palioxis, Pandia, Parthenopeus, Paul the Apostle, Pausanias (geographer), Pelopia, Peloponnesian War, Penthesilea, Persephone, Perseus, Phlegyas, Phobos (mythology), Polemos, Polyhymnia, Polyphonte, Porthaon, Poseidon, Pre-Greek substrate, Proioxis, Proper noun, Proto-Indo-European language, Protogeneia, Pseudo-Plutarch, Pyrene (mythology), Quintus Smyrnaeus, Religion in ancient Rome, Renaissance, Rhadamanthus, Rhesus of Thrace, Richmond Lattimore, Righteous indignation, Robert Fagles, Robert S. P. Beekes, Roman Empire, Roman temple, Rooster, Scholia, Shield, Shield of Heracles, Sinope (mythology), Sithon (mythology), Solymus, Sparta, Spartoi, Spear, Statius, Stephanus of Byzantium, Sterope (Pleiad), Strymon (mythology), Sword, Týr, Telphusa, Temple of Ares, Tereus, Thebes, Greece, Themis, Theogony, Therapnes, Thero (Greek mythology), Thestius, Thrace, Thracians, Thrax (mythology), Triptolemus, Triteia, Trojan War, Troy, Turkey, Tutelary deity, Twelve Olympians, Tylos, University of Oslo, Vulture, Walter Burkert, Western culture, Wild boar, Zeus. Expand index (207 more) » « Shrink index
The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί Akhaioí, "the Achaeans" or "of Achaea") constitute one of the collective names for the Greeks in Homer's Iliad (used 598 times) and Odyssey.
Achiroë or Anchirrhoë (Greek: Ἀχιρ(ρ)όη), or according to the Bibliotheca Anchinoë (Ἀγχινόη), which is perhaps a mistake for Anchiroë, was in Greek mythology a naiad, a daughter of the river-god Nilus.
In Greek mythology, Achlys (Greek language: Ἀχλύς "mist") according to some ancient cosmogonies, the eternal Night before Chaos, also symbol mist of death.
An acropolis (Ancient Greek: ἀκρόπολις, tr. Akrópolis; from ákros (άκρος) or ákron (άκρον) "highest, topmost, outermost" and pólis "city"; plural in English: acropoles, acropoleis or acropolises) is a settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense.
Actor (Ancient Greek: Ἄκτωρ; gen.: Ἄκτoρος Aktoros) is a very common name in Greek mythology.
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Adrestia (Ancient Greek: Ἀδρήστεια) in Greek mythology 'she who cannot be escaped' is the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite and known to accompany her father Ares to war.
Aeacus (also spelled Eacus; Ancient Greek: Αἰακός) was a mythological king of the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.
Aegina (Αἴγινα) was a figure of Greek mythology, the nymph of the island that bears her name, Aegina, lying in the Saronic Gulf between Attica and the Peloponnesos.
In Greek mythology, Aerope (Ancient Greek: Ἀερόπη) was a daughter of Cepheus of Arcadia.
Aggression is overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual.
Aglaurus (Ancient Greek: Ἄγλαυρος) or Agraulus (Ancient Greek: Ἄγραυλος) was in Greek mythology, an Athenian princess.
Alala (Ancient Greek: Ἀλαλά (alalá); "battle-cry" or "war-cry"), was the personification of the war cry in Greek mythology.
Alcinous (Ἀλκίνους or Ἀλκίνοος, Alkínoös) was, in Greek mythology, a son of Nausithous, or of Phaeax (the son of Poseidon and Corcyra), and father of Nausicaa, Halius, Clytoneus and Laodamas with Arete.
Alcippe (Ἀλκίππη, Alkippē) was a name attributed to a number of figures in Greek mythology.
Alectryon (ἀλεκτρυών) is the Ancient Greek word for "rooster".
Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.
In Greek mythology, the Aloadae or Aloads (Ἀλωάδαι Aloadai) were Otus (or Otos) (Ὦτος) and Ephialtes (Ἐφιάλτης), sons of Iphimedia, wife of Aloeus, by Poseidon, whom she induced to make her pregnant by going to the seashore and disporting herself in the surf or scooping seawater into her bosom.
Althaea or Althea (Ἀλθαία Althaía "healer; also a kind of mallow") was the queen of Calydon in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ἀμαζόνες,, singular Ἀμαζών) were a tribe of women warriors related to Scythians and Sarmatians.
The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens is the best-known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill.
Ancient Greek art stands out among that of other ancient cultures for its development of naturalistic but idealized depictions of the human body, in which largely nude male figures were generally the focus of innovation.
Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.
In Greek mythology, the Androktasiai (Ancient Greek: Ἀνδροκτασίαι; singular: Androktasia) were the female personifications of manslaughter, and daughters of the goddess of strife and discord, Eris.
In Greek mythology, Angelos (Ἄγγελος) or Angelia (Ἀγγελία) was a daughter of Zeus and Hera who became known as a chthonic deity.
In Greek mythology, Anteros (Ἀντέρως, Antérōs) was the god of requited love, literally "love returned" or "counter-love" and also the punisher of those who scorn love and the advances of others, or the avenger of unrequited love.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
In Greek mythology, Antiope (Ancient Greek: Ἀντιόπη derived from αντι anti "against, compared to, like" and οψ ops "voice") was an Amazon, daughter of Ares and sister to Melanippe, Hippolyta, Penthesilea and possibly Orithyia, queens of the Amazons.
Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
Apollonius of Rhodes (Ἀπολλώνιος Ῥόδιος Apollṓnios Rhódios; Apollonius Rhodius; fl. first half of 3rd century BCE), was an ancient Greek author, best known for the Argonautica, an epic poem about Jason and the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece.
The Areopagus is a prominent rock outcropping located northwest of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.
The Argonautica (translit) is a Greek epic poem written by Apollonius Rhodius in the 3rd century BC.
The Ars amatoria (The Art of Love) is an instructional elegy series in three books by the ancient Roman poet Ovid.
Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.
The name Ascalaphus (Ancient Greek: Ἀσκάλαφος Askalaphos) is shared by two people in Greek mythology.
Asopus (Ἀσωπός Asôpos) is the name of four different rivers in Greece and one in Turkey.
The name Astyoche (Ἀστυόχη) or Astyocheia was attributed to the following individuals in Greek mythology.
Atalanta (Ἀταλάντη Atalantē) is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.
Athena; Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā or Athene,; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē often given the epithet Pallas,; Παλλὰς is the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare, who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Attica (Αττική, Ancient Greek Attikḗ or; or), or the Attic peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of present-day Greece.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Babylonian religion is the religious practice of Babylonia.
The Bibliotheca (Βιβλιοθήκη Bibliothēkē, "Library"), also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.
Billbergia pyramidalis, commonly known as the Flaming torch, is a species of bromeliad that is native to Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana, the Lesser Antilles and Cuba.
In Greek mythology, Biston (Ancient Greek: Βίστων or Βιστών) was the son of Ares and Callirrhoe, daughter of river-god Nestus.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Boldness is the opposite of fearfulness.
Book People is a discount bookseller based in Godalming, Surrey, UK.
Britannia has been used in several different senses.
In Greek mythology, Cadmus (Κάδμος Kadmos), was the founder and first king of Thebes.
In Greek mythology, Calliope (Καλλιόπη, Kalliopē "beautiful-voiced") is the muse who presides over eloquence and epic poetry; so called from the ecstatic harmony of her voice.
The Chalybes (Χάλυβες, Χάλυβοι) or Chaldoi (Χάλδοι) were a people mentioned by Classical authors as living in Pontus and Cappadocia in northern Anatolia during Classical Antiquity.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
In Greek mythology, a Charis (Χάρις) or Grace is one of three or more minor goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertility, together known as the Charites (Χάριτες) or Graces.
In Greek mythology, the name Chryse (Χρύση or Χρυσῆ "golden") may refer to.
Chthonic (from translit, "in, under, or beneath the earth", from χθών italic "earth") literally means "subterranean", but the word in English describes deities or spirits of the underworld, especially in Ancient Greek religion.
Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
Classical Greco-Roman mythology, Greek and Roman mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is both the body of and the study of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans as they are used or transformed by cultural reception.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
Colophon (Κολοφών) was an ancient city in Ionia.
Courage (also called bravery or valour) is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.
Cult is literally the "care" (Latin cultus) owed to deities and to temples, shrines, or churches.
In Greek mythology, multiple characters were known as Cycnus (Κύκνος) or Cygnus.
In Greek mythology, the Daughters of Danaus (Δαναΐδες), also Danaids, Danaides or Danaïdes, were the fifty daughters of Danaus.
Deimos (Δεῖμος,, meaning “dread”) is the god of terror in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Demonice (Δημονίκη) is the name of two women.
In ancient Greek culture, Dike or Dice (or; Greek: Δίκη, "Justice") was the goddess of justice and the spirit of moral order and fair judgement based on immemorial custom, in the sense of socially enforced norms and conventional rules.
Diomedes (Jones, Daniel; Roach, Peter, James Hartman and Jane Setter, eds. Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary. 17th edition. Cambridge UP, 2006. or) or Diomede (God-like cunning, advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, known for his participation in the Trojan War.
King Diomedes of Thrace (Διομήδης) was the son of Ares and Cyrene.
Dione (Διώνη Dios "She-Zeus" or dios "divine one") is the name of four women in ancient Greek mythology, and one in the Phoenician mythology of Sanchuniathon.
The Dionysiaca (Διονυσιακά, Dionysiaká) is an ancient Greek epic poem and the principal work of Nonnus.
Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.
Divine law is any law that is understood as deriving from a transcendent source, such as the will of God or gods, in contrast to man-made law.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Doric, or Dorian, was an Ancient Greek dialect.
In Greek mythology, Dotis (Ancient Greek: Δωτίδος) is a name that may refer to.
Dryas (Δρύας, gen. Δρύαντος, from δρῦς "oak") is the name of ten characters in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Echidna (Ἔχιδνα., "She-Viper") was a monster, half-woman and half-snake, who lived alone in a cave.
In Greek mythology, Edonus (Ἠδωνός) was the ancestor of the Edonians in Thrace and Thracian Macedonia.
Eileithyia or Ilithyia (Εἰλείθυια;,Ἐλεύθυια (Eleuthyia) in Crete, also Ἐλευθία (Eleuthia) or Ἐλυσία (Elysia) in Laconia and Messene, and Ἐλευθώ (Eleuthō) in literature) was the Greek goddess of childbirth and midwifery.
Enyalius or Enyalios (Greek: Ἐνυάλιος) in Greek mythology is generally a son of Ares by Enyo and also a byname of Ares the god of war.
Enyo (Ancient Greek: Ἐνυώ) was a goddess of war in Classical Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Eos (Ionic and Homeric Greek Ἠώς Ēōs, Attic Ἕως Éōs, "dawn", or; Aeolic Αὔως Aúōs, Doric Ἀώς Āṓs) is a Titaness and the goddess of the dawn, who rose each morning from her home at the edge of the Oceanus.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
In Greek mythology the Erinyes (sing. Erinys; Ἐρῑνύες, pl. of Ἐρῑνύς, Erinys), also known as the Furies, were female chthonic deities of vengeance; they were sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (χθόνιαι θεαί).
Eris (Ἔρις, "Strife") is the Greek goddess of strife and discord.
In Greek mythology, Eros (Ἔρως, "Desire") was the Greek god of sexual attraction.
The Erotes are a collective of winged gods associated with love and sexual intercourse in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Ersa or Herse (Ἔρσα Érsa, Ἕρση Hérsē, literally "dew") is the goddess of dew and the daughter of Zeus and the Moon (Selene), sister of Pandia and half-sister to Endymion's 50 daughters.
Etiology (alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination.
Evenus is the name of two characters in Greek mythology.
The Fasti (Fastorum Libri Sex, "Six Books of the Calendar"), sometimes translated as The Book of Days or On the Roman Calendar, is a six-book Latin poem written by the Roman poet Ovid and published in 8 AD.
Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.
Gaius Julius Hyginus (64 BC – AD 17) was a Latin author, a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor, and a freedman of Caesar Augustus.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
A goddess is a female deity.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Hadrian's Villa (Villa Adriana in Italian) is a large Roman archaeological complex at Tivoli, Italy.
Halirrhothius (Ἁλιρρόθιος) was the son of Poseidon and Euryte (or Bathycleia) in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Harmonia (Ἁρμονία) is the immortal goddess of harmony and concord.
Hebe (Ἥβη) in ancient Greek religion, is the goddess of youth (Roman equivalent: Juventas).
In Greek mythology and Roman mythology, Hector (Ἕκτωρ Hektōr) was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War.
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, or simply Helen, was said to have been the most beautiful woman in the world, who was married to King Menelaus of Sparta, but was kidnapped by Prince Paris of Troy, resulting in the Trojan War when the Achaeans set out to reclaim her and bring her back to Sparta.
Helios (Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology.
Helladic chronology is a relative dating system used in archaeology and art history.
Hellenization or Hellenisation is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.
A helmet is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head from injuries.
Hephaestus (eight spellings; Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos) is the Greek god of blacksmiths, metalworking, carpenters, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metallurgy, fire, and volcanoes.
Hera (Ἥρᾱ, Hērā; Ἥρη, Hērē in Ionic and Homeric Greek) is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in Ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and the sister-wife of Zeus.
Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.
Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
Hesiod (or; Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos) was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.
In Classical Greek mythology, Hippolyta (Ἱππολύτη Hippolyte) was the Amazonian queen who possessed a magical girdle that was given to her by her father, Ares, the god of war.
In Greek mythology, Homados (Όμαδος) was the personification of battle-noise.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
In Greek mythology the Horae or Horai or Hours (Ὧραι, Hōrai,, "Seasons") were the goddesses of the seasons and the natural portions of time.
In Greek mythology, the name Hyperbius (Ὑπέρβιος, Ὑpérvios) may refer to.
The Hysminai (Ancient Greek: ὑσμῖναι; singular: ὑσμίνη hysmine "battle, conflict, combat") are figures in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Ialmenus or Ialmenos was a son of Ares and Astyoche, and twin brother of Ascalaphus.
The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Interpretatio graeca (Latin, "Greek translation" or "interpretation by means of Greek ") is a discourse in which ancient Greek religious concepts and practices, deities, and myths are used to interpret or attempt to understand the mythology and religion of other cultures.
Ionic Greek was a subdialect of the Attic–Ionic or Eastern dialect group of Ancient Greek (see Greek dialects).
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
John Tzetzes (Ἰωάννης Τζέτζης, Ioánnis Tzétzis; c. 1110, Constantinople – 1180, Constantinople) was a Byzantine poet and grammarian who is known to have lived at Constantinople in the 12th century.
Juno (Latin: IVNO, Iūnō) is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state.
Kartikeya (IAST), also known as Murugan, Skanda, Kumara, and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war.
Kathleen Ni Houlihan (Caitlín Ní Uallacháin, literally, "Kathleen, daughter of Houlihan") is a mythical symbol and emblem of Irish nationalism found in literature and art, sometimes representing Ireland as a personified woman.
In Greek mythology, the Keres (Κῆρες), singular Ker (Κήρ), were female death-spirits.
Knossos (also Cnossos, both pronounced; Κνωσός, Knōsós) is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe's oldest city.
Cydoemus (Κυδοιμός Kudoimós) was the personification of the din of battle, confusion, uproar and hubbub.
Latin literature includes the essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings written in the Latin language.
Liberty is a loose term in English for the goddess or personification of the concept of liberty, and is represented by the Roman Goddess Libertas, by Marianne, the national symbol of France, and by many others.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
The following is a list of gods, goddesses and many other divine and semi-divine figures from Ancient Greek mythology and Ancient Greek religion.
A knowledge deity is a deity in mythology associated with knowledge, wisdom, or intelligence.
The Roman deities most familiar today are those the Romans identified with Greek counterparts (see interpretatio graeca), integrating Greek myths, iconography, and sometimes religious practices into Roman culture, including Latin literature, Roman art, and religious life as it was experienced throughout the Empire.
A war deity is a god or goddess in mythology associated with war, combat, or bloodshed.
Litae (Λιταί meaning 'Prayers') are personifications in Greek mythology.
The Loeb Classical Library (LCL; named after James Loeb) is a series of books, today published by Harvard University Press, which presents important works of ancient Greek and Latin literature in a way designed to make the text accessible to the broadest possible audience, by presenting the original Greek or Latin text on each left-hand page, and a fairly literal translation on the facing page.
A lunar calendar is a calendar based upon the monthly cycles of the Moon's phases (synodic months), in contrast to solar calendars, whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.
In Greek mythology, the name Lycastus (Λύκαστος) may refer to.
Lycophron (Λυκόφρων ὁ Χαλκιδεύς) was a Hellenistic Greek tragic poet, grammarian, and commentator on comedy, to whom the poem Alexandra is attributed (perhaps falsely).
Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
Macedonia is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe.
In Greek mythology, the Machai, Makhai, or Machae (Μάχαι, "battles"; singular: Μάχη Machê) were the daemons (spirits) of battle and combat, and were sons or daughters of Eris, siblings to other vicious personifications like the Hysminai, the Androktasiai, and the Phonoi.
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In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and men.
In Greek mythology, Melanippe (Ancient Greek: Μελανίππη, "black mare") referred to several different people.
In Greek mythology, there were eleven people named Melanippus (Μελάνιππος, Melánippos).
In Greek mythology, Meleager (Meléagros) was a hero venerated in his temenos at Calydon in Aetolia.
The classical city of Metropolis is situated in western Turkey near Yeniköy village in Torbali municipality - approximately 40 km SE of Izmir.
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
In Greek mythology, Minos (Μίνως, Minōs) was the first King of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa.
In Greek mythology, the Moirai or Moerae or (Μοῖραι, "apportioners"), often known in English as the Fates (Fata, -orum (n)), were the white-robed incarnations of destiny; their Roman equivalent was the Parcae (euphemistically the "sparing ones").
Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος Olympos, for Modern Greek also transliterated Olimbos, or) is the highest mountain in Greece.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece.
In Greek mythology, Mygdon (Ancient Greek: Μύγδων) was the son of Ares and muse Calliope.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
Nergal, Nirgal, or Nirgali (Sumerian: dGÌR-UNUG-GAL;; Aramaic ܢܹܪܓܵܐܠ; Nergel) was a deity worshipped throughout Mesopotamia (Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia) with the main seat of his worship at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim.
In ancient Greek religion, Nike (Νίκη, "Victory") was a goddess who personified victory.
In Greek mythology, Nisos was the King of Megara, and one of the four sons of Pandion II, King of Athens.
Nonnus of Panopolis (Νόννος ὁ Πανοπολίτης, Nónnos ho Panopolítēs) was a Greek epic poet of Hellenized Egypt of the Imperial Roman era.
Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
In Greek mythology, King Oenomaus (also Oenamaus; Οἱνόμαος, Oἱnómaos) of Pisa, the father of Hippodamia, was the son of Ares, either by the naiad Harpina (daughter of the river god Phliasian Asopus, the armed (harpe) spirit of a spring near Pisa) or by Sterope, one of the Pleiades, whom some identify as his consort instead.
An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.
In Greek mythology, Otrera (Οτρηρη Otrērē) was a Queen of the Amazons; the daughter of Eurus (the east wind), consort of Ares and mother of Hippolyta, Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
In Greek mythology, Oxylus (Ὄξυλος, Oxulos) may refer to.
In Greek mythology, Palioxis (Παλίωξις) was the personification of backrush, flight and retreat in battle (as opposed to Proioxis).
In Greek mythology, the goddess Pandia or Pandeia (Πανδία, Πανδεία, meaning "all brightness") was a daughter of Zeus and the goddess Selene, the Greek personification of the moon.
For the hero of mediaeval romance, see Partonopeus de Blois In Greek mythology, Parthenopeus or Parthenopaeus (Παρθενοπαῖος, Parthenopaῖos) was one of the Seven Against Thebes, a native of Arcadia, described as young and outstandingly good-looking, but at the same time arrogant, ruthless and over-confident, although an unproblematic ally for the Argives.
Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.
Pausanias (Παυσανίας Pausanías; c. AD 110 – c. 180) was a Greek traveler and geographer of the second century AD, who lived in the time of Roman emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.
In Greek mythology, Pelopia (or Pelopea or Pelopeia; Πελόπεια) was a name attributed to four individuals.
The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
Penthesilea (Πενθεσίλεια, Penthesileia) was an Amazonian queen in Greek mythology, the daughter of Ares and Otrera and the sister of Hippolyta, Antiope and Melanippe.
In Greek mythology, Persephone (Περσεφόνη), also called Kore ("the maiden"), is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and is the queen of the underworld.
In Greek mythology, Perseus (Περσεύς) is the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty, who, alongside Cadmus and Bellerophon, was the greatest Greek hero and slayer of monsters before the days of Heracles.
Phlegyas (Φλεγύας), son of Ares and Chryse or Dotis, was king of the Lapiths in Greek mythology.
Phobos (Φόβος,, meaning "fear") is the personification of fear in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Polemos (Πόλεμος; "war") was a Daemon; a divine personification or embodiment of war.
Polyhymnia (Πολυύμνια; "the one of many hymns"), also spelt Polymnia (Πολύμνια) was in Greek mythology the Muse of sacred poetry, sacred hymn, dance, and eloquence as well as agriculture and pantomime.
Polyphonte (Ancient Greek: Πολυφόντη ""slayer of many") is a character in Greek mythology, transformed into an owl.
In Greek mythology, Porthaon (Πορθάων, genitive Πορθάονος), sometimes referred to as Parthaon or Portheus (seems related to the verb portheō and perthō, "destroy'), was the king of Calydon, husband of Euryte and father of Oeneus, Agrius, Alcathous, Melas, Leucopeus and Sterope, also of the Argonaut Laocoön by an unnamed female servant, or by Euryte too.
Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth.
The Pre-Greek substrate (or Pre-Greek substratum) consists of the unknown language or languages spoken in prehistoric ancient Greece before the settlement of Proto-Hellenic speakers in the area.
In Greek mythology, Proioxis (Προΐωξις) was the personification of onrush in battle (as opposed to Palioxis).
A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Protogeneia (Ancient Greek: Πρωτογένεια "the firstborn"), in Greek mythology, may refer to.
Pseudo-Plutarch is the conventional name given to the actual, but unknown, authors of a number of pseudepigrapha (falsely attributed works) attributed to Plutarch but now known to have not been written by him.
In Greek mythology, Pyrene (Πυρήνη) may refer to.
Quintus Smyrnaeus or Quintus of Smyrna, also known as Kointos Smyrnaios (Κόϊντος Σμυρναῖος), was a Greek epic poet whose Posthomerica, following "after Homer" continues the narration of the Trojan War.
Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
In Greek mythology, Rhadamanthus or Rhadamanthys (Ῥαδάμανθυς) was a wise king of Crete.
Rhesus (Ῥῆσος, Rhêsos) is a fictional Thracian king in Iliad, Book X, who fought on the side of Trojans.
Richmond Alexander Lattimore (May 6, 1906 – February 26, 1984) was an American poet and classicist known for his translations of the Greek classics, especially his versions of the Iliad and Odyssey, which are generally considered as among the best English translations available.
Righteous indignation is typically a reactive emotion of anger over mistreatment, insult, or malice of another.
Robert Fagles (September 11, 1933 – March 26, 2008) was an American professor, poet, and academic, best known for his many translations of ancient Greek and Roman classics, especially his acclaimed translations of the epic poems of Homer.
Robert Stephen Paul Beekes (2 September 1937 – 21 September 2017) was Emeritus Professor of Comparative Indo-European Linguistics at Leiden University and the author of many monographs on the Proto-Indo-European language.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Ancient Roman temples were among the most important buildings in Roman culture, and some of the richest buildings in Roman architecture, though only a few survive in any sort of complete state.
A rooster, also known as a gamecock, a cockerel or cock, is a male gallinaceous bird, usually a male chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus).
Scholia (singular scholium or scholion, from σχόλιον, "comment, interpretation") are grammatical, critical, or explanatory comments, either original or extracted from pre-existing commentaries, which are inserted on the margin of the manuscript of an ancient author, as glosses.
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm.
An early 5th-century BCE depiction of Heracles (left) fighting Cycnus (Attic black-figure amphora, found at Nola) The Shield of Heracles (Ἀσπὶς Ἡρακλέους, Aspis Hērakleous) is an archaic Greek epic poem that was attributed to Hesiod during antiquity.
In Greek Mythology, Sinope (Greek: Σινώπη) was one of the daughters of Asopus and thought to be an eponym of the city Sinope on the Black Sea.
In Greek mythology, Sithon (or; Σίθων) was a king of the Odomanti or Hadomanti in Thrace, and presumably the eponym of the peninsula Sithonia and the tribe Sithones.
In Greek mythology, Solymus (Solymos) was the ancestral hero and eponym of the tribe Solymi in Pisidia, Lycia.
Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece.
In Greek mythology, Spartoi (also Sparti) (Σπαρτοί, literal translation: "sown ", from σπείρω, speírō, "to sow") are a mythical people who sprang up from the dragon's teeth sown by Cadmus and were believed to be the ancestors of the Theban nobility.
A spear is a pole weapon consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a pointed head.
Publius Papinius Statius (c. 45c. 96 AD) was a Roman poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
Stephen of Byzantium, also known as Stephanus Byzantinus (Greek: Στέφανος Βυζάντιος; fl. 6th century AD), was the author of an important geographical dictionary entitled Ethnica (Ἐθνικά).
In Greek mythology, Sterope (Στερόπη), also called Asterope (Ἀστερόπη), was one of the seven Pleiades (the daughters of Atlas and Pleione, born to them at Mount Cyllene in Arcadia) and the wife of Oenomaus (or, according to some accounts, his mother by Ares).
For the river, see Strymon/Struma Strymon, son of Oceanus and Tethys, was a river god and king of Thrace.
A sword is a bladed weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger.
Týr (Old Norse: Týr short.
Telphusa is a genus of moth in the family Gelechiidae.
The Temple of Ares was a building located in the northern part of the Ancient Agora of Athens.
In Greek mythology, Tereus was a Thracian king,Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War 2:29 the son of Ares and husband of Procne.
Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai,;. Θήβα, Thíva) is a city in Boeotia, central Greece.
Themis (Ancient Greek: Θέμις) is an ancient Greek Titaness.
The Theogony (Θεογονία, Theogonía,, i.e. "the genealogy or birth of the gods") is a poem by Hesiod (8th – 7th century BC) describing the origins and genealogies of the Greek gods, composed c. 700 BC.
Therapnes (Θεράπνες), in ancient times Therapne (Θεράπνη), is a municipal unit (dimotiki enotita) of the municipality (dimos) of Sparti within the regional unit (perifereiaki enotita) of Laconia in the region (perifereia) of Peloponnese, one of 13 regions into which Greece has been divided.
In Greek mythology, the name Thero (Θηρώ "feral, beastly") may refer to.
In Greek mythology, Thestius or Thestios (Θέστιος) was a king of Pleuronians in Aetolia.
Thrace (Modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakiya; Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east.
The Thracians (Θρᾷκες Thrāikes; Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
In Greek mythology, Thrax (Θρᾷξ; by his name simply the quintessential Thracian) was regarded as one of the reputed sons of Ares.
Triptolemus (Τριπτόλεμος, Triptólemos, lit. "threefold warrior"; also known as Buzyges), in Greek mythology always connected with Demeter of the Eleusinian Mysteries, might be accounted the son of King Celeus of Eleusis in Attica, or, according to the Pseudo-Apollodorus (Bibliotheca I.V.2), the son of Gaia and Oceanus—another way of saying he was "primordial man".
Triteia was, in Greek mythology, the daughter of the sea-god Triton and mother of Melanippus by Ares.
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
A tutelary (also tutelar) is a deity or spirit who is a guardian, patron, or protector of a particular place, geographic feature, person, lineage, nation, culture, or occupation.
relief (1st century BCendash1st century AD) depicting the twelve Olympians carrying their attributes in procession; from left to right, Hestia (scepter), Hermes (winged cap and staff), Aphrodite (veiled), Ares (helmet and spear), Demeter (scepter and wheat sheaf), Hephaestus (staff), Hera (scepter), Poseidon (trident), Athena (owl and helmet), Zeus (thunderbolt and staff), Artemis (bow and quiver), Apollo (lyre), from the Walters Art Museum.Walters Art Museum, http://art.thewalters.org/detail/38764 accession number 23.40. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus.
Tylos was the name used by the Greeks to refer to Bahrain, as the centre of pearl trading, when Nearchus came to discover it serving under Alexander the Great.
The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo), until 1939 named the Royal Frederick University (Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet), is the oldest university in Norway, located in the Norwegian capital of Oslo.
A vulture is a scavenging bird of prey.
Walter Burkert (born 2 February 1931, Neuendettelsau; died 11 March 2015, Zurich) was a German scholar of Greek mythology and cult.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.