150 relations: Abdolrahim Mousavi, Abu Musa and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs conflict, Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Ahmad Reza Pourdastan, Air University (United States Air Force), Aircraftman, Ali Fadavi, Ali Khamenei, Amir Ali Hajizadeh, Amir Hatami, Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, Armoured personnel carrier, Ataollah Salehi, Basij, BBC, Bell Helicopter, Biological Weapons Convention, BM-21 Grad, Boeing Insitu ScanEagle, Brigadier general, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Chemical weapon, Chemical Weapons Convention, China, Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces, Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Cyberwarfare, Daily Mail, Defense Industries Organization, Defense industry of Iran, Dhofar Rebellion, Equipment of the Iranian Army, Fajr-3 (missile), Farzad Esmaili, Fateh-110, Fighter aircraft, General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Genetic engineering, Ghadr-110, Gholamhossein Gheybparvar, Ground Forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Gulf War, Hassan Shahsafi, Hoot (torpedo), Hossein Ashtari, Hossein Khanzadi, Hossein Salami, I24NEWS, ..., Insurgency in Balochistan, International Institute for Strategic Studies, International military intervention against ISIL, Iran, Iran Aviation Industries Organization, Iran crisis of 1946, Iran Electronics Industries, Iran–Contra affair, Iran–Iraq War, Iran–PJAK conflict, Iran–U.S. RQ-170 incident, Iranian Revolution, Iranian Space Agency, Iranian underground missile bases, Iraq War, Iraqi Civil War (2014–present), Iraqi Kurdish Civil War, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran Air Defense Force, Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, Islamic Republic of Iran Army, Islamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces, Islamic Republic of Iran Navy, Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Israel, Jane's Defence Weekly, John Abizaid, Juan Cole, Kashmar, Kioumars Heydari, Kowsar, Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Life (magazine), List of aircraft of the Iranian Air Force, List of current ships of the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy, List of Iranian two-star generals since 1979, List of military equipment manufactured in Iran, Litton Industries, Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel, Major general, Marines, Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini, Military history of Iran, Military simulation, Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics (Iran), Missile, Mohammad Ali Jafari, Mohammad Bagheri (Iranian commander), Mohammad Hejazi, Mohammad Pakpour, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Naval mine, Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Northrop Corporation, Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran, Operation Praying Mantis, Operation Prime Chance, Pahlavi dynasty, Persian Gulf, Peshmerga, Politics of Iran, Preemptive war, Qasem Soleimani, Quds Force, Radar, Rank insignia of the Iranian military, Royal Navy, RPG-7, Ruhollah Khomeini, Sea lane, Shah, Shahab-2, Shahab-3, Shahab-4, Shatt al-Arab, Soviet Union, Special forces, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sulfur mustard, Syrian Civil War, Tank, Twitter, United Arab Emirates, United Press International, United States, United States Central Command, United States Congress, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Vaccine, Warhead, Weapon of mass destruction, Yahya Rahim Safavi, YouTube, Zanjan, Iran, 2001 uprising in Herat, 2004 Iranian seizure of Royal Navy personnel, 2007 Iranian arrest of Royal Navy personnel, 2016 U.S.–Iran naval incident, 65th Airborne Special Forces Brigade (Iran), 9K32 Strela-2. Expand index (100 more) » « Shrink index
Seyyed Abdolrahim Mousavi (Persian: سید عبدالرحیم موسوی) is an Iranian military officer who is currently Commander-in-Chief of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army since 21 August 2017.
On 30 November 1971, when British forces withdrew from the islands of Abu Musa, Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb in the Strait of Hormuz, Iranian marines moved in to take back territorial control of the islands after British occupation.
The Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (AFAGIR), known in the United States as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Force (IRGC AF), is the air force within the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
Ahmad Reza Pourdastan (احمدرضا پوردستان) is an Iranian general currently serving as Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Iran.
The Air University (AU), headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, is a key component of the Air Education and Training Command (AETC), and is the U.S. Air Force's center for professional military education (PME).
Aircraftman (AC) or aircraftwoman (ACW) is the lowest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the air forces of several other Commonwealth countries.
Ali Fadavi (علی فدوی) is commander of Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and appointed since 2010.
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنهای,; born 17 July 1939) is a ''marja'' and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, in office since 1989.
Amir Ali Hajizadeh (امیرعلی حاجیزاده) is commander of Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps since October 2009.
Amir Hatami (امیر حاتمی) is an Iranian regular army (''Artesh'') officer with the rank of Brigadier general and the current minister of defense of Iran.
The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, also known as Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia, was the invasion of the Imperial State of Iran during the Second World War by Soviet, British and other Commonwealth armed forces.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Seyyed Ataollah Salehi (سيد عطاءالله صالحی; born 9 March 1950) is the former and third commander-in-chief of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army, serving from 2005 until 2017.
The Basij (بسيج, lit. "The Mobilization"), Niruyeh Moghavemat Basij (نیروی مقاومت بسیج, "Mobilisation Resistance Force"), full name Sāzmān-e Basij-e Mostaz'afin (سازمان بسیج مستضعفین, "The Organization for Mobilization of the Oppressed"), is one of the five forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Bell Helicopter Textron Inc. is an American aerospace manufacturer headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas.
The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (usually referred to as the Biological Weapons Convention, abbreviation: BWC, or Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, abbreviation: BTWC) was the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of weapons.
The BM-21 "Grad" (БМ-21 "Град"), is a Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher.
The Boeing Insitu ScanEagle is a small, long-endurance, low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) built by Insitu, a subsidiary of Boeing, and is used for reconnaissance.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is an American think tank based in Washington, D.C., in the United States.
The Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a non-profit organization based in Indonesia which has served as a think tank for the government on social, international, political and economical issues.
A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty that outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Farmandeye Koll-e Qova (فرمانده کل قوا), formerly known as Bozorg Arteshtaran (بزرگارتشتاران), is the supreme commanding authority of all the Armed Forces of Iran and the highest possible military position within the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The consolidation of the Iranian Revolution refers to a turbulent process of Islamic Republic stabilization, following the completion of the revolution.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.
Cyberwarfare is the use or targeting in a battlespace or warfare context of computers, online control systems and networks.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
The Defense Industries Organization (DIO) is a conglomerate of companies run by the Islamic Republic of Iran whose function is to provide the military of Iran with the necessary manufacturing capacity and technical abilities.
Iran's military industry manufactures various types of arms and military equipment.
The Dhofar Rebellion (ثورة ظفار), also known as the War in Dhofar (الحرب في ظفار) or the Omani Civil War (الحرب الأهلية العمانية), was launched in the province of Dhofar against the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, which had Iranian and British support, from 1962 to 1976.
From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was mostly equipped with Western hardware.
The Iranian-made Fajr-3 (فجر-۳, meaning "dawn") is believed to be a medium-range ballistic missile with an unknown range (estimated 2,000 km, 1,250 miles).
Farzad Esmaili (فرزاد اسماعیلی) is an Iranian military officer who formerly held office as the commander of the Air Defense Force.
Fateh-110 (فاتح-۱۱۰, "conqueror") is a single-stage solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran by the Aerospace Industries Organization, including the solid fuel propellant.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran (ستاد کل نیروهای مسلح جمهوری اسلامی ایران) is the most senior military body in Iran, with an aim to implement policy, monitor and coordinate activities within the Armed Forces.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
The Ghadr-110 (Persian: قدر-110, meaning "intensity") is a medium-range ballistic missile designed and developed by Iran.
Gholamhossein Gheybparvar (غلامحسین غیبپرور) is a senior officer in the Revolutionary Guards who currently commands Basij forces.
The Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, acronymed NEZSA (نزسا), are the force which the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), maintain in parallel to the regular army of Iran.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Amir Brigadier General Hassan Shahsafi (حسن شاهصفی) is the current commander of the Iranian Air Force since August, 2008.
The Hoot (حوت; Whale) is an Iranian supercavitation torpedo claimed to travel at approximately, several times faster than a conventional torpedo.
Hossein Ashtari (حسین اشتری) is an Iranian military officer who currently serves as Iran's Chief of police, the chief commander of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran, since 2015.
Hossein Khanzadi (حسین خانزادی) is an Iranian regular military (''Artesh'') officer who currently serves as the commander of its maritime branch, replacing Habibollah Sayyari in November 2017.
Hossein Salami (حسین سلامی) is an Iranian military officer with the rank of Brigadier general who currently serves as the second-in-command of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
i24NEWS is an Israeli international 24-hour news and current affairs television channel located in Jaffa Port, Tel Aviv, Israel.
The insurgency in Balochistan is a guerrilla war waged by Baloch nationalists against the governments of Pakistan and Iran in the Balochistan region, which covers Balochistan Province in southwestern Pakistan, Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran, and the Balochistan region of southern Afghanistan.
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.
In response to rapid territorial gains made by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) during the first half of 2014, and its universally-condemned executions, reported human rights abuses and the fear of further spillovers of the Syrian Civil War, many states began to intervene against it in both the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War (2014–present).
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) (سازمان صنایع هوایی ایران) was established in 1966 for the purpose of planning, controlling, and managing the Civil & military aviation industry of Iran.
The Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Azerbaijan Crisis (translit.: Qaʾilih Âzarbâyjân), followed the end of World War II and stemmed from the Soviet Union's refusal to relinquish occupied Iranian territory, despite repeated assurances.
Iran Electronics Industries or Integrated Electronics Industrieshttp://www.iranwatch.org/iranian-entities/iran-electronics-industries-iei(IEI, Persian: صنایع الکترونیک ایران (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran); also known as صاایران) is a state-owned subsidiary of Iran's Ministry of Defense.
The Iran–Contra affair (ماجرای ایران-کنترا, caso Irán-Contra), also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iran–PJAK conflict, or Iran–Kurdistan Free Life Party conflict is an armed conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kurdish guerrilla group Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK), which began in 2004 and largely ended in 2011.
On 4 December 2011, an American Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was captured by Iranian forces near the city of Kashmar in northeastern Iran.
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
The Iranian Space Agency (ISA, Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران Sázmán e Fazái e Irán) is Iran's governmental space agency.
According to Iranian authorities, Iranian underground missile bases or silos (پایگاه های موشکی زیرزمینی ایران.), also known as the Missile Cities (شهرهای موشکی) exist in all provinces and cities of Iran.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
The Iraqi Civil War is an armed conflict which began in January 2014.
The Iraqi Kurdish Civil War was a military conflict that took place between rival Kurdish factions in Iraqi Kurdistan during the mid-1990s, most notably between the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Khatam al-Anbia Air Defense Base (قرارگاه پدافند هوایی خاتم الانبياء ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران) is a branch split from IRIAF and part of Islamic Republic of Iran Army that controls Iran's military land-based air defense.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF; نیروی هوایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران) is the aviation branch of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Army (ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران), acronymed AJA (آجا), simply known as the Iranian Army or Artesh (Arteš), is the "conventional military of Iran" and part of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces (نیروی زمینی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران), acronymed NEZAJA (نزاجا) is the ground forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.
The Navy of Islamic Republic of Iran Army (نیروی دریایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران) acronymed NEDAJA (نداجا), is the naval warfare service branch of Iran's regular military, the Islamic Republic of Iran Army (''Artesh'').
The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) (lit or Sepâh for short) is a branch of Iran's Armed Forces founded after 1979 Revolution on 22 April 1979 by order of Ayatollah Khomeini.IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p. 187 Whereas the regular military (or Artesh) defends Iran's borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard (pasdaran) is intended to protect the country's Islamic Republic system. The Revolutionary Guards state that their role in protecting the Islamic system is preventing foreign interference as well as coups by the military or "deviant movements". The Revolutionary Guards have roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf. GlobalBearings.net, 15 December 2011. It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active personnel.Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008 pp. 175–76 Its media arm is Sepah News. Since its origin as an ideologically driven militia, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution has taken a greater role in nearly every aspect of Iranian society. Its expanded social, political, military and economic role under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's administration—especially during the 2009 presidential election and post-election suppression of protest—has led many Western analysts to argue that its political power has surpassed even that of the Shia clerical system. The Chief Commander of the Guardians since 2007 is Mohammad Ali Jafari, who was preceded by Yahya Rahim Safavi from 1997.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jane's Defence Weekly (abbreviated as JDW) is a weekly magazine reporting on military and corporate affairs, edited by Peter Felstead.
John Philip Abizaid (born April 1, 1951) is a retired United States Army general and former U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) commander, overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much of the Middle East.
John Ricardo I. "Juan" Cole (born October 23, 1952) is an American academic and commentator on the modern Middle East and South Asia.
Kashmar (کاشمر, also Romanized as Kāshmar; formerly ترشیز Torshīz or سلطانآباد Soltanabad) is a city and the capital of Kashmar County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.
Kioumars Heydari (کیومرث حیدری) is an Iranian general currently serving as Commander of the Iranian Army's Ground Forces.
Kowsar (or Kosar) is a medium-range, land-based anti-ship missile made by Iran.
The Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran or Disciplinary Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran (نیروی انتظامی جمهوری اسلامی ایران Nīrū-ye entezāmī-ye jomhūrī-ye eslāmī-ye Īrān), abbreviated as NAJA (ناجا) is the uniformed police force in Iran.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
This is a list of aircraft types operated by the Iranian Air Force, not including those operated by the air arm of the Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution prior to the foundation of the Air Force as a separate service in August 1955.
This list reflects the state of the mainline Iranian Navy, and does not include the vessels of the Navy of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.
There are currently 13 two-star officers in the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran: 4 with the regular army (''Artesh'') background, 8 who served in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and one with no previous service.
In recent years, the Iranian government states that it has self-sufficiency in essential military hardware and defense systems.
Named after inventor Charles Litton, Sr., Litton Industries was a large defense contractor in the United States, bought by the Northrop Grumman Corporation in 2001.
The Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by Lockheed Martin and operated by the United States Air Force for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Marines, also known as a marine corps or naval infantry, are typically an infantry force that specializes in the support of naval and army operations at sea and on land, as well as the execution of their own operations.
The Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini houses the tomb of Ruhollah Khomeini and his family—his wife Khadijeh Saqafi and his second son Ahmad Khomeini—and some political figures, such as former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former Vice President Hassan Habibi, Lieutenant General Ali Sayad Shirazi, Iranian Revolution figure Sadeq Tabatabaei, and MP Marzieh Hadidchi.
With thousands of years of recorded history, and due to an unchanging geographic (and subsequently geopolitical) condition, Iran (previously known as Persia in the West until 1935) has had a long, varied, and checkered military culture and history, ranging from triumphant and unchallenged ancient military supremacy affording effective superpower status in its day, to a series of near catastrophic defeats (beginning with the destruction of Elam) at the hand of previously subdued and conquered peripheral nations (including Greece, Macedon and the Asiatic nomadic tribes at the Eastern boundary of the lands traditionally home to the Iranian people).
Military simulations, also known informally as war games, are simulations in which theories of warfare can be tested and refined without the need for actual hostilities.
The Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL; وزارت دفاع و پشتیبانی نیروهای مسلح) is the defence ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran, reestablished in 1989.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
Major General Mohammad Ali Jafari (محمدعلی جعفری, born 1 September 1957 in Yazd, also known as Aziz Jafari and Ali Jafari) is the Iranian commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). He was appointed by the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, on September 1, 2007, to succeed Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi. According to a September 2, 2007, report by Radio Free Europe, Radio Farda has described Jafari has been close to the conservative subfaction, which includes Mohsen Rezaee, the secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council and former commander of the IRGC and Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, a former IRGC member and the mayor of Tehran. The replacement of Safavi was thought to be a move to strengthen the conservative faction as a counterweight to the radicalizers around President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, whom Safavi is close to. "Observers appear to regard Jafari as principally a tactician, organizer, and 'technical' military man," according to Radio Free Europe. The EU's official journal said the three Iranian Revolutionary Guard members, Jafari, General Qasem Soleimani and the Guard's deputy commander for intelligence, Hossein Taeb, were now subject to sanctions and had been "providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria".
Major general Mohammad Bagheri (محمد باقری) is an Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps military commander currently serving at the most senior military position available in Iran, Chief of Staff for the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Mohammad Hejazi (سید محمد حجازی) (born 1956) is a military commander in Iran.
Mohammad Pakpour (محمد پاکپور) is a Brigadier-General and Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Ground Forces since 2009.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
The Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or Revolutionary Guards' Navy (نیروی دریایی سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی), acronym NEDSA (ندسا), consists of 20,000 men and 1,500 boats and fast attack boats separate from the regular Navy of ''Artesh'' assuming control over Iranian maritime operations in the Persian Gulf.
Northrop Corporation was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its 1994 merger with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman.
The House of Leadership (بیت رهبری, Beit-e Rahbari; official name: Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran (دفتر مقام معظم رهبری); Daftar-e Magham-e Moazzam-e Rahbari) is the official residence, bureaucratic office and principal workplace of the Supreme Leader of Iran since 1989.
Operation Praying Mantis was an attack on 18 April 1988, by U.S. forces within Iranian territorial waters in retaliation for the Iranian mining of the Persian Gulf during the Iran–Iraq war and the subsequent damage to an American warship.
Operation Prime Chance (August 1987 – June 1989) was a United States Special Operations Command operation intended to protect U.S.-flagged oil tankers from Iranian attack during the Iran–Iraq War.
The Pahlavi dynasty (دودمان پهلوی) was the ruling house of the imperial state of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Peshmerga (lit, or Those who face death') are the military forces of the federal region of Iraqi Kurdistan.
The politics of Iran take place in a framework of a theocracy in a format of syncretic politics that is guided by Islamic ideology.
A preemptive war is a war that is commenced in an attempt to repel or defeat a perceived imminent offensive or invasion, or to gain a strategic advantage in an impending (allegedly unavoidable) war shortly before that attack materializes.
Major General Qasem Soleimani (قاسم سلیمانی, born 11 March 1957) is an Iranian senior military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and since 1998 commander of its Quds Force—a division primarily responsible for extraterritorial military and clandestine operations.
The Quds Force (سپاه قدس sepāh-e qods) is a special forces unit of Iran's Revolutionary Guards responsible for their extraterritorial operations.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
This article tackes the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is divided into three forces.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The RPG-7 (РПГ-7) is a portable, reusable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
A sea lane, sea road or shipping lane is a regularly used route for vessels on oceans and large lakes.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
The Shahab-2 (Persian: Ŝahāb 2, meaning "Meteor-2") is the successor to the Iranian Shahab-1 missile.
The Shahab-3 (Ŝahāb 3; shahâb means "meteor") is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Iran and based on the North Korean Nodong-1.
The Shahab-4 (Persian: شهاب-۴, meaning "Meteor-4") (a.k.a. IRIS) was an unbuilt Iranian space launch vehicle derived from the Shahab-3 medium-range ballistic missile.
Arvand Rud (اَروَندرود, Swift River) or Shatt al-Arab (شط العرب, River of the Arabs) is a river of some 200 km (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an international institute based in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.
The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Central Command (USCENTCOM or CENTCOM) is a theater-level Unified Combatant Command of the U.S. Department of Defense.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.
A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures (e.g., buildings), natural structures (e.g., mountains), or the biosphere.
Yahya "Rahim" Safavi (یحیى (رحیم) صفوی, born 1952) is an Iranian military commander who served as the chief commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps from 1 September 1997 until 1 September 2007.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Zanjan (Persian: زنجان,; Azerbaijani: زنگان) is the capital of Zanjan Province in Iranian Azerbaijan.
The 2001 uprising in Herat was a coordinated insurrection and uprising in the Afghan city of Herat as part of the United States war in Afghanistan.
The 2004 Iranian seizure of Royal Navy personnel took place in the Shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud in Persian) waterway on 21 June.
Iranian military personnel arrested 15 Royal Navy personnel in 2007 and held them for 13 days.
On January 12, 2016, two United States Navy riverine command boats were seized by Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Navy after they entered Iranian territorial waters near Iran's Farsi Island in the Persian Gulf.
65th Airborne Special Forces Brigade (تیپ ۶۵ نیروهای ویژه هوابرد), or the NOHED Brigade (تیپ نوهد), is an airborne, special forces unit of the Iranian Army established in 1959.
The 9K32 Strela-2 (Cтрела, "arrow"; NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile system (MANPADS) with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared homing guidance.
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