118 relations: Adiabatic shear band, Aluminium, American English, Ammunition, Annealing (metallurgy), Anti-tank gun, Anti-tank warfare, APCBC, Armour, Ballistics, Bazooka, Body armor, Bourrelet, Bullet, Bulletproof glass, Bunker, Caliber, Canister shot, Carbon steel, Cartridge (firearms), Cast iron, Cementation process, Centrifugal force, Chromium, Concrete, Copper, Cupronickel, Degrees of freedom (mechanics), Dennistoun Burney, Density, Depleted uranium, Drag (physics), Driving band, Dunnite, Edgar Brandt, English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Explosive material, FN 5.7×28mm, Forging, Fuse (explosives), Fuze, Grain (unit), Grapeshot, Hardened steel, Hardening (metallurgy), High-explosive anti-tank warhead, High-explosive incendiary/armor-piercing ammunition, High-explosive squash head, Incendiary device, Ironclad warship, ..., K bullet, Kinetic energy penetrator, Lead, Littlejohn adaptor, Manganese, Maraging steel, Martensite, Metal lathe, Molybdenum, Mortar (weapon), Muzzle velocity, Naval warfare, Nickel, No. 68 AT Grenade, Ordnance QF 17-pounder, Ordnance QF 2-pounder, Ordnance QF 6-pounder, Palliser shot and shell, Panzer IV, Panzerfaust, Panzergranate 39, Panzerschreck, Paratrooper, PIAT, Picric acid, Plastic explosive, Pyrophoricity, Raufoss Mk 211, RDX, Reactive armour, Rifle grenade, Round shot, Sabot, Sectional density, Shaped charge, Shell (projectile), Shock wave, Silicon, Spaced armour, Spall, Steel, Stepan Makarov, Sturmgeschütz III, Superplasticity, T-54/T-55, T-62, Tempering (metallurgy), TNT, Toughness, Tracer ammunition, Tungsten, Tungsten carbide, United Kingdom, Vehicle armour, Warship, William Palliser, World War I, World War II, Wrought iron, .30-06 Springfield, .338 Lapua Magnum, .50 BMG, 2.8 cm sPzB 41, 4.2 cm Pak 41, 5.56×45mm NATO, 7.5 cm Pak 41, 7.62×51mm NATO, 7.92×57mm Mauser. Expand index (68 more) » « Shrink index
Adiabatic shear band is a term used in physics, mechanics and engineering.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it more workable.
An Anti-tank gun is a form of artillery designed to destroy armored fighting vehicles, normally from a static defensive position.
Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.
The armour-piercing capped ballistic cap (APCBC) is a type of armor-piercing shell introduced in the 1930s.
Armour (British English or Canadian English) or armor (American English; see spelling differences) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or activity (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.
Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.
Bazooka is the common name for a man-portable recoilless anti-tank rocket launcher weapon, widely fielded by the United States Army.
Body armor/armour, personal armor/armour, suits of armour or coats of armour all refer to protective clothing, designed to absorb and/or deflect slashing, bludgeoning and penetrating attacks by weapons.
The bourrelet is the portion of an elongated artillery projectile having a very slightly smaller diameter than the interior diameter of the barrel through which that projectile is to be propelled.
A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.
Bulletproof glass (also known as ballistic glass, transparent armor, or bullet-resistant glass) is a type of strong but optically transparent material that is particularly resistant to being penetrated when struck.
A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.
Canister shot is a kind of anti-personnel ammunition used in cannons.
Carbon steel is a steel with carbon content up to 2.1% by weight.
A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
The cementation process is an obsolete technology for making steel by carburization of iron.
In Newtonian mechanics, the centrifugal force is an inertial force (also called a "fictitious" or "pseudo" force) directed away from the axis of rotation that appears to act on all objects when viewed in a rotating frame of reference.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
In physics, the degree of freedom (DOF) of a mechanical system is the number of independent parameters that define its configuration.
Sir Charles Dennistoun Burney, 2nd Baronet (28 December 1888 – 11 November 1968, Bermuda) was an English aeronautical engineer, private inventor and Conservative Party politician.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Depleted uranium (DU; also referred to in the past as Q-metal, depletalloy or D-38) is uranium with a lower content of the fissile isotope U-235 than natural uranium.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
The driving band or rotating band is part of an artillery shell, a band of soft metal near the bottom of the shell, typically made of gilding metal, copper or lead.
Dunnite, also known as Explosive D or systematically as ammonium picrate, is an explosive developed in 1906 by US Army Major Beverly W. Dunn, who later served as the chief inspector of the Bureau of Transportation Explosives.
Edgar William Brandt (1880–1960) was a French ironworker, prolific weapons designer and head of a company that designed 60mm, 81mm and 120mm mortars that were very widely copied throughout and subsequent to World War II.
The use of the English language in most member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations was inherited from British colonisation.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
The FN 5.7×28mm (designated as the 5,7 × 28 by the C.I.P.) is a small-caliber, high-velocity smokeless powder rebated rim bottlenecked rifle cartridge designed and manufactured by FN Herstal in Belgium.
Forging is a manufacturing process involving the shaping of metal using localized compressive forces.
In an explosive, pyrotechnic device, or military munition, a fuse (or fuze) is the part of the device that initiates function.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
A grain is a unit of measurement of mass, and in the troy weight, avoirdupois, and Apothecaries' system, equal to exactly.
In artillery, grapeshot is a type of shot that is not one solid element, but a mass of small metal balls or slugs packed tightly into a canvas bag.
The term hardened steel is often used for a medium or high carbon steel that has been given heat treatment and then quenching followed by tempering.
Hardening is a metallurgical metalworking process used to increase the hardness of a metal.
A high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate thick tank armor.
High-explosive incendiary/armor-piercing ammunition (HEIAP) is a form of shell which combines armor-piercing capability and a high-explosive effect.
High-explosive squash head (HESH) is a type of explosive ammunition that is effective against tank armour and is also useful against buildings.
Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.
An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
Also: Patrone SmK (Spitzgeschoss mit Kern) 8×57mm IS The K bullet is a 7.92×57mm (8×57mm IS) armor-piercing bullet with a tool steel core designed to be fired from a standard Mauser rifle.
A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
The Littlejohn adaptor was a device that could be added to the British QF 2 pounder (40 mm) anti-tank gun.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
Maraging steels (a portmanteau of "martensitic" and "aging") are steels (iron alloys) that are known for possessing superior strength and toughness without losing malleability, although they cannot hold a good cutting edge.
Martensite, named after the German metallurgist Adolf Martens (1850–1914), most commonly refers to a very hard form of steel crystalline structure, but it can also refer to any crystal structure that is formed by diffusionless transformation.
A metal lathe or metalworking lathe is a large class of lathes designed for precisely machining relatively hard materials.
Molybdenum is a chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Muzzle velocity is the speed of a projectile at the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun.
Naval warfare is combat in and on the sea, the ocean, or any other battlespace involving major body of water such as a large lake or wide river.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
The Grenade, Rifle No.
The Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder (or just 17-pdr)The British military often used the gun's projectile weight to denote different guns of the same calibre.
The Ordnance QF 2-pounder (QF denoting "quick firing"), or simply "2 pounder gun", was a British anti-tank and vehicle-mounted gun, employed in the Second World War.
The Ordnance Quick-Firing 6-pounder 7 cwt, or just 6 pounder,British forces traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately.
Palliser shot was invented by Sir William Palliser and hence its name.
The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.
The Panzerfaust ("armor fist" or "tank fist", plural: Panzerfäuste) is an inexpensive, single shot, recoilless German anti-tank weapon of World War II.
Panzergranate 39 or Pzgr.
Panzerschreck (lit. "tank fright", "tank's fright" or "tank's bane") was the popular name for the Raketenpanzerbüchse (abbreviated to RPzB), an 88 mm calibre reusable anti-tank rocket launcher developed by Nazi Germany in World War II.
Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
The Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank (PIAT) Mk I was a British man-portable anti-tank weapon developed during the Second World War.
Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O2N)3C6H2OH.
Plastic explosive is a soft and hand-moldable solid form of explosive material.
A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing") ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55 °C (130 °F).
The Raufoss Mk 211 is a.50 caliber (12.7×99mm NATO) multipurpose anti-matériel high-explosive incendiary/armor-piercing ammunition projectile produced by Nammo (Nordic Ammunition Group, a Norwegian/Finnish military industry manufacturer of ammunition), under the model name NM140 MP.
RDX is the organic compound with the formula (O2NNCH2)3.
Reactive armor is a type of vehicle armor that reacts in some way to the impact of a weapon to reduce the damage done to the vehicle being protected.
A rifle grenade is a grenade that uses a rifle-based launcher to permit a longer effective range than would be possible if the grenade was thrown by hand.
A round shot (or solid shot, or a cannonball, or simply ball) is a solid projectile without explosive charge, fired from a cannon.
A sabot is a structural device used in firearm or cannon ammunition to keep a sub-caliber flight projectile, such as a relatively small bullet or arrow-type projectile, in the center of the barrel when fired, if the bullet has a significantly smaller diameter than the bore diameter of the weapon used.
Sectional density is the ratio of an object's mass to its cross-sectional area with respect to a given axis.
A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Armor with two or more plates spaced a distance apart is called spaced armour.
Spall is flakes of a material that are broken off a larger solid body and can be produced by a variety of mechanisms, including as a result of projectile impact, corrosion, weathering, cavitation, or excessive rolling pressure (as in a ball bearing).
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров; –) was a Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, an oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books.
The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was Germany's second most-produced armoured fighting vehicle during World War II after the Sd.Kfz. 251 half-track.
In materials science, superplasticity is a state in which solid crystalline material is deformed well beyond its usual breaking point, usually over about 200% during tensile deformation.
The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.
The T-62 is a Soviet main battle tank that was first introduced 1961.
Tempering is a process of heat treating, which is used to increase the toughness of iron-based alloys.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.
In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing.
Tracer ammunition (tracers) are bullets or cannon caliber projectiles that are built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
Tungsten carbide (chemical formula: WC) is a chemical compound (specifically, a carbide) containing equal parts of tungsten and carbon atoms.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Military vehicles are commonly armoured (or armored; see spelling differences) to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets, missiles or shells, protecting the personnel inside from enemy fire.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
Major Sir William Palliser CB MP (18 June 1830 – 4 February 1882) was an Irish-born politician and inventor, Member of Parliament for Taunton from 1880 until his death.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).
The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.
The.338 Lapua Magnum (8.6×70mm or 8.58×70mm) is a rimless, bottlenecked, centerfire rifle cartridge.
The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.
2.8 cm schwere Panzerbüchse 41 (sPzB 41) or "Panzerbüchse 41" was a German anti-tank weapon working on the squeeze bore principle.
The 4.2 cm Pak 41 was a light anti-tank gun issued to German airborne units in World War II.
The 5.56×45mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 5.56 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked intermediate cartridge family developed in Belgium by FN Herstal.
The 7.5 cm Pak 41 was one of the last German anti-tank guns brought into service and used in World War II and notable for being one of the largest anti-tank guns to rely on the Gerlich principle (pioneered by the German gun-designer Hermann Gerlich, who developed the principle in the 1920s, reportedly for a hunting rifle) to deliver a higher muzzle velocity and therefore greater penetration in relation to its size.
The 7.62×51mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 7.62 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge developed in the 1950s as a standard for small arms among NATO countries.
The 7.92×57mm Mauser (designated as the 8mm Mauser or 8×57mm by the SAAMI and 8 × 57 IS by the C.I.P.) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge.
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