78 relations: Acetylcholine, Alcohol, Alertness, Amygdala, Anxiety, Appraisal theory, Approach-avoidance conflict, Attention, Attentional control, Autonomic nervous system, Barbiturate, Big Five personality traits, Blood pressure, Brainstem, Breathing, Cannon–Bard theory, Cerebral cortex, Classical conditioning, Cognition, Coma, Consciousness, Depression (mood), Dopamine, Electroencephalography, Electrolyte, Emotion, Emotional self-regulation, Encephalitis, Endocrine system, Epilepsy, Epileptic seizure, Extraversion and introversion, Fight-or-flight response, Four temperaments, Frontal lobe, Fundamental frequency, GABA reuptake inhibitor, Gastrointestinal tract, Hans Eysenck, Head injury, Hippocrates, Histamine, Human brain, Human sexual activity, Human sexual response cycle, Hypothalamus, Information processing, Ivan Pavlov, James–Lange theory, Limbic system, ..., Locus coeruleus, Long-term memory, Low arousal approach, Low arousal theory, Mania, Masters and Johnson, Melancholia, Memory, Metabolic disorder, Motivation, Neuraxis, Neuroticism, Neurotransmitter, Norepinephrine, Physiology, Positive psychology, Problem solving, Psychology, Raphe nuclei, Reticular formation, Sense, Sensory cue, Serotonin, Stressor, Substantia nigra, Temporal lobe, Two-factor theory of emotion, Yerkes–Dodson law. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alertness is the state of active attention by high sensory awareness such as being watchful and prompt to meet danger or emergency, or being quick to perceive and act.
The amygdala (plural: amygdalae; also corpus amygdaloideum; Latin from Greek, ἀμυγδαλή, amygdalē, 'Almond', 'tonsil') is one of two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Appraisal theory is the theory in psychology that emotions are extracted from our evaluations (appraisals or estimates) of events that cause specific reactions in different people.
Approach-avoidance conflicts as elements of stress were first introduced by psychologist Kurt Lewin, one of the founders of modern social psychology.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
Attentional control refers to an individual's capacity to choose what they pay attention to and what they ignore.
The autonomic nervous system (ANS), formerly the vegetative nervous system, is a division of the peripheral nervous system that supplies smooth muscle and glands, and thus influences the function of internal organs.
A barbiturate is a drug that acts as a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to death.
The Big Five personality traits, also known as the five factor model (FFM), is a taxonomy for personality traits.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.
The main concepts of the Cannon–Bard theory are that emotional expression results from the function of hypothalamic structures, and emotional feeling results from stimulations of the dorsal thalamus.
The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) refers to a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (e.g. food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (e.g. a bell).
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Emotional self-regulation or regulation of emotion is the ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
The endocrine system is a chemical messenger system consisting of hormones, the group of glands of an organism that carry those hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs, and the feedback loops of homeostasis that the hormones drive.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
The trait of extraversion–introversion is a central dimension of human personality theories.
The fight-or-flight response (also called hyperarousal, or the acute stress response) is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival.
The Four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic.
The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is the largest of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the mammalian brain.
The fundamental frequency, often referred to simply as the fundamental, is defined as the lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
A GABA reuptake inhibitor (GRI) is a type of drug which acts as a reuptake inhibitor for the neurotransmitter gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) by blocking the action of the gamma-Aminobutyric acid transporters (GATs).
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.
A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality.
The human sexual response cycle is a four-stage model of physiological responses to sexual stimulation, which, in order of their occurrence, are the excitement phase, plateau phase, orgasmic phase and resolution phase.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (a; 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning.
The James–Lange theory refers to a hypothesis on the origin and nature of emotions and is one of the earliest theories of emotion within modern psychology.
The limbic system is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the cerebrum.
The locus coeruleus (\-si-ˈrü-lē-əs\, also spelled locus caeruleus or locus ceruleus) is a nucleus in the pons of the brainstem involved with physiological responses to stress and panic.
Long-term memory (LTM) is the stage of the Atkinson–Shiffrin memory model where informative knowledge is held indefinitely.
A low arousal approach deals with how staff handles patients who are easily aroused (in a non-sexual sense).
The low arousal theory is a psychological theory explaining that people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and antisocial personality disorder seek self-stimulation by excessive activity in order to transcend their state of abnormally low arousal.
Mania, also known as manic syndrome, is a state of abnormally elevated arousal, affect, and energy level, or "a state of heightened overall activation with enhanced affective expression together with lability of affect." Although mania is often conceived as a "mirror image" to depression, the heightened mood can be either euphoric or irritable; indeed, as the mania intensifies, irritability can be more pronounced and result in violence, or anxiety.
The Masters and Johnson research team, composed of William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990s.
Melancholia (from µέλαινα χολή),Burton, Bk.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
A metabolic disorder can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process.
Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.
The neuraxis or sometimes neuroaxis is the axis of the central nervous system.
Neuroticism is one of the Big Five higher-order personality traits in the study of psychology.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Positive psychology is "the scientific study of what makes life most worth living",Christopher Peterson (2008), or "the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life".
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
The raphe nuclei (ῥαφή "seam"Liddell, H.G. & Scott, R. (1940). A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones. with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford: Clarendon Press.) are a moderate-size cluster of nuclei found in the brain stem.
The reticular formation is a set of interconnected nuclei that are located throughout the brainstem.
A sense is a physiological capacity of organisms that provides data for perception.
A sensory cue is a statistic or signal that can be extracted from the sensory input by a perceiver, that indicates the state of some property of the world that the perceiver is interested in perceiving.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.
The substantia nigra (SN) is a basal ganglia structure located in the midbrain that plays an important role in reward and movement.
The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.
The two-factor theory of emotion, states that emotion is based on two factors: physiological arousal and cognitive label.
The Yerkes–Dodson law is an empirical relationship between arousal and performance, originally developed by psychologists Robert M. Yerkes and John Dillingham Dodson in 1908.