90 relations: Alexis Carrel, Amputation, Aorta, Aortic valve, Arteriole, Atheroma, Atherosclerosis, Atmospheric pressure, Blood, Blood pressure, Blood squirt, Blood sugar level, Blood vessel, Brachiocephalic artery, Calcium, Capillary, Carbon dioxide, Cardiac cycle, Cardiac output, Cholesterol, Circulatory system, Collagen, Common carotid artery, Connective tissue, Coronary circulation, Cutting, Developed country, Diabetes mellitus, Diastole, Effective arterial blood volume, Elastic fiber, Emil Theodor Kocher, Endothelium, EPH receptor B2, Exsanguination, Extracellular fluid, Fatty acid, Galen, Gross anatomy, Heart, Histology, Human body, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism, Iatrogenesis, Immune system, Iodide, Iodine, Ligament, Lipid, ..., Lipoprotein, List of causes of death by rate, Lumen (anatomy), Lung, Macroscopic scale, Microcirculation, Microscope, Myocardial infarction, Necrosis, Nutrient, Organ transplantation, Oxygen, Paresthesia, Peripheral vascular system, Plural, Psychological stress, Pulmonary artery, Pulmonary vein, Pulse, Radial artery, Red blood cell, Smooth muscle tissue, Stroke, Stroke volume, Subclavian artery, Systole, Thyroid, Thyroidectomy, Tobacco smoking, Trachea, Tunica externa, Tunica intima, Tunica media, Umbilical artery, Vascular resistance, Vascular surgery, Vein, Ventricle (heart), Venule, William Harvey. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
Alexis Carrel (28 June 1873 – 5 November 1944) was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries (the common iliac arteries).
The aortic valve is a valve in the human heart between the left ventricle and the aorta.
An arteriole is a small-diameter blood vessel in the microcirculation that extends and branches out from an artery and leads to capillaries.
An atheroma is a reversible accumulation of degenerative material in the inner layer of an artery wall.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Blood squirt (blood spurt, blood spray, blood gush, or blood jet) is the effect when an artery, a blood vessel in the human body (or other organism's body) is cut.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
The brachiocephalic artery (or brachiocephalic trunk or innominate artery) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head and neck.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A capillary is a small blood vessel from 5 to 10 micrometres (µm) in diameter, and having a wall one endothelial cell thick.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
The cardiac cycle is the performance of the human heart from the beginning of one heartbeat to the beginning of the next.
Cardiac output (CO, also denoted by the symbols Q and \dot Q_), is a term used in cardiac physiology that describes the volume of blood being pumped by the heart, in particular by the left or right ventricle, per unit time.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries.
Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
Coronary circulation is the circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart muscle (myocardium).
Cutting is the separation or opening of a physical object, into two or more portions, through the application of an acutely directed force.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Diastole is the part of the cardiac cycle during which the heart refills with blood after the emptying done during systole (contraction).
Effective arterial blood volume (EABV) refers to the adequacy of the arterial blood volume to "fill" the capacity of the arterial vasculature.
Elastic fibers (or yellow fibers) are bundles of proteins (elastin) found in extracellular matrix of connective tissue and produced by fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells in arteries.
Emil Theodor Kocher (25 August 1841 – 27 July 1917) was a Swiss physician and medical researcher who received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid.
Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.
Ephrin type-B receptor 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EPHB2 gene.
Exsanguination is the loss of blood to a degree sufficient to cause death.
Extracellular fluid (ECF) denotes all body fluid outside the cells.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy) is the study of anatomy at the visible (macroscopic) level.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
Iatrogenesis (from the Greek for "brought forth by the healer") refers to any effect on a person resulting from any activity of one or more persons acting as healthcare professionals or promoting products or services as beneficial to health that does not support a goal of the person affected.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
An iodide ion is the ion I−.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
A ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
A lipoprotein is a biochemical assembly whose purpose is to transport hydrophobic lipid (a.k.a. fat) molecules in water, as in blood or extracellular fluid.
The following is a list of the causes of human deaths worldwide for the year 2002, arranged by their associated mortality rates.
In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.
Microcirculation is the circulation of the blood in the smallest blood vessels, present within organ tissues.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.
The peripheral vascular system consists of the veins and arteries not in the chest or abdomen (i.e. in the arms, hands, legs and feet).
The plural (sometimes abbreviated), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number.
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.
A pulmonary artery is an artery in the pulmonary circulation that carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs.
The pulmonary veins are the veins that transfer oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
In human anatomy, the radial artery is the main artery of the lateral aspect of the forearm.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
In cardiovascular physiology, stroke volume (SV) is the volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle per beat.
In human anatomy, the subclavian arteries are paired major arteries of the upper thorax, below the clavicle.
The systole is that part of the cardiac cycle during which some chambers of the heart muscle contract after refilling with blood.
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus.
A thyroidectomy is an operation that involves the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
The tunica externa (New Latin "outer coat") — also known as the tunica adventitia (New Latin "additional coat"), or adventitia for short — is the outermost tunica (layer) of a blood vessel, surrounding the tunica media.
The tunica intima (New Latin "inner coat"), or intima for short, is the innermost tunica (layer) of an artery or vein.
The tunica media (New Latin "middle coat"), or media for short, is the middle tunica (layer) of an artery or vein.
The umbilical artery is a paired artery (with one for each half of the body) that is found in the abdominal and pelvic regions.
Vascular resistance is the resistance that must be overcome to push blood through the circulatory system and create flow.
Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
A ventricle is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs.
A venule is a very small blood vessel in the microcirculation that allows blood to return from the capillary beds to drain into the larger blood vessels, the veins.
William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology.