203 relations: African Games, American Cup (gymnastics), Andreas Wecker, Aristotle, Armenia, Artistic gymnastics at the Summer Olympics, Artistic Gymnastics World Cup, Asian Games, Asuka Teramoto, Aurelia Dobre, Australia, Ágnes Keleti, Balance beam, Ballet, Bart Conner, Béla Károlyi, Belarus, Blister, Bohemia, Boxing, Brazil, Bridget Sloan, British Gymnastics, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Canada, Carly Patterson, Cathy Rigby, Chalk, Chellsie Memmel, Cheng Fei, China, Code of Points (artistic gymnastics), Commonwealth Games, Czechoslovakia, Daniela Silivaș, Degree of difficulty, Deng Linlin, Dong Fangxiao, East Germany, Eastern Bloc, Eberhard Gienger, Encarta, Equestrianism, European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships, Fabian Hambüchen, Fan Yilin, Ferdinand Steiner, Finland, Flare (acrobatic move), Floor (gymnastics), ..., France, František Pecháček, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Gabby Douglas, Germany, Goodwill Games, Great Britain, Greece, Grip (gymnastics), Gymnastics, Gymnastics at the 1952 Summer Olympics, Gymnastics at the 1992 Summer Olympics, Gymnastics at the 2008 Summer Olympics, Hand guard, He Kexin, Helmut Bantz, Helsinki, Henrietta Ónodi, Homer, Hong Su-jong, Horizontal bar, Huang Huidan, Hungary, Instrumental, International Gymnastics Federation, International Gymnastics Hall of Fame, International Olympic Committee, Italy, Jan Gajdoš, Japan, Jonathan Horton, Jordyn Wieber, Josef Čada, Josef Stalder, Karin Büttner-Janz, Kōhei Uchimura, Kōko Tsurumi, Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda, Kim Gwang-suk, Kim Zmeskal, Kinaesthetics, Korea, Krisztián Berki, Kui Yuanyuan, Kurt Thomas (gymnast), Ladislav Vácha, Larisa Latynina, Lavinia Miloșovici, Leotard, Level 10 (USA Gymnastics), Li Xiaoshuang, Lilia Podkopayeva, List of current female artistic gymnasts, List of Olympic medalists in gymnastics (men), List of Olympic medalists in gymnastics (women), Liu Xuan (gymnast), Lu Li, Ludmilla Tourischeva, Ma Yanhong, Magnificent Seven (gymnastics), Mai Murakami, Marcel Nguyen, Maria Olaru, Marian Drăgulescu, Marius Urzică, Mary Lou Retton, Mat (gymnastics), Maxi Gnauck, Melbourne, Mitch Gaylord, Mo Huilan, Morgan Hurd, Nadia Comăneci, Nastia Liukin, Natsumi Sasada, North Korea, Oksana Chusovitina, Pacific Rim Championships, Pan American Games, Parallel bars, Paul Hamm, Pauline Schäfer, Peter Vidmar, Philipp Boy, Plato, Pommel horse, Puberty, Racing, Rie Tanaka, Rings (gymnastics), Roland Brückner, Romania, Russia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Sae Miyakawa, Sawao Kato, Second, Shannon Miller, Shawn Johnson East, Simona Amânar, Simone Biles, Sokol, South Africa, South American Games, Soviet Union, Spain, Spectator sport, Springboard (gymnastics), Sui Lu, Summer Olympic Games, Svetlana Boginskaya, Swimming (sport), Szilveszter Csollány, Tim Daggett, Tokyo, Trent Dimas, Tsukahara (vault), Turners, Ukraine, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Uneven bars, United Kingdom, United States, USA Gymnastics, Vault (gymnastics), Věra Čáslavská, Viktor Chukarin, Vitaly Scherbo, Vlasta Děkanová, West Germany, Wire rope, World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, World Gymnastics Championships, Wrestling, Yang Bo (gymnast), Yang Wei (gymnast), Yang Yilin, Yao Jinnan, Yukio Endo, Yuko Shintake, Zhang Nan (gymnast), Zoltán Magyar, 1896 Summer Olympics, 1976 Summer Olympics, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1989 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, 1992 Summer Olympics, 1996 Summer Olympics, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics. Expand index (153 more) » « Shrink index
The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continental multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the African Union (AU) with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) and the Association of African Sports Confederations (AASC).
The American Cup, formerly known as the AT&T American Cup through a sponsorship arrangement that ended in 2018, is an elite senior level international gymnastics competition that has been held in the United States since 1976.
Andreas Wecker (born 2 January 1970 in Staßfurt) is a former German gymnast who had a long and successful career.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Artistic gymnastics has been contested at the Summer Olympics since the first modern Olympic games in Athens.
The Artistic Gymnastics World Cup is a competition series for artistic gymnastics sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG).
The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia.
is a Japanese gymnast.
Aurelia Dobre (born November 16, 1972) is a former artistic gymnast and the 1987 world all-around champion.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Ágnes Keleti (born Ágnes Klein, 9 January 1921) is a Hungarian-Israeli retired Olympic and world champion artistic gymnast and coach.
The balance beam is a cube / rectangular object an artistic gymnastics apparatus, as well as the event performed using the apparatus.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Bart Conner (born March 28, 1958) is a retired American Olympic gymnast.
Béla Károlyi (born September 13, 1942) is a Romanian-American gymnastics coach.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bridget Elizabeth Sloan (born June 23, 1992) is an American artistic gymnast.
British Gymnastics, also known as the British Amateur Gymnastics Association (BAGA), is the sports governing body for gymnastics in the UK.
The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR, or Byelorussian SSR; Bielaruskaja Savieckaja Sacyjalistyčnaja Respublika; Belorusskaya SSR.), also commonly referred to in English as Byelorussia, was a federal unit of the Soviet Union (USSR).
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Carly Patterson Caldwell (born February 4, 1988) is an American singer, songwriter and former artistic gymnast.
Cathleen Roxanne Rigby (later Mason, later McCoy, born December 12, 1952), known as Cathy Rigby, is an actress, speaker, and former artistic gymnast.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
Chellsie Marie Memmel (born June 23, 1988) is a retired American artistic gymnast.
Cheng Fei (born May 29, 1988 in Huangshi, Hubei) is a retired Chinese gymnast.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Code of Points is a rulebook that defines the scoring system for each level of competition in gymnastics.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Daniela Viorica Silivaș-Harper (born May 9, 1972), best known as Daniela Silivaș, is a Romanian former artistic gymnast who is most famous for winning six medals (three gold, two silver, and one bronze) at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.
Degree of difficulty (DD, sometimes called tariff or grade) is a concept used in several sports and other competitions to indicate the technical difficulty of a skill, performance, or course, often as a factor in scoring.
Deng Linlin (born April 21, 1992 in Lixin, Anhui), is a retired Chinese gymnast.
Dong Fangxiao (Chinese: 董芳霄; Dǒng Fāngxiāo) is a retired Chinese international gymnast who competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Eberhard Gienger (born 21 July 1951 in Künzelsau, Baden-Württemberg) is a German politician (CDU) and former gymnast.
Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
The European Women's Gymnastics Championships are an artistic gymnastics championships for female gymnasts from European countries organised by the European Union of Gymnastics.
Fabian Hambüchen (born 25 October 1987) is a German gymnast.
Fan Yilin (born 11 November 1999) is a Chinese artistic gymnast.
Ferdinand Steiner was a gymnast from Bohemia in what is now the Czech Republic.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The flare is an acrobatic move in which the performer alternates balancing the torso between either arm while swinging the legs beneath in continuous circles.
In gymnastics, the floor refers to a specially prepared exercise surface, which is considered an apparatus.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
František Pecháček (February 15, 1896 – February 3, 1944) was a Czech gymnast who competed for Czechoslovakia in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (11 August 1778 – 15 October 1852) was a German gymnastics educator and nationalist.
Gabrielle Christina Victoria Douglas (born December 31, 1995) is an American artistic gymnast.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Goodwill Games was an international sports competition created by Ted Turner in reaction to the political troubles surrounding the Olympic Games of the 1980s.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Grips are devices that are worn on the hands of artistic gymnasts when performing on various apparatus.
Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance.
Gymnastics at the 1952 Summer Olympics was represented by 15 events: 7 for women and 8 for men.
At the 1992 Summer Olympics, two different gymnastics were contested: artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics.
At the 2008 Summer Olympics, three different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline.
Hand guards are devices worn by athletes in artistic gymnastics.
He Kexin (born January 1, 1992) is a Chinese former artistic gymnast who competed at the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics.
Helmut Bantz (14 September 1921 – 4 October 2004) was a German gymnast and Olympic champion.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Henrietta Ónodi (born May 22, 1974) is a Hungarian artistic gymnast.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Hong Su-jong (born March 9, 1986 or 1989 in Hamgyong, North Korea) is a North Korean artistic gymnast.
The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.
Huang Huidan is a Chinese artistic gymnast.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
An instrumental is a musical composition or recording without lyrics, or singing, although it might include some inarticulate vocals, such as shouted backup vocals in a Big Band setting.
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG; English: International Gymnastics Federation) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics.
The International Gymnastics Hall of Fame, located in Oklahoma City, USA, is a hall of fame dedicated to honoring the achievements and contributions of the world's greatest competitors, coaches and authorities in artistic gymnastics.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jan Gajdoš (27 December 1903, in Brno – 19 November 1945, in Brno) was a Czechoslovakian gymnast.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jonathan Alan Horton (born December 31, 1985) is a retired American artistic gymnast.
Jordyn Marie Wieber (born July 12, 1995) is a retired American artistic gymnast.
Josef Čada (March 30, 1881 – December 1, 1959) was a Czech gymnast who competed for Bohemia in the 1908 Summer Olympics and for Czechoslovakia in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Josef Stalder (6 February 1919 – 2 March 1991) was a Swiss gymnast and Olympic champion.
Karin Büttner-Janz (born 17 February 1952) is a German medical doctor who won world and Olympic gold medals in artistic gymnastics for East Germany.
is a Japanese gymnast.
(born September 28, 1992) is a Japanese artistic gymnast.
Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda (田中-池田 敬子, born Keiko Tanaka on November 11, 1933) is the first Japanese female gymnast to win a world title, which she accomplished on the balance beam in 1954 (by becoming first Asian female gymnast who win a world gold medal).
Kim Gwang-suk (alternative transliteration Kim Kwang-suk,; born February 15, year unknown; 1976 or 1978 theorized) is a North Korean female gymnast who competed in the 1992 Summer Olympics.
Kimberly Lynn "Kim" Burdette (née Zmeskal on February 6, 1976) is an American retired artistic gymnast, who was a national champion, world champion, and an Olympic bronze medalist.
Kinaesthetics (or kinesthetics, in American English) is the study of body motion, and of the perception (both conscious and unconscious) of one's own body motions.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Krisztián Berki (born March 18, 1985 in Budapest) is a Hungarian artistic gymnast.
Kui Yuanyuan (Simplified Chinese: 奎媛媛; born June 23, 1981) is a former artistic gymnast from China who competed in the 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games.
Kurt Bilteaux Thomas (born March 29, 1956 in Miami, Florida) is an American Olympic gymnast.
Ladislav Vácha (March 21, 1899 in Brno – June 28, 1943) was a Czech gymnast and Olympic champion competing for Czechoslovakia.
Larisa Semyonovna Latynina (Лариса Семенівна Латиніна, Лари́са Семёновна Латы́нина; née Diriy; born 27 December 1934) is a former Soviet artistic gymnast from southern Ukraine.
Lavinia Corina Miloșovici (born 21 October 1976) is a retired Romanian artistic gymnast.
A leotard is a unisex skin-tight one-piece garment that covers the torso but leaves the legs exposed.
Level 10 is the highest level in the USA Gymnastics Junior Olympics Program.
Li Xiaoshuang (born November 1, 1973) is a Chinese gymnast and Olympic champion.
Lilia Oleksandrivna Podkopayeva (Лілія Олександрівна Подкопаєва; Ли́лия Алекса́ндровна Подкопаева; born August 15, 1978) is a Ukrainian former artistic gymnast.
This is a list of female artistic gymnasts currently competing internationally for their federation.
This is the complete list of men's Olympic medalists in gymnastics.
This is not the complete list of women's Olympic medalists in gymnastics.
Liu Xuan (born March 12, 1979, in Changsha, Hunan) is a former artistic gymnast from China.
Lu Li (born August 30, 1976) is a Chinese gymnast.
Ludmilla Ivanovna Tourischeva (Russian: Людми́ла Ива́новна Тури́щева; also transliterated as Ludmilla Turischeva, Ludmilla Tourischcheva, and Ljudmila Turichtchieva), born October 7, 1952, is a former Russian gymnast and a nine-time Olympic medalist for the Soviet Union.
Ma Yanhong (born March 21, 1964 in Beijing, China) (also reported in some media as July 5, 1963) is a retired Chinese Olympic athlete.
The Magnificent Seven was the 1996 United States Olympic women's gymnastics team that won the first ever gold medal for the United States in the women's team competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.
(born 5 August 1996 in Sagamihara, Japan) is a Japanese artistic gymnastics world champion.
Marcel Van Minh Phuc Long Nguyen (born 8 September 1987) is a German gymnast.
Maria Olaru (born June 4, 1982) Maria Olaru is a Romanian former Olympic artistic gymnast.
Marian Drăgulescu (born December 18, 1980 in Bucharest) is a Romanian artistic gymnast.
Marius Daniel Urzică (born September 30, 1975, in Topliţa, Romania) is a Romanian gymnast.
Mary Lou Retton Kelley (born January 24, 1968) is a retired American gymnast.
Mats are used for safety in gymnastics, and in training new skills.
Maxi Gnauck (born 10 October 1964) is a retired artistic gymnast who represented East Germany.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Mitchell Jay "Mitch" Gaylord (born March 10, 1961) is an American gymnast and Olympic gold medalist.
Mo Huilan (born 1979 in Guilin, Guangxi) is a retired Chinese gymnast who competed at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta.
Morgan Elizabeth Hurd (born July 18, 2001) is an American artistic gymnast and member of the United States women's national gymnastics team.
Nadia Elena Comăneci (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian retired gymnast and a five-time Olympic gold medalist, all in individual events.
Anastasia Valeryevna "Nastia" Liukin (Анастасия "Настя" Валерьевна Люкина; born October 30, 1989) is a Russian American former artistic gymnast.
is a Japanese artistic gymnast.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
Oksana Aleksandrovna Chusovitina (Оксана Александровна Чусовитина; born 19 June 1975) is a world and Olympic level gymnast who has competed for the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan, and Germany.
The Pacific Rim Championships is a major regional biennial gymnastics competition.
The Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.
Parallel bars is an apparatus used by gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.
Paul Elbert Hamm (born September 24, 1982 in Washburn, Wisconsin) is a retired American artistic gymnast.
Pauline Sieglinde Schäfer (born 4 January 1997) is a German elite artistic gymnast.
Peter Glen Vidmar (born June 3, 1961 in Los Angeles) is an American gymnast and Olympic medalist.
Philipp Boy (born July 23, 1987 in Blumenhagen, East Germany) is a former German gymnast.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
The pommel horse (also side horse) is an artistic gymnastics apparatus.
Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.
In sport, racing is a competition of speed, against an objective criterion, usually a clock or to a specific point.
is a Japanese singer and voice actress.
The rings, also known as steady rings or still rings (in contrast to flying rings), is an artistic gymnastics apparatus and the event that uses it.
Roland Brückner (born 14 December 1955) is a retired German gymnast.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
is a Japanese artistic gymnast.
is a retired Japanese gymnast and one of the most successful Olympic athletes of all time.
The second is the SI base unit of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.
Shannon Lee Miller Falconetti (born March 10, 1977) is an American former artistic gymnast.
Shawn Machel Johnson East (born January 19, 1992) is an American former artistic gymnast.
Simona Amânar (born October 7, 1979) is a Romanian former artistic gymnast.
Simone Arianne Biles (born March 14, 1997) is an American artistic gymnast.
The Sokol movement (falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: Juegos Sudamericanos; Portuguese: Jogos Sul-Americanos), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: Juegos Cruz del Sur) is a regional multi-sport event held between nations from South America, organized by the South American Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Sudamericana, ODESUR).
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A spectator sport is a sport that is characterized by the presence of spectators, or watchers, at its competitions.
A springboard is a platform set upon one or usually multiple springs used in artistic gymnastics to propel a gymnast who jumps upon it further than if they had otherwise jumped off a fixed platform.
Sui Lu (born 1 April 1992) is a retired Chinese gymnast.
The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.
Svetlana Leonidovna Boginskaya (Святлана Леанідаўна Багінская; born February 9, 1973) is a former artistic gymnast for the Soviet Union and Belarus.
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of ones arms and legs to move the body through water.
Szilveszter Csollány (born 13 April 1970 in Sopron, Hungary) is a former gymnast from Hungary.
Timothy P. (Tim) Daggett (born May 22, 1962) is a former American gymnast born in Springfield, Massachusetts and an Olympic gold medalist.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Trent Dimas (born November 10, 1970) is an Hispanic American gymnast and Olympic champion.
The Tsukahara can refer to a specific vault and a family of vaults in artistic gymnastics.
Turners (Turner) are members of German-American gymnastic clubs that also served as nationalist political groups that were politically active and oftrn served in German military outfits as well as the Union Army in the United States during the American Civil War.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР; see "Name" section below), also known as the Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991. The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic. The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations, although it was legally represented by the All-Union state in its affairs with countries outside of the Soviet Union. Upon the Soviet Union's dissolution and perestroika, the Ukrainian SSR was transformed into the modern nation-state and renamed itself to Ukraine. Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946. From the start, the eastern city of Kharkiv served as the republic's capital. However, in 1934, the seat of government was subsequently moved to the city of Kiev, Ukraine's historic capital. Kiev remained the capital for the rest of the Ukrainian SSR's existence, and remained the capital of independent Ukraine after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Geographically, the Ukrainian SSR was situated in Eastern Europe to the north of the Black Sea, bordered by the Soviet republics of Moldavia, Byelorussia, and the Russian SFSR. The Ukrainian SSR's border with Czechoslovakia formed the Soviet Union's western-most border point. According to the Soviet Census of 1989 the republic had a population of 51,706,746 inhabitants, which fell sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union. For most of its existence, it ranked second only to the Russian SFSR in population, economic and political power.
The uneven bars or asymmetric bars is an artistic gymnastics apparatus, used only by female gymnasts.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States of America Gymnastics (USA Gymnastics or USAG) is the national governing body for gymnastics in the United States.
The vault is an artistic gymnastics apparatus on which gymnasts perform, as well as the skill performed using that apparatus.
Věra Čáslavská (3 May 1942 – 30 August 2016) was a Czechoslovak artistic gymnast and Czech sports official.
Viktor Ivanovich Chukarin (Виктор Иванович Чукарин, Віктор Іванович Чукарін; 9 November 1921 – 25 August 1984) was a Soviet gymnast.
Vitaly Venediktovich Scherbo (or Shcherbo) (Виталий Венедиктович Щербо, Віталь Венядзіктавіч Шчэрба), born 13 January 1972 in Minsk, Byelorussian SSR, is a Belarusian former artistic gymnast.
Vlasta Děkanová (September 5, 1909 – October 16, 1974), a Czechoslovak/Czech artistic gymnast, was the first ever World All-Around Champion in the sport of Women's Artistic Gymnastics.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Steel wire rope (right hand langs lay) Wire rope is several strands of metal wire twisted into a helix forming a composite "rope", in a pattern known as "laid rope".
The World Artistic Gymnastics Championships are the world championships for artistic gymnastics.
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique organises World Gymnastics Championships for each of the gymnastic disciplines.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
Yang Bo (born July 8, 1973 in Ningbo, Zhejiang) is a Chinese gymnast.
Yang Wei (born February 8, 1980 in Xiantao, Hubei) is a male gymnast from China.
Yang Yilin (born August 26, 1992 in Huadu, Guangzhou, Guangdong) is a Chinese gymnast.
Yao Jinnan (born February 8, 1995) is an artistic gymnast who represented China at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
was a Japanese artistic gymnast, Olympic champion and world champion.
is a Japanese gymnast.
Zhang Nan (born April 30, 1986, in Beijing) is a former artistic gymnast from China.
Zoltán Magyar (born 13 December 1953) was the world's leading pommel horse gymnast in the 1970s.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad (French: Les XXIes olympiques d'été), was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The 25th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Stuttgart, West Germany, in 1989 from October 14 to October 22.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.