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Arusha Accords (Rwanda)

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The Arusha Accords, officially the Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the Rwandan Patriotic Front an also known as the Arusha Peace Agreement or Arusha negotiations, were a set of five accords (or protocols) signed in Arusha, Tanzania on August 4, 1993, by the government of Rwanda and the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), under mediation, to end a three-year Rwandan Civil War. [1]

40 relations: Alexis Kanyarengwe, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Arusha, Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, Burundi, Centrist Democratic Party (Rwanda), Coalition for the Defence of the Republic, Cyprien Ntaryamira, English language, Faustin Twagiramungu, France, French language, Jacques-Roger Booh-Booh, Juvénal Habyarimana, Liberal Party (Rwanda), List of foreign ministers in 1992, List of Presidents of Rwanda, National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development, Organisation of African Unity, PDF, Peace treaty, President of Tanzania, Refugee, Republican Democratic Movement, Rule of law, Rwanda, Rwandan Civil War, Rwandan genocide, Rwandan Patriotic Front, Salim Ahmed Salim, Secretary General of the Organisation of African Unity, Social Democratic Party (Rwanda), Tanzania, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, United Nations, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 872, United States, Vladimir Petrovsky.

Alexis Kanyarengwe

Colonel Alexis Kanyarengwe (1938–2006) was a Rwandan officer who fled Rwanda in 1980 amidst accusations that he was plotting against Juvénal Habyarimana.

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Ali Hassan Mwinyi

Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born 8 May 1925 in Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) is a retired politician who served as the second President of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995.

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Arusha

Arusha is a city in north eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region, with a population of 416,442 plus 323,198 in the surrounding Arusha District (2012 census).

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Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira

The assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on the evening of 6 April 1994 was the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide.

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Burundi

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

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Centrist Democratic Party (Rwanda)

The Centrist Democratic Party (PDC) is a political party in Rwanda.

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Coalition for the Defence of the Republic

The Coalition for the Defence of the Republic (Coalition pour la Défense de la République, CDR) was a Rwandan far-right Hutu Power political party that took a major role in inciting the Rwandan genocide.

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Cyprien Ntaryamira

Cyprien Ntaryamira (6 March 1955 – 6 April 1994) was President of Burundi from 5 February 1994 until his death while he was on Juvénal Habyarimana's plane that was shot down.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Faustin Twagiramungu

Faustin Twagiramungu (born 14 August 1945) is a Rwandan politician.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Jacques-Roger Booh-Booh

Jacques-Roger Booh-Booh (born February 5, 1938) was the Minister of External Relations of Cameroon from 1988 to 1992.

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Juvénal Habyarimana

Juvénal Habyarimana (March 8, 1937 – April 6, 1994) was the 2nd President of the Republic of Rwanda, serving longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994.

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Liberal Party (Rwanda)

The Liberal Party (Parti Libéral, PL) is a liberal political party in Rwanda led by Protais Mitali.

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List of foreign ministers in 1992

This is a list of foreign ministers in 1992.

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List of Presidents of Rwanda

This article lists the Presidents of Rwanda since the creation of the office in 1961 (during the Rwandan Revolution), to the present day.

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National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development

The National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement) was the ruling political party of Rwanda from 1975 to 1994 under President Juvénal Habyarimana.

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Organisation of African Unity

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 32 signatory governments.

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PDF

The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

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Peace treaty

A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties.

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President of Tanzania

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania (Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania.

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Refugee

A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).

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Republican Democratic Movement

The Republican Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocratique républicain, MDR) was a political party in Rwanda.

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Rule of law

The rule of law is the "authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes".

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Rwanda

Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

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Rwandan Civil War

The Rwandan Civil War was a conflict in the African republic of Rwanda, between the Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR) and the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).

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Rwandan genocide

The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.

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Rwandan Patriotic Front

The Rwandan Patriotic Front (Front patriotique rwandais, FPR) is the ruling political party in Rwanda.

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Salim Ahmed Salim

Salim Ahmed Salim (سليم احمد سليم, Urdu:, Salim Ahmad Salim, born 23 January 1942) is a Tanzanian diplomat who has worked in the international diplomatic arena since the early 1960s.

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Secretary General of the Organisation of African Unity

The Secretary General was head of the Secretariat of the Organisation of African Unity.

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Social Democratic Party (Rwanda)

The Social Democratic Party (Parti Social Démocrate) is a centre-left social democratic political party in Rwanda.

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Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

An Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations (USG) is a senior official within the United Nations System, normally appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Secretary-General for a renewable term of four years.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 872 on 5 October 1993.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 872

United Nations Security Council resolution 872, adopted unanimously on 5 October 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 812 (1993) and 846 (1993) on the situation in Rwanda and Resolution 868 (1993) on the security of United Nations operations, the Council stressed the need for an international force in the country and therefore established the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Vladimir Petrovsky

Vladimir Fedorovich Petrovsky (p, 29 April 1933, Stalingrad – 21 February 2014) was a Soviet/Russian diplomat, Ambassador, professor in history, politician and writer.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arusha_Accords_(Rwanda)

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