207 relations: Acorus, Adanson system, Adolf Engler, Agapanthoideae, Agapanthus, Agave, Agavoideae, Alania cunninghamii, Alismatales, Alismatid monocots, Aliso, Allieae, Allioideae, Allium, Aloe, Alstroemeriaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Amaryllideae, Amaryllidoideae, Amaryllis, American Journal of Botany, Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, APG II system, APG III system, APG system, Aphyllanthes, Arecales, Asparagaceae, Asparagoideae, Asparagus, Asparagus (genus), Asphodelaceae, Asphodeloideae, Asteliaceae, August W. Eichler, Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Bentham & Hooker system, Blandfordia, Borya, Boryaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Bratislava, Brodiaeoideae, Carl Linnaeus, Cell nucleus, Cereal, Charles Darwin, ..., Chromosome, Circumscribed circle, Circumscription (taxonomy), Cladogram, Class (biology), Commelinales, Commelinids, Conserved name, Convallaria, Cordyline, Cretaceous, Cronquist system, Crop, Crown group, Cut flowers, Cypripedioideae, Dahlgren system, Darwinism, Dasypogonaceae, Daylily, De Jussieu system, Dicotyledon, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Dioscorea, Dioscoreales, DNA, DNA sequencing, Doryanthes, Dracaena (plant), Edward Bromhead, Eichler system, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endosperm, Engler system, Eriospermum, Eudicots, Family (biology), Flower, Flowering plant, Freesia, Garlic, Genetic divergence, Genus, Gilliesieae, Gladiolus, Glumaceae, Gynoecium, Hemerocallidoideae, Herbaceous plant, Herbarium, Herbert Huber, Herbert Huber (botanist), Hierarchy, Hyacinth (plant), Hypoxidaceae, Inflorescence, International Association for Plant Taxonomy, Iridaceae, Iris (plant), Ixiolirion, Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire, Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link, Johannes Paulus Lotsy, John Lindley, Kubitzki system, Lamiales, Lanaria, Leaf, Leek, Liliaceae, Liliales, Lilianae, Lilioid monocots, Lilioideae, Lindley system, Linnaean taxonomy, Lomandra, Lomandroideae, Maianthemum, Meiosis, Meristem, Michel Adanson, Missouri Botanical Garden, Molecular phylogenetics, Monocotyledon, Monophyly, Mycorrhiza, Narcissus (plant), Natural History Museum, London, Nectar, Nolina, Nolinoideae, On the Origin of Species, Onion, Orchidaceae, Order (biology), Ornamental plant, Ornithogalum, Ovary (botany), Pandanales, Paraphyly, Perennial plant, Petrosaviaceae, Phylogenetic tree, Phylogenetics, Phylum, Phytomelanin, Plant morphology, Plant stem, Poaceae, Poales, Pollen, Polyphyly, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Richard Wettstein, Robert Brown (botanist, born 1773), Rolf Dahlgren, Rosette (botany), Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Samuel Frederick Gray, Scilloideae, Secondary growth, Seed, Sensu, Septum, Sister group, Species, Species Plantarum, Stamen, Starch, Storage organ, Succulent plant, Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, Synapomorphy and apomorphy, Taxon, Taxonomy (biology), Taxonomy of Liliaceae, Tecophilaeaceae, Telomere, Tepal, The Plantsman (magazine), Tree, Tropicos, Type (biology), Type genus, University and State Library Düsseldorf, Vanilla, Vanilla (genus), Vanilloideae, Vine, Wettstein system, Xanthorrhoea, Xeronemataceae, Year, Yucca, Zingiberales. Expand index (157 more) » « Shrink index
Acorus is a genus of monocot flowering plants.
The Adanson system published by French botanist Michel Adanson as the Familles des plantes in two volumes in 1763 was an important step in botanical nomenclature by establishing the ordering of genera into families.
Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (25 March 1844 – 10 October 1930) was a German botanist.
Agapanthoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales.
Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae.
Agave is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the Southwestern United States.
Agavoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales.
Alania is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Boryaceae, endemic to the State of New South Wales in Australia.
The Alismatales (alismatids) are an order of flowering plants including about 4500 species.
Alismatid monocots (alismatids, basal monocots) is an informal name for a group of early branching (hence basal) monocots, consisting of two orders, the Acorales and Alismatales.
Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes original research on plant taxonomy and evolutionary botany with a worldwide scope, but with a particular focus on the floristics of the Western United States.
Allieae is a tribe of plants belonging to the subfamily Allioideae of the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae).
Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales.
Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.
Aloe, also written Aloë, is a genus containing over 500 species of flowering succulent plants.
Alstroemeriaceae is a family of flowering plants, with 254 known species in four genera (Christenhusz & Byng 2016), almost entirely native to the Americas, from Central America to southern South America.
The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.
Amaryllideae are a tribe of subfamily Amaryllidoideae (family Amaryllidaceae).
Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s., amaryllids) is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales.
Amaryllis is the only genus in the subtribe Amaryllidinae (tribe Amaryllideae).
The American Journal of Botany is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal which covers all aspects of plant biology.
The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, or APG, refers to an informal international group of systematic botanists who collaborate to establish a consensus on the taxonomy of flowering plants (angiosperms) that reflects new knowledge about plant relationships discovered through phylogenetic studies.
The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (or APweb) is a well-known website dedicated to research on angiosperm phylogeny and taxonomy.
The Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden is a long-established major peer-reviewed journal of botany, established in 1914 by the Missouri Botanical Garden, under the directorship of botanist and phycologist, George Thomas Moore, and still published quarterly by the Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (12 April 1748 – 17 September 1836) was a French botanist, notable as the first to publish a natural classification of flowering plants; much of his system remains in use today.
The APG II system (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II system) of plant classification is the second, now obsolete, version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy that was published in April 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group.
The APG III system of flowering plant classification is the third version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy being developed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG).
The APG system (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system) of plant classification is the first version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy.
Aphyllanthes is a genus of flowering plants with only one species, Aphyllanthes monspeliensis, endemic to the western Mediterranean region.
Arecales is an order of flowering plants.
Asparagaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
Asparagoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales, according to the APG III system of 2009.
Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.
Asparagus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Asparagoideae.
Asphodelaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Asparagales.
Asphodeloideae is a subfamily of the monocot family Asphodelaceae in the order Asparagales.
Asteliaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
August Wilhelm Eichler, also known under his Latinized name, Augustus Guilielmus Eichler (22 April 1839 – 2 March 1887), was a German botanist who developed a new system of classification of plants to reflect the concept of evolution.
Augustin Pyramus de Candolle also spelled Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (4 February 17789 September 1841) was a Swiss botanist.
A taxonomic system, the Bentham & Hooker system for seed plants, was published in Bentham and Hooker's Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata definita in three volumes between 1862 and 1883.
Blandfordia is a genus of flowering plants, placed in the family Blandfordiaceae of the order Asparagales of the monocots. The genus is native to eastern Australia. Plants in this genus are commonly referred to as Christmas bells due to the shape of their flowers and the timing of their flowering season in Australia. Blandfordia was named by English botanist James Edward Smith in 1804 in honour of George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough, the Marquis of Blandford.
Borya is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boryaceae, endemic to Australia.
Boryaceae is a family of highly drought-tolerant flowering plants native to Australia, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society is a scientific journal publishing original papers relating to the taxonomy of all plant groups and fungi, including anatomy, biosystematics, cytology, ecology, ethnobotany, electron microscopy, morphogenesis, palaeobotany, palynology and phytochemistry.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Brodiaeoideae are a monocot subfamily of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
In geometry, the circumscribed circle or circumcircle of a polygon is a circle which passes through all the vertices of the polygon.
In biological taxonomy, circumscription is the definition of a taxon, that is, a group of organisms.
A cladogram (from Greek clados "branch" and gramma "character") is a diagram used in cladistics to show relations among organisms.
In biological classification, class (classis) is a taxonomic rank, as well as a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank.
Commelinales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
In plant taxonomy, commelinids (originally commelinoids) (plural, not capitalised) is a name used by the APG IV system for a clade within the monocots, which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms.
A conserved name or nomen conservandum (plural nomina conservanda, abbreviated as nom. cons.) is a scientific name that has specific nomenclatural protection.
Convallaria is a genus of flowering plants.
Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
The Cronquist system is a taxonomic classification system of flowering plants.
A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.
In phylogenetics, the crown group of a collection of species consists of the living representatives of the collection together with their ancestors back to their most recent common ancestor as well as all of that ancestor's descendants.
Cut flowers are flowers or flower buds (often with some stem and leaf) that have been cut from the plant bearing it.
Lady's slipper orchids (also known as lady slipper orchids or slipper orchids) are orchids in the subfamily Cypripedioideae, which comprises the genera Cypripedium, Mexipedium, Paphiopedilum, Phragmipedium and Selenipedium.
One of the modern systems of plant taxonomy, the Dahlgren system was published by monocot specialist Rolf Dahlgren in 1975 and revised in 1977, and 1980.
Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and others, stating that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.
Dasypogonaceae is a family of flowering plants.
A daylily is a flowering plant in the genus Hemerocallis.
An early system of plant taxonomy, the de Jussieu System, is of great importance as a starting point of botanical nomenclature at the rank of family, together with Michel Adanson's Familles naturelles des plantes (1763).
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.
Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (1887–1915) by Adolf Engler and Karl Anton Prantl is a complete revision of plant families down to generic level and often even further.
Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.
The Dioscoreales are an order of monocotyledonous flowering plants in modern classification systems, such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.
Doryanthes is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Doryanthaceae.
Dracaena (derived from the romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα – drakaina, "female dragon") is a genus of about 120 species of trees and succulent shrubs.
Sir Edward Thomas Ffrench Bromhead, 2nd Baronet FRS FRSE (26 March 1789 – 14 March 1855) was a British landowner and mathematician best remembered as patron of the mathematician and physicist George Green.
A system of plant taxonomy, the Eichler system was the first phylogenetic (phyletic) or evolutionary system.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The endosperm is the tissue produced inside the seeds of most of the flowering plants following fertilization.
One of the prime systems of plant taxonomy, the Engler system was devised by Adolf Engler (1844–1930), and is featured in two major taxonomic texts he authored or coauthored.
Eriospermum is a genus of tuberous flowering plants.
The eudicots, Eudicotidae or eudicotyledons are a clade of flowering plants that had been called tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots by previous authors.
In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Freesia is a genus of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1866 by Chr.
Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.
Genetic divergence is the process in which two or more populations of an ancestral species accumulate independent genetic changes (mutations) through time, often after the populations have become reproductively isolated for some period of time.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Gilliesieae is a tribe of herbaceous geophyte plants belonging to the subfamily Allioideae of the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae).
Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae).
Glumaceae is a descriptive botanical name.
Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.
Hemerocallidoideae is the botanical name of a subfamily of flowering plants, part of the family Asphodelaceae sensu lato in the monocot order Asparagales according to the APG system of 2016.
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.
A herbarium (plural: herbaria) is a collection of preserved plant specimens and associated data used for scientific study.
Herbert Huber (4 December 1944 – 15 July 1970) was an Austrian alpine skier and Olympic medalist.
Herbert Franz Josef Huber (1 January 1931 – 1 October 2005) was a German botanist.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
Hyacinthus is a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae.
Hypoxidaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.
The International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) promotes an understanding of plant biodiversity, facilitates international communication of research between botanists, and oversees matters of uniformity and stability in plant names.
Iridaceae is a family of plants in order Asparagales, taking its name from the irises, meaning rainbow, referring to its many colours.
Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.
Ixiolirion is a genus of flowering plants native to central and southwest Asia, first described as a genus in 1821.
Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire (October 29, 1772 – 1845) was a French naturalist and artist, born in Grasse, France.
Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link (2 February 1767 – 1 January 1851) was a German naturalist and botanist.
Johannes Paulus Lotsy (April 11, 1867 – November 17, 1931) was a Dutch botanist, specializing in evolution and heredity.
John Lindley FRS (5 February 1799 – 1 November 1865) was an English botanist, gardener and orchidologist.
The Kubitzki system is a system of plant taxonomy devised by Klaus Kubitzki, and is the product of an ongoing survey of vascular plants, entitled The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, and extending to 13 volumes in 2015.
The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants.
Lanaria is a monotypic genus of flowering plants containing a single species, Lanaria lanata, endemic to the southern coast of South Africa where it is associated with the fynbos belt.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
The leek is a vegetable, a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum, the broadleaf wild leek.
The lily family, Liliaceae, consists of fifteen genera and about 705 known species (Christenhusz & Byng 2016) of flowering plants within the order Liliales.
Liliales (older name: Lilia) is an order of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and Angiosperm Phylogeny Web system, within the lilioid monocots.
Lilianae (also known as Liliiflorae) is a botanical name, for a superorder (that is, a rank higher than that of order) of flowering plants.
Lilioid monocots (lilioids, liliid monocots, petaloid monocots, petaloid lilioid monocots) is an informal name used for a grade (grouping of taxa with common characteristics) of five monocot orders (Petrosaviales, Dioscoreales, Pandanales, Liliales and Asparagales) in which the majority of species have flowers with relatively large, coloured tepals.
The Lilioideae are a subfamily of monocotyledon perennial, herbaceous mainly bulbous flowering plants in the Liliaceae (Lily) family.
An early system of plant taxonomy, the Lindley system, was first published by John Lindley as An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (Natural History, 1830).
Linnaean taxonomy can mean either of two related concepts.
Lomandra (also known as mat rushes) is a genus of perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.
Lomandroideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales, according to the APG III system of 2009.
Maianthemum (Latin Māia "May" and Greek ánthemon "flower"; including former Smilacina) is a genus of rhizomatous, herbaceous, perennial flowering plants, native to the understory of woodlands.
Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.
Michel Adanson (7 April 17273 August 1806) was an 18th-century French botanist and naturalist, of Scottish descent.
The Missouri Botanical Garden is a botanical garden located at 4344 Shaw Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri.
Molecular phylogenetics is the branch of phylogeny that analyzes genetic, hereditary molecular differences, predominately in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships.
Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
A mycorrhiza (from Greek μύκης mýkēs, "fungus", and ῥίζα rhiza, "root"; pl. mycorrhizae, mycorrhiza or mycorrhizas) is a symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of a vascular host plant.
Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
Nectar is a sugar-rich liquid produced by plants in glands called nectaries, either within the flowers with which it attracts pollinating animals, or by extrafloral nectaries, which provide a nutrient source to animal mutualists, which in turn provide antiherbivore protection.
Nolina is a genus of tropical xerophytic flowering plants, with the principal distribution being in Mexico and extending into the southern United States.
Nolinoideae is a monocot subfamily of the family Asparagaceae in the APG III system of 2009.
On the Origin of Species (or more completely, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life),The book's full original title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
Ornithogalum is a genus of perennial plants mostly native to southern Europe and southern Africa belonging to the family Asparagaceae.
In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.
Pandanales (pandans or screw-pines) is the botanical name for an order of flowering plants placed in the monocot clade in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and Angiosperm Phylogeny Web systems.
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.
A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.
Petrosaviaceae is a family of flowering plants belonging to a monotypic order, Petrosaviales.
A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a branching diagram or "tree" showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species or other entities—their phylogeny—based upon similarities and differences in their physical or genetic characteristics.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
In biology, a phylum (plural: phyla) is a level of classification or taxonomic rank below Kingdom and above Class.
Phytomelanin (phytomelan) is a black, inert, organic material that forms a crust-like covering of some seeds, commonly found in Asparagales and Asteraceae but uncommon in other taxonomic groupings.
Plant morphology or phytomorphology is the study of the physical form and external structure of plants.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
The Poales are a large order of flowering plants in the monocotyledons, and includes families of plants such as the grasses, bromeliads, and sedges.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
A polyphyletic group is a set of organisms, or other evolving elements, that have been grouped together but do not share an immediate common ancestor.
Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.
Richard Wettstein (30 June 1863 in Vienna – 10 August 1931 in Trins) was an Austrian botanist.
Robert Brown FRSE FRS FLS MWS (21 December 1773 – 10 June 1858) was a Scottish botanist and palaeobotanist who made important contributions to botany largely through his pioneering use of the microscope.
Rolf Martin Theodor Dahlgren (7 July 1932 – 14 February 1987) was a Swedish-Danish botanist, professor at the University of Copenhagen from 1973 to his death.
In botany, a rosette is a circular arrangement of leaves or of structures resembling leaves.
The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) is a scientific centre for the study of plants, their diversity and conservation, as well as a popular tourist attraction.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Samuel Frederick Gray (10 December 1766 – 12 April 1828) was a British botanist, mycologist, and pharmacologist.
Scilloideae (named after the genus Scilla, "squill") is a subfamily of bulbous plants within the family Asparagaceae.
In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Sensu is a Latin word meaning "in the sense of".
In biology, a septum (Latin for something that encloses; plural septa) is a wall, dividing a cavity or structure into smaller ones.
A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") is a book by Carl Linnaeus, originally published in 1753, which lists every species of plant known at the time, classified into genera.
The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of carbohydrates) or water.
In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions.
Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien (1892–) by Adolf Engler (1844–1930) is a complete revision of plant families down to generic level and often even further.
In phylogenetics, apomorphy and synapomorphy refer to derived characters of a clade – characters or traits that are derived from ancestral characters over evolutionary history.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
The taxonomy of Liliaceae has had a complex history since the first description of this flowering plant family in the mid-eighteenth century.
Tecophilaeaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration or from fusion with neighboring chromosomes.
A tepal is one of the outer parts of a flower (collectively the perianth) when these parts cannot easily be divided into two kinds, sepals and petals.
The Plantsman, published quarterly by the Royal Horticultural Society, is a 68-page magazine "dedicated to a deeper understanding and appreciation of garden plants." Its authoritative articles are written by acknowledged experts on plant-related subjects, including plant profiles, horticulture, botany and the development of garden plants, focusing on ornamental plants grown in temperate gardens.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
Tropicos is an online botanical database containing taxonomic information on plants, mainly from the Neotropical ecozone (Central, and South America).
In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.
In biological classification, especially zoology, the type genus is the genus which defines a biological family and the root of the family name.
The University and State Library Düsseldorf (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf, abbreviated ULB Düsseldorf) is a central service institution of Heinrich Heine University.
Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia).
Vanilla, the vanilla orchids, forms a flowering plant genus of about 110 species in the orchid family (Orchidaceae).
Vanilloideae is one of the subfamilies of orchids belonging to the large family Orchidaceae.
A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners.
A system of plant taxonomy, the Wettstein system recognised the following main groups, according to Richard Wettstein's Handbuch der Systematischen Botanik (1901–1924).
Xanthorrhoea is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants endemic to Australia, and is a member of the family Asphodelaceae, being the only member of the subfamily Xanthorrhoeoideae.
Xeronemataceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.
A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun.
Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.
The Zingiberales are flowering plants forming one of four orders in the commelinids clade of monocots, together with its sister order, Commelinales.