60 relations: Acid dissociation constant, Acrylate polymer, Alpha helix, Amine, Ammonia, Asparagine, Asparagus, Aspartame, Aspartate transaminase, Asx motif, Asx turn, Auguste-Arthur Plisson, Avocado, Étienne Ossian Henry, Biodegradation, Conjugate acid, De novo synthesis, Diaper, Dietary supplement, Enantiomer, Essential amino acid, Feminine hygiene, Genetic code, Gluconeogenesis, Glutamic acid, Glutamine, Hydrolysis, Inosine, Isoleucine, Lead hydroxide, Lysine, Magnesium aspartate, Malate-aspartate shuttle, Malic acid, Metabolite, Methionine, Microorganism, Molasses, NMDA receptor, Oat, Oxaloacetic acid, Polyamide, Polyaspartic acid, Protein, Proteinogenic amino acid, Purine, Racemic mixture, Salt (chemistry), Serviceable available market, Sodium polyaspartate, ..., Sugar beet, Sugarcane, Superabsorbent polymer, Threonine, Total addressable market, Transaminase, Transamination, Urea, Urea cycle, Urinary incontinence. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
Acrylate polymers belong to a group of polymers which could be referred to generally as plastics.
The alpha helix (α-helix) is a common motif in the secondary structure of proteins and is a righthand-spiral conformation (i.e. helix) in which every backbone N−H group donates a hydrogen bond to the backbone C.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Asparagine (symbol Asn or N), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
Aspartate transaminase (AST) or aspartate aminotransferase, also known as AspAT/ASAT/AAT or serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), is a pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaminase enzyme that was first described by Arthur Karmen and colleagues in 1954.
The Asx motif is a commonly occurring feature in proteins and polypeptides.
The Asx turn is a structural feature in proteins and polypeptides.
Auguste-Arthur Plisson (died August 1832) was a French chemist.
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
Étienne-Ossian Henry (27 November 1798 in Paris – 26 August 1873) was a French chemist, son of Nöel Étienne Henry (1769–1832), and trained by his father, who was director of the Central Pharmacy of the Parisian hospitals and professor in the School of Pharmacy.
Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.
A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.
De novo synthesis refers to the synthesis of complex molecules from simple molecules such as sugars or amino acids, as opposed to recycling after partial degradation.
A diaper (American English) or a nappy (Australian English and British English) is a type of underwear that allows the wearer to defecate or urinate without the use of a toilet, by absorbing or containing waste products to prevent soiling of outer clothing or the external environment.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).
An essential amino acid, or indispensable amino acid, is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized ''de novo'' (from scratch) by the organism, and thus must be supplied in its diet.
Feminine hygiene products (also called menstrual hygiene products) are personal care products used by women, for menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.
The genetic code is the set of rules used by living cells to translate information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) into proteins.
Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
Isoleucine (symbol Ile or I) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Lead hydroxide may refer to.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Magnesium aspartate, the chelated magnesium salt of aspartic acid, it is a mineral supplement.
The malate-aspartate shuttle (sometimes also the malate shuttle) is a biochemical system for translocating electrons produced during glycolysis across the semipermeable inner membrane of the mitochondrion for oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotes.
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
Methionine (symbol Met or M) is an essential amino acid in humans.
A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
Molasses, or black treacle (British, for human consumption; known as molasses otherwise), is a viscous product resulting from refining sugarcane or sugar beets into sugar.
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.
The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).
Oxaloacetic acid (also known as oxalacetic acid) is a crystalline organic compound with the chemical formula HO2CC(O)CH2CO2H.
A polyamide is a macromolecule with repeating units linked by amide bonds.
Polyaspartic acid (PASA) is a biodegradable, water-soluble polymerized amino acid.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Proteinogenic amino acids are amino acids that are incorporated biosynthetically into proteins during translation.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
In chemistry, a racemic mixture, or racemate, is one that has equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers of a chiral molecule.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Serviceable addressable market (SAM; also served available market) is the part of the total addressable market (TAM) that can actually be reached.
Sodium polyaspartate is a sodium salt of polyaspartic acid.
A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Superabsorbent polymer (also called slush powder) can absorb and retain extremely large amounts of a liquid relative to their own mass.
Threonine (symbol Thr or T) is an amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Total addressable market (TAM), also called total available market, is a term that is typically used to reference the revenue opportunity available for a product or service.
Transaminases or aminotransferases are enzymes that catalyze a transamination reaction between an amino acid and an α-keto acid.
Transamination, a chemical reaction that transfers an amino group to a ketoacid to form new amino acids.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).
Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine.
1-Aspartic Acid, Aminosuccinic acid, Asparagic acid, Asparagine acid, Asparaginic acid, Asparate, Aspartate, Aspartic, Aspartic Acid, Aspartic acid metabolism, Aspartyl, Aspatofort, Calcium aspartate, D-aspartate, D-aspartic acid, HO2CCH(NH2)CH2CO2H, HOOCCH(NH2)CH2COOH, L-Aspartic Acid, L-aspartate.