152 relations: Abel Gance, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy ratio, Active Format Description, Advanced Photo System, Amazon Video, American Society of Cinematographers, Anamorphic format, Anamorphic widescreen, Ben-Hur (1959 film), Blu-ray, Bollywood, Canon Inc., Chrome OS, Chromebook Pixel, CinemaScope, Cinerama, Circle-Vision 360°, Color Graphics Adapter, Computer Animation Production System, Computer display standard, Computer monitor, Credit card, Cropping (image), D-1 (Sony), Digital image, Digital single-lens reflex camera, Digital television, Digital video, Digital zoom, Disneyland, Display resolution, DVD, Facebook, Film, Film industry, Film perforations, Four Thirds system, Freeform (TV channel), Full frame, Game Boy Advance, Gareth Edwards (director), George Stevens, Gladiator (2000 film), Glossary of video terms, Golden ratio, Hallelujah (film), High-definition television, High-definition video, Home cinema, ..., House of Cards (U.S. TV series), How the West Was Won (film), HTC U11, Huawei Mate 10, IMAX, Inch, Index of articles related to motion pictures, Instagram, Instant film, ISO 216, It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Large format, Letterboxing (filming), LG G6, LG V30, List of common resolutions, List of motion picture film formats, Lucasfilm, M (1931 film), Matte (filmmaking), Medium format (film), Micro Four Thirds system, Movie camera, Movie theater, Movietone sound system, MPEG-2, Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding, Napoléon (1927 film), Negative pulldown, Netflix, Nikon, Nikon DX format, Nintendo 3DS, OnePlus 5T, Open matte, PALplus, Pan and scan, Panasonic, Panavision, Panorama, Paper size, Paramount Pictures, Photo print sizes, Pillarbox, Pixel 2, Pixel aspect ratio, Point-and-shoot camera, Polaroid Corporation, Polyvision, Quentin Tarantino, Red Digital Cinema, Rogue One, Samsung Galaxy Note 8, Samsung Galaxy S8, Samsung Galaxy S9, SCART, Shane (film), Shoot and protect, Silent film, Silver ratio, Snapchat, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sound-on-film, Sprocket, Still camera, Still photography, Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, Super 35, Surface Pro 3, Surface Studio, Television, The Hateful Eight, The Jungle Book (1967 film), The Walt Disney Company, Thomas Edison, Todd-AO, Transcoding, Transparent (TV series), Twitter, Ultra Panavision 70, United Kingdom, United States, Universal Pictures, Univisium, Vertical video, Video, Video Graphics Array, Videography, VistaVision, Vittorio Storaro, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Widescreen, Widescreen signaling, William Kennedy Dickson, Windowbox (filmmaking), 120 film, 135 film, 14:9, 16:10, 16:9, 2-in-1 PC, 21:9 aspect ratio. Expand index (102 more) » « Shrink index
Abel Gance (25 October 188910 November 1981) was a French film director and producer, writer and actor.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
The Academy ratio of 1.375:1 (abbreviated as 1.37:1) is an aspect ratio of a frame of 35mm film when used with 4-perf pulldown.
In television technology, Active Format Description (AFD) is a standard set of codes that can be sent in the MPEG video stream or in the baseband SDI video signal that carries information about their aspect ratio and active picture characteristics.
Advanced Photo System (APS) is a discontinued film format for still photography first produced in 1996.
Amazon Video is an Internet video on demand service that is developed, owned, and operated by Amazon.com.
The American Society of Cinematographers (ASC), founded in 1919, is an educational, cultural, and professional organization.
Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
Anamorphic widescreen (also called Full height anamorphic) is a process by which a comparatively wide widescreen image is horizontally compressed to fit into a storage medium (photographic film or MPEG-2 Standard Definition frame, for example) with a narrower aspect ratio, reducing the horizontal resolution of the image while keeping its full original vertical resolution.
Ben-Hur is a 1959 American epic religious drama film, directed by William Wyler, produced by Sam Zimbalist for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and starring Charlton Heston as the title character.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
Chrome OS is an operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.
The Chromebook Pixel is a laptop at the high end of Google's Chromebook family of machines, which all come preinstalled with Chrome OS operating system.
CinemaScope is an anamorphic lens series used, from 1953 to 1967, for shooting widescreen movies.
Cinerama is a widescreen process that originally projected images simultaneously from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply curved screen, subtending 146° of arc.
Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle.
The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
The Computer Animation Production System (CAPS) was a digital ink and paint system used in animated feature films, the first at a major studio, designed to replace the expensive process of transferring animated drawings to cels using India ink or xerographic technology, and painting the reverse sides of the cels with gouache paint.
Computer display standards are a combination of aspect ratio, display size, display resolution, color depth, and refresh rate.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
Cropping is the removal of unwanted outer areas from a photographic or illustrated image.
D-1 or 4:2:2 Component Digital is a SMPTE digital recording video standard, introduced in 1986 through efforts by SMPTE engineering committees.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
Digital zoom is a method of decreasing the apparent angle of view of a digital photographic or video image.
Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, opened on July 17, 1955.
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Film perforations, also known as perfs and sprocket holes, are the holes placed in the film stock during manufacturing and used for transporting (by sprockets and claws) and steadying (by pin registration) the film.
The Four Thirds System is a standard created by Olympus and Eastman Kodak for digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) and mirrorless camera design and development.
Freeform is an American cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Disney–ABC Television Group division of The Walt Disney Company.
In cinematography, full frame refers to the use of the full film gate at maximum width and height for 35 mm film cameras.
The Game Boy Advance (GBA) is a 32-bit handheld video game console developed, manufactured and marketed by Nintendo as the successor to the Game Boy Color.
Gareth James Edwards (born 13 July 1975) is an English film director, film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, production designer, and visual effects artist.
George Cooper Stevens (December 18, 1904 – March 8, 1975) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter and cinematographer.
Gladiator is a 2000 epic historical drama film directed by Ridley Scott and written by David Franzoni, John Logan, and William Nicholson.
This glossary defines terms that are used in the document, developed by the.
In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.
Hallelujah! is a 1929 American Pre-Code Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musical directed by King Vidor, and starring Daniel L. Haynes and Nina Mae McKinney.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.
Home cinema, also called home theater or home theatre, refers to home entertainment audio-visual systems that seek to reproduce a movie theater experience and mood using consumer electronics-grade video and audio equipment that is set up in a room or backyard of a private home.
House of Cards is an American political thriller web television series created by Beau Willimon.
How the West Was Won is a 1962 American Metrocolor epic-Western film.
The HTC U11 is an Android smartphone manufactured and sold by HTC as part of the HTC U series.
The Huawei Mate 10, Huawei Mate 10 Pro and Huawei Mate 10 Porsche Design are high-end Android smartphones, designed and marketed by Huawei as part of the Huawei Mate series.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
The film industry is built upon a large number of technologies and techniques, drawing upon photography, stagecraft, music, and many other disciplines.
Instagram is a photo and video-sharing social networking service owned by Facebook, Inc. It was created by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, and launched in October 2010 exclusively on iOS.
Instant film is a type of photographic film introduced by Polaroid to be used in an instant camera (and, with accessory hardware, many other professional film cameras).
ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes used in most countries in the world today, although not in Canada, the United States, Mexico, or the Dominican Republic.
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World is a 1963 American epic comedy film, produced and directed by Stanley Kramer and starring Spencer Tracy with an all-star cast, about the madcap pursuit of $350,000 in stolen cash by a diverse and colorful group of strangers.
Large format refers to any imaging format of 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.
Letterboxing is the practice of transferring film shot in a widescreen aspect ratio to standard-width video formats while preserving the film's original aspect ratio.
The LG G6 is an Android smartphone developed by LG Electronics as part of the LG G series.
The LG V30 is an Android phablet manufactured by LG Electronics as part of the LG V series.
This article lists computer monitor screen resolutions that are defined by standards or in common use.
This list of film formats catalogues formats developed for shooting or viewing motion pictures, ranging from the Chronophotographe format from 1888, to mid-20th century formats such as the 1953 CinemaScope format, to more recent formats such as the 1992 IMAX HD format.
M (M – Eine Stadt sucht einen Mörder — M – A City Searches for a Murderer) is a 1931 German horror drama-thriller film directed by Fritz Lang and starring Peter Lorre.
Mattes are used in photography and special effects filmmaking to combine two or more image elements into a single, final image.
Medium format has traditionally referred to a film format in still photography and the related cameras and equipment that use film.
The Micro Four Thirds system (MFT or M4/3) is a standard released by Olympus and Panasonic in 2008, for the design and development of mirrorless interchangeable lens digital cameras, camcorders and lenses.
The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
The Movietone sound system is an optical sound-on-film method of recording sound for motion pictures that guarantees synchronization between sound and picture.
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MUSE (Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding), was a dot-interlaced digital video compression system that used analog modulation for transmission to deliver 1125-line high definition video signals to the home.
Napoléon is a 1927 silent French epic film written, produced, and directed by Abel Gance that tells the story of Napoleon's early years.
Negative pulldown is the manner in which an image is exposed on a film stock, described in the number of film perforations spanned by an individual frame.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
The Nikon DX format is an alternative name used by Nikon corporation for APS-C image sensor format being approximately 24x16 mm.
The Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console produced by Nintendo.
The OnePlus 5T is an Android smartphone made by OnePlus.
Open matte is a filming technique that involves matting out the top and bottom of the film frame in the movie projector (known as a soft matte) for the widescreen theatrical release and then scanning the film without a matte (at Academy ratio) for a full screen home video release.
PALplus (or PAL+) is an analogue television broadcasting system aimed to improve and enhance the PAL format while remaining compatible with existing television receivers.
Pan and scan is a method of adjusting widescreen film images so that they can be shown in fullscreen proportions of a standard definition 4:3 aspect ratio television screen, often cropping off the sides of the original widescreen image to focus on the composition's most important aspects.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Panavision is an American motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
Many paper size standards conventions have existed at different times and in different countries.
Paramount Pictures Corporation (also known simply as Paramount) is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994.
Standard photographic print sizes are used in photographic printing.
The pillarbox effect occurs in widescreen video displays when black bars (mattes or masking) are placed on the sides of the image.
Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL are Android smartphones designed, developed and marketed by Google.
Pixel aspect ratio (often abbreviated PAR) is a mathematical ratio that describes how the width of a pixel in a digital image compares to the height of that pixel.
A point-and-shoot camera, also known as compact camera, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation.
Polaroid is an American company that is a brand licensor and marketer of its portfolio of consumer electronics to companies that distribute consumer electronics and eyewear.
Polyvision was the name given by the French film critic Émile Vuillermoz to a specialized widescreen film format devised exclusively for the filming and projection of Abel Gance's 1927 film Napoleon.
Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American director, writer, and actor.
The Red Digital Cinema is an American company that manufactures digital cinematography and photography cameras and accessories.
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, or simply Rogue One, is a 2016 American space opera film directed by Gareth Edwards.
The Samsung Galaxy Note 8 (marketed as Samsung Galaxy Note8) is an Android phablet smartphone designed, developed and marketed by Samsung Electronics.
The Samsung Galaxy S8, Samsung Galaxy S8+ (shortened to S8 and S8+, respectively) and Samsung Galaxy S8 Active are Android phablet smartphones (with the S8+ being the phablet smartphone) produced by Samsung Electronics as their eighth generation of the Samsung Galaxy S series.
The Samsung Galaxy S9 and Samsung Galaxy S9+ (shortened to S9 and S9+, respectively) are Android smartphones produced by Samsung Electronics as part of the Samsung Galaxy S series.
SCART (from Syndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils Radiorécepteurs et Téléviseurs, "Radio and Television Receiver Manufacturers' Association") is a French-originated standard and associated 21-pin connector for connecting audio-visual (AV) equipment.
Shane is a 1953 American Technicolor Western film from Paramount Pictures,Variety film review; April 15, 1953, page 6.
Shoot and protect is a technique used in video and film production, in which the material is shot in such a way that the areas of interest within a frame lie within a rectangular "protected area" within the frame, with margins at top and bottom and both sides.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
In mathematics, two quantities are in the silver ratio (also silver mean or silver constant) if the ratio of the sum of the smaller and twice the larger of those quantities, to the larger quantity, is the same as the ratio of the larger one to the smaller one (see below).
Snapchat is a multimedia messaging app used globally, created by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown, former students at Stanford University, and developed by Snap Inc., originally Snapchat Inc.
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.
Sound-on-film is a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.
A sprocket or sprocket-wheel is a profiled wheel with teeth, or cogs, that mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material.
A still camera is a type of camera used to take photographs.
Still photography is the practice of making non-moving photographs, as distinct from motion picture photography (cinematography).
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (also known as Sunrise) is a 1927 American silent romantic drama film directed by German director F. W. Murnau and starring George O'Brien, Janet Gaynor, and Margaret Livingston.
Super 35 (originally known as Superscope 235) is a motion picture film format that uses exactly the same film stock as standard 35 mm film, but puts a larger image frame on that stock by using the negative space normally reserved for the optical analog sound track.
The Surface Pro 3 is the third-generation Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable, designed, developed, marketed, and produced by Microsoft, which originally ran the Windows 8 Pro operating system (OS), but the optional upgrade to Windows 10 Pro (OS) operating system was later added.
The Surface Studio is an all-in-one PC, designed and produced by Microsoft as part of its Surface series of Windows-based personal computing devices.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The Hateful Eight (often marketed as The H8ful Eight) is a 2015 American Western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino.
The Jungle Book is a 1967 American animated musical comedy adventure film produced by Walt Disney Productions.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Todd-AO is an American post-production company founded in 1953, providing sound-related services to the motion picture and television industries.
Transcoding is the direct digital-to-digital conversion of one encoding to another, such as for movie data files (e.g., PAL, SECAM, NTSC), audio files (e.g., MP3, WAV), or character encoding (e.g., UTF-8, ISO/IEC 8859).
Transparent is an American comedy-drama web television series created by Jill Soloway for Amazon Studios that debuted on February 6, 2014.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
Ultra Panavision 70 and MGM Camera 65 were, from 1957 to 1966, the marketing brands that identified motion pictures photographed with Panavision's anamorphic movie camera lenses.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
Univisium (macaronic Latin for "unity of images") is a proposed universal film format created by cinematographer Vittorio Storaro, ASC, AIC and his son, Fabrizio, to unify all future theatrical and television movies into one respective aspect ratio of 2:1 (18:9).
A vertical video is a video created either by a camera or computer that is intended for viewing in portrait mode, producing an image that is taller than it is wide, rather than the widescreen format normalised by cinema and television.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Videography refers to the process of capturing moving images on electronic media (e.g., videotape, direct to disk recording, or solid state storage) and even streaming media.
VistaVision is a higher resolution, widescreen variant of the 35 mm motion picture film format which was created by engineers at Paramount Pictures in 1954.
Vittorio Storaro, A.S.C., A.I.C. (born 24 June 1940) is an Italian cinematographer widely recognized for his work on numerous classic films including Apocalypse Now, The Conformist, and The Last Emperor.
Walt Disney Animation Studios (WDAS), also referred to as Disney Animation, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, is an American animation studio that creates animated feature films, short films, and television specials for The Walt Disney Company.
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios (relationship of image width to height) that is used in film, television and computer screens.
In television technology, widescreen signaling (WSS) is a digital stream embedded in the analog TV signal describing qualities of the broadcast, in particular the intended aspect ratio of the image.
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
Windowboxing (also called either the "postage stamp effect", "gutterboxing", or "matchboxing") in the display of film or video occurs when the aspect ratio of the media is such that the letterbox effect and pillarbox effect occur simultaneously.
120 is a popular film format for still photography introduced by Kodak for their Brownie No.
135 is photographic film in a film format used for still photography.
14:9 is a compromise aspect ratio of 1.56:1.
16:10 is an aspect ratio mostly used for computer displays and tablet computers.
16:9 (1.7:1) (16:9.
A 2-in-1 PC, also known as a 2-in-1 tablet, 2-in-1 laptop, 2-in-1 detachable, laplet, tabtop, or simply 2-in-1, is a portable computer that has features of both tablets and laptops.
21:9 (2.:1) is the approximated screen aspect ratio of the true value 64:27 (2.:1) in comparison to the common ratio of 16:9 (1.:1).
1.33:1, 1.37: 1, 1.37:1, 1.66 : 1, 1.66:1, 1.85:1, 15:9, 2.30:1, 2.35:1, 4:3, 4:3 (Aspect Ratio), 4:3 aspect ratio, 4x3, 5:3, 5:4, All Squished, Aspect ratio (images), DAR (Display Aspect Ratio), Film aspect ratio, Film aspect ratios, Image aspect ratio, List of aspect ratios, Modified Aspect Ratio, Original aspect ratio, Picture aspect ratio, Screen ratio, Storage Aspect Ratio, Storage aspect ratio, Ultra-wide television.