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Asphalt concrete

Index Asphalt concrete

Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams. [1]

65 relations: Aerodrome, Airport, Airport apron, Asphalt, Asphalt plant, Binder (material), Bleeding (roads), Carbon dioxide, Chipseal, Clay, Composite material, Construction aggregate, Crocodile cracking, Ditch, Embankment dam, Emulsion, Engineering, Fatigue (material), Federal Highway Administration, Fossil fuel, Free floating screed, Frost heaving, Frost law, Frost weathering, Geogrid, Highway, Kerosene, Kinetic energy, Landfill, Long-Term Pavement Performance, Macadam, Natural rubber, New Jersey Turnpike, Parking lot, Particulates, Pavement management, Pavement milling, Paver (vehicle), Permeable paving, Petroleum, Plastic armour, Polymer, Pothole, Race track, Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), Recycling, Republic of Ireland, Road surface, Roadway noise, Rubberized asphalt, ..., Rut (roads), Sealcoat, Silt, Soap, Sound, Stamped asphalt, Stone mastic asphalt, Storm drain, Subbase (pavement), Tar, Tire, United Kingdom, Volatile organic compound, Wax, Zeolite. Expand index (15 more) »


An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.

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An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.

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Airport apron

The airport apron or apron, also erroneously known as tarmac, is the area of an airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded.

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Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.

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Asphalt plant

An asphalt plant is a plant used for the manufacture of asphalt, macadam and other forms of coated roadstone, sometimes collectively known as blacktop or asphalt concrete.

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Binder (material)

A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.

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Bleeding (roads)

Bleeding or flushing is shiny, black surface film of asphalt on the road surface caused by upward movement of asphalt in the pavement surface.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Chipseal (also chip seal) is a pavement surface treatment that combines one or more layer(s) of asphalt with one or more layer(s) of fine aggregate.

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Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.

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Composite material

A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

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Construction aggregate

Construction aggregate, or simply "aggregate", is a broad category of coarse to medium grained particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete and geosynthetic aggregates.

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Crocodile cracking

Crocodile cracking, also called alligator cracking and perhaps misleadingly fatigue cracking, is a common type of distress in asphalt pavement.

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A ditch is a small to moderate depression created to channel water.

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Embankment dam

An embankment dam is a large artificial dam.

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An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).

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Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.

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Fatigue (material)

In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.

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Federal Highway Administration

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation.

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Fossil fuel

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

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Free floating screed

The free floating screed is a device pioneered in the 1930s that revolutionized the asphalt paving process.

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Frost heaving

Frost heaving (or a frost heave) is an upwards swelling of soil during freezing conditions caused by an increasing presence of ice as it grows towards the surface, upwards from the depth in the soil where freezing temperatures have penetrated into the soil (the freezing front or freezing boundary).

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Frost law

Frost laws are seasonal restrictions on traffic weight limits and speeds on roadways subject to thaw weakening.

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Frost weathering

Frost weathering is a collective term for several mechanical weathering processes induced by stresses created by the freezing of water into ice.

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A geogrid is geosynthetic material used to reinforce soils and similar materials.

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A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.

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Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.

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Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

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A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.

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Long-Term Pavement Performance

Long-Term Pavement Performance Program, known as LTPP, is a research project supported by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to collect and analyze pavement data in the United States and Canada.

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Macadam is a type of road construction, pioneered by Scottish engineer John Loudon McAdam around 1820, in which single-sized crushed stone layers of small angular stones are placed in shallow lifts and compacted thoroughly.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

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New Jersey Turnpike

The New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP), known colloquially as "the Turnpike", is a toll road in New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

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Parking lot

A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.

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Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.

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Pavement management

Pavement management is the process of planning the maintenance and repair of a network of roadways or other paved facilities in order to optimize pavement conditions over the entire network.

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Pavement milling

Pavement milling (cold planing, asphalt milling, or profiling) is the process of removing at least part of the surface of a paved area such as a road, bridge, or parking lot.

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Paver (vehicle)

A paver (paver finisher, asphalt finisher, paving machine) is a piece of construction equipment used to lay asphalt on roads, bridges, parking lots and other such places.

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Permeable paving

Permeable paving is a method of paving vehicle and pedestrian pathways that allows for infiltration of fluids.

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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Plastic armour

Plastic armour (also known as plastic protection) was a type of vehicle armour originally developed for merchant ships by Edward Terrell of the British Admiralty in 1940.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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A pothole is a structural failure in a road surface, usually asphalt pavement, due to water in the underlying soil structure and traffic passing over the affected area.

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Race track

A race track (or "racetrack", "racing track" or "racing circuit") is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing).

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Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP)

Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is defined as removed pavement materials containing asphalt and aggregates.

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Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

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Road surface

A road surface or pavement is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway.

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Roadway noise

Roadway noise is the collective sound energy emanating from motor vehicles.

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Rubberized asphalt

Rubberized asphalt concrete (RAC), also known as asphalt rubber or just rubberized asphalt, is noise reducing pavement material that consists of regular asphalt concrete mixed with crumb rubber made from recycled tires.

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Rut (roads)

A rut is a depression or groove worn into a road or path by the travel of wheels or skis.

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Sealcoating, or pavement sealing, is the process of applying a protective coating to asphalt-based pavements to provide a layer of protection from the elements: water, oils, and U.V. damage.

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Silt is granular material of a size between sand and clay, whose mineral origin is quartz and feldspar.

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Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.

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In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.

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Stamped asphalt

Stamped asphalt is a decorative product which is made by transforming regular asphalt into imitation brick, stone, or slate.

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Stone mastic asphalt

Stone mastic asphalt (SMA), also called stone-matrix asphalt, was developed in Germany in the 1960s with the first SMA pavements being placed as in 1968 near Kiel.

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Storm drain

A storm drain, storm sewer (U.S. and Canada), surface water drain/sewer (United Kingdom), or stormwater drain (Australia and New Zealand) is designed to drain excess rain and ground water from impervious surfaces such as paved streets, car parks, parking lots, footpaths, sidewalks, and roofs.

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Subbase (pavement)

In highway engineering, subbase is the layer of aggregate material laid on the subgrade, on which the base course layer is located.

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Tar is a dark brown or black viscous liquid of hydrocarbons and free carbon, obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.

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A tire (American English) or tyre (British English; see spelling differences) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

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Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.

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Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.

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Asphalt Concrete, Asphalt mastic, Asphalt paving, Asphalt road, Asphaltic concrete, Asphaltic mastic, Bituminous concrete, Black top, Blacktop, Blacktopping, Mastic asphalt, Porous European Mix, Superpave, Warm-mix asphalt, Wet tar.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asphalt_concrete

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