49 relations: Albanian language, Assibilation, Cherology, Co-articulated consonant, Coarticulation, Consonant harmony, Crasis, Dissimilation, Elision, Epenthesis, Gallo-Brittonic languages, Germanic a-mutation, Germanic languages, Historical linguistics, I-mutation, Insular Celtic languages, Italian language, Jevnica, Labialization, Latin, Nasal consonant, Nasalization, Old English, Old Irish, Old Persian, Palatalization (sound change), Persian language, Pharyngealization, Phonological history of English consonant clusters, Phonological rule, Phonology, Polish language, Proto-Celtic language, Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Indo-European language, Proto-Indo-Iranian language, Proto-Italic language, Romance languages, Sanskrit, Secondary articulation, Sign language, Slovene language, Soft palate, Sound change, Stop consonant, Synchrony and diachrony, Tone (linguistics), Velarization, Vowel harmony.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
In linguistics, assibilation is a sound change resulting in a sibilant consonant.
Cherology and chereme (from "hand") are synonyms of phonology and phoneme previously used in the study of sign languages.
Co-articulated consonants or complex consonants are consonants produced with two simultaneous places of articulation.
Coarticulation in its general sense refers to a situation in which a conceptually isolated speech sound is influenced by, and becomes more like, a preceding or following speech sound.
Consonant harmony is a type of "long-distance" phonological assimilation akin to the similar assimilatory process involving vowels, i.e. vowel harmony.
Crasis (from the Greek κρᾶσις, "mixing", "blending") is a type of contraction in which two vowels or diphthongs merge into one new vowel or diphthong, making one word out of two.
In phonology, particularly within historical linguistics, dissimilation is a phenomenon whereby similar consonants or vowels in a word become less similar.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
In phonology, epenthesis (Greek) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word (at the beginning prothesis and at the end paragoge are commonly used).
The Gallo-Brittonic languages, also known as the P-Celtic languages, are a subdivision of the Celtic languages of Ancient Gaul (both celtica and belgica) and Celtic Britain, which share certain features.
A-mutation is a metaphonic process supposed to have taken place in late Proto-Germanic (c. 200).
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
I-mutation (also known as umlaut, front mutation, i-umlaut, i/j-mutation or i/j-umlaut) is a type of sound change in which a back vowel is fronted or a front vowel is raised if the following syllable contains /i/, /ī/ or /j/ (a voiced palatal approximant, sometimes called yod, the sound of English in yes).
Insular Celtic languages are a group of Celtic languages that originated in Britain and Ireland, in contrast to the Continental Celtic languages of mainland Europe and Anatolia.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Jevnica is a settlement on the right bank of the Sava River in the Municipality of Litija in central Slovenia.
Labialization is a secondary articulatory feature of sounds in some languages.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.
Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).
In linguistics, palatalization is a sound change that either results in a palatal or palatalized consonant or a front vowel, or is triggered by one of them.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Pharyngealization is a secondary articulation of consonants or vowels by which the pharynx or epiglottis is constricted during the articulation of the sound.
The phonological history of the English language includes various changes in the phonology of consonant clusters.
A phonological rule is a formal way of expressing a systematic phonological or morphophonological process or diachronic sound change in language.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the reconstructed ancestor language of all the known Celtic languages.
Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Proto-Indo-Iranian or Proto-Indo-Iranic is the reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Iranian/Indo-Iranic branch of Indo-European.
The Proto-Italic language is the ancestor of the Italic languages, including notably Latin and thus its descendants, the Romance languages.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Secondary articulation occurs when the articulation of a consonant is equivalent to the combined articulations of two or three simpler consonants, at least one of which is an approximant.
Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.
Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages.
The soft palate (also known as the velum or muscular palate) is, in mammals, the soft tissue constituting the back of the roof of the mouth.
Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change).
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Synchrony and diachrony are two different and complementary viewpoints in linguistic analysis.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
Assimilated phoneme, Assimilation (linguistics), Assimilation (phonetics), Assimilatory phoneme, Consonant assimilation, Phonetic assimilation, Progressive assimilation, Regressive assimilation, Sound assimilation.