162 relations: Abstract and concrete, Academy of the Asturian Language, Adage, Adjective, Adolfo Camilo Díaz, Al-Andalus, Alveolar consonant, Antón de Marirreguera, Astur-Leonese languages, Astures, Asturias, Autonomous communities of Spain, Ḷ, Back vowel, Bernaldo de Quirós, Bologna Process, Bragança District, Cabrales, Cantabria, Cantabrian dialect, Castile and León, Caudal (comarca), Celtic languages, Celts, Central vowel, Chromium (web browser), Close vowel, Comarcas of Asturias, Conceyu Bable, Contract, Debian, Debuccalization, Dental consonant, Dependent-marking language, Dialect continuum, Dictionary, Diglossia, Digraph (orthography), Dot (diacritic), Early Middle Ages, Eo-Navia (comarca), European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Extremaduran language, Fedora (operating system), Firefox, First language, Flap consonant, Free software, French language, Fricative consonant, ..., Front vowel, Fusional language, Galician language, Galician-Asturian, Galician-Portuguese, Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, Germanic languages, Germanism (linguistics), Gijón (comarca), GNOME, Grammar, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical case, Grammatical gender, Grammatical mood, Grammatical number, Grammatical person, Grammatical tense, Head-directionality parameter, Hernán Núñez, Iberian Romance languages, Indo-European languages, Inflection, Italic languages, Juan María Acebal, KDE, Kingdom of Asturias, Labial consonant, Lares, Lateral consonant, Latin, Latin script, León, Spain, Lenition, Leonese dialect, LibreOffice, List of Asturian-language authors, List of Constitutions of Spain, List of language regulators, Llanes, Lluis Antón González, Loanword, Lord's Prayer, Lusitanian language, Manuel Asur, Martín López-Vega, Metaphony (Romance languages), Mid vowel, Miranda do Douro, Mirandese language, Monophthongization, Mozilla Thunderbird, Nalón (comarca), Nalón (river), Nasal consonant, Navarro-Aragonese, Navia (river), Nominal group (functional grammar), Notary public, Occitan language, Official language, Open vowel, Oriente (comarca), Orthography, Oviedo (comarca), Pablo Antón Marín Estrada, Palatal consonant, Pan-Arabism, Periodical literature, Periphrasis, Philology, Portugal, Present perfect, Province of León, Province of Salamanca, Province of Zamora, Ramón Menéndez Pidal, Red Book of Endangered Languages, Romance languages, Royal Institute of Asturian Studies, Second language, Sella River (Bay of Biscay), Soba, Cantabria, Spain, Spanish language, Standard language, Statute of Autonomy, Stop consonant, Stratum (linguistics), Subject–verb–object, Suebi, Terra de Miranda, Topicalization, Trastámaran Castile, Trill consonant, Ubuntu (operating system), UNESCO, University of Oviedo, Valles Pasiegos, Velar consonant, Visigoths, VLC media player, Voice (phonetics), Voicelessness, Vulgar Latin, West Iberian languages, Western Romance languages, Will and testament, Xandru Fernández, Xosefa Xovellanos, Xuan Bello, Zamora, Spain. Expand index (112 more) » « Shrink index
Abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether a term describes an object with a physical referent or one with no physical referents.
The Academia de la Llingua Asturiana or Academy of the Asturian Language (ALLA) is an Official Institution of the Government of the Principality of Asturias that promotes and regulates the Asturian language, a language of the Spanish autonomous community of Asturias.
An adage (Latin: adagium) is a concise, memorable, and usually philosophical aphorism that communicates an important truth derived from experience, custom, or both, and that many persons consider true and credible because of its longeval tradition, i. e. being handed down generation to generation, or memetic replication.
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Adolfo Camilo Díaz López (born 1963 in Caborana, Aller, Asturias) is a Spanish writer in asturian language.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Antón González Reguera, better known as Antón de Marirreguera was the author of the first preserved literary works written in the Asturian language, the «Pleitu ente Uviéu y Mérida pola posesión de les cenices de Santa Olaya» (Dispute between Oviedo and Mérida because of Saint Eulalia's Ashes), of 1639, that takes the first prize in a poetical contest dedicated to Saint Eulalie.
Astur-Leonese is a group of closely related Romance languages of the West Iberian branch, including.
The Astures or Asturs, also named Astyrs, were the Hispano-Celtic inhabitants of the northwest area of Hispania that now comprises almost the entire modern autonomous community of Principality of Asturias, the modern province of León, and the northern part of the modern province of Zamora (all in Spain), and east of Trás os Montes in Portugal.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
Ḷ (minuscule: ḷ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from L with a diacritical dot below.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
Bernaldo (or Bernard) de Quirós (1675–1710), also known as Francisco Bernardo de Quirós y Benavides, is the only Asturian writer from the 17th century besides Antón de Marirreguera whose work has been preserved.
The Bologna Process is a series of ministerial meetings and agreements between European countries to ensure comparability in the standards and quality of higher-education qualifications.
Bragança District (Distrito de Bragança; Çtrito de Bergáncia) is a traditional political division of Portugal, in the northeast corner bordering on Spain, covering 7.4% of the nation's continental landmass.
Cabrales is a municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias, northwestern Spain.
Cantabria is a historic Spanish community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
Cantabrian (cántabru, in Cantabrian) is a group of dialects belonging to Astur-Leonese.
Castile and León (Castilla y León; Leonese: Castiella y Llión; Castela e León) is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
Caudal is one of 8 comarcas administrative divisions of Asturias, an autonomous community in Spain.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Chromium is an open-source Web browser project started by Google, to provide the source code for the proprietary Google Chrome browser.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
Asturias, an autonomous community in Spain, is divided into eight comarcas.
Conceyu Bable (in Asturian Language, Bable Council) was an Asturian association legalized in 1976, which objective was the recovery and dignification of Asturian Language.
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
Debuccalization is a sound change in which an oral consonant loses its original place of articulation and moves it to the glottis (usually,, or). The pronunciation of a consonant as is sometimes called aspiration but in phonetics, aspiration is the burst of air accompanying a stop.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
A dependent-marking language has grammatical markers of agreement and case government between the words of phrases that tend to appear more on dependents than on heads.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
In linguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two dialects or languages are used by a single language community.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (◌̇) and 'combining dot below' (◌̣) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
Eo-Navia is one of eight comarca administrative divisions of Asturias, a province and an autonomous community in Spain.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
Extremaduran (autonym: estremeñu, represents a variable vowel -->) is a Romance linguistic variety, spoken by several hundred thousand people in Spain, in an area covering the north-western part of the autonomous community of Extremadura and adjoining areas in the province of Salamanca.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
Fusional languages or inflected languages are a type of synthetic languages, distinguished from agglutinative languages by their tendency to use a single inflectional morpheme to denote multiple grammatical, syntactic, or semantic features.
Galician (galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch.
Galician-Asturian or Eonavian (official name by Act 1/1998, March 23 of Principality of Asturias; autonym: eonaviego, gallego-asturiano; eonaviegu, gallego-asturianu; eonaviego, galego-asturiano) is a set of Romance dialects or falas whose linguistic dominion extends into the zone of Asturias between the Eo River and Navia River (or more specifically the Eo and the Frejulfe River).
Galician-Portuguese (galego-portugués or galaico-portugués, galego-português or galaico-português), also known as Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician, was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula.
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos (born Gaspar Melchor de Jove y Llanos, 5 January 1744 – 27 November 1811) was a Spanish neoclassical statesman, author, philosopher and a major figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
A Germanism is a loan word or other loan element borrowed from German for use in some other language.
Gijón (or, in Asturian, Xixón; official name: Gijón/Xixón) is one of eight comarcas (this is the Spanish word; the Asturian is cotarros), administrative divisions of Asturias, which is a province and an autonomous community in Spain.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event, or state, denoted by a verb, extends over time.
Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
In linguistics, grammatical mood (also mode) is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signaling modality.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
In linguistics, the head directionality is a proposed parameter that classifies languages according to whether they are head-initial (the head of a phrase precedes its complements) or head-final (the head follows its complements).
Hernán Núñez de Toledo y Guzmán (Valladolid, 1475 - Salamanca, 1553) was a Spanish humanist, classicist, philologist, and paremiographer.
The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or simply Iberian languages is an areal grouping of Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France which are today more commonly separated into West Iberian and Occitano-Romance language groups.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.
The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by Italic peoples.
Juan María Acebal or Xuan María Acebal (8 March 1815 – 11 February 1895), was an Asturian writer who wrote both in Spanish and Asturian.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
The Kingdom of Asturias (Regnum Asturorum) was a kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula founded in 718 by the Visigothic nobleman Pelagius of Asturias (Asturian: Pelayu, Spanish: Pelayo).
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Lares (archaic Lases, singular Lar), were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.
In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
Leonese is a set of vernacular Romance dialects spoken in the northern and western portions of the historical region of León in Spain (the modern provinces of León, Zamora, and Salamanca) and a few adjoining areas in Portugal.
LibreOffice is a free and open source office suite, a project of The Document Foundation.
It is supposed that oral literature (and even written literature) in the Asturian language is older, but the first writer known is Antón de Marirreguera in the 17th century.
Spain has proclaimed a number of Constitutions.
This is a list of bodies that regulate standard languages, often called language academies.
Llanes (the Concejo de Llanes, Conceyu de Llanes in Asturian language) is a municipality of the province of Asturias, in northern Spain.
Lluis Antón González (June 13, 1955 in Baíña, Mieres) is an Asturian actor, writer, and director.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Lord's Prayer (also called the Our Father, Pater Noster, or the Model Prayer) is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'" Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthaen version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, and the Lucan version one year later, "very likely in Judea".
Lusitanian (so named after the Lusitani or Lusitanians) was an Indo-European Paleohispanic language.
Manuel Asur (Manuel Asur GONZÁLEZ GARCÍA) (Güeria Carrocera, San Martín del Rey Aurelio, Asturias, 1947) is a Spanish essayist and poet in Asturian.
Martín López-Vega (born 1975 in Poo, Llanes, Asturias) is a Spanish and Asturian poet.
In the Romance languages, metaphony was an early vowel mutation process that operated in all Romance languages to varying degrees, raising (or sometimes diphthongizing) certain stressed vowels in words with a final /i/ or /u/ or a directly following /j/.
A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.
Miranda do Douro or Miranda de l Douro is a town and a municipality in the district of Bragança, northeastern Portugal.
The Mirandese language (autonym: mirandés or lhéngua mirandesa; mirandês or língua mirandesa) is an Astur-Leonese language that is sparsely spoken in a small area of northeastern Portugal in the municipalities of Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro and Vimioso.
Monophthongization is a sound change by which a diphthong becomes a monophthong, a type of vowel shift.
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
Nalón is one of 8 comarcas, administrative divisions of Asturias, which is a province and an autonomous community in Spain.
The Nalón is a long river and the longest river in the autonomous community of Asturias, Spain.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
Navarro-Aragonese is a Romance language once spoken in a large part of the Ebro River basin, south of the middle Pyrenees, although it is only currently spoken in a small portion of its original territory.
The Navia is a river in northern Spain flowing South to North from Galicia into the Autonomous Community of Asturias.
In systemic functional grammar (SFG), a nominal group is a group of words which represents or describes an entity, for example "The nice old English police inspector who was sitting at the table is Mr Morse".
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
Oriente is one of 8 comarcas administrative divisions of Asturias, which is a province and an autonomous community in Spain.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
Oviedo is one of 8 comarcas which is a province and an autonomous community in Spain.
Pablo Antón Marín Estrada (born 1966 in Sama, Langreo) is a Spanish writer in Asturian.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
Pan-Arabism, or simply Arabism, is an ideology espousing the unification of the countries of North Africa and West Asia from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea, referred to as the Arab world.
Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a published work that appears in a new edition on a regular schedule.
In linguistics, periphrasis is the usage of multiple separate words to carry the meaning of prefixes, suffixes or verbs, among other things, where either would be possible.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.
León is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Salamanca is a province of western Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Castile and León (Castilla y León).
Zamora is a province of western Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Ramón Menéndez Pidal (13 March 1869 - 14 November 1968) was a Spanish philologist and historian.
The Red Book of Endangered Languages was published by UNESCO and collected a comprehensive list of the world's endangered languages.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
The Royal Institute of Asturian Studies (Asturian: Real Institutu d'Estudios Asturianos or RIDEA) is a public cultural institution of the autonomous community of Asturias.
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
The Sella is a river located in northwest Spain.
Soba is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.
Nominally, a Statute of Autonomy (Estatuto de Autonomía, Estatut d'Autonomia, Estatuto de Autonomía, Estatutu d' Autonomía, Autonomia Estatutua) is a law hierarchically located under the constitution of a country, and over any other form of legislation (including organic laws).
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.
In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.
The Suebi (or Suevi, Suavi, or Suevians) were a large group of Germanic tribes, which included the Marcomanni, Quadi, Hermunduri, Semnones, Lombards and others, sometimes including sub-groups simply referred to as Suebi.
Terra de Miranda (Tierra de Miranda in Mirandese,Terras de Miranda in Portuguese, the historical name of a 500 km² mesa in northeastern Portugal, lying on the border of Spain. It used to be an administrative division, and although it does not correspond to a modern-day region's borders, there are some cultural characteristics particular to Terra de Miranda that keep the name in use to the present day. It has been a border region between different administrative areas of the Roman Empire, the kingdoms of the Visigoths and the Suevi, the Arabs and the Christians. Although the etymology of the word Miranda is still debated, it is believed to mean "border". Among the best known cultural features particular to this area there is the Mirandese language, the Pauliteiros, the pagan rituals practiced from Christmas to Easter, namely the farandulo, and the bagpipe music.
Topicalization is a mechanism of syntax that establishes an expression as the sentence or clause topic; in English, by having it appear at the front of the sentence or clause (as opposed to in a canonical position further to the right).
Coming to power in 1369, the House of Trastámara was a lineage of rulers of the Castilian and Aragonese thrones.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The University of Oviedo (Universidad de Oviedo, Asturian: Universidá d'Uviéu) is a public university in Asturias (Spain).
Valles Pasiegos is an administrative comarca in Cantabria, Spain.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris ("common speech") was a nonstandard form of Latin (as opposed to Classical Latin, the standard and literary version of the language) spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire.
West Iberian is a branch of the Romance languages that includes Castilian (Spanish and Judaeo-Spanish/Ladino), Astur-Leonese (Asturian, Extremaduran, Leonese, Mirandese and Cantabrian, where cantabrian language is listed in the Astur-Leonese linguistic group.), and the modern descendants of Galician-Portuguese (Galician, Portuguese, and the Fala language).
Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line.
A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, and names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution.
Xandru Fernández (born 1970 in Turón, Asturias, Spain) is an Asturian language writer.
Xosefa de Xovellanos y Xove Ramírez (1745–1807) was the younger sister of Asturian politician Gaspar Melchor de Xovellanos and prominent writer in Asturian.
Xuan Bello Fernán (born 1965 in Tineo, Asturias, Spain) is a poet and one of the best-known contemporary Asturian writers.
Zamora is a city in Castile and León, Spain, the capital of the province of Zamora.
Asturian Language, Asturian Language in Spain, Asturian alphabet, Asturian dialect, Asturian grammar, Asturian phonology, Asturian-language, Asturianu, Bable, Bable language, ISO 639:ast, Pixueto, Pixuetu, Pixuetu dialect.