156 relations: Amiga, Amplitude modulation, ANALOG Computing, ANTIC, Antic (magazine), Apple II, Apple II series, Arkanoid, Asteroids Deluxe, Atari 2600, Atari 5200, Atari 7800, Atari BASIC, Atari Corporation, Atari DOS, Atari Flashback, Atari FREDDIE, Atari joystick port, Atari SIO, Atari ST, Atari XEGS, Atari, Inc., Atari, Inc. (Atari, SA subsidiary), Bank switching, BASIC, Berlin Wall, Blue Max (video game), Blue skies research, Breakout (video game), Brian Moriarty, Bus (computing), Byte (magazine), Cathode ray tube, Centipede (video game), Central processing unit, Centronics, Character encoding, Character generator, Chris Crawford (game designer), Commodore 64, Commodore International, Commodore PET, Compact Cassette, Composite video, Compute!, Computer Gaming World, Consumer Electronics Show, Copyright infringement, Creative Computing (magazine), CTIA and GTIA, ..., Czechoslovakia, Daisy chain (electrical engineering), De Re Atari, Disk operating system, Display list, Double-sided disk, Electrical engineering, Electronic oscillator, Emulator, End-of-life (product), Faraday cage, Federal Communications Commission, File system, Floppy disk, Freeware, Gauntlet (1985 video game), Germany, Gunship (video game), Happy drives, Hardware register, Home computer, InfoWorld, Intel 80186, Interrupt, Jack Tramiel, James J. Morgan, Joseph C. Decuir, Joystick, Killer application, Kilobaud Microcomputing, Kilobyte, M.U.L.E., Machine code, Major Havoc, Membrane keyboard, Memory-mapped I/O, Micron Technology, MicroProse, Microsoft BASIC, Millipede (video game), Missile Command, Modem, MOS Technology, MOS Technology 6502, Necromancer (video game), Nintendo, Noise, Nolan Bushnell, Non-disclosure agreement, NTSC, Optical fiber, Optimized Systems Software, Paddle (game controller), PAL, Parallel Bus Interface, Peripheral, POKEY, Poland, PR Newswire, Price war, Printer (computing), Public domain, Race to the bottom, Random number generation, Random-access memory, Raquel Welch, Raster graphics, Raster interrupt, Read-only memory, RF modulator, ROM cartridge, RS-232, S-100 bus, Sears, Semiconductor fabrication plant, Serial communication, Shepardson Microsystems, SpartaDOS X, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Speech synthesis, Sprite (computer graphics), Star Raiders, Star Wars: Return of the Jedi (video game), Sweet spot (sports), Synapse Software, Television, Television Interface Adaptor, Texas Instruments, Texas Instruments TI-99/4A, The Emperor's New Clothes, The New York Times, Transceiver, TRS-80, TRS-80 Color Computer, TV Typewriter, United States dollar, USB, Video game console, Video game crash of 1983, VisiCalc, Votrax, Warner Communications, Warsaw Pact, White noise machine, XG-1, 8-bit. Expand index (106 more) » « Shrink index
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Amplitude modulation (AM) is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave.
ANALOG Computing (an acronym for Atari Newsletter And Lots Of Games) was an American computer magazine devoted to the Atari 8-bit home computer line, published from 1981 until 1989.
Alphanumeric Television Interface Controller (ANTIC) is an LSI ASIC dedicated to generating 2D computer graphics to be shown on a television screen or computer display.
Antic was a home computer magazine devoted to the Atari 8-bit family (Atari 400/800, XL, XE, XEGS).
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.
is an arcade game released by Taito in 1986.
Asteroids Deluxe is a vector graphic arcade game released in May 1981 by Atari Inc. as the sequel to Asteroids.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, commonly known as the Atari 5200, is a home video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari Inc.
The Atari 7800 ProSystem, or simply the Atari 7800, is a home video game console officially released by the Atari Corporation in 1986.
Atari BASIC is an interpreter for the BASIC programming language that shipped with the Atari 8-bit family of 6502-based home computers.
Atari Corporation was an American manufacturer of computers and video game consoles from 1984 to 1996.
Atari DOS is the disk operating system used with the Atari 8-bit family of computers.
The Atari Flashback is a series of dedicated consoles marketed by Atari, Inc. from 2004 to 2011.
FREDDIE is the name for a 40-pin LSI found in later model Atari 8-bit computers.
The Atari joystick port is a widely used computer port used to connect various gaming controllers to game console and home computer systems.
The Serial Input/Output system, universally known as SIO, was a proprietary peripheral bus and related software protocol stacks used on the Atari 8-bit family to provide most input/output duties for those computers.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
The Atari XE Video Game System (Atari XEGS) is a home video game console released by Atari Corporation in 1987.
Atari, Inc. was an American video game developer and home computer company founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney.
Atari, Inc. was founded in 1993 as GT Interactive Software Corp. In 1999, Infogrames Entertainment, SA acquired a controlling interest in GT Interactive, renaming it Infogrames, Inc. As part of Infogrames Entertainment's company-wide re-branding in May 2003, Infogrames, Inc.
Bank switching is a technique used in computer design to increase the amount of usable memory beyond the amount directly addressable by the processor.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Blue Max is a video game written by Bob Polin for the Atari 8-bit family and published by Synapse Software in 1983.
Blue skies research (also called blue sky science) is scientific research in domains where "real-world" applications are not immediately apparent.
Breakout is an arcade game developed and published by Atari, Inc., released on May 13, 1976.
Brian Moriarty (born 1956) is an American video game developer who authored three of the original Infocom interactive fiction titles, Wishbringer (1985), Trinity (1986), and Beyond Zork (1987), as well as Loom (1990) for LucasArts.
In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
Centipede is a vertically oriented fixed shooter arcade game produced by Atari, Inc. in 1980.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Centronics Data Computer Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer printers, now remembered primarily for the parallel interface that bears its name, the Centronics connector.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
A character generator, often abbreviated as CG, is a device or software that produces static or animated text (such as news crawls and credits rolls) for keying into a video stream.
Christopher Crawford (born June 1, 1950) is a computer game designer and writer.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Composite video (one channel) is an analog video transmission (without audio) that carries standard definition video typically at 480i or 576i resolution.
Compute!, often stylized as COMPUTE!, was an American home computer magazine that was published from 1979 to 1994.
Computer Gaming World (CGW) was an American computer game magazine published between 1981 and 2006.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
Creative Computing was one of the earliest magazines covering the microcomputer revolution.
Color Television Interface Adaptor (CTIA) and its successor Graphic Television Interface Adaptor (GTIA) are custom chips used in the Atari 8-bit family of computers and in the Atari 5200 console.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
In electrical and electronic engineering a daisy chain is a wiring scheme in which multiple devices are wired together in sequence or in a ring.
De Re Atari ("All About Atari") is a book written by Atari, Inc. employees in 1981 and published by the Atari Program Exchange in 1982 as an unbound, shrink-wrapped set of three-holed punched pages.
A disk operating system (abbreviated DOS) is a computer operating system that can use a disk storage device, such as a floppy disk, hard disk drive, or optical disc.
A display list (or display file) is a series of graphics commands that define an output image.
In computer science, a double-sided disk is a disk of which both sides are used to store data.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
An electronic oscillator is an electronic circuit that produces a periodic, oscillating electronic signal, often a sine wave or a square wave.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
"End-of-life" (EOL) is a term used with respect to a product supplied to customers, indicating that the product is in the end of its useful life (from the vendor's point of view), and a vendor stops marketing, selling, or rework sustaining it.
A Faraday cage or Faraday shield is an enclosure used to block electromagnetic fields.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Freeware is software that is available for use at no monetary cost.
Gauntlet is a fantasy-themed hack and slash arcade game by Atari Games.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gunship is a combat flight simulator video game developed and published by MicroProse in 1986.
Happy drives are series of disk drive enhancements for the Atari 8-bit and Atari ST computer families produced by a small company Happy Computers.
In digital electronics, especially computing, hardware registers are circuits typically composed of flip flops, often with many characteristics similar to memory, such as.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
The Intel 80186, also known as the iAPX 186, or just 186, is a microprocessor and microcontroller introduced in 1982.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
Jack Tramiel (born Idek Trzmiel; December 13, 1928 – April 8, 2012) was a Polish American businessman, best known for founding Commodore International.
James J. Morgan (born 1942) is a former American executive who served as CEO of Atari from 1983 to 1984 and CEO of Philip Morris USA from 1994 to 1997.
Joseph C. Decuir is an American fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) who was nominated in 2015 for contributions to computer graphics and video games.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
In marketing terminology, a killer application (commonly shortened to killer app) is any computer program that is so necessary or desirable that it proves the core value of some larger technology, such as computer hardware, a gaming console, software, a programming language, a software platform, or an operating system.
Kilobaud Microcomputing was a magazine dedicated to the computer homebrew hobbyists from 1977 to 1983.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
M.U.L.E. is a seminal multiplayer video game originally written for the Atari 8-bit family by Ozark Softscape and published in 1983 by Electronic Arts.
Machine code is a computer program written in machine language instructions that can be executed directly by a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
Major Havoc (or The Adventures of Major Havoc) is an upright cabinet vector-based arcade game made by Atari in 1983.
A membrane keyboard is a computer keyboard whose "keys" are not separate, moving parts, as with the majority of other keyboards, but rather are pressure pads that have only outlines and symbols printed on a flat, flexible surface.
Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port-mapped I/O (PMIO) (which is also called isolated I/O) are two complementary methods of performing input/output (I/O) between the central processing unit (CPU) and peripheral devices in a computer.
Micron Technology, Inc. is an American global corporation based in Boise, Idaho.
MicroProse Software Inc. was an American video game publisher and developer founded by "Wild" Bill Stealey and Sid Meier in 1982.
Microsoft BASIC is the foundation product of the Microsoft company.
Millipede is a 1982 arcade game by Atari, Inc. and is the sequel to the arcade hit, Centipede, with more gameplay variety and a wider array of insects than the original.
Missile Command is a 1980 arcade game developed and published by Atari, Inc. and licensed to Sega for European release.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
MOS Technology, Inc. ("MOS" being short for Metal Oxide Semiconductor), also known as CSG (Commodore Semiconductor Group), was a semiconductor design and fabrication company based in Norristown, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
Necromancer is a 1982 computer game for the Atari 8-bit series created by Bill Williams and distributed by Synapse Software.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
Noise is unwanted sound judged to be unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing.
Nolan Kay Bushnell (born February 5, 1943) is an American electrical engineer and businessman.
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA), is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to or by third parties.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Optimized Systems Software (OSS) was a small company that produced disk operating systems and programming languages for primarily the Atari 8-bit computers.
A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
The Parallel Bus Interface, or PBI, is a 50-pin port found on some Atari 8-bit XL computers.
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
The Pot Keyboard Integrated Circuit (POKEY) is a digital I/O chip designed for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and found in Atari arcade games of the 1980s.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
PR Newswire is a distributor of press releases based in New York City.
Price war is "commercial competition characterized by the repeated cutting of prices below those of competitors".
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
The race to the bottom is a socio-economic phrase which is used to describe government deregulation of the business environment, or reduction in tax rates, in order to attract or retain economic activity in their jurisdictions.
Random number generation is the generation of a sequence of numbers or symbols that cannot be reasonably predicted better than by a random chance, usually through a hardware random-number generator (RNG).
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Raquel Welch (born Jo Raquel Tejada; September 5, 1940) is an American actress and singer.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
A raster interrupt (also called a horizontal blank interrupt) is a computer interrupt signal that is used for display timing purposes.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
An RF modulator (or radio frequency modulator) is an electronic device whose input is a baseband signal which is used to modulate a radio frequency source.
A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable enclosure containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console and to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
The S-100 bus or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800.
Sears, Roebuck and Company, colloquially known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, reincorporated (a formality for a history-making consumer sector initial public offering) by Richard Sears and new partner Julius Rosenwald in 1906.
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab; sometimes foundry) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured.
In telecommunication and data transmission, serial communication is the process of sending data one bit at a time, sequentially, over a communication channel or computer bus.
Shepardson Microsystems, Inc.
SpartaDOS X (or SpartaDOS 4.0) is a disk operating system for the Atari 8-bit family of computers that closely resembles MS-DOS.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
Star Raiders is a first-person shooter space combat simulator video game for the Atari 8-bit family of computers.
Star Wars: Return of the Jedi is a 1984 arcade game by Atari, Inc. and the follow-up to 1983's Star Wars arcade game.
The sweet spot is a place where a combination of factors results in a maximum response for a given amount of effort.
Synapse Software Corporation (marketed as SynSoft in the UK) was an American computer game development and publishing company active from 1981 through 1984.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The Television Interface Adaptor (TIA) is the custom computer chip that is the heart of the Atari 2600 game console, generating the screen display, sound effects, and reading input controllers.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A is a home computer, released June 1981 in the United States at a price of $525 ($ adjusted for inflation).
"The Emperor's New Clothes" (Kejserens nye klæder) is a short tale written by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen, about two weavers who promise an emperor a new suit of clothes that they say is invisible to those who are unfit for their positions, stupid, or incompetent – while in reality, they make no clothes at all, making everyone believe the clothes are invisible to them.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A transceiver is a device comprising both a transmitter and a receiver that are combined and share common circuitry or a single housing.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The RadioShack TRS-80 Color Computer (also marketed as the Tandy Color Computer and sometimes nicknamed the CoCo) is a line of home computers based on the Motorola 6809 processor.
The TV Typewriter was a video terminal that could display two pages of 16 lines of 32 upper case characters on a standard television set.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
VisiCalc (for "visible calculator") was the first spreadsheet computer program for personal computers, originally released for the Apple II by VisiCorp.
Votrax International, Inc. (originally the Vocal division of Federal Screw Works), or just Votrax, was a speech synthesis company located in the Detroit, Michigan area from 1971 to about 1996 It began as a division of Federal Screw Works from 1971 to 1973.
Warner Communications, Inc. was established in 1972 when Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations (as National Kinney Corporation), and changed its name.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
A white noise machine is a device that produces a sound with a random character, which sounds like a rushing waterfall or wind blowing through trees.
The XG-1 is the light gun that came bundled with the Atari XEGS that was released in 1987.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
1200XL, 130XE, 600XL, 65XE, 8-bit Atari, 800XE, 800XL, Atari 1200XL, Atari 130XE, Atari 1450XLD, Atari 400, Atari 600, Atari 600XL, Atari 65XE, Atari 8-bit, Atari 8-bit computer, Atari 800, Atari 800XL, Atari XE, Atari XL.