Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

Atomism

Index Atomism

Atomism (from Greek ἄτομον, atomon, i.e. "uncuttable", "indivisible") is a natural philosophy that developed in several ancient traditions. [1]

142 relations: Abhidhammattha-sangaha, Al-Ghazali, Alchemy, Alexander William Williamson, Ammonia, Analysis, Analytical chemistry, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Antoine Lavoisier, Aristotelian physics, Aristotelianism, Aristotle, Ashʿari, Atomic physics, Atomic theory, Averroes, Averroism, Ājīvika, Becoming (philosophy), Brill Publishers, Buddhism, Cambridge University Press, Charvaka, Chatto & Windus, Chemical synthesis, Chemist, Classical element, Corpuscular theory of light, Corpuscularianism, Cosmos, Cube, Daniel Sennert, De rerum natura, Democritus, Dharmakirti, Dignāga, Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Elementary particle, Eliminative materialism, Empirical evidence, Epicureanism, Epicurus, Equations for a falling body, F. M. Cornford, Francis Bacon, Fyodor Shcherbatskoy, G. E. R. Lloyd, Galen, Galileo Galilei, ..., Giordano Bruno, Heat, Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, Heraclitus, History of chemistry, History of India, Humphry Davy, Hydrogen, Hylomorphism, Icosahedron, Incense, India, Infinite divisibility, Intensive and extensive properties, Isaac Newton, Islamic philosophy, Jainism, Johann Chrysostom Magnenus, John Dalton, John Philoponus, Kalapa (atomism), Kalpa Sūtra, Kanada (philosopher), Lancelot Law Whyte, Leucippus, Light, Lucretius, Materialism, Matter, Mechanical philosophy, Mechanism (philosophy), Medieval university, Mereological nihilism, Mind–body dualism, Minima naturalia, Molecule, Monism, Natural philosophy, Nausiphanes, Nicholas of Autrecourt, Nitrogen, Nyaya, Occasionalism, Octahedron, Online Etymology Dictionary, Outline of physical science, Oxygen, Pancastikayasara, Parmenides, Physicalism, Pierre Gassendi, Plato, Platonic solid, Pluralism (philosophy), Pseudo-Geber, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Reductionism, Religion, René Descartes, Robert Boyle, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Royal Medal, Royal Society, Samadhi, Samkhya, Scholasticism, Schools of Islamic theology, Scientific demonstration, Sextus Empiricus, Shlomo Pines, Sidereus Nuncius, Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 2nd Baronet, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Substance theory, Substantial form, Tattvartha Sutra, Tetrahedron, The Assayer, The Sceptical Chymist, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Harriot, Thomas Hobbes, Udayana, University of Toronto Press, Vaisheshika, Vācaspati Miśra, W. W. Norton & Company, Water, Will Durant, William R. Newman, Yajnavalkya, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Expand index (92 more) »

Abhidhammattha-sangaha

Abhidhammattha-sangaha (Pali) is a Buddhist text attributed to Acariya Anuruddha; it is a commentary on the Abhidharma of the Theravada tradition.

New!!: Atomism and Abhidhammattha-sangaha · See more »

Al-Ghazali

Al-Ghazali (full name Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī أبو حامد محمد بن محمد الغزالي; latinized Algazelus or Algazel, – 19 December 1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mysticsLudwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.109.

New!!: Atomism and Al-Ghazali · See more »

Alchemy

Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.

New!!: Atomism and Alchemy · See more »

Alexander William Williamson

Alexander William Williamson FRS (1 May 18246 May 1904) was an English chemist of Scottish descent.

New!!: Atomism and Alexander William Williamson · See more »

Ammonia

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

New!!: Atomism and Ammonia · See more »

Analysis

Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it.

New!!: Atomism and Analysis · See more »

Analytical chemistry

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.

New!!: Atomism and Analytical chemistry · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

New!!: Atomism and Ancient Greece · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Atomism and Ancient Greek · See more »

Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution;; 26 August 17438 May 1794) CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.

New!!: Atomism and Antoine Lavoisier · See more »

Aristotelian physics

Aristotelian physics is a form of natural science described in the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–).

New!!: Atomism and Aristotelian physics · See more »

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of Aristotle.

New!!: Atomism and Aristotelianism · See more »

Aristotle

Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

New!!: Atomism and Aristotle · See more »

Ashʿari

Ashʿarism or Ashʿari theology (الأشعرية al-ʾAšʿarīyya or الأشاعرة al-ʾAšāʿira) is the foremost theological school of Sunni Islam which established an orthodox dogmatic guideline based on clerical authority, founded by Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari (d. AD 936 / AH 324).

New!!: Atomism and Ashʿari · See more »

Atomic physics

Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus.

New!!: Atomism and Atomic physics · See more »

Atomic theory

In chemistry and physics, atomic theory is a scientific theory of the nature of matter, which states that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms.

New!!: Atomism and Atomic theory · See more »

Averroes

Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.

New!!: Atomism and Averroes · See more »

Averroism

Averroism refers to a school of medieval philosophy based on the application of the works of 12th-century Andalusian Islamic philosopher Averroes, a Muslim commentator on Aristotle, in 13th-century Latin Christian scholasticism.

New!!: Atomism and Averroism · See more »

Ājīvika

Ajivika (IAST) is one of the nāstika or "heterodox" schools of Indian philosophy.

New!!: Atomism and Ājīvika · See more »

Becoming (philosophy)

In philosophy, the concept of becoming originated in eastern ancient Greece with the philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus, who in the sixth century BC, said that nothing in this world is constant except change and becoming.

New!!: Atomism and Becoming (philosophy) · See more »

Brill Publishers

Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.

New!!: Atomism and Brill Publishers · See more »

Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

New!!: Atomism and Buddhism · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Atomism and Cambridge University Press · See more »

Charvaka

Charvaka (IAST: Cārvāka), originally known as Lokāyata and Bṛhaspatya, is the ancient school of Indian materialism.

New!!: Atomism and Charvaka · See more »

Chatto & Windus

Chatto & Windus was an important publisher of books in London, founded in the Victorian era.

New!!: Atomism and Chatto & Windus · See more »

Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

New!!: Atomism and Chemical synthesis · See more »

Chemist

A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

New!!: Atomism and Chemist · See more »

Classical element

Classical elements typically refer to the concepts in ancient Greece of earth, water, air, fire, and aether, which were proposed to explain the nature and complexity of all matter in terms of simpler substances.

New!!: Atomism and Classical element · See more »

Corpuscular theory of light

In optics, the corpuscular theory of light, arguably set forward by Descartes (1637) states that light is made up of small discrete particles called "corpuscles" (little particles) which travel in a straight line with a finite velocity and possess impetus.

New!!: Atomism and Corpuscular theory of light · See more »

Corpuscularianism

Corpuscularianism is a physical theory that supposes all matter to be composed of minute particles.

New!!: Atomism and Corpuscularianism · See more »

Cosmos

The cosmos is the universe.

New!!: Atomism and Cosmos · See more »

Cube

In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.

New!!: Atomism and Cube · See more »

Daniel Sennert

Daniel Sennert (November 25, 1572 – July 21, 1637) was a renowned German physician and a prolific academic writer, especially in the field of alchemy or chemistry.

New!!: Atomism and Daniel Sennert · See more »

De rerum natura

De rerum natura (On the Nature of Things) is a first-century BC didactic poem by the Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius (c. 99 BC – c. 55 BC) with the goal of explaining Epicurean philosophy to a Roman audience.

New!!: Atomism and De rerum natura · See more »

Democritus

Democritus (Δημόκριτος, Dēmókritos, meaning "chosen of the people") was an Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today for his formulation of an atomic theory of the universe.

New!!: Atomism and Democritus · See more »

Dharmakirti

Dharmakīrti (fl. c. 6th or 7th century) was an influential Indian Buddhist philosopher who worked at Nālandā.

New!!: Atomism and Dharmakirti · See more »

Dignāga

Dignāga (a.k.a. Diṅnāga, c. 480 – c. 540 CE) was an Indian Buddhist scholar and one of the Buddhist founders of Indian logic (hetu vidyā).

New!!: Atomism and Dignāga · See more »

Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis

Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis (28 October 1892 in Tilburg – 18 May 1965 in De Bilt) was a Dutch historian of science.

New!!: Atomism and Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis · See more »

Elementary particle

In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle with no substructure, thus not composed of other particles.

New!!: Atomism and Elementary particle · See more »

Eliminative materialism

Eliminative materialism (also called eliminativism) is the claim that people's common-sense understanding of the mind (or folk psychology) is false and that certain classes of mental states that most people believe in do not exist.

New!!: Atomism and Eliminative materialism · See more »

Empirical evidence

Empirical evidence, also known as sensory experience, is the information received by means of the senses, particularly by observation and documentation of patterns and behavior through experimentation.

New!!: Atomism and Empirical evidence · See more »

Epicureanism

Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus, founded around 307 BC.

New!!: Atomism and Epicureanism · See more »

Epicurus

Epicurus (Ἐπίκουρος, Epíkouros, "ally, comrade"; 341–270 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher who founded a school of philosophy now called Epicureanism.

New!!: Atomism and Epicurus · See more »

Equations for a falling body

A set of equations describe the resultant trajectories when objects move owing to a constant gravitational force under normal Earth-bound conditions.

New!!: Atomism and Equations for a falling body · See more »

F. M. Cornford

Francis Macdonald Cornford, FBA (27 February 1874 – 3 January 1943) was an English classical scholar and translator; because of the similarity of his forename to his wife's, he was known to family as "FMC" and his wife Frances as "FCC".

New!!: Atomism and F. M. Cornford · See more »

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, (22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author.

New!!: Atomism and Francis Bacon · See more »

Fyodor Shcherbatskoy

Fyodor Ippolitovich Shcherbatskoy or Stcherbatsky (Фёдор Ипполи́тович Щербатско́й) (30 August 1866 – 18 March 1942), often referred to in the literature as F. Th.

New!!: Atomism and Fyodor Shcherbatskoy · See more »

G. E. R. Lloyd

Sir Geoffrey Ernest Richard Lloyd, FBA, FLSW (born 25 January 1933), usually cited as G. E. R. Lloyd, is a historian of Ancient Science and Medicine at the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Atomism and G. E. R. Lloyd · See more »

Galen

Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.

New!!: Atomism and Galen · See more »

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.

New!!: Atomism and Galileo Galilei · See more »

Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist.

New!!: Atomism and Giordano Bruno · See more »

Heat

In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.

New!!: Atomism and Heat · See more »

Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland

Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, KG (27 April 1564 – 5 November 1632) was an English nobleman.

New!!: Atomism and Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland · See more »

Heraclitus

Heraclitus of Ephesus (Hērákleitos ho Ephésios) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, and a native of the city of Ephesus, then part of the Persian Empire.

New!!: Atomism and Heraclitus · See more »

History of chemistry

The history of chemistry represents a time span from ancient history to the present.

New!!: Atomism and History of chemistry · See more »

History of India

The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.

New!!: Atomism and History of India · See more »

Humphry Davy

Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet (17 December 177829 May 1829) was a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for isolating, using electricity, a series of elements for the first time: potassium and sodium in 1807 and calcium, strontium, barium, magnesium and boron the following year, as well as discovering the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine.

New!!: Atomism and Humphry Davy · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Atomism and Hydrogen · See more »

Hylomorphism

Hylomorphism (or hylemorphism) is a philosophical theory developed by Aristotle, which conceives being (ousia) as a compound of matter and form.

New!!: Atomism and Hylomorphism · See more »

Icosahedron

In geometry, an icosahedron is a polyhedron with 20 faces.

New!!: Atomism and Icosahedron · See more »

Incense

Incense is aromatic biotic material which releases fragrant smoke when burned.

New!!: Atomism and Incense · See more »

India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Atomism and India · See more »

Infinite divisibility

Infinite divisibility arises in different ways in philosophy, physics, economics, order theory (a branch of mathematics), and probability theory (also a branch of mathematics).

New!!: Atomism and Infinite divisibility · See more »

Intensive and extensive properties

Physical properties of materials and systems can often be categorized as being either intensive or extensive quantities, according to how the property changes when the size (or extent) of the system changes.

New!!: Atomism and Intensive and extensive properties · See more »

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

New!!: Atomism and Isaac Newton · See more »

Islamic philosophy

In the religion of Islam, two words are sometimes translated as philosophy—falsafa (literally "philosophy"), which refers to philosophy as well as logic, mathematics, and physics; and Kalam (literally "speech"), which refers to a rationalist form of Islamic philosophy and theology based on the interpretations of Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism as developed by medieval Muslim philosophers.

New!!: Atomism and Islamic philosophy · See more »

Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

New!!: Atomism and Jainism · See more »

Johann Chrysostom Magnenus

Johann Chrysostom Magnenus (French Jean Chrysostôme Magnen, c. 1590 – c. 1679) was a physician and advocate of atomism.

New!!: Atomism and Johann Chrysostom Magnenus · See more »

John Dalton

John Dalton FRS (6 September 1766 – 27 July 1844) was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist.

New!!: Atomism and John Dalton · See more »

John Philoponus

John Philoponus (Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος; c. 490 – c. 570), also known as John the Grammarian or John of Alexandria, was an Alexandrian philologist, Aristotelian commentator and Christian theologian, author of a considerable number of philosophical treatises and theological works.

New!!: Atomism and John Philoponus · See more »

Kalapa (atomism)

Kalapa or rupa-kalapa (from Sanskrit rūpa "form, phenomenon" and kalāpa "bundle") is a term in Theravada Buddhist phenomenology for the smallest units, of physical matter.

New!!: Atomism and Kalapa (atomism) · See more »

Kalpa Sūtra

The Kalpa Sūtra (कल्पसूत्र) is a Jain text containing the biographies of the Jain Tirthankaras, notably Parshvanatha and Mahavira.

New!!: Atomism and Kalpa Sūtra · See more »

Kanada (philosopher)

Kanada (Sanskrit: कणाद, IAST: 'Kaṇāda), also known as Kashyapa, Uluka, Kananda and Kanabhuk, was an ancient Indian natural scientist and philosopher who founded the Vaisheshika school of Indian philosophy.

New!!: Atomism and Kanada (philosopher) · See more »

Lancelot Law Whyte

Lancelot Law Whyte (1896–1972) was a Scottish philosopher, theoretical physicist, historian of science and financier.

New!!: Atomism and Lancelot Law Whyte · See more »

Leucippus

Leucippus (Λεύκιππος, Leúkippos; fl. 5th cent. BCE) is reported in some ancient sources to have been a philosopher who was the earliest Greek to develop the theory of atomism—the idea that everything is composed entirely of various imperishable, indivisible elements called atoms.

New!!: Atomism and Leucippus · See more »

Light

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Atomism and Light · See more »

Lucretius

Titus Lucretius Carus (15 October 99 BC – c. 55 BC) was a Roman poet and philosopher.

New!!: Atomism and Lucretius · See more »

Materialism

Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental aspects and consciousness, are results of material interactions.

New!!: Atomism and Materialism · See more »

Matter

In the classical physics observed in everyday life, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume.

New!!: Atomism and Matter · See more »

Mechanical philosophy

The mechanical philosophy is a natural philosophy describing the universe as similar to a large-scale mechanism.

New!!: Atomism and Mechanical philosophy · See more »

Mechanism (philosophy)

Mechanism is the belief that natural wholes (principally living things) are like complicated machines or artifacts, composed of parts lacking any intrinsic relationship to each other.

New!!: Atomism and Mechanism (philosophy) · See more »

Medieval university

A medieval university is a corporation organized during the Middle Ages for the purposes of higher learning.

New!!: Atomism and Medieval university · See more »

Mereological nihilism

Mereological nihilism (also called compositional nihilism, or rarely simply nihilism) is the mereological position that objects with proper parts do not exist.

New!!: Atomism and Mereological nihilism · See more »

Mind–body dualism

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,Hart, W.D. (1996) "Dualism", in A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, ed.

New!!: Atomism and Mind–body dualism · See more »

Minima naturalia

Minima naturalia ("natural minima") were theorized by Aristotle as the smallest parts into which a homogeneous natural substance (e.g., flesh, bone, or wood) could be divided and still retain its essential character.

New!!: Atomism and Minima naturalia · See more »

Molecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Atomism and Molecule · See more »

Monism

Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence.

New!!: Atomism and Monism · See more »

Natural philosophy

Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.

New!!: Atomism and Natural philosophy · See more »

Nausiphanes

Nausiphanes (Ναυσιφάνης; lived c. 325 BC), a native of Teos, was attached to the philosophy of Democritus, and was a pupil of Pyrrho.

New!!: Atomism and Nausiphanes · See more »

Nicholas of Autrecourt

Nicholas of Autrecourt (French: Nicholas d'Autrécourt; Latin: Nicolaus de Autricuria or Nicolaus de Ultricuria; c. 1299, Autrecourt – 16 or 17 July 1369, Metz) was a French medieval philosopher and Scholastic theologian.

New!!: Atomism and Nicholas of Autrecourt · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Atomism and Nitrogen · See more »

Nyaya

(Sanskrit: न्याय, ny-āyá), literally means "rules", "method" or "judgment".

New!!: Atomism and Nyaya · See more »

Occasionalism

Occasionalism is a philosophical theory about causation which says that created substances cannot be efficient causes of events.

New!!: Atomism and Occasionalism · See more »

Octahedron

In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.

New!!: Atomism and Octahedron · See more »

Online Etymology Dictionary

The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.

New!!: Atomism and Online Etymology Dictionary · See more »

Outline of physical science

Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.

New!!: Atomism and Outline of physical science · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Atomism and Oxygen · See more »

Pancastikayasara

Pañcastikayasara (en: the essence of reality), is an ancient Jain text authored by Acharya Kundakunda.

New!!: Atomism and Pancastikayasara · See more »

Parmenides

Parmenides of Elea (Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (Greater Greece, included Southern Italy).

New!!: Atomism and Parmenides · See more »

Physicalism

In philosophy, physicalism is the ontological thesis that "everything is physical", that there is "nothing over and above" the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical.

New!!: Atomism and Physicalism · See more »

Pierre Gassendi

Pierre Gassendi (also Pierre Gassend, Petrus Gassendi; 22 January 1592 – 24 October 1655) was a French philosopher, priest, astronomer, and mathematician.

New!!: Atomism and Pierre Gassendi · See more »

Plato

Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

New!!: Atomism and Plato · See more »

Platonic solid

In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.

New!!: Atomism and Platonic solid · See more »

Pluralism (philosophy)

Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning "doctrine of multiplicity", often used in opposition to monism ("doctrine of unity") and dualism ("doctrine of duality").

New!!: Atomism and Pluralism (philosophy) · See more »

Pseudo-Geber

Pseudo-Geber (or "Latin Pseudo-Geber") refers to a corpus of Latin alchemist writing dated to the late 13th and early 14th centuries, attributed to Geber (Jābir ibn Hayyān), an early alchemist of the Islamic Golden Age.

New!!: Atomism and Pseudo-Geber · See more »

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

New!!: Atomism and Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary · See more »

Reductionism

Reductionism is any of several related philosophical ideas regarding the associations between phenomena which can be described in terms of other simpler or more fundamental phenomena.

New!!: Atomism and Reductionism · See more »

Religion

Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.

New!!: Atomism and Religion · See more »

René Descartes

René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.

New!!: Atomism and René Descartes · See more »

Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor.

New!!: Atomism and Robert Boyle · See more »

Roger Joseph Boscovich

Roger Joseph Boscovich (Ruđer Josip Bošković,, Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich, Rodericus Iosephus Boscovicus; 18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath, Fairchild University website.

New!!: Atomism and Roger Joseph Boscovich · See more »

Royal Medal

A Royal Medal, known also as The King's Medal or The Queen's Medal, depending on the gender of the monarch at the time of the award, is a silver-gilt medal, of which three are awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences", done within the Commonwealth of Nations.

New!!: Atomism and Royal Medal · See more »

Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

New!!: Atomism and Royal Society · See more »

Samadhi

Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of meditative consciousness.

New!!: Atomism and Samadhi · See more »

Samkhya

Samkhya or Sankhya (सांख्य, IAST) is one of the six āstika schools of Hindu philosophy.

New!!: Atomism and Samkhya · See more »

Scholasticism

Scholasticism is a method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics ("scholastics", or "schoolmen") of medieval universities in Europe from about 1100 to 1700, and a program of employing that method in articulating and defending dogma in an increasingly pluralistic context.

New!!: Atomism and Scholasticism · See more »

Schools of Islamic theology

Schools of Islamic theology are various Islamic schools and branches in different schools of thought regarding aqidah (creed).

New!!: Atomism and Schools of Islamic theology · See more »

Scientific demonstration

A scientific demonstration is a scientific experiment carried out for the purposes of demonstrating scientific principles, rather than for hypothesis testing or knowledge gathering (although they may originally have been carried out for these purposes).

New!!: Atomism and Scientific demonstration · See more »

Sextus Empiricus

Sextus Empiricus (Σέξτος Ἐμπειρικός; c. 160 – c. 210 CE, n.b., dates uncertain), was a physician and philosopher, who likely lived in Alexandria, Rome, or Athens.

New!!: Atomism and Sextus Empiricus · See more »

Shlomo Pines

Shlomo Pines (August 5, 1908 in Charenton-le-Pont – January 9, 1990 in Jerusalem) was an Israeli scholar of Jewish and Islamic philosophy, best known for his English translation of Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed.

New!!: Atomism and Shlomo Pines · See more »

Sidereus Nuncius

Sidereus Nuncius (usually Sidereal Messenger, also Starry Messenger or Sidereal Message) is a short astronomical treatise (or pamphlet) published in New Latin by Galileo Galilei on March 13, 1610.

New!!: Atomism and Sidereus Nuncius · See more »

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 2nd Baronet

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 2nd Baronet FRS (5 February 181724 November 1880) was an English chemist.

New!!: Atomism and Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 2nd Baronet · See more »

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) combines an online encyclopedia of philosophy with peer-reviewed publication of original papers in philosophy, freely accessible to Internet users.

New!!: Atomism and Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy · See more »

Substance theory

Substance theory, or substance attribute theory, is an ontological theory about objecthood, positing that a substance is distinct from its properties.

New!!: Atomism and Substance theory · See more »

Substantial form

A theory of substantial forms asserts that forms (or ideas) organize matter and make it intelligible.

New!!: Atomism and Substantial form · See more »

Tattvartha Sutra

Tattvartha Sutra (also known as Tattvarth-adhigama-sutra) is an ancient Jain text written by Acharya Umaswami, sometime between the 2nd- and 5th-century AD.

New!!: Atomism and Tattvartha Sutra · See more »

Tetrahedron

In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.

New!!: Atomism and Tetrahedron · See more »

The Assayer

The Assayer (Il Saggiatore) was a book published in Rome by Galileo Galilei in October 1623 and is generally considered to be one of the pioneering works of the scientific method, first broaching the idea that the book of nature is to be read with mathematical tools rather than those of scholastic philosophy, as generally held at the time.

New!!: Atomism and The Assayer · See more »

The Sceptical Chymist

The Sceptical Chymist: or Chymico-Physical Doubts & Paradoxes is the title of a book by Robert Boyle, published in London in 1661.

New!!: Atomism and The Sceptical Chymist · See more »

Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.

New!!: Atomism and Thomas Aquinas · See more »

Thomas Harriot

Thomas Harriot (Oxford, c. 1560 – London, 2 July 1621), also spelled Harriott, Hariot or Heriot, was an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer and translator who made advances within the scientific field.

New!!: Atomism and Thomas Harriot · See more »

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.

New!!: Atomism and Thomas Hobbes · See more »

Udayana

Udayana, also known as Udayanācārya (Udyanacharya, or Master Udayana), was a very important Hindu logician of the tenth century who attempted to reconcile the views held by the two major schools of logic (Nyaya and Vaisheshika).

New!!: Atomism and Udayana · See more »

University of Toronto Press

The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.

New!!: Atomism and University of Toronto Press · See more »

Vaisheshika

Vaisheshika or (वैशेषिक) is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy (Vedic systems) from ancient India.

New!!: Atomism and Vaisheshika · See more »

Vācaspati Miśra

Vachaspati Mishra was a 9th- or 10th-century CE Indian philosopher.

New!!: Atomism and Vācaspati Miśra · See more »

W. W. Norton & Company

W.

New!!: Atomism and W. W. Norton & Company · See more »

Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Atomism and Water · See more »

Will Durant

William James "Will" Durant (November 5, 1885 – November 7, 1981) was an American writer, historian, and philosopher.

New!!: Atomism and Will Durant · See more »

William R. Newman

William R. Newman (born March 13, 1955) is Distinguished Professor and Ruth N. Halls Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at Indiana University.

New!!: Atomism and William R. Newman · See more »

Yajnavalkya

Yajnavalkya (याज्ञवल्क्य) was a Hindu Vedic sage.

New!!: Atomism and Yajnavalkya · See more »

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali are a collection of 196 Indian sutras (aphorisms) on the theory and practice of yoga.

New!!: Atomism and Yoga Sutras of Patanjali · See more »

Redirects here:

Atom and void, Atomist, Atomistic, Atomists, Atoms and void, Classical atomism, Democritean theory of atoms, Indian atomism, The Atomists.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomism

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »