45 relations: Adrenal gland, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Androgen, Anorexia nervosa, Apoptosis, Atrophic vaginitis, Bed rest, Cachexia, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, Circulatory system, Estrogen, Exercise, Glucocorticoid, Gonadotropin, Guillain–Barré syndrome, Heart failure, Homeostasis, Hormone, Hypertrophy, List of biological development disorders, MedlinePlus, Menopause, Muscular dystrophy, Mutation, Myosatellite cell, Myotonia congenita, Myotonic dystrophy, Nerve, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy, Optic neuropathy, Organ (anatomy), Pathology, Physiology, Poliomyelitis, Prednisone, Sarcopenia, Sex steroid, Skeletal muscle, Spinal muscular atrophies, Testicular atrophy, Thymus, Tissue (biology), Tonsil, Wasting, Williams and Norgate.
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles.
An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.
Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
Atrophic vaginitis is the chronic and progressive inflammation of the vagina (and the lower urinary tract) due to the thinning and shrinking of the vaginal tissues and is often accompanied by vulvar and urinary pathologies.
Bed rest, also referred to as the rest-cure, is a medical treatment in which a person lies in bed for most of the time to try to cure an illness.
Cachexia, or wasting syndrome, is loss of weight, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively trying to lose weight.
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, a group of varied inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive loss of muscle tissue and touch sensation across various parts of the body.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
Gonadotropins are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates.
Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Hypertrophy (from Greek ὑπέρ "excess" + τροφή "nourishment") is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells.
MedlinePlus is an online information service produced by the United States National Library of Medicine.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time.
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
Myosatellite cells or satellite cells are small multipotent cells with virtually no cytoplasm found in mature muscle.
Congenital myotonia, also called myotonia congenita, is a congenital neuromuscular channelopathy that affects skeletal muscles (muscles used for movement).
Myotonic dystrophy is a long term genetic disorder that affects muscle function.
A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (nerve fibers, the long and slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.
Olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is the degeneration of neurons in specific areas of the brain – the cerebellum, pons, and inferior olivary nucleus.
Optic neuropathy is damage to the optic nerve from any cause.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
Prednisone is a synthetic glucocorticoid drug that is mostly used to suppress the immune system.
Sarcopenia is the degenerative loss of skeletal muscle mass (0.5–1% loss per year after the age of 50), quality, and strength associated with aging.
Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors.
Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.
Spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) are a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of rare debilitating disorders characterised by the degeneration of lower motor neurons (neuronal cells situated in the anterior horn of the spinal cord) and subsequent atrophy (wasting) of various muscle groups in the body.
Testicular atrophy is a medical condition in which the male reproductive organs (the testes, which in humans are located in the scrotum) diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function.
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue facing into the aerodigestive tract.
In medicine, wasting, also known as wasting syndrome, refers to the process by which a debilitating disease causes muscle and fat tissue to "waste" away.
Williams and Norgate were publishers and book importers in London and Edinburgh.
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