247 relations: Abilene Reporter-News, Aerial torpedo, African Americans, Aichi D3A, Air warfare of World War II, Aircraft carrier, Albert Coady Wedemeyer, Alert state, Alfred Thayer Mahan, American Caesar, American propaganda during World War II, Ancestry.com, Anti-aircraft warfare, Armor-piercing shell, Arthur MacArthur Jr., Asiatic-Pacific Theater, AuthorHouse, Avgas, Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces, B. H. Liddell Hart, Battle of France, Battle of Guam (1941), Battle of Hong Kong, Battle of Leyte Gulf, Battle of Midway, Battle of Taranto, Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of Wake Island, Battleship Row, Bellows Air Force Station, Belt armor, Billy Mitchell, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Bomber, British Columbia, British Empire, British Malaya, Bronze Star Medal, Canadian Prairies, Charles A. Beard, Chūichi Hara, Chūichi Nagumo, Chester W. Nimitz, Combat air patrol, ComBatPac, Combined Fleet, Consequences of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Cruiser, Curtiss P-36 Hawk, ..., Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, David Akui, Decisive victory, Destroyer, Distinguished Flying Cross (United States), Distinguished Service Cross (United States), Distinguished Service Medal (United States Navy), Dive bomber, Doris Miller, Douglas MacArthur, Douglas SBD Dauntless, Dry dock, Edward Ellsberg, Edward L. Beach Jr., Edwin T. Layton, Empire of Japan, European theatre of World War II, Fighter aircraft, First engagement of neutral United States in World War II before the attack on Pearl Harbor, Ford Island, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Friendly fire, Fuel oil, Gallup (company), General quarters, General-purpose bomb, George Welch (pilot), German declaration of war against the United States, Global Oriental, Gordon Prange, Government of Canada, Gozen Kaigi, Gunpowder magazine, HA. 19 (Japanese Midget Submarine), Hamilton Fish III, Harry W. Brown (pilot), Harvard University Asia Center, Hawaii (island), Hawaii National Guard, Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory, Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zone, Henry Clausen, Henry L. Stimson, Hickam Air Force Base, Hirohito, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan, Homer N. Wallin, Hull note, Husband E. Kimmel, Imperial General Headquarters, Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff, Infamy Speech, International Christian University, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Internment, Internment of Japanese Americans, Isaac C. Kidd, Isoroku Yamamoto, Isoroku Yamamoto's sleeping giant quote, Italian declaration of war on the United States, James O. Richardson, Japan Standard Time, Japanese Canadians, Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire, Japanese invasion of French Indochina, Japanese invasion of Malaya, Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Japanese people, Japanese war crimes, John Keegan, John Moore Allison, John T. Flynn, Joint session of the United States Congress, Kalona, Iowa, Kazuo Sakamaki, Kenneth M. Taylor, Kermit Tyler, Kilauea Military Camp, Killed in action, Kure Naval District, Lieutenant commander, Light cruiser, List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Attack on Pearl Harbor, List of United States Navy ships present at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, Machine gun, Machine tool, Massawa, McCollum memo, Medal of Honor, Mervyn S. Bennion, Midget submarine, Military air base, Military attaché, Military history of the United States during World War II, Military strike, Minelayer, Minesweeper, Minoru Genda, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Mitsuo Fuchida, Nagai Kita, Nakajima B5N, Nanking Massacre, National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, Naval Station Pearl Harbor, Navy and Marine Corps Medal, Navy Cross, Netherlands, NHK, Niihau, Niihau incident, Opana Radar Site, Operation K, Pacific Ocean, Pacific War, Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor advance-knowledge conspiracy theory, Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal, Pearl Harbor Survivors Association, Penguin Books, Phil Rasmussen, Philippines, Philippines Campaign (1941–42), Plan Dog memo, President of the United States, Preventive war, Prisoner of war, Proceedings, Provinces and territories of Canada, Republic of China (1912–1949), Robert Alfred Theobald, Robert Stinnett, Royal Navy, Ryūnosuke Kusaka, San Diego, Sand Island (Hawaii), SCR-270, Seaplane tender, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shigekazu Shimazaki, Shigeru Fukudome, Shipyard, Shore leave, Silver Star, Singapore, Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, Southeast Asia, Station HYPO, Strafing, Takeo Yoshikawa, Taranto, Target ship, Territory of Hawaii, The Drive, The Japan Times, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Thomas C. Hart, Torpedo bomber, Tripartite Pact, Two-Ocean Navy Act, Type 91 torpedo, Type A Kō-hyōteki-class submarine, Type B Cipher Machine, Under the Red Sea Sun, United Kingdom, United Kingdom declaration of war on Japan, United States, United States Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Asiatic Fleet, United States Coast Guard, United States declaration of war on Japan, United States declaration of war upon Germany (1941), United States declaration of war upon Italy, United States Naval Institute, United States Pacific Fleet, University of Hawaii, University of Illinois Press, USS Arizona Memorial, USS Panay incident, UTC−10:30, Walter Lord, Walter Short, War Measures Act, War Plan Orange, Wheeler Army Airfield, William Halsey Jr., William Henry Chamberlin, William L. Shirer, Winds Code, Winston Churchill, World War II, Xlibris, 1st Air Fleet (Imperial Japanese Navy), 5"/38 caliber gun. 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Abilene Reporter-News is a daily newspaper based in Abilene, Texas, USA.
An aerial torpedo, airborne torpedo or air-dropped torpedo is a naval weapon, a torpedo, that an aircraft—fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter—drops in the water, after which the weapon propels itself to the target.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber (Allied reporting name "Val") is a World War II carrier-borne dive bomber.
The air warfare of World War II was a major component in all theaters and, together with anti-aircraft warfare, consumed a large fraction of the industrial output of the major powers.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
General Albert Coady Wedemeyer (July 9, 1897 – December 17, 1989) was a United States Army commander who served in Asia during World War II from October 1943 to the end of the war.
An alert state is an indication of the state of readiness of the armed forces for military action or a State against terrorism or military attack.
Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.
American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964 is a 1978 biography of General of the Army Douglas MacArthur by American historian William Manchester.
During active American involvement in World War II (1941–45), propaganda was used to increase support for the war and commitment to an Allied victory.
Ancestry.com LLC is a privately held online company based in Lehi, Utah.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.
Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur Jr. (June 2, 1845 – September 5, 1912), was a United States Army general.
The Asiatic-Pacific Theater, was the theater of operations of U.S. forces during World War II in the Pacific War during 1941–45.
AuthorHouse, formerly known as 1stBooks, is a self-publishing company based in the United States.
Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK), is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.
The United States Armed Forces awards and decorations are primarily the medals, service ribbons, and specific badges which recognize military service and personal accomplishments while a member of the U.S. Armed Forces.
Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The First Battle of Guam was an engagement during the Pacific War in World War II, and took place from 8 December to 10 December 1941 on Guam in the Mariana Islands between Japan and the United States.
The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf (Filipino: Labanan sa Golpo ng Leyte) is generally considered to have been the largest naval battle of World War II and, by some criteria, possibly the largest naval battle in history.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The Battle of Wake Island began simultaneously with the attack on Pearl Harbor naval/air bases in Hawaii and ended on 23 December 1941, with the surrender of the American forces to the Empire of Japan.
Battleship Row was the grouping of eight U.S. battleships in port at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, when the Japanese attacked on 7 December 1941.
Bellows Air Force Station (Bellows Field) is a United States military reservation located in Waimanalo, Hawaii.
Belt armor is a layer of heavy metal armor plated onto or within the outer hulls of warships, typically on battleships, battlecruisers and cruisers, and aircraft carriers.
William Lendrum Mitchell (December 29, 1879 – February 19, 1936) was a United States Army general who is regarded as the father of the United States Air Force.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
The Bronze Star Medal, unofficially the Bronze Star, is a United States decoration awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces for either heroic achievement, heroic service, meritorious achievement, or meritorious service in a combat zone.
The Canadian Prairies is a region in Western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political.
Charles Austin Beard (November 27, 1874 – September 1, 1948) was, with Frederick Jackson Turner, one of the most influential American historians of the first half of the 20th century.
was a Japanese admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
was a Japanese admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II and onetime commander of the Kido Butai (the carrier battle group).
Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (February 24, 1885February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy.
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
COMBATPAC was the title, from 1922 to 1944, of the United States Navy officer who commanded the battleships of the larger United States Battle Fleet in the Pacific (Commander, Battleships, Pacific).
was the main ocean-going component of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The results of the attack on Pearl Harbor were many and significant.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.
David M. Akui (January 16, 1920 – September 15, 1987) was an American soldier who became famous for capturing the first Japanese prisoner of war in World War II.
The term decisive victory refers to a military victory in battle that definitively resolves the objective being fought over, ending one stage of the conflict and beginning another stage.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918.".
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Army (and previously the United States Air Force), for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force.
The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
Doris "Dorie" Miller (October 12, 1919November 24, 1943) was an American Messman Third Class in the United States Navy.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft from 1940 through 1944.
A dry dock (sometimes dry-dock or drydock) is a narrow basin or vessel that can be flooded to allow a load to be floated in, then drained to allow that load to come to rest on a dry platform.
Edward Ellsberg, OBE (November 21, 1891 – January 24, 1983) was an officer in the United States Navy and a popular author.
Edward Latimer Beach Jr. (April 20, 1918 – December 1, 2002), nicknamed "Ned", was a highly decorated United States Navy submarine officer and best-selling author.
Edwin Thomas Layton (April 7, 1903 – April 12, 1984) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, who is most noted for his work as an intelligence officer during and before World War II.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Scholars have identified various events as being the first engagement of neutral United States in World War II before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Ford Island (PokaAilana) is an islet in the center of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
General quarters, battle stations, or action stations is an announcement made aboard a naval warship to signal that all hands (everyone available) aboard a ship must go to battle stations as quickly as possible.
A general-purpose bomb is an air-dropped bomb intended as a compromise between blast damage, penetration, and fragmentation in explosive effect.
George Welch (May 10, 1918 – October 12, 1954) was a World War II flying ace, a Medal of Honor nominee, and an experimental aircraft pilot after the war.
On 11 December 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against the Japanese Empire, Nazi Germany declared war against the United States, in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the United States government when the US was still officially neutral during World War II.
Global Oriental is an imprint of the Dutch publishing house Brill.
Gordon William Prange (July 16, 1910 – May 15, 1980) was the author of several World War II historical manuscripts which were published by his co-workers after his death in 1980.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
(literally, a conference before) was an extraconstitutional conference on foreign matters of grave national importance that was convened by the government of the Empire of Japan in the presence of the Emperor.
A gunpowder magazine is a magazine (building) designed to store the explosive gunpowder in wooden barrels for safety.
Hamilton Fish III (born Hamilton Stuyvesant Fish and also known as Hamilton Fish Jr.; December 7, 1888 – January 18, 1991) was a soldier and Republican politician from New York State.
Harry Winston Brown (May 19, 1921 – October 7, 1991) was an Army Air Corps second lieutenant assigned to the 47th Pursuit Squadron at Wheeler Field on the island of Oahu during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941.
The Harvard University Asia Center is an interdisciplinary research and education unit of Harvard University, established on July 1, 1997, with the goal of "driving varied programs focusing on international relations in Asia and comparative studies of Asian countries and regions (...) and supplementing other Asia-related programs and institutes and the University and providing a focal point for interaction and exchange on topics of common interest for the Harvard community and Asian intellectual, political, and business circles.", according to its charter.
Hawaiʻi is the largest island located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The Hawaii National Guard consists of the Hawaii Army National Guard and the Hawaii Air National Guard.
The Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL) is a regional undersea research facility under the auspices of the U. S. government's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Undersea Research Program and administered by the University of Hawaii.
The Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zone observes Hawaii–Aleutian Standard Time (HST), by subtracting ten hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−10:00).
Henry Christian Clausen (30 June 1905 – 4 December 1992) was the author of the Clausen Report, an 800-page report on the Army Board's Pearl Harbor Investigation.
Henry Lewis Stimson (September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican Party politician.
Hickam Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation, named in honor of aviation pioneer Lieutenant Colonel Horace Meek Hickam.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan (2000) is a book by Herbert P. Bix covering the reign of Emperor Hirohito of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989.
Homer Norman Wallin (December 6, 1893 – March 6, 1984) was a Vice Admiral in the United States Navy, best known for his salvage of ships sunk in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Hull note, officially the Outline of Proposed Basis for Agreement Between the United States and Japan, was the final proposal delivered to the Empire of Japan by the United States before the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Japanese declaration of war.
Husband Edward Kimmel (February 26, 1882 – May 14, 1968) was an admiral in the United States Navy.
The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.
The was the air arm of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The was the highest organ within the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Infamy Speech was a speech delivered by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt to a Joint Session of the US Congress on December 8, 1941, one day after the Empire of Japan's attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and the Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire.
is a non-denominational private university located in Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan.
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for joint conspiracy to start and wage war (categorized as "Class A" crimes), conventional war crimes ("Class B") and crimes against humanity ("Class C").
Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.
The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000Various primary and secondary sources list counts between persons.
Isaac Cambell Kidd (March 26, 1884 – December 7, 1941) was an American Rear Admiral in the United States Navy.
was a Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Navy and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
Isoroku Yamamoto's sleeping giant quotation is a film quote by the Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto regarding the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor by forces of Imperial Japan.
On December 11, 1941, Italy declared war on the United States in response to that country's declaration of war upon the Empire of Japan following the attack on Pearl Harbor four days earlier.
James Otto Richardson (18 September 1878 – 2 May 1974) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served from 1902 to 1947.
is the standard timezone in Japan, 9 hours ahead of UTC (i.e. it is UTC+09:00).
are Canadian citizens of Japanese ancestry.
The declaration of war by the Empire of Japan on the United States and the British Empire was published on December 8, 1941 (Japan time; December 7 in the United States), after Japanese forces had executed an attack on the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor and attacks on British forces in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.
The was a short undeclared military confrontation between the Empire of Japan and Vichy France in northern Indochina.
The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on 18 September 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident.
are a nation and an ethnic group that is native to Japan and makes up 98.5% of the total population of that country.
War crimes of the Empire of Japan occurred in many Asia-Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
Sir John Desmond Patrick Keegan (15 May 1934 – 2 August 2012) was an English military historian, lecturer, writer and journalist.
John Moore Allison (April 7, 1905 – October 28, 1978) was a US diplomat most commonly known for being US Ambassador to Japan from 1953 to 1957.
John Thomas Flynn (October 25, 1882 – April 13, 1964) was an American journalist best known for his opposition to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and to American entry into World War II.
A joint session of the United States Congress is a gathering of members of the two chambers of the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Kalona is a city in Washington County, Iowa, United States.
was a Japanese naval officer who became the first Japanese prisoner of war of World War II captured by US forces.
Kenneth Marlar Taylor (December 23, 1919 – November 25, 2006) was a United States Air Force officer and a flying ace of World War II.
Kermit Arthur Tyler (April 13, 1913 – January 23, 2010) was an American Air Force officer.
Kīlauea Military Camp (KMC) is operated as a Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) facility on Hawai‘i Island, also known as the Big Island, in Hawaiʻi.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
was the second of four main administrative districts of the pre-war Imperial Japanese Navy.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration presented by the United States (U.S.) government to a member of its armed forces.
List of United States Navy ships present at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, including commissioned warships and service auxiliaries, but not yard craft assigned to the Fourteenth Naval District.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.
Massawa (Maṣṣawa‘, Mitsiwa), also known as Miṣṣiwa‘ (مِـصِّـوَع) and Bāḍiʿ (بَـاضِـع),Matt Phillips, Jean-Bernard Carillet, Lonely Planet Ethiopia and Eritrea, (Lonely Planet: 2006), p.340.
The McCollum memo, also known as the Eight Action Memo was a memorandum, dated October 7, 1940 (more than a year before the Pearl Harbor attack), sent by Lieutenant Commander Arthur H. McCollum, who "provided the president with intelligence reports on...
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Mervyn Sharp Bennion (May 5, 1887 – December 7, 1941) was a captain in the United States Navy who died during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
A midget submarine (also called a mini submarine) is any submarine under 150 tons, typically operated by a crew of one or two but sometimes up to 6 or 9, with little or no on-board living accommodation.
A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.
A military attaché is a military expert who is attached to a diplomatic mission (an attaché).
The military history of the United States in World War II covers the war against Germany, Italy, Japan and starting with the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
In the military of the United States, strikes and raids are a group of military operations that, alongside quite a number of others, come under the formal umbrella of military operations other than war (MOOTW).
Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines.
A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.
was a well-known Japanese military aviator and politician.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
was a Japanese captain in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service and a bomber aviator in the Japanese navy before and during World War II.
was a Japanese Consul stationed in Hawaii.
The Nakajima B5N (中島 B5N, Allied reporting name "Kate") was the standard carrier-based torpedo bomber of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) for much of World War II.
The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, also referred to as Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day or Pearl Harbor Day, is observed annually in the United States on December 7, to remember and honor the 2,403 citizens of the United States who were killed in the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941.
Naval Station Pearl Harbor is a U.S. naval base adjacent to Honolulu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The Navy and Marine Corps Medal is the highest non-combat decoration awarded for heroism by the United States Department of the Navy to the members of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps.
The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
Niihau (Hawaiian) is the westernmost and seventh largest inhabited island in Hawaiokinai.
The Niihau incident occurred on December 7–13, 1941, when Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service pilot Shigenori Nishikaichi (西開地 重徳 Nishikaichi Shigenori) crash-landed his Zero on the Hawaiian island of Niokinaihau after participating in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Opana Radar Site is a National Historic Landmark and IEEE Milestone that commemorates the first operational use of radar by the United States in wartime, during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
was a Japanese naval operation in World War II, intended as a reconnaissance of Pearl Harbor and disruption of repair and salvage operations following the surprise attack on 7 December 1941.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
The Pearl Harbor advance-knowledge conspiracy theory is the argument that U.S. Government officials had advance knowledge of Japan's December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal, also known as the Pearl Harbor Survivor’s Medal, is a bronze commemorative medal which was established by the United States Congress on November 5, 1990 (P.L. 101-510, 104 Stat. 1721).
The Pearl Harbor Survivors Association (PHSA), founded in 1958 and recognized by the United States Congress in 1985, was a World War II veterans organization whose members were on Pearl Harbor or three miles or less offshore during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Philip M. Rasmussen (May 11, 1918 – April 30, 2005) was an Army Air Corps second lieutenant assigned to the 46th Pursuit Squadron at Wheeler Field on the island of Oahu during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Philippines Campaign (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas or Labanan sa Pilipinas) or the Battle of the Philippines, fought 8 December 1941 – 8 May 1942, was the invasion of the Philippines by Imperial Japan and the defense of the islands by United States and Filipino forces during the Second World War.
The Plan Dog memorandum was a 1940 American government document written by Chief of Naval Operations Harold Rainsford Stark.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
A preventive war is a war or military action initiated to prevent another party from acquiring a capability for attacking.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
In academia and librarianship, proceedings are the acts and happenings of an academic field, a learned society, or an academic conference.
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Robert Alfred Theobald (30 May 1884 – 13 May 1957), nicknamed "Fuzzy", was a United States Navy officer who served in World War I and World War II, and achieved the rank of rear admiral.
Robert B. Stinnett is a former American sailor, later a photographer and author.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II who served as Chief of Staff of the Combined Fleet.
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
Sand Island, formerly known as Quarantine Island, also known as Kush Island is a small island within the city of Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.
The SCR-270 (Signal Corps Radio model 270) was one of the first operational early-warning radars.
A seaplane tender is a boat or ship that supports the operation of seaplanes.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
, was a Japanese career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during World War II.
was an admiral and Chief of Staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.
Shore leave is the leave that professional sailors get to spend on dry land.
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement in the Second World War, part of the war in the Pacific, that took place north of Singapore, off the east coast of Malaya, near Kuantan, Pahang, where the British Royal Navy battleship and battlecruiser were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 10 December 1941.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Station, also known as Fleet Radio Unit Pacific was the United States Navy signals monitoring and cryptographic intelligence unit in Hawaii during World War II.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
was a Japanese spy in Hawaii before the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
A target ship is a vessel — typically an obsolete or captured warship — used as a seaborne target for naval gunnery practice or for weapons testing.
The Territory of Hawaii or Hawaii Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from August 12, 1898, until August 21, 1959, when most of its territory, excluding Palmyra Island and the Stewart Islands, was admitted to the Union as the fiftieth U.S. state, the State of Hawaii.
The Drive was an offensive series in the fourth quarter of the 1986 AFC Championship Game played on January 11, 1987, at Cleveland Municipal Stadium between the Denver Broncos and Cleveland Browns.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany is a book by William L. Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi Germany from the birth of Adolf Hitler in 1889 to the end of World War II in 1945.
Thomas Charles Hart (June 12, 1877July 4, 1971) was an admiral in the United States Navy, whose service extended from the Spanish–American War through World War II.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
The Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin on 27 September 1940 by, respectively, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburō Kurusu.
The Two-Ocean Navy Act, also known as the Vinson-Walsh Act, was a United States law enacted on July 19, 1940, and named for Carl Vinson and David I. Walsh, who chaired the Naval Affairs Committee in the House and Senate respectively.
The Type 91 was an aerial torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy designed to be launched from an aircraft.
The class was a class of Japanese midget submarines (Ko-hyoteki) used during World War II.
In the history of cryptography, "System 97 Typewriter for European Characters" or "Type B Cipher Machine", codenamed Purple by the United States, was a diplomatic cryptographic machine used by the Japanese Foreign Office just before and during World War II.
Under the Red Sea Sun (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1946) is a book by Edward Ellsberg describing salvage operations of the many ships scuttled by the Italians to block the port of Massawa on the Red Sea coast of Eritrea during World War II.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
On 8 December 1941, the government of the United Kingdom declared war on the Empire of Japan, following the Japanese attacks on Malaya, Singapore and Hong Kong.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Asiatic Fleet was a fleet of the United States Navy during much of the first half of the 20th century.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
On December 8, 1941, the United States Congress declared war (Public Law 77-328, 55 STAT 795) on the Empire of Japan in response to that country's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor the prior day.
On December 11, 1941, the United States Congress declared war upon Germany (Sess. 1, ch. 564), hours after Germany declared war on the United States after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan.
On December 11, 1941, in response to Italy declaring war on the United States, four days following the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, and three days after the United States declaration of war on the Empire of Japan, the United States Congress passed the Joint Resolution Declaring That a State of War Exists Between The Government of Italy and the Government and the People of the United States and Making Provisions to Prosecute the Same, thereby declaring war against Italy.
The United States Naval Institute (USNI), based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues.
The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is a Pacific Ocean theater-level component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to the United States Indo-Pacific Command.
The University of Hawaiʻi system (formally the University of Hawaiʻi and popularly known as UH) is a public, co-educational college and university system that confers associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees through three university campuses, seven community college campuses, an employment training center, three university centers, four education centers and various other research facilities distributed across six islands throughout the State of Hawaii in the United States.
The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.
The USS Arizona Memorial, at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors and Marines killed on during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and commemorates the events of that day.
The USS Panay incident was a Japanese attack on the American gunboat while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking (now spelled Nanjing), China on 12 December 1937.
UTC−10:30 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of −10:30.
John Walter Lord, Jr. (October 8, 1917 – May 19, 2002), was an American author, best known for his documentary-style non-fiction account A Night to Remember (1955), about the sinking of the ''RMS Titanic''.
Walter Campbell Short (March 30, 1880 – September 3, 1949) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army and the U.S. military commander responsible for the defense of U.S. military installations in Hawaii at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
The War Measures Act (Loi sur les mesures de guerre) (5 George V, Chap. 2) was a statute of the Parliament of Canada that provided for the declaration of war, invasion, or insurrection, and the types of emergency measures that could thereby be taken.
War Plan Orange (commonly known as Plan Orange or just Orange) refers to a series of United States Joint Army and Navy Board war plans for dealing with a possible war with Japan during the years between the First and Second World Wars.
Wheeler Army Airfield, also known as Wheeler Field and formerly as Wheeler Air Force Base, is a United States Army post located in the City & County of Honolulu and in the Wahiawa District of the Island of O'ahu, Hawaii.
Fleet Admiral William Frederick Halsey Jr., KBE (October 30, 1882 – August 16, 1959),"Halsey", ArlingtonCemetery.net.
William Henry Chamberlin (February 17, 1897 – September 12, 1969) was an American historian and journalist.
William Lawrence Shirer (February 23, 1904 – December 28, 1993) was an American journalist and war correspondent.
The "Winds Code" is a confused military intelligence episode relating to the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, especially the advance-knowledge debate claiming that the attack was expected.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xlibris is a self-publishingRachel Donadio: The New York Times, April 27, 2008 and on-demand printing services provider, founded in 1997 and based in Bloomington, Indiana.
The also known as the Kidō Butai ("Mobile Force"), was a name used for a combined carrier battle group comprising most of the aircraft carriers and carrier air groups of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), during the first eight months of the Pacific War.
The Mark 12 5"/38 caliber gun was a United States naval gun.
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