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Saint Abraham of Smolensk (1150 or 1172 - 1222) was a Russian monk and priest.
An adding machine was a class of mechanical calculator, usually specialized for bookkeeping calculations.
Addison Gerald Farmer (August 21, 1928, Council Bluffs, Iowa – February 20, 1963, New York City) was an American jazz bassist.
Adelbert von Chamisso (30 January 178121 August 1838) was a German poet and botanist, author of Peter Schlemihl, a famous story about a man who sold his shadow.
Afonso VI (English: Alphonzo or Alphonse, Old Portuguese: Affonso; 21 August 164312 September 1683), known as "the Victorious" (o Vitorioso), was the second King of Portugal and the Algarves of the House of Braganza from 1656 until his death.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
In Swedish and Finnish history, the Age of Liberty (Age of Freedom) (Frihetstiden) is a half-century-long period of parliamentary governance and increasing civil rights, beginning with Charles XII's death in 1718 and ending with Gustav III's self-coup in 1772.
Ahmed Mohamed Kathrada (21 August 1929 – 28 March 2017), sometimes known by the nickname "Kathy", was a South African politician, political prisoner and anti-apartheid activist.
Alan Desmond Lee (born 21 August 1978) is an Irish former footballer who played as a striker; he is now working as an academy coach at Ipswich Town.
Saint Alberic of Utrecht (died 21 August 784) was a Benedictine monk and bishop of Utrecht, in what is today the Netherlands.
Albert Henry Thomas Irvin OBE, RA, (21 August 1922 – 26 March 2015) was an English abstract expressionist painter.
Albert Martin Reynolds (3 November 1932 – 21 August 2014) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach from 1992 to 1994, Leader of Fianna Fáil from 1992 to 1994, Minister for Finance from 1988 to 1991, Minister for Industry and Commerce from 1987 to 1988, Minister for Industry and Energy from March 1982 to December 1982, Minister for Transport from 1980 to 1981 and Minister for Posts and Telegraphs from 1979 to 1981.
Aleix Vidal Parreu (born 21 August 1989) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Barcelona.
Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Kiryashova (Александра Александровна Киряшова; born 21 August 1985 in Leningrad, Soviet Union) is a Russian pole vaulter.
Alex Whitmore Brooks (born August 21, 1976 in Madison, Wisconsin) is an American former professional ice hockey defenseman who played as an Undrafted player, 19 games in the National Hockey League for the New Jersey Devils in the 2006–07 season.
Alexander of Hales (also Halensis, Alensis, Halesius, Alesius; 21 August 1245), also called Doctor Irrefragibilis (by Pope Alexander IV in the Bull De Fontibus Paradisi) and Theologorum Monarcha, was a theologian and philosopher important in the development of Scholasticism and of the Franciscan School.
Alexander von Oettingen (–) was a Baltic German Lutheran theologian and statistician.
Alfonso VII (1 March 110521 August 1157), called the Emperor (el Emperador), became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126.
Alphonse or Alfonso (11 November 122021 August 1271) was the Count of Poitou from 1225 and Count of Toulouse (as Alphonse II) from 1249.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Andrzej Zawada, born: Maria Andrzej Zawada, (16 July 1928 in Olsztyn – 21 August 2000 in Warsaw) was a Polish Alpinist and Tatra Mountains climber, pioneer of winter Himalayism.
Angel Karaliychev (Ангел Каралийчев) (21 August 1902, Strazhitsa, Veliko Turnovo Province – 14 December 1972, Sofia) was a Bulgarian writer of children's literature.
Anne Hobbs (born 21 August 1959 in Nottingham) is a British former professional tennis player.
Archie Mason Griffin (born August 21, 1954) is a former American football running back.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces (Lực Lượng Đặc Biệt Quân Lực Việt Nam Cộng Hòa or LLDB) were the elite military units of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (commonly known as South Vietnam).
Arthur Stewart Farmer (August 21, 1928 – October 4, 1999) was an American jazz trumpeter and flugelhorn player.
Art theft is usually for the purpose of resale or for ransom (sometimes called artnapping).
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
The assassination of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., former Philippine Senator, took place on Sunday, August 21, 1983 at Manila International Airport (renamed Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his honor).
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (21 August 187216 March 1898) was an English illustrator and author.
August 20 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - August 22 All fixed commemorations below are observed on September 3 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy FRS FRSE (21 August 178923 May 1857) was a French mathematician, engineer and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics, including: mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics.
Édouard Fabre (August 21, 1885 – July 1, 1939) was a Canadian marathon runner.
Bajram Rexhepi (3 June 1954 – 21 August 2017) was a Kosovar politician who served as the first elected post-war prime minister and later as interior minister of the Republic of Kosovo and as a member of the Kosovo Assembly.
Baldwin II, also known as Baldwin of Bourcq or Bourg (Baudouin; died 21 August 1131), was Count of Edessa from 1100 to 1118, and King of Jerusalem from 1118 until his death.
Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet, GCB (21 August 175415 January 1833) was a British soldier and politician.
Barry Leslie Norman, CBE (21 August 1933 – 30 June 2017) was a British film critic, journalist and television presenter.
The Battle of Charleroi (Bataille de Charleroi), or the Battle of the Sambre, was fought on 21 August 1914, by the French Fifth Army and the German 2nd and 3rd armies, during the Battle of the Frontiers.
The Battle of Dunkeld (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Dhùn Chaillinn) was fought between Jacobite clans supporting the deposed king James VII of Scotland and a government regiment of covenanters supporting William of Orange, King of Scotland, in the streets around Dunkeld Cathedral, Dunkeld, Scotland, on 21 August 1689 and formed part of the Jacobite rising of 1689, commonly called Dundee's rising in Scotland.
The Battle of the Tenaru, sometimes called the Battle of the Ilu River or the Battle of Alligator Creek, was a land battle between the Imperial Japanese Army and Allied ground forces that took place on August 21, 1942 on the island of Guadalcanal during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
In the Battle of Vimeiro (21 August 1808) the British under General Arthur Wellesley (later known as the Duke of Wellington) defeated the French under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, near Lisbon, Portugal during the Peninsular War.
The Battle of Yancheng took place in 1140 near modern-day Luohe City in Henan Province, China between the main armies of China under the Song dynasty and the Jurchen or Jin invaders from the north.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
William Ben Hogan (August 13, 1912 – July 25, 1997) was an American professional golfer who is generally considered to be one of the greatest players in the history of the game.
Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was the husband of former Philippine President Corazon Aquino and father of former Philippine President Benigno Aquino III.
Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, FRS (Reichsgraf von Rumford; March 26, 1753August 21, 1814) was an American-born British physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th century revolution in thermodynamics.
Sister Dr Bernadette Mary Porter CBE (born 21 July 1952) is a British Roman Catholic nun, educator and academic administrator.
Bertalan Székely (8 May 1835, Kolozsvár - 21 August 1910, Budapest) was a Hungarian history and portrait painter who worked in the Romantic and Academic styles.
Bill Lee (August 21, 1916 – November 15, 1980) was an American playback singer who provided a voice or singing voice in many films, for actors in musicals and for many Disney characters.
William Tulip Reay (August 21, 1918 – September 23, 2004) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and coach.
Bipin Gupta (21 August 1905 – 9 September 1981) was an Indian actor and artist during the 1930s and 1960s.
The Black Guerilla Family, or BGF (also known as the Black Family or the Black Vanguard) is an African-American prison and street gang founded in 1966 by George Jackson, George “Big Jake” Lewis, and W.L. Nolen while they were incarcerated at San Quentin State Prison in Marin County, California.
Edith Marie Blossom MacDonald (August 21, 1895 – January 14, 1978), known as Blossom Rock, was an American actress of vaudeville, stage, television, and film, and comedian.
Bois Caïman (Bwa Kayiman) is the site of the Vodou ceremony during which the first major slave insurrection of the Haitian Revolution was planned.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bruce Anstey (born 21 August 1969 in New Zealand) is a professional motorcycle road racer.
Lewis Pate "Bud" McFadin (August 21, 1928 – February 13, 2006) was an American football player. He played college football at the University of Texas and was a unanimous selection at the guard position on the 1950 College Football All-America Team. He later played professional football in the National Football League (NFL) for the Los Angeles Rams (1952–1956) and in the American Football League (AFL) for the Denver Broncos (1960–1963) and Houston Oilers (1964–1965). A versatile player, he played tackle and linebacker on defense, as well as tackle and guard on offense. He was a Pro Bowl pick in 1955 and 1956, a Sporting News All-AFL defensive tackle in 1960, 1961 and 1962, and an American Football League West Division All-Star in 1963. McFadin was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buford Hayse Pusser (December 12, 1937 – August 21, 1974) was the Sheriff of McNairy County, Tennessee, from 1964 to 1970.
Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.
Burney Lamar (born August 21, 1980) is an American stock car racing driver.
Charles Gordon Fullerton (October 11, 1936 – August 21, 2013) was a United States Air Force colonel, a USAF and NASA astronaut, and a research pilot at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Facility, Edwards, California.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Calum "Baldy" MacKay (January 1, 1927 – August 21, 2001) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.
Cameron Howard Winklevoss (born August 21, 1981) is an American rower, entrepreneur, and founder of Winklevoss Capital Management.
Can Yücel ((21 August, 1926 in İstanbul – August 12, 1999 in Datça) was a Turkish poet noted for his use of colloquial language.
Carl Giammarese (born August 21, 1947) is an American musician, singer-songwriter and record producer.
Carrie-Anne Moss (born August 21, 1967) is a Canadian actress.
Catherine Weseluck (born August 21, 1970), also credited as Cathy Weseluck, is a Canadian actress, comedian, singer, and voice artist who frequently works with Ocean Productions in Vancouver, British Columbia and is known for her roles as Near in Death Note, Cybersix /Adrian in Cybersix, and Spike in My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region.
Celia Brayfield is an English author, academic and cultural commentator.
Henry Chandler Egan (August 21, 1884 – April 5, 1936) was an American amateur golfer and golf course architect of the early 20th century.
Stéphane Charbonnier (21 August 1967 – 7 January 2015), better known as Charb, was a French satirical caricaturist and journalist.
Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) were an American design married couple who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture.
Charles Frédéric Gerhardt (21 August 1816 – 19 August 1856) was a French chemist.
Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon (July 21, 1783 – August 21, 1853) was a French general during the Napoleonic Wars.
Charles-Marie Vanel, known as Charles Vanel (21 August 1892 – 15 April 1989), was a French actor and director.
Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont (19 August 1710 – 21 August 1763), PC, of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset, Petworth House in Sussex, and of Egremont House in Mayfair, London, was a British statesman who served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department from 1761-63.
Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.
Charlison Benschop (born 21 August 1989) is a professional footballer who plays for German club Hannover 96 and the Curaçao national football team, as a striker.
Chesley V. Morton is an American stockbroker, securities arbitrator, and former member of the Georgia House of Representatives.
Christian Schad (August 21, 1894February 25, 1982) was a German painter associated with Dada and the New Objectivity movement.
Charles "Chuck" Stevenson (October 15, 1919 – August 21, 1995) was an American racecar driver.
Clarence Williams III (born August 21, 1939) is an American actor.
Claude Grahame-White (21 August 1879 – 19 August 1959) was an English pioneer of aviation, and the first to make a night flight, during the Daily Mail-sponsored 1910 London to Manchester air race.
Claude-Louis Navier (born Claude Louis Marie Henri Navier;; 10 February 1785 – 21 August 1836), was a French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colin Andrew Nielsen Beyer (10 September 1938 – 21 August 2015) was a New Zealand lawyer.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
ConnectU (originally HarvardConnection) was a social networking website launched on May 21, 2004, that was founded by Harvard students Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra in December 2002.
The conquest of Ceuta by the Portuguese on 21 August 1415 marks an important step in the beginning of the Portuguese Empire in Africa.
Leonard Constant Lambert (23 August 190521 August 1951) was a British composer, conductor, and author.
Consuelo Velázquez Torres (Ciudad Guzmán Zapotlán el Grande, Jalisco, August 21, 1916 – January 22, 2005) (popularly also known as Consuelito Velázquez) was a Mexican concert pianist, songwriter and recording artist.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Craig John Counsell (born August 21, 1970) is an American former professional baseball player and current manager in Major League Baseball (MLB).
"Crazy" is a ballad composed by Willie Nelson.
A criticality accident is an uncontrolled nuclear fission chain reaction.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Dahlia Ravikovitch (דליה רביקוביץ'; November 17, 1936 – August 21, 2005) was an Israeli poet, translator, and peace activist.
Daniel Muchiwa Lisulo (6 December 1930 – 21 August 2000) was the 3rd Prime Minister of Zambia from June 1978 until February 1981.
Daniel Sivan (Hebrew: דניאל סיון, born August 21, 1949) is an Emeritus professor in the Department of Hebrew Language at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
Darren Bewick (born 21 August 1967) is a former Australian rules footballer who won two premierships with the Essendon Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL).
David Barnard Steinman (June 11, 1886 – August 21, 1960) was an American structural engineer.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
The demon core was a subcritical mass of plutonium measuring in diameter, which was involved in two criticality accidents.
Dina Carroll (born Geraldine Carroll, 21 August 1968) is an English singer of African and Irish-Scots heritage.
Dominick Roy Harrod (21 August 1940 – 4 August 2013) was a British journalist and broadcaster.
James Donald Raleigh (June 27, 1926 – August 21, 2012) was a professional ice hockey player who played centre.
Donald Campbell Dewar (21 August 1937 – 11 October 2000) was a Scottish politician, the inaugural First Minister of Scotland and an advocate of Scottish devolution.
Douglas Vivian Parson Wright (21 August 1914 – 13 November 1998), better known as Doug Wright, was an English cricketer.
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference or, more formally, the Washington Conversations on International Peace and Security Organization was an international conference at which the United Nations was formulated and negotiated among international leaders.
Dutty Boukman (Also known as "Boukman Dutty") (died 7 November 1791) was an early leader of the Haitian Revolution, enslaved in Jamaica and later in Haiti.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
The Eames House (also known as Case Study House No. 8) is a landmark of mid-20th century modern architecture located at 203 North Chautauqua Boulevard in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood of Los Angeles.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed (Báthory Erzsébet, Alžbeta Bátoriová; 7 August 1560 – 21 August 1614) was a Hungarian noblewoman and alleged murderer from the Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary, who owned land in the Kingdom of Hungary (now Hungary and Slovakia) and Transylvania (now Romania), which were areas of Habsburg monarchy.
Elizabeth Paschel Hoisington (November 3, 1918 – August 21, 2007) was a United States Army officer who was one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general.
Emiliano Mercado del Toro (August 21, 1891 – January 24, 2007) was a Puerto Rican supercentenarian who was, at age 115, the world's oldest person for six weeks, and the world's oldest man from November 19, 2004 (death of Fred H. Hale, Sr.) until his own death on January 24, 2007.
Emilio Salgari (but often erroneously pronounced; 21 August 1862 – 25 April 1911) was an Italian writer of action adventure swashbucklers and a pioneer of science fiction.
was the 39th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
Endre Szemerédi (born August 21, 1940) is a Hungarian-American mathematician, working in the field of combinatorics and theoretical computer science.
Enlightened absolutism refers to the conduct and policies of European absolute monarchs during the 18th and 19th centuries who were influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment.
Enos Mzombi Nkala (23 August 1932 – 21 August 2013) was one of the founders of the Zimbabwe African National Union.
Eraclus, alternatively Eraclius or Evraclus, was the 25th bishop of Liège (959-971).
Eric Antonio Goles Chacc (born August 21, 1951) is a Chilean mathematician and computer scientist of Croatian descent.
Hendrik "Erik" Dekker (born 21 August 1970) is a retired Dutch professional road racing cyclist active from 1992 until 2006.
Erik Paaske (21 August 1933 – 13 June 1992) was a Danish singer and actor.
Ernest Lawrence Thayer (August 14, 1863 – August 21, 1940) was an American writer and poet who wrote the poem "Casey" (or "Casey at the Bat"), which is "the single most famous baseball poem ever written" according to the Baseball Almanac, and "the nation’s best-known piece of comic verse—a ballad that began a native legend as colorful and permanent as that of Johnny Appleseed or Paul Bunyan.".
Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti (15 September 1881 – 21 August 1947) was an Italian-born French automobile designer.
Saint Euprepius of Verona (Euprepus, Puprepis), is venerated as the first bishop of Verona.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Federal Ministry of Defence (Bundesministerium der Verteidigung), abbreviated BMVg, is a top-level federal agency, headed by the Federal Minister of Defence as a member of the Cabinet of Germany.
Luiz Felipe de Oliveira Nasr (born 21 August 1992) is a Brazilian racing driver.
Ferdinandus Hubertus Hamer C.I.C.M. (born 21 August 1840 in Nijmegen, Netherlands, died 23 July 1900 in To Tsjeng, Inner Mongolia, China) was a Catholic missionary to China and bishop who was killed in the Boxer rebellion in China.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
Festus Gontebanye Mogae (born 21 August 1939) is a Motswana politician who served as the third President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008.
The First Minister of Scotland (Prìomh Mhinistear na h-Alba; Heid Meinister o Scotland) is the leader of the Scottish Government.
Fort Selkirk is a former trading post on the Yukon River at the confluence of the Pelly River in Canada's Yukon.
Francis de Sales (François de Sales; Francesco di Sales); 21 August 156728 December 1622) was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God.
Frank Pastore (August 21, 1957 – December 17, 2012) was an American Major League Baseball player and radio host.
Frank Joseph Perry Jr. (August 21, 1930 – August 29, 1995) was an American stage director and filmmaker.
Fred Martin (13 May 1929 – 20 August 2013) was a Scottish professional footballer, who played as a goalkeeper.
The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.
Isadore "Friz" Freleng (August 21, 1906May 26, 1995), often credited as I. Freleng, was an American animator, cartoonist, director, producer, and composer known for his work on the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons.
Gary Elkerton (born 21 August 1964), known as Kong is an Australian surfer, three time world masters champion (2000–01, 2003), three time world professional runner-up (1987, 1990, 1993), twice Hawaiian Triple Crown champion (1987, 1989) and Australian amateur champion (1984).
Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.
Georg Leber (7 October 1920 – 21 August 2012) was a German Trades Union leader and a politician in the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).
George Lester Jackson (September 23, 1941 – August 21, 1971) was an African-American activist and author.
Gerardo Fabián Barbero (21 August 1961 – 4 March 2001) was an Argentine chess grandmaster.
Gerald Michael "Gerry" Anderson (28 October 1944 – 21 August 2014), was a radio and television broadcaster for BBC Northern Ireland.
Ghouta (غوطة دمشق / ALA-LC: Ghūṭat Dimashq) is a countryside and suburban area in southwestern Syria that surrounds the city of Damascus along its eastern and southern rim.
The Ghouta chemical attack occurred in Ghouta, Syria during the Syrian Civil War, in the early hours of 21 August 2013.
Giacomo Filippo Maraldi (August 21, 1665 – December 1, 1729) was a French-Italian astronomer and mathematician.
Giuseppe "Peppino" Meazza (23 August 1910 – 21 August 1979), also known as il Balilla, was an Italian football manager and player.
Glenn Hughes (born 21 August 1952) is an English rock bassist and vocalist, best known for playing bass and performing vocals for funk rock pioneers Trapeze, the Mk. III and IV line-ups of Deep Purple, as well as briefly fronting Black Sabbath in the mid-1980s.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Goran Ćurko (Serbian Cyrillic: Горан Ћурко; born 21 August 1968) is a Serbian former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper.
Grand Master (Magister generalis; Großmeister) is a title of the supreme head of various orders, including chivalric orders such as military orders and dynastic orders of knighthood.
The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.
Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer (21 August 1801 – 19 May 1876), Dutch politician and historian, was born at Voorburg, near The Hague.
Gustav III (– 29 March 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792.
Gustavo José Joaquín Noboa Bejarano (born August 21, 1937 in Guayaquil, Ecuador) is an Ecuadorian politician, former President of Ecuador (from January 22, 2000, to January 15, 2003) and Vice President during Jamil Mahuad's government.
Guy Gustave Arthur Ghislain Spitaels (3 September 1931 – 21 August 2012) was a Belgian politician of the Socialist Party.
The Haitian Revolution (Révolution haïtienne) was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign nation of Haiti.
Harald Ulrik Sverdrup (15 November 1888 – 21 August 1957) was a Norwegian oceanographer and meteorologist.
Haroutune Krikor "Harry" Daghlian Jr. (May 4, 1921 – September 15, 1945) was a physicist with the Manhattan Project which designed and produced the atomic bombs that were used in World War II.
Hayden Lesley Panettiere (born August 21, 1989) is an American actress, model, singer, and activist.
Helen Rae Bamber OBE, née Helen Balmuth (1 May 1925 – 21 August 2014), was a British psychotherapist and human rights activist.
Henri (II) de Rohan (21 August 157913 April 1638), Duke of Rohan and Prince of Léon, was a French soldier, writer and leader of the Huguenots.
Henrik Pontoppidan (24 July 1857 – 21 August 1943) was a Danish realist writer who shared with Karl Gjellerup the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1917 for "his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark." Pontoppidan's novels and short stories — informed with a desire for social progress but despairing, later in his life, of its realization — present an unusually comprehensive picture of his country and his epoch.
Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford (c. 1599 – 21 August 1673), known as the Lord Grey of Groby from 1614 to 1628, was an English nobleman and military leader.
Herman Badillo (pronounced bah-DEE-yoh;https://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/04/nyregion/herman-badillo-fixture-of-new-york-politics-dies-at-85.html August 21, 1929 – December 3, 2014) was an American politician who served as borough president of The Bronx and United States Representative, and ran for Mayor of New York City.
Hermann Obrecht (26 March 1882 – 21 August 1940) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1935–1940).
Hiram Walden (August 21, 1800 – July 21, 1880) was a United States Representative from New York.
Henri Gautier, sometimes called Hubert Gautier (21 August 1660 – 27 September 1737) was a French engineer.
Hugh Hamilton Wilson, Jr. (August 21, 1943 – January 14, 2018) was an American film director, writer and television showrunner.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
Sweden's Constitution of 1772 (regeringsform, "Instrument of Government") took effect through a bloodless coup d'état, the Revolution of 1772, carried out by King Gustav III, who had become king in 1771, establishing a brief absolute monarchy in Sweden.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
This is a list of the Italian Ministers of Justice since 1946.
Ivan Stang (born Douglass St. Clair Smith, August 21, 1953) is an American writer, filmmaker and broadcaster, best known as the author and publisher of the first screed of the Church of the SubGenius.
John Francis "Jack" Buck (August 21, 1924 – June 18, 2002) was an American sportscaster, best known for his work announcing Major League Baseball games of the St. Louis Cardinals.
Jack Weston (born Jack Weinstein; August 21, 1924 – May 3, 1996) was an American actor.
Jackie DeShannon (born August 21, 1944) is an American singer-songwriter with a string of hit song credits from the 1960s onwards, as both singer and composer.
Jacques Mauduit (16 September 1557 – 21 August 1627) was a French composer of the late Renaissance.
Private First Class James Anderson Jr. (January 22, 1947 – February 28, 1967) was a United States Marine who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for heroism while serving in Vietnam in February 1967.
James Edward Burton (born August 21, 1939, in Dubberly, Louisiana) is an American guitarist.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
James Davey (born) is an English rugby league footballer who plays for the Batley Bulldogs in the Betfred Championship.
James Squire Farnell (25 June 1825 – 21 August 1888) was an Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales.
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica (21 August 1670 – 12 June 1734) was an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.
James Paul Moody (21 August 1887 – 15 April 1912) was the Sixth Officer of the and the only junior officer of the ship to die in the disaster.
Dame Janet Abbott Baker (born 21 August 1933) is an English mezzo-soprano best known as an opera, concert, and lieder singer.
Japanese calendar types have included a range of official and unofficial systems.
Jarrod Lyle (born 21 August 1981) is an Australian professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour.
Jarvis Island (formerly known as Bunker Island, or Bunker's Shoal) is an uninhabited coral island located in the South Pacific Ocean at, about halfway between Hawaii and the Cook Islands.
Jasmin Wöhr (born 21 August 1980 in Tübingen) is a retired German tennis player.
Jason John Eaton (born 21 August 1982) is a New Zealand rugby union player.
Jason Scott Marquis (born August 21, 1978) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
Jean Louise (née Haskell) Berkey (August 22, 1938 – August 21, 2013) was an American politician.
Fra' Jean Parisot de La Valette (4 February 1495 – 21 August 1568) was a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 21 August 1557 to his death in 1568.
Jean Redpath MBE (28 April 1937 – 21 August 2014) was a Scottish folk singer, educator and musician.
Jean Servais Stas (21 August 1813 – 13 December 1891) was a Belgian analytical chemist that co-discovered the weight of carbon.
Jean-Andoche Junot, 1st Duke of Abrantès (24 September 1771 – 29 July 1813) was a French general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Jean-Baptiste Greuze (21 August 1725 – 4 March 1805) was a French painter of portraits, genre scenes, and history painting.
Jeff Cunningham (born August 21, 1976) is an American soccer player.
Frank Gerald DaVanon (born August 21, 1945) is a former professional baseball player.
Jermone Gregory "Jerry" Finn (March 31, 1969 – August 21, 2008) was an American record producer and mix engineer.
Jiří Paroubek (born 21 August 1952) is a Czech politician, who was the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from April 2005 to August 2006.
James Eric Bullinger (born August 21, 1965) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs (-), Montreal Expos and Seattle Mariners.
James Robert McMahon, Jr. (born August 21, 1959) is a former American football player.
James Evert (July 31, 1924 – August 21, 2015) was an American tennis coach and player.
The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.
Map showing the Song-Jurchen Jin wars The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279).
John Graham Mellor (21 August 1952 – 22 December 2002), known by his stage name Joe Strummer, was an English musician, singer, actor and songwriter who was the co-founder, lyricist, rhythm guitarist and lead vocalist of the Clash, a punk rock band formed in 1976 as part of the original wave of British punk.
John Claypole (21 August 1625 – 26 June 1688)or John Claypoole.
John Rivers Coplans (London, 24 June 1920 – New York City, 21 August 2003) was a British artist, art writer, curator, and museum director.
Rev. John Thorneycroft Hartley (9 January 1849 – 21 August 1935) was a former World No. 1 tennis player from England, and the only clergyman to win Wimbledon.
John Anthony Korfas (Τζον Κόρφας; born August 21, 1962) is a retired Greek American professional basketball player and a professional basketball coach.
John MacCulloch FRS (6 October 1773 – 21 August 1835) was a Scottish geologist.
John Karl Wetteland (born August 21, 1966) is a retired American Major League Baseball pitcher who specialized as a closer.
Jon Tester (born August 21, 1956) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Montana, in office since 2007.
Jonathan Edward Schell (August 21, 1943 – March 25, 2014) was an American author and visiting fellow at Yale University, whose work primarily dealt with campaigning against nuclear weapons.
Jorge de Lencastre (English: George; 21 August 1481 – 22 July 1550) was a Portuguese prince, illegitimate son of King John II of Portugal and Ana de Mendonça, a maid of Joanna la Beltraneja.
Josée Chouinard (born August 21, 1969) is a Canadian former competitive figure skater.
Journey is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1973, composed of former members of Santana and Frumious Bandersnatch.
Don Juan de Tassis y Peralta, 2nd Count of Villamediana, (es: Don Juan de Tassis y Peralta, segundo conde de Villamediana; 1582 – 21 August 1622), was a Spanish poet.
Jules Michelet (21 August 1798 – 9 February 1874) was a French historian.
Kacey Lee Musgraves (born August 21, 1988) is an American country music singer and songwriter.
Karl Gegenbaur (21 August 1826 – 14 June 1903)"Karl Gegenbaur - Encyclopædia Britannica" (biography), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006, Britannica.com.
Kate Eliana Valdez Sisante (born August 21, 2000), professionally known as Kate Valdez, is a Filipina actress and model.
Kathleen Vaughan Wilkes (23 June 1946 – 21 August 2003) was an English philosopher and academic who played an important part in rebuilding the education systems of former Communist countries after 1990.
Courtney Keith Allen (August 21, 1923 – February 4, 2014) was a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman and National Hockey League (NHL) head coach and general manager.
Major General Robert Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott, (21 August 1897 – 15 December 1966) was a senior British Army officer who served in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Keith William Hart (born August 21, 1951) is a Canadian-American retired professional wrestler and firefighter.
Kelis Rogers (born August 21, 1979), better known mononymously as Kelis, is an American singer, songwriter and chef.
Kenneth Ray Rogers (born August 21, 1938) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Kim Victoria Cattrall (born 21 August 1956) is an English-Canadian actress.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), or Serbian Kingdom (Српско краљевство / Srpsko kraljevstvo), was a medieval Serbian state that existed from 1217 to 1346, ruled by the Nemanjić dynasty.
Kirpal Singh (6 February 1894 – 21 August 1974) was a spiritual master (satguru).
The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), also known as the Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, Knights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval Catholic military order.
Knock Shrine (Cnoc Mhuire, "Hill of Mary" or "Mary's Hill") is a Roman Catholic pilgrimage site and National Shrine in the village of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland, where observers stated that there was an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph, Saint John the Evangelist, angels, and Jesus Christ (the Lamb of God) in 1879.
(born 21 August 1986, in Sapporo) is a Japanese gymnast.
Yannis Costantinidis (Γιάννης Κωνσταντινίδης), also known by the pen name Kostas Giannidis (Κώστας Γιαννίδης) (21 August 1903 – 17 January 1984) was a Greek composer, pianist and conductor.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (baptised 26 May 1689 – 21 August 1762) (née Pierrepont) was an English aristocrat, letter writer and poet.
Lake Nyos is a crater lake in the Northwest Region of Cameroon, located about northwest of Yaoundé the capital.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Laura Kate Trevelyan (born 21 August 1968) is a BBC anchor/correspondent based in New York City.
Hugh Laurence "Laurie" Doherty (8 October 1875 – 21 August 1919) was a British tennis player and the younger brother of tennis player Reginald Doherty.
Lawrence is the county seat of Douglas County and sixth largest city in Kansas.
Leandro Jones Johan Bacuna (born 21 August 1991) is a professional footballer who plays for English club Reading as a midfielder and right back.
The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Lee Matthew Gronkiewicz (born August 21, 1978 in Los Angeles) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
Leonid "Leo" Hurwicz (August 21, 1917 – June 24, 2008) was a Polish American economist and mathematician.
Liam Paul Paris Howlett (born 21 August 1971) is record producer, musician, songwriter, co-founder and leader of the British electronic band The Prodigy, and an occasional DJ.
The Liberal Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas) is a liberal and populist political party in the Philippines, founded by then senators Senate President Manuel Roxas, Senate President Pro-Tempore Elpidio Quirino, and former 9th Senatorial District Senator José Avelino, on January 19, 1946 by a breakaway Liberal wing from the old Nacionalista Party.
This is a list of the bishops and prince-bishops of Liège.
The Chief Minister (CM) of Maharashtra is the head of the Government of the western Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Governor of Delaware (President of Delaware from 1776 to 1792) is the head of the executive branch of Delaware's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
A signature song is the one song (or, in some cases, one of a few songs) that a popular and well-established recording artist or band is most closely identified with or best known for, even if they have had success with a variety of other songs.
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire.
Loretta Devine (born August 21, 1949) is an American actress and singer, best known for her roles as Marla Hendricks in the Fox drama series Boston Public, and for her recurring role as Adele Webber on the Shonda Rhimes' Grey's Anatomy, for which she won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2011.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos or LANL for short) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory initially organized during World War II for the design of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Lucius Shepard (August 21, 1943 – March 18, 2014) was an American writer.
Ma Xinyi (Xiao'erjing: ﻣَﺎ سٍ ىِ,; Styled and variably 穀三; Posthumous title: 端敏公 (Duke Duanmin); (November 3, 1821–August 22, 1870) was an eminent Hui Muslim official and a military general of the late Qing Dynasty in China. Along with other prominent figures, including Hu Linyi and Guam Wing, Ma raised the Green Standard Army to fight against the Taiping Rebellion and restore the stability of Qing Dynasty. This set the scene for the era later known as the "Tongzhi Restoration"（同治中兴）. His assassination symbolized the serious conflict between the Xiang Army and Green Standard Army, both of which fought for the Qing Dynasty.
The Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the Upper and Lower Peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Mait Metsanurk (Born Eduard Hubel, November 19, 1879 – 21 August 1957), was an Estonian writer who led the neo-realist school of Estonian literature.
Mamadou Diallo (born August 28, 1971 in Dakar), also known as Big Mama, is a Senegalese former footballer who played as a striker.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Marcus Schmuck (April 18, 1925 – August 21, 2005) was an Austrian mountaineer.
Mark Melville Williams (born 21 August 1958) is a former Australian rules football player and coach.
Mark Williams (born 21 August 1954) is a New Zealand-born pop/soul singer with Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) number one hit singles, "Yesterday Was Just the Beginning of My Life" (1975) and a cover of Buddy Holly's "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" (1977) before he relocated to Australia later that year.
The Mars Observer spacecraft, also known as the Mars Geoscience/Climatology Orbiter, was a robotic space probe launched by NASA on September 25, 1992 to study the Martian surface, atmosphere, climate and magnetic field.
Jose Ruperto Martin Marfori Andanar (born August 21, 1974) is a former Filipino television news personality and news anchor, radio commentator, podcaster, audio blogger and voice-over artist who last worked for TV5.
Martin Dillon (June 17, 1957 – August 21, 2005) was an American musician, operatic tenor, and professor of music at Rutgers University in Camden, New Jersey.
Matteo Gentili (born 21 August 1989) is an Italian footballer who plays as a defender for U.S.D. Real Forte dei Marmi-Querceta.
Maximilian of Antioch (Maximilianus; died) was a Christian martyr under the Roman emperor Julian.
The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit academic medical center based in Rochester, Minnesota focused on integrated clinical practice, education, and research.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Melvin Emanuel Upton Jr. (born August 21, 1984), formerly known as B. J. Upton, is an American professional baseball outfielder who is a free agent.
Melvin "Block" Van Peebles (born August 21, 1932) is an American actor, filmmaker, playwright, novelist and composer.
Menashe Kadishman (Hebrew: מנשה קדישמן; August 21, 1932 - May 8, 2015) was an Israeli sculptor and painter.
The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.
Michael Dacher (21 August 1933 – 3 December 1994) was a German mountaineer and extreme climber.
Michael Philip Weston (born 21 August 1938) is a former international rugby union player and captain.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
was the founder and the first shōgun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan.
The Minister-President of Wallonia is the head of the Walloon government, the executive power of Wallonia, one of the three regions of Belgium.
The Ministry of Defence is a Zimbabwe Government ministry, responsible for defence and national defence policy.
Mohammed VI (محمد السادس,; born 21 August 1963) is the King of Morocco.
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
Moog Music is an American company based in Asheville, North Carolina which manufactures electronic musical instruments.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Motown is an American record company.
Mount Elbrus (ɪlʲˈbrus; Минги тау, Miñi taw,; Ӏуащхьэмахуэ, ’Wāśhamāxwa) is the highest mountain in Europe, and the tenth most prominent peak in the world.
Syed Muhammad Naushah Ganj Bakhsh Qadiri (also spelled Qadri, 21 August 1552 – 18 May 1654), a scholar, saint and preacher of Islam in South Asia(today's Gujrat, Pakistan), was the founder of the Naushahia branch of the Qadiriyya Sufi order.
The Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF) was an international peacekeeping force created in August 1982 following the 1981 U.S.-brokered ceasefire between the PLO and Israel to end their involvement in the conflict between Lebanon's pro-government and pro-Syrian factions.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
Nat Turner (October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831) was an American slave who led a rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia on August 21, 1831.
Nathaniel Everett Green FRAS (21 August 1823 – 10 November 1899) was an English painter, art teacher and astronomer.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neil John Dexter (born 21 August 1984) is a South African-born English cricketer, currently playing for Leicestershire.
Robert Nelson "Old Poison" Stewart (December 29, 1902 – August 21, 1957) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played for the Montreal Maroons, New York Americans and Boston Bruins in the National Hockey League.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
Ngô Đình Nhu (7 October 1910 – 2 November 1963) was a Vietnamese archivist and politician.
Ngô Đình Diệm (3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
Nicolás Almagro Sánchez (born 21 August 1985 in Murcia, Spain) is a Spanish professional tennis player.
Nigel Graham Pearson (born 21 August 1963) is an English football manager and former professional player who is currently manager of OH Leuven.
Nikolay Nikolayevich Bogolyubov (Никола́й Никола́евич Боголю́бов; 21 August 1909 – 13 February 1992), also transliterated as Bogoliubov and Bogolubov, was a Soviet mathematician and theoretical physicist known for a significant contribution to quantum field theory, classical and quantum statistical mechanics, and the theory of dynamical systems; He was the recipient of the 1992 Dirac Prize.
Ninoy Aquino Day is a national non-working holiday in the Philippines observed annually on August 21, commemorating the assassination of former Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. He was the husband of Corazon Aquino, who was later to become Philippine President; they are treated as two of the heroes of democracy in the country.
The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, formerly known and still commonly referred to as Manila International Airport as well as its codename Nichols Field (Nichols), is the airport serving Manila and its surrounding metropolitan area.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors.
Omar Sachedina (born August 21, 1982) is a Canadian television journalist, currently a news anchor and correspondent for the CTV Television Network, a Canadian English language television network owned by Bell Media, and Canada's largest privately owned network.
Operation Tractable was the final offensive conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by one brigade of British tanks, as part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.
William Owen Bradley (October 21, 1915 – January 7, 1998) was an American record producer who, along with Chet Atkins and Bob Ferguson, was one of the chief architects of the 1950s and 1960s Nashville sound in country music and rockabilly.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.
Palmiro Togliatti (26 March 1893 – 21 August 1964) was an Italian politician and leader of the Italian Communist Party from 1927 until his death.
Patrick Demarchelier (born 21 August 1943) is a French fashion photographer.
Patrick Juvet (born 21 August 1950, in Montreux, Switzerland) is a former model turned singer-songwriter, who had a string of hit records in France.
Patsy Cline (born Virginia Patterson Hensley; September 8, 1932 – March 5, 1963) was an American country music singer and part of the Nashville sound during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Patricia "Patty" McCormack (born Patricia Ellen Russo; August 21, 1945) is an American actress with a career in theater, films, and television.
Paul Fentener van Vlissingen (21 March 1941 in Utrecht – 21 August 2006 in Langbroek) was a Dutch-British businessman and philanthropist.
Paul Mellor (born 21 August 1974 in Sydney, New South Wales) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s.
Paul Menard (born August 21, 1980) is an American professional stock car racing driver.
Paul Panhuysen (21 August 1934 – 29 January 2015) was a Dutch composer, visual and sound artist.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Perry Gladstone Christie (born 21 August 1943), PC, MP, is a Bahamian former politician who served as Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 2002 to 2007 and from 2012 to 2017.
Peter David Weber (born August 21, 1962 in St. Ann, Missouri), nicknamed "PDW", is an American bowler on the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA) Tour, and a member of the PBA and USBC Halls of Fame.
Peter Buxton (born 21 August 1978, in Cheltenham) is a former rugby union footballer who played flanker previously for Gloucester Rugby.
Peter Lindsay Weir, AM (born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director.
The PGA Championship (often referred to as the U.S. PGA Championship or U.S. PGA outside the United States) is an annual golf tournament conducted by the Professional Golfers' Association of America.
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
Fra' Philippe de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam (1464 – 21 August 1534) was a prominent member of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes and later Malta.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Plaza Miranda bombing occurred during a political campaign rally of the Liberal Party at Plaza Miranda in the district of Quiapo, Manila in the Philippines on August 21, 1971.
Pope Saint Pius X (Pio), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, (2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914) was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The President of the Republic of Botswana is the head of state and the head of government of Botswana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, according to the Constitution of Botswana.
The President of the Republic of Ecuador (Presidente de la República del Ecuador) serves as both the head of state and head of government of Ecuador, is the highest political office in the country as the head of the executive branch of government.
In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), the President of the Church is the highest office of the church.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of The Bahamas is the head of government of the Bahamas, currently Hubert Minnis.
The Chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky), normally referred to in English as the Prime Minister, is the head of the Government of the Czech Republic.
The Prime Minister of Zambia was the head of government of Zambia.
Infante D. Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (4 March 1394 – 13 November 1460), better known as Prince Henry the Navigator (Infante Dom Henrique, o Navegador), was a central figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and in the 15th-century European maritime discoveries and maritime expansion.
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, (Margaret Rose; 21 August 1930 – 9 February 2002) was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II.
Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680—also known as Popé's Rebellion—was an uprising of most of the indigenous Pueblo people against the Spanish colonizers in the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, present day New Mexico.
The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material and religious practices.
Quantrill's Raiders were the best-known of the pro-Confederate partisan guerrillas (also known as "bushwhackers") who fought in the American Civil War.
The R-7 (Р-7 "Семёрка") was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile.
Radish Tordia (რადიშ თორდია) (born August 21, 1936 in Abasha) is a painter of figurative art from Georgia.
Ramón Luis Vázquez (born August 21, 1976) is a Puerto Rican former professional baseball infielder and current coach for the Boston Red Sox.
Raul Santos Seixas (28 June 1945 – 21 August 1989) was a Brazilian rock composer, singer, songwriter and producer.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Reuben Droughns (born August 21, 1978) is a retired American football running back who is currently the assistant coach for the Serbian team Vukovi Beograd, the two-time champions of the Central European Football League.
Reuven Feuerstein (Hebrew: ראובן פוירשטיין; August 21, 1921 – April 29, 2014) was an Israeli clinical, developmental, and cognitive psychologist, known for his theory of intelligence which states “it is not ‘fixed’, but rather modifiable”.
Rex Anthony Shelley (27 November 1930 – 21 August 2009) was a Eurasian Singaporean author.
Richard Girulatis (21 August 1878 – 12 May 1963) was a German football manager.
Riksdag of the Estates (formally Riksens ständer; informally Ståndsriksdagen) was the name used for the Estates of Sweden when they were assembled.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Robert Jeffrey Harvey (born 21 August 1971) is a former Australian rules football player for the St Kilda Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Robert Lewandowski (born 21 August 1988) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a striker for Bundesliga club Bayern Munich and is the captain of the Poland national team.
Robert Miles (born 21 August 1976 in Sydney) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in the National Rugby League for the Sydney City Roosters, Northern Eagles and the Wests Tigers.
Robert Arthur Moog ("mogue"; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005), founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer.
Robert Stone (August 21, 1937 – January 10, 2015) was an American novelist.
Rochester is a city founded in 1854 in the U.S. State of Minnesota and is the county seat of Olmsted County located on the Zumbro River's south fork in Southeast Minnesota.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.
Rodolfo Enrique Fogwill (July 15, 1941 – August 21, 2010), who normally went only by his surname, Fogwill, was an Argentine short story writer, novelist, and businessman.
Sir Roger Twysden, 2nd Baronet (21 August 1597 – 27 June 1672), of Roydon Hall in Kent, was an English historian and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1640.
The Archdiocese of Utrecht (Archidioecesis Ultraiectensis) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands.
The Romanians (români or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Eastern Romance language which is descended from the Latin language. According to the 2011 Romanian census, just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians. In one interpretation of the census results in Moldova, the Moldovans are counted as Romanians, which would mean that the latter form part of the majority in that country as well.Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook By David Levinson, Published 1998 – Greenwood Publishing Group.At the time of the 1989 census, Moldova's total population was 4,335,400. The largest nationality in the republic, ethnic Romanians, numbered 2,795,000 persons, accounting for 64.5 percent of the population. Source:: "however it is one interpretation of census data results. The subject of Moldovan vs Romanian ethnicity touches upon the sensitive topic of", page 108 sqq. Romanians are also an ethnic minority in several nearby countries situated in Central, respectively Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Czech Republic, Ukraine (including Moldovans), Serbia, and Bulgaria. Today, estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from 26 to 30 million according to various sources, evidently depending on the definition of the term 'Romanian', Romanians native to Romania and Republic of Moldova and their afferent diasporas, native speakers of Romanian, as well as other Eastern Romance-speaking groups considered by most scholars as a constituent part of the broader Romanian people, specifically Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, Istro-Romanians, and Vlachs in Serbia (including medieval Vlachs), in Croatia, in Bulgaria, or in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ruth Manning-Sanders (21 August 1886 – 12 October 1988) was a Welsh-born English poet and author, well known for a series of children's books in which she collected and related fairy tales from all over the world.
Sachidananda Routray (13 May 1916 – 21 August 2004) was an Odia poet, novelist, short-story writer.
The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium.
Santa Fe (or; Tewa: Ogha Po'oge, Yootó) is the capital of the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Scott Douglas McDonald (born 21 August 1983) is an Australian professional footballer.
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from late August to early September, in the basin of the River Somme.
The Secretary of State for the Southern Department was a position in the cabinet of the government of Kingdom of Great Britain up to 1782, when the Southern Department became the Foreign Office.
The Serbian civil war of 1331 broke out following King Stefan Uroš III's decision not to continue campaigning against the Byzantine Empire when he had the chance following the victory at the Battle of Velbazhd against Bulgaria, alienating much of the nobility, which became divided supporting either Uroš III or his son, Stefan Dušan.
Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin (Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин; born August 21, 1973) is a Russian-born American computer scientist and internet entrepreneur.
Serj Tankian (born August 21, 1967) is an Armenian-American singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, poet and political activist.
The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).
was the second son of Shimazu Takahisa and younger brother of Shimazu Yoshihisa.
Sidney Bernstein (August 12, 1918 – August 21, 2013) was an American music producer and promoter.
Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius, better known as Saint Sidonius Apollinaris (5 November of an unknown year, 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.
The Siege of Pondicherry was the first military action on the Indian subcontinent following the declaration of war between Great Britain and France in the Anglo-French War.
Simon Matthew Katich (born 21 August 1975) is a former Australian cricketer.
Siobhan Dowd (4 February 1960 – 21 August 2007) was a British writer and activist.
The Socialist Republic of Romania (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party Communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989.
The solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, dubbed "The Great American Eclipse" by the media, was a total solar eclipse visible within a band that spanned the entire contiguous United States, passing from the Pacific to the Atlantic coasts.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Southampton County is a county located on the southern border of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Statehood Day or Admission Day is a legal holiday in the state of Hawaii in the United States.
Stefan Uroš III Nemanjić (Стефан Урош III Немањић), known as Stefan Dečanski ("Stefan of Dečani"; Стефан Дечански,; 1285 – 11 November 1331), was the King of Serbia from 6 January 1322 to 8 September 1331.
Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (Стефан Урош IV Душан), known as Dušan the Mighty (Душан Силни/Dušan Silni; 1308 – 20 December 1355), was the King of Serbia from 8 September 1331 and Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks from 16 April 1346 until his death.
Stephen McDannell Hillenburg (born August21, 1961) is an American cartoonist, animator, and former marine biologist.
Steve McKenna (born August 21, 1973) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player who played both defense and left wing.
Steven Bruce Smith (born August 21, 1954) is an American drummer best known as a member of the rock band Journey, rejoining the group for the third time in 2015.
Steven Ray Nagel (October 27, 1946 – August 21, 2014), (Col, USAF), was an American astronaut, aeronautical and mechanical engineer, test pilot, and a United States Air Force pilot.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar FRS (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian American astrophysicist who spent his professional life in the United States.
Sudhakarrao Rajusing Naik (21 August 1934 – 10 May 2001) was an Indian politician from Indian National Congress party who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 25 June 1991 until 22 February 1993 following the communal riots in the aftermath of 1993 Bombay Bombings.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Tang Daoxi (唐道襲) (died August 21, 913Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 268..) was an official and general of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Former Shu.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
Tatiana Troyanos (September 12, 1938 – August 21, 1993) was an American mezzo-soprano of Greek and German descent, remembered as "one of the defining singers of her generation" (Boston Globe).
Teodoro "Teddy" de Villa Diaz (1 April 1963 – 21 August 1988) was a Filipino guitarist and composer, best known as the leader and founding member of The Dawn.
The Buckinghams are an American Sunshine pop band from Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Marvelettes was an American girl group that achieved popularity in the early- to mid-1960s.
Thomas Clayton (July 1777 – August 21, 1854) was an American lawyer and politician from Dover in Kent County, Delaware.
Thomas Spencer Monson (August 21, 1927 – January 2, 2018) was an American religious leader, author, and the 16th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
The Thomasites were originally a group of about 500 American teachers sent by the United States government to the Philippines in August 1901 who arrived on the USAT Thomas.
Eldrick Tont Woods (born December 30, 1975) better known as Tiger Woods, is an American professional golfer who is among the most successful golfers of all time.
The Tlingit (or; also spelled Tlinkit) are Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America.
Joseph Hector "Toe" Blake, (August 21, 1912 – May 17, 1995) was a Canadian ice hockey player and coach in the National Hockey League (NHL).
David Xavier Harrigan, aka Tomata du Plenty (May 28, 1948 – August 21, 2000) was the singer of the late 1970s and early 1980s Los Angeles electropunk band The Screamers.
Tyler Howard Winklevoss (born August 21, 1981) is an American rower, entrepreneur, and founder of Winklevoss Capital Management.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
Usain St Leo Bolt (born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican sprinter and world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.
USAT Thomas was a United States Army transport ship, launched as the SS Persia in 1894, having been built for the Hamburg America Line's service to New York.
Vakkadai Biksheswaran Chandrasekhar (born 21 August 1961) is an Indian former cricketer, who represented the country in seven One Day Internationals during 1988–90.
The Viceroy of Liangjiang or Viceroy of the Two Jiangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of the Two Yangtze Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs, Provisions and Funds, Manager of Waterways, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty.
Vimeiro is a freguesia (civil parish) in the municipality of Lourinhã in west-central Portugal.
Vincenzo Peruggia (October 8, 1881 – October 8, 1925) was an Italian thief, most famous for stealing the Mona Lisa on 21 August 1911.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Wang Dongxing (9 January 1916 – 21 August 2015) was a Chinese politician who was Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1977 to 1980 after being Mao Zedong's principal bodyguard during the Cultural Revolution.
The Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, officially known as Operation Danube, was a joint invasion of Czechoslovakia by five Warsaw Pact nations – the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany and Poland – on the night of 20–21 August 1968.
William Cleland (ca. 1661 – 21 August 1689) was a Scottish poet and soldier.
Will H. Ogilvie (21 August 1869 – 30 January 1963) was a Scottish-Australian narrative poet and horseman, jackaroo, and drover, and described as a quiet-spoken handsome Scot of medium height, with a fair moustache and red complexion.
William II, Count of Nevers (born prior to 1089, reigned 1098 – 21 August 1148), was a crusader in the Crusade of 1101.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) (21 August 1754 – 15 November 1839) was a Scottish engineer and inventor.
William Seward Burroughs I (January 28, 1855 – September 15, 1898) was an American inventor born in Rochester, New York.
William Paul Thurston (October 30, 1946August 21, 2012) was an American mathematician.
Willie Edward Lanier (born August 21, 1945) is a former American football middle-linebacker who played for the Kansas City Chiefs from 1967 through 1977.
Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.
Wilton Norman Chamberlain (August 21, 1936 – October 12, 1999) was an American basketball player.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wout Brama (born 21 August 1986) is a Dutch footballer, who currently plays as a defensive midfielder for the FC Twente in the Eredivisie.
Wuzhu (died 1148), also known by his sinicised name Wanyan Zongbi, or Jin Wuzhu, was a prince, military general and civil minister of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries.
The Xá Lợi Pagoda raids were a series of synchronized attacks on various Buddhist pagodas in the major cities of South Vietnam shortly after midnight on 21 August 1963.
Youth Day is a holiday dedicated to the youths of a country.
Yue Fei (24 March 1103 – 27 January 1142), courtesy name Pengju, was a Han Chinese military general who lived during the Southern Song dynasty.
Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).
Zahir al-Umar al-Zaydani (alternatively spelled Dhaher al-Omar or Dahir al-Umar) (ظاهر آل عمر الزيداني; Ẓāhir āl-ʿUmar az-Zaydānī, 1689/90 – 21 August 1775) was the virtually autonomous Arab ruler of northern Palestine in the mid-18th century,Philipp, ed.
Year 1131 (MCXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1140 (MCXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1157 (MCLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1165 (MCLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1192 (MCXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1245 (MCCXLV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1271 (MCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1331 (MCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1415 (MCDXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1481 (MCDLXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar).
Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1535 (MDXXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1567 (MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until 1899.
This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
The 1883 Rochester tornado was an F5 (estimated) tornado that hit Rochester, Minnesota on August 21, 1883.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
The 1988 Nepal earthquake occurred in Nepal near the Indian border and affected much of northern Bihar.
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
The 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, also known as the August Coup (r "August Putsch"), was an attempt by members of the Soviet Union's government to take control of the country from Soviet President and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
1992 was designated as.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
Year 672 (DCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 784 (DCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 913 (CMXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 959 (CMLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.