68 relations: Aequorea victoria, Amphipoda, Animal, Arthropod, Aurelia (cnidarian), Bacteria, Carbohydrate, Carl Linnaeus, Cilium, Circulatory system, Cnidocyte, Ctenophora, Diatom, Diffusion, Digestion, Digestive enzyme, Epithelium, Estuary, Excretion, Frederick Stratten Russell, Gastrodermis, Gastrovascular cavity, Genus, Gill, Gonad, Harbor, Herbivore, Hydrozoa, Jellyfish, Leatherback sea turtle, Lipid, Lung, Marine Biology (journal), Mesoglea, Mollusca, Monterey Bay Aquarium, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Nerve, Ocean, Ocean sunfish, Oxygen saturation, Phacellophora camtschatica, Plankton, Planula, PLOS One, Polychaete, Polyp, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Protein, Protozoa, ..., Red Sea, Respiratory system, Rotifer, Salinity, Seto Inland Sea, Southend-on-Sea, Sternum, Strobilation, Substrate (marine biology), Temperate climate, Trachea, Tropics, Tunicate, Turritopsis dohrnii, Zooplankton, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 40th parallel south, 70th parallel north. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
Aequorea victoria, also sometimes called the crystal jelly, is a bioluminescent hydrozoan jellyfish, or hydromedusa, that is found off the west coast of North America.
Amphipoda is an order of malacostracan crustaceans with no carapace and generally with laterally compressed bodies.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
Aurelia is a genus of scyphozoan jellyfish, commonly called moon jellies.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
A cilium (the plural is cilia) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
A cnidocyte (also known as a cnidoblast or nematocyte) is an explosive cell containing one giant secretory organelle or cnida (plural cnidae) that defines the phylum Cnidaria (corals, sea anemones, hydrae, jellyfish, etc.). Cnidae are used for prey capture and defense from predators.
Ctenophora (singular ctenophore, or; from the Greek κτείς kteis 'comb' and φέρω pherō 'to carry'; commonly known as comb jellies) is a phylum of invertebrate animals that live in marine waters worldwide.
Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential) as a result of random motion of the molecules or atoms.
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Excretion is the process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism.
Sir Frederick Stratten Russell (3 November 1897 – 5 June 1984) was an English marine biologist.
The gastrodermis is the inner layer of cells that serves as a lining membrane of the gastrovascular cavity of Cnidarians.
The gastrovascular cavity is the primary organ of digestion and circulation in two major animal phyla: the Cnidaria (including jellyfish and corals) and Platyhelminthes (flatworms).
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.
A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
Hydrozoa (hydrozoans, from ancient Greek ὕδρα, hydra, "sea serpent" and ζῷον, zoon, "animal") are a taxonomic class of individually very small, predatory animals, some solitary and some colonial, most living in salt water.
Jellyfish or sea jelly is the informal common name given to the medusa-phase of certain gelatinous members of the subphylum Medusozoa, a major part of the phylum Cnidaria.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Marine Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on all aspects of marine biology.
Mesoglea, also known as mesohyl, is the translucent, non-living, jelly-like substance found between the two epithelial cell layers (i.e., between the ectoderm and endoderm) in the bodies of cnidarians and sponges.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Monterey Bay Aquarium is a nonprofit public aquarium in Monterey, California.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (nerve fibers, the long and slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
The ocean sunfish or common mola (Mola mola) is the heaviest known bony fish in the world.
Oxygen saturation (symbol SO2) is a relative measure of the concentration of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium as a proportion of the maximal concentration that can be dissolved in that medium.
Phacellophora camtschatica, commonly known as the fried egg jellyfish or egg-yolk jellyfish, is a very large jellyfish in the family Ulmaridae.
Plankton (singular plankter) are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current.
A planula is the free-swimming, flattened, ciliated, bilaterally symmetric larval form of various cnidarian species.
PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.
The Polychaeta, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine.
A polyp in zoology is one of two forms found in the phylum Cnidaria, the other being the medusa.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.
The rotifers (Rotifera, commonly called wheel animals) make up a phylum of microscopic and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
The, also known as Setouchi or often shortened to Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan.
Southend-on-Sea, commonly referred to as simply Southend, is a town and wider unitary authority area with borough status in southeastern Essex, England.
The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the center of the chest.
Strobilation or transverse fission is a form of asexual reproduction consisting of the spontaneous transverse segmentation of the body.
Stream substrate (sediment) is the material that rests at the bottom of a stream.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
A tunicate is a marine invertebrate animal, a member of the subphylum Tunicata, which is part of the Chordata, a phylum which includes all animals with dorsal nerve cords and notochords.
Turritopsis dohrnii, the immortal jellyfish, is a species of small, biologically immortal jellyfish found in the Mediterranean Sea and in the waters of Japan.
Zooplankton are heterotrophic (sometimes detritivorous) plankton.
The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.
The 40th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 40 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 70th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 70 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic.