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Australian English

Index Australian English

Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia. [1]

216 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Adhesive bandage, Adhesive tape, Afroasiatic languages, Aluminium, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar stop, American and British English spelling differences, American English, Anglo-Frisian languages, Anthony Burgess, Apartment, Approximant consonant, Association football, Australia, Australian Aboriginal English, Australian Aboriginal languages, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australian Education Union, Australian English, Australian folk music, Australian gold rushes, Australian Kriol language, Australian Labor Party, Australian performance poetry, Australian rules football, Automated teller machine, Baby transport, Babysitting, Biscuit, British and American keyboards, British English, British Isles, Calendar date, Candy, Capsicum, Central business district, Cockney, Colony of New South Wales, Comforter, Comparison of American and British English, Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Consonant, Consonant cluster, Constitution of Australia, Cooee, Cooler, Coriander, Cornwall, Cotton candy, ..., Cucurbita, Culture, Cupcake, Cutlery, De facto, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental consonant, Diminutive, Dingo, Diphthong, Duvet, Early Modern English, East Asia, Eggplant, English language, English-based creole languages, Esky, First Fleet, Flapping, Flashlight, Flip-flops, Football in Australia, Fricative consonant, Friendship, G-string, Garbage truck, Geordie, Germanic languages, Glasgow patter, Glottal consonant, Goose bumps, Grilling, Harry Lindgren, Hiberno-English, Hood (car), Ice pop, IETF language tag, Immigration to Australia, Imperial units, International Organization for Standardization, International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects, Internet Standard, Ireland, Irish language, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 639-1, Kiss, L-vocalization, Labial consonant, Language code, Languages of Asia, Languages of Australia, Lateral consonant, Latin script, Laundry room, Linking and intrusive R, Liquor store, List of English words of Australian Aboriginal origin, Litotes, Macquarie Dictionary, Main Street, Mandarin orange, Metric system, Middle English, Minority group, Mobile phone, Monophthong, Mutual intelligibility, Nasal consonant, Negation, New South Wales, New Zealand English, Nickname, Norfuk language, North American English, North Sea Germanic, OK, Old English, Outback, Overall, Oxford English Dictionary, Palatal consonant, Paper towel, Parking lot, Peer pressure, Peter Miller Cunningham, Petroleum, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonology, Pickup truck, Pidgin, Plastic wrap, Plimsoll shoe, Post box, Potato chip, Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩, Public holiday, Queensland, Quotation mark, Quotation marks in English, Raincoat, Received Pronunciation, Register (sociolinguistics), Rhoticity in English, Rugby league, Rugby union, Sardine, Scallion, Schwa, Scottish English, Scottish Highlands, Scouse, Second language, Sedan (automobile), Semi-trailer, Shepherd's Bush, Sidewalk, Smoko, Social class, Sonorant, South Asia, South Australian English, South East England, Southern Hemisphere, SR1, Station wagon, Stop consonant, Stove, Strine, Sultana (grape), Tasmania, Terraced house, The Age, The Australian National Dictionary, The bush, The Man from Snowy River (poem), Toilet, Toll-free telephone number, Torres Strait Creole, Torres Strait English, Tram, Trap-bath split, Truancy, Truck, Turrbal language, Unified English Braille, University, Ute (vehicle), Vacuum cleaner, Velar consonant, Victor Harbor, South Australia, Victoria (Australia), Vowel length, Waiting staff, Wales, Waltzing Matilda, Waste container, Wellington boot, West Germanic languages, Western Australian English, Wildfire, Windshield, Word usage, World War II, Wormwood Scrubs, Zucchini. Expand index (166 more) »

Accent (sociolinguistics)

In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.

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Adhesive bandage

An adhesive bandage, also called a sticking plaster (or simply plaster) in British English, is a small medical dressing used for injuries not serious enough to require a full-size bandage.

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Adhesive tape

Adhesive tape refers to any one of a variety of combinations of backing materials coated with an adhesive.

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Afroasiatic languages

Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic) or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family of about 300 languages and dialects.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

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Alveolar stop

In phonetics and phonology, an alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, made with the tongue in contact with the alveolar ridge located just behind the teeth (hence alveolar), held tightly enough to block the passage of air (hence a stop consonant).

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American and British English spelling differences

Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.

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American English

American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.

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Anglo-Frisian languages

The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.

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Anthony Burgess

John Anthony Burgess Wilson, (25 February 1917 – 22 November 1993), who published under the name Anthony Burgess, was an English writer and composer.

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An apartment (American English), flat (British English) or unit (Australian English) is a self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that occupies only part of a building, generally on a single storey.

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Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Australian Aboriginal English

Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) refers to a dialect of Australian English used by a large section of the Indigenous Australian population.

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Australian Aboriginal languages

The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.

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Australian Broadcasting Corporation

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.

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Australian Education Union

The Australian Education Union (AEU) is an Australian trade union, founded in 1984 as the Australian Teachers Union, which is registered with Fair Work Australia as an employee group, and is affiliated with the Australian Council of Trade Unions.

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Australian English

Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.

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Australian folk music

Australian folk music is a term which may be applied to traditional music from the large variety of immigrant cultures and those of the original Australian inhabitants.

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Australian gold rushes

During the Australian gold rushes, significant numbers of workers (both from other areas within Australia and from overseas) relocated to areas in which gold had been discovered.

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Australian Kriol language

Kriol is an English-based creole language that developed from a pidgin used initially in the region of Sydney and Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia in the early days of European colonisation. Later, it moved west and north. The pidgin died out in most parts of the country, except in the Northern Territory, where the contact between European settlers, Chinese and other Asians and the Indigenous Australians in the northern regions has maintained a vibrant use of the language, spoken by about 30,000 people. Despite its similarities to English in vocabulary, it has a distinct syntactic structure and grammar and is a language in its own right.

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Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.

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Australian performance poetry

Australian performance poetry is not a recent phenomenon in English-speaking Australia.

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Australian rules football

Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.

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Automated teller machine

An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.

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Baby transport

Various methods of transporting children have been used in different cultures and times.

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Babysitting is temporarily caring for a child.

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Biscuit is a term used for a variety of primarily flour-based baked food products.

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British and American keyboards

There are two major English language computer keyboard layouts, the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout defined in BS 4822 (48-key version).

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British English

British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.

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British Isles

The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.

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Calendar date

A calendar date is a reference to a particular day represented within a calendar system.

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Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.

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Capsicum (also known as peppers) is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae.

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Central business district

A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.

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The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.

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Colony of New South Wales

The colony of New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1901, when it became a State in the federal Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901.

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A comforter (in American English), also known as a doona in Australian English, a cloonie in parts of Canada, or a continental quilt (or simply quilt) or duvet in British English, is a type of bedding made of two lengths of fabric or covering sewn together and filled with insulative materials for warmth, traditionally down or feathers, wool or cotton batting, silk, or polyester and other down alternative fibers.

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Comparison of American and British English

The English language was first introduced to the Americas by British colonization, beginning in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.

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Concise Oxford English Dictionary

Henry Watson Fowler The Concise Oxford English Dictionary (officially titled The Concise Oxford Dictionary until 2002, and widely abbreviated COD or COED) is probably the best-known of the 'smaller' Oxford dictionaries.

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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

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Consonant cluster

In linguistics, a consonant cluster, consonant sequence or consonant compound is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.

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Constitution of Australia

The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.

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Cooee! is a shout used in Australia, usually in the bush, to attract attention, find missing people, or indicate one's own location.

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A cooler, portable ice chest, ice box, cool box, chilly bin (in New Zealand), or esky (Australia) is an insulated box used to keep food or drink cool.

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Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.

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Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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Cotton candy

Cotton candy (also known as fairy floss in Australia and candy floss in South Africa, the UK, New Zealand and Ireland) is a form of spun sugar.

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Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.

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Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.

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A cupcake (also British English: fairy cake; Hiberno-English: bun; Australian English: fairy cake or patty cake) is a small cake designed to serve one person, which may be baked in a small thin paper or aluminum cup.

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Cutlery includes any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in Western culture.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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Dental and alveolar flaps

The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

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Dental consonant

A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.

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A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment.

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The dingo (Canis familiaris or Canis familiaris dingo or Canis lupus dingo or Canis dingo) is a type of feral dog native to Australia.

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A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.

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A duvet is a type of bedding consisting of a soft flat bag filled with down, feathers, wool, silk or a synthetic alternative, and typically protected with a removable cover, analogous to a pillow and pillow case.

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Early Modern English

Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

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East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English-based creole languages

An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language, for which English is the lexifier.

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Esky is an Australian brand of portable coolers.

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First Fleet

The First Fleet was the 11 ships that departed from Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia.

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Flapping or tapping, also known as alveolar flapping, intervocalic flapping, or t-voicing, is a phonological process found in many dialects of English, especially North American English, Australian English and New Zealand English, by which the consonants and sometimes also may be pronounced as a voiced flap in certain positions, particularly between vowels (intervocalic position).

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A flashlight (more often called a torch outside North America) is a portable hand-held electric light.

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Flip-flops are a type of sandal, typically worn as a form of casual wear.

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Football in Australia

Football in Australia refers to football codes played in the country including Australian rules football, rugby league, rugby union, association football, American football and Gaelic football.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people.

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A G-string is a type of thong, a narrow piece of fabric, leather, or satin that covers or holds the genitals, passes between the buttocks, and is attached to a waistband around the hips.

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Garbage truck

Garbage truck or dustcart refers to a truck specially designed to collect municipal solid waste and haul the collected waste to a solid waste treatment facility such as a landfill.

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Geordie is a nickname for a person from the Tyneside area of North East England, and the dialect spoken by its inhabitants.

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Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.

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Glasgow patter

The Glasgow patter, or Glaswegian, is a Scots dialect spoken in and around Glasgow, Scotland.

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Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

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Goose bumps

Goose bumps are the bumps on a person's skin at the base of body hairs which may involuntarily develop when a person is cold or experiences strong emotions such as fear, euphoria or sexual arousal.

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Grilling is a form of cooking that involves dry heat applied to the surface of food, commonly from above or below.

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Harry Lindgren

Harry Lindgren (1912–1992) was a British/Australian engineer, linguist and amateur mathematician.

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Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).

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Hood (car)

The hood (North American English) or bonnet (Commonwealth English excluding Canada) is the hinged cover over the engine of motor vehicles that allows access to the engine compartment (or trunk on rear-engine and some mid-engine vehicles) for maintenance and repair.

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Ice pop

An ice pop is a water-based frozen snack.

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IETF language tag

An IETF language tag is an abbreviated language code (for example, en for English, pt-BR for Brazilian Portuguese, or nan-Hant-TW for Min Nan Chinese as spoken in Taiwan using traditional Han characters) defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in the BCP 47 document series, which is currently composed of normative RFC 5646 (referencing the related RFC 5645) and RFC 4647, along with the normative content of the IANA Language Subtag Registry.

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Immigration to Australia

Immigration to Australia began when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Maritime Southeast Asia and New Guinea.

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Imperial units

The system of imperial units or the imperial system (also known as British Imperial or Exchequer Standards of 1825) is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, which was later refined and reduced.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects

This concise chart shows the most common applications of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent English language pronunciations.

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Internet Standard

In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Irish language

The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

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ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.

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ISO 639-1

ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.

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A kiss is the touch or pressing of one's lips against another person or an object.

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L-vocalization, in linguistics, is a process by which a lateral approximant sound such as, or, more often, velarized, is replaced by a vowel or a semivowel.

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Labial consonant

Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.

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Language code

A language code is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages.

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Languages of Asia

There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising different language families and some unrelated isolates.

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Languages of Australia

Although Australia has no official languages, English has been entrenched as the de facto national language since European settlement.

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Lateral consonant

A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.

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Latin script

Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.

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Laundry room

A laundry room (also called a utility room) is a room where clothes are washed and dried.

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Linking and intrusive R

Linking R and intrusive R are sandhi or linking phenomena involving the appearance of the rhotic consonant (which normally corresponds to the letter) between two consecutive morphemes where it would not normally be pronounced.

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Liquor store

A liquor store is a retail shop that predominantly sells prepackaged alcoholic beverages — typically in bottles — intended to be consumed off the store's premises.

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List of English words of Australian Aboriginal origin

These words of Australian Aboriginal origin include some that are used frequently within Australian-English, such as kangaroo and boomerang.

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In rhetoric, litotes is a figure of speech that uses understatement to emphasize a point by stating a negative to further affirm a positive, often incorporating double negatives for effect.

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Macquarie Dictionary

The Macquarie Dictionary is a dictionary of Australian English.

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Main Street

Main Street is a generic phrase used to denote a primary retail street of a village, town or small city in many parts of the world.

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Mandarin orange

The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata;; 桔, jyutping: gat1), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.

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Metric system

The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement.

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Middle English

Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.

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Minority group

A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold on to major positions of social power in a society.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.

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A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation.

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Mutual intelligibility

In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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In logic, negation, also called the logical complement, is an operation that takes a proposition P to another proposition "not P", written \neg P (¬P), which is interpreted intuitively as being true when P is false, and false when P is true.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New Zealand English

New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.

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A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.

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Norfuk language

Norfuk (increasingly spelt Norfolk) or Norf'k is the language spoken on Norfolk Island (in the Pacific Ocean) by the local residents.

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North American English

North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada.

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North Sea Germanic

North Sea Germanic, also known as Ingvaeonic, is a postulated grouping of the northern West Germanic languages, consisting of Old Frisian, Old English and Old Saxon and their descendants.

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"OK" (spelling variations include "okay", "O.K.", "ok") is an English word denoting approval, acceptance, agreement, assent, acknowledgment, or a sign of indifference.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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The Outback is the vast, remote interior of Australia.

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An overall, also called overalls, bib-and-brace overalls, or dungarees, is a type of garment which is usually used as protective clothing when working.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

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Paper towel

A kitchen roll (or kitchen paper) is an absorbent towel made from tissue paper instead of cloth.

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Parking lot

A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.

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Peer pressure

Peer pressure (or social pressure) is the direct influence on people by peers, or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual.

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Peter Miller Cunningham

Peter Miller Cunningham (1789–1864) was a Scottish naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia.

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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Phonological history of English high front vowels

The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.

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Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.

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Pickup truck

A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.

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A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, its vocabulary and grammar are limited and often drawn from several languages.

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Plastic wrap

Plastic wrap, cling film, shrink wrap, Saran wrap, cling wrap, food wrap, or pliofilm is a thin plastic film typically used for sealing food items in containers to keep them fresh over a longer period of time.

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Plimsoll shoe

A plimsoll shoe, plimsoll, plimsole or pumps (British English; see other names below) is a type of athletic shoe with a canvas upper and rubber sole developed as beachwear in the 1830s by the Liverpool Rubber Company.

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Post box

A post box (British English; also written postbox), also known as a collection box, mailbox, letter box or drop box (American English) is a physical box into which members of the public can deposit outgoing mail intended for collection by the agents of a country's postal service.

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Potato chip

Potato chips or crisps are thin slices of potato that have been deep fried or baked until crunchy.

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Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩

The pronunciation of the wh in English has changed over time, and still varies today between different regions and accents.

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Public holiday

A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

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Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Quotation mark

Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks, inverted commas or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.

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Quotation marks in English

In English writing, quotation marks or inverted commas, also known informally as quotes, speech marks, quote marks, quotemarks or speechmarks, are punctuation marks placed on either side of a word or phrase in order to identify it as a quotation, direct speech or a literal title or name.

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A raincoat or slicker is a waterproof or water-resistant coat worn to protect the body from rain.

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Received Pronunciation

Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.

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Register (sociolinguistics)

In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.

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Rhoticity in English

Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.

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Rugby league

Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.

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Scallions (green onion, spring onion and salad onion) are vegetables of various Allium onion species.

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In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.

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Scottish English

Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.

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Scottish Highlands

The Highlands (the Hielands; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels") are a historic region of Scotland.

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Scouse (also, in academic sources, called Liverpool English or Merseyside English) is an accent and dialect of English found primarily in the Metropolitan county of Merseyside, and closely associated with the city of Liverpool.

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Second language

A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.

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Sedan (automobile)

A sedan (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British, Irish and Indian English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.

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A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle.

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Shepherd's Bush

Shepherd's Bush is a district of west London, England, within the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

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A sidewalk (American English) or pavement (British English), also known as a footpath or footway, is a path along the side of a road.

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"Smoko" (also "smoke-o" or "smoke-oh") is a term used in Australian English, New Zealand English and Falkland Islands English for a short, often informal, cigarette break taken during work or military duty, although the term can also be used to describe any short break such as a rest or a coffee/tea break.

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Social class

A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.

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In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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South Australian English

South Australian English is the variety of English spoken in the Australian state of South Australia.

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South East England

South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.

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Spelling Reform 1 or Spelling Reform step 1 (more commonly known as SR1) is an English spelling reform proposal advocated by British/Australian linguist Harry Lindgren.

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Station wagon

A station wagon, also called an estate car, estate wagon, or simply wagon or estate, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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A stove is an enclosed space in which fuel is burned to heat either the space in which the stove is situated, or items placed on the heated stove itself.

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Strine is a term coined in 1964 and subsequently used to describe a broad accent of Australian English.

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Sultana (grape)

The sultana is a "white" (pale green), oval seedless grape variety also called the sultanina, Thompson Seedless (United States), Lady de Coverly (England), and oval-fruited Kishmish (Iran, Turkey, Israel, Palestine).

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Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.

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Terraced house

In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.

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The Age

The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.

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The Australian National Dictionary

The Australian National Dictionary: Australian Words and Their Origins is a historical dictionary of Australian English, recording 16,000 words, phrases and meanings of Australian origin and use.

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The bush

"The bush" is a term used for rural, undeveloped land or country areas in certain countries.

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The Man from Snowy River (poem)

"The Man from Snowy River" is a poem by Australian bush poet Banjo Paterson.

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A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.

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Toll-free telephone number

A toll-free telephone number or freephone number is a telephone number that is billed for all arriving calls instead of incurring charges to the originating telephone subscriber.

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Torres Strait Creole

Torres Strait Creole (also Torres Strait Pidgin, Yumplatok, Torres Strait Brokan/Broken, Cape York Creole, Lockhart Creole, Papuan Pidgin English, Broken English, Brokan/Broken, Blaikman, Big Thap) is an English-based creole language spoken on several Torres Strait Islands (Queensland, Australia), Northern Cape York and South-Western Coastal Papua.

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Torres Strait English

Torres Strait English (called by its speakers T.I. English) is a dialect of the English language spoken by the people of various backgrounds (indigenous Torres Strait, Malay, Filipino, European, Japanese, etc.) born and raised on Thursday Island and neighbouring islands in Torres Strait, North Queensland, Australia.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Trap-bath split

The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.

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Truancy is any intentional, unjustified, unauthorized, or illegal absence from compulsory education.

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A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.

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Turrbal language

Turrubal (Turubul), also known as Yagara (Jagara / Jagera), is an extinct language of Queensland.

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Unified English Braille

Unified English Braille Code (UEBC, formerly UBC, now usually simply UEB) is an English language Braille code standard, developed to permit representing the wide variety of literary and technical material in use in the English-speaking world today, in uniform fashion.

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A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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Ute (vehicle)

A ute – originally an abbreviation for "utility" or "coupé utility" – is a term used in Australia and New Zealand to describe trayback vehicles, that can be driven with a regular driver's license.

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Vacuum cleaner

A vacuum cleaner, also known as a sweeper or hoover, is a device that uses an air pump (a centrifugal fan in all but some of the very oldest models), to create a partial vacuum to suck up dust and dirt, usually from floors, and from other surfaces such as upholstery and draperies.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Victor Harbor, South Australia

Victor Harbor is a town located within the City of Victor Harbor on the south coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula, about south of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia.

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Victoria (Australia)

Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.

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Vowel length

In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.

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Waiting staff

Waiting staff are those who work at a restaurant or a bar, and sometimes in private homes, attending customers—supplying them with food and drink as requested.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Waltzing Matilda

"Waltzing Matilda" is Australia's best-known bush ballad, and has been described as the country's "unofficial national anthem".

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Waste container

A waste container is a container for temporarily storing waste, and is usually made out of metal or plastic.

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Wellington boot

The Wellington boot is a type of boot based upon leather Hessian boots.

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West Germanic languages

The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).

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Western Australian English

Western Australian English is the English spoken in the Australian state of Western Australia (WA).

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A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.

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The windshield (North America) or windscreen (Commonwealth English) of an aircraft, car, bus, motorbike or tram is the front window.

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Word usage

Word usage is how a word, phrase, or concept is used in a language.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wormwood Scrubs

Wormwood Scrubs, known locally as The Scrubs (or simply Scrubs), is an open space located in the north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in west London.

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The zucchini (American English) or courgette (British English) is a summer squash which can reach nearly in length, but is usually harvested when still immature at about.

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AuE, AusEn, Aussie English, Australian English language, Australian English word use, Australian spelling, Australian usage, Broad Australian, En-AU, Gday, Ocka, Ozzi, Standard Australian English.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_English

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