69 relations: Affricate consonant, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Australian English, Back vowel, Boston accent, California English, Cambridge University Press, Central consonant, Central vowel, Close vowel, Consonant, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Diphthong, English language, Flapping, Fortis and lenis, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, General American, Glottal consonant, Glottal stop, Hearing aid, High rising terminal, History of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Homophony, Interdental consonant, Intervocalic consonant, Labial consonant, Lateral consonant, Macquarie Dictionary, Mid vowel, Monophthong, Nasal consonant, Nasalization, New England English, New Zealand English, New Zealand English phonology, North American English, Open vowel, Palatal consonant, Palatalization (sound change), Phoneme, Pitch (music), Place of articulation, Postalveolar consonant, Pronunciation of English ⟨a⟩, Received Pronunciation, Regional accents of English, ..., Rhoticity in English, Schwa, South African English, South African English phonology, South Australia, Southern Hemisphere, Speech recognition, Stop consonant, Stress and vowel reduction in English, T-glottalization, Th-fronting, Trap-bath split, United States, Variation in Australian English, Velar consonant, Victoria (Australia), Vowel, Vowel length, Vowel shift. Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
The Boston accent is the local accent of Eastern New England English spoken specifically in the city of Boston, its suburbs, and much of eastern Massachusetts.
California English (or Californian English) collectively refers to American English in California, particularly an emerging youthful variety, mostly associated with speakers of urban and coastal California.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
A central consonant, also known as a median consonant, is a consonant sound that is produced when air flows across the center of the mouth over the tongue.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Flapping or tapping, also known as alveolar flapping, intervocalic flapping, or t-voicing, is a phonological process found in many dialects of English, especially North American English, Australian English and New Zealand English, by which the consonants and sometimes also may be pronounced as a voiced flap in certain positions, particularly between vowels (intervocalic position).
In linguistics, fortis and lenis (Latin for "strong" and "weak"), sometimes identified with '''tense''' and '''lax''', are pronunciations of consonants with relatively greater and lesser energy.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
A hearing aid is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss.
The high rising terminal (HRT), also known as upspeak, uptalk, rising inflection, moronic interrogative, or high rising intonation (HRI), is a feature of some variants of English where declarative sentence clauses end with a rising-pitch intonation, until the end of the sentence where a falling-pitch is applied.
The International Phonetic Alphabet was created soon after the International Phonetic Association was established in the late 19th century.
In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.
Interdental consonants are produced by placing the tip of the tongue between the upper and lower front teeth.
In phonetics and phonology, an intervocalic consonant is a consonant that occurs in the middle of a word, between two vowels.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
The Macquarie Dictionary is a dictionary of Australian English.
A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.
A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth.
New England English collectively refers to the various distinct dialects and varieties of American English originating in the New England area.
New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.
This article covers the phonological system of New Zealand English.
North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
In linguistics, palatalization is a sound change that either results in a palatal or palatalized consonant or a front vowel, or is triggered by one of them.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.
There are a variety of pronunciations in modern English and in historical forms of the language for words spelt with the a.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English dialects native to South Africans.
This article covers the phonological system of South African English (SAE).
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Stress is a prominent feature of the English language, both at the level of the word (lexical stress) and at the level of the phrase or sentence (prosodic stress).
In English phonology, t-glottalization or t-glottaling is a sound change in certain English dialects and accents that causes the phoneme to be pronounced as the glottal stop in certain positions.
Th-fronting refers to the pronunciation of the English "th" as "f" or "v".
The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Australian English is relatively homogeneous when compared with British and American English.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.
A vowel shift is a systematic sound change in the pronunciation of the vowel sounds of a language.