118 relations: Acehnese language, Ainu language, Andaman Islands, Aslian languages, Austric languages, Austroasiatic languages, Austronesian languages, Automated Similarity Judgment Program, Bahnaric languages, Bakati’ language, Bangladesh, Bolyu language, Bonda language, Bornean languages, Brunei Bisaya language, Byomkes Chakrabarti, Cambodia, Central India, Chamic languages, Chữ Nôm, China, Creaky voice, Dravidian languages, Dusun language, Dusunic languages, East India, Encyclopædia Britannica, Ethnologue, Gérard Diffloth, Haplogroup O-K18, Harry Leonard Shorto, Hlai languages, Ho language, India, Indigenous language, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Indochina, Infix, Iron Age, Japonic languages, Jiamao language, Juang language, Katuic languages, Kayan–Murik languages, Kenyah languages, Kerinci language, Kharia language, Khasi language, Khasi–Khmuic languages, ..., Khasic languages, Khmer alphabet, Khmer language, Khmu language, Khmuic languages, Khom script, Korku language, Kra–Dai languages, Land Dayak languages, Language contact, Language family, Lao alphabet, Latin, Lepcha language, Lexicostatistics, Lingnan, Mainland Southeast Asia, Malayic languages, Mang language, Mangic languages, Meghalaya, Mekong, Millet, Minor syllable, Modal voice, Mon language, Monic languages, Munda languages, Mundari language, Murmured voice, Myanmar, National language, Neolithic Revolution, Nepal, Nicobar Islands, Nicobarese languages, Northeast India, Nyah Kur language, Ol Chiki script, Old Mon script, Pahawh Hmong, Palaungic languages, Paul Sidwell, Pearic languages, Pearl River (China), Peninsular Malaysia, Proto-Austroasiatic language, Register (phonology), Roger Blench, Santali language, Shompen language, Sino-Tibetan languages, Sora language, Sorang Sompeng alphabet, South Asia, South China, Southeast Asia, Stratum (linguistics), Sumatra, Thai alphabet, Tone (linguistics), Vietic languages, Vietnam, Vietnamese language, Wa language, Wa State, Warang Citi, Yunnan. Expand index (68 more) » « Shrink index
Acehnese language (Achinese) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by Acehnese people natively in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Ainu (Ainu: アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu.
The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east.
The Aslian languages are a family of Austroasiatic languages spoken on the Malay Peninsula.
Austric is a large hypothetical grouping of languages primarily spoken in Southeast Asia and Pacific.
The Austroasiatic languages, formerly known as Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of Mainland Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China, with around 117 million speakers.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP) is a collaborative project applying computational approaches to comparative linguistics using a database of word lists.
The Bahnaric languages are a group of about thirty Austroasiatic languages spoken by about 700,000 people in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.
Bekati’ (Bekatiq, Bakati) is a Dayak language of Borneo.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Bolyu language (autonym:;; also known as Paliu, Palyu, or Lai 俫语, 徕语) is an Austroasiatic language of the Pakanic branch (Sidwell 1995).
The Bonda language, also known as Bondo or Remo, is an indigenous language spoken in Odisha, formerly known as Southern Odisha, in India.
The Bornean languages are a geographic group of Austronesian language families indigenous to the islands of Borneo and Madagascar, with the exclusion of Ibanic (Malayic Dayak) and other Malayic languages.
Bisaya, also known as Southern Bisaya or Brunei Bisaya or Tutong language 1, is a Sabahan language spoken in Brunei and Sarawak, Malaysia.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Central India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of the states of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.
The Chamic languages, also known as Aceh–Chamic and Achinese–Chamic, are a group of ten languages spoken in Aceh (Sumatra, Indonesia) and in parts of Cambodia, Vietnam and Hainan, China.
Chữ Nôm (literally "Southern characters"), in earlier times also called quốc âm or chữ nam, is a logographic writing system formerly used to write the Vietnamese language.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.
The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India, as well as in Sri Lanka with small pockets in southwestern Pakistan, southern Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
Central Dusun, also known as Bunduliwan (Dusun: Boros Dusun), is one of the more widespread languages spoken by the Dusun and Kadazan peoples of Sabah, Malaysia.
The Dusunic languages are a group of languages spoken by the Bisaya, Dusun, Kadazan, Rungus, and related peoples in the Malaysian province of Sabah on Borneo.
East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
Gérard Diffloth (born in Châteauroux, France, 1939) is a retired linguistics professor, formerly of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, and Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Haplogroup O-K18 also known as O-F2320 and (as of 2017) Haplogroup O1b1, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Harry Leonard Shorto (1919–1995) was a British philologist and linguist who specialized on the Mon language and Mon-Khmer studies.
The Hlai languages are a primary branch of the Kra–Dai language family spoken in the mountains of central and south-central Hainan in China, not to be confused with the colloquial name for the Leizhou branch of Min Chinese.
Ho (𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣜, IPA: /hoː ʤʌgʌr/) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken primarily in India by about 1.04 million people (0.103% of India's population) per the 2001 census.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An indigenous language or autochthonous language is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people, often reduced to the status of a minority language.
The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million-hectare (630 million-acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia.
An infix is an affix inserted inside a word stem (an existing word).
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
The Japonic or Japanese-Ryukyuan language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands.
Jiamao (加茂, Kamau; also Tai 台 or Sai 塞) is a divergent Hlai language spoken in southern Hainan, China.
The Juang language is a language spoken primarily by the Juang people of Odisha state, eastern India.
The fifteen Katuic languages form a branch of the Austroasiatic languages spoken by about 1.3 million people in Southeast Asia.
The Kayan or Kayan–Murik languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken in Borneo by the Kayan, Punan, and related peoples.
The Kenyah languages are a group of half a dozen or so closely related languages spoken by the Kenyah peoples of Borneo.
Kerinci (Karinchi or Kincai) is a Malayan language spoken in Jambi Province, Sumatra especially in Kerinci Regency and Sungai Penuh city.
The Kharia language (autonym: kʰaɽija or kʰeɽija) is a Munda language that is primarily spoken by the indigenous Kharia people of eastern India.
Khasi (Khasi: Ka Ktien Khasi) is an Austroasiatic language spoken primarily in Meghalaya state in India by the Khasi people.
The Khasi–Khmuic languages are a primary branch of the Austroasiatic language family of Southeast Asia in the classification of Diffloth (2005).
The Khasic or Khasian languages are a family of Austroasiatic languages spoken in the northeastern Indian state Meghalaya and neighbouring areas of Bangladesh.
The Khmer alphabet or Khmer script (អក្សរខ្មែរ) Huffman, Franklin.
Khmer or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ phiəsaa khmae, or more formally ខេមរភាសា kheemaʾraʾ phiəsaa) is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia.
Khmu is the language of the Khmu people of the northern Laos region.
The Khmuic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic languages spoken mostly in northern Laos, as well as in neighboring northern Vietnam and southern Yunnan, China.
There are two scripts in Southeast Asia called Khom script.
Korku is an Austroasiatic language spoken by the Korku tribe of central India, in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
The Kra–Dai languages (also known as Tai–Kadai, Daic and Kadai) are a language family of tonal languages found in southern China, Northeast India and Southeast Asia.
The Land Dayak languages are a group of dozen or so languages spoken by the Bidayuh Land Dayaks of Borneo, with a single language in Sumatra.
Language contact occurs when speakers of two or more languages or varieties interact and influence each other.
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
Lao script or Akson Lao (Lao: ອັກສອນລາວ) is the primary script used to write the Lao language and other minority languages in Laos.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lepcha language, or Róng language (Lepcha: ᰛᰩᰵ་ᰛᰵᰧᰶ; Róng ríng), is a Himalayish language spoken by the Lepcha people in Sikkim and parts of West Bengal, Nepal and Bhutan.
Lexicostatistics is a method of comparative linguistics that involves comparing the percentage of lexical cognates between languages to determine their relationship.
Lingnan is a geographic area referring to the lands in the south of the Nanling Mountains.
Mainland Southeast Asia, also known as the Indochinese Peninsula and previously as Indochina, is the continental portion of Southeast Asia east of India and south of China that is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east.
The Malayic languages are a branch of the Austronesian family.
Mang (Chinese 莽语; autonym) is an Austroasiatic language of Vietnam, China, and Laos.
The Mangic languages, which include the Pakanic languages, constitute a branch of Austroasiatic languages.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
The Mekong is a trans-boundary river in Southeast Asia.
Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.
Minor syllable is a term used primarily in the description of Mon-Khmer languages, where a word typically consists of a reduced (minor) syllable followed by a full tonic or stressed syllable.
Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.
The Mon language (ဘာသာ မန်; မွန်ဘာသာ) is an Austroasiatic language spoken by the Mon people, who live in Myanmar and Thailand.
The Monic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family descended from the Old Monic language of the kingdom of Dvaravati in what is now central Thailand.
The Munda languages are a language family spoken by about nine million people in central and eastern India and Bangladesh.
Mundari (Muɳɖa) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken by the Munda people in eastern India (primarily Assam and Jharkhand), Bangladesh, and Nepal.
Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
The Neolithic Revolution, Neolithic Demographic Transition, Agricultural Revolution, or First Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly larger population possible.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Nicobar Islands are an archipelagic island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean.
The Nicobarese languages, or Nicobaric languages, form an isolated group of about half a dozen closely related Austroasiatic languages, spoken by the majority of the inhabitants of the Nicobar Islands of India.
Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.
The Nyah Kur language is an Austroasiatic language spoken by a remnant of the Mon people of Dvaravati, the Nyah Kur people, who live in present-day Thailand.
The Ol Chiki (ᱚᱞ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ) script, also known as Ol Cemetʼ (Santali: ol 'writing', cemet 'learning'), Ol Ciki, Ol, and sometimes as the Santali alphabet, is the official writing system for Santali, an Austroasiatic-Munda language recognized as an official regional language in India.
The Old Mon script was a script used to write Mon, and may also be the source script of the Burmese alphabet.
Pahawh Hmong (RPA: Phajhauj Hmoob, known also as Ntawv Pahawh, Ntawv Keeb, Ntawv Caub Fab, Ntawv Soob Lwj) is an indigenous semi-syllabic script, invented in 1959 by Shong Lue Yang, to write two Hmong languages, Hmong Daw (Hmoob Dawb White Miao) and Hmong Njua AKA Hmong Leng (Moob Leeg Green Miao).
The nearly thirty Palaungic or Palaung–Wa languages form a branch of the Austroasiatic languages.
Paul James Sidwell is an Australian linguist based in Canberra, Australia who has held research and lecturing positions at the Australian National University.
The Pearic languages are a group of endangered languages of the Eastern Mon–Khmer branch of the Austroasiatic language family, spoken by Pear people (the Por, the Samré, the Samray, the Suoy, and the Chong) living in western Cambodia and southeastern Thailand.
The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese name Zhujiang and formerly often known as the, is an extensive river system in southern China.
Peninsular Malaysia also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands.
The Proto-Austroasiatic language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Austroasiatic languages.
In phonology, a register, or pitch register, is a prosodic feature of syllables in certain languages in which tone, vowel phonation, glottalization or similar features depend upon one another.
Roger Marsh Blench (born 1953) is a British linguist, ethnomusicologist and development anthropologist.
Santali (Ol Chiki:; Eastern Nagari: সাঁওতালি) is a language in the Munda subfamily of Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
Shompen (Shom Peng) is a language, or languages, spoken on Great Nicobar Island in the Indian union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean south of Burma.
The Sino-Tibetan languages, in a few sources also known as Trans-Himalayan, are a family of more than 400 languages spoken in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia.
Sora is an Austroasiatic language of the Sora people, an ethnic group of eastern India, mainly in the states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
Sorang Sompeng script is used to write in Sora, a Munda language with 300,000 speakers in India.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South China or Southern China is a geographical and cultural region that covers the southernmost part of China.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Thai alphabet (อักษรไทย) is used to write the Thai, Southern Thai and other languages in Thailand.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
The Vietic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
Wa (Va) is the language of the Wa people of Burma and China.
Wa State (Wa: Mēng Vax or Meung Va;; Burmese: ဝပြည်နယ်) is an unrecognised state in Myanmar (Burma) that is currently subsumed under the official Wa Special Region 2 of northern Shan State.
Warang Citi (also written Varang Kshiti;, IPA: /wɐrɐŋ ʧɪt̪ɪ/) is an abugida invented by Lako Bodra, used in primary and adult education and in various publications.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Austro-Asiatic, Austro-Asiatic Languages, Austro-Asiatic family, Austro-Asiatic language, Austro-Asiatic languages, AustroAsiaticLanguages, Austroasian, Austroasiatic, Austroasiatic Languages, Austroasiatic family, Austroasiatic language, Austroasiatic language family, ISO 639:aav, ISO 639:mkh, Khasi-Khmuic, Mon Khmer, Mon-Khmer, Mon-Khmer Languages, Mon-Khmer language, Mon-Khmer languages, Mon–Khmer, Mon–Khmer language, Mon–Khmer languages, Nuclear Mon-Khmer, Nuclear Mon-Khmer languages, Nuclear Mon–Khmer, Nuclear Mon–Khmer languages.