98 relations: Ambient occlusion, Arion (software), Arnold (software), AutoCAD, Autodesk, Autodesk Maya, Autodesk Media and Entertainment, Autodesk Mudbox, Autodesk Vault, AutoShade, Avatar (2009 film), Bevel, Blender (software), Box, Brazil R/S, Cinema 4D, Comparison of 3D computer graphics software, Computer animation, Concept art, Cone, Copy protection, Cuboid, CUDA, Cylinder, Dongle, Dynamic simulation, Electric Image Animation System, Element 3D, Extrusion, For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, Gary Yost, Global illumination, Glossary of computer graphics, IA-32, Indigo Renderer, Inverse kinematics, LightWave 3D, LuxRender, Maxwell Render, Mental Ray, Metaballs, Microsoft Windows, Modo (software), MS-DOS, Non-uniform rational B-spline, Normal mapping, NURMS, Octane Render, Particle system, Pixar, ..., Plane (geometry), Plug-in (computing), Polyhedron, Prism, Pyramid, Radiosity (computer graphics), Ray tracing (graphics), RenderMan Interface Specification, Scanline rendering, Scripting language, Secondary education, Shader, Shareware, Skeletal animation, Software as a service, Sphere, Spindle (textiles), Subsurface scattering, Tertiary education, Tiled rendering, Torus, Torus knot, Unbiased rendering, User interface, Utah teapot, V-Ray, Verge3D, Vertex painting, Video game, Video game developer, Walk cycle, Windows 10, Windows 2000, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT 3.51, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Vista, Windows XP, X86, X86-64, .3ds, 2012 (film), 3D computer graphics. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
In computer graphics, ambient occlusion is a shading and rendering technique used to calculate how exposed each point in a scene is to ambient lighting.
Arion is a physically based, unbiased render engine developed by RandomControl.
Arnold is an unbiased, physically based, ray tracing 3D rendering application created by the company Solid Angle.
AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting software application.
Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational software corporation that makes software for the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media, and entertainment industries.
Autodesk Maya, commonly shortened to Maya, is a 3D computer graphics application that runs on Windows, macOS and Linux, originally developed by Alias Systems Corporation (formerly Alias|Wavefront) and currently owned and developed by Autodesk, Inc. It is used to create interactive 3D applications, including video games, animated film, TV series, or visual effects.
Autodesk Media and Entertainment, including the former company Discreet Logic, is based in Montreal, Quebec as the entertainment division of Autodesk.
Mudbox is a proprietary computer-based 3D sculpting and painting tool.
Autodesk Vault is a data management tool integrated with Autodesk Inventor Series, Autodesk Inventor Professional, AutoCAD Mechanical, AutoCAD Electrical, Autodesk Revit and Civil 3D products.
AutoShade was an early 3D rendering package for use with AutoCAD.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
A bevelled edge (UK) or beveled edge (US) refers to an edge of a structure that is not perpendicular to the faces of the piece.
Blender is a professional, free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models, interactive 3D applications and video games.
Box (plural: boxes) describes a variety of containers and receptacles for permanent use as storage, or for temporary use, often for transporting contents.
Brazil Rendering System was a proprietary commercial plugin for 3D Studio Max, Autodesk VIZ and Rhinoceros 3D.
CINEMA 4D is a 3D modeling, animation, motion graphic and rendering application developed by MAXON Computer GmbH in Germany.
3D computer graphics software refers to programs used to create 3D computer-generated imagery.
Computer animation is the process used for generating animated images.
Concept art is a form of illustration used to convey an idea for use in films, video games, animation, comic books, or other media before it is put into the final product.
A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or vertex.
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
In geometry, a cuboid is a convex polyhedron bounded by six quadrilateral faces, whose polyhedral graph is the same as that of a cube.
CUDA is a parallel computing platform and application programming interface (API) model created by Nvidia.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
A dongle is a small piece of hardware that connects to another device to provide it with additional functionality.
Dynamic simulation (or dynamic system simulation) is the use of a computer program to model the time varying behavior of a system.
The Electric Image Animation System (EIAS) is a 3D computer graphics package published by EIAS3D.
Element 3D is a third-party After Effects plugin developed by Video Copilot.
Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.
For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) is an international youth organization that operates the FIRST Robotics Competition, FIRST LEGO League, FIRST LEGO League Jr., and FIRST Tech Challenge competitions.
Gary Yost (born April 5, 1959) is an American filmmaker and software designer, best known for leading the team that created Autodesk 3ds Max.
Global illumination (shortened as GI), or indirect illumination, is a general name for a group of algorithms used in 3D computer graphics that are meant to add more realistic lighting to 3D scenes.
This is a glossary of terms relating computer graphics.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
Indigo Renderer is a 3D rendering software that uses unbiased rendering technologies to create photo-realistic images.
Inverse kinematics is the mathematical process of recovering the movements of an object in the world from some other data, such as a film of those movements, or a film of the world as seen by a camera which is itself making those movements.
LightWave 3D is a 3D computer graphics software developed by NewTek.
LuxRender was a free and open source software rendering system for physically correct image synthesis.
Maxwell Render is an unbiased 3D render engine, developed by Next Limit Technologies in Madrid, Spain.
Mental Ray (stylized as mental ray) is a production-quality rendering application developed by Mental Images (Berlin, Germany).
Metaballs are, in computer graphics, organic-looking n-dimensional objects.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Modo (stylized as MODO, originally modo) is a polygon and subdivision surface modeling, sculpting, 3D painting, animation and rendering package developed by Luxology, LLC, which is now merged with and known as Foundry.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
Non-uniform rational basis spline (NURBS) is a mathematical model commonly used in computer graphics for generating and representing curves and surfaces.
In 3D computer graphics, normal mapping, or Dot3 bump mapping, is a technique used for faking the lighting of bumps and dents – an implementation of bump mapping.
In computer graphics, non-uniform rational mesh smooth (NURMS) or subdivision surface technique is typically applied to a low-polygonal mesh to create a high-polygonal smoothed mesh.
Octane Render is a real-time 3D unbiased rendering application that was started by the New Zealand-based company Refractive Software, Ltd and OTOY took over in March 2012.
A particle system is a technique in game physics, motion graphics, and computer graphics that uses a large number of very small sprites, 3D models, or other graphic objects to simulate certain kinds of "fuzzy" phenomena, which are otherwise very hard to reproduce with conventional rendering techniques - usually highly chaotic systems, natural phenomena, or processes caused by chemical reactions.
Pixar Animation Studios, commonly referred to as Pixar, is an American computer animation movie studio based in Emeryville, California that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.
In mathematics, a plane is a flat, two-dimensional surface that extends infinitely far.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
In geometry, a polyhedron (plural polyhedra or polyhedrons) is a solid in three dimensions with flat polygonal faces, straight edges and sharp corners or vertices.
In optics, a prism is a transparent optical element with flat, polished surfaces that refract light.
A pyramid (from πυραμίς) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense.
In 3D computer graphics, radiosity is an application of the finite element method to solving the rendering equation for scenes with surfaces that reflect light diffusely.
In computer graphics, ray tracing is a rendering technique for generating an image by tracing the path of light as pixels in an image plane and simulating the effects of its encounters with virtual objects.
The RenderMan Interface Specification, or RISpec in short, is an open API developed by Pixar Animation Studios to describe three-dimensional scenes and turn them into digital photorealistic images.
Scanline rendering (also scan line rendering and scan-line rendering) is an algorithm for visible surface determination, in 3D computer graphics, that works on a row-by-row basis rather than a polygon-by-polygon or pixel-by-pixel basis.
A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.
In computer graphics, a shader is a type of computer program that was originally used for shading (the production of appropriate levels of light, darkness, and color within an image) but which now performs a variety of specialized functions in various fields of computer graphics special effects or does video post-processing unrelated to shading, or even functions unrelated to graphics at all.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
Skeletal animation is a technique in computer animation in which a character (or other articulated object) is represented in two parts: a surface representation used to draw the character (called skin or mesh) and a hierarchical set of interconnected bones (called the skeleton or rig) used to animate (pose and keyframe) the mesh.
Software as a service (SaaS) is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
A spindle is a straight spike usually made from wood used for spinning, twisting fibers such as wool, flax, hemp, cotton into yarn.
Subsurface scattering (or SSS), also known as subsurface light transport (SSLT), is a mechanism of light transport in which light penetrates the surface of a translucent object, is scattered by interacting with the material, and exits the surface at a different point.
Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.
Tiled rendering is the process of subdividing a computer graphics image by a regular grid in optical space and rendering each section of the grid, or tile, separately.
In geometry, a torus (plural tori) is a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the circle.
In knot theory, a torus knot is a special kind of knot that lies on the surface of an unknotted torus in R3.
In computer graphics, unbiased rendering refers to a rendering technique that does not introduce any systematic error, or bias, into the radiance approximation.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
The Utah teapot, or the Newell teapot, is a 3D test model that has become a standard reference object and an in-joke within the computer graphics community.
V-Ray is a computer-generated imagery rendering software application developed by the Bulgarian company Chaos Group (Bulgarian: Хаос Груп), that was established in Sofia in 1997.
Verge3D is a real-time renderer and a toolkit used for creating interactive 3D experiences running on websites.
in 3D computer graphics software, vertex painting refers to interactive editing tools for modifying vertex attributes directly on a 3D polygon mesh, using painting tools similar to any digital painting application but working in a 3D viewport on a perspective view of a rotated model.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games.
In animation, a walk cycle is a series of frames or illustrations drawn in sequence that loop to create an animation of a walking character.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 8.1 (codenamed Blue) is a computer operating system released by Microsoft.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows NT 3.51 is the third release of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems.
Windows NT 4.0 is an operating system that is part of Microsoft's Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
3DS is one of the file formats used by the Autodesk 3ds Max 3D modeling, animation and rendering software.
2012 is a 2009 American epic science fiction disaster film directed by Roland Emmerich and starring John Cusack, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Amanda Peet, Oliver Platt, Thandie Newton, Danny Glover and Woody Harrelson.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
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