237 relations: Acura, Adapted automobile, Aisin Seiki, Allison Transmission, AMC and Jeep transmissions, American Motors Corporation, Audi TT, Australia, Austria, Automatic transmission fluid, Belgium, Belize, Belt (mechanical), Bentley, Bistability, BMW, BMW 7 Series (E65), BorgWarner, Boston, Botswana, Brake, Buick, Cadillac, CAN bus, Car, Car controls, Centrifugal governor, Chevrolet, China, Chrysler, Chrysler PowerFlite transmission, Clutch, Continuously variable transmission, Croatia, Cruise-O-Matic, Cummins, Denmark, Differential (mechanical device), Direct-shift gearbox, Dodge Journey, Dodge Magnum, Dominican Republic, Drag racing, Driver's license, Drivetrain Systems International, Driving test, Dual-clutch transmission, Dynaflow, Electric car, Electrohydraulic manual transmission, ..., Engine braking, Engine control unit, Epicyclic gearing, Estonia, Europe, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Finland, Fluid coupling, Fluid Drive, Ford AOD transmission, Ford ATX transmission, Ford AXOD transmission, Ford C4 transmission, Ford C6 transmission, Ford CD4E transmission, Ford Model T, Ford Motor Company, Forklift, France, Friction, Gear train, General Motors, Germany, GM 4L60-E transmission, GM 4L80-E transmission, Hele-Shaw clutch, Henry Ford, Honda, Hondamatic, Hong Kong, Horseless carriage, HowStuffWorks, Hudson Motor Car Company, Hungary, Hy-Drive, Hydramatic, Hydraulic machinery, Hydraulics, Hydrostatics, Hyundai Motor Company, Impeller, India, Indonesia, Infiniti, Internal combustion engine, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Jeep Cherokee (KL), Jerk (physics), Kaiser Motors, Kia Cadenza, Kia Forte, Kia Motors, Kia Optima, Kia Quoris, Latvia, Lawn mower, Lebanon, Lepelletier gear mechanism, Lexus, Lexus LS, Lincoln Motor Company, List of Aisin transmissions, List of Chrysler transmissions, List of Daimler AG transmissions, List of Ford transmissions, List of GM transmissions, List of Honda transmissions, List of Hyundai transmissions, List of Jatco transmissions, List of ZF transmissions, Lithuania, Macau, Malaysia, Manual transmission, Manumatic, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mazda CX-7, Mazda3, Mazda6, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz 7G-Tronic transmission, Mercedes-Benz 9G-Tronic transmission, Metallurgy, Mini, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Motor vehicle, Multimode manual transmission, Multitronic, Nash Motors, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nissan Leaf, North America, Norway, Oil pump (internal combustion engine), Oldsmobile, Overdrive (mechanics), Park by wire, Parking brake, Parking pawl, Peugeot 206, Philippines, Poland, Pontiac, Pontiac G6, Porsche, Portugal, Powerglide, Pulley, Qatar, Ram Pickup, Ravigneaux planetary gearset, Redline, Regenerative brake, REO Motor Car Company, Revolutions per minute, Roller chain, Rolls-Royce Limited, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Semi-automatic transmission, Servomechanism, Servomotor, Shift by wire, Simpson planetary gearset, Singapore, Slovenia, Snow, Solenoid, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sports car, Sprag clutch, Stall (engine), Stator, Studebaker, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, The Wall Street Journal, Throttle, Torque, Torque converter, TorqueFlite, Toyota, Toyota Camry, Toyota Corolla, Toyota Fortuner, Toyota Innova, Toyota Previa, Toyota Prius, Trade name, Transbrake, Transmission (mechanics), Transmission control unit, Trinidad and Tobago, Turbine, Turbo-Hydramatic, Turbo-Hydramatic 180, Turboglide, Ultramatic, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Variable displacement pump, Variable force solenoid, Vietnam, Voith, Voith Turbo-Transmissions, Volkswagen 01M transmission, Volkswagen Group, Volvo, Whale oil, Wheel, Wheelspin, Wide open throttle, Wilson-Pilcher, World War I, World War II, ZF 6HP transmission, ZF 8HP transmission, ZF 9HP transmission, ZF Friedrichshafen. Expand index (187 more) » « Shrink index
Acura is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.
An adapted automobile is an automobile adapted for ease of use by disabled people.
, also known as Aisin, is a Japanese corporation which develops and produces components and systems for the automotive industry.
Allison Transmission is an American manufacturer of commercial duty automatic transmissions and hybrid propulsion systems.
Vehicles made by American Motors Corporation (AMC) and Jeep incorporated a variety of transmissions and transfer case systems.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
The Audi TT is a 2-door compact sports car marketed by Volkswagen Group subsidiary Audi since 1998.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Automatic transmission fluid (ATF), also known as transmission fluid or tranny fluid for short, is the fluid used in vehicles with self-shifting or automatic transmissions.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
A belt is a loop of flexible material used to link two or more rotating shafts mechanically, most often parallel.
Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs—and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1998.
In a dynamical system, bistability means the system has two stable equilibrium states.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW E65 is the fourth generation of the BMW 7 Series range of full-size luxury sedans, and was produced from 2001 to 2008.
BorgWarner Inc. is an American worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
A brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.
Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
A Controller Area Network (CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Car controls are the components in automobiles and other powered road vehicles, such as trucks and buses, used for driving and parking.
A centrifugal governor is a specific type of governor with a feedback system that controls the speed of an engine by regulating the amount of fuel (or working fluid) admitted, so as to maintain a near-constant speed, irrespective of the load or fuel-supply conditions.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
PowerFlite is a two-speed automatic transmission engineered and produced by the Chrysler Corporation and used in their passenger cars from 1954 to 1961.
A clutch is a mechanical device which engages and disengages power transmission especially from driving shaft to driven shaft.
A continuously variable transmission (CVT), also known as a single-speed transmission, stepless transmission, pulley transmission, or, in case of motorcycles, a twist-and-go, is an automatic transmission that can change seamlessly through a continuous range of effective gear ratios.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Ford-O-Matic was the first automatic transmission widely used by Ford Motor Company.
Cummins Inc. is an American Fortune 500 corporation that designs, manufactures, and distributes engines, filtration, and power generation products.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
A differential is a gear train with three shafts that has the property that the rotational speed of one shaft is the average of the speeds of the others, or a fixed multiple of that average.
A direct-shift gearbox (Direkt-Schalt-Getriebe), commonly abbreviated to DSG, is an electronically controlled dual-clutch multiple-shaft manual gearbox in a transaxle design, without a conventional clutch pedal and with fully automatic or semi-manual control.
The Dodge Journey is a mid-size crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by FCA US LLC's Dodge brand since model year 2009, with a mild facelift for 2011 model-year.
The Dodge Magnum is a nameplate used by several Dodge vehicles, prominently as a large coupe marketed from 1978 to 1979 in the United States as well as a rear-wheel drive station wagon introduced in 2004 for the 2005 model year and produced until the end of the 2008 model year and assembled at Brampton Assembly Plant, near Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
For the drag queen reality competition program, see RuPaul's Drag Race. Drag racing is a type of motor racing in which automobiles or motorcycles (usually specially prepared for the purpose) compete, usually two at a time, to be first to cross a set finish line.
A driver's license is an official document permitting a specific individual to operate one or more types of motorized vehicles, such as a motorcycle, car, truck, or bus on a public road.
Drivetrain System International (abbreviated as DSI), and previously operating as BorgWarner Australia, BTR, and ION was an Australian drivetrain constructor based in Springvale, Victoria with manufacturing facilities in Albury, New South Wales.
A driving test (also known as a driving exam, driver's test, or road test) is a procedure designed to test a person's ability to drive a motor vehicle.
A dual-clutch transmission (DCT) (sometimes referred to as a twin-clutch transmission or double-clutch transmission) is a type of automatic transmission or automated automotive transmission.
Dynaflow was the trademarked name for a type of automatic transmission developed and built by General Motors Buick Motor Division from late 1947 to mid-1963.
An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.
Electrohydraulic manual transmission is a type of semi-automatic transmission system, which uses an automated clutch unlike conventional manual transmissions where the driver operates the clutch.
Engine braking occurs when the retarding forces within an engine are used to slow a vehicle down, as opposed to using additional external braking mechanisms such as friction brakes or magnetic brakes.
An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance.
An epicyclic gear train (also known as planetary gear) consists of two gears mounted so that the center of one gear revolves around the center of the other.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin (8 July 1838 – 8 March 1917) was a German general and later aircraft manufacturer, who founded the Zeppelin airship company.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
A fluid coupling or hydraulic coupling is a hydrodynamic device used to transmit rotating mechanical power.
Fluid Drive is the trademarked name that Chrysler Corporation assigned to a transmission driveline combination which replaced the flywheel with a hydraulic coupling and performed the same function as a modern torque converter, only without torque multiplication.
The AOD (automatic overdrive) is a four-speed automatic transmission with overdrive.
The FLC-"Fluid Link Converter"- ATX was a 3-speed hydraulic automatic transaxle produced by Ford Motor Company from 1981 through 1994.
The AXOD was a 4-speed automatic transaxle for transverse front wheel drive automobiles from the Ford Motor Company.
The Ford C4 is a three-speed, medium-duty automatic transmission introduced on 1964 model year vehicles and produced through 1981.
The Ford C6 is a heavy-duty automatic transmission built by Ford Motor Company between 1966 and 1996.
The CD4E is a 4-speed automatic transaxle for front-wheel-drive cars from 1994 to 2007.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
A forklift (also called lift truck, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
A gear train is a mechanical system formed by mounting gears on a frame so the teeth of the gears engage.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The 4L60E (and similar 4L65E) is a series of automatic transmissions from General Motors.
The 4L80-E (and similar 4L85-E) was a series of automatic transmissions from General Motors.
The Hele-Shaw clutch was an early form of multi-plate wet clutch, in use around 1900.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
The Hondamatic (also called the H2) was Honda's first automatic transmission.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Horseless carriage is a term for early automobiles; at the time it was common that carriages were pulled by animals, typically horses, but the automobiles were not.
HowStuffWorks is an American commercial educational website founded by Marshall Brain to provide its target audience an insight into the way many things work.
The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson and other brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1954.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Hy-Drive was a Chrysler Corporation transmission introduced in 1953 in US-market Plymouths.
Hydramatic (also known as Hydra-Matic) is an automatic transmission developed by both General Motors' Cadillac and Oldsmobile divisions.
Hydraulic machines are machinery and tools that use liquid fluid power to do simple work.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
Fluid statics or hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies fluids at rest.
The Hyundai Motor Company (modernity) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
An impeller (also written as impellor or impellar) is a rotor used to increase (or decrease in case of turbines) the pressure and flow of a fluid.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Nissan.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Jeep Cherokee (KL) is a Compact crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by the Jeep subdivision of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
In physics, jerk is the rate of change of acceleration; that is, the time derivative of acceleration, and as such the second derivative of velocity, or the third time derivative of position.
Kaiser Motors (formerly Kaiser-Frazer) Corporation made automobiles at Willow Run, Michigan, United States, from 1945 to 1953.
The Kia Cadenza, marketed in South Korea as Kia K7, is a mid-size / executive sedan manufactured and marketed by Kia Motors.
The Kia Forte, known as the K3 in South Korea, the Shuma in China and the Forte K3 and Cerato Forte in Colombia and Singapore, is a compact car produced by Kia Motors since mid-2008.
Kia Motor Corporation (stylized as KIΛ), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015.
The Kia Optima is a midsized 4-door sedan manufactured by Kia Motors since 2000 and marketed globally through various nameplates.
The Kia Quoris (sold as the Kia K9 in South Korea and the Kia K900 in the United States and Canada) is a full-size luxury car made by South Korean automaker Kia Motors.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
A lawn mower (mower) is a machine utilizing one or more revolving blades to cut a grass surface to an even height.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
In 1992, Lepelletier proposed three degrees of freedom epicyclic gear mechanisms.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese car maker Toyota.
The Lexus LS (Japanese: レクサス・LS, Rekusasu LS) is a full-size luxury car (F-segment in Europe) serving as the flagship model of Lexus, the luxury division of Toyota.
Lincoln, formally the Lincoln Motor Company, is a luxury vehicle brand of the American manufacturer Ford Motor Company.
Aisin Seiki is a major manufacturer of automobile transmissions.
Chrysler produces a number of automobile transmissions in-house.
Daimler AG produces a number of automobile transmissions.
Difference between ford transmission RF-F3LP-7A040-AA Basic 44A and transmission RF-F3LP-7A040-AA Basic 7.
General Motors is an innovator of automatic transmissions, introducing the Hydra-Matic in 1940.
Honda has long built nearly all of its own automobile transmissions, unlike many other automobile manufacturers which often source transmissions from external sources.
Hyundai Motor Group produces a number of automobile transmissions in-house.
Nissan and its spinoff, Jatco, have produced a large number of automatic transmissions for many auto makers.
This list of ZF transmissions details those automotive transmissions created by the German ZF Friedrichshafen AG engineering company.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
A manual transmission, also known as a manual gearbox, a standard transmission or colloquially in some countries (e.g. the United States) as a stick shift is a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications.
Manumatic, a portmanteau of the words manual and automatic, is a term referring to a class of automotive transmission.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
The Mazda CX-7 is a mid-size crossover SUV model from Mazda, and is the production version of the MX-Crossport concept car.
The Mazda3 or Mazda 3 (known as the Mazda Axela in Japan, a combination of "accelerate" and "excellent") is a compact car manufactured in Japan by Mazda.
The Mazda 6 or Mazda6 (known as the Mazda Atenza in China and Japan, derived from the Italian attenzione) is a mid-size family car produced by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Mazda since 2002.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
7G-Tronic (coded 722.9) is Mercedes-Benz's trademark name for its seven-speed automatic transmission.
9G-Tronic (codename 725.0) is Mercedes-Benz's trademark name for its nine-speed automatic transmission.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
The Mini is a small economy car produced by the English-based British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successors from 1959 until 2000.
The Mitsubishi i-MiEV (MiEV is an acronym for Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle) is a five-door hatchback electric car produced by Mitsubishi Motors, and is the electric version of the Mitsubishi i. Rebadged variants of the i-MiEV are also sold in Europe by PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) as the Peugeot iOn and Citroën C-Zero.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
Multimode Manual Transmission (MMT or M/M, also Multimode Transmission) is a type of sequential manual transmission offered by Toyota.
Nash Motors Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Kenosha, Wisconsin, in the United States from 1916 to 1937.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The Nissan Leaf is a compact five-door hatchback electric car manufactured by Nissan and introduced in Japan and the United States in December 2010, followed by various European countries and Canada in 2011.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The oil pump in an internal combustion engine circulates engine oil under pressure to the rotating bearings, the sliding pistons and the camshaft of the engine.
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors.
Overdrive is a term used to describe the operation of an automobile cruising at sustained speed with reduced engine revolutions per minute (RPM), leading to better fuel consumption, lower noise, and lower wear.
A park by wire system engages the parking pawl of a transmission using electrical means.
In road vehicles, the parking brake, also called hand brake, emergency brake, or e-brake, is used to keep the vehicle stationary and in many cases also perform an emergency stop.
A parking pawl is a device fitted to a motor vehicle's automatic transmission in order for it to lock up the transmission.
The Peugeot 206 is a supermini car that is produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from May 1998 to the present day; the 206 models are still in production in Iran by Iran Khodro.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Pontiac is a now-defunct car brand that was owned, made, and sold by General Motors.
The Pontiac G6 is a midsize car that was produced by General Motors under the Pontiac brand.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Powerglide is a two-speed automatic transmission designed by General Motors.
A pulley is a wheel on an axle or shaft that is designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable or belt, or transfer of power between the shaft and cable or belt.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Ram pickup (formerly the Dodge Ram pickup) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group LLC) and marketed as of 2011 onwards under the Ram Trucks brand.
The Ravigneaux gearset is a double planetary gear set, invented by Pol Ravigneaux, who filed a patent application on July 28, 1949, in Neuilly-sur-Seine France.
Redline refers to the maximum engine speed at which an internal combustion engine or traction motor and its components are designed to operate without causing damage to the components themselves or other parts of the engine.
Regenerative braking is an energy recovery mechanism which slows a vehicle or object by converting its kinetic energy into a form which can be either used immediately or stored until needed.
The REO Motor Car Company was a Lansing, Michigan-based company that produced automobiles and trucks from 1905 to 1975.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles.
Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
A semi-automatic transmission (also known as a clutch-less manual transmission, auto-manual, automated manual transmission, trigger shift, flappy-paddle gear shift, Manumatic, Tiptronic, Touchshift, Geartronic, Sportronic or paddle-shift gearbox) is an automobile transmission that combines manual transmission and automatic transmission.
In control engineering a servomechanism, sometimes shortened to servo, is an automatic device that uses error-sensing negative feedback to correct the action of a mechanism.
A servomotor is a rotary actuator or linear actuator that allows for precise control of angular or linear position, velocity and acceleration.
Shift by wire is the system by which the transmission modes are engaged/changed in an automobile through electronic controls without any mechanical linkage between the gear shifting lever and the transmission.
The Simpson planetary gearset consists of two planetary gearsets, both having the same gears and gear ratios.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
A solenoid (/ˈsolə.nɔɪd/) (from the French solénoïde, derived in turn from the Greek solen ("pipe, channel") and eidos ("form, shape")) is a coil wound into a tightly packed helix.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A sports car, or sportscar, is a small, usually two-seater, two-door automobile designed for spirited performance and nimble handling.
A sprag clutch is a one-way freewheel clutch.
A stall is the slowing or stopping of a process and in the case of an engine refers to a sudden stopping of the engine turning, usually brought about accidentally.
The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, mud motors or biological rotors.
Studebaker was an American wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.
TorqueFlite (also seen as Torqueflite) is the trademarked name of Chrysler Corporation's automatic transmissions, starting with the three-speed unit introduced late in the 1956 model year as a successor to Chrysler's two-speed PowerFlite.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The Toyota Camry (Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ Toyota Kamuri) is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since 1982, spanning multiple generations.
The Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by Toyota.
The, also known as the Toyota SW4, is a mid-size SUV manufactured by Toyota.
The Toyota Innova (Japanese: トヨタイノーバ Toyota Inōba) is a compact MPV manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota.
The Toyota Previa, also known as the Toyota Estima in Japan, and Toyota Tarago in Australia, is an MPV or multi-purpose vehicle (known as a minivan in North America) produced by Toyota since 1990.
The Toyota Prius (Japanese:トヨタプリウス)() is a full hybrid electric automobile developed by Toyota and manufactured by the company since 1997.
A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym frequently used by companies to operate under a name different from their registered, legal name.
In drag racing, a transbrake is a mechanism that selectively places the transmission in first and reverse gears simultaneously, effectively holding the race car stationary as if the foot brake was applied.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
A transmission control unit or TCU is a device that controls modern electronic automatic transmissions.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
Turbo-Hydramatic or Turbo Hydra-Matic is the registered tradename for a family of automatic transmissions developed and produced by General Motors.
Turbo-Hydramatic 180 was an automatic transmission developed and produced by General Motors.
The Turboglide is a Chevrolet constant torque, continuously variable automatic transmission that made its debut as an optional transmission on Chevrolet V8 passenger cars for 1957.
Ultramatic was the trademarked name of the Packard Motor Car Company's automatic transmission introduced in 1949 and produced until 1954, at Packard's Detroit, Michigan East Grand Boulevard factory.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A variable displacement pump is a device that converts mechanical energy to hydraulic (fluid) energy.
A variable force solenoid (VFS) is an electro-hydraulic device that controls pressure proportionally or inversely proportionally to a signal (voltage or current) obtained from the on-board controller of a powertrain.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Voith GmbH & Co.
Turbo-Transmissions are hydrodynamic, multi-stage drive assemblies designed for rail vehicles using internal combustion engines.
The Volkswagen 01M transmission is an electronic/ hydraulic four-speed automatic transmission deployed in Cabrio, Jetta, Golf, GTI, New Beetle manufactured between 1995 through 2005, and transverse engine Passats manufactured between 1995 through 1997.
Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, shortened to AB Volvo) (stylized as VOLVO) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.
Whale oil is oil obtained from the blubber of whales.
A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle bearing.
A wheelspin occurs when the force delivered to the tyre tread exceeds that of available tread-to-surface friction and one or more tyres lose traction.
Wide open throttle (WOT) refers to an internal combustion engine's maximum intake of air and fuel that occurs when the throttle plates inside the carburetor or throttle body are "wide open", providing the least resistance to the incoming air.
Wilson-Pilcher is a historic British car brand.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The ZF 6HP was the first six-speed automatic transmission in a production passenger car.
The ZF 8HP is an eight-speed automatic transmission designed and built by ZF Friedrichshafen.
The ZF 9HP is a nine-speed automatic transmission built by ZF Friedrichshafen AG subsidiary ZF Transmissions in Gray Court, South Carolina.
ZF Friedrichshafen AG, also known as ZF Group, and commonly abbreviated to ZF (ZF.
AKPP, Auto Transmission, Auto trans, Automatic Transmission, Automatic gearbox, Automatic transmissions, Autotragic, EGS6, Electric Gear Stick, Electric Gearstick, Fully automatic transmission, Fully-automatic transmission, Kick-down, PRNDL, Prundle gate, Slushbox.