311 relations: Abarth, Acura, Aixam, Alfa Romeo, Algeria, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Alpine (automobile), Aston Martin, Audi, Automobile Dacia, Automobile repair shop, Automotive industry by country, Automotive industry crisis of 2008–10, Automotive industry in Australia, Automotive industry in Bangladesh, Automotive industry in Belarus, Automotive industry in Brazil, Automotive industry in Bulgaria, Automotive industry in Canada, Automotive industry in China, Automotive industry in France, Automotive industry in Germany, Automotive industry in Hungary, Automotive industry in India, Automotive industry in Indonesia, Automotive industry in Iran, Automotive industry in Italy, Automotive industry in Japan, Automotive industry in Kenya, Automotive industry in Malaysia, Automotive industry in Mexico, Automotive industry in Morocco, Automotive industry in Pakistan, Automotive industry in Poland, Automotive industry in Romania, Automotive industry in Russia, Automotive industry in Serbia, Automotive industry in Slovakia, Automotive industry in South Africa, Automotive industry in South Korea, Automotive industry in Spain, Automotive industry in Sweden, Automotive industry in Thailand, Automotive industry in the United Kingdom, Automotive industry in the United States, Automotive industry in Turkey, Automotive industry in Ukraine, Automotive industry in Uzbekistan, AvtoVAZ, Azerbaijan, ..., Škoda Auto, BAIC Group, Bangladesh, Baojun, Beijing Benz, Beijing Hyundai, Belarus, Bentley, Big Three (automobile manufacturers), BMW, BMW Brilliance, Boston Consulting Group, Brand, Brass Era car, BRIC, Brilliance Auto, Bugatti, Bugatti Automobiles, Buick, Business development, BYD Auto, BYD Company, Cadillac, Car, Carbodies, Caterham Cars, Caterham Group, Changan Automobile, Changan Ford, Changan Mazda, Changan PSA, Changan Suzuki, Chery, Chery Jaguar Land Rover, Chevrolet, China Motor Corporation, Chrysler (brand), Citroën, Colombia, Country of origin, Croatia, Cupra, Czech Republic, Daihatsu, Daimler AG, Datsun, Denza, Design, Dodge, Dongfeng Fengshen, Dongfeng Honda, Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd., Dongfeng Motor Corporation, Dongfeng Nengdi, Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën, Dongfeng Renault, DRB-HICOM, DS Automobiles, Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A., Economic sector, Ecuador, Effects of the 2008–10 automotive industry crisis on the United States, Eicher Motors, Elmer Ambrose Sperry, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, FAW Group, FAW Jiefang, FAW-GM, FAW-Volkswagen, FCA Srbija, Ferrari, Fiat Automobiles, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Fiat Industrial, Fiat Professional, Filling station, Ford Lio Ho Motor, Ford Motor Company, Ford Otosan, Ford Sollers, Fujian Benz, Fujian Motors Group, Functional safety, Geely, General Motors, General Motors India, Genesis Motors, Ghana, GM Korea, GM Uzbekistan, GM-AvtoVAZ, GMC (automobile), Great Depression, Groupe PSA, Haima Automobile, Hino Motors, Holden, Honda, Hyundai Assan Otomotiv, Hyundai Motor Company, Hyundai Motor Group, IKCO Samand, Indonesia, Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines, Infiniti, Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing, Iran, Iran Khodro, ISO 26262, Israel Corporation, Isuzu (Anadolu), Isuzu Motors, Isuzu Trucks South Africa, JAC Motors, Jaguar Cars, Jaguar Land Rover, Jeep, Jiangling Motors, Jonway Automobile, Jordan, Kamaz, Kantanka cars, Karma Automotive, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kia Motors, King Long, Koç Holding, Koenigsegg, Lada, Lamborghini, Lancia, Land Rover, Lexus, Light commercial vehicle, Ligier, Lincoln Motor Company, List of countries by motor vehicle production, List of largest companies by revenue, Lotus Cars, Luxgen, Mahindra & Mahindra, Mahindra Renault, Mahindra Truck and Bus Division, MAN Auto-Uzbekistan, MAN SE, Manufacturing, Marcopolo S.A., Marketing, Maruti Suzuki, Maserati, Master Motors, Mastretta, Maybach, Mazda, McLaren Automotive, Mercedes-Benz, MG Cars, Microcar (brand), Mini (marque), Mitsubishi, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation, Mitsubishi Motors, Morgan Motor Company, Morocco, Motocycle, Motor fuel, Motor vehicle, National Electric Vehicle Sweden, Navistar International, New Flyer Industries, Newly industrialized country, Nigeria, Nissan, Nissan Shatai, Noble Automotive, Opel, Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, Paccar, Pagani (company), Pars Khodro, Perodua, Peugeot, PGO (Automobile), Philippines, Polaris Industries, Porsche, Product defect, Product recall, PROTON Holdings, Purge, Qoros, Ram Trucks, Ranz, Renault, Renault Samsung Motors, Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance, Revenue, Rimac Automobili, Rimac Concept One, Roewe, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars, Romania, SAIC Motor, SAIC-GM, SAIC-GM-Wuling, SAIPA, Saipa Tiba, Saleen, Sales, Scania AB, SEAT, Senova, Serbia, Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor, Slovakia, Slovenia, Smart (marque), Sollers JSC, Sollers-Isuzu, Soueast, SsangYong Motor, Subaru, Subaru Corporation, Suzuki, Taiwan, Tata Marcopolo, Tata Motors, Tata Motors Cars, Tatra (company), Tesla, Inc., Thailand, The Sydney Morning Herald, Tofaş, Toyota, Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech, Troller Veículos Especiais, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uniti (car), Uz-DaewooAuto, Uzbekistan, Value chain, Vauxhall Motors, Venezuela, Venucia, Vietnam, Volkswagen, Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, Volkswagen Group, Volvo, Volvo Cars, Wanxiang, World War II, Wuhan, Wuling Motors, Yulon, ZAP (motor company), Zastava Trucks, 1970s energy crisis. 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Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949.
Acura is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.
Aixam-Mega is a French automobile manufacturer based in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
The Auto Alliance is a trade group of automobile manufacturers that operate in the United States.
The Société des Automobiles Alpine SAS, commonly known as Alpine, is a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars established in 1955.
Aston Martin Lagonda Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. Steered from 1947 by David Brown, it became associated with expensive grand touring cars in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the fictional character James Bond following his use of a DB5 model in the 1964 film Goldfinger. Their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to the Prince of Wales since 1982. It has over 150 car dealerships in over 50 countries on six continents making them a global automobile brand. Their headquarters and the main production site are in Gaydon, Warwickshire, England, alongside one of Jaguar Land Rover's development centres on the site of a former RAF V Bomber airbase. One of Aston Martin's recent cars was named after the 1950s Vulcan Bomber. Aston Martin has exploited its branding for projects including speed boats, submarines, bicycles, monster trucks, clothing and real estate development..
Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.
Automobile Dacia S.A. is a Romanian car manufacturer that takes its name from the historic region that constitutes the present-day Romania.
An automobile repair shop (also known regionally as a garage or a workshop) is an establishment where automobiles are repaired by auto mechanics and technicians.
This article provides an overview of the automotive industry in countries around the world.
The automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 was a part of a global financial downturn.
A substantial car industry was created in Australia in the 20th century through the opening of Australian plants by international manufacturers.
The automotive industry in Bangladesh is the third largest in South Asia.
Belarus had third by volume part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with near 40,000 annual production.
The Brazilian automotive industry competed with other Latin American ones (Mexico and Argentina) comparably till 1960, but had two jumps then, making Brazil as a regional leader at first and one of the World's leaders moreover.
Bulgaria's production strongly depended on auto imports from the Soviet block earlier and currently depends on other European and Asian countries.
The automotive industry in Canada consists primarily of assembly plants of foreign automakers, most with headquarters in the United States or Japan, along with hundreds of manufacturers of automotive parts and systems.
The automotive industry in China has been the largest in the world measured by automobile unit production since 2008.
France was a pioneer in the automotive industry and is the 11th-largest automobile manufacturer in the world by 2015 unit production and the third-largest in Europe (after Germany and Spain).
The automotive industry in Germany is one of the largest employers in the world, with a labor force of over 747,000 (2009) working in the industry.
Post-socialist Hungary significantly decreased the manufacturing of buses but found a large assembly capacities of foreign brands (such as Mercedes-Benz, Suzuki, Audi and Opel) with annual production of more than 400 thousands cars.
The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world with an annual production of 23.96 million vehicles in FY (fiscal year) 2015–16, following a growth of 2.57 per cent over the last year.
Indonesia, mainly assembling Japanese and South Korean brands of vehicles, is the highest producing Southeast Asian automotive producer in January–April 2015 with a market share of 36.54% (363,945 units), while Thailand trails in second place with 25.29%.
Iran’s automotive industry is the third most active industry of the country, after its oil and gas industry, accounting for 10% of Iran's GDP and 4% of the workforce (700,000 persons).
The automotive industry in Italy is a quite large employer in the country, it had over 2,131 firms and employed almost 250,000 people in 2006.
The automotive industry in Japan is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world.
The Automotive industry in Kenya is primarily involved in the assembly, retail and distribution of motor vehicles.
The automotive industry in Malaysia consists of 27 vehicle producers and over 640 component manufacturers.
This is an article about the automotive industry in Mexico.
The Moroccan automotive industry is led by investment by French Renault-Nissan Alliance and PSA Group car companies.
The automotive industry in Pakistan (پاکستان موٹر گاڑی صنعت) is the one of the fastest growing industries of the country, accounting for 4% of Pakistan's GDP and employing a workforce of over 1,800,000 people.
The automobile industry in Poland makes up a sizeable part of the Polish economy, accounting for about 11% of Poland's industrial production.
Much of the Romanian manufacturing industry consists of branch plants of foreign firms, though there are some important domestic manufacturers, such as Automobile Dacia, Ford Romania, Roman Braşov and Igero.
Automotive production is a significant industry in Russia, directly employing around 600,000 people or 1% of the country's total workforce.
Serbia's automotive industry is one of the most important industrial sectors and makes about 15% of industrial output of the country and 18% of all exports (expected to reach $2 billion in 2013).
Since 2007, Slovakia has been the world's largest producer of cars per capita, with a total of 1,040,000 cars manufactured in 2016 alone in a country with 5 million people.
South Africa is traditionally the leader in Africa of the automotive industry and now produces more than half a million automobiles annually of all types.
The automotive industry in South Korea is the sixth-largest in the world measured by automobile unit production and the fifth-largest by automobile export volume.
In 2015 Spain produced 2.7 million cars which made it the 8th largest automobile producer country in the world and the 2nd largest car manufacturer in Europe after Germany.
The automotive industry in Sweden is mainly associated with passenger car manufacturers Volvo Cars and Saab Automobile but Sweden is also home of two of the largest truck manufacturers in the world: Volvo AB and Scania AB.
, the Thailand automotive industry was the largest in Southeast Asia and the 12th largest in the world.
The automotive industry in the United Kingdom is now best known for premium and sports car marques including Aston Martin, Bentley, Caterham Cars, Daimler, Jaguar, Lagonda, Land Rover, Lister Cars, Lotus, McLaren, MG, Mini, Morgan and Rolls-Royce.
The automotive industry in the United States began in the 1890s and, as a result of the size of the domestic market and the use of mass production, rapidly evolved into the largest in the world.
The automotive industry in Turkey plays an important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy.
Automotive industry in Ukraine was established during the Soviet times and until fall of the Soviet Union was an integral part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union.
Before 1992, Uzbekistan had absolutely no automotive industry, being part of the Soviet Union.
AvtoVAZ (АвтоВАЗ), formerly known as VAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod) (ВАЗ, Во́лжский автомоби́льный заво́д, or Volga Automobile Plant), is a Russian automobile manufacturer.
Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement.
BAIC Group (officially Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese state-owned enterprise and holding company of several automobile and machine manufacturers located in Beijing, China.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Baojun is a Chinese automobile marque owned by a joint venture of General Motors and SAIC Motor, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile.
Beijing Benz (officially Beijing Benz Automotive Co., Ltd) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Beijing, China, and a joint venture between BAIC Motor and Daimler AG.
Beijing Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shunyi, Beijing, China, and a joint-venture between BAIC Motor and Hyundai Motor Company.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs—and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1998.
In the automotive industry of the United States of America, the term Big Three refers to the country's three largest automobile manufacturers: General Motors, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler (FCA US).
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
BMW Brilliance (officially BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd.) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shenyang, China and a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto.
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American multinational management consulting firm with 90 offices in 50 countries.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
The Brass Era is an American term for the early period of automotive manufacturing, named for the prominent brass fittings used during this time for such things as lights and radiators.
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of '''B'''razil, '''R'''ussia, '''I'''ndia and '''C'''hina, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development.
Brilliance Auto Group (officially HuaChen Group Auto Holding Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shenyang.
Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. is a French high-performance luxury automobiles manufacturer and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG, with its head office and assembly plant in Molsheim, Alsace, France.
Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Business development entails tasks and processes to develop and implement growth opportunities within and between organizations.
BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, and a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Company.
BYD Co Ltd is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles, buses, forklifts, rechargeable batteries, trucks, etc BYD Official Site with its corporate headquarters in Shenzhen.
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
LTI Limited trading as The London Taxi Company was a British taxicab design and manufacturing company based in Coventry, United Kingdom.
Caterham Cars is a British manufacturer of specialist lightweight sports cars established in Caterham, Surrey, with their headquarters in Crawley, Sussex.
The Caterham Group was formally announced on 27 November 2011 at the Brazilian F1 Grand Prix.
Chang'an Automobile (Group) Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Chongqing, China, and a state-owned enterprise.
Changan Ford (officially Changan Ford Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Chongqing, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Ford Motor Company.
Changan Mazda (officially Changan Mazda Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Nanjing, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Mazda.
Changan PSA (officially Changan PSA Automobiles Co., Ltd., informally CAPSA) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Shenzhen, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Groupe PSA.
Changan Suzuki (officially Changan Suzuki Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Chongqing, China and a joint-venture between Chang'an Automobile Group and Suzuki.
Chery Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Chery and sometimes known by the pinyin transcription of its Chinese name, Qirui (奇瑞), is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.
Chery Jaguar Land Rover (officially Chery Jaguar Land Rover Automotive Company Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changshu, China.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
China Motor Corporation (CMC) is an automobile manufacturer based in Taipei, Taiwan.
Chrysler is an American luxury car brand and the longstanding premium marque of automaker FCA US LLC.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Country of origin (COO), is the country of manufacture, production, or growth where an article or product comes from.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cupra (also spelled Cubrar, Ikiperu, Kypra or Supra) was a chthonic fertility goddess of the ancient pre-Roman population of the Piceni and the Umbri, and may have been associated with Etruscan Uni.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
is one of the oldest surviving Japanese internal combustion engine manufacturers, later known for its range of smaller kei models and off-road vehicles.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
Datsun is an automobile brand owned by Nissan.
Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd., trading as Denza, is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shenzhen, China, specialising in luxury electric cars and an equally owned joint venture between BYD Auto and Daimler AG.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
Dodge is an American brand of automobile manufactured by Fiat Chrysler (formerly known as Chrysler Group LLC), based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
Dongfeng Fengshen is an automobile marque owned by the Chinese automaker Dongfeng Passenger Vehicle Company, a division of Dongfeng Motor Group.
Dongfeng Honda Automobile Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, China, and a 50:50 joint-venture between Dongfeng Motor Group and Honda Motor Company.
Dongfeng Motor Company Limited (abb. DFL) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, China.
Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China.
Dongfeng Nengdi (Hangzhou) Motor Co., Ltd. also known as just DND is a Chinese manufacturer of truck.
Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile Co., Ltd. (DPCA) is a joint venture between Dongfeng Motor Group and PSA Peugeot Citroën.
Dongfeng Renault Automobile Company (DRAC) or Dongfeng Renault is an equally owned Chinese joint venture between car manufacturers Dongfeng Motor Group and Renault aimed to produce and sell Renault-badged vehicles, established in 2013.
DRB-HICOM Berhad is one of Malaysia's leading corporations, involved in the automotive manufacturing, assembly and distribution industry through its involvement in the passenger car and four wheel drive vehicle market segment, the national truck project and the national motorcycle project.
DS is the premium brand of Groupe PSA.
Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. is the motorcycle-manufacturing division of Italian company Ducati, headquartered in Bologna, Italy.
One classical breakdown of economic activity distinguishes three sectors.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Beginning in the later half of 2008, a global-scale recession adversely affected the economy of the United States.
Eicher Motors Limited (EML) (Bloomberg: EIM IN Reuters: EICH.NS) is the parent company of Royal Enfield, a manufacturer of middleweight motorcycles.
Elmer Ambrose Sperry, Sr. (October 12, 1860 – June 16, 1930) was an American inventor and entrepreneur, most famous as co-inventor, with Herman Anschütz-Kaempfe of the gyrocompass and as founder of the Sperry Gyroscope Company.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is an international financial institution founded in 1991.
FAW Group Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, Jilin, China.
FAW Jiefang is a truck manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, Jilin, China, and a wholly owned subsidiary of FAW Group.
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle (FAW-GM) is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, China, and a 50:50 joint venture between FAW Group and General Motors.
FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co., Ltd. (FAW-VW) is a joint venture between FAW Group and Volkswagen Group which manufactures Audi and Volkswagen marque passenger cars for sale in China.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Serbia (Serbian: FIAT Krajsler Automobili Srbija; abbr. FCAS) or FCA Srbija, is a Serbian automotive manufacturing company based in Kragujevac, Serbia — a joint venture (JV) between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) which owns 67% of the operation and the Republic of Serbia, which owns the remainder.
Ferrari N.V. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (abbreviated as FCA) is an Italian/American corporation and currently the world’s eighth largest auto maker.
Fiat Industrial S.p.A. was an Italian company into which Fiat S.p.A. (parent company of Fiat Group) demerged most of its activities not directly related to automobiles at the start of 2011.
Fiat Professional is the brand name and subsidiary for FCA Italy's (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) light commercial vehicles and their passenger variants.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
Ford Lio Ho Motor is a Taiwanese-based automaker and the primary dealer of Ford vehicles in Taiwan formed in 1972.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Ford Otosan is an automotive manufacturing company based in Turkey that is equally owned by Ford Motor Company and Koç Holding.
is a joint venture between the American car manufacturer Ford and the Russian Sollers established in 2011.
Fujian Benz Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly Fujian Daimler Automotive Co., Ltd., is a light commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Fúzhōu, and a joint venture between the German Daimler AG, the Chinese state-owned Fujian Motors Group and the Taiwanese China Motor Corporation.
The Fujian Motors Group was founded in the Fujian Province, China in 1992.
Functional safety is the part of the overall safety of a system or piece of equipment that depends on the system or equipment operating correctly in response to its inputs, including the safe management of likely operator errors, hardware failures and environmental changes.
Geely (officially Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd) is a Chinese multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, Zhejiang.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
General Motors India Private Limited is a partnership between General Motors and SAIC that is engaged in the automobile business in India.
Genesis Motors is the luxury vehicle division of the South Korean vehicle manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
GM Korea CompanyFormerly GM Daewoo Auto & Technology. (한국지엠주식회사,Also spelled as 한국GM주식회사.) is South Korea's third largest automobile manufacturer and a subsidiary of General Motors.
GM Uzbekistan (JM O‘zbekiston, ЖМ Ўзбекистон; Джи Эм Узбекистан) is a joint venture between the Uzbek government, OJSC UzAvtosanoat (75%) and the American General Motors Company (25%) for the manufacturing of automobiles, and is located in Asaka, Uzbekistan.
GM-AvtoVAZ is a joint venture in Russia between General Motors and AvtoVAZ set up in 2001 and began producing the Chevrolet Niva, based on the Lada Niva, at its factory in Tolyatti from 2002.
GMC (General Motors Truck Company), formally the GMC Division of General Motors LLC, is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM) that primarily focuses on trucks and utility vehicles.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Groupe PSA (informally PSA; PSA Group in English; formerly known as PSA Peugeot Citroën from 1991 to 2016) is a French multinational manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles sold under the Peugeot, Citroën, DS, Opel and Vauxhall brands.
FAW Haima Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Haima, is a Chinese automotive manufacturing company based in Haikou, Hainan and a subsidiary of FAW Group.
Hino Motors, Ltd. (日野自動車株式会社, Hino Jidōsha), commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including for trucks, buses and other vehicles) headquartered in Hino-shi, Tokyo.
Holden, formally known as General Motors Holden, is an Australian automobile importer and a former automobile manufacturer with its headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
The Hyundai Assan Otomotiv San ve Tic.
The Hyundai Motor Company (modernity) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
The Hyundai Motor Group (stylized as HYUNDAI) is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, and it is the largest car manufacturer in the country.
Samand (fa) is an Iranian car brand manufactured by Iran Khodro (IKCO) using local manufacturers for its parts.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines S.A. (IMM) are a Tunisian car manufacturer headquartered in the city of Kairouan.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Nissan.
Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing Co.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran Khodro (ایرانخودرو), branded as IKCO, is an Iranian multinational automaker headquartered in Tehran. The company's original name was Iran National (ایران ناسیونال). IKCO was founded in 1962 and it produced 688,000 passenger cars in 2009. IKCO manufactures vehicles, including Samand, Peugeot and Renault cars, and trucks, minibuses and buses.
ISO 26262, titled "Road vehicles – Functional safety", is an international standard for functional safety of electrical and/or electronic systems in production automobiles defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 2011.
Israel Corporation (החברה לישראל) is Israel’s largest holding company.
Anadolu Isuzu (officially Anadolu Isuzu Automotive Industry & Trading A.Ş.) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Istanbul, Turkey and a joint venture between Anadolu Group from Turkey, and Isuzu Motors and Itochu Co.
, trading as Isuzu, is a Japanese commercial vehicle and diesel engine manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo.
Isuzu Truck South Africa (Pty.) Ltd. is an automobile manufacturer with headquarters in Sandton (Johannesburg), South Africa.
JAC Motors (officially Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese state-owned automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC is the holding company of Jaguar Land Rover Limited, a British multinational automotive company with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom, and a subsidiary of Indian automotive company Tata Motors.
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
Jiangling Motors Corporation Limited, abbreviated JMC, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer.
Zhejiang Jonway Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Jonway Automobile, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer founded in 2003 and based in Taizhou, Zhejiang.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
KAMAZ (Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation.
Kantanka Automobile Company Limited is a subsidiary of the Kantanka Group of Companies founded by Apostle Dr. Ing. Kwadwo Safo Kantanka, the Founder and Leader of Kristo Asafo Mission of Ghana.
Karma Automotive is a Chinese automaker owned by Chinese auto company Wanxiang Group, with some operations in Irvine, California.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kia Motor Corporation (stylized as KIΛ), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015.
King Long United Automotive Industry Co., Ltd or commonly known as King Long (literally, Golden Dragon) is a Chinese bus manufacturer headquartered in Xiamen, Fujian.
Koç Holding A.Ş. (pronounced: Coach with a short syllable) is the largest industrial conglomerate in Turkey, and that country's only entry on the Fortune Global 500 list.
Koenigsegg Automotive AB is a Swedish manufacturer of high-performance sports cars, based in Ängelholm, Skåne County, Sweden.
LADA is a brand of cars manufactured by AvtoVAZ in Russia, which is today majority owned by Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance.
Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese and tractors Lamborghini Trattori in Pieve di Cento, Italy.
Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C..
Land Rover is a car brand that specialises in four-wheel-drive vehicles, owned by British multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, which has been owned by India's Tata Motors since 2008.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese car maker Toyota.
A light commercial vehicle is the official term used within the European Union, Australia, New Zealand, and occasionally in both Canada and Ireland (where Commercial Van is more commonly used), for a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3.5 metric tons (tonnes).
Ligier is a French automobile and minibus maker created by former racing driver and rugby player Guy Ligier, specialized in the manufacturing of microcars.
Lincoln, formally the Lincoln Motor Company, is a luxury vehicle brand of the American manufacturer Ford Motor Company.
This is a list of countries by motor vehicle production based on Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA) and other data from 2016 and earlier.
This list comprises the world's largest businesses by consolidated revenue as of 2016, according to the Fortune Global 500 tally.
Lotus Cars is a British automotive company that manufactures sports cars and racing cars in its headquarters in Hethel, United Kingdom.
Luxgen Motor Co., Ltd. is a Taiwanese automaker headquartered in Sanyi, Miaoli, Taiwan, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Yulon Motor.
Mahindra and Mahindra Limited (M&M) is an Indian multinational car manufacturing corporation headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Mahindra Renault Limited was a joint venture between India's largest utility vehicle manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra Limited & Renault S.A. of France (51% & 49% respectively).
Mahindra Truck and Bus Division, formerly called Mahindra Navistar / Mahindra International, is an Indian commercial vehicle manufacturer formed in 2005 from a joint-venture between Navistar International (49%) of the United States and Indian automobile maker Mahindra & Mahindra (51%).
The MAN AUTO-Uzbekistan Company is an joint venture between the German MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG and the Uzbek OJSC UzAvtosanoat.
MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Marcopolo S.A. (BM&F Bovespa) is a Brazilian bus and coach manufacturer founded on August 6, 1949, in the southern Brazilian city of Caxias do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Maruti Suzuki India Limited, formerly known as Maruti Udyog Limited, is an automobile manufacturer in India.
Maserati is an Italian luxury vehicle manufacturer established on 1 December 1914, in Bologna.
Master Motors (ماسٹر موٹر) is a Pakistani bus and truck manufacturer, based in Karachi, Pakistan since 2002.
Mastretta Cars is a Mexican car maker and design studio established by industrial designer Daniel Mastretta in Mexico City in 1987.
Maybach Motorenbau is a defunct German car manufacturer that today exists as a sub-brand of Mercedes-Benz.
, commonly referred to as simply Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automaker based in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
McLaren Automotive (formerly known as McLaren Cars) is a British automotive manufacturer based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, Surrey.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
MG, the initials of Morris Garages, is a British automotive marque registered by the now defunct MG Car Company Limited,The M.G. Car Company Limited, incorporated 21 July 1930.
Microcar is a French microcar manufacturer.
Mini (stylised as MINI) is a British automotive marque, owned by BMW since 2000, and used by them for a range of small cars.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
The is a manufacturer of trucks and buses.
is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
The Morgan Motor Company is a family-owned British motor car manufacturer that was founded in 1910 by Henry Frederick Stanley Morgan.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Motocycle is a word used in the United States in the later 19th century for a horseless carriage, the type of vehicle now known as a car or automobile.
A motor fuel is a fuel that is used to provide power to motor vehicles.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
National Electric Vehicle Sweden AB, abbreviated as NEVS, is a Swedish holding company that has acquired the assets of Saab from a bankruptcy estate in 2012.
Navistar International Corporation (formerly International Harvester Company) is an American holding company, that owns the manufacturer of International brand commercial trucks, IC Bus school and commercial buses, Workhorse brand chassis for motor homes and step vans, and is a private label designer and manufacturer of diesel engines for the pickup truck, van, and SUV markets.
NFI Group Inc. is a Canadian multinational automotive company specializing in the manufacturing of heavy-duty transit buses and motorcoaches and the distribution of aftermarket parts.
The category of newly industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Nissan Shatai Co., Ltd. is a Japanese automobile contract manufacturer for Nissan that is headquartered in Hiratsuka, Kanagawa.
Noble Automotive Ltd., more commonly known simply as Noble, is a British sports car manufacturer based in Leicester.
Opel (Opel) is a German automobile manufacturer, subsidiary of French automaker Groupe PSA since August 2017.
The Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, commonly abbreviated OICA (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers), founded 1919 in Paris, is an international trade association whose members are 39 national automotive industry trade associations.
PACCAR Inc is an American Fortune 500 company and counts among the largest manufacturers of medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicles in the world.
Pagani Automobili S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of sports cars and carbon fibre components.
Pars Khodro (Pārs Xodro) is an Iranian automobile manufacturer.
The Perusahaan Otomobil Kedua Sendirian Berhad (Second Automobile Manufacturer Private Limited), usually abbreviated to Perodua, is Malaysia's largest car manufacturer closely followed by Proton.
Peugeot is a French automotive manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA.
PGO Automobiles is a French car manufacturer, producing exclusive series' of sports cars.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Polaris Industries is an American manufacturer of snowmobiles, ATV, and neighborhood electric vehicles.
A product defect is any characteristic of a product which hinders its usability for the purpose for which it was designed and manufactured.
A product recall is a request to return a product after the discovery of safety issues or product defects that might endanger the consumer or put the maker/seller at risk of legal action.
PROTON Holdings Berhad, (PHB; informally PROTON) is a Malaysia-based corporation active in automobile design, manufacturing, distribution and sales.
In history, religion and political science, a purge is a removal of people who are considered undesirable by those in power from a government, another organization, their team owners, or society as a whole.
Qoros Auto Co., Ltd. is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai, China.
Ram Trucks, stylized as RAM and formally known as the Ram Truck Division, is a United States-based brand of light to mid-weight commercial vehicles established in 2010 as a division of FCA US LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
Ranz is an automotive marque owned by Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor which specialises in electric cars.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
Renault Samsung Motors (르노삼성자동차), also known by the acronym RSM, is a South Korean car manufacturer headquartered in Busan where its single assembly site is also located, with additional facilities at Seoul (administration) and Giheung (research and development).
The Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance is a Franco-Japanese strategic partnership between the automobile manufacturers Renault, based in Paris, France, Nissan, based in Yokohama, Japan, and Mitsubishi Motors, based in Tokyo, Japan, which together sell more than 1 in 10 cars worldwide.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
Rimac Automobili is a Croatian car manufacturer headquartered in Sveta Nedelja, Croatia, that develops and produces electric hypercars, drivetrains and battery systems.
The Rimac Concept One (sometimes stylized as Concept_One) is a two-seat high-performance electric car designed and manufactured in Croatia by Rimac Automobili.
Roewe is a vehicle marque created by the Chinese automaker SAIC Motor in 2006.
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited is a British luxury automobile maker.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
SAIC Motor Corporation Limited (SAIC, formerly Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation) is a Chinese state-owned automotive design and manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai, China, with multinational operations.
SAIC General Motors Corporation Limited (More commonly known as SAIC-GM;; formerly known as Shanghai General Motors Company Ltd, Shanghai GM) is a joint venture between General Motors Company and SAIC Motor that manufactures and sells Chevrolet, Buick, and Cadillac brand automobiles in mainland China.
SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile (上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 and abbreviated as SGMW) is a joint venture between SAIC Motor, General Motors, and Liuzhou Wuling Motors Co Ltd. Based in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southwestern China, it makes commercial and consumer vehicles sold in China under the Wuling and Baojun marques, respectively.
SAIPA (سایپا) is an automaker headquartered in Tehran, Iran.
Tiba (gazelle) is an Iranian car made by Saipa, that was unveiled in December 2008 as "Miniator".
Saleen Automotive, commonly known as Saleen, is an American manufacturer of specialty high-performance sports cars and high-performance automotive parts.
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
Scania AB, formerly AB Scania-Vabis, is a major Swedish manufacturer of commercial vehicles – specifically heavy trucks and buses.
SEAT, S.A. (Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo) is a Spanish automobile manufacturer with its head office in Martorell, Catalonia.
Senova is an automobile marque owned by the Chinese automaker BAIC Motor, itself a subsidiary of BAIC Group.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor Company (四川一汽丰田汽车有限公司) is an automobile manufacturing company based in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province China found in 1998.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
smart is a German automotive marque and division of Daimler AG, based in Böblingen, Germany.
Sollers, formerly known as OAO Severstal-Auto, is a Russian company holding controlling blocks of shares of OAO Ulyanovsk Automobile Works (UAZ), Zavolzhye Motor Works (ZMZ) and OAO ZMA.
JSC “ISUZU RUS” (АО ИСУЗУ РУС) is a commercial vehicle manufacturer with headquarters in Ulyanovsk, Russia.
South East (Fujian) Motor Co., Ltd., trading as Soueast, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Fuzhou, Fujian, and a joint venture between China Motor Corporation (25%), Fujian Motor Industry Group (50%) and Mitsubishi Motors (25%).
SsangYong Motor Company (쌍용자동차 주식회사; Ssangyong meaning "Double Dragons") is the fourth largest South Korean-based automobile manufacturer.
(or) is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
, formerly known as (FHI), is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily involved in aerospace and ground transportation manufacturing, known for its line of Subaru automobiles.
is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, that manufactures automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tata Marcopolo (officially Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd.) is a bus and coach manufacturing company headquartered in Dharwad, India and a joint venture between Tata Motors and Marcopolo S.A..
Tata Motors Limited (formerly TELCO, short for Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) headquartered in Mumbai, is an Indian multinational automotive manufacturing company and a member of the Tata Group.
Tata Motors Cars is a division of the India-based automaker Tata Motors which produces passenger cars under the Tata Motors marque.
Tatra is a Czech vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
Tofaş (acronym for Türk Otomobil Fabrikası Anonim Şirketi; pronounced) is a Turkish automaker which was established in 1968 by Vehbi Koç, who was the founder of Koç Holding, based in Bursa, Turkey, where the manufacturing plant of the company is located.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech s.r.o. (TPCA) is an automobile manufacturing company in Kolín, Czech Republic.
Troller Veículos Especiais S/A (Troller) is a Brazilian off-road vehicles manufacturer.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Uniti Sweden is a Swedish automotive startup founded in January 2016 by Lewis Horne (CEO) which is developing a high tech electric city car in Lund, Sweden.
Uz-DaewooAuto (Uzbek: O'z-DeuAvto) was a joint venture founded in 1992 between the Uzbek state owned UzAvtosanoat.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
A value chain is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product or service for the market.
Vauxhall Motors LimitedCompany No.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Dongfeng Venucia Motor Company,The company name is also translated as Dongfeng Venucia Vehicle Company.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus, Volkswagen Trucks and Buses, is a Brazilian commercial vehicles manufacturing company based in Resende, Brazil and a subsidiary of MAN SE.
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles (VWCV) (Volkswagen Nutzfahrzeuge,; German abbreviation: VWN) is a German multinational commercial vehicles manufacturer headquartered in Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Volkswagen Group.
Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, shortened to AB Volvo) (stylized as VOLVO) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.
Volvo Cars (Volvo personvagnar), stylized as VOLVO in the logo, is a Swedish vehicle manufacturer established in 1927.
Wanxiang Group Corporation is a Chinese multinational automotive components manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Liuzhou Wuling Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. was established 2007 in Liuzhou, Guangxi, China as a joint-venture of Wuling Group and Dragon Hill Holdings Limited (HK0305).
Yulon Motor is a Taiwanese automaker and importer.
ZAP is an American electric vehicle company that designs, produces and markets vehicles including automobiles, motorcycles, bicycles, scooters, personal watercraft, hovercraft, ATVs, neighborhood electric vehicles and commercial vehicles.
Zastava Trucks (Zastava Kamioni) is a Serbian truck manufacturer based in the city of Kragujevac, Serbia.
The 1970s energy crisis was a period when the major industrial countries of the world, particularly the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, faced substantial petroleum shortages, real and perceived, as well as elevated prices.
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