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Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Index Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Awtonomong Rehiyon sa Muslim Mindanao, الحكم الذاتي الاقليمي لمسلمي مندناو Al-ḥukm adh-dhātiyy al-'aqlīmiyy limuslimiyy mindanāu; abbreviated ARMM) is an autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that consists of five predominantly Muslim provinces: Basilan (except Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. [1]

140 relations: Al-Qaeda, Aquilino Pimentel Jr., Arabic, Armed Forces of the Philippines, ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Autonomous administrative division, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite, 2001, Autonomous regions of the Philippines, Bacolod-Kalawi, Lanao del Sur, Bangsamoro (political entity), Bangsamoro peace process, Banguingui people, Barangay, Basilan, Benigno Aquino III, Bicameralism, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, Buluan, Maguindanao, Chavacano, Cities of the Philippines, Commonwealth of the Philippines, Compound (linguistics), Conchita Carpio-Morales, Confederation of sultanates in Lanao, Congress of the Philippines, Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society, Constitution of the Philippines, Corazon Aquino, Cotabato, Cotabato City, Dapitan, Datu Saudi-Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Davao del Sur, Department of Justice (Philippines), Digos, Dipolog, Electoral district, Federalism in the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino language, Foreign relations of the Philippines, General Santos, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Hermogenes Esperon, House of Representatives of the Philippines, Iligan, Iranun language, Iranun people, ..., Isabela, Basilan, Islam, Islam in the Philippines, Island groups of the Philippines, Jemaah Islamiyah, Jolo, Sulu, Judgment (law), Kidapawan, Koronadal, Kulintang, Lakas–CMD, Lakas–CMD (1991), Lamitan, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Liberal Party (Philippines), Lumad, Maguindanao, Maguindanao language, Maimbung, Sulu, Malaysia, Maranao language, Maranao people, Marawi, Mindanao, Moro conflict, Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Moro National Liberation Front, Moro people, Moro Rebellion, Moros during World War II, Mujiv Hataman, Municipalities of the Philippines, Muslim, Nur Misuari, Pacific War, Pagadian, Palawan, Parang, Maguindanao, Philippine English, Philippine National Police, Philippine peso, Philippine Spanish, Philippines, President of the Philippines, Provinces of the Philippines, Puerto Princesa, Rajah Buayan, Maguindanao, Referendum, Regions of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, Sama language, Sama-Bajau, Sarangani, Sema vs. COMELEC, Senate of the Philippines, Sharia, Shariff Kabunsuan, Soccsksargen, South Cotabato, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish–American War, Spanish–Moro conflict, Sultan, Sultan Kudarat, Sultanate of Maguindanao, Sultanate of Sulu, Sulu, Supreme Court of the Philippines, Suzerainty, Tacurong, Tagalog language, Taraka, Lanao del Sur, Tausug language, Tawi-Tawi, Tboli people, Tiruray language, Unicameralism, United Nations, United States, World War II, Yakan language, Yakan people, Zacaria Candao, Zaldy Ampatuan, Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay. Expand index (90 more) »

Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.

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Aquilino Pimentel Jr.

Aquilino Quilinging Pimentel Jr. (born December 11, 1933), commonly known as Nene Pimentel, is a Filipino politician who served as the President of the Senate of the Philippines from 2000-2001.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Armed Forces of the Philippines

The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) (Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas, Fuerzas Armadas de Filipinas) are the military forces of the Philippines.

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ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly

ARMM Regional Assembly, also known as ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly, is the devolved unicameral regional legislature of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.

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Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines

An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines is one of 15 members of the Philippine Supreme Court, the highest court in the Philippines.

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Autonomous administrative division

An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.

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Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite, 2001

In the Philippines, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is the only autonomous region; as such it is the sole region with a regional government as prescribed by the Constitution of the Philippines.

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Autonomous regions of the Philippines

An autonomous region of the Philippines (Nagsasarili na mga rehiyon ng Pilipinas) is a first-level administrative division and it has the authority to control the region's culture and economy.

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Bacolod-Kalawi, Lanao del Sur

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Bangsamoro (political entity)

The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region (Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Bangsamoro منطقة بانجسامورو ذاتية الحكم. Munṭiqah banjisāmūrū dhātiyyah al-ḥukm) is a proposed autonomous region within the Philippines.

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Bangsamoro peace process

In the late 1960s, an independence movement was founded in Mindanao, the Philippines to separate the Muslim majority-Moro areas from the rest of the Philippines.

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Banguingui people

Banguingui, also known as Sama Banguingui, Sama Bangingi’, Bangingi, and Samal Banguingui, is a distinct ethno-linguistic group dispersed throughout the Greater Sulu Archipelago and southern and western coastal regions of the Zamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao, Philippines.

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Barangay

A barangay ((abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines. Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan, Palawan which each contain only one barangay. The barangay itself is sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center., there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines.

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Basilan

Basilan (Chavacano: Provincia de Basilan; Tausug: Wilaya sin Basilan; Lalawigan sa Basilan) is an island province of the Philippines in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

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Benigno Aquino III

Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino IIIQuezon, Manuel L..

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Bicameralism

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.

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Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

, officially the, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Buluan, Maguindanao

, officially the, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Chavacano

Chavacano or Chabacano refers to a number of Spanish-based creole language varieties spoken in the Philippines.

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Cities of the Philippines

A city is one of the units of local government in the Philippines.

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Commonwealth of the Philippines

The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Conchita Carpio-Morales

Conchita Claudio Carpio-Morales (born Conchita Claudio Carpio on June 19, 1941) is the current Ombudsman of the Philippines.

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Confederation of sultanates in Lanao

The Sultanates of Lanao in Mindanao, Philippines were founded in the 16th century through the influence of Shariff Kabungsuan, who was enthroned as first Sultan of Maguindanao in 1520.

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Congress of the Philippines

The Congress of the Philippines (Kongreso ng Pilipinas), is the national legislature of the Philippines.

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Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society

Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society, almost always referred to by its abbreviation CBCS, is the largest umbrella civil society organization (CSO) composed of 168 Moro non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and peoples organizations (POs) in Mindanao, Philippines.

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Constitution of the Philippines

The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.

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Corazon Aquino

Maria Corazon "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipina politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office.

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Cotabato

Cotabato, formerly but colloquially known as North Cotabato (Amihanon nga Kotabato; Amihanang Kotabato; Maguindanaoan: Kuta Wato Nort), is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao.

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Cotabato City

Cotabato City, officially the City of Cotabato (Maguindanaon: Kuta Wato; Dakbayan sa Cotabato; Lungsod ng Cotabato), is a city in the Philippines in the province of Maguindanao.

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Dapitan

, officially the, (Subanon: Gembagel G'benwa Dapitan/Bagbenwa Dapitan; Lungsod ng Dapitan; Chavacano: Ciudad de Dapitan), or simply referred to as Dapitan City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Datu Saudi-Ampatuan, Maguindanao

Datu Saudi-Ampatuan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Maguindanao, Philippines.

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Davao del Sur

Davao del Sur (Habagatang Dabaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Department of Justice (Philippines)

The Philippine Department of Justice (Kagawaran ng Katarungan, abbreviated as DOJ) is under the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Philippines.

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Digos

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Digos; Lungsod ng Digos), or simply referred to as Digos City, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Dipolog

, officially the, Lungsod ng Dipolog; Chavacano: Ciudad de Dipolog; Subanen: Gembagel G'benwa Dipuleg/Bagbenwa Dipuleg), is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people. Geographically, the city is surrounded by rolling hills to the southeast and the Sulu Sea to the north. Dipolog is known for its wild orchids and its sardine industry which stems from the rich fishing area off its shores. It is known as the "Gateway to Western Mindanao" through the Western Nautical Highway and has also been called the "Bottled Sardines Capital of the Philippines." Dipolog can be reached by plane via Dipolog Airport or by ferry at the nearby Pulauan Port in Dapitan City. The construction of a roll-on/roll-off facility at Barangay Galas will allow for the eventual transfer of the service to Dipolog while retaining inter-island operations at Pulauan, which is soon to become a base port. A popular city attraction is the foreshore Dipolog Boulevard which, though still in its second phase of construction, has become a popular haven for exercise and leisure. It is also the site for various celebrations and festivals in the city. In the third phase of the project, the length of the boulevard will be extended to reach the seaport in Barangay Galas.

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Electoral district

An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Federalism in the Philippines

Federalism in the Philippines (Pederalismo sa Pilipinas) is a proposed form of government in the country.

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Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.

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Filipino language

Filipino (Wikang Filipino), in this usage, refers to the national language (Wikang pambansa/Pambansang wika) of the Philippines.

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Foreign relations of the Philippines

Foreign relations of the Philippines are administered by the President of the Philippines and the Department of Foreign Affairs.

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General Santos

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Heneral Santos; Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Heneral Santos; Lungsod ng Heneral Santos, referred to as General Santos City, and abbreviated as GenSan, is a highly urbanized city in Soccsksargen,. According to the, it has a population of people. Located on the island of Mindanao, it is the southernmost and 15th-most populous city in the Philippines. It is the regional center for commerce and industry of the Soccsksargen region, and is geographically located within the province of South Cotabato but administered independently of it. Formerly known as Dadiangas, city is named after Gen. Paulino Santos, a former Commanding General of the Philippine Army, and the settlement's leading pioneer.

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Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is a Filipino professor and politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010, as the 10th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, as the deputy speaker of the 17th Congress and a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga since 2010.

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Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

This is a list of governors of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Hermogenes Esperon

General Hermogenes Cendaña Esperon Jr., AFP (Ret.) (Philippine Military Academy "Marangal" Class of 1974) retired Filipino Chief of Staff, the highest position in the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP).

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House of Representatives of the Philippines

The House of Representatives of the Philippines (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas), is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines.

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Iligan

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Iligan; Lungsod ng Iligan), or referred to as Iligan City, is a highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao,.

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Iranun language

The Iranun language also Iranon, Illanun is an Austronesian language belonging to the Danao languages spoken in the provinces of Maguindanao and other part of Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte and Cotabato in southern Philippines and the Malaysian state of Sabah.

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Iranun people

The Iranun are a Moro ethnic group native to Mindanao, Philippines, and the west coast of Sabah (in which they are found in 25 villages around the Kota Belud and Lahad Datu districts; also in Kudat and Likas, Kota Kinabalu).

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Isabela, Basilan

, officially the, (Tausūg: Bandar; Chavacano: Ciudad de; name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text in Zamboanga Peninsula,.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in the Philippines

Islam is the oldest recorded monotheistic religion in the Philippines.

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Island groups of the Philippines

The geographical divisions of the Philippines are the three island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

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Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiyah (الجماعة الإسلامية, al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmiyyah, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI) is a Southeast Asian militant extremist Islamist rebel group dedicated to the establishment of an Islamic state in Southeast Asia.

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Jolo, Sulu

, officially the, (Tausūg: Lupah Sūg, Filipino: Bayan ng Holo), is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Judgment (law)

In law, a judgment is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding.

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Kidapawan

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Kidapawan; Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Kidapawan; Lungsod ng Kidapawan) or referred to as Kidapawan City, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Koronadal

, officially the, (Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Koronadal; Dakbayan sa Koronadal; Lungsod ng Koronadal), referred to as Koronadal City, and popularly known as Marbel, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Kulintang

Kulintang is a modern term for an ancient instrumental form of music composed on a row of small, horizontally laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by larger, suspended gongs and drums.

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Lakas–CMD

Lakas–CMD (Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats) is a center-right political party in the Philippines.

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Lakas–CMD (1991)

Lakas–CMD (Lakas ng Tao–Christian Muslim Democrats), popularly known as Lakas, was a political party in the Philippines.

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Lamitan

, officially the, (Tausūg: Bandar; Chavacano: Ciudad de; name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Lanao del Norte

Lanao del Norte (Cebuano: Amihanang Lanao, Maranao: Ranao Pangotaraan), officially the Province of Lanao del Norte, is a province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region.

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Lanao del Sur

Lanao del Sur (Maranao: Ranao Pagabagatan), officially the Province of Lanao del Sur, is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Liberal Party (Philippines)

The Liberal Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas) is a liberal and populist political party in the Philippines, founded by then senators Senate President Manuel Roxas, Senate President Pro-Tempore Elpidio Quirino, and former 9th Senatorial District Senator José Avelino, on January 19, 1946 by a breakaway Liberal wing from the old Nacionalista Party.

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Lumad

The Lumad are a group of non-Muslim indigenous people in the southern Philippines.

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Maguindanao

Maguindanao (Maguindanaon: Dalapa sa Magindanaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Maguindanao language

Maguindanao or Maguindanaon is an Austronesian language spoken by majority of the population of Maguindanao province in the Philippines.

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Maimbung, Sulu

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Maranao language

Maranao is an Austronesian language spoken by the Maranao people in the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur in the Philippines, and in Sabah, Malaysia.

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Maranao people

The Maranao people (Maranao:; Filipino: Mëranaw (based on Papanoka Mera)), also spelled Meranao, Maranaw (based on Marapatik) and Mëranaw, is the term used by the Philippine government to refer to the southern tribe who are the "people of the lake" (Ranao in the Iranaon language), a predominantly-Muslim region of the Philippine island of Mindanao.

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Marawi

Marawi (Maranao: Inged san Marawi; Arabic: مدينة مراوي‎; Lungsod Islamiko ng Marawi) is the capital city of Lanao del Sur province in the Philippines.

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Mindanao

Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.

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Moro conflict

The Moro conflict is an insurgency in the Mindanao region of the Philippines.

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Moro Islamic Liberation Front

The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF; جبهة تحرير مورو الإسلامية Jabhat Taḥrīr Moro al-ʾIslāmiyyah) is a group based in Mindanao, Philippines seeking an autonomous region of the Moro people from the central government.

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Moro National Liberation Front

The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is a political organization in the Philippines that was founded in 1972.

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Moro people

The Moro, also called the Bangsamoro or Bangsa Moro, are the Muslim population of the Philippines, forming the largest non-Catholic group in the country and comprising about 11% (as of the year 2012) of the total Philippine population.

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Moro Rebellion

The Moro Rebellion (1899–1913) was an armed conflict between the Moro people and the United States military during the Philippine-American War.

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Moros during World War II

The Moro Muslims of Mindanao and Sulu took up arms and fought hard against the Japanese invasion and helped defeat the Japanese occupation.

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Mujiv Hataman

Mujiv Sabbihi Hataman is a Filipino politician and current Regional Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

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Municipalities of the Philippines

A municipality (bayan/munisipalidad; banwa; lungsod/munisipalidad; baley; balen/balayan; banwaan; bungto; ili) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Nur Misuari

Nur Misuari (Tausug: Nūr Miswāri, born Nurallaji Pinang Misuari; March 3, 1939) is a Moro revolutionary and politician, founder and leader of the Moro National Liberation Front.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

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Pagadian

, officially the, (Lungsod ng Pagadian; Chavacano: Ciudad de Pagadian), or simply referred to as Pagadian City, is a settlement_text and the capital of the province of,. It is the regional center of Zamboanga Peninsula and the second-largest city in the region, after the independent city of Zamboanga.

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Palawan

Palawan (pron.), officially the Province of Palawan (Cuyonon: Probinsya i'ang Palawan / Paragua; Kapuoran sang Palawan; Lalawigan ng Palawan) is an archipelagic province of the Philippines that is located in the region of MIMAROPA.

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Parang, Maguindanao

Parang is a 1st class municipality in the province of Maguindanao, Philippines.

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Philippine English

Philippine English is any variety of English (similar and related to English) native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos.

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Philippine National Police

The Philippine National Police (Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas, abbreviated PNP) is the armed, civilian national police force in the Philippines.

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Philippine peso

The Philippine peso, also referred to by its Filipino name piso (Philippine English:,, plural pesos; piso; peso; sign: ₱; code: PHP), is the official currency of the Philippines.

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Philippine Spanish

Philippine Spanish (español filipino, castellano filipino) is a variant of standard Spanish spoken in the Philippines mostly by Spanish Filipinos.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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President of the Philippines

The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

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Provinces of the Philippines

The Provinces of the Philippines (Filipino: Mga Lalawigan ng Pilipinas) are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines.

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Puerto Princesa

, officially the, (Cuyonon: Siyudad i'ang Puerto Princesa; Dakbanwa sang Puerto Princesa; Lungsod ng Puerto Princesa; Ciudad de Puerto Princesa), and often referred to as Puerto Princesa City, is a Highly Urbanized City in the.

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Rajah Buayan, Maguindanao

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Regions of the Philippines

In the Philippines, regions (rehiyon), (ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces (lalawigan) of the country for administrative convenience.

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Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Roa Duterte (born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the 16th and current President of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao, the southernmost island of the country to hold the office.

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Sama language

The Sama language, Sinama (Sama + the infix -in-; also known as Bahasa Bajau), is the language of Sama Bajau people of the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines; Sabah, Malaysia and parts of Indonesia.

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Sama-Bajau

The Sama-Bajau refers to several Austronesian ethnic groups of Maritime Southeast Asia with their origins from the southern Philippines.

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Sarangani

Sarangani, or Saraŋgani (Lalawigan sa Sarangani), is a province in the Philippines located in the Soccsksargen region.

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Sema vs. COMELEC

Sema vs.

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Senate of the Philippines

The Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Senado ng Pilipinas, also Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or "upper chamber") is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress; the House of Representatives is the lower house.

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Sharia

Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

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Shariff Kabunsuan

Shariff Kabunsuan was a short-lived province of the Philippines within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) that existed from 2006 to 2008.

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Soccsksargen

Soccsksargen (officially styled as SOCCSKSARGEN) (pronounced), formerly known simply as Cotabato or Kota Bato, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao.

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South Cotabato

South Cotabato, officially the Province of South Cotabato (Bagatnan nga Kotabato; Habagatang Kotabato; Maguindanaon: Kuta Wato Saut), is a province in the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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Spanish–American War

The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.

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Spanish–Moro conflict

The Spanish–Moro Conflict (Filipino: Sagupaang Espanyol-Moro) was a series of wars lasting over several centuries from the beginning of Spanish colonization of the Philippines, to the Spanish–American War when Spain finally began to subjugate Moroland after centuries of failing to do so.

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Sultan

Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.

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Sultan Kudarat

Sultan Kudarat (Kapuoran sang Sultan Kudarat; Probinsya kang Sultan Kudarat; Lalawigan sa Sultan Kudarat; Maguindanaon: Dalapa sa Sultan Kudarat) is a province in the Philippines located in the Soccsksargen region in Mindanao.

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Sultanate of Maguindanao

The Sultanate of Maguindanao (Maguindanaoan: Kasultanan sa Magindanaw; Jawi: كسولتانن ماڬوايندنااو; Filipino: Kasultanan ng Maguindanao; Malay: Kesultanan Maguindanaw; سلطنة ماجوينداناو) was a Sultanate state that ruled parts of the island of Mindanao, in southern Philippines, especially in modern-day Maguindanao province and Davao City.

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Sultanate of Sulu

The Sultanate of Sulu (Tausūg: Kasultanan sin Sūg, Jawi: کسلطانن سولو دار الإسلام, Kesultanan Sulu, سلطنة سولك) was a Muslim state that ruled the islands in the Sulu Archipelago, parts of Mindanao, certain portions of Palawan and north-eastern Borneo (present-day the certain parts of Sabah and North Kalimantan).

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Sulu

Sulu (Tausūg: ولايا سين سوگ, Wilāya sin Sūg) is a province of the Philippines in the Sulu Archipelago and part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Supreme Court of the Philippines

The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas; colloquially referred to as Korte Suprema) is the highest court in the Philippines.

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Suzerainty

Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).

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Tacurong

, officially the, (Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Tacurong; Dakbayan sa Tacurong; Lungsod ng Tacurong), and referred to as Tacurong City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Tagalog language

Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.

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Taraka, Lanao del Sur

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Tausug language

Tausug (Tausug: Bahasa Sūg, Bahasa Suluk) is a regional language spoken in the province of Sulu in the Philippines, in the eastern area of the state of Sabah, Malaysia, and in North Kalimantan, Indonesia by the Tausūg people.

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Tawi-Tawi

Tawi-Tawi (Tausug: Wilāya sin Tawi-Tawi) is an island province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Tboli people

The Tboli people are one of the indigenous peoples of South Cotabato in Southern Mindanao.

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Tiruray language

Tiruray is an Austronesian language of the southern Philippines.

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Unicameralism

In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yakan language

Yakan is a language of Basilan Island in the Philippines.

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Yakan people

The Yakan people are among the major indigenous Filipino ethnolinguistic groups in the Sulu Archipelago.

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Zacaria Candao

Datu Zacaria A. Candao is a Filipino politician who served as the first governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Zaldy Ampatuan

Zaldy Uy Ampatuan (born August 22, 1967), is a Filipino politician and was governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao from August 8, 2005 until his expulsion on November 25, 2009.

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Zamboanga City

, officially the, (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga, Lungsod ng Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula,.

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Zamboanga del Norte

Zamboanga del Norte, officially the Province of Zamboanga del Norte Subanon: Utara Sembwangan, Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga del Norte), is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west. Zamboanga del Norte is the largest province of the Zamboanga Peninsula region by land area covering. Zamboanga del Norte is the 26th populous province in the Philippines.

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Zamboanga del Sur

Zamboanga del Sur; Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga del Sur; Subanen: S'helatan Sembwangan/Sembwangan dapit Shelatan; Iranun: Pagabagatan a Diambangan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is the city of Pagadian. Grouped with Zamboanga del Sur is the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga, which is governed independently from the province. The province borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga Sibugay to the west, Misamis Occidental to the northeast, and Lanao del Norte to the east. To the south is the Moro Gulf.

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Zamboanga Sibugay

Zamboanga Sibugay (Lalawigan sa Zamboanga Sibugay, Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga Sibugay) is a province in the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao.

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Redirects here:

Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao, Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Autonomous Region on Muslim Mindanao, Autonomous region in muslim mindanao, Muslim Mindanao, Nagsasariling Rehiyon ng Muslim sa Mindanaw, The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Region_in_Muslim_Mindanao

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