145 relations: Accident, Afterlife, Alexandria, Anatomical pathology, Anatomy, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Aorta, Assassination of Julius Caesar, Biopsy, Birthmark, Bleeding, Blood pressure, Blood vessel, Body bag, Body identification, Brain, Bronchus, Bullet, Cadaver, Carl von Rokitansky, Cart, Cause of death, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Clifton D. Bryant, Coroner, Dangerous goods, Death, Death by misadventure, Death by natural causes, Death certificate, Declared death in absentia, Department for Constitutional Affairs, Diagnosis, Dictation machine, Diener, Disease, Dissection, Drowning, Editing, Embalming, England and Wales, Erasistratus, Ethnic group, Evidence, Eye color, Forensic anthropology, Forensic facial reconstruction, Forensic identification, ..., Forensic science, Formaldehyde, Funeral, Funeral home, Galen, Genetic testing, George D. Lundberg, German language, Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Gravity, Gunshot residue, Hair, Herophilos, Histology, Homicide, Human hair color, Human Tissue Act 2004, Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Zuhr, In situ, Infection, Inferior vena cava, Injury, Inquests in England and Wales, Islam, JAMA (journal), Judaism, Julius Caesar, Lung, Major trauma, Medical diagnosis, Medical error, Medical examiner, Medical test, Medical University of Vienna, Medicine, Meta-analysis, Misaskim, Molecular autopsy, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Mummy, Murder, Murder book, Myocardial infarction, Nail (anatomy), Nevus, Next of kin, Organ (anatomy), Pathology, Pericardium, Photography, Physical examination, Poison, Procurator fiscal, Pubis (bone), Pulmonary artery, Rembrandt, Renaissance, Root of the lung, Rudolf Virchow, Scalp, Scar, Sex, Shroud, Skull, Spinal cord, Sterilization (microbiology), Sternum, Stomach, Strangling, Suicide, Superior vena cava, Systematic review, Tattoo, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, The dose makes the poison, Thoracic cavity, Thorax, Tissue (biology), Torso, Toxicology, Ultraviolet, United States, University of Leicester, Unnatural death, Veterinary medicine, Veterinary physician, Virtopsy, Vivisection, Water, Weighing scale, Western world, Wound, X-ray, ZAKA. Expand index (95 more) » « Shrink index
An accident, also known as an unintentional injury, is an undesirable, incidental, and unplanned event that could have been prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Anatomical pathology (Commonwealth) or Anatomic pathology (U.S.) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs and tissues.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries (the common iliac arteries).
The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by many Roman senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, and Marcus Junius Brutus.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
A birthmark is a congenital, benign irregularity on the skin which is present at birth or appears shortly after birth, usually in the first month.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
A body bag, also known as a cadaver pouch or human remains pouch (HRP), is a non-porous bag designed to contain a human body, used for the storage and transportation of corpses.
Body identification is a subfield of forensic science wherein investigators need to identify a body.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
A bronchus, is a passage of airway in the respiratory system that conducts air into the lungs.
A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.
A cadaver, also referred to as a corpse (singular) in medical, literary, and legal usage, or when intended for dissection, is a deceased body.
Baron Carl von Rokitansky (Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Karel Rokytanský) (19 February 1804 – 23 July 1878), was a Bohemian Physician, Pathologist, humanist philosopher and liberal politician.
A cart is a vehicle designed for transport, using two wheels and normally pulled by one or a pair of draught animals.
In law, medicine, and statistics, cause of death is a term which refers to an official determination of conditions resulting in a human's death.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Clifton D. Bryant (December 25, 1932 – Blacksburg, Virginia, September 13, 2010) was an American sociologist and Professor of Sociology at Virginia Tech, College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences.
A coroner is a person whose standard role is to confirm and certify the death of an individual within a jurisdiction.
Dangerous goods or hazardous goods are solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
A death by misadventure, as recorded by coroners and on death certificates and associated documents, is one that is primarily attributed to an accident that occurred due to a dangerous risk that was taken voluntarily.
A death by natural causes, as recorded by coroners and on death certificates and associated documents, is the end result of an illness or an internal malfunction of the body not directly caused by external forces, typically due to old age.
The phrase death certificate can refer either to a document issued by a medical practitioner certifying the deceased state of a person or, popularly, to a document issued by a person such as a registrar of vital statistics that declares the date, location and cause of a person's death as later entered in an official register of deaths.
A person may be legally declared death in absentia or legal presumption of death despite the absence of direct proof of the person's death, such as the finding of remains (e.g., a corpse or skeleton) attributable to that person.
The Department for Constitutional Affairs (DCA) was a United Kingdom government department.
Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
A dictation machine is a sound recording device most commonly used to record speech for later playback or to be typed into print.
A diener is a morgue worker responsible for handling, moving, and cleaning the corpse (though, at some institutions, dieners perform the entire dissection at autopsy).
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Dissection (from Latin dissecare "to cut to pieces"; also called anatomization) is the dismembering of the body of a deceased animal or plant to study its anatomical structure.
Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid.
Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information.
Embalming is the art and science of preserving human remains by treating them (in its modern form with chemicals) to forestall decomposition.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
Erasistratus (Ἐρασίστρατος; c. 304 – c. 250 BC) was a Greek anatomist and royal physician under Seleucus I Nicator of Syria.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.
Eye color is a polygenic phenotypic character determined by two distinct factors: the pigmentation of the eye's iris and the frequency-dependence of the scattering of light by the turbid medium in the stroma of the iris.
Forensic anthropology is the application of the anatomical science of anthropology and its various subfields, including forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy, in a legal setting.
Forensic facial reconstruction (or forensic facial approximation) is the process of recreating the face of an individual (whose identity is often not known) from their skeletal remains through an amalgamation of artistry, anthropology, osteology, and anatomy.
Forensic identification is the application of forensic science, or "forensics", and technology to identify specific objects from the trace evidence they leave, often at a crime scene or the scene of an accident.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
A funeral is a ceremony connected with the burial, cremation, or interment of a corpse, or the burial (or equivalent) with the attendant observances.
A funeral home, funeral parlor or mortuary, is a business that provides interment and funeral services for the dead and their families.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
Genetic testing, also known as DNA testing, allows the determination of bloodlines and the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases.
George D. Lundberg is an American board-certified pathologist and, from February 1999 to January 2009, editor of Medscape.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Giovanni Battister Morgagni (25 February 1682 – 6 December 1771) was an Italian anatomist, generally regarded as the father of modern anatomical pathology, who taught thousands of medical students from many countries during his 56 years as Professor of Anatomy at the University of Padua.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
Gunshot residue (GSR), also known as cartridge discharge residue (CDR), "gunfire residue" (GFR), or firearm discharge residue (FDR), is residue deposited on the hands and clothes of someone who discharges a firearm.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
Herophilos (Ἡρόφιλος; 335–280 BC), sometimes Latinised Herophilus, was a Greek physician deemed to be the first anatomist.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
Hair color is the pigmentation of hair follicles due to two types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin.
The Human Tissue Act 2004 (c 30) was an act of the UK parliament applying to England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi (Arabic: علاء الدين أبو الحسن عليّ بن أبي حزم القرشي الدمشقي), known as Ibn al-Nafis (Arabic: ابن النفيس), was an Arab physician mostly famous for being the first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood.
Ibn Zuhr (ابن زهر; 1094–1162), traditionally known by his Latinized name of Avenzoar, was an Arab physician, surgeon, and poet.
In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
The inferior vena cava (or IVC) is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the lower and middle body into the right atrium of the heart.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Inquests in England and Wales are held into sudden and unexplained deaths and also into the circumstances of discovery of a certain class of valuable artefacts known as "treasure trove".
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Major trauma is any injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.
A medical examiner is a person trained in medicine or a medical organization that investigates deaths and injuries that occur under unusual or suspicious circumstances, to perform post-mortem examinations, and in some jurisdictions to initiate inquests.
A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.
The Medical University of Vienna (German: Medizinische Universität Wien) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
Misaskim (מתעסקים‎ Mit'asḳim, attendants, a term used for members of a Chevra Kadisha (Jewish burial society); pronounced Misaskim in Ashkenazi Hebrew) is an American Orthodox Jewish not-for-profit organization founded in 2004Misaskim's mission is to alleviate tragedy with compassion, coordinate crisis with expertise, and provide a multi-faceted array of services for the bereaved.
Molecular autopsy or postmortem molecular testing is a set of molecular techniques used in forensic medicine to attempt to determine the cause of death in unexplained cases, in particular sudden unexplained deaths (for example sudden cardiac death).
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report is a weekly epidemiological digest for the United States published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
In law enforcement parlance, the term murder book refers to the case file of a murder investigation.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
Nevus (or nevi if multiple) is a nonspecific medical term for a visible, circumscribed, chronic lesion of the skin or mucosa.
A person's next of kin (NOK) is that person's closest living blood relative or relatives.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
The pericardium is a double-walled sac containing the heart and the roots of the great vessels.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.
A procurator fiscal (pl. procurators fiscal), sometimes called PF or fiscal, is a public prosecutor in Scotland (who, despite the title, has little to do with fiscal issues).
In vertebrates, the pubic bone is the ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.
A pulmonary artery is an artery in the pulmonary circulation that carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The root of the lung is located at the hilum of each lung, just above the middle of the mediastinal surface and behind the cardiac impression of the lung.
Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow (13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German physician, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health.
The scalp is the anatomical area bordered by the face at the front, and by the neck at the sides and back.
A scar is an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after an injury.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
Shroud usually refers to an item, such as a cloth, that covers or protects some other object.
The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
Sterilization (or sterilisation) refers to any process that eliminates, removes, kills, or deactivates all forms of life and other biological agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spore forms, prions, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.) present in a specified region, such as a surface, a volume of fluid, medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media.
The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the center of the chest.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
The superior vena cava (SVC) is the superior of the two venae cavae, the great venous trunks that return deoxygenated blood from the systemic circulation to the right atrium of the heart.
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment.
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr.
"The dose makes the poison" (sola dosis facit venenum) is an adage intended to indicate a basic principle of toxicology.
The thoracic cavity (or chest cavity) is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall (rib cage and associated skin, muscle, and fascia).
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
The torso or trunk is an anatomical term for the central part of the many animal bodies (including that of the human) from which extend the neck and limbs.
Toxicology is a discipline, overlapping with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Leicester is a public research university based in Leicester, England.
Unnatural death is a category used by coroners or medical examiners and vital statistics specialists for classifying all human deaths not properly describable as death by natural causes.
Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.
A veterinary physician, usually called a vet, which is shortened from veterinarian (American English) or veterinary surgeon (British English), is a professional who practices veterinary medicine by treating diseases, disorders, and injuries in animals.
Virtopsy is a virtual alternative to a traditional autopsy, conducted with scanning and imaging technology.
Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Weighing scales (or weigh scales or scales) are devices to measure weight.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
ZAKA (זק"א, abbreviation for Zihuy Korbanot Ason, Hebrew: זיהוי קרבנות אסון, literally: "Disaster Victim Identification"), is a series of voluntary community emergency response teams in Israel, each operating in a police district (two in the Central District due to geographic considerations).
Autopsies, Autopsy (2006 film), Autospy, Judicial autopsy, Manner of death, Necropsies, Necropsy, Post mortem, Post mortum, Post-Mortem, Post-mortem, Post-mortem examination, Postmortem, Postmortem analysis, Postmortem autopsy, Postmortem examination, Postmortem investigation.