112 relations: ACARS, Acronyms and abbreviations in avionics, Air traffic control, Airband, Airborne early warning and control, Airbus A380, Aircraft Data Network, Aircraft flight control system, Airliner, Alternating current, Amplitude modulation, Anti-submarine warfare, ARINC, ARINC 429, ARINC 629, ARINC 708, ARINC 717, Automatic dependent surveillance – broadcast, Autopilot, Avidyne Corporation, Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet, Avionics software, Bendix Aviation, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Bowman (communications system), Business jet, CAN bus, Cathode ray tube, Clear-air turbulence, Cockpit, Controlled flight into terrain, Course (navigation), Cryptography, Direct current, Electronic counter-countermeasure, Electronics, Emergency locator beacon, Emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station, Federal Aviation Administration, Flight recorder, Fly-by-wire, Forward-looking infrared, Fourth-generation jet fighter, Garmin, GE Aviation Systems, General aviation, Glass cockpit, Global Positioning System, Ground proximity warning system, Grumman F-14 Tomcat, ..., Gulfstream Aerospace, Head-up display, Health and usage monitoring systems, Helicopter, Honeywell Aerospace, India, Infra-red search and track, Instrument meteorological conditions, Integrated modular avionics, Joint Planning and Development Office, Joint Tactical Radio System, Lawrence Sperry, Lightning detection, Link 16, Link 22, LORAN, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, MIL-STD-1553, MIL-STD-1760, MIL-STD-6011, Military aircraft, Navigational aid, NEXRAD, Next Generation Air Transportation System, Orion (spacecraft), Panasonic Avionics Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Passive infrared sensor, Philip J. Klass, Police aviation, Portmanteau, Radar, Radio navigation, Raytheon, Reginald Victor Jones, Retrofitting, Rockwell Collins, Satellite, Searchlight, Simplex communication, Single European Sky ATM Research, Skeptical Inquirer, Sonobuoy, Spacecraft, Target acquisition, Terrain awareness and warning system, Terrain-following radar, Terrestrial Trunked Radio, Thales Group, Thrust, Time-Triggered Protocol, Traffic collision avoidance system, Transponder, TTEthernet, Ultra high frequency, Universal Avionics, UTC Aerospace Systems, Very high frequency, VHF omnidirectional range, Weather radar, Wide Area Augmentation System, Wind shear. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
In aviation, ACARS (an acronym for aircraft communications addressing and reporting system) is a digital datalink system for transmission of short messages between aircraft and ground stations via airband radio or satellite.
This is a list of the acronyms and abbreviations used in avionics.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
Airband or aircraft band is the name for a group of frequencies in the VHF radio spectrum allocated to radio communication in civil aviation, sometimes also referred to as VHF, or phonetically as "Victor".
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
Aircraft Data Network (ADN) is a concept introduced by the Airlines Electronics Engineering Committee (AEEC) in the ARINC 664 Specification.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.
Amplitude modulation (AM) is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave.
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.
Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC), established in 1929, is a major provider of transport communications and systems engineering solutions for eight industries: aviation, airports, defense, government, healthcare, networks, security, and transportation.
ARINC 429, "Mark33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS)," is also known as the Aeronautical Radio INC.
The ARINC 629 computer bus was introduced in May 1995 and is used on the Boeing 777, and Airbus aircraft.
ARINC 708 is a specification for airborne pulse Doppler weather radar systems primarily found on commercial aircraft.
ARINC 717 defines a digital flight data recorder, with its inputs and outputs.
Automatic dependent surveillance — broadcast (ADS–B) is a surveillance technology in which an aircraft determines its position via satellite navigation and periodically broadcasts it, enabling it to be tracked.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
Avidyne Corporation is an avionics company based in Melbourne, Florida.
Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX) is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus, for safety-critical applications that utilizes dedicated bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service (QoS).
Avionics software is embedded software with legally mandated safety and reliability concerns used in avionics.
The Bendix Aviation Corporation was a manufacturer of aircraft parts based from 1929 to 1960 in Los Angeles, California.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
Bowman is the name of the tactical communications system used by the British Armed Forces.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
A Controller Area Network (CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
Clear-air turbulence (CAT) is the turbulent movement of air masses in the absence of any visual clues, such as clouds, and is caused when bodies of air moving at widely different speeds meet.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
A controlled flight into terrain (CFIT, usually pronounced cee-fit) is an accident in which an airworthy aircraft, under pilot control, is unintentionally flown into the ground, a mountain, a body of water or an obstacle.
In navigation, a vessel's or aircraft's course is the cardinal direction along which the vessel or aircraft is to be steered.
Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.
Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.
Electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) is a part of electronic warfare which includes a variety of practices which attempt to reduce or eliminate the effect of electronic countermeasures (ECM) on electronic sensors aboard vehicles, ships and aircraft and weapons such as missiles.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
An Emergency locator beacon is a radio-frequency beacon used to locate airplanes, vessels, and persons in distress and in need of immediate rescue.
An emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station is a distress radiobeacon, a tracking transmitter that is triggered during an accident.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents.
Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.
Forward-looking infrared (FLIR) cameras, typically used on military and civilian aircraft, use a thermographic camera that senses infrared radiation.
Fourth-generation jet fighter is a general classification of jet fighters in service from approximately 1980 to the present and represent design concepts of the 1970s.
Garmin Ltd. (shortened to Garmin, stylized as GARMIN, and formerly known as ProNav) is an American multinational technology company founded by Gary Burrell and Min Kao in 1989 in Lenexa, Kansas, United States, with headquarters located in Olathe, Kansas.
GE Aviation Systems (formerly Smiths Aerospace).
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
A Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) is a system designed to alert pilots if their aircraft is in immediate danger of flying into the ground or an obstacle.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is an American wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics.
A head-up display or heads-up display, also known as a HUD, is any transparent display that presents data without requiring users to look away from their usual viewpoints.
Health and usage monitoring systems (HUMS) is a generic term given to activities that utilize data collection and analysis techniques to help ensure availability, reliability and safety of vehicles.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Honeywell Aerospace is a manufacturer of aircraft engines and avionics, as well as a producer of auxiliary power units (APUs) and other aviation products.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An infrared search and track (IRST) system (sometimes known as infrared sighting and tracking) is a method for detecting and tracking objects which give off infrared radiation (see Infrared signature) such as jet aircraft and helicopters.
Instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) is an aviation flight category that describes weather conditions that require pilots to fly primarily by reference to instruments, and therefore under instrument flight rules (IFR), rather than by outside visual references under visual flight rules (VFR).
Integrated modular avionics (IMA) are real-time computer network airborne systems.
The United States Congress established the Joint Planning and Development Office (JPDO) in 2003 to plan and coordinate the development of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen).
The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) aimed to replace existing radios in the American military with a single set of software-defined radios that could have new frequencies and modes (“waveforms”) added via upload, instead of requiring multiple radio types in ground vehicles, and using circuit board swaps in order to upgrade.
Lawrence Burst Sperry (21 December 1892, Chicago, Illinois, United States – December 13, 1923, English Channel) was an aviation pioneer.
A lightning detector is a device that detects lightning produced by thunderstorms.
Link 16 is a military tactical data exchange network used by NATO and nations allowed by the MIDS International Program Office (IPO).
Link 22 is a secure digital radio link in the HF and UHF bands, primarily used by military forces as a tactical data link.
LORAN, short for long range navigation, was a hyperbolic radio navigation system developed in the United States during World War II.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
MIL-STD-1553 is a military standard published by the United States Department of Defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus.
MIL-STD-1760 Aircraft/Store Electrical Interconnection System defines a standardized electrical interface between a military aircraft and its carriage stores.
TADIL-A/Link 11 is a secure half-duplex TADIL radio link used by NATO that receives or transmits—but not both simultaneously—a sequential data exchange digital link.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
A navigational aid (also known as aid to navigation, ATON, or navaid) is any sort of marker which aids the traveler in navigation, usually nautical or aviation travel.
NEXRAD or Nexrad (Next-Generation Radar) is a network of 159 high-resolution S-band Doppler weather radars operated by the National Weather Service (NWS), an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the United States Department of Commerce, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) within the Department of Transportation, and the U.S. Air Force within the Department of Defense.
The Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) is an ongoing multibillion-dollar modernization of the National Airspace System (NAS).
The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) is an American interplanetary spacecraft intended to carry a crew of four astronauts to destinations at or beyond low Earth orbit (LEO).
Panasonic Avionics Corporation (PAC) designs, engineers, manufactures, sells and installs customized in-flight entertainment and communications solutions to airlines worldwide.
Parker Hannifin Corporation, originally Parker Appliance Company, usually referred to as just Parker, is an American corporation specializing in motion and control technologies.
A passive infrared sensor (PIR sensor) is an electronic sensor that measures infrared (IR) light radiating from objects in its field of view.
Philip Julian Klass (November 8, 1919 – August 9, 2005) was an American journalist, and UFO researcher, known for his skepticism regarding UFOs.
Police aviation is the use of rotary-wing aircraft, fixed-wing aircraft, nonrigid-wing aircraft or lighter-than-air aircraft in police operations.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Radio navigation or radionavigation is the application of radio frequencies to determine a position of an object on the Earth.
The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.
Reginald Victor Jones, FRSE, LLD (29 September 1911 – 17 December 1997) was a British physicist and scientific military intelligence expert who played an important role in the defence of Britain in.
Retrofitting refers to the addition of new technology or features to older systems.
Rockwell Collins, Inc. is an American multinational company headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa providing avionics and information technology systems and services to governmental agencies and aircraft manufacturers.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
A searchlight (or spotlight) is an apparatus that combines an extremely luminous source (traditionally a carbon arc lamp) with a mirrored parabolic reflector to project a powerful beam of light of approximately parallel rays in a particular direction, usually constructed so that it can be swiveled about.
Simplex communication is a communication channel that sends information in one direction only.
Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) is a collaborative project to completely overhaul European airspace and its air traffic management (ATM).
Skeptical Inquirer is a bimonthly American magazine published by the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) with the subtitle: The Magazine for Science and Reason.
A sonobuoy (a portmanteau of sonar and buoy) is a relatively small buoy (typically, in diameter and long) expendable sonar system that is dropped/ejected from aircraft or ships conducting anti-submarine warfare or underwater acoustic research.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
Target acquisition is the detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit the effective employment of lethal and non-lethal means.
In aviation, a terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) is generally an on-board system aimed at preventing unintentional impacts with the ground, termed "controlled flight into terrain" accidents, or CFIT.
Terrain-following radar (TFR) is an aerospace technology that allows a very-low-flying aircraft to automatically maintain a relatively constant altitude above ground level.
Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA; formerly known as Trans-European Trunked Radio), a European standard for a trunked radio system, is a professional mobile radio and two-way transceiver specification.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
The Time-Triggered Protocol (TTP) is an open computer network protocol for control systems.
A traffic collision avoidance system or traffic alert and collision avoidance system (both abbreviated as TCAS, and pronounced "tee-kas") is an aircraft collision avoidance system designed to reduce the incidence of mid-air collisions between aircraft.
In telecommunication, a transponder can be one of two types of devices.
The Time-Triggered Ethernet (SAE AS6802) standard defines a fault-tolerant synchronization strategy for building and maintaining synchronized time in Ethernet networks, and outlines mechanisms required for synchronous time-triggered packet switching for critical integrated applications, IMA and integrated modular architectures.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.
Universal Avionics Systems Corporation is an international company headquartered in Tucson, Arizona in the United States.
UTC Aerospace Systems (UTAS) is one of the world’s largest suppliers of aerospace and defence products, headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
Very High Frequency (VHF) Omni-Directional Range (VOR) is a type of short-range radio navigation system for aircraft, enabling aircraft with a receiving unit to determine their position and stay on course by receiving radio signals transmitted by a network of fixed ground radio beacons.
Weather radar, also called weather surveillance radar (WSR) and Doppler weather radar, is a type of radar used to locate precipitation, calculate its motion, and estimate its type (rain, snow, hail etc.). Modern weather radars are mostly pulse-Doppler radars, capable of detecting the motion of rain droplets in addition to the intensity of the precipitation.
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is an air navigation aid developed by the Federal Aviation Administration to augment the Global Positioning System (GPS), with the goal of improving its accuracy, integrity, and availability.
Wind shear (or windshear), sometimes referred to as wind gradient, is a difference in wind speed and/or direction over a relatively short distance in the atmosphere.