184 relations: Abhinandananatha, Ahilyabai Holkar, Ain-i-Akbari, Ajitanatha, Akhilesh Yadav, Alexander Cunningham, Allahabad, Allahabad Airport, Anantanatha, Archaeological Survey of India, Arun Jaitley, Arun Shourie, Ashoka, Ashvamedha, Atharvaveda, Aurangzeb, Awadh, Awadhi language, Ayodhya, Ayodhya dispute, Ayodhya Inscription of Dhana, Ayodhya Junction railway station, Ayodhya Municipal Corporation, Ādi purāṇa, Babri Masjid, Babur, Baburnama, Bhagwan Singh Josh, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bhāsa, Bipan Chandra, Brahmanda Purana, Brahmin, British Raj, Buddhaghoṣa, Buddhism, Census, Chaitra, Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Dasharatha, Datta dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, Demolition of the Babri Masjid, Deva dynasty (Saketa), Dwijdeo Mishra, Faizabad, Faizabad Airport, Faizabad district, Faizabad Junction railway station, Faxian, ..., Gahadavala, Ganges, Garuda Purana, Ghaghara, Gimhae, Gonda, Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur, Gotra, Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, Gupta Empire, Gyanendra Pandey (historian), Hans T. Bakker, Hanuman, Hanumangarhi, Harbans Mukhia, Haridwar, Heo Hwang-ok, High Court, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu nationalism, Hindu temple, History of India, Huns, Ikshvaku, Ikshvaku dynasty, Il-yeon, India, Indian English, Indian Standard Time, International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, Jainism, Janakpur, Nepal, Jataka tales, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jhansi, K. N. Panikkar, Kaikeyi, Kanchipuram, Kanishka, Kannauj, Kashyapa, Kālidāsa, Kishore Kunal, Kosala, Kosambi, Kumaragupta I, Kusha (Ramayana), Kushan Empire, Kushinagar, Lucknow, Madhavan K. Palat, Maha Shivaratri, Mahabharata, Manu (Hinduism), Mathura, Maurya Empire, Mayor–council government, Memorial of Heo Hwang-ok, Ayodhya, Metropolis, Mridula Mukherjee, Mughal Empire, Muzaffar Alam, Nawab of Awadh, Nelumbo nucifera, Nirmohi Akhara, Panchala, Pasenadi, Pataliputra, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (city), Pinyin, Postal Index Number, Puranas, Purvanchal, Pushyamitra Shunga, R. Champakalakshmi, Raghuvaṃśa, Raja, Rajan Gurukkal, Ram Janmabhoomi, Ram Lalla Temple, Rama, Rama Navami, Ramanandi Sampradaya, Ramayana, Right-wing politics, Rishabhanatha, Romila Thapar, Saadat Ali Khan II, Saket, Samguk yusa, Samyutta Nikaya, Sanskrit, Sapta Puri, Sarayu, Sarvepalli Gopal, Shia Islam, Shravasti, Shunga Empire, Sita, Skandagupta, South Korea, Sumatinatha, Sunni Islam, Suro of Geumgwan Gaya, Suryavansha, Swapan Dasgupta, Taluqdar, The Financial Express (India), The Imperial Gazetteer of India, The Indian Express, The Times of India, Tirtha (Hinduism), Tirthankara, Treta Yuga, Tulsidas, Ujjain, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Urdu, Uttar Pradesh, Vaishnavism, Vaman Shivram Apte, Varanasi, Vihara, Vikramaditya, Vishnu, Vishnu Hari inscription, Vishva Hindu Parishad, William Hodges, Xuanzang, Yamuna, Yogyakarta, Yuezhi, 2005 Ram Janmabhoomi attack. Expand index (134 more) » « Shrink index
Abhinandananatha or Abhinandana Swami was the fourth Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini).
Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar (31 May 1725 – 13 August 1795) was the Holkar Queen of the Maratha Malwa kingdom, India.
The Ain-i-Akbari (آئینِ اکبری) or the "Constitution of Akbar", is a 16th-century, detailed document recording the administration of emperor Akbar's empire, written by his vizier, Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak.
Ajitnatha (lit. invincible) was the second tirthankara of the present age, avasarpini (half time cycle) according to Jainism.
Akhilesh Yadav (born 1 July 1973) is an Indian politician and the current President of the Samajwadi Party.
Sir Alexander Cunningham (23 January 1814 – 28 November 1893) was a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India.
Prayag, or Allahabad is a large metropolitan city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India, and the Allahabad Division.
Allahabad Airport or Bamrauli Airport is located at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Anantanatha was the fourteenth Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini) of Jainism.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is a Government of India (Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
Arun Jaitley (born 28 December 1952) is an Indian politician and legal advocate, who is the Finance Minister and Minister of Corporate Affairs under Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Arun Shourie (born 2 November 1941) is an Indian economist, journalist, author and politician.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
The Ashvamedha (Sanskrit: अश्वमेध aśvamedhá) is a horse sacrifice ritual followed by the Śrauta tradition of Vedic religion.
The Atharva Veda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, from and veda, meaning "knowledge") is the "knowledge storehouse of atharvāṇas, the procedures for everyday life".
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
Awadh (Hindi: अवध, اوَدھ),, known in British historical texts as Avadh or Oudh, is a region in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (before independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh) and a small area of Nepal's Province No. 5.
Awadhi (Devanagari: अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
The Ayodhya dispute is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, located in Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh.
Ayodhya Inscription of Dhana is a stone inscription related to a Hindu king named Dhana or Dhana–deva of the 1st-century BCE.
Ayodhya Junction railway station is a railway junction station in Northern India and is well connected with Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Gonda and Gorakhpur.
The Ayodhya Municipal Corporation is the governing body of the city of Ayodhya & Faizabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Ādi purāṇa is a 9th century Sanskrit poem composed by Jinasena, a Digambara monk.
The Babri Masjid (translation: Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India.
Bāburnāma (Chagatai/بابر نامہ;´, literally: "Book of Babur" or "Letters of Babur"; alternatively known as Tuzk-e Babri) is the name given to the memoirs of Ẓahīr-ud-Dīn Muhammad Bābur (1483–1530), founder of the Mughal Empire and a great-great-great-grandson of Timur.
Bhagwan Singh Josh (born 1949) is an Indian historian, specialising in social and political history of modern India.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Bhāsa is one of the earliest and most celebrated Indian playwrights in Sanskrit.
Bipan Chandra (27 May 1928 – 30 August 2014) was an Indian historian, specialising in economic and political history of modern India.
The Brahmanda Purana (ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण)(r.c.9.hulk) is a Sanskrit text and one of the eighteen major Puranas, a genre of Hindu texts.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhaghoṣa (พระพุทธโฆษาจารย์) was a 5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator and scholar.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
Chaitra is a month of the Hindu calendar.
Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport is an airport serving Lucknow, the capital of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Dasharatha (Sanskrit: दशरथ, IAST Daśaratha) was a descendant of the Raghuvansha-Ikshvaku-Suryavansha dynasty and the Maharaja of Ayodhya as mentioned in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana.
The Datta dynasty is a dynasty of ruler who flourished in the northern India in the areas of Mathura and Ayodhya around the 1st century BCE – 1st century CE.
The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).
On 6 December 1992, a large crowd of Hindu Kar Sevaks (activists) demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh.
The Deva dynasty of Saketa, was a dynasty of kings who ruled in the area of the city of Ayodhya, Kosala, in India from the 2nd century BCE until the end of 1st century BCE.
Dwijdeo Mishra was the first king of the Mishra dynasty of the Ayodhya, the last royal rulers of Ram Rajya.
Faizabad is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, and forms a municipal corporation with Ayodhya.
Faizabad Airport is an airport in Faizabad city between the NH 27 and NH 330 at Sultanpur Naaka in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Faizabad district is one of the 71 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.
Faizabad Junction railway station is a junction railway station in Northern India and is well connected with Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Kamakhya, Dibrugarh, Ahmedabad, Rameshwaram, Nagpur, Amritsar, Gorakhpur and jalgaon, Jhansi, ahmedabad, indore, Bhopal, Allahabad.
Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.
The Gahadavala (IAST: Gāhaḍavāla) dynasty ruled parts of the present-day Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India during 11th and 12th centuries.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
The Garuda Purana is one of eighteen Mahāpurāṇa genre of texts in Hinduism.
Ghaghara, also called Karnali (घाघरा; Ghāghrā; कर्णाली; Karṇālī; 加格拉河; Jiāgélāhé) is a perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.
Gimhae, also commonly spelled Kimhae, is a city in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.
Gonda is a city and municipal board of Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Gorakhpur is a city located along the banks of Rapti river in the north-eastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with a population of 673,446.
In Hindu society, the term gotra (Sanskrit: गोत्र) is commonly considered to be equivalent to clan.
The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom was – along with the Indo-Greek Kingdom – the easternmost part of the Hellenistic world, covering Bactria and Sogdiana in Central Asia from 250 to 125 BC.
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.
Gyanendra Pandey (born 1949) is a historian and a founding member of the Subaltern Studies project.
Hans T. Bakker (born 1948) is a cultural historian and Indologist, currently working as researcher in Beyond Boundaries: Religion, Region, Language and the State, a project based in the British Museum that is funded by the European Research Council.
Hanuman (IAST: Hanumān, Sanskrit: हनुमान्) is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama and one of the central characters in the various versions of the epic Ramayana found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Hanumangarhi is a temple of Lord Hanuman in Ayodhya.
Harbans Mukhia (born 1939) is an Indian historian whose principal area of study is medieval India.
Haridwar (pron:ˈ), also spelled Hardwar, is an ancient city and municipality in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.
Heo Hwang-ok is a legendary queen mentioned in Samguk Yusa, a 13th-century Korean chronicle.
High court usually refers to the superior court (or supreme court) of a country or state.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hindu nationalism has been collectively referred to as the expressions of social and political thought, based on the native spiritual and cultural traditions of the Indian subcontinent.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
The Huns were a nomadic people who lived in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe, between the 4th and 6th century AD.
Ikshvaku (Sanskrit: इक्ष्वाकु,,; Pali: Okkāka), one of the ten sons of Manu Vaivaswata, was the first king of the Ikshvaku dynasty, known as Solar dynasty, and the Kingdom of Kosala in ancient India.
The Ikshvaku dynasty, in Puranic literature, was a dynasty founded by the legendary king Ikshvaku.
Il-yeon (or Iryeon) (1206–1289) was a Buddhist monk and All-Enlightened National Preceptor (보각국사, 普覺國師) during the Goryeo Dynasty of Korea.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of India.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (I.A.S.T.) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanization of Indic scripts as employed by Sanskrit and related Indic languages.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Janakpur (जनकपुर) is the headquarters of Dhanusa District in Nepal.
The Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha in both human and animal form.
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is a public central university located in New Delhi, India.
Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Kaikeyi (कैकेयी, IAST: Kaikeyī) was one of the three wives of King Dasharatha and the Queen of Ayodhya in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana.
Kanchipuram also known as Kānchi is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, from Chennaithe capital of Tamil Nadu.
Kanishka I (कनिष्क), or Kanishka the Great, was the emperor of the Kushan dynasty in the second century (c. 127–150 CE).
Kannauj also spelt Kanauj, is a city, administrative headquarters and a municipal board or Nagar Palika Parishad in Kannauj district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Kashyapa (IAST: Kaśyapa) is a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India.
Kishore Kunal is a retired officer of the Indian Police Service and a Sanskrit scholar from the state of Bihar, India.
Kingdom of Kosala (कोसला राज्य) was an ancient Indian kingdom, corresponding roughly in area with the region of Awadh in present-day Uttar Pradesh.
Kosambi (Pali) or Kaushambi (Sanskrit) was an important city in ancient India.
Kumaragupta I, also known as Shakraditya and Mahendraditya, was an emperor of the Gupta Empire in 415–455 CE.
Kusha or Kusa (Sanskrit: कुश) and his twin brother Lava were the children of Rama and Sita.
The Kushan Empire (Βασιλεία Κοσσανῶν; Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण साम्राज्य Kuṣāṇa Samrajya; BHS:; Chinese: 貴霜帝國; Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century.
Kushinagar (also known as Kusinagar, Kusinara, Kasia and Kasia Bazar) is a pilgrimage town and a Notified Area Council in the Kushinagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh located around NH-28, and is 52 km east of Gorakhpur city.
Lucknow is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is also the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Division.
Madhavan K Palat (born 9 February 1947) is an Indian historian, scholar of modern world, and political commentator.
Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Manu (मनु) is a term found with various meanings in Hinduism.
Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
A memorial of the Korean queen Heo Hwang-ok is located in Ayodhya, India.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
Mridula Mukherjee (née Mahajan) is an Indian historian known for her work on the role of peasants in the Indian independence movement.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Muzaffar Alam (born 3 February 1947) is the George V. Bobrinskoy Professor in South Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago.
The Nawab of Awadh or the Nawab of Oudh was the title of the rulers who governed the state of Awadh (anglicised as Oudh) in north India during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae.
Nirmohi Akhara (English: "Group without Attachment") Wall Street Journal - 30 September 2010 is a Hindu religious denomination.
Panchala (पञ्चाल) was an ancient kingdom of northern India, located in the Ganges-Yamuna Doab of the upper Gangetic plain.
Pasenadi (Prasenajit) (c. 6th century BCE) was an Aikṣvāka dynasty ruler of Kosala.
Pataliputra (IAST), adjacent to modern-day Patna, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Udayin in 490 BCE as a small fort near the Ganges river.
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (พระนครศรีอยุธยา,; also spelled "Ayudhya"), or locally and simply Ayutthaya, is the former capital of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province in Thailand.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.
Purvanchal is a geographic region of northern India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh and western end of Bihar, where Hindi-Urdu, and its dialects Awadhi and Bhojpuri are the predominant language.
Pushyamitra Shunga (IAST) was the founder and first ruler of the Shunga Empire in East India.
Radha Champakalakshmi (born 1932) is an Indian historian and social scientist who served as Professor in the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and President of the Indian History Congress.
Raghuvamsha (रघुवंश) is a Sanskrit mahakavya (epic poem) by the most celebrated Sanskrit poet Kalidasa.
Raja (also spelled rajah, from Sanskrit राजन्), is a title for a monarch or princely ruler in South and Southeast Asia.
Rajan Gurukkal (born 16 May 1948) is a leading Indian social scientist, historian, professor and writer.
Ram Janmabhoomi (literally, "Rama's birthplace") is the name given to the site that many Hindus believe to be the birthplace of Rama, the 7th avatar of the Hindu deity Vishnu.
Ayodhya is one of seven most holy places for Hindus in India.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Rama Navami (Devanagari: राम नवमी; IAST) is a spring Hindu festival that celebrates the birthday of god Rama.
The Ramanandi (IAST), also known as the Ramayats or the Ramavats (IAST), are a branch of the Vaishnava Sri Sampradaya of Hinduism.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Rushabhanatha or Rishabhanatha (also, Rushabhadeva, Rishabhadeva, or which literally means "bull") is the first Tirthankara (ford maker) in Jainism.
Romila Thapar (born 30 November 1931) is an Indian historian whose principal area of study is ancient India.
Saadat Ali Khan (سعادت علی خان, सआदत अली खान, سعادت علی خان) (bf. 1752 – c. 11 July 1814) was the fifth nawab wazir of Oudh from 21 January 1798 to 11 July 1814, and the son of Muhammad Nasir.
Saketa in Sanskrit, or Saket in Hindi, means Heaven, thus a place where God resides.
Samguk Yusa or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms is a collection of legends, folktales and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during and after the Three Kingdoms period.
The Samyutta Nikaya (SN, "Connected Discourses" or "Kindred Sayings") is a Buddhist scripture, the third of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The Sapta Puri are seven holy pilgrimage centres in India.
The Sarayu is a river that flows through the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
Sarvepalli Gopal (23 April 1923 – 20 April 2002) was a well-known Indian historian.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
Shravasti (Pali) was a city of ancient India and one of the six largest cities in India during Gautama Buddha's lifetime.
The Shunga Empire (IAST) was an ancient Indian dynasty from Magadha that controlled areas of the central and eastern Indian subcontinent from around 187 to 78 BCE.
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
Skandagupta (स्कन्दगुप्त) (died 467) was a Gupta Emperor of northern India.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Sumatinatha was the fifth Jain Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini).
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Suro (수로), or Sureung (posthumous name: 수릉, 首陵, ? - 199), commonly called Gim Suro, was the legendary founder and king of the state of Geumgwan Gaya in southeastern Korea.
Suryavansha (Suryavam(n)sham or Solar Dynasty) is a mythological dynasty of ancient India.
Swapan Dasgupta (born 3 October 1955) is an Indian journalist and Member of Parliament, being a Presidential Nominee to the Rajya Sabha (Council of States, or India's Upper House of Parliament).
The Taluqdars or Talukders (تعلقدار, तालुक़दार, তালুকদার, তালুকদাৰ) (from Arabic ta'alluq, "attachment " + dar "land owner"), were aristocrats who formed the ruling class during the Mughal Empire and British times.
Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India was a gazetteer of the British Indian Empire, and is now a historical reference work.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Tirtha (तीर्थ, IAST: Tīrtha) is a Sanskrit word that means "crossing place, ford", and refers to any place, text or person that is holy.
In Jainism, a tirthankara (Sanskrit:; English: literally a 'ford-maker') is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).
Treta Yuga (Sanskrit: त्रेता युग) is the second out of the four yugas, or ages of mankind, in the religion of Hinduism.
Tulsidas (Hindi: तुलसीदास;, also known as Goswami Tulsidas (गोस्वामी तुलसीदास); 1511–1623) was a realized soul and saint, poet, often called reformer and philosopher from Ramanandi Sampradaya, in the lineage of Jagadguru Ramanandacharya renowned for his devotion to the Lord Shri Rama.
Ujjain is the largest city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh was a province of India under the British Raj, which existed from 1902 to 1947; the official name was shortened by the Government of India Act 1935 to United Provinces (UP), by which the province had been commonly known, and by which name it was also a province of independent India until 1950.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Vaman Shivram Apte (1858–9 August 1892) was an Indian lexicographer and a professor of Sanskrit at Pune's Fergusson College.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
Vihara (विहार, IAST: vihāra) generally refers to a Buddhist bhikkhu monastery.
Vikramaditya (IAST) was a legendary emperor of ancient India.
Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.
The Vishnu Hari inscription (or Hari-Vishnu inscription) is the name given to a Sanskrit language inscription found in the Uttar Pradesh state of India.
The Vishva Hindu Parishad (IAST: Viśva Hindū Pariṣada, pronunciation:, translation: World Hindu Council), abbreviated VHP, is an Indian right-wing Hindu nationalist organisation based on the ideology of Hindutva.
William Hodges RA (28 October 1744 – 6 March 1797) was an English painter.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
The Yamuna (Hindustani: /jəmʊnaː/), also known as the Jumna, (not to be mistaken with the Jamuna of Bangladesh) is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India.
Yogyakarta (also Jogja or Jogjakarta; ꦛꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ; formerly Dutch: Djokjakarta/Djocjakarta or Djokja) is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia.
The Yuezhi or Rouzhi were an ancient people first reported in Chinese histories as nomadic pastoralists living in an arid grassland area in the western part of the modern Chinese province of Gansu, during the 1st millennium BC.
On 5 July 2005, five terrorists attacked the makeshift Ram temple at the site of destroyed Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India.