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Braj Basi Lal (born May 2, 1921), better known as B. B. Lal, is a renowned Indian archaeologist. [1]

53 relations: Afghanistan, Allahabad University, Amalananda Ghosh, Archaeological Survey of India, Archaeology, Archaeology of Ayodhya, Ayodhya, Babri Masjid, Balkh, Bracket, Buddhas of Bamiyan, Chalcolithic, Chitrakoot district, Doab, Ganges, Gilund, Government of India, Harappa, Hastinapur, India, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Indo-Aryan migration theory, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Indus Valley Civilization, Jhansi, Kalibangan, Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa shrine, Kuru Kingdom, Later Stone Age, M. N. Deshpande, Mahabharata, Mesolithic, Middle Stone Age, Ministry of Home Affairs (India), Mortimer Wheeler, Nandigram, Nile, Nubia, Odisha, Padma Bhushan, Painted Grey Ware culture, Ramayana, Rigveda, Sanskrit, Sarasvati River, Sisupalgarh, Stuart Piggott, Taxila, UNESCO, ..., Uttar Pradesh, Vedas, Yamuna. Expand index (3 more) »


Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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Allahabad University

The University of Allahabad, informally known also as Allahabad University, is a public central university located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Amalananda Ghosh

Amalananda Ghosh was a respected Indian archaeologist, the author and editor of numerous works on India’s ancient civilizations, and the organizer and director of archaeological expeditions during the mid-1900s.

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Archaeological Survey of India

The Archaeological Survey of India is an Indian government agency attached to the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.

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Archaeology or archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts (also known as eco-facts) and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).

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Archaeology of Ayodhya

The archaeology of Ayodhya concerns the excavations and findings in the Indian city of Ayodhya in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

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Ayodhya ((IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saket, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana. It is adjacent to Faizabad city at the south end in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. It has an average elevation of. Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites (Saptapuri) for Hindus. It is believed that the birth spot of Rama was marked by a temple, which was demolished by the orders of the Mughal emperor Babur and a mosque erected in its place. The Ayodhya dispute concerns the activism by the Hindu groups to rebuild a Rama's temple at the site.

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Babri Masjid

The Babri Masjid (translation: Mosque of Babur), was a mosque in Ayodhya, a city in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India, on Ramkot Hill ("Rama's fort").

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Balkh (Persian/Pashto: بلخ Balkh; Bactrian: βαχλο, Pakhlo) was an ancient city and centre of Buddhism, Sufism and Zoroastrianism in what is now northern Afghanistan.

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A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.

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Buddhas of Bamiyan

The Buddhas of Bamiyan (Persian:بت های باميان. – but hay-e bamiyan) were two 6th-century monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan, northwest of Kabul at an altitude of.

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The Chalcolithic (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X, p. 301: "Chalcolithic /,kælkəl'lɪθɪk/ adjective Archaeology of, relating to, or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennium BC, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character. Also called Eneolithic... Also called Copper Age - Origin early 20th cent.: from Greek khalkos 'copper' + lithos 'stone' + -ic". χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone") period or Copper Age, also known as the Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of bronze"), is a phase of the Bronze Age before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed the harder bronze.

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Chitrakoot district

Chitrakoot district (चित्रकूट जिला) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Chitrakoot town is the district headquarters.

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Doab (Urdu:, Hindi: दोआब, from Persian: دوآب dōāb, from dō, "two" + āb, "water" or "river") is a term used in India and Pakistan for the "tongue," or tract of land lying between two converging, or confluent, rivers.

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The Ganges, also Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.

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Gilund is a village and an archaeological site located in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan state in western India.

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Government of India

The Government of India (GoI), officially known as the Union Government and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India.

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Harappa (ਹੜੱਪਾ; ہڑپّہا) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about west of Sahiwal.

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Hastinapur (हस्‍तिनापुर, Sanskrit: हस्‍तिनापुरम् Hastināpuram) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indian Institute of Advanced Study

The Indian Institute of Advanced Study (IIAS) is a research institute based in Shimla, India.

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Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

The Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (commonly known as IIT Kanpur or IITK) is a public research college located in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

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Indo-Aryan migration theory

The Indo-Aryan migration theory explains the introduction of the Indo-Aryan languages in the Indian subcontinent by proposing a migration from the Bactria-Margiana Culture (present-day northern Afghanistan) into the northern Indian Subcontinent (modern day India, Nepal and Pakistan).

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Indo-Gangetic Plain

The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as Indus-Ganga and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million hectare (630 million acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh.

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Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE, pre-Harappan cultures starting c.7500 BCE) in northwest Indian subcontinent (including present day Pakistan, northwest India) and also in some regions in northeast Afghanistan.

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Jhansi (झाँसी; झाशी; جھانسی) is a historic city of northern India, in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj or Pushpavati River, in the extreme south of the state of Uttar Pradesh.

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Kalibangān (काली बंगा; काली बंगा) is a town located at on the left or southern banks of the Ghaggar (Ghaggar-Hakra River), identified by some scholars with Sarasvati River in Tehsil Pilibangān, between Suratgarh and Hanumāngarh in Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan, India 205 km.

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Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa shrine

The shrine of Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa is located in Balkh, Afghanistan.

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Kuru Kingdom

Kuru (कुरु) was the name of a Vedic Aryan tribal union in northern Iron Age India, encompassing the modern-day states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand and western part of Uttar Pradesh, which appeared in the Middle Vedic period (c. 1200 – c. 850 BCE) and developed into the first recorded state-level society in South Asia around 1000 BCE, corresponding archaeologically to the Painted Grey Ware culture.

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Later Stone Age

The Later Stone Age (or LSA) is a period in African prehistory which follows the Early Stone Age and Middle Stone Age.

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M. N. Deshpande

Madhusudan Narhar Deshpande (M. N. Deshpande, born 11 November 1920) is an Indian archaeologist, art historian and conservator who served as Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India from 1972 to 1978.

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The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (US; UK; महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana.

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In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.

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Middle Stone Age

The Middle Stone Age (or MSA) was a period of African prehistory between the Early Stone Age and the Later Stone Age.

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Ministry of Home Affairs (India)

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or Home Ministry is a ministry of the Government of India.

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Mortimer Wheeler

Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler (10 September 1890 – 22 July 1976) was a British archaeologist and officer in the British Army.

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Nandigram is a rural area with two community development blocks in Haldia subdivision of Purba Medinipur district of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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The Nile (النيل, Eg. en-Nīl, Std. an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Iteru) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world.

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Nubia is a region along the Nile river located in what is today northern Sudan and southern Egypt.

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Odisha (or Orissa)(odia:ଓଡ଼ିଶା) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the east of India.

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Padma Bhushan

The Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, but comes before the Padma Shri.

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Painted Grey Ware culture

The Painted Grey Ware culture (PGW) is an Iron Age culture of the Gangetic plain and the Ghaggar-Hakra valley, lasting from roughly 1200 BC to 600 BC.

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The Ramayana (रामायणम्) is a Sanskrit epic poem ascribed to the Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki.

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The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise, shine" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.

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Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.

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Sarasvati River

The Sarasvati River (Sanskrit: सरस्वती नदी) is one of the main Rigvedic rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts.

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Sisupalgarh or Sishupalgarh are a ruined fortification in Khurda District in Odisha, India.

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Stuart Piggott

Stuart Ernest Piggott CBE (28 May 1910–23 September 1996) was a British archaeologist best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex.

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Taxila or Takshashila (meaning "City of Cut Stone" or " Rock") is a town and an important archaeological site in Rawalpindi District of Punjab, Pakistan.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (literally "Northern Province"), abbreviated as UP, is a state located in Northern India.

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The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of texts originating in ancient India.

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The Yamuna (/jəmʊnaː/; Sanskrit and Hindi: यमुना), sometimes called Jamuna (Hindi: जमुना; /d͡ʒəmʊna:/), is the largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India.

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B B Lal, B.B. Lal, BB Lal, Braj Basi Lal.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._B._Lal

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