42 relations: Baud, BITNET Relay, Christmas Tree EXEC, City University of New York, Communication protocol, Corporation for Research and Educational Networking, CRC Press, Email, File Transfer Protocol, Gopher (protocol), History of the Internet, IBM, IBM VNET, Id file, Instant messaging, Internet, Internet protocol suite, Ira Fuchs, LISTSERV, MAD (MUD), Mainframe computer, Modem, MUD, Node (networking), OpenVMS, Operating system, Persian Gulf, Point-to-point (telecommunications), RSCS, Silicon Graphics, Store and forward, Telephone line, TERENA, Text-based (computing), TRICKLE, United States, University of Maine, Usenet, UUCP, Uuencoding, World Wide Web, Yale University.
In telecommunication and electronics, baud (symbol: Bd) is a common measure of the speed of communication over a data channel.
BITNET Relay, also known as the Inter Chat Relay Network, was a chat network setup over BITNET nodes.
Christmas Tree EXEC was the first widely disruptive computer worm, which paralyzed several international computer networks in December 1987.
The City University of New York (CUNY) is the public university system of New York City, and the largest urban university system in the United States.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
The Corporation for Research and Educational Networking better known as CREN was a non-profit corporation originally composed of the higher education and research organizations participating in BITNET and CSNET.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet.
The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
VNET is an international computer networking system deployed in the mid-1970s and still in current, but highly diminished use.
Id files are plain text files containing a playful description of oneself.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Ira H. Fuchs (born December 1948) is an internationally known authority on innovative technology solutions for higher education and is a co-founder of BITNET, an important precursor of the Internet.
The term Listserv (written by the registered trademark licensee, L-Soft International, Inc., as LISTSERV) has been used to refer to electronic mailing list software applications in general, but is more properly applied to a few early instances of such software, which allows a sender to send one email to the list, and then transparently sends it on to the addresses of the subscribers to the list.
MAD ("Multi Access Dungeon") was a global MUD, similar to MUD1, which ran on "FREMP11", the BITNET node operated by the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based.
In telecommunications networks, a node (Latin nodus, ‘knot’) is either a redistribution point or a communication endpoint.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
In telecommunications, a point-to-point connection refers to a communications connection between two Communication endpoints or nodes.
Remote Spooling Communications Subsystem or RSCS is a subsystem ("virtual machine" in VM terminology) of IBM's VM/370 operating system which accepts files transmitted to it from local or remote system and users and transmits them to destination local or remote users and systems.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Store and forward is a telecommunications technique in which information is sent to an intermediate station where it is kept and sent at a later time to the final destination or to another intermediate station.
A telephone line or telephone circuit (or just line or circuit within the industry) is a single-user circuit on a telephone communication system.
The Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association (TERENA) was a not-for-profit association of European national research and education networks (NRENs) incorporated in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Usually used in reference to a computer application, a text-based application is one whose primary input and output are based on text rather than graphics or sound.
TRICKLE was a file-forwarding service on the BITNET (EARN/NetNorth/GulfNet) network.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Maine (also referred to as UMaine, Maine or UMO) is a public research university in Orono, Maine, United States.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
UUCP is an abbreviation of Unix-to-Unix Copy.
Uuencoding is a form of binary-to-text encoding that originated in the Unix programs uuencode and uudecode written by Mary Ann Horton at UC Berkeley in 1980, for encoding binary data for transmission in email systems.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.