Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

BM-21 Grad

+ Save concept

The BM-21 "Grad" (БМ-21 "Град"), is a Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher. [1]

116 relations: Aaj News, Angolan Civil War, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Astros II MLRS, Beersheba, Bishoftu Automotive Engineering Industry, BM-14, BM-27 Uragan, BM-30 Smerch, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Cambodian–Thai border dispute, Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Cameroon, Cenepa War, Central Intelligence Agency, Combat vehicle, Counter-battery fire, Croatia, Czechoslovak Army, Czechoslovakia, DAC (vehicle manufacturer), Defense Industries Organization, Denel, English language, First Chechen War, Gan Yavne, GAZ-66, Gaza Strip, Gedera, GRAU, Guerrilla warfare, Gulf War, Hail, Hamas, High-explosive anti-tank warhead, Homicho Ammunition Engineering Complex, International Institute for Strategic Studies, Iran, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Iron Dome, Isuzu Motors, Jelcz, Katyusha rocket launcher, Khan Research Laboratories, Kiryat Gat, Kiryat Malakhi, KrAZ, ..., Land mine, LAROM, Le Point, Lebanese Civil War, Liberia, Libyan Civil War (2011), LRSVM Morava, M-63 Plamen, M-77 Oganj, M35 series 2½-ton 6x6 cargo truck, Minsk Automobile Plant, Morocco, Motovilikha Plants, Multiple rocket launcher, Nagorno-Karabakh War, Nerve agent, Nigeria, North Korea, NPO Splav, Ofakim, Operation Serval, Pakistan Ordnance Factories, Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel, Palinurus elephas, Paramilitary, Petrol engine, Pound (mass), Radio jamming, Rehovot, RM-70 multiple rocket launcher, Royal Thai Army, RS-122, Russo-Georgian War, Sarin, Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Sderot, Second Chechen War, Shaanxi Automobile Group, Shell (projectile), Sino-Soviet border conflict, Sino-Vietnamese War, Soviet Union, Soviet–Afghan War, Standardization Agreement, Syrian Civil War, Tatra 813, Tatra 815, Type 81 (rocket launcher), Unimog, Ural-375, Ural-4320, Valkiri, Vietnam War, War in Donbass, Weishi Rockets, Western Sahara War, WR-40 Langusta, WZ-551, XC2200, Yan'an, Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), Yugoslav Wars, ZiL, ZIL-131, 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes, 9A52-4 Tornado. Expand index (66 more) »

Aaj News

Aaj News is a 24-hour Pakistani news television channel.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Aaj News · See more »

Angolan Civil War

The Angolan Civil War (Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Angolan Civil War · See more »


Ashdod (help; أَشْدُود or إِسْدُود) is the sixth-largest city and the largest port in Israel accounting for 60% of the country's imported goods.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Ashdod · See more »


Ashkelon (also spelled Ashqelon and Ascalon; help; عَسْقَلَان) is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, south of Tel Aviv, and north of the border with the Gaza Strip.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Ashkelon · See more »

Astros II MLRS

ASTROS II (Artillery Saturation Rocket System) is a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher produced in Brazil by the Avibras company.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Astros II MLRS · See more »


Beersheba, also spelled Beer-Sheva (בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע; بئر السبع), is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Beersheba · See more »

Bishoftu Automotive Engineering Industry

Bishoftu Automotive Engineering Industry is a repair and overhaul center for heavy armament, tanks and military vehicles.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Bishoftu Automotive Engineering Industry · See more »


The BM-14 (BM for Boyevaya Mashina, 'combat vehicle'), is a Soviet-made 140mm multiple launch rocket system (MLRS), normally mounted on a truck.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and BM-14 · See more »

BM-27 Uragan

The BM-27 Uragan (Ураган, "hurricane"; GRAU index 9P140) is a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher system designed in the Soviet Union.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and BM-27 Uragan · See more »

BM-30 Smerch

The BM-30 Smerch (Смерч, "whirlwind"), 9K58 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and BM-30 Smerch · See more »

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Bosnia and Herzegovina · See more »


Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Botswana · See more »

Cambodian–Thai border dispute

The Cambodian–Thai border dispute began in June 2008 as the latest round of a century-long dispute between Cambodia and Thailand involving the area surrounding the 11th century Preah Vihear Temple, in the Dângrêk Mountains between the Choam Khsant district in the Preah Vihear Province of northern Cambodia and the Kantharalak district (amphoe) in Sisaket Province of northeastern Thailand.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Cambodian–Thai border dispute · See more »

Cambodian–Vietnamese War

The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the "Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border" ("Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam) was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Cambodian–Vietnamese War · See more »


No description.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Cameroon · See more »

Cenepa War

The Cenepa War (January 26 – February 28, 1995), also known as the Alto Cenepa War, was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over control of an area in Peruvian territory (i.e. in the eastern side of the Cordillera del Cóndor, Province of Condorcanqui, Región Amazonas, Republic of Perú) near the border between the two countries (see map shown in the infobox).

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Cenepa War · See more »

Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Central Intelligence Agency · See more »

Combat vehicle

A combat vehicle, also known as a ground combat vehicle, is a self-propelled, weaponized military vehicle used for combat operations in mechanized warfare.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Combat vehicle · See more »

Counter-battery fire

Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, rocket launchers, artillery and mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Counter-battery fire · See more »


Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Croatia · See more »

Czechoslovak Army

Czechoslovak Army (Czech and Slovak: Československá armáda) was the name of the armed forces of Czechoslovakia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Czechoslovak Army · See more »


Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Czechoslovakia · See more »

DAC (vehicle manufacturer)

DAC, short for Diesel Auto Camion, is a Romanian truck brand produced since the 1970s in the Brașov area.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and DAC (vehicle manufacturer) · See more »

Defense Industries Organization

The Defense Industries Organization (DIO) is a conglomerate of companies run by the Islamic Republic of Iran whose function is to provide the military of Iran with the necessary manufacturing capacity and technical abilities.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Defense Industries Organization · See more »


Denel SOC Ltd is a South African state-owned aerospace and military technology conglomerate established in 1991.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Denel · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and English language · See more »

First Chechen War

The First Chechen War (Пе́рвая чече́нская война́), also known as the First Chechen Сampaign (Пе́рвая чече́нская кампа́ния) or First Russian-Chechen war, was a rebellion by the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria against the Russian Federation, fought from December 1994 to August 1996.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and First Chechen War · See more »

Gan Yavne

Gan Yavne is a town in central Israel, located adjacent to the city of Ashdod.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Gan Yavne · See more »


The GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road (off-road) military truck produced by GAZ.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and GAZ-66 · See more »

Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Gaza Strip · See more »


Gedera, or Gdera (גְּדֵרָה), is a town in the Central District of Israel founded in 1884.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Gedera · See more »


The Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (GRAU) (translit) is a department of the Russian (ex-Soviet) Ministry of Defense.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and GRAU · See more »

Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Guerrilla warfare · See more »

Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Gulf War · See more »


Hail is a form of solid precipitation.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Hail · See more »


Hamas (Arabic: حماس Ḥamās, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamist fundamentalist organization.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Hamas · See more »

High-explosive anti-tank warhead

A high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate thick tank armor.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and High-explosive anti-tank warhead · See more »

Homicho Ammunition Engineering Complex

Homicho Ammunition Engineering Complex is the part of Metals and Engineering Corporation and is also one of the military production facilities of the Ethiopian Defense Industry Sector.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Homicho Ammunition Engineering Complex · See more »

International Institute for Strategic Studies

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and International Institute for Strategic Studies · See more »


Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Iran · See more »

Iran–Iraq War

The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Iran–Iraq War · See more »


Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Iraq · See more »

Iron Dome

Iron Dome (כִּפַּת בַּרְזֶל) is a mobile all-weather air defense system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Iron Dome · See more »

Isuzu Motors

, trading as Isuzu, is a Japanese commercial vehicle and diesel engine manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Isuzu Motors · See more »


Jelcz is a Polish brand of trucks also military, buses and trolley buses produced by Zakłady Samochodowe Jelcz, Jelczańskie Zakłady Samochodowe.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Jelcz · See more »

Katyusha rocket launcher

The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher (a) is a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Katyusha rocket launcher · See more »

Khan Research Laboratories

The Khan Research Laboratories, previously known at various times as Project-706, Engineering Research Laboratories, and Kahuta Research Laboratories, is a Pakistan Government's multi-program national research institute, managed and operated under the scrutiny of Pakistan Armed Forces, located in Kahuta, Punjab Province.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Khan Research Laboratories · See more »

Kiryat Gat

Kiryat Gat (קִרְיַת גַּת), is a city in the Southern District of Israel.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Kiryat Gat · See more »

Kiryat Malakhi

Kiryat Malakhi (קִרְיַת מַלְאָכִי, also Qiryat Malakhi or Kiryat Malachi) is a city in the Southern District of Israel, from Ashkelon.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Kiryat Malakhi · See more »


KrAZ (Кременчуцький автомобільний завод, Kremenchutskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Kremenchuk Automobile Plant) (АвтоКрА́З or AvtoKrAZ) is a Ukrainian factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and KrAZ · See more »

Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Land mine · See more »


The LAROM is a Romanian native-made, highly mobile, multiple rocket launcher, attached to a DAC-25.360 6x6 truck, in service with the Romanian Land Forces, built in collaboration with Israel.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and LAROM · See more »

Le Point

Le Point is a French weekly political and news magazine published in Paris, France.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Le Point · See more »

Lebanese Civil War

The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Lebanese Civil War · See more »


Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Liberia · See more »

Libyan Civil War (2011)

The first Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Libyan Civil War (2011) · See more »

LRSVM Morava

The LRSVM Morava is a multiple rocket launcher system developed in Serbia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and LRSVM Morava · See more »

M-63 Plamen

The M-63 Plamen (Пламен; "flame") is a 128mm multiple rocket launcher developed in 1963 in Yugoslavia for use in the Yugoslav People's Army.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and M-63 Plamen · See more »

M-77 Oganj

The M-77 Oganj is a 128mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher developed in the former Yugoslavia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and M-77 Oganj · See more »

M35 series 2½-ton 6x6 cargo truck

The M35 2½-ton cargo truck is a long-lived 2½-ton 6x6 cargo truck initially used by the United States Army and subsequently utilized by many nations around the world.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and M35 series 2½-ton 6x6 cargo truck · See more »

Minsk Automobile Plant

Minsk Automobile Plant (MAZ), (Адкрытaе Акцыянэрнaе Таварыства «Мінскі аўтамабільны завод», Open JSC Minski Autamabilny Zavod, Минский автомобильный завод Minskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod) is a state-run automotive manufacturer association in Belarus, one of the largest in Eastern Europe.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Minsk Automobile Plant · See more »


Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Morocco · See more »

Motovilikha Plants

Motovilikha Plants (Мотовилихинские заводы) is a Russian metallurgical and military equipment manufacturer.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Motovilikha Plants · See more »

Multiple rocket launcher

A multiple rocket launcher (MRL) or multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) is a type of rocket artillery system.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Multiple rocket launcher · See more »

Nagorno-Karabakh War

The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an ethnic and territorial conflict that took place in the late 1980s to May 1994, in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Nagorno-Karabakh War · See more »

Nerve agent

Nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a class of organic chemicals that disrupt the mechanisms by which nerves transfer messages to organs.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Nerve agent · See more »


Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Nigeria · See more »

North Korea

North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and North Korea · See more »

NPO Splav

NPO Splav (Научно-производственное объединение «СПЛАВ») is one of the leading global companies developers and manufacturers of multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), and one of the key companies providing Russian arms for the global market in the segment.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and NPO Splav · See more »


Ofakim (אֳפָקִים) (lit. "horizons") is a city in the Southern District of Israel, 20 kilometers west of Beersheba.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Ofakim · See more »

Operation Serval

Operation Serval (Opération Serval) was a French military operation in Mali.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Operation Serval · See more »

Pakistan Ordnance Factories

The Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) is a major firearms, defence contractor, and military corporation headquartered in Wah Cantt, Punjab, Pakistan.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Pakistan Ordnance Factories · See more »

Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel

Since 2001, Palestinian militants have launched thousands of rocket and mortar attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip as part of the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel · See more »

Palinurus elephas

Palinurus elephas is a spiny lobster, which is commonly caught in the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Palinurus elephas · See more »


A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Paramilitary · See more »

Petrol engine

A petrol engine (known as a gasoline engine in American English) is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol (gasoline) and similar volatile fuels.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Petrol engine · See more »

Pound (mass)

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Pound (mass) · See more »

Radio jamming

Radio jamming is the deliberate jamming, blocking or interference with authorized wireless communications.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Radio jamming · See more »


Rehovot (רְחוֹבוֹת) is a city in the Central District of Israel, about south of Tel Aviv.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Rehovot · See more »

RM-70 multiple rocket launcher

The RM-70 (raketomet vzor 1970) multiple rocket launcher is a Czechoslovakian army version and heavier variant of the BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launcher, providing enhanced performance over its parent area-saturation rocket artillery system that was introduced in 1971 (the NATO designation is M1972).

New!!: BM-21 Grad and RM-70 multiple rocket launcher · See more »

Royal Thai Army

The Royal Thai Army or RTA (กองทัพบกไทย) is the army of Thailand responsible for protecting its sovereignty and national interests.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Royal Thai Army · See more »


The RS-122 — a mobile multiple rocket launcher firing 122mm rockets.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and RS-122 · See more »

Russo-Georgian War

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia, Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Russo-Georgian War · See more »


Sarin, or NATO designation GB (G-series, 'B'), is a highly toxic synthetic organophosphorus compound.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Sarin · See more »

Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen

No description.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen · See more »


Sderot (שְׂדֵרוֹת,, lit. Boulevards) is a western Negev city and former development town in the Southern District of Israel.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Sderot · See more »

Second Chechen War

Second Chechen War (Втора́я чече́нская война́), also known as the Second Chechen Сampaign (Втора́я чече́нская кампа́ния), was an armed conflict on the territory of Chechnya and the border regions of the North Caucasus between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, also with militants of various Islamist groups, fought from August 1999 to April 2009.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Second Chechen War · See more »

Shaanxi Automobile Group

Shaanxi Automobile Group Co., Ltd. is a Chinese bus and truck manufacturer headquartered in Xi'an, Shaanxi.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Shaanxi Automobile Group · See more »

Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Shell (projectile) · See more »

Sino-Soviet border conflict

The Sino-Soviet border conflict was a seven-month undeclared military conflict between the Soviet Union and China at the height of the Sino-Soviet split in 1969.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Sino-Soviet border conflict · See more »

Sino-Vietnamese War

The Sino-Vietnamese War (Chiến tranh biên giới Việt-Trung), also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief border war fought between the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in early 1979.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Sino-Vietnamese War · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Soviet Union · See more »

Soviet–Afghan War

The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Soviet–Afghan War · See more »

Standardization Agreement

In NATO a STANdardization AGreement (STANAG) defines processes, procedures, terms, and conditions for common military or technical procedures or equipment between the member countries of the alliance.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Standardization Agreement · See more »

Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Syrian Civil War · See more »

Tatra 813

Tatra T813 was a truck produced in Czechoslovakia by the Tatra company.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Tatra 813 · See more »

Tatra 815

Tatra T815 is a truck family, produced by Czech company Tatra.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Tatra 815 · See more »

Type 81 (rocket launcher)

The Type 81 is a self-propelled 122 mm multiple rocket launcher (SPMRL) produced by the People's Republic of China for the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Type 81 (rocket launcher) · See more »


Unimog is a range of multi-purpose all-wheel drive medium trucks produced by Daimler (formerly Daimler-Benz) and sold under the brand name Mercedes-Benz.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Unimog · See more »


The Ural-375 is a general purpose 4.5 ton 6×6 truck, produced at the Ural Automotive Plant in the Russian SFSR since 1961.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Ural-375 · See more »


The Ural-4320 is a general purpose off-road 6x6 vehicle, produced at the Ural Automotive Plant in Miass, Russia for use in the Russian army.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Ural-4320 · See more »


The Valkiri is a South African self-propelled multiple rocket launcher.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Valkiri · See more »

Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Vietnam War · See more »

War in Donbass

The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and War in Donbass · See more »

Weishi Rockets

The Weishi (WS) family of the multiple rocket launcher systems were mainly developed by Sichuan Aerospace Industry Corporation (SCAIC, also known as Base 062) in Chengdu, Sichuan Province.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Weishi Rockets · See more »

Western Sahara War

The Western Sahara War (حرب الصحراء الغربية, Guerre du Sahara occidental, Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Western Sahara War · See more »

WR-40 Langusta

WR-40 Langusta is a Polish self-propelled multiple rocket launcher developed by Centrum Produkcji Wojskowej HSW SA.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and WR-40 Langusta · See more »


The WZ-551 (also known as ZSL92) is a Chinese wheeled armored personnel carrier.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and WZ-551 · See more »


The NORTHBENZ Tiema XC2200 is a 7.5 ton 6x6 heavy military vehicle.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and XC2200 · See more »


Yan'an is a prefecture-level city in the Shanbei region of Shaanxi province, China, bordering Shanxi to the east and Gansu to the west.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Yan'an · See more »

Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)

The Yemeni Civil War is an ongoing conflict that began in 2015 between two factions, each claiming to constitute the Yemeni government, along with their supporters and allies.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Yemeni Civil War (2015–present) · See more »

Yugoslav Wars

The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and Yugoslav Wars · See more »


AMO ZiL, known fully as the Moscow Automotive Society – Likhachov Plant and more commonly called ZiL (was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and ZiL · See more »


The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and ZIL-131 · See more »

2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes

The Four-Day War or April War, began along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact on 1 April 2016 with the Artsakh Defense Army, backed by the Armenian Armed Forces, on one side and the Azerbaijani Armed Forces on the other.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes · See more »

9A52-4 Tornado

The 9A52-4 Tornado is Russia's newest universal multiple rocket launcher.

New!!: BM-21 Grad and 9A52-4 Tornado · See more »

Redirects here:

122 RAKH 76, 2B17, 9A51, 9K51 Grad, 9K51M, 9K51M "Tornado-G", 9K59, 9M519, 9P138, 9k51 Grad, 9А51 Prima, APR-21, APR-40, BM 21, BM-11, BM-21, BM-21 launch vehicle, BM-21), BM-21-1, BM-21PD, BM-21PD Damba, BM-21V, BM-21V Grad-V, BM-21b, BM21, Borak rocket, DP-62 Damba, Grad missile, Grad missiles, Grad rocket, Grad rockets, Grad-P (rocket launcher), KN-12, KRL 122, M1985, Sakr-18, Sakr-36, Sakr-45, Tornado-G.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BM-21_Grad

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »