49 relations: All-wheel drive, BMW, BMW 5 Series, BMW 5 Series (E28), BMW 5 Series (E39), BMW 7 Series (E32), BMW 8 Series (E31), BMW M20, BMW M21, BMW M30, BMW M40, BMW M43, BMW M50, BMW M51, BMW M60, BMW S38, Claus Luthe, Continuously variable transmission, Dingolfing, E-segment, Electric vehicle, Electronic stability control, Ercole Spada, Executive car, Front-engine, four-wheel-drive layout, Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, Getrag 420G transmission, GM 4L30-E transmission, Inline-four engine, International Motor Show Germany, MacPherson strut, Model year, Natural gas, Overhead camshaft, Rack and pinion, Recirculating ball, Rosslyn, Gauteng, Sedan (automobile), Station wagon, Straight-six engine, Traction control system, Trailing-arm suspension, Turbo-diesel, V8 engine, VANOS, Variable valve timing, ZF 4HP22 transmission, ZF 5HP transmission, ZF Friedrichshafen.
An all-wheel drive vehicle (AWD vehicle) is one with a powertrain capable of providing power to all its wheels, whether full-time or on-demand.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972.
The BMW E28 is the second generation of BMW 5 Series mid-size sedans, and was produced from 1981 to 1988.
The BMW E39 is the fourth generation of BMW 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2003.
The BMW E32 is the second generation of the BMW 7 Series luxury cars and was produced from 1986 to 1994.
The BMW E31 is the first generation of the BMW 8 Series.
The BMW M20 is a straight-6 SOHC petrol engine produced from 1977 to 1993.
The BMW M21 is a six-cylinder-inline-diesel engine developed by the Bavarian engine manufacturer BMW. It uses (indirect) fuel injection and is based on the M20 petrol engine and was produced for BMW by the upper Austrian Steyr engine plant from 1983 to 1991. It was succeeded by the M51.
The BMW M30 is a straight-6 SOHC petrol engine which was produced from 1968 to 1994.
The BMW M40 is an inline-four SOHC piston engine which replaced the M10 and was produced from 1987–1995.
The BMW M43 is a straight-4 SOHC piston engine which replaced the M40 and was produced from 1991-2002.
The BMW M50 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which was produced from 1990 to 1996.
The BMW M51 is an inline diesel engine produced by the upper austrian BMW plant in Steyr from July 1991 through February 2000.
The BMW M60 is a naturally aspirated V8 DOHC engine which was BMW's first V8 in over 25 years and was produced from 1992 to 1996.
The BMW S38 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which replaced the M88 and was produced from 1986-1995.
Claus Luthe (December 8, 1932 – March 17, 2008) was a German car designer, noted for his design work on the NSU Ro 80, Volkswagen K70 and numerous seminal models from Audi and BMW.
A continuously variable transmission (CVT), also known as a single-speed transmission, stepless transmission, pulley transmission, or, in case of motorcycles, a twist-and-go, is an automatic transmission that can change seamlessly through a continuous range of effective gear ratios.
Dingolfing is a town in Southern Bavaria, Germany.
E-segment (or executive cars) is defined by European Commission as the fifth segment in European market car classification.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
Electronic stability control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) or dynamic stability control (DSC), is a computerized technology that improves a vehicle's stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding).
Ercole Spada (born July 26, 1937 in Busto Arsizio) is an Italian automobile designer.
Executive car is a British term for an automobile larger than a large family car.
In automotive design, an F4, or Front-engine, Four-wheel drive layout places the internal combustion engine at the front of the vehicle and drives all four roadwheels.
In automotive design, an FR, or front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout is one where the engine is located at the front of the vehicle and driven wheels are located at the rear.
The 420G is a 6-speed manual transmission manufactured by Getrag.
The 4L30-E was an automatic transmission developed and produced by General Motors.
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a type of inline internal combustion four-cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase.
The International Motor Show Germany or simply International Motor Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show.
The MacPherson strut is a type of automotive suspension system that uses the top of a telescopic damper as the upper steering pivot.
The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Overhead camshaft, commonly abbreviated to OHC, is a valvetrain configuration which places the camshaft of an internal combustion engine of the reciprocating type within the cylinder heads ("above" the pistons and combustion chambers) and drives the valves or lifters in a more direct manner compared with overhead valves (OHV) and pushrods.
A rack and pinion is a type of linear actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert rotational motion into linear motion.
Recirculating ball, also known as recirculating ball and nut or worm and sector, is a steering mechanism commonly found in older automobiles, off-road vehicles, and some trucks.
Rosslyn is a suburb of Pretoria, part of the City of Tshwane Municipality in the Gauteng province of South Africa.
A sedan (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British, Irish and Indian English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.
A station wagon, also called an estate car, estate wagon, or simply wagon or estate, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid.
The straight-six engine or inline-six engine (often abbreviated I6 or L6) is an internal combustion engine with the cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft (straight engine).
A traction control system (TCS), also known as ASR (from lit), is typically (but not necessarily) a secondary function of the electronic stability control (ESC) on production motor vehicles, designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels.
A trailing-arm suspension, sometimes referred as trailing-link is a vehicle suspension design in which one or more arms (or "links") are connected between (and perpendicular to and forward of) the axle and a pivot point (located on the chassis of a motor vehicle).
Turbo-diesel, also written as turbodiesel and turbo diesel, refers to any diesel engine equipped with a turbocharger.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
VANOS is a variable valve timing system used by BMW on various automotive petrol engines since 1992.
In internal combustion engines, variable valve timing (VVT) is the process of altering the timing of a valve lift event, and is often used to improve performance, fuel economy or emissions.
The 4HP22 is a four-speed automatic transmission from ZF Friedrichshafen AG for passenger cars with rear wheel drive or 4X4 layout.
The ZF 5HP is a five-speed automatic transmission for longitudinal engine applications, designed and built by ZF Friedrichshafen AG's subsidiary in Saarbrücken.
ZF Friedrichshafen AG, also known as ZF Group, and commonly abbreviated to ZF (ZF.