72 relations: Air conditioning, Airbag, Alpina, Aluminium, Anti-lock braking system, Axle, BMW, BMW 3 Series (E46), BMW 5 Series, BMW 5 Series (E34), BMW 5 Series (E60), BMW 7 Series (E38), BMW M47, BMW M5, BMW M51, BMW M52, BMW M54, BMW M57, BMW M62, Car and Driver 10Best, Chapman strut, Chris Bangle, Compact disc, Consumer Reports, Cornering brake control, Dingolfing, E-segment, Electronic stability control, Euro NCAP, Executive car, Facelift (automotive), Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, Geneva Motor Show, Getrag 420G transmission, GM 4L30-E transmission, GM 5L40-E transmission, Halo headlights, Heater core, Inline-four engine, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, International Motor Show Germany, Joji Nagashima, Kaliningrad, Light-emitting diode, List of ZF transmissions, MacPherson strut, Model year, Multi-link suspension, Parking sensor, Phase transition, ..., Power steering, Rack and pinion, Recirculating ball, Revolutions per minute, Run-flat tire, Sedan (automobile), Spall, Station wagon, Steering knuckle, Straight-six engine, Structural dynamics, Subframe, Superstars Series, Toe (automotive), Toluca, Traction control system, Turbo-diesel, V8 engine, Ward's 10 Best Engines, Wheelbase, ZF 5HP transmission, .44 Magnum. Expand index (22 more) » « Shrink index
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.
An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system.
Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH & Co.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a safety anti-skid braking system used on aircraft and on land vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW E46 is the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, which was produced from 1997 to 2006.
The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972.
The BMW E34 is the third generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was produced from the 2nd of November 1987 until June 1996.
The BMW E60/E61 series is the fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was sold from 2003 to 2010.
The BMW E38 is the third generation of the BMW 7 Series, which was produced from April 1994 to 2001.
The BMW M47 and Rover Group M47R are diesel straight-4 engines.
The BMW M5 is a sports saloon version of the 5 Series executive car built by the Motorsport division of BMW.
The BMW M51 is an inline diesel engine produced by the upper austrian BMW plant in Steyr from July 1991 through February 2000.
The BMW M52 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which was produced from 1994–2000.
The BMW M54 is a naturally aspirated straight-6 petrol engine which was produced from 2000 to 2006.
The BMW M57 is a straight-6 diesel engine produced from 1998.
The BMW M62 is a naturally aspirated V8 DOHC engine produced from 1995 to 2005.
Car and Driver 10Best is a list annually produced by Car and Driver (C/D), nominating what it considers the ten best cars of the year.
The Chapman strut is a design of independent rear suspension used for light cars, particularly sports and racing cars.
Christopher Edward "Chris" Bangle (born October 14, 1956) is an American automobile designer.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Consumer Reports is an American magazine published since 1930 by Consumers Union, a nonprofit organization dedicated to unbiased product testing, consumer-oriented research, public education, and advocacy.
Cornering Brake Control or CBC is an automotive safety system introduced by carmakers BMW and Mercedes-Benz (ESP Dynamic Cornering Assist and Curve Dynamic Assist).
Dingolfing is a town in Southern Bavaria, Germany.
E-segment (or executive cars) is defined by European Commission as the fifth segment in European market car classification.
Electronic stability control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) or dynamic stability control (DSC), is a computerized technology that improves a vehicle's stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding).
The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) is a European car safety performance assessment programme (i.e. a New Car Assessment Program) based in Brussels (Belgium) and founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union.
Executive car is a British term for an automobile larger than a large family car.
An automotive facelift (also known as mid-generational refresh, minor model change or minor model update, life cycle impulse) comprises changes to a car, truck or bus's styling during its production run – including, to highly variable degree, new sheetmetal, interior design elements or mechanical changes – allowing a carmaker to freshen a model without complete redesign.
In automotive design, an FR, or front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout is one where the engine is located at the front of the vehicle and driven wheels are located at the rear.
The International Geneva Motor Show (Salon international de l'automobile) is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva.
The 420G is a 6-speed manual transmission manufactured by Getrag.
The 4L30-E was an automatic transmission developed and produced by General Motors.
The 5L40-E (and similar 5L50) are a series of automatic transmissions made by General Motors.
Halo headlights (also known as Halos, Corona Rings, and referred to as Angel Eyes because of the distinctive arrangement of lights placed in a circular pattern) are automotive front lighting units with luminous rings inside the headlight assembly.
A heater core is a radiator-like device used in heating the cabin of a vehicle.
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a type of inline internal combustion four-cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is a U.S. nonprofit organization funded by auto insurers, established in 1959 and headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.
The International Motor Show Germany or simply International Motor Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show.
Joji Nagashima (born 1955; 永島譲二) of Munich, Germany is an automobile designer for BMW.
Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
This list of ZF transmissions details those automotive transmissions created by the German ZF Friedrichshafen AG engineering company.
The MacPherson strut is a type of automotive suspension system that uses the top of a telescopic damper as the upper steering pivot.
The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.
A multi-link suspension is a type of vehicle suspension design typically used in independent suspensions, using three or more lateral arms, and one or more longitudinal arms.
Parking sensors are proximity sensors for road vehicles designed to alert the driver of obstacles while parking.
The term phase transition (or phase change) is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma.
In automobiles, power steering (also power-assisted steering (PAS) or steering assist system) helps drivers steer by augmenting steering effort of the steering wheel.
A rack and pinion is a type of linear actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert rotational motion into linear motion.
Recirculating ball, also known as recirculating ball and nut or worm and sector, is a steering mechanism commonly found in older automobiles, off-road vehicles, and some trucks.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
A run-flat tire is a pneumatic vehicle tire that is designed to resist the effects of deflation when punctured, and to enable the vehicle to continue to be driven at reduced speeds - under - and for limited distances - generally between to, depending on the type of tire.
A sedan (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British, Irish and Indian English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.
Spall is flakes of a material that are broken off a larger solid body and can be produced by a variety of mechanisms, including as a result of projectile impact, corrosion, weathering, cavitation, or excessive rolling pressure (as in a ball bearing).
A station wagon, also called an estate car, estate wagon, or simply wagon or estate, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid.
Double Wishbone Suspension In automotive suspension, a steering knuckle is that part which contains the wheel hub or spindle, and attaches to the suspension and steering components.
The straight-six engine or inline-six engine (often abbreviated I6 or L6) is an internal combustion engine with the cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft (straight engine).
Structural analysis is mainly concerned with finding out the behavior of a physical structure when subjected to force.
A subframe is a structural component of a vehicle, such as an automobile or an aircraft, that uses a discrete, separate structure within a larger body-on-frame or unit body to carry certain components, such as the engine, drivetrain, or suspension.
The Superstars International Series was a production-based touring car racing championship held between 2004 and 2013.
In automotive engineering, toe, also known as tracking, is the symmetric angle that each wheel makes with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, as a function of static geometry, and kinematic and compliant effects.
Toluca, officially called Toluca de Lerdo, is the state capital of the State of Mexico as well as the seat of the Municipality of Toluca.
A traction control system (TCS), also known as ASR (from lit), is typically (but not necessarily) a secondary function of the electronic stability control (ESC) on production motor vehicles, designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels.
Turbo-diesel, also written as turbodiesel and turbo diesel, refers to any diesel engine equipped with a turbocharger.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
Ward's 10 Best Engines is an annual list of the ten "best" automobile engines available in the U.S. market, that are selected by Ward's AutoWorld magazine.
In both road and rail vehicles, the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels.
The ZF 5HP is a five-speed automatic transmission for longitudinal engine applications, designed and built by ZF Friedrichshafen AG's subsidiary in Saarbrücken.
The.44 Remington Magnum, or simply.44 Magnum (10.9×33mmR), and frequently.44 Mag, is a large-bore cartridge originally designed for revolvers.