131 relations: 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project, Actin, Alpha-amylase, Alteribacillus iranensis, Alteribacillus persepolensis, Anaerobacillus alkalidiazotrophicus, Anthrax, Bacillus (shape), Bacillus aerius, Bacillus aerophilus, Bacillus alcalophilus, Bacillus altitudinis, Bacillus aminovorans, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus arseniciselenatis, Bacillus atrophaeus, Bacillus azotoformans, Bacillus badius, Bacillus boroniphilus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus circulans, Bacillus clarkii, Bacillus clausii, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus coahuilensis, Bacillus fastidiosus, Bacillus firmus, Bacillus fumarioli, Bacillus fusiformis, Bacillus gibsonii, Bacillus halmapalus, Bacillus halodurans, Bacillus horikoshii, Bacillus horti, Bacillus infernus, Bacillus lentimorbus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus methanolicus, Bacillus mojavensis, Bacillus mycoides, Bacillus nealsonii, Bacillus odysseyi, Bacillus oleronius, Bacillus pseudalcalophilus, Bacillus pseudofirmus, Bacillus pseudomycoides, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus safensis, ..., Bacillus selenitireducens, Bacillus sonorensis, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Bacillus stratosphericus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus vallismortis, Bacillus weihenstephanensis, Bacteria, BamHI, Barnase, Bhargavaea ginsengi, Botrytis cinerea, Brevibacillus, Catalase, Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, Cytoskeleton, Endospore, Enzyme, Escherichia coli, Facultative anaerobic organism, Ferdinand Cohn, Fictibacillus arsenicus, Fictibacillus barbaricus, Fictibacillus gelatini, Fictibacillus nanhaiensis, Fictibacillus rigui, Fictibacillus solisalsi, Firmicutes, Fluorescence microscope, Foodborne illness, Genetically modified organism, Genus, Geobacillus, Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Gram-positive bacteria, Hydrogenibacillus schlegelii, Insect, Lactobacillales, List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, Lysinibacillus sphaericus, Mannitol salt agar, Milky spore, Model organism, Natural competence, Obligate aerobe, Oceanobacillus iheyensis, Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus alvei, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Parasitism, Pathogen, Peptidoglycan, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Protease, Pseudomonas, Psychrobacillus insolitus, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans, Restriction enzyme, Rhizoctonia solani, Ribonuclease, Ribosome, Salibacterium halochares, Salibacterium qingdaonense, Salimicrobium halophilum, Salipaludibacillus agaradhaerens, Salipaludibacillus neizhouensis, Secretion, Shigella, Species, Sporosarcina pasteurii, Staphylococcus, Subtilisin, Teichoic acid, Test tube, Transformation (genetics), Turgor pressure, Type species, Vibrio, Virgibacillus, 16S ribosomal RNA. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
'The All-Species Living Tree' Project is a collaboration between various academic groups/institutes, such as ARB, SILVA rRNA database project, and LPSN, with the aim of assembling a database of 16S rRNA sequences of all validly published species of Bacteria and Archaea.
Actin is a family of globular multi-functional proteins that form microfilaments.
α-Amylase is a protein enzyme that hydrolyses alpha bonds of large, alpha-linked polysaccharides, such as starch and glycogen, yielding glucose and maltose.
Alteribacillus iranensis is a Gram-positive and moderately halophilic bacterium from the genus of Alteribacillus which has been isolated from mud from the Aran-Bidgol Lake in Iran.
Alteribacillus persepolensis is a Gram-positive and moderately halophilic bacterium from the genus of Alteribacillus which has been isolated from the brine of the Howz Soltan Lake in Iran.
Anaerobacillus alkalidiazotrophicus is a strictly anaerobic, diazotrophic and spore-forming bacterium from the genus of Anaerobacillus which has been isolated from soil from Choibalsan in Mongolia.
Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
A bacillus (plural bacilli) or bacilliform bacterium is a rod-shaped bacterium or archaeon.
Bacillus aerius is a species of bacteria first isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes, hence its name.
Bacillus aerophilus is a species of bacteria first isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes, hence its name.
Bacillus alcalophilus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped species of bacteria.
Bacillus altitudinis is a species of bacteria first isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes, hence its name.
Bacillus aminovorans is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped species of bacteria.
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens is a species of bacterium in the genus Bacillus that is the source of the BamH1 restriction enzyme.
Bacillus anthracis is the etiologic agent of anthrax—a common disease of livestock and, occasionally, of humans—and the only obligate pathogen within the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus arseniciselenatis is a bacterium first isolated from Mono Lake, California.
Bacillus atrophaeus is a species of black-pigmented bacteria.
Bacillus azotoformans is a species of bacteria within the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus badius is a Gram-positive aerobic spore-forming bacillus.
Bacillus boroniphilus is a species of highly boron-tolerant bacterium, hence its name.
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic, motile, beta hemolytic bacterium commonly found in soil and food.
Bacillus circulans is a soil-dwelling human pathogen which has been associated with "septicemia, mixed abscess infections, and wound infections", as well as with meningitis.
Bacillus clarkii is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus clausii is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, motile and spore-forming bacterium that lives in the soil.
Bacillus coagulans is a lactic acid-forming bacterial species.
Bacillus coahuilensis is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, motile, spore-forming bacterium.
Bacillus fastidiosus is an aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium that has been isolated from soil and poultry litter.
Bacillus firmus is a species of bacteria within the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus fumarioli is a species of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria.
Bacillus fusiformis is a gram-positive bacterium of the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus gibsonii is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus halmapalus is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus halodurans is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, motile and spore-forming bacterium found in soil.
Bacillus horikoshii is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus horti is a species of Gram-negative alkaliphilic bacillus.
Bacillus infernus is a thermophilic, strictly anaerobic bacterium of the genus Bacillus that lives in deep terrestrial subsurface areas.
Bacillus lentimorbus is a Gram-positive bacterium used as a soil or plant inoculant in agriculture and horticulture.
Bacillus licheniformis is a bacterium commonly found in the soil.
Bacillus megaterium is a rod-like, Gram-positive, mainly aerobic spore forming bacterium found in widely diverse habitats.
Bacillus methanolicus (B. methanolicus) is a gram positive, thermophilic, methylotrophic member of the Bacillus genus.
Bacillus mojavensis is a bacterium.
Bacillus mycoides is a gram-positive spore-forming bacterium of the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus nealsonii is a species of bacteria first isolated from a spacecraft-assembly facility.
Bacillus odysseyi is a Gram-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, round-spore- and endospore-forming eubacterium of the Bacillus genus.
Bacillus oleronius is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the genus Bacillus.
Bacillus pseudalcalophilus is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus pseudofirmus is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Bacillus pseudomycoides is a bacterium.
Bacillus pumilus is a Gram-positive, aerobic, spore-forming bacillus commonly found in soil.
Bacillus safensis is a Gram-positive, spore-forming, and rod bacterium, originally isolated from a spacecraft in Florida and California.
Bacillus selenitireducens is a bacterium first isolated from Mono Lake, California.
Bacillus sonorensis is a species of bacteria with type strain L87-10T (.
Bacillus sporothermodurans is a species of bacteria notable for producing highly heat-resistant endospores, hence its name.
Bacillus stratosphericus is a microbe commonly found in high concentrations in the stratosphere.
Bacillus subtilis, known also as the hay bacillus or grass bacillus, is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium, found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants and humans.
Bacillus thuringiensis (or Bt) is a Gram-positive, soil-dwelling bacterium, commonly used as a biological pesticide.
Bacillus vallismortis is a species of bacteria, with type strain DV1-F-3 (5 NRRLB-14890).
Bacillus weihenstephanensis is a soil-dwelling, Gram-positive, rod-shaped, beta-hemolytic bacterium.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
BamH I (from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) is a type II restriction endonuclease, having the capacity for recognizing short sequences (6 b.p.) of DNA and specifically cleaving them at a target site.
Barnase (a portmanteau of "BActerial" "RiboNucleASE") is a bacterial protein that consists of 110 amino acids and has ribonuclease activity.
Bhargavaea ginsengi is a Gram-positive, moderately halotolerant and non-motile bacterium from the genus of Bhargavaea which has been isolated from the roots of a ginseng plant in Beijing in China.
Botrytis cinerea ("botrytis" from Ancient Greek botrys (βότρυς) meaning "grapes" plus the New Latin suffix -itis for disease) is a necrotrophic fungus that affects many plant species, although its most notable hosts may be wine grapes.
Brevibacillus is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the family Paenibacillaceae.
Catalase is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed to oxygen (such as bacteria, plants, and animals).
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (19 April 1795 – 27 June 1876), German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist, was one of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
A cytoskeleton is present in all cells of all domains of life (archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes).
An endospore is a dormant, tough, and non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria from the Firmicute phylum.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
The title of this article should be "Facultative Aerobic Organism," as "facultative anaerobe" is a misnomer.
Ferdinand Julius Cohn (24 January 1828 – 25 June 1898) was a German biologist.
Fictibacillus arsenicus, also known as Bacillus arsenicus, is a bacterium.
Fictibacillus barbaricus is a bacterium from the genus of Fictibacillus which has been isolated from a wall painting in Austria.
Fictibacillus gelatini is a bacterium from the genus of Fictibacillus which has been isolated from contaminated gelatin in Belgium.
Fictibacillus nanhaiensis is a Gram-positive, aerobic, slightly halophilic, facultatively alkaliphilic, rod-shaped, spore-forming snd motile bacterium from the genus of Fictibacillus which has been isolated from a oyster from the Naozhou Island in China.
Fictibacillus rigui is a Gram-positive, aerobic, spore-forming and motile bacterium from the genus of Fictibacillus which has been isolated from fresh water from the Woopo wetland in Korea.
Fictibacillus solisalsi is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, halotolerant, alkaliphilic and motile bacterium from the genus of Fictibacillus which has been isolated from saline soil from Shanxi in China.
The Firmicutes (Latin: firmus, strong, and cutis, skin, referring to the cell wall) are a phylum of bacteria, most of which have Gram-positive cell wall structure.
A fluorescence microscope is an optical microscope that uses fluorescence and phosphorescence instead of, or in addition to, reflection and absorption to study properties of organic or inorganic substances.
Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the food spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Geobacillus is a bacterial genus from the family of Bacillaceae.
Geobacillus stearothermophilus (basonym Bacillus stearothermophilus) is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive bacterium and a member of the division Firmicutes.
Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.
Hydrogenibacillus schlegelii is a Gram-positive species of bacteria.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
Lactobacillales or lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an order of Gram-positive, low-GC, acid-tolerant, generally nonsporulating, nonrespiring, either rod- or coccus-shaped bacteria that share common metabolic and physiological characteristics. These bacteria, usually found in decomposing plants and milk products, produce lactic acid as the major metabolic end product of carbohydrate fermentation. This trait has, throughout history, linked LAB with food fermentations, as acidification inhibits the growth of spoilage agents. Proteinaceous bacteriocins are produced by several LAB strains and provide an additional hurdle for spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Furthermore, lactic acid and other metabolic products contribute to the organoleptic and textural profile of a food item. The industrial importance of the LAB is further evidenced by their generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status, due to their ubiquitous appearance in food and their contribution to the healthy microflora of human mucosal surfaces. The genera that comprise the LAB are at its core Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, Lactococcus, and Streptococcus, as well as the more peripheral Aerococcus, Carnobacterium, Enterococcus, Oenococcus, Sporolactobacillus, Tetragenococcus, Vagococcus, and Weissella; these belong to the order Lactobacillales.
List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) is an online database that maintains information on the naming and taxonomy of prokaryotes, following the taxonomy requirements and rulings of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria.
Lysinibacillus sphaericus (reclassified - previously known as Bacillus sphaericus) is a Gram-positive, mesophilic, rod-shaped bacterium commonly found on soil.
Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology.
Paenibacillus popilliae (formerly Bacillus popilliae) is a soil-dwelling, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium.
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.
In microbiology, genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology, competence is the ability of a cell to alter its genetics by taking up extracellular ("naked") DNA from its environment in the process called transformation.
An obligate aerobe is an organism that requires oxygen to grow.
Oceanobacillus iheyensis is a bacterium, the type species of its genus.
Paenibacillus is a genus of facultative anaerobic, endospore-forming bacteria, originally included within the genus Bacillus and then reclassified as a separate genus in 1993.
Paenibacillus alvei (formerly Bacillus alvei) is a species of bacteria within the order Bacillales.
Paenibacillus polymyxa, also known as Bacillus polymyxa, is a Gram-positive bacterium capable of fixing nitrogen.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Peptidoglycan, also known as murein, is a polymer consisting of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh-like layer outside the plasma membrane of most bacteria, forming the cell wall.
Polyhydroxyalkanoates or PHAs are polyesters produced in nature by numerous microorganisms, including through bacterial fermentation of sugar or lipids.
A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
Pseudomonas is a genus of Gram-negative, Gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae and containing 191 validly described species.
Psychrobacillus insolitus is a bacterium from the genus of Psychrobacillus which has been isolated from soil.
Psychrobacillus psychrodurans is a psychrotolerant bacterium from the genus of Psychrobacillus which has been isolated from garden soil from Egypt.
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.
Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris) is a plant pathogenic fungus with a wide host range and worldwide distribution.
Ribonuclease (commonly abbreviated RNase) is a type of nuclease that catalyzes the degradation of RNA into smaller components.
The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).
Salibacterium halochares is a Gram-positive, aerobic and halophilic bacterium from the genus of Salibacterium which has been isolated from a saltern from Mesolongi in Greece.
Salibacterium qingdaonense is a Gram-positive and haloalkaliphilic bacterium from the genus of Salibacterium which has been isolated from crude sea salt near Qingdao in China.
Salimicrobium halophilum is a moderately halophilic bacterium from the genus of Salimicrobium which has been isolated from rotted wood in Japan.
Salipaludibacillus agaradhaerens is a facultative anaerobe bacterium.
Salipaludibacillus neizhouensis is a Gram-positive, facultatively alkaliphilic, slightly halophilic, endospore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic and non-motil bacterium from the genus of Salipaludibacillus which has been isolated from a sea anemone from Neizhou Bay from the South China Sea.
Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
Shigella is a genus of gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, nonspore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria genetically closely related to E. coli.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Sporosarcina pasteurii formerly known as Bacillus pasteurii from older taxonomies, is a bacterium with the ability to precipitate calcite and solidify sand given a calcium source and urea, through the process of microbiologically induced calcite precipitation or biological cementation.
Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.
Subtilisin is a non-specific protease (a protein-digesting enzyme) initially obtained from Bacillus subtilis.
Teichoic acids (cf. Greek τεῖχος, teīkhos, "wall", to be specific a fortification wall, as opposed to τοῖχος, toīkhos, a regular wall) are bacterial copolymers of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate and carbohydrates linked via phosphodiester bonds.
A test tube, also known as a culture tube or sample tube, is a common piece of laboratory glassware consisting of a finger-like length of glass or clear plastic tubing, open at the top and closed at the bottom.
In molecular biology, transformation is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of exogenous genetic material from its surroundings through the cell membrane(s).
Turgor pressure is the force within the cell that pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall.
In zoological nomenclature, a type species (species typica) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s).
Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, possessing a curved-rod shape (comma shape), several species of which can cause foodborne infection, usually associated with eating undercooked seafood.
Virgibacillus is a genus of Gram-positive, rod-shaped (bacillus) bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes.
16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) is the component of the 30S small subunit of a prokaryotic ribosome that binds to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence.