122 relations: Aircraft carrier, Allergen, Amsterdam, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Apron, Artisan, Aspergillus, Assize of Bread and Ale, Athenaeus, August Zang, Bagel Bakers Local 338, Baker percentage, Baker's yeast, Bakers, Food and Allied Workers' Union, Bakery, Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union, Baking, Beer, Bread, Bread machine, Bread roll, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Cakery, Calico, Caribbean, Cat, Catholic Church, Chocolate, Chorleywood bread process, Cocoa solids, Coffee cake, Columbian Exchange, Cotton-spinning machinery, CRC Press, Defensive wall, Dough, Employment, English name, Enzyme, Exchequer, Factors of production, Flour, Fraternity, Freedom of contract, French name, German name, Grain, Grocery store, ..., Guild, Hardtack, Hauts-de-France, Henry III of England, Honey, Honoratus of Amiens, Industrial Revolution, Investment, Journeyman, Kneading, Laissez-faire, Latin, Lazarus of Bethany, List of baked goods, List of bakers, List of restaurant terminology, Loaf, Lochner era, Lochner v. New York, London, Lord Mayor of London, Manchester, Manumission, Merchant, New York State Assembly, Norway, Occupational hazard, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Oil, Old World, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Oslo, Oven, Pastry chef, Patron saint, Pâtisserie, Peel (tool), Polish name, Price controls, Princeton University Press, Proofing (baking technique), Pub, Quality control, Restaurant, Riyadh, Rolling pin, Roman Catholic Diocese of Amiens, Royal Society of Chemistry, Rusk, Sales, Self-employment, Shire Books, Slavery in ancient Rome, Sliced bread, St. Honoré cake, Staple food, Sugar beet, Supreme Court of the United States, Tavern, Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Tortilla, U.S. state, Unit of measurement, United States Department of Labor, University of Oklahoma Press, USS John C. Stennis, Utica, New York, Vienna bread, Wheat allergy, White bread, Worshipful Company of Bakers, Yeast. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier 12 August 1737 – 13 December 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe.
An apron is a garment that is worn over other clothing and covers mainly the front of the body.
An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.
Aspergillus is a genus consisting of a few hundred mold species found in various climates worldwide.
The Assize of Bread and Ale (Assisa panis et cervisiae) was a 13th-century law in high medieval England, which regulated the price, weight and quality of the bread and beer manufactured and sold in towns, villages and hamlets.
Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.
August Zang (August 2, 1807 – March 4, 1888) was a nineteenth-century Austrian entrepreneur best known for founding the Viennese daily "Die Presse".
The Bagel Bakers Local 338 was a trade union local that was established in the early 1900s in New York City and whose craftsmen were the primary makers of New York's bagels, prepared by hand, until the advent of machine-made bagels in the 1960s led to its end as an independent organization in the 1970s.
Baker's percentage is a notation method indicating the proportion of an ingredient relative to the flour used in a recipe when making breads, cakes, muffins, and other baked goods.
Baker's yeast is the common name for the strains of yeast commonly used as a leavening agent in baking bread and bakery products, where it converts the fermentable sugars present in the dough into carbon dioxide and ethanol.
The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers' Union (BFAWU) is a trade union in the United Kingdom.
A bakery (a.k.a. baker's shop or bake shop) is an establishment that produces and sells flour-based food baked in an oven such as bread, cookies, cakes, pastries, and pies.
The Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union (BCTGM) is a labor union in the United States and Canada primarily representing workers in the food processing industry.
Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.
Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.
A bread making machine or bread maker is a home appliance for baking bread.
A roll is a small, often round loaf of bread served as a meal accompaniment (eaten plain or with butter).
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.
A cakery or cake shop is a retail business specializing in producing and/or selling cakes; they may also sell cupcakes, muffins, sponges, as well as other baked goods that fall under the title of a cake.
Calico (in British usage since 1505) is a plain-woven textile made from unbleached and often not fully processed cotton.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.
The Chorleywood bread process (CBP) is a process of making dough in bread production.
Cocoa solids are a mixture of many substances remaining after cocoa butter is extracted from cacao beans.
Coffee cake is cake intended to be eaten with, or flavored with, coffee.
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
Cotton-spinning machinery refers to machines which process (or spin) prepared cotton roving into workable yarn or thread.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Dough is a thick, malleable, sometimes elastic, paste made out of any grains, leguminous or chestnut crops.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
English names are names used in, or originating in, England.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
In the civil service of the United Kingdom, Her Majesty’s Exchequer, or just the Exchequer, is the accounting process of central government and the government's current account i.e. money held from taxation and other government revenues in the Consolidated Fund.
In economics, factors of production, resources, or inputs are which is used in the production process to produce output—that is, finished goods and services.
Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods.
A fraternity (from Latin frater: "brother"; "brotherhood"), fraternal order or fraternal organization is an organization, a society or a club of men associated together for various religious or secular aims.
Freedom of contract is the freedom of private or public individuals and groups (of any legal entity) to form nonviolent contracts without government restrictions.
This article describes the conventions for using people's names in France, including the norms of custom and practice, as well as the legal aspects.
Personal names in German-speaking Europe consist of one or several given names (Vorname, plural Vornamen) and a surname (Nachname, Familienname).
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.
Hardtack (or hard tack) is a simple type of biscuit or cracker, made from flour, water, and sometimes salt.
Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
Saint Honoratus of Amiens (Honoré, sometimes Honorius) (d. 16 May ca. 600) was the seventh bishop of Amiens.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.
A journeyman is a skilled worker who has successfully completed an official apprenticeship qualification in a building trade or craft.
Kneading is a process in the making of bread or pasta dough, used to mix the ingredients and add strength to the final product.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lazarus of Bethany, also known as Saint Lazarus or Lazarus of the Four Days, is the subject of a prominent miracle of Jesus in the Gospel of John, in which Jesus restores him to life four days after his death.
This is a list of baked goods.
This is a list of notable bakers.
This is a list of restaurant terminology.
A loaf is a shape, usually rounded or oblong, mass of food.
The Lochner era is a period in American legal history from 1897 to 1937 in which the Supreme Court of the United States is said to have made it a common practice "to strike down economic regulations adopted by a State based on the Court's own notions of the most appropriate means for the State to implement its considered policies," by using its interpretation of substantive due process to strike down laws held to be infringing on economic liberty or private contract rights.
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905), was a landmark U.S. labor law case in the US Supreme Court, holding that limits to working time violated the Fourteenth Amendment.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manumission, or affranchisement, is the act of an owner freeing his or her slaves.
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.
The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York State Legislature, the New York State Senate being the upper house.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
An occupational hazard is a hazard experienced in the workplace.
The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a publication of the United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics that includes information about the nature of work, working conditions, training and education, earnings and job outlook for hundreds of different occupations in the United States.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (March 8, 1841 – March 6, 1935) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932, and as Acting Chief Justice of the United States from January–February 1930.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
An oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for the heating, baking, or drying of a substance, and most commonly used for cooking.
A pastry chef or pâtissier (the French female version of the word is pâtissière), is a station chef in a professional kitchen, skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
A pâtisserie is a type of French or Belgian bakery that specializes in pastries and sweets, as well as a term for these types of food, in English often used without the accent.
A peel is a shovel-like tool used by bakers to slide loaves of bread, pizzas, pastries, and other baked goods into and out of an oven.
Polish names, have two main elements: the imię, the first name, or given name; and the nazwisko, the last name, surname or family name.
Price controls are governmental restrictions on the prices that can be charged for goods and services in a market.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Proofing (also called proving or more rarely blooming), as the term is used by bakers, is the final rise of shaped bread dough before baking.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Quality control, or QC for short, is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.
A rolling pin is a cylindrical food preparation utensil used to shape and flatten dough.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Amiens (Latin: Dioecesis Ambianensis; French: Diocèse d'Amiens) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
A rusk is a hard, dry biscuit or a twice-baked bread.
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
Self-employment is the state of working for oneself rather than an employer.
Shire Books are published by Bloomsbury Publishing, a book publishing company based in London, England, and formerly by Shire Publications Ltd.
Slavery in ancient Rome played an important role in society and the economy.
Sliced bread is a loaf of bread that has been sliced with a machine and packaged for convenience.
A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.
A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
A tavern is a place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and be served food, and in most cases, where travelers receive lodging.
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution in Britain was centred in south Lancashire and the towns on both sides of the Pennines.
A tortilla) is a type of thin, unleavened flatbread, typically made from corn or wheat. In Spanish, "tortilla" means "small torta", or "small cake". It was first made by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica prior to European contact. The Aztecs and other Nahuatl speakers call tortillas tlaxcalli.Nahuatl Dictionary. (1997). Wired Humanities Project. University of Oregon. Retrieved August 29, 2012, from.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same kind of quantity.
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.
The University of Oklahoma Press (OU Press) is the publishing arm of the University of Oklahoma.
USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) is the seventh nuclear-powered supercarrier in the United States Navy, named for Senator John C. Stennis of Mississippi.
Utica is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States.
Vienna bread is a type of bread that is produced from a process developed in Vienna, Austria, in the 19th century.
Wheat allergy is an allergy to wheat which typically presents itself as a food allergy, but can also be a contact allergy resulting from occupational exposure.
White bread typically refers to breads made from wheat flour from which the bran and the germ layers have been removed (and set aside) from the whole wheatberry as part of the flour grinding or milling process, producing a light-colored flour.
The Worshipful Company of Bakers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.