338 relations: Acacia, AD 78, Aestheticism, Airlangga, Alfred Russel Wallace, Allen & Unwin, Amed (Bali), Amlapura, Anak Agung Bagus Suteja, Andhra Pradesh, António Abreu, APEC Indonesia 2013, Artisan, ASEAN Summit, Asian palm civet, Asian water monitor, Association football, Australasia, Australians, Austronesian languages, Austronesian peoples, Ayung River, Badung Regency, Bali Aga, Bali Kingdom, Bali Mandara Toll Road, Bali myna, Bali Nusra Tangi, Bali Strait, Bali tiger, Bali United F.C., Balinese architecture, Balinese caste system, Balinese cuisine, Balinese dance, Balinese Hinduism, Balinese Kshatriya, Balinese language, Balinese mythology, Balinese people, Balinese temple, Bamboo, Bangkok, Bangli Regency, Bank Indonesia, Banteng, Banyan, Baris (dance), Barn swallow, Barong (mythology), ..., Barracuda, Bat, Batik, Begonia, Bhima, Biogeographic realm, Biogeography, Biome, Black giant squirrel, Black sand, Black-naped oriole, Borneo, Borneo F.C., Bougainvillea, Brahma, Brahmin, Buddhism, Bukit Peninsula, Buleleng Regency, Calendar, Candi Dasa, Caribbean, Caste, Chemical oxygen demand, Chinese Indonesians, Chinese people, Christianity, Coconut, Colin McPhee, Communist Party of Indonesia, Coral reef, Coral Triangle, Cornelis de Houtman, Crab-eating macaque, Crested serpent eagle, Crested treeswift, Culture of Indonesia, Custom (law), David Bowie, Democratic Party (Indonesia), Denpasar, Devata, Dewa Agung, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East Indies, Dutch intervention in Bali (1906), Dutch intervention in Bali (1908), East Kalimantan, Eat Pray Love, Eat, Pray, Love, Elizabeth Gilbert, Empire of Japan, Endemism, English language, Equator, Ethnic group, Ethnic groups in Europe, Expatriate, Fair trade coffee, Fakfak, Fern, Francisco Serrão, French language, Gamelan, Gamelan gong kebyar, Ganapatya, Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park, Geographical indication, German language, Giant moray, Gianyar Regency, Great egret, Green humphead parrotfish, Gregory Bateson, Grey reef shark, Halmahera, Hammerhead shark, Hawksbill sea turtle, Hayam Wuruk, Hibiscus, Hindu, Hinduism, Hinduism in Indonesia, Human Development Index, Hydrangea, Hydrophiinae, I Gusti Ngurah Rai, I Made Mangku Pastika, Ikat, Imperial Japanese Army, Indomalayan realm, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966, Indonesian National Party, Indonesian Railway Company, Ipomoea aquatica, Islam, Islamism, Isthmus, Jackfruit, Jakarta, Jan Gonda, Japanese language, Jasmine, Java, Java sparrow, Javan lutung, Javanese people, Jembrana Regency, Jimbaran, João de Barros, Kaimana, Karangasem Regency, Karnataka, Kasepekang, Kawi language, Kecak, King cobra, Kintamani, Bali, Klungkung Regency, Kopi Luwak, Korean language, Kshatriya, Kuta, Language, Legong, Leopard, Leopard cat, Lesser adjutant, Lesser Sunda Islands, Liga 1 (Indonesia), List of Governors of Bali, List of Indonesian provinces by Human Development Index, List of islands of Indonesia, List of regencies and cities of Indonesia, List of rivers of Bali, Lombok, Lombok Strait, Long-tailed shrike, Lovina Beach, Lt. Col. Wisnu Airfield, Madurese people, Mahabharata, Mahendradatta, Maize, Majapahit, Malay trade and creole languages, Malaysia, Maluku Islands, Mangupura, Manta ray, Margaret Mead, Maritime Southeast Asia, Masceti Beach, Melanesians, Miguel Covarrubias, Milky stork, Miss World 2013, Mohammad Hatta, Motion Picture Production Code, Mount Agung, Mount Batur, Mpu Sindok, Multi-sport event, Multilingualism, Mushroom, Music of Bali, Muslim, Negara, Bali, Nelumbo, Nerium, New Order (Indonesia), Ngaben, Ngurah Rai International Airport, Non-performing loan, Nusa Ceningan, Nusa Dua, Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Penida, Nyepi, Nymphaeaceae, Ocean sunfish, Oceania, Odalan, Old World monkey, Organic coffee, Oriental dollarbird, Oxford University Press, Oxygen saturation, Pacific swallow, Padangbai, Paddy field, Pancasila (politics), Pashupata Shaivism, Pawukon calendar, Pecatu, Penang, Pendet, Pine, Plumeria, Poinsettia, Provinces of Indonesia, Puputan, Pura Besakih, Purple mangosteen, Quaternary glaciation, Racket-tailed treepie, Raja Ampat Islands, Ramayana, Red-rumped swallow, Reticulated python, Rose, Rough Guides, Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, Russian language, Sacred kingfisher, Salak, Samarinda, Sampan, Sanskrit, Santorini, Sanur, Bali, Sasak people, Savanna nightjar, Sea eagle, Semarapura, Seminyak, Shaivism, Shudra, Shunning, Singapore, Singaraja, Southeast Asia, Squirrel, Sri Kesari Warmadewa, State of East Indonesia, Statistics Indonesia, Stork-billed kingfisher, Subak (irrigation), Sukarno, Sumatra, Sun Princess, Sunda pangolin, Surfing, Tabanan Regency, Tamarind, Tamil Nadu, Tanah Lot, The Malay Archipelago, The New York Times, Time in Indonesia, Tohpati, Topeng, Total suspended solids, Tourism, Tourism in Indonesia, Traffic light, Transition to the New Order, Transmigration program, Travel + Leisure, Tri Hita Karana, TripAdvisor, Tulamben, Ubud, Ubud Palace, Udayana Warmadewa, UNESCO, Vaishya, Vehicle registration plates of Indonesia, Volcano, Wallace Line, Walter Spies, Wayang, West Bali National Park, Will and testament, Woodswallow, Woodworking, World Heritage site, Y chromosome, Yellow-crested cockatoo, Yellow-vented bulbul, 1962 Asian Games, 2002 Bali bombings, 2005 Bali bombings, 2008 Asian Beach Games, 30 September Movement, 8th parallel south. Expand index (288 more) » « Shrink index
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
AD 78 (LXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Aestheticism (also the Aesthetic Movement) is an intellectual and art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
Airlangga (also spelled Erlangga), regnal name Rakai Halu Sri Lokeswara Dharmawangsa Airlangga Anantawikramottunggadewa (born 990 in Bali, Indonesia – died 1049 in Java), was the only raja of the Kingdom of Kahuripan.
Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 18237 November 1913) was an English naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist.
Allen & Unwin is an Australian independent publishing company, established in Australia in 1976 as a subsidiary of the British firm George Allen & Unwin Ltd., which was founded by Sir Stanley Unwin in August 1914 and went on to become one of the leading publishers of the twentieth century.
Amed is a long coastal strip of fishing villages in East Bali.
Amlapura is the regency seat of Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia.
Anak Agung Bagus Suteja (1923 - 1966?) was the first governor of Bali, appointed by President Sukarno in 1958, when Bali became a province.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
António Simões de Abreu, known simply by António Abreu (born 6 August 1947 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese engineer and politician.
The APEC Indonesia 2013 was the 25th annual gathering of APEC leaders.
An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.
The ASEAN Summit is a semiannual meeting held by the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in relation to economic, political, security and socio-cultural development of Southeast Asian countries.
The Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a small viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia.
Varanus salvator, commonly known as the water monitor or common water monitor, is a large lizard native to South and Southeast Asia.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).
Australians, colloquially known as Aussies, are people associated with Australia, sharing a common history, culture, and language (Australian English).
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.
The Ayung River is the longest river on the Indonesian island of Bali.
Badung is a regency of Bali, Indonesia.
The Bali Aga, Baliaga or Bali Mula are the indigenous people of Bali, predominantly located in the eastern part of the island, in Karangasem.
The Kingdom of Bali was a series of Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms that once ruled some parts of the volcanic island of Bali, in Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia.
Bali Mandara Toll Road or Nusa Dua-Ngurah Rai-Benoa Toll Road is a toll road carried by a bridge stretching across the Gulf of Benoa 12.7 km in length.
The Bali myna (Leucopsar rothschildi), also known as Rothschild's mynah, Bali starling, or Bali mynah, locally known as jalak Bali, is a medium-sized (up to long), stocky myna, almost wholly white with a long, drooping crest, and black tips on the wings and tail.
The country of Indonesia consists of more than 17,000 islands and hundreds of different cultures.
Bali Strait is a stretch of water separating Java and Bali while connecting the Indian Ocean and the Bali Sea.
The Bali tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is an extinct tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Bali.
Bali United Football Club is a professional football club based in Gianyar Regency, Bali, Indonesia that competes in Liga 1, an official competition that replaced Indonesia Super League.
Balinese architecture is a vernacular architecture tradition of Balinese people that inhabits volcanic island of Bali, Indonesia.
The Balinese caste system is a system of social organization similar to the Indian caste system.
Balinese cuisine is a cuisine tradition of Balinese people from the volcanic island of Bali.
Balinese dance is an ancient dance tradition that is part of the religious and artistic expression among the Balinese people of Bali island, Indonesia.
Balinese Hinduism (Agama Hindu Dharma; Agama Tirtha; Agama Air Suci; Agama Hindu Bali) is the form of monotheistic Hinduism practiced by the majority of the population of Bali.
Balinese Kshatriya is a Hindu Kshatriya community which exists in the island of Bali in Indonesia.
Balinese, or simply Bali, is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by 3.3 million people on the Indonesian island of Bali as well as northern Nusa Penida, western Lombok and eastern Java.
Balinese mythology is the traditional mythology of the people of the Indonesian island of Bali, before the majority adoption of Hinduism.
The Balinese (Indonesian: Suku Bali) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Bali.
A Pura is a Balinese Hindu temple.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Bangli is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
Bank Indonesia (BI) is the central bank of the Republic of Indonesia.
The banteng (Bos javanicus), also known as tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia.
A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice.
Baris is a family of traditional war dances of Bali, accompanied by gamelan, in which a dancers depict the feelings of a young warrior prior to battle, glorify the manhood of the triumphant Balinese warrior, and display the sublimity of his commanding presence.
The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world.
Barong is a lion-like creature and character in the mythology of Bali, Indonesia.
The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size, fearsome appearance and ferocious behaviour.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
Batik (Javanese: ꦧꦠꦶꦏ꧀) is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique originated from Indonesia.
Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae.
In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Bhima or Bhimasena (Sanskrit: भीम) is the second of the Pandavas.
A biogeographic realm or ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
The black giant squirrel or Malayan giant squirrel (Ratufa bicolor) is a large tree squirrel in the genus Ratufa native to the Indomalayan zootope.
Black sand is sand that is black in color.
The black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis) is a passerine bird in the oriole family that is found in many parts of Asia.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Borneo Football Club is an Indonesian football club based in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Bougainvillea is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees with flower-like spring leaves near its flowers.
Brahma (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मा, IAST: Brahmā) is a creator god in Hinduism.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Bukit Peninsula (Indonesian:Semenanjung Bukit) is at the southern end of the island of Bali, Indonesia.
For the district see Buleleng, Bali Buleleng is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes.
Candi Dasa is a seaside town in eastern Bali that rests on the edge of a fresh water lagoon, named Candi Dasa Lagoon.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.
In environmental chemistry, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) is an indicative measure of the amount of oxygen that can be consumed by reactions in a measured solution.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Colin Carhart McPhee (March 15, 1900 – January 7, 1964) was a Canadian composer and musicologist.
The Communist Party of Indonesia (Indonesian: Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) was a communist party in Indonesia that existed throughout the mid-20th century.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Coral Triangle is a geographical term so named as it refers to a roughly triangular area of the tropical marine waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste that contain at least 500 species of reef-building corals in each ecoregion.
Cornelis de Houtman (2 April 1565 – 1 September 1599), brother of Frederick de Houtman, was a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and who thus begun the Dutch spice trade.
The crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), also known as the long-tailed macaque, is a cercopithecine primate native to Southeast Asia.
The crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela) is a medium-sized bird of prey that is found in forested habitats across tropical Asia.
The crested treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata) is a kind of tree swift.
The culture of Indonesia has been shaped by long interaction between original indigenous customs and multiple foreign influences.
Custom in law is the established pattern of behavior that can be objectively verified within a particular social setting.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
The Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat) is a political party in Indonesia.
Denpasar (Balinese) is the capital of Bali and the main gateway to the island.
Deva is the Hindu term for deity; however, devata (Devanagari: देवता; Khmer: ទេវតា (tevoda); Javanese, Balinese, Sundanese, Malay and Indonesian: dewata; Batak languages: debata (Toba), dibata (Karo), naibata (Simalungun); Philippine languages: diwata) is a smaller, more focused deva.
Dewa Agung or Deva Agung was the title of the kings of Klungkung, the foremost in rank among the nine kingdoms of Bali, Indonesia.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1906 was a Dutch military intervention in Bali as a part of the Dutch colonial suppression, killing over 1,000 mostly civilians.
The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908 marked the final phase of Dutch colonial control over the island of Bali in Indonesia.
East Kalimantan (Indonesian) is a province of Indonesia.
Eat Pray Love is a 2010 American biographical romantic comedy-drama film starring Julia Roberts as Elizabeth Gilbert, based on Gilbert's best-selling memoir Eat, Pray, Love.
Eat, Pray, Love: One Woman's Search for Everything Across Italy, India and Indonesia is a 2006 memoir by American author Elizabeth Gilbert.
Elizabeth M. Gilbert (born July 18, 1969) is an American author, essayist, short story writer, biographer, novelist, and memoirist.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Fair Trade coffee is coffee that is certified as having been produced to fair trade standards.
Fakfak is a town in Indonesia and seat of the Fakfak Regency.
A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.
Francisco Serrão (died 1521) was a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Ferdinand Magellan.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gamelan is the traditional ensemble music of Java and Bali in Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.
Gamelan gong kebyar is a style or genre of Balinese gamelan music.
Ganapatya is a denomination of Hinduism that worships Ganesha (also called Ganapati) as the Saguna Brahman.
Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park (Taman Budaya Garuda Wisnu Kencana) or GWK, is a cultural park located at Ungasan, Badung in the island of Bali, Indonesia about 10–15 minutes driving from Ngurah Rai International Airport.
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus) is a species of moray eel and a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae.
Gianyar is a regency (kabupaten) in the Indonesian province and island of Bali, Indonesia.
The great egret (Ardea alba), also known as the common egret, large egret or (in the Old World) great white egret or great white heron is a large, widely distributed egret, with four subspecies found in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and southern Europe.
The green humphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) is the largest species of parrotfish, growing to lengths of and weighing up to.
Gregory Bateson (9 May 1904 – 4 July 1980) was an English anthropologist, social scientist, linguist, visual anthropologist, semiotician, and cyberneticist whose work intersected that of many other fields.
The grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, sometimes misspelled amblyrhynchus or amblyrhinchos) is a species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae.
Halmahera, formerly known as Jilolo, Gilolo, or Jailolo, is the largest island in the Maluku Islands.
The hammerhead sharks are a group of sharks in the family Sphyrnidae, so named for the unusual and distinctive structure of their heads, which are flattened and laterally extended into a "hammer" shape called a cephalofoil.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae.
Hayam Wuruk, also called (after 1350) Rajasanagara, Pa-ta-na-pa-na-wu, or Bhatara Prabhu, (1334–1389), was a Javanese Hindu King from the Rajasa Dynasty and the fourth monarch of the Indianised Majapahit Empire.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hinduism in Indonesia is practised by 1.7% of the total population, and by 83.5% of the population in Bali as of the 2010 census.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hydrangea (common names hydrangea or hortensia) is a genus of 70–75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (China, Japan, Korea, the Himalayas, and Indonesia) and the Americas.
The Hydrophiinae, commonly known as sea snakes or coral reef snakes, are a subfamily of venomous elapid snakes that inhabit marine environments for most or all of their lives.
Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai (30 January 1917 – 20 November 1946) was an Indonesian National Hero who commanded Indonesian forces in Bali against the Dutch during the Indonesian War of Independence.
I Made Mangku Pastika AO (born 22 June 1951 in Buleleng) is an Indonesian politician and retired National Police commissioner general who is the 9th and current Governor of Bali.
Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Indomalayan realm is one of the eight biogeographic realms.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
The Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966 (also variously known as the Indonesian massacres, Indonesian genocide, Indonesian Communist Purge, Indonesian politicide, or the 1965 Tragedy) were large-scale killings and civil unrest which occurred in Indonesia over several months, targeting communist sympathizers, ethnic Chinese and alleged leftists, often at the instigation of the armed forces and government.
The Indonesian National Party (Partai Nasional Indonesia, PNI) is the name used by several political parties in Indonesia from 1927 until the present day.
PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) (English: Indonesian Railways Company) is the major operator of public railways in Indonesia.
Ipomoea aquatica is a semiaquatic, tropical plant grown as a vegetable for its tender shoots and leaves.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
An isthmus (or; plural: isthmuses; from neck) is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
Jan Gonda, (14 April 1905 – 28 July 1991) was a Dutch Indologist and the first Utrecht professor of Sanskrit.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Jasmine (taxonomic name Jasminum) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae).
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
The Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora), also known as Java finch, Java rice sparrow or Java rice bird, is a small passerine bird.
The Javan lutung (Trachypithecus auratus), also known as the ebony lutung and Javan langur, is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.
Jembrana is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
Jimbaran is a fishing village and tourist resort in Bali, Indonesia.
João de Barros (1496 – 20 October 1570), called the Portuguese Livy, is one of the first great Portuguese historians, most famous for his Décadas da Ásia ("Decades of Asia"), a history of the Portuguese in India, Asia, and southeast Africa.
Kaimana is a small port town in West Papua, Indonesia and capital of the Kaimana Regency.
Karangasem Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Karangasem) is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kasepekang is a punishment under Balinese customary law.
Kawi (from Sanskrit: कवि "kavi" lit. "poet") is a literary and prose language on the islands of Java, Bali, and Lombok.
Kecak (pronounced ("Kechak"), alternate spellings: Kechak and Ketjak), known in Indonesian as Tari Kecak is a form of Balinese dance and music drama that was developed in the 1930s in Bali, Indonesia.
The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), also known as the hamadryad, is a venomous snake species in the family Elapidae, endemic to forests from India through Southeast Asia.
Kintamani is a village on the western edge of the larger caldera wall of Gunung Batur in Bali, Indonesia.
Klungkung is the smallest regency (kabupaten) on Bali, Indonesia.
Kopi luwak, or civet coffee, is coffee that includes part-digested coffee cherries eaten and defecated by the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Kshatriya (Devanagari: क्षत्रिय; from Sanskrit kṣatra, "rule, authority") is one of the four varna (social orders) of the Hindu society.
Kuta is administratively a district (kecamatan) and subdistrict/village (kelurahan) in southern Bali, Indonesia.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Legong is a form of Balinese dance.
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.
The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) is a small wild cat native to continental South, Southeast and East Asia.
The lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae.
The Lesser Sunda Islands (Kepulauan Nusa Tenggara "southeastern archipelago" or Kepulauan Sunda Kecil "lesser Sundanese archipelago") are a group of islands in Maritime Southeast Asia, north of Australia.
Liga 1 (English: League One), formerly known as the Indonesia Super League (ISL), also called GO-JEK Liga 1 for sponsorship reasons, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Indonesian football league system.
Below is a list of Governors who have held office in the province of Bali in Indonesia.
List of Indonesian provinces by HDI is in order of the HDI of Indonesian provinces.
The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.
This is the list of regencies and cities of Indonesia.
List of rivers flowing in the island of Bali, Indonesia.
Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia.
The Lombok Strait (Selat Lombok), is a strait connecting the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean, and is located between the islands of Bali and Lombok in Indonesia.
The long-tailed shrike or rufous-backed shrike (Lanius schach) is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes.
Lovina Beach (or often simply Lovina) is a coastal area on the northwestern side of the island of Bali, Indonesia.
Lieutenant Colonel Wisnu Airfield, (Letkol Wisnu Airfield, also referred to as Buleleng Airport) is located in Sumberkima Village, Buleleng province in the north-west corner of Bali, Indonesia.
The Madurese (sometimes Madurace or Madhure) also known as Orang Madura and Suku Madura in Indonesian are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Mahendradatta (961—1011 CE), also known as Gunapriya Dharmapatni, was the queen of Bali, the queen consort of Udayana Warmadewa, also popularly known as King Udayana from Warmadewa dynasty.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay had various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
Mangupura is the capital of Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia.
Manta rays are large rays belonging to the genus Manta.
Margaret Mead (December 16, 1901 – November 15, 1978) was an American cultural anthropologist who featured frequently as an author and speaker in the mass media during the 1960s and 1970s.
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.
Masceti Beach is a beach located in Medahan, Keramas Village, Blahbatuh District, Gianyar Regency in the Indonesian province and island of Bali, Indonesia.
Melanesians are the predominant indigenous inhabitants of Melanesia.
Miguel Covarrubias also known as José Miguel Covarrubias Duclaud (22 November 1904 — 4 February 1957) was a Mexican painter, caricaturist, illustrator, ethnologist and art historian.
The milky stork (Mycteria cinerea) is a medium, almost completely white plumaged stork species found predominantly in coastal mangroves in parts of Southeast Asia.
Miss World 2013, the 63rd edition of the Miss World pageant, was held on 28 September 2013 at Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center Bali, Indonesia.
Mohammad Hatta (12 August 1902 – 14 March 1980) was Indonesia's first vice president, later also serving as the country's prime minister.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a volcano in Bali, Indonesia, southeast of Mt Batur volcano, also in Bali.
Mount Batur (Gunung Batur) is an active volcano located at the center of two concentric calderas north west of Mount Agung on the island of Bali, Indonesia.
Mpu Sindok, throne name: Sri Isyana Vikramadhammatunggadeva, was the last king of the Sanjaya Dynasty who ruled the Kingdom of Mataram from Central Java, reigned from around 928 or 929 AD.
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Bali is an Indonesian island that shares in the gamelan and other Indonesian musical styles.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Negara is the capital city of the Jembrana Regency in Bali, Indonesia.
Nelumbo is a genus of aquatic plants with large, showy flowers.
Nerium oleander is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts.
The New Order (Orde Baru) is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his regime as he came to power in 1966.
Ngaben, also known as Pitra Yadyna, Pelebon or cremation ceremony, is the Hindu funeral ritual of Bali, Indonesia.
Ngurah Rai International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Ngurah Rai), officially known as I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport, is the main airport in Bali, located 13 km south of Denpasar.
A non-performing loan (NPL) is a loan that is in default or close to being in default.
Nusa Ceningan is a small island located between Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Penida, south of Bali, in Indonesia.
Nusa Dua, built in 1970s, is situated in the southern part of Bali, Indonesia.
Nusa Lembongan is an island located southeast of Bali, Indonesia at.
Nusa Penida is an island southeast of Indonesia's island Bali and a district of Klungkung Regency that includes the neighbouring small island of Nusa Lembongan.
Nyepi is a Balinese "Day of Silence" that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (in 2018, it falls on March 17).
Nymphaeaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly called water lilies.
The ocean sunfish or common mola (Mola mola) is the heaviest known bony fish in the world.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
An Odalan is a Balinese village temple festival in Indonesia.
The Old World monkeys or Cercopithecidae are a family of catarrhines, the only family in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade (or parvorder) of Catarrhini.
Organic coffee is coffee produced without the aid of artificial chemical substances, such as certain additives or some pesticides and herbicides.
The Oriental dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis) is a bird of the roller family, so named because of the distinctive blue coin-shaped spots on its wings.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Oxygen saturation (symbol SO2) is a relative measure of the concentration of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium as a proportion of the maximal concentration that can be dissolved in that medium.
The Pacific swallow (Hirundo tahitica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family.
Padangbai is a small coastal town in eastern Bali, Indonesia near Candidasa.
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice.
Pancasila is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state.
Pashupata Shaivism (पाशुपत) is the oldest of the major Shaivite Hindu schools.
The Pawukon is a 210-day calendar that has its origins in the Hindu religion in Bali, Indonesia.
Pecatu is a beach resort located in the southern peninsula of Bali, at the southwestern part of the peninsula.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
Pendet is a traditional dance from Bali, Indonesia, in which floral offerings are made to purify the temple or theater as a prelude to ceremonies or other dances.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
Plumeria is a genus of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae.
The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).
Puputan is a Balinese term that refers to a mass ritual suicide in preference to facing the humiliation of surrender.
Pura Besakih is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali, Indonesia.
The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), known simply as mangosteen, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands of the Malay archipelago and the Moluccas of Indonesia.
The Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Quaternary Ice Age or Pleistocene glaciation, is a series of glacial events separated by interglacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 Ma (million years ago) to present.
The racket-tailed treepie (Crypsirina temia) is an Asian treepie, a member of the crow family, Corvidae.
Located off the northwest tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia's West Papua province, Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
The red-rumped swallow (Cecropis daurica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family.
The reticulated python (Python reticulatus) is a species of python found in South Asia and Southeast Asia.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
Rough Guides Ltd is a British travel guidebook and reference publisher, since November 2017 owned by APA Publications.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger; KNIL) was the military force maintained by the Netherlands in its colony of the Netherlands East Indies (also known as the Dutch East Indies), in areas that are now part of Indonesia.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The sacred kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus) is a medium-sized woodland kingfisher that occurs in mangroves, woodlands, forests, and river valleys in Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the western Pacific.
Salak (Salacca zalacca) is a species of palm tree (family Arecaceae) native to Java and Sumatra in Indonesia.
Samarinda is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.
A sampan is a relatively flat bottomed Chinese wooden boat.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Santorini (Σαντορίνη), classically Thera (English pronunciation), and officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Greece's mainland.
Sanur (Indonesian: Pantai Sanur, pronounced sah-noor) is a coastal stretch of beach east of Denpasar city, southeast Bali, about 30 minutes drive from Ngurah Rai International Airport, which has grown into a little town in its own right.
The Sasak people live mainly on the island of Lombok, Indonesia, numbering around 3.6 million (85% of Lombok's population).
The savanna nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis) is a species of nightjar found in South and Southeast Asia.
A sea eagle (also called erne or ern, mostly in reference to the white-tailed eagle) is any of the birds of prey in the genus Haliaeetus in the bird of prey family Accipitridae.
Semarapura is the capital city of the Klungkung Regency in Bali, Indonesia.
Seminyak is a mixed tourist residential area on the west coast of Bali in Indonesia, just north of Kuta and Legian.
Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.
Shudra is the fourth varna, or one of the four social categories found in the texts of Hinduism.
Shunning can be the act of social rejection, or emotional distance.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Singaraja is a port town in northern Bali, Indonesia, which serves as the seat of Buleleng Regency.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, a family that includes small or medium-size rodents.
Sri Kesari Warmadewa was the first king of Bali to leave a written inscription.
The State of East Indonesia (Negara Indonesia Timur, old spelling: Negara Indonesia Timoer) was a post-World War II federal state (negara bagian) formed in eastern Netherlands East Indies by the Netherlands in 1948.
Statistics Indonesia, known in Indonesia as BPS (or Badan Pusat Statistik, the Indonesian translation of Central Agency on Statistics), is a non-departmental government institute of Indonesia that is responsible for conducting statistical surveys.
The stork-billed kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis), is a tree kingfisher which is widely but sparsely distributed in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, from India to Indonesia.
Subak is the water management (irrigation) system for paddy fields on Bali island, Indonesia which was developed in the 9th century.
Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Sun Princess is a built in 1995 and operated by Princess Cruises.
The Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica), also known as the Malayan or Javan pangolin, is a species of pangolin.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Tabanan is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tanah Lot is a rock formation off the Indonesian island of Bali.
The Malay Archipelago is a book by the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace which chronicles his scientific exploration, during the eight-year period 1854 to 1862, of the southern portion of the Malay Archipelago including Malaysia, Singapore, the islands of Indonesia, then known as the Dutch East Indies, and the island of New Guinea.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Indonesian archipelago geographically stretches across four time zones from UTC+7 in Aceh to UTC+9 in Western Papua.
Tohpati Ario Hutomo (born July 25, 1971) is an Indonesian jazz guitarist and songwriter.
Topeng (Indonesian for "mask") is a dramatic form of Indonesian dance in which one or more mask-wearing, ornately costumed performers interpret traditional narratives concerning fabled kings, heroes and myths, accompanied by gamelan music.
Total suspended solids (TSS) is the dry-weight of suspended particles, that are not dissolved, in a sample of water that can be trapped by a filter that is analyzed using a filtration apparatus.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Tourism in Indonesia is an important component of the Indonesian economy as well as a significant source of its foreign exchange revenues.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
Indonesia's transition to the "New Order" in the mid-1960s, ousted the country's first president, Sukarno, after 22 years in the position.
The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
Travel + Leisure is a travel magazine based in New York City, New York.
Tri Hita Karana is a traditional philosophy for life on the island of Bali, Indonesia.
TripAdvisor, Inc. is an American travel and restaurant website company providing hotel and restaurant reviews, accommodation bookings and other travel-related content.
Tulamben is a small fishing village on the north-east coast of Bali.
Ubud is a town on the Indonesian island of Bali in Ubud District, located amongst rice paddies and steep ravines in the central foothills of the Gianyar regency.
The Ubud Palace, officially Puri Saren Agung, is a historical building complex situated in Ubud, Gianyar Regency of Bali, Indonesia.
Udayana Warmadewa, also Dharmmodayana Warmadewa, was a king of the island of Bali in the 10th century.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu social order in Nepal and India.
All motorized vehicles including motorcycles in Indonesia are required to have registration plates.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
The Wallace Line or Wallace's Line is a faunal boundary line drawn in 1859 by the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace and named by Thomas Henry Huxley, that separates the ecozones of Asia and Wallacea, a transitional zone between Asia and Australia.
Walter Spies (15 September 1895 – 19 January 1942) was a Russian-born German primitivist painter, composer, musicologist, and curator.
Wayang (Krama Javanese: Ringgit, "Shadow"), also known as Wajang, is a form of puppet theatre art found in Indonesia and other parts of Southeast Asia, wherein a dramatic story is told through shadows thrown by puppets and sometimes combined with human characters.
West Bali National Park (Indonesian: Taman Nasional Bali Barat) is a national park located in Buleleng Regency, Bali, Indonesia.
A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, and names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution.
Woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds in the genus Artamus.
Woodworking is the activity or skill of making items from wood, and includes cabinet making (cabinetry and furniture), wood carving, joinery, carpentry, and woodturning.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.
The yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) also known as the lesser sulphur-crested cockatoo, is a medium-sized (approximately 34 cm long) cockatoo with white plumage, bluish-white bare orbital skin, grey feet, a black bill, and a retractile yellow or orange crest.
The yellow-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier), or eastern yellow-vented bulbul, is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds.
The 1962 Asian Games (Pesta Olahraga Asia 1962), were held from August 24, 1962 to September 4, 1962, in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The 2002 Bali bombings occurred on 12 October 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali.
The 2005 Bali bombings were a series of terrorist suicide bomb and a series of car bombs and attacks that occurred on 1 October 2005, in Bali, Indonesia.
The 2008 Asian Beach Games, the inaugural Asian Beach Games, was held in Bali, Indonesia, from 18 to 26 October 2008.
The Thirtieth of September Movement (Gerakan 30 September, abbreviated as G30S, also known by the acronym Gestapu for Gerakan September Tiga Puluh or sometimes called Gestok, for Gerakan Satu Oktober, First of October Movement) was a self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état.
The 8th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 8 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.