125 relations: A2 highway (Lithuania), A2 road (Latvia), A7 road (Latvia), Akmens tilts, Alexander Yakovlev (Russian politician), Alfred E. Senn, Ķekava, Širvintos, Baltic states, Baltos lankos, Bauska, Bonn, Catalan Way, Catalonia, Cathedral Square, Vilnius, Cēsis, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Coins of the Lithuanian litas, Communist Party of Lithuania, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union, Constitution of the Soviet Union, De jure, Drabeši Parish, East Germany, Eastern Europe, Enemy of the people, Erich Honecker, Estonia, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, European route E67, European Union, Financial Times, Forest Brothers, Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania, George H. W. Bush, Germans, Glasnost, Greenwich Mean Time, Helmut Kohl, History of Lithuania (book), Houston Chronicle, Human chain, Human rights, Iecava, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Karksi-Nuia, Latvia, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, ..., Līgatne, Lithuania, Lithuanian Institute of History, Lithuanian litas, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, London, Los Angeles, Memory of the World Programme, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Nazi Germany, New York City, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nuremberg trials, Occupation of the Baltic states, Ottawa, Panevėžys, Pasvalys, Pärnu, People's Parliament, Perestroika, Perth, Popular Front of Estonia, Popular Front of Latvia, Pravda, Propaganda in the Soviet Union, Pushkinskaya Square, Rapla, Rūjiena, Red Army, Remembrance Day, Republics of the Soviet Union, Reuters, Revolutions of 1989, Riga, Romania, Romualdas Ozolas, Sąjūdis, Seattle, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Siberia, Sigulda, Singing Revolution, Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet Union, Sphere of influence, St. Martin's Press, Stockholm, Supreme Soviet, Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR, Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, Taiwan, Tallinn, TASS, Tautiška giesmė, Türi, The Baltics Are Waking Up, The Globe and Mail, Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, Tulsa World, Ukmergė, UNESCO, United Nations, United Press International, Valmiera, Vangaži, Viljandi, Vilnius, Void (law), Vremya, Vytautas Landsbergis, Washington, D.C., West Germany, 228 Hand-in-Hand rally. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
The A2 motorway is a highway in Lithuania (Magistralinis kelias).
The A2 is a national road in Latvia connecting Riga to Estonian border (Veclaicene), also known as Vidzeme highway in Latvia.
The A7 is a national road in Latvia connecting Riga to the Lithuanian border (Grenctāle), through Bauska.
Akmens tilts is a bridge in Riga.
Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Я́ковлев; 2 December 1923 – 18 October 2005) was a Soviet politician and historian.
Alfred Erich Senn (April 12, 1932 – March 8, 2016) was a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Ķekava is a village in central Latvia.
Širvintos (Szyrwinty) is a city in Vilnius County in the eastern part of Lithuania.
The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
Baltos lankos (literally: white plains originating from a popular folk riddle white plains, black sheep), founded in 1992, is a Lithuania-based publishing house specializing in the humanities and literature.
Bauska is a town in Bauska Municipality, in the Zemgale region of southern Latvia.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
The Catalan Way (Via Catalana), also known as the Catalan Way towards Independence (Via Catalana cap a la Independència), was a human chain in support of Catalan independence from Spain.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
The Cathedral Square in Vilnius (Katedros aikštė) is the main square of the Vilnius Old Town, right in front of the neo-classical Vilnius Cathedral.
Cēsis, (Wenden, Venden, Võnnu, Kieś) is a town in Latvia located in the northern part of the Central Vidzeme Upland.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was de jure the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) between Party Congresses.
The modern coinage of Lithuania was introduced in 1993.
The Communist Party of Lithuania (Lietuvos komunistų partija, Коммунистическая партия Литвы) was a communist party in Lithuania, established in early October 1918.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union (Sʺezd narodnykh deputatov SSSR) was the highest body of state authority of the Soviet Union from 1989 to 1991.
There were three versions of the constitution of the Soviet Union, modeled after the 1918 Constitution established by the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR), the immediate predecessor of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Drabeši parish (Drabešu pagasts) is an administrative unit of the Amata Municipality, Latvia.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The term enemy of the people is a designation for the political or class opponents of the subgroup in power within a larger group.
Erich Honecker (25 August 1912 – 29 May 1994) was a German politician who, as the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, led the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1971 until the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official head of state as chairman of the State Council following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post. Honecker's political career began in the 1930s when he became an official of the Communist Party of Germany, a position for which he was imprisoned during the Nazi era. Following World War II, he was freed and soon relaunched his political activities, founding the youth organisation the Free German Youth in 1946 and serving as the group's chairman until 1955. As the Security Secretary of the Party’s Central Committee in the new East German state, he was the prime organiser of the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 and, in this function, bore responsibility for the "order to fire" along the Inner German border. In 1971, he initiated a political power struggle that led, with Soviet support, to his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Committee and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council. Under his command, the country adopted a programme of "consumer socialism" and moved toward the international community by normalising relations with West Germany and also becoming a full member of the UN, in what is considered one of his greatest political successes. As Cold War tensions eased in the late 1980s under perestroika and glasnost, the liberal reforms of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Honecker refused all but cosmetic changes to the East German political system, citing the continual hardliner attitudes of Kim Il-sung and Fidel Castro, whose respective regimes of North Korea and Cuba had been critical of reforms, leaders who ruthlessly suppressed opposition. As anticommunist protests grew, Honecker begged the USSR to intervene and suppress the protests to maintain communist rule in East Germany like the Prague Spring of 1968 and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956; Gorbachev refused. Honecker was forced to resign by his party in October 1989 in a bid to improve the government's image before the public. Honecker's eighteen years at the helm of the soon-to-collapse German Democratic Republic came to an end. Following German reunification, he sought asylum in the Chilean embassy in Moscow in 1991 but was extradited back to Germany a year later to stand trial for his role in the human rights abuses committed by the East German government. However, the proceedings were abandoned due to illness and he was freed from custody to travel to join his family in exile in Chile, where he died in May 1994 from liver cancer.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonian SSR or ESSR; Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik ENSV; Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика ЭССР, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika ESSR), also known as Soviet Estonia or Estonia was an unrecognized republic of the Soviet Union, administered by a subordinate of the Government of the Soviet Union.
The European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, known as the Black Ribbon Day in some countries, which is observed on 23 August, is the international remembrance day for victims of totalitarian ideologies, specifically totalitarian communist regimes, Stalinism, Nazism and fascism.
European route E 67 is an E-road running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The Forest Brothers (also Brothers of the Forest, Forest Brethren, or Forest Brotherhood; metsavennad, meža brāļi, miško broliai) were Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian partisans who waged a guerrilla war against Soviet rule during the Soviet invasion and occupation of the three Baltic states during, and after, World War II.
The Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania (Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras or LGGRTC) is a state-funded research institute in Lithuania dedicated to "the study of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes in Lithuania; the study of the persecution of local residents by occupying regimes; the study of armed and unarmed resistance to occupying regimes; the initiation of the legal evaluation of the activities of the organisers and implementers of genocide; and the commemoration of freedom fighters and genocide victims." The centre was founded on 25 October 1992 by the Supreme Council of the Lithuanian Republic as the "State Genocide Research Centre of Lithuania".
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
In the Russian language the word glasnost (гла́сность) has several general and specific meanings.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (3 April 1930 – 16 June 2017) was a German statesman who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 (of West Germany 1982–1990 and of the reunited Germany 1990–1998) and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1973 to 1998.
History of Lithuania (Lietuvos istorija) or Academic History of Lithuania (Akademinė Lietuvos istorija) is a thirteen-volume series of books dedicated to the history of Lithuania.
The Houston Chronicle is the largest daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States.
A human chain is a form of demonstration in which people link their arms as a show of political solidarity.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Iecava is a village on the via Baltica in Iecava municipality, in the Zemgale region of southern Latvia.
Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra KCMG (born January 19, 1920) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991.
Karksi-Nuia is a town in Mulgi Parish, Viljandi County, southern Estonia close to the Latvian border.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (Latvian SSR; Latvijas Padomju Sociālistiskā Republika; Латвийская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Latviyskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Latvia or Latvia, was a republic of the Soviet Union.
Līgatne (Ligat) is a town on the Gauja River, in Latvia.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The Lithuanian Institute of History (Lietuvos istorijos institutas) is a state-funded research institution in Lithuania.
The Lithuanian litas (ISO currency code LTL, symbolized as Lt; plural litai (nominative) or litų (genitive)) was the currency of Lithuania, until 1 January 2015, when it was replaced by the euro.
The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (Lithuanian SSR; Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika; Литовская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Litovskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), one of the USSR republics that existed in 1940–1941 and 1944–1990, was formed on the basis of the Soviet occupation rule.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme is an international initiative launched to safeguard the documentary heritage of humanity against collective amnesia, neglect, the ravages of time and climatic conditions, and willful and deliberate destruction.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (shortly: Moldavian SSR, abbr.: MSSR; Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească, in Cyrillic alphabet: Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ; Молда́вская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика Moldavskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known to as Soviet Moldavia or Soviet Moldova, was one of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union existed from 1940 to 1991.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
The occupation of the Baltic states involved the military occupation of the three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—by the Soviet Union under the auspices of the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in June 1940 followed by their incorporation into the USSR as constituent republics in August 1940 - most Western powers never recognised this incorporation.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Panevėžys (Latin: Panevezen, Poniewież, פּאָנעװעזש Ponevezh) see also other names, is the fifth largest city in Lithuania. As of 2011, it occupied with 113,653 inhabitants. The largest multifunctional arena in Panevėžys, Cido Arena, hosted the Eurobasket 2011 group matches.
Pasvalys (פּאָסװאָל Posvol) is a city in Panevėžys County, Lithuania, located near the bank of the Svalia River.
Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.
The term People's Parliaments or People's Assemblies (Tautas Saeima, Liaudies Seimas) was used in 1940 for puppet legislatures put together after show elections in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to legitimize the occupation by the Soviet Union.
Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
The Popular Front of Estonia (Rahvarinne), introduced to the public by the Estonian politician Edgar Savisaar under the short-lived name Popular Front for the Support of Perestroika, was a political organisation in Estonia in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
The Popular Front of Latvia (Latvijas Tautas fronte) was a political organisation in Latvia in late 1980s and early 1990s which led Latvia to its independence from the Soviet Union.
Pravda (a, "Truth") is a Russian broadsheet newspaper, formerly the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, when it was one of the most influential papers in the country with a circulation of 11 million.
Communist propaganda in the Soviet Union was extensively based on the Marxism-Leninism ideology to promote the Communist Party line.
Pushkinskaya Square or Pushkin Square in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow.
Rapla is a town in central Estonia, the administrative centre of Rapla County and Rapla Parish.
Rūjiena (Rujen; Ruhja) is a town in Latvia, seat of the homonym municipality, in the northern Vidzeme.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Remembrance Day (sometimes known informally as Poppy Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty.
The Republics of the Soviet Union or the Union Republics (r) of the Soviet Union were ethnically based proto-states that were subordinated directly to the Government of the Soviet Union.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romualdas Ozolas (January 31, 1939 – April 6, 2015) was a Lithuanian politician, activist, writer and pedagogue who taught at Vilnius University.
Sąjūdis ("Movement"), initially known as the Reform Movement of Lithuania (Lietuvos Persitvarkymo Sąjūdis), is the political organisation which led the struggle for Lithuanian independence in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sigulda (Segewold) is a town in the Vidzeme Region of Latvia, from the capital city Riga.
The Singing Revolution is a commonly used name for events between 1987 and 1991 that led to the restoration of the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Soviet occupation of the Baltic states covers the period from the Soviet–Baltic mutual assistance pacts in 1939, to their invasion and annexation in 1940, to the mass deportations of 1941.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Supreme Soviet (Верховный Совет, Verkhóvnyj Sovét, literally "Supreme Council") was the common name for the legislative bodies (parliaments) of the Soviet socialist republics (SSR) in the Soviet Union.
The Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR (Lietuvos TSR Aukščiausioji Taryba; Верховный Совет Литовской ССР, Verkhovnyy Sovet Litovskoy SSR) was the supreme soviet (main legislative institution) of the Lithuanian SSR, one of the republics comprising the Soviet Union.
The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union was the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Russian News Agency TASS (Informatsionnoye agentstvo Rossii TASS), abbr.
Tautiška giesmė (The National Hymn) is the national anthem of Lithuania, also known by its opening words "Lietuva, Tėvyne mūsų" (official translation of the lyrics: "Lithuania, Our Homeland", literally: "Lithuania, Our Fatherland") and as "Lietuvos himnas" (Hymn of Lithuania).
Türi (Turgel) is a town in Järva County, Estonia.
The Baltics Are Waking Up! (Bunda jau Baltija, Atmostas Baltija, Ärgake, Baltimaad) is a trilingual song composed for the occasion of the Baltic Way, a large demonstration against the Soviet Union and for independence of the Baltic States in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Treaty on the Creation of the USSR officially created the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), commonly known as the Soviet Union.
The Tulsa World is the daily newspaper for the city of Tulsa, Oklahoma, and primary newspaper for the northeastern and eastern portions of Oklahoma.
Ukmergė ((Vilkomiria, Wiłkomierz, Вилькомир, ווילקאמיר Vilkomir) is a city in Vilnius County, Lithuania, located northwest of Vilnius, with a population of about 21,000 (2017).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
Valmiera (Wolmar; Wolmar see other names) is the largest city of the historical Vidzeme region, Latvia, with a total area of.
Vangaži (() is a town in central Latvia.
Viljandi (Fellin) is a town and municipality in southern Estonia with a population of 17,473 in 2013.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
In law, void means of no legal effect.
Vremya (Вре́мя, lit. "Time") is the main evening newscast in Russia, airing on Channel One Russia (Russian: Первый канал, Pervy kanal) and previously on Programme One of the Central Television of the USSR (CT USSR, Russian: Центральное телевидение СССР, ЦТ СССР).
Vytautas Landsbergis (born 18 October 1932) is a Lithuanian conservative politician and Member of the European Parliament.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The 228 Hand-in-Hand rally was a demonstration in the form of a human chain held in Taiwan on 28 February 2004, the 57th anniversary of the February 28 Incident.