60 relations: Adenoviridae, Anelloviridae, Arenavirus, Arterivirus, Astrovirus, Asymptomatic, Birnaviridae, Bunyavirales, Caliciviridae, Cancer, CccDNA, Cell cycle, Cell division, Cell nucleus, Circoviridae, Cistron, Coronaviridae, Cytoplasm, David Baltimore, DNA, DNA polymerase, DNA replication, Filoviridae, Flaviviridae, Geminiviridae, Genome, Hepadnaviridae, Hepatitis B, Herpesviridae, Integrase, Malignant transformation, Messenger RNA, Microviridae, Nanoviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Papovavirus, Paramyxoviridae, Parvoviridae, Picornavirus, Poxviridae, Prokaryote, Proteolysis, Rabies virus, Reoviridae, Retrovirus, Reverse transcriptase, Rhabdoviridae, Ribosomal frameshift, RNA, Rolling circle replication, ..., Sense (molecular biology), Smallpox, Subgenomic mRNA, Taxonomy (biology), Togaviridae, Transcription (biology), Transfusion transmitted virus, Vertebrate, Virus, Virus classification. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.
The Anelloviridae are a recently discovered family of viruses.
An arenavirus is a virus which is a member of the family Arenaviridae.
Arterivirus is the only genus of viruses in the family Arteriviridae, which is within the order Nidovirales.
Astrovirus is a type of virus that was first discovered in 1975 using electron microscopes following an outbreak of diarrhea in humans.
In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.
Birnaviridae is a family of viruses.
Bunyavirales is an order of negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses.
The Caliciviridae are a family of viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
cccDNA (covalently closed circular DNA) is a special DNA structure that arises during the propagation of some viruses in the cell nucleus and may remain permanently there.
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to produce two daughter cells.
Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
Circoviridae is a family of viruses.
A cistron is an alternative term to a gene.
Coronaviridae is a family of enveloped, positive-stranded RNA viruses.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
David Baltimore (born March 7, 1938) is an American biologist, university administrator, and 1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.
In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.
The family Filoviridae is the taxonomic home of several related viruses (filoviruses or filovirids) that form filamentous infectious viral particles (virions), and encode their genome in the form of single-stranded negative-sense RNA.
Flaviviridae is a family of viruses.
Geminiviridae is a family of plant viruses.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
Hepadnaviridae is a family of viruses.
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that affects the liver.
Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in animals, including humans.
Retroviral integrase (IN) is an enzyme produced by a retrovirus (such as HIV) that enables its genetic material to be integrated into the DNA of the infected cell.
Malignant transformation is the process by which cells acquire the properties of cancer.
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.
Microviridae is a family of bacteriophages with a single-stranded DNA genome.
Nanoviridae is a family of viruses.
The Orthomyxoviruses (ὀρθός, orthós, Greek for "straight"; μύξα, mýxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes seven genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.
A papovavirus is any member of the former virus family of Papovaviridae.
Paramyxoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.
The Parvoviridae are a family of small, rugged, genetically-compact DNA viruses, known collectively as parvoviruses.
A picornavirus is a virus belonging to the family Picornaviridae, a family of viruses in the order Picornavirales.
Poxviridae is a family of viruses.
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.
Rabies virus is a neurotropic virus that causes rabies in humans and animals.
Reoviridae is a family of viruses.
A retrovirus is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus with a DNA intermediate and, as an obligate parasite, targets a host cell.
A reverse transcriptase (RT) is an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription.
The Rhabdoviridae are a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.
A "ribosomal frameshift" allows alternative translation of an mRNA sequence by changing the open reading frame.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Rolling circle replication describes a process of unidirectional nucleic acid replication that can rapidly synthesize multiple copies of circular molecules of DNA or RNA, such as plasmids, the genomes of bacteriophages, and the circular RNA genome of viroids.
In molecular biology and genetics, the sense of nucleic acid molecules (often DNA or RNA) is the nature of their roles and their complementary molecules' nucleic acid units' roles in specifying amino acids.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Subgenomic mRNA's are essentially smaller sections of the original transcribed template strand.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
Togaviridae is a family of viruses.
Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.
TT virus (TTV) was the first member of the new family Anelloviridae to be discovered.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Virus classification is the process of naming viruses and placing them into a taxonomic system.