299 relations: ABS-CBN, Africa, Agriculture, Al-Andalus, American University, Americas, Amylase, Andhra Pradesh, Andrew Preston, Andy Warhol, Antonius Musa, APG III system, Aphid, Arabic, Archaeology, Around the World in Eighty Days, Artichoke, Asexual reproduction, Asia, Augustus, Australia (continent), Backpacking (travel), Bamboo, Banana beer, Banana bunchy top virus, Banana chip, Banana equivalent dose, Banana flour, Banana Pancake Trail, Banana peel, Banana republic, Banana wine, Banana Xanthomonas wilt, Bark (botany), Berry (botany), Binomial nomenclature, Black sigatoka, Boston Fruit Company, Botanical name, Botok, Bract, Brazil, Burundi, Butyl acetate, Calorie, Cameroon, Carbohydrate, Carl Linnaeus, Carpet, Center of origin, ..., Central America, CGIAR, Chiang Mai, China, Chiquita Brands International, Chlorophyll, Coconut, Cold War, Colombia, Commelinids, Commodity, Common Era, Contamination, Cooking, Cooking banana, Corm, Cultivar, Cultivar group, Cyclone, Dani Alves, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Developing country, Dietary fiber, Dole Food Company, Domestication, Dominican Republic, Dwarf Cavendish banana, East African Highland bananas, Eating, Ecuador, Egypt, Emoji, Enclave economy, Ensete, Ensete glaucum, Ensete ventricosum, Enzyme, Estadio de la Cerámica, Ester, Ethiopia, Ethylene, Fair trade, Farmer, Fat, Fe'i banana, Fiber, Fiji, Filipino cuisine, Flowering plant, Fluorescence, Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database, Food security, Frank Silver, Fritter, Fruit, Fruit preserves, Fungus, Fusarium, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, Garland, Gautama Buddha, Gel, Genetic engineering, Genome, Genus, Glutinous rice, GoodWeave International, Granada, Grand Nain, Gros Michel banana, Guineo, Gynoecium, Hadith, Hakama, Halo-halo, Harriet Lamb, Hate speech, Heavy metals, Herbaceous plant, Hindu, Hybrid (biology), Income, India, Indomalayan realm, Indonesia, Indonesian cuisine, Inflorescence, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, International Tropical Fruits Network, Irving Cohn, Islam, Isoamyl acetate, Isobutyl acetate, Jackfruit, Jamaica, Jules Verne, Karat banana, Karnataka, Kathmandu Valley, Kaveri, Kenya, Kerala, Kijōka-bashōfu, Kimono, Kingdom of Cyprus, Kuk Swamp, Latex allergy, Latundan banana, Limassol, List of Asian cuisines, List of banana cultivars, Livestock, Lorenzo Dow Baker, Luigi Aloysius Colla, Lye, Madagascar, Malagasy people, Malays (ethnic group), Malaysia, Manganese, Mango, Manure, Maruya (food), Matsuo Bashō, Mendelian inheritance, Middle East, Minor Cooper Keith, Mohinga, Monocotyledon, Monopoly, Mother Nature Network, Mulch, Musa (genus), Musa acuminata, Musa × paradisiaca, Musa balbisiana, Musa coccinea, Musa velutina, Musaceae, Muses, Mushroom, Myanmar, Nang Tani, Nat (spirit), Nepal, New Scientist, North American Free Trade Agreement, Ornamental plant, Ovary (botany), Palestine (region), Panama disease, Pancake, Papua New Guinea, Parthenocarpy, Pectin, Pectinase, Peel (fruit), Pentachromacy, Pepes, Perennial plant, Petiole (botany), Philippines, Phloem, Photosynthesis, Physical comedy, Phytolith, Pisang goreng, Plant hormone, Plant stem, Plant tissue culture, Ploidy, Polyethylene, Polyploid, Pontianak (folklore), Portugal, Potassium, Potassium permanganate, Potassium-40, Potato, Propionate, Protein, Radioactive decay, Radionuclide, Ramadan, Reference Daily Intake, Refrigerator, Rhizome, Ripening, Rockefeller Foundation, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Rwanda, Saba banana, Sand, Sheet music, Silk, South Asia, South Asian cuisine, Southeast Asia, Spinach, Spirit, Spread of Islam, Starch, Sympodial, Synonym (taxonomy), Tablecloth, Tamale, Tamil culture, Tamil Nadu, Tanzania, Tetrachromacy, Textile, Thai curry, Thailand, The New Zealand Herald, The Velvet Underground, The Velvet Underground & Nico, Tiruchirappalli, Tissue culture, Tree, True plantains, Turon (food), Uganda, Ultraviolet, Umbrella, Unicode, United Nations, United States dollar, Vascular bundle, Vegetable, Vertical integration, Victorian era, Vietnam, Villarreal CF, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Water, Water purification, West Africa, Western Caribbean Zone, Western Highlands Province, Wilting, Windward Islands, Wolof language, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Xanthomonas campestris, Yarn, Yes! We Have No Bananas, Zingiberales. Expand index (249 more) » « Shrink index
ABS-CBN Corporation, commonly known as ABS-CBN, is a Filipino media and entertainment group based in Quezon City. It is the Philippines' largest entertainment and media conglomerate in terms of revenue, operating income, net income, assets, equity, market capitalization, and number of employees. ABS-CBN was formed by the merger of Alto Broadcasting System and Chronicle Broadcasting Network. ABS was founded in 1946 by American electronics engineer James Lindenberg as Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC). In 1952, BEC was renamed Alto Broadcasting System (ABS), after Judge Antonio Quirino, brother of President Elpidio Quirino, purchased the company. The company that would later be merged with ABS was founded in 1956 as Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) by newspaper mogul Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and his brother Fernando Lopez (then Vice President of the Philippines). The two companies were merged and incorporated as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation on 1 February 1967, and renamed ABS-CBN Corporation in 2010 to reflect the company's diversification. The common shares of ABS-CBN were first traded on the Philippine Stock Exchange in July 1992 under the ticker symbol ABS. The group owns and operates the ABS-CBN and ABS-CBN Sports+Action national television networks as well as the Radyo Patrol and My Only Radio regional radio networks. The ABS-CBN television network, in particular, is the largest contributor to the group's revenue, generating about 50 to 60 percent of the group's total annual revenue mainly from selling airtime to advertisers. The remaining revenue is generated from consumer sales, mainly from ABS-CBN Global Ltd. which distributes international television channels such as The Filipino Channel and Myx TV and from pay TV and broadband internet provider Sky. Other companies under the ABS-CBN group are motion picture company Star Cinema, music recording label Star Music, publishing firm ABS-CBN Publishing, pay TV content provider and distributor Creative Programs, and talent agency Star Magic. Among the pay TV networks and channels under the ABS-CBN group are ABS-CBN HD, ABS-CBN News Channel, ABS-CBN Sports+Action HD, Cinema One, Jeepney TV, Metro Channel, Liga, and Myx. In recent years, ABS-CBN has ventured and diversified in other businesses such as cellular telephony provider ABS-CBN Mobile, video on demand platform I Want TV, digital terrestrial television service ABS-CBN TV Plus, family entertainment center Kidzania Manila, and home shopping network O Shopping. ABS-CBN is also the principal owner of ABS-CBN Philharmonic Orchestra.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
The American University (AU or American) is a private United Methodist-affiliated research university in Washington, D.C., United States.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andrew Woodbury Preston (1846–1924) was a prominent American businessman at the turn of the 20th century.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Antonius Musa (Greek Ἀντώνιος Μούσας) was a Greek botanist and the Roman Emperor Augustus's physician; Antonius was a freedman who received freeborn status along with other honours.
The APG III system of flowering plant classification is the third version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy being developed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG).
Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Around the World in Eighty Days (Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours) is an adventure novel by the French writer Jules Verne, published in 1873.
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus)Rottenberg, A., and D. Zohary, 1996: "The wild ancestry of the cultivated artichoke." Genet.
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it does not involve the fusion of gametes, and almost never changes the number of chromosomes.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental shelf.
Backpacking is a form of low-cost, independent travel.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Banana beer is an alcoholic beverage made from fermentation of mashed bananas.
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Nanoviridae.
Banana chips are dried slices of bananas (fruits of herbaceous plants of the genus Musa of the soft, sweet "dessert banana" variety).
Banana equivalent dose (BED) is an informal measurement of ionizing radiation exposure, intended as a general educational example to compare a dose of radioactivity to the dose one is exposed to by eating one average-sized banana.
Banana flour is a powder traditionally made of green bananas.
"Banana Pancake Trail" or "Banana Pancake Circuit" is the name given to growing routes around Southeast Asia travelled by backpackers and other tourists.
A banana peel, also called banana skin in British English, is the outer covering of the banana fruit.
In political science, the term banana republic describes a politically unstable country with an economy dependent upon the exportation of a limited-resource product, e.g. bananas, minerals, etc.
Banana wine is a fruit wine made exclusively from bananas.
Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW), or banana bacterial wilt (BBW) or enset wilt is a bacterial disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv.
Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants.
In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
Black tsigatoka is a leaf-spot disease of banana plants caused by the ascomycete fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis (Morelet).
The Boston Fruit Company (1885-1899) was a fruit production and import business based in the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).
Botok (sometimes called Bobotok in its plural form or Botok-botok) is a traditional Javanese dish made from shredded coconut flesh which has been squeezed of its coconut milk, often mixed with other ingredients such as vegetables or fish, and wrapped in banana leaf and steamed.
In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
n-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an ester which is a colorless flammable liquid at room temperature.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
A center of origin (or centre of diversity) is a geographical area where a group of organisms, either domesticated or wild, first developed its distinctive properties.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food-secured future.
Chiang Mai (from เชียงใหม่, ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦ ᩲᩉ᩠ᨾ᩵) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chiquita Brands International Sàrl, formerly known as Chiquita Brands International Inc., is a Swiss producer and distributor of bananas and other produce.
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
In plant taxonomy, commelinids (originally commelinoids) (plural, not capitalised) is a name used by the APG IV system for a clade within the monocots, which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms.
In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
Contamination is the presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.
Cooking or cookery is the art, technology, science and craft of preparing food for consumption.
Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking.
A corm, bulbo-tuber, or bulbotuber is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat (perennation).
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
A Group (previously cultivar-groupInternational Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 4th edition (1969), 5th edition (1980) and 6th edition (1995)) is a formal category in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) used for cultivated plants that share a defined characteristic.
In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.
Daniel Alves da Silva (born 6 May 1983), commonly known as Dani Alves, is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a right back for French club Paris Saint-Germain and the Brazil national team.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Dole Food Company, Inc. is an American agricultural multinational corporation headquartered in Westlake Village, California.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
The Dwarf Cavendish banana is a widely grown and commercially important Cavendish cultivar.
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.
Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to allow for growth.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and web pages.
An enclave economy is defined as an economic system in which an export based industry dominated by international or non-local capital extracts resources or products from another country.
Ensete is a genus of monocarpic flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia.
Ensete glaucum, the snow banana, has also been classified as Musa nepalensis, Ensete giganteum, or Ensete wilsonii.
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Estadio de la Cerámica, formerly El Madrigal, is a football stadium in Villarreal, Spain, used since 1923.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
Fair trade is a social movement whose stated goal is to help producers in developing countries achieve better trading conditions.
A farmer (also called an agriculturer) is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
Fe'i bananas (also spelt Fehi or Fei) are cultivated plants in the genus Musa, used mainly for their fruit.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
Filipino cuisine (Lutuing Pilipino/Pagkaing Pilipino) is composed of the cuisines of 144 distinct ethno-linguistic groups found throughout the Philippine archipelago.
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
The Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) website disseminates statistical data collected and maintained by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.
Frank Silverstadt (September 8, 1892 or 1896 in Boston, Massachusetts – June 14, 1960 in Manhattan, New York), better known by his stage name Frank Silver, was an American songwriter, jazz drummer and vaudeville performer.
A fritter is a fried food usually consisting of a portion of batter or breading which has been filled with bits of meat, seafood, fruit, vegetables or other ingredients.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fruit preserves are preparations of fruits, vegetables and sugar, often canned or sealed for long-term storage.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi, part of a group often referred to as hyphomycetes, widely distributed in soil and associated with plants.
Fusarium oxysporum (Schlecht as emended by Snyder and HansenSnyder, W.C. and Hansen, H.N. 1940. The species concept in Fusarium. Am. J. Bot. 27:64-67.), an ascomycete fungus, comprises all the species, varieties and forms recognized by Wollenweber and Reinking within an infrageneric grouping called section Elegans.
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Panama disease of banana (Musa spp.), also known as fusarium wilt of banana.
A garland is a decorative wreath or cord (typically used at festive occasions) which can be hung round a person's neck or on inanimate objects like Christmas trees.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Glutinous rice (Oryza sativa var. glutinosa; also called sticky rice, sweet rice or waxy rice) is a type of rice grown mainly in Southeast and East Asia and the eastern parts of South Asia, which has opaque grains, very low amylose content, and is especially sticky when cooked.
GoodWeave International, formerly known as Rugmark, is a network of non-profit organizations dedicated to ending illegal child labour in the rug making industry.
Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
Grand Nain bananas (also spelled Grande Naine) are banana cultivars of Musa acuminata.
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, and literally Fat Michel in French, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown.
Guineos (pronounced) usually refers to an unripe banana.
Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.
Ḥadīth (or; حديث, pl. Aḥādīth, أحاديث,, also "Traditions") in Islam refers to the record of the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
are a type of traditional Japanese clothing.
Haluhalo or Halo-halo ("mixed together") is a popular Filipino dessert with a mixture of shaved ice and evaporated milk to which various ingredients are added, including boiled sweet beans, coconut, sago, gulaman (agar jelly), tubers, fruits, and yam ice cream.
Harriet Lamb CBE (born 3 June 1961) is the Chief Executive Officer of peacebuilding organisation International Alert, a role she took in November 2015.
Hate speech is speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, national origin, gender, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indomalayan realm is one of the eight biogeographic realms.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian cuisine is one of the most vibrant and colourful cuisines in the world, full of intense flavour.
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.
The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) works with partners to enhance crop quality and productivity, reduce producer and consumer risks, and generate wealth from agriculture, with the ultimate goals of reducing hunger, malnutrition, and poverty.
The International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet) is an independent and self-financing global network established under the auspices of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), whose role is to promote sustainable global development of the tropical fruit industry in relation to production, consumption and trade.
Irving Cohn (21 February 1898 in London – 12 July 1961 in Fort Lee, New Jersey) was a British-American songwriter, best known for "Yes! We Have No Bananas", which he co-wrote with Frank Silver in 1923.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Isoamyl acetate, also known as isopentyl acetate, is an organic compound that is the ester formed from isoamyl alcohol and acetic acid.
The chemical compound isobutyl acetate, also known as 2-methylpropyl ethanoate (IUPAC name) or β-methylpropyl acetate, is a common solvent.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Karat bananas are local cultivars of Fe'i banana found in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Population- 5 million The Kathmandu Valley (काठमाडौं उपत्यका, Nepalbhasa: स्वनिगः, नेपाः गाः), historically known as Nepal Valley or Nepa Valley, lies at the crossroads of ancient civilizations of Asia, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
is the Japanese craft of making cloth from the bashō or Japanese fibre banana as practiced in Kijōka in Ogimi, Okinawa.
The is a traditional Japanese garment.
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Crusader state that existed between 1192 and 1489.
Kuk Swamp is an archaeological site in New Guinea, that lies in the Wahgi Valley of the highlands.
Latex allergy is a medical term encompassing a range of allergic reactions to the proteins present in natural rubber latex.
Latundan bananas (also called Tundan, Silk bananas, Pisang raja sereh, Manzana bananas or Apple bananas), are triploid hybrid banana cultivars from the Philippines.
Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.
This is a list of Asian cuisines, by region.
The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Lorenzo Dow Baker (March 15, 1840 in Wellfleet, Massachusetts – June 21, 1908) was an American sailor, ship's captain and businessman whose 1870 voyage from the Orinoco to Jamaica and then to Philadelphia launched the modern banana production industry.
Luigi Aloysius Colla (30 April 1766 – 23 December 1848) was an Italian botanist of the late 18th and early 19th Centuries.
A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching ashes (containing largely potassium carbonate or "potash"), or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
The Malagasy (Malgache) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the island and country of Madagascar.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.
Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.
Maruya is a type of fritter from the Philippines.
, born 松尾 金作, then, was the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan.
Mendelian inheritance is a type of biological inheritance that follows the laws originally proposed by Gregor Mendel in 1865 and 1866 and re-discovered in 1900.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Minor Cooper Keith (19 January 1848 – 14 June 1929) was an American businessman whose railroad, commercial agriculture, and shipping enterprises much influenced the national economies of the Central American countries, and that of Colombia.
Mohinga is a rice noodle and fish soup from Myanmar and is an essential part of Burmese cuisine.
Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Mother Nature Network (mnn.com) is a website with news and information related to sustainability, health, lifestyle, technology, money, food, home, and family.
A mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of soil.
Musa is one of two or three genera in the family Musaceae; it includes bananas and plantains.
Musa acuminata is a species of banana native to Southeast Asia.
Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Musa balbisiana is a wild-type species of banana native to eastern South Asia, northern Southeast Asia, and southern China.
Musa coccinea, commonly known as scarlet banana or red-flowering banana, is a species of flowering plant in the banana and plantain family Musaceae, native to tropical China (in Guangdong, Guangxi, and southeastern Yunnan) and Vietnam.
Musa velutina, the hairy banana or pink banana, is a species of seeded banana.
Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nang Tani (นางตานี; "Lady of Tani") is a female spirit of the Thai folklore.
The nats (နတ်; MLCTS: nat) are spirits worshipped in Myanmar in conjunction with Buddhism.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.
Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.
Panama disease is a plant disease of the roots of banana plants.
A pancake (or hotcake, griddlecake, or flapjack) is a flat cake, often thin and round, prepared from a starch-based batter that may contain eggs, milk and butter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or frying pan, often frying with oil or butter.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy (literally meaning "virgin fruit") is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilization of ovules, which makes the fruit seedless.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
Pectinase is an enzyme that breaks down pectin, a polysaccharide found in plant cell walls.
Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off.
Pentachromacy describes the capability and capacity for capturing, transmitting, processing, and perceiving five independent channels of color information through the primary visual system.
Pepes is an Indonesian cooking method using banana leaf as food wrappings.
A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.
In botany, the petiole is the stalk that attaches the leaf blade to the stem.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, in particular the sugar sucrose, to parts of the plant where needed.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Physical comedy is a form of comedy focused on manipulation of the body for a humorous effect.
Phytoliths (from Greek, "plant stone") are rigid, microscopic structures made of silica, found in some plant tissues and persisting after the decay of the plant.
Pisang goreng (fried banana in Indonesian/Malay) is a snack food made of banana or plantain, covered in batter or not, being deep fried in hot cooking oil, mostly found throughout Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines.
Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
Plant tissue culture is a collection of techniques used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs under sterile conditions on a nutrient culture medium of known composition.
Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyploid cells and organisms are those containing more than two paired (homologous) sets of chromosomes.
The pontianak (Dutch-Indonesian spelling: boentianak, Jawi: ڤونتيانق) is a female vampiric ghost in Malay mythology.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
Potassium-40 (40K) is a radioactive isotope of potassium which has a very long half-life of 1.251 years.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
The propionate, or propanoate ion, is C2H5COO− (the conjugate base of propionic acid).
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
A refrigerator (colloquially fridge, or fridgefreezer in the UK) is a popular household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a temperature below the ambient temperature of the room.
In botany and dendrology, a rhizome (from script "mass of roots", from rhizóō "cause to strike root") is a modified subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.
Ripening is a process in fruits that causes them to become more palatable.
The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
Saba banana is a triploid hybrid (ABB) banana cultivar originating from the Philippines.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines from South Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) comprising the traditional cuisines from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives and when included in the definition, also that of Afghanistan.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.
A spirit is a supernatural being, often but not exclusively a non-physical entity; such as a ghost, fairy, or angel.
Early Muslim conquests in the years following Muhammad's death led to the creation of the caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area; conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities, particularly those of Imams, who intermingled with local populations to propagate the religious teachings.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
In botany, sympodial growth is a specialized lateral growth pattern in which the apical meristem is terminated and growth is continued by one or more lateral meristems, which repeat the process.
In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name,''ICN'', "Glossary", entry for "synonym" although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature.
A tablecloth is a cloth used to cover a table.
A tamale (tamal, tamalli) is a traditional Mesoamerican dish made of masa or dough (starchy, and usually corn-based), which is steamed in a corn husk or banana leaf.
Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Tetrachromacy is the condition of possessing four independent channels for conveying color information, or possessing four types of cone cells in the eye.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Thai curry refers both to dishes in Thai cuisine that are made with various types of curry paste and to the pastes themselves.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.
The Velvet Underground was an American rock band formed in 1964 in New York City by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Angus MacLise (replaced by Moe Tucker in 1965).
The Velvet Underground & Nico is the debut album by American rock band the Velvet Underground, released in March 1967 by Verve Records.
Tiruchirappalli (formerly Trichinopoly in English), also called Trichy, is a major tier II city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District.
Tissue culture is the growth of tissues or cells separate from the organism.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
"True" plantains are a group of cultivars of the genus Musa (bananas and plantains) placed in the Plantain subgroup of the AAB genome group.
Turon (Spanish: turrón de banana or turrón de plátano), also known as lumpiyang saging (Filipino for banana lumpia), is a Philippine snack made of thinly sliced bananas (preferably ''saba'' or Cardaba bananas) and a slice of jackfruit, dusted with brown sugar, rolled in a spring roll wrapper and fried.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
An umbrella or parasol is a folding canopy supported by wooden or metal ribs, which is usually mounted on a wooden, metal, or plastic pole.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
A vascular bundle is a part of the transport system in vascular plants.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
In microeconomics and management, vertical integration is an arrangement in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Villarreal Club de Fútbol, S.A.D. (S.A.D.), usually abbreviated to Villarreal CF or just Villarreal, is a Spanish football club based in Villarreal, a city in the province of Castellón within the Valencian Community.
Vitamin B6 refers to a group of chemically similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from water.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
The Western Caribbean Zone is a region consisting of the Caribbean coasts of Central America, from Yucatán in Mexico to northern Colombia, and also the islands west of Jamaica.
Western Highlands is a province of Papua New Guinea.
Wilting is the loss of rigidity of non-woody parts of plants.
The Windward Islands are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies.
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.
The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (usually abbreviated to WCSP) is an "international collaborative programme that provides the latest peer reviewed and published opinions on the accepted scientific names and synonyms of selected plant families." Maintained by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, it is available online, allowing searches for the names of families, genera and species, as well as the ability to create checklists.
Xanthomonas campestris is bacterial species that causes a variety of plant diseases, including "black rot" in cruciferous vegetables and bacterial wilt of turfgrass.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
"Yes! We Have No Bananas" is a novelty song by Frank Silver and Irving Cohn published July 19, 1923.
The Zingiberales are flowering plants forming one of four orders in the commelinids clade of monocots, together with its sister order, Commelinales.
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