685 relations: A New Beginning, A Singular Woman, Abbottabad, ABC News, Abraham Lincoln, Addis Ababa, Afghanistan, African Americans, African Union, Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, Al-Qaeda, Alan Keyes, Alexi Giannoulias, Alice Palmer (politician), All Things Considered, Altgeld Gardens Homes (Chicago, Illinois), American Archive of Public Broadcasting, American Civil War, American Health Care Act of 2017, American Political Science Association, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present), Angela Merkel, Ankara, Ann Dunham, Anne Hidalgo, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Anthropology, Antiquities Act, Anwar al-Awlaki, Apartheid, Arab League, Arab Spring, Arab–Israeli conflict, Ares I, Ares V, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Assassination threats against Barack Obama, Assault rifle, Associate attorney, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Associated Press, Atheism, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Audiobook, Automotive industry crisis of 2008–10, Bachelor of Arts, Barack Obama election victory speech, 2008, ..., Barack Obama presidential campaign, 2008, Barack Obama speech to joint session of Congress, September 2009, Barack Obama Sr., Barack Obama: The Story, Bashar al-Assad, Ben Bernanke, Benjamin Netanyahu, Berlin, Bernie Mac, Bill Clinton, Black church, Black people, Bloomberg L.P., Bloomberg News, Bo (dog), Bobby Rush, Broncos Stadium at Mile High, Brookings Institution, Budget Control Act of 2011, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., Bush tax cuts, Business International Corporation, C-SPAN, Cairo University, Calvert School, Calvin Coolidge, Camp David, Cannabis (drug), Capital punishment in the United States, Car Allowance Rebate System, Carol Moseley Braun, Catholic Church, Caucus, CBS News, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Jakarta, Charles de Gaulle, Charlotte, North Carolina, Chicago, Chicago Annenberg Challenge, Chicago Bears, Chicago Lawn, Chicago, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Tribune, Chicago White Sox, Children's Health Insurance Program, Chlorine, Christianity Today, Chrysler, Chrysler Chapter 11 reorganization, City College of New York, Civil and political rights, Civil rights movement, Class Action Fairness Act of 2005, Classes of United States Senators, Climate change, Cocaine, College-preparatory school, Columbia College (New York), Columbia University, Commission on Presidential Debates, Community organizing, Congressional Black Caucus, Congressional Budget Office, Congressional Quarterly, Conservation movement, Constellation program, Constitutional law, Contiguous United States, Counter-terrorism, Crain's Chicago Business, Crown Publishing Group, Cuba–United States relations, Cuban thaw, Dalai Lama, David Axelrod, David Cameron, David D. McKiernan, David Maraniss, David Mendell, David Petraeus, David Souter, Daytime Emmy Award, Death of Muammar Gaddafi, Death of Nelson Mandela, Death of Osama bin Laden, Debt limit, Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act, Deepwater drilling, Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Default (finance), Defense of Marriage Act, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Delaware, Delegate, Democratic National Convention, Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2008, Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2012, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Democratization, Depression (economics), Destruction of Syria's chemical weapons, Developing Communities Project, Dick Cheney, Dick Durbin, Disinvestment from Iran, Disinvestment from South Africa, Dmitry Medvedev, Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Don't ask, don't tell, Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, Donald Trump, DREAM Act, Dreams from My Father, Drilling rig, Drone strike, Drug Enforcement Administration, Earmark (politics), East Jerusalem, East–West Center, Economics, Economy of Africa, Education in Africa, Election, Electoral College (United States), Elementary school, Elena Kagan, Elizabeth II, Embryonic stem cell, Emmanuel Macron, Energy policy of the United States, English literature, English people, Estate tax in the United States, Evan Bayh, Evan Thomas, Executive One, Executive order, Family of Barack Obama, Fast food worker strikes, Federal Assault Weapons Ban, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Election Commission, Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, Federal government of the United States, Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax, Federal lands, Federal Reserve System, Feminism, Fiat Automobiles, Financial crisis of 2007–2008, Financial regulation, First inauguration of Barack Obama, Fisher House Foundation, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008, Fox News, François Hollande, France 24, Francis of Assisi, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, French presidential election, 2017, G20, Gallup (company), Gamaliel Foundation, Geir Lundestad, General Motors, General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization, George H. W. Bush, George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, George W. Bush, Germans, Ghouta chemical attack, Glamour (magazine), Global warming, Golden Rule, Gordon Brown, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album, Grant Park (Chicago), Great Depression, Great Recession, Group of Eight, Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Gulf Coast of the United States, Gulf of Mexico, Gun politics in the United States, Haaretz, Harold Ford Jr., HarperCollins, Harris Insights & Analytics, Harry S. Truman, Hartford Courant, Harvard Law Review, Harvard Law School, Harvard University, Hate crime laws in the United States, Havana, Hawaii, Hawaii Admission Act, Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, Health care in the United States, Health insurance marketplace, Healthcare reform in the United States, Hezbollah, Hillary Clinton, Hiroshima, Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Hispanic, Historical rankings of presidents of the United States, Hollingsworth v. Perry, Honest Leadership and Open Government Act, Honolulu, Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Hopkins & Sutter, HuffPost, Human Rights Campaign, Human spaceflight, Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois, Illinois Secretary of State, Illinois Senate, Illinois Senate career of Barack Obama, Illinois's 1st congressional district, Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000, Immigration Equality (organization), Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Inauguration of Donald Trump, Income inequality in the United States, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indoor tanning, Innovation economics, International military intervention against ISIL, International relations, International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis, International Space Station, International student, Internet access, Iranian presidential election, 2009, Iraq, Iraq Resolution, Iraq War, Iraq War De-Escalation Act of 2007, Iraqi insurgency (2011–13), Irish people, Iron Dome, Islamabad, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Israeli settlement, Ivy League, J-1 visa, Jack Ryan (politician), Jackson Park (Chicago), Jakarta, JAMA (journal), Jeff Sessions, Jefferson Davis, Jeffrey Goldberg, Jeremiah Wright, Jeremiah Wright controversy, Jesse White (politician), Jimmy Carter, Joe Biden, Johannesburg, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, John Kerry, John McCain, John Paul Stevens, Joint Base Andrews, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Joint Plan of Action, Joint Political Military Group, Joyce Foundation, Juris Doctor, Kalorama, Washington, D.C., Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children, Ken Salazar, Kensington Palace, Kenwood, Chicago, Keystone Pipeline, King v. Burwell, Kompas, Kwame Raoul, Lame duck (politics), Larissa MacFarquhar, Latin honors, Laurence Tribe, Leon Panetta, LGBT, LGBT in the United States, LGBT rights by country or territory, LGBT rights in the United States, Library of Congress, Libya, Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, Lincoln's House Divided Speech, List of African-American firsts, List of African-American United States Senators, List of Barack Obama presidential campaign endorsements, 2008, List of Barack Obama presidential campaign endorsements, 2012, List of international presidential trips made by Barack Obama, List of people granted executive clemency by Barack Obama, List of Presidents of the United States, List of things named after Barack Obama, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, List of United States Democratic Party presidential tickets, List of United States presidential elections by popular vote margin, List of United States Senators from Illinois, Liu Xiaobo, Lolo Soetoro, Los Angeles Times, Luo people (Kenya), Macondo Prospect, Madelyn Dunham, Mahmoud Abbas, Manchester Arena bombing, Margaret Thatcher, Mark Warner, Martti Ahtisaari, Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, Maya Soetoro-Ng, McCormick Place, Medicaid, Medicare (United States), Medicare Advantage, Menteng, Mexico City policy, Michael Eric Dyson, Michelle Obama, Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, Misrata, Mitt Romney, Molokai, Money (magazine), Moneygall, MSNBC, Muammar Gaddafi, Naoto Kan, Narendra Modi, NASA, National Association for Business Economics, National Association of Black Journalists, National Broadband Plan (United States), National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, National Football League, National Journal, National Monument (United States), Native Indonesians, NATO, Negotiations leading to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Nelson Mandela, Net neutrality, New START, New York (magazine), New York Public Interest Research Group, Newsweek, Nicolas Sarkozy, Nobel Peace Prize, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Norwegian Nobel Committee, NPR, NSA warrantless surveillance (2001–2007), Nuclear weapon, Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction, Nyang'oma Kogelo, Obama Foundation, Obama: From Promise to Power, Obergefell v. Hodges, Occidental College, OECD, Of counsel, Of Thee I Sing (book), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of the Vice President of the United States, Old State Capitol State Historic Site, One America Appeal, Operation Unified Protector, Organizing for Action, Osama bin Laden, Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Oslo, Ovarian cancer, Pakistan, Palace of Westminster, Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel, Paris Agreement, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Paul Ryan, Payday loan, PBS NewsHour, Pell Grant, Penguin Random House, Peter Fitzgerald (politician), Petroleum exploration in the Arctic, Pew Research Center, Philippines, Political science, Politico, PolitiFact, Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Francis, Portuguese Water Dog, Postgraduate education, Poverty in the United States, Pre-existing condition, Predatory lending, Presidency of Barack Obama, President of the Confederate States of America, President of the Palestinian National Authority, President of the United Nations Security Council, President of the United States, Presidential library, Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, Prisoner exchange, Profile in Courage Award, Project Cassandra, Project Vote, Protestantism, Protests against the Iraq War, Provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Public health insurance option, PublicAffairs, Public–Private Investment Program for Legacy Assets, Punahou School, Raúl Castro, Racial profiling, Random House, Reactions to the death of Osama bin Laden, Reconciliation (United States Congress), Redeemer (Christianity), Religious Freedom Restoration Act, Republican Party (United States), Resignation from the United States Senate, Resurrection of Jesus, Riverdale, Chicago, Riverhead Books, ROAR Magazine, Roberts Court, Roland Burris, Ronald Reagan, Roseland, Chicago, Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, Russian language, Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), Russian reset, Same-sex marriage in the United States, Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Sarah Palin, Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Scottish people, Seattle, Second inauguration of Barack Obama, Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act, Senior Advisor to the President of the United States, Seniority in the United States Senate, Sheila Miyoshi Jager, Shiloh Baptist Church (Washington, D.C.), Shinzō Abe, Sidley Austin, Sidwell Friends School, Simon & Schuster, Sinjar massacre, Sochi, Social policy of the Barack Obama administration, Somalia, Somerville, Massachusetts, Sonia Sotomayor, South Jakarta, South Shore, Chicago, South Side, Chicago, Space policy of the Barack Obama administration, Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, Special Forces (United States Army), SPEECH Act, Speeches of Barack Obama, Sponsor (legislative), Springfield, Illinois, St. John's Episcopal Church, Lafayette Square, Stanley A. McChrystal, Stanley Armour Dunham, START I, State Elementary School Menteng 01, Statute of limitations, Stay with It, Steeler Nation, Stephen Harper, Stimulus (economics), Sunny (dog), Super Bowl XLIII, Super Bowl XX, Supreme Court of the United States, Sustainable energy, Swiss people, Syria, Syrian Civil War, Tax bracket, Tax credit, Tax incentive, Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, Tebet, South Jakarta, Ted Kennedy, Texas, The Audacity of Hope, The Boston Globe, The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama, The Christian Science Monitor, The EastAfrican, The Gazette (Colorado Springs), The Guardian, The Hill (newspaper), The Honolulu Advertiser, The Nation, The New Republic, The New York Times, The New York Times International Edition, The Other Barack, The Pentagon, The Times of India, The Times of Israel, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Three Rivers Press, Tim Kaine, Time (magazine), Time Person of the Year, Times Square, Timothy Geithner, Tom Carper, Tom Coburn, Tomahawk (missile), Tony Rezko, Tort reform, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Transgender, Trickle-down economics, Trinity United Church of Christ, Two-state solution, U.S. Government Assessment of the Syrian Government's Use of Chemical Weapons on August 21, 2013, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334, United Press International, United States Armed Forces, United States Congress, United States debt ceiling, United States elections, 2010, United States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps, United States House of Representatives, United States House of Representatives elections, 2010, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy SEALs, United States order of precedence, United States presidential debates, United States presidential election, 2008, United States presidential election, 2012, United States presidential election, 2016, United States presidential visits to Sub-Saharan Africa, United States Secretary of State, United States Secretary of the Interior, United States Senate, United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs, United States Senate election in Illinois, 2004, United States Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation, United States v. Windsor, University of Chicago, University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, University of Chicago Law School, University of Hawaii, University of Hawaii at Manoa, University of Nairobi, University of Pennsylvania, University of Washington, USA Today, Uterine cancer, Valerie Jarrett, Vatican City, Violence Against Women Act, Vladimir Putin, Voice of America, Voter registration drive, Vox (website), Wailuku, Hawaii, Walter Mondale, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Washington (state), WBEZ, Welsh people, West Pullman, Chicago, WFED, WGBH Educational Foundation, White House, White House Council on Women and Girls, White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy, White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, White people, Wichita, Kansas, Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq, Women's suffrage, Woods Fund of Chicago, World Trade Center site, World War II, Xi Jinping, Yemen, Yes We Can (will.i.am song), Zionism, 1985 Chicago Bears season, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2004 Democratic National Convention, 2004 Democratic National Convention keynote address, 2005 American League Championship Series, 2008 Democratic National Convention, 2009 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, 2009 Nobel Peace Prize, 2010 United States federal budget, 2011 military intervention in Libya, 2011 State of the Union Address, 2012 Democratic National Convention, 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, 2014 Winter Olympics, 82nd Airborne Division. Expand index (635 more) » « Shrink index
"A New Beginning" is the name of a speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on 4 June 2009, from the Major Reception Hall at Cairo University in Egypt.
A Singular Woman: The Untold Story of Barack Obama's Mother is a 2011 book by former New York Times journalist Janny Scott.
Abbottabad (Urdu, ایبٹ آباد) is the capital city of Abbottabad District in the Hazara region of eastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
Al Arabiya (العربية, transliterated: or; meaning "The Arabic One" or "The Arab One") is a Saudi-owned pan-Arab television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
Alan Lee Keyes (born August 7, 1950) is an American conservative political activist, pundit, author, former diplomat, and perennial candidate for public office.
Alexander "Alexi" Giannoulias (born March 16, 1976) is an American financier and politician who served as Illinois Treasurer from 2007 to 2011.
Alice J. Palmer (born June 20, 1939) is an American educator and politician, a former Democratic member of the Illinois Senate.
All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).
Altgeld Gardens Homes is a Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) public housing project located on the far south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The is a collaboration of the Library of Congress and WGBH Educational Foundation, founded through the efforts of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Health Care Act of 2017 often shortened to the AHCA, or nicknamed Trumpcare, is a United States Congress bill to partially repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare.
The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), nicknamed the Recovery Act, was a stimulus package enacted by the 111th U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February 2009.
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was passed by the United States Congress on January 1, 2013, and was signed into law by US President Barack Obama the next day.
An American-led intervention in Iraq started on 15 June 2014, when President Barack Obama ordered United States forces to be dispatched to the region, in response to offensives in Iraq conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Stanley Ann Dunham (November 29, 1942 – November 7, 1995) was an American anthropologist who specialized in the economic anthropology and rural development of Indonesia.
Ana María "Anne" Hidalgo (born 19 June 1959) is a Spanish-French politician serving as Mayor of Paris since the 2014 municipal election.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
The Antiquities Act of 1906,, is an act passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906.
Anwar al-Awlaki (also spelled al-Aulaqi, al-Awlaqi; أنور العولقي Anwar al-‘Awlaqī; April 21, 1971 – September 30, 2011) was a Yemeni-American Islamist militiant, preacher, and imam.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
Ares I was the crew launch vehicle that was being developed by NASA as part of the Constellation program.
The Ares V (formerly known as the Cargo Launch Vehicle or CaLV) was the planned cargo launch component of the cancelled NASA Constellation program, which was to have replaced the Space Shuttle after its retirement in 2011.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, has been the target of several assassination threats and alleged plots since he first became a presidential candidate in 2007.
An assault rifle is a selective-fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.
An associate attorney is a lawyer and an employee of a law firm who does not hold an ownership interest as a partner.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.
The automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 was a part of a global financial downturn.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
Following his victory in the United States presidential election, 2008, then-President-elect Barack Obama gave his victory speech at Grant Park in his home city of Chicago, Illinois, on November 4, 2008, before an estimated crowd of 240,000.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Barack Obama, then junior United States Senator from Illinois, was announced on February 10, 2007 in Springfield, Illinois.
United States President Barack Obama discussed his plan for health care reform in a speech delivered to a joint session of the 111th United States Congress on September 9, 2009 at 8:00 PM (EDT).
Barack Hussein Obama Sr. (18 June 1936 – 24 November 1982) was a Kenyan senior governmental economist and the father of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
Barack Obama: The Story is a book written by David Maraniss on the life of United States President Barack Obama.
Bashar Hafez al-Assad (بشار حافظ الأسد, Levantine pronunciation:;; born 11 September 1965) is a Syrian politician who has been the 19th and current President of Syria since 17 July 2000.
Ben Shalom Bernanke (born December 13, 1953) is an American economist at the Brookings Institution who served two terms as Chairman of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, from 2006 to 2014.
Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu (born 21 October 1949) is an Israeli politician serving as the 9th and current Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, previously holding the position from 1996 to 1999.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bernard Jeffrey McCullough (October 5, 1957 – August 9, 2008), better known by his stage name Bernie Mac, was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and voice actor.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
The term black church or African-American church refers to Protestant churches that currently or historically have ministered to predominantly black congregations in the United States.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Bo (born October 9, 2008) is a pet dog of the Obama family, the former First Family of the United States.
Bobby Lee Rush (born November 23, 1946) is an American politician, civil rights leader and pastor.
Broncos Stadium at Mile High, previously known as Invesco Field at Mile High and Sports Authority Field at Mile High, and commonly known as Mile High, New Mile High or Mile High Stadium, is an American football stadium in Denver, Colorado, named Mile High due to the city's altitude of 5,280 feet.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
The Budget Control Act of 2011 is a federal statute enacted by the 112th United States Congress and signed into law by US President Barack Obama on August 2, 2011.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice.
The United States Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is a federal government agency belonging to the U.S. Department of Justice and a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.
Burwell v. Hobby Lobby,, is a landmark decision in United States corporate law by the United States Supreme Court allowing closely held for-profit corporations to be exempt from a regulation its owners religiously object to, if there is a less restrictive means of furthering the law's interest, according to the provisions of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA).
The phrase Bush tax cuts refers to changes to the United States tax code passed originally during the presidency of George W. Bush and extended during the presidency of Barack Obama, through.
Business International Corporation (BI) was a publishing and advisory firm dedicated to assisting American companies in operating abroad.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Cairo University (جامعة القاهرة, known as the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and King Fuad I University from 1940 to 1952) is Egypt's premier public university.
Calvert School, founded in 1897, is an independent, non-secular, co-educational lower and middle school located in Baltimore, Maryland.
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
Camp David is the country retreat for the President of the United States.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 31 states, the federal government, and the military.
The Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS), colloquially known as "cash for clunkers", was a $3 billion U.S. federal scrappage program intended to provide economic incentives to U.S. residents to purchase a new, more fuel-efficient vehicle when trading in a less fuel-efficient vehicle.
Carol Elizabeth Moseley Braun, also sometimes Moseley-Braun (born August 16, 1947), is an American diplomat, politician and lawyer who represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1993 to 1999.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat) is one of the five administrative cities (kota) which form Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Annenberg Challenge (CAC) was a Chicago public school reform project from 1995 to 2001 that worked with half of Chicago's public schools and was funded by a $49.2 million, 2-to-1 matching challenge grant over five years from the Annenberg Foundation.
The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago Lawn is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) – formerly known as the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) – is a program administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides matching funds to states for health insurance to families with children.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Christianity Today magazine is an evangelical Christian periodical that was founded in 1956 and is based in Carol Stream, Illinois.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Chrysler LLC and twenty-four of its affiliated subsidiaries filed a consolidated petition for bankruptcy on April 30, 2009, with the federal bankruptcy court in New York.
The City College of the City University of New York (more commonly referred to as the City College of New York, or simply City College, CCNY, or City) is a public senior college of the City University of New York (CUNY) in New York City.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
The U.S. Class Action Fairness Act of 2005, 28 U.S.C. Sections 1332(d), 1453, and 1711–1715, expanded subject-matter jurisdiction over many large class-action lawsuits and mass actions taken in the United States.
The three classes of United States Senators are made up of 33 or 34 Senate seats each.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
A college-preparatory school (shortened to preparatory school, prep school, or college prep) is a type of secondary school.
Columbia College is the oldest undergraduate college at Columbia University, situated on the university's main campus in Morningside Heights in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) is a nonprofit corporation established in 1987 under the joint sponsorship of the Democratic and Republican political parties in the United States.
Community organizing is a process where people who live in proximity to each other come together into an organization that acts in their shared self-interest.
The Congressional Black Caucus is a political organization made up of the African-American members of the United States Congress.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government that provides budget and economic information to Congress.
Congressional Quarterly, Inc., or CQ, is part of a privately owned publishing company called CQ Roll Call that produces a number of publications reporting primarily on the United States Congress.
The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental, and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future.
The Constellation Program (abbreviated CxP) is a cancelled manned spaceflight program developed by NASA, the space agency of the United States, from 2005 to 2009.
Constitutional law is a body of law which defines the role, powers, and structure of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the parliament or legislature, and the judiciary; as well as the basic rights of citizens and, in federal countries such as the United States and Canada, the relationship between the central government and state, provincial, or territorial governments.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
Crain's Chicago Business is a weekly business newspaper in Chicago.
The Crown Publishing Group is a subsidiary of Random House that publishes across several categories including fiction, non-fiction, biography, autobiography and memoir, cooking, health, business, and lifestyle.
Cuba and the United States restored diplomatic relations on 20 July 2015, which had been severed in 1961 during the Cold War.
The Cuban thaw was a warming of Cuba–United States relations that began in December 2014 ending a 54-year stretch of hostility between the nations.
Dalai Lama (Standard Tibetan: ཏཱ་ལའི་བླ་མ་, Tā la'i bla ma) is a title given to spiritual leaders of the Tibetan people.
David M. Axelrod (born February 22, 1955) is an American political consultant and analyst, best known for being the Chief Strategist for Barack Obama's presidential campaigns.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
David D. McKiernan (born December 11, 1950) is a retired United States Army four-star general who served in Afghanistan as Commander, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
David Maraniss (born 1949) is an American journalist and author, currently serving as an associate editor for The Washington Post.
David Mendell is an American journalist who wrote for the Chicago Tribune until the summer of 2008.
David Howell Petraeus (born November 7, 1952) is a retired United States Army general and public official.
David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) is a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
The Daytime Emmy Award is an American accolade bestowed by the New York–based National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in recognition of excellence in American daytime television programming.
Muammar Gaddafi, the deposed leader of Libya, was captured and killed on 20 October 2011 during the Battle of Sirte.
On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela, the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, as well as the country's first black head of state, died at the age of 95 after suffering from a prolonged respiratory infection.
Osama bin Laden, the founder and first leader of the Islamist group Al-Qaeda, was killed in Pakistan on May 2, 2011 shortly after 1:00 am PKT (20:00 UTC, May 1) by United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group (also known as DEVGRU or SEAL Team Six).
A debt limit is a legislative mechanism restricting the total amount that a country can borrow or how much debt it can be permitted to take on.
The Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act of 2007 was a bill introduced in the 110th Congress of the U.S. on January 31, 2007, by Sen.
Deepwater drilling, or Deep well drilling, is the process of creating holes by drilling rig for oil mining in deep sea.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill/leak, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) is an industrial disaster that began on 20 April 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect, considered to be the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry and estimated to be 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previous largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill.
In finance, default is failure to meet the legal obligations (or conditions) of a loan, for example when a home buyer fails to make a mortgage payment, or when a corporation or government fails to pay a bond which has reached maturity.
The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) (and) was a United States federal law that, prior to being ruled unconstitutional, defined marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states.
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) is an American immigration policy that allows some individuals who were brought to the United States illegally as children to receive a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation and become eligible for a work permit in the U.S. Unlike the proposed DREAM Act, DACA does not provide a path to citizenship for recipients.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
A delegate is someone who attends or communicates the ideas of or acts on behalf of an organization at a meeting or conference between organizations, which may be at the same level or involved in a common field of work or interest.
The Democratic National Convention (DNC) is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
The 2008 Democratic presidential primaries were the selection processes by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 2008 U.S. presidential election.
The 2012 Democratic presidential primaries and caucuses were the process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 U.S. presidential election.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Democratization (or democratisation) is the transition to a more democratic political regime.
In economics, a depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies.
The destruction of Syria's chemical weapons began on 14 September 2013 after Syria entered into several international agreements which called for the elimination of Syria's chemical weapon stockpiles and set a destruction deadline of 30 June 2014.
The Developing Communities Project (DCP) is a faith-based organization in Chicago, Illinois.
Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Richard Joseph Durbin (born November 21, 1944) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Illinois since 1997.
Disinvestment from Iran is campaign primarily in the United States that aims to encourage disinvestment from the state of Iran.
Disinvestment (or divestment) from South Africa was first advocated in the 1960s, in protest of South Africa's system of apartheid, but was not implemented on a significant scale until the mid-1980s.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (commonly referred to as Dodd–Frank) was signed into United States federal law by US President Barack Obama on July 21, 2010.
"Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT) was the official United States policy on military service by gays, bisexuals, and lesbians, instituted by the Clinton Administration on February 28, 1994, when Department of Defense Directive 1304.26 issued on December 21, 1993, took effect, lasting until September 20, 2011.
The Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010 is a landmark United States federal statute enacted in December 2010 that established a process for ending the Don't ask, don't tell (DADT) policy, thus allowing gays, lesbians, and bisexuals to serve openly in the United States Armed Forces.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
The DREAM Act (acronym for Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act) is an American legislative proposal for a multi-phase process for qualifying alien minors in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and, upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency.
Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance (1995) is a memoir by Barack Obama, who was elected as U.S. President in 2008.
A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth subsurface.
A drone strike is typically where an unmanned combat aerial vehicle fires a missile at a target.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.
In the United States and South African public finance, an earmark is a provision inserted into a discretionary spending appropriations bill that directs funds to a specific recipient while circumventing the merit-based or competitive funds allocation process.
East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem is the sector of Jerusalem that was occupied by Jordan in 1948 and had remained out of the Israeli-held West Jerusalem at the end of the 1948–49 Arab–Israeli War and has been occupied by Israel since the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
The East–West Center (EWC), or the Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West, is an education and research organization established by the U.S. Congress in 1960 to strengthen relations and understanding among the peoples and nations of Asia, the Pacific, and the United States.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, agriculture, and human resources of the continent.
Education in Africa is governed by the ministries of education in each country.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
Elementary school is a school for students in their first school years, where they get primary education before they enter secondary education.
Elena Kagan (pronounced; born April 28, 1960) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, nominated by President Barack Obama in May 10, 2010 and confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 5, 2010.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Embryonic stem cells (ES cells or ESCs) are pluripotent stem cells derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst, an early-stage pre-implantation embryo.
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (born 21 December 1977) is a French politician serving as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.
The energy policy of the United States is determined by federal, state, and local entities in the United States, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption, such as building codes and gas mileage standards.
This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from countries of the former British Empire, including the United States.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
The estate tax in the United States is a tax on the transfer of the estate of a deceased person.
Birch Evans "Evan" Bayh III (born December 26, 1955) is an American lawyer, lobbyist and politician of the Democratic Party who served as the junior United States Senator from Indiana from 1999 to 2011 and the 46th Governor of Indiana from 1989 to 1997.
Evan Welling Thomas III (born April 25, 1951) is an American journalist, historian, and author.
Executive One is the call sign designated for any United States civil aircraft when the President of the United States is on board.
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
The family of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, and his wife Michelle Obama is made up of people of Kenyan (Luo), African-American, and Old Stock American (including originally English, Scots-Irish, Welsh, German, and Swiss) ancestry.
The Fight for $15 an hour involves child care, home healthcare, airport, gas station, convenience store, and fast food workers striking for increased pay and the right to form a union with their employers.
The Federal Assault Weapons Ban (AWB), officially the Public Safety and Recreational Firearms Use Protection Act, is a subsection of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, a United States federal law, which included a prohibition on the manufacture for civilian use of certain semi-automatic firearms that were defined as assault weapons as well as certain ammunition magazines that were defined as "large capacity." The 10-year ban was passed by the US Congress on September 13, 1994, following a close 52–48 vote in the US Senate, and was signed into law by US President Bill Clinton on the same day.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Federal Election Commission (FEC) is an independent regulatory agency whose purpose is to enforce campaign finance law in United States federal elections.
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (S. 2590) is an Act of Congress that requires the full disclosure to the public of all entities or organizations receiving federal funds beginning in fiscal year (FY) 2007.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
The Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) is a United States federal payroll (or employment) contribution directed towards both employees and employers to fund Social Security and Medicare—federal programs that provide benefits for retirees, disabled people, and children of deceased workers.
Federal lands are lands in the United States owned by the federal government.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
The financial crisis of 2007–2008, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Financial regulation is a form of regulation or supervision, which subjects financial institutions to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, aiming to maintain the integrity of the financial system.
The first inauguration of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States took place on Tuesday, January 20, 2009.
Fisher House Foundation is best known for a network of comfort homes where families can stay at no cost while a loved one is receiving treatment.
The FISA Amendments Act of 2008, also called the FAA and Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008, is an Act of Congress that amended the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.
France 24 (pronounced "France vingt-quatre") is a state-owned 24-hour international news and current affairs television network based in Paris.
Saint Francis of Assisi (San Francesco d'Assisi), born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, informally named as Francesco (1181/11823 October 1226), was an Italian Catholic friar, deacon and preacher.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
The Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, or FERA,, is a public law in the United States enacted in 2009.
The 2017 French presidential election was held on 23 April and 7 May 2017.
The G20 (or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
Gamaliel Foundation provides training and consultation and develops national strategy for its affiliated congregation-based community organizations.
Geir Lundestad (born January 17, 1945) is a Norwegian historian, who until 2014 served as the director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute when Olav Njølstad took over.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
The 2009 General Motors Chapter 11 sale of the assets of automobile manufacturer General Motors and some of its subsidiaries was implemented through Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code in the United States bankruptcy court for the Southern District of New York.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, (born 12 April 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who was the tenth Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation from 1999 to 2004; he succeeded Javier Solana in that position.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
The Ghouta chemical attack occurred in Ghouta, Syria during the Syrian Civil War, in the early hours of 21 August 2013.
Glamour is a women's magazine published by Condé Nast Publications.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
The Golden Rule (which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album has been awarded since 1959.
Grant Park is a large urban park (319 acres or 1.29 km²) in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base,, The Independent, 29 April 2006 also referred to as Guantánamo or GTMO, which is on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.
The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Southern United States meets the Gulf of Mexico.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
Gun politics is an area of American politics defined by two opposing groups advocating for tighter gun control on the one hand and gun rights on the other.
Haaretz (הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – חדשות הארץ, – "News of the Land ") is an Israeli newspaper.
Harold Eugene Ford Jr. (born May 11, 1970) is an American financial managing director, pundit, author, and former U.S. congressman who served from 1997–2007 in the United States House of Representatives as a member of the Democratic Party from, centered in Memphis.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Harris Insights & Analytics, headquartered in Rochester, New York, is a market research firm, known for "The Harris Poll".
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Hartford Courant is the largest daily newspaper in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and is often recognized as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States.
The Harvard Law Review is a law review published by an independent student group at Harvard Law School.
Harvard Law School (also known as Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hate crime laws in the United States are state and federal laws intended to protect against hate crimes (also known as bias crimes) motivated by enmity or animus against a protected class of persons.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
The Admission Act, formally An Act to Provide for the Admission of the State of Hawaii into the Union is a statute enacted by the United States Congress and signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower which dissolved the Territory of Hawaii and established the State of Hawaii as the 50th state to be admitted into the Union.
The Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 is a law that was enacted by the 111th United States Congress, by means of the reconciliation process, in order to amend the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations.
In the United States, health insurance marketplaces, also called health exchanges, are organizations in each state through which people can purchase health insurance.
Healthcare reform in the United States has a long history.
Hezbollah (pronounced; حزب الله, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.
The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum is a museum located in Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, in central Hiroshima, Japan, dedicated to documenting the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in World War II.
The term Hispanic (hispano or hispánico) broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to Spain.
In political studies, surveys have been conducted in order to construct historical rankings of the success of individuals who have served as President of the United States.
Hollingsworth v. Perry refers to a series of United States federal court cases that legalized same-sex marriage in the State of California.
The Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007 is a law of the United States federal government that amended parts of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
The Honolulu Star-Bulletin was a daily newspaper based in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.
Hopkins & Sutter was a Chicago-based law firm that practiced from 1921 to 2000, when it merged with Milwaukee-based Foley & Lardner.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is the largest LGBT civil rights advocacy group and political lobbying organization in the United States.
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.
Hurricane Harvey is tied with Hurricane Katrina as the costliest tropical cyclone on record, inflicting $125 billion (2017 USD) in damage, primarily from catastrophic rainfall-triggered flooding in the Houston metropolitan area.
Hurricane Irma was an extremely powerful and catastrophic Cape Verde hurricane, the strongest observed in the Atlantic in terms of maximum sustained winds since Wilma, and the strongest storm on record to exist in the open Atlantic region.
Hyde Park is a neighborhood and community area on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. It is located on the shore of Lake Michigan seven miles (11 km) south of the Chicago Loop.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Secretary of State of Illinois is one of the six elected executive state offices of the government of Illinois, and one of the 47 secretaries of states in the United States.
The Illinois Senate is the upper chamber of the Illinois General Assembly, the legislative branch of the government of the state of Illinois in the United States.
Barack Obama served three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he was elected to the United States Senate.
Illinois's first congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The 2000 United States House of Representatives election for the 1st district in Illinois took place on November 7, 2000 to elect a representative from Illinois's 1st congressional district for the 107th United States Congress.
Immigration Equality is a United States nonprofit organization founded in 1994.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA),, also known as the Simpson–Mazzoli Act or the Reagan Amnesty, signed into law by Ronald Reagan on November 6, 1986, is an Act of Congress which reformed United States immigration law.
The inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States marked commencement of the four-year term of Donald Trump as President and Mike Pence as Vice President.
Income inequality in the United States has increased significantly since the 1970s after several decades of stability, meaning the share of the nation's income received by higher income households has increased.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
Indoor tanning involves using a device that emits ultraviolet radiation to produce a cosmetic tan.
Innovation economics is a growing economic theory that emphasizes entrepreneurship and innovation.
In response to rapid territorial gains made by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) during the first half of 2014, and its universally-condemned executions, reported human rights abuses and the fear of further spillovers of the Syrian Civil War, many states began to intervene against it in both the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War (2014–present).
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
International sanctions were imposed during the Ukrainian crisis by a large number of countries against Russia and Crimea following the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, which began in late February 2014.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
Foreign students are those who travel to a country different from their own for the purpose of tertiary study.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
Iran's tenth presidential election was held on 12 June 2009, with incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad running against three challengers.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iraq Resolution (formally the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, (pdf)) is a joint resolution passed by the United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing military action against Iraq.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
On January 30, 2007, then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama introduced the Iraq War De-Escalation Act of 2007.
The Iraqi insurgency, later referred to as the Iraq Crisis, escalated after the withdrawal of U.S. troops in 2011, resulting in violent conflict with the central government, as well as sectarian violence among Iraq's religious groups.
The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
Iron Dome (כִּפַּת בַּרְזֶל) is a mobile all-weather air defense system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
Israeli settlements are civilian communities inhabited by Israeli citizens, almost exclusively of Jewish ethnicity, built predominantly on lands within the Palestinian territories, which Israel has militarily occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War, and partly on lands considered Syrian territory also militarily occupied by Israel since the 1967 war.
The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private universities in the Northeastern United States.
A J-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa issued by the United States to research scholars, professors and exchange visitors participating in programs that promote cultural exchange, especially to obtain medical or business training within the U.S. All applicants must meet eligibility criteria, English language requirements, and be sponsored either by a university, private sector or government program.
John Clemens "Jack" Ryan (born October 6, 1959) is a former investment banker and American politician who was a candidate in the 2004 U.S. Senate race in Illinois.
Jackson Park is a 500-acre (2 km²) park located at 6401 South Stony Island Avenue in the Woodlawn community area on South Side in Chicago, Illinois.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 84th and current Attorney General of the United States since 2017.
Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.
Jeffrey Mark Goldberg (born September 22, 1965) is an American journalist and the editor-in-chief of The Atlantic.
Jeremiah Alvesta Wright Jr. (called Jerry; born September 22, 1941) is a pastor emeritus of Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago, a congregation he led for 36 years, during which its membership grew to over 8,000 parishioners.
The Jeremiah Wright controversy gained national attention in the United States, in March 2008 when ABC News, after reviewing dozens of U.S. Presidential candidate Barack Obama's pastor Jeremiah Wright's sermons, excerpted parts of his sermons about terrorist attacks on the United States and government dishonesty, which were subject to intense media scrutiny.
Jesse Clark White (born June 23, 1934) is an American athlete, educator and politician from the State of Illinois.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library and museum of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, (1917-1963), the 35th President of the United States (1961–1963).
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat he was first elected to in 1986.
John Paul Stevens (born April 20, 1920) is an American lawyer and jurist who served as an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1975 until his retirement in 2010.
Joint Base Andrews is a United States military facility located in Prince George's County, Maryland.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA; barnāmeye jāme‘e eqdāme moshtarak, acronym: برجام BARJAM), known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.
On 24 November 2013, the Joint Plan of Action (برنامه اقدام مشترک), also known as the Geneva interim agreement (توافق هستهای ژنو), was a pact signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in Geneva, Switzerland.
On November 29, 1983 a memorandum of agreement was set up between Israel and the United States regarding political, military and economic cooperation.
The Joyce Foundation is a charitable foundation based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees.
The Kalorama area within the Northwest Quadrant of Washington, D.C. includes the residential neighborhoods of Kalorama Triangle and Sheridan-Kalorama. The area is accessible from the Dupont Circle and Woodley Park Metro stations, as well as various bus lines.
Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children is part of Hawaii Pacific Health's network of hospitals.
Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician who served as the 50th United States Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013.
Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England.
Kenwood, one of Chicago's 77 community areas, is on the shore of Lake Michigan on the South Side of the city.
The Keystone Pipeline System is an oil pipeline system in Canada and the United States, commissioned in 2010 and now owned solely by TransCanada Corporation.
King v. Burwell,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States interpreting provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).
Kompas is an Indonesian national newspaper.
Kwame Raoul (born September 30, 1964) is an American lawyer and politician serving as a Democratic member of the Illinois Senate.
In politics, a lame duck is an elected official whose successor has already been elected.
Larissa MacFarquhar is an American writer known for her profiles in The New Yorker.
Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of distinction with which an academic degree has been earned.
Laurence Henry "Larry" Tribe (born October 10, 1941) is a Chinese-born American lawyer and scholar who is the Carl M. Loeb University Professor at the Harvard Law School in Harvard University.
Leon Edward Panetta (born June 28, 1938) is an American politician who has served in several different public office positions, such as Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and as a U.S. Representative from California.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
The United States is currently in a transition period regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United States of America vary by jurisdiction.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 is a federal statute in the United States that was the first bill signed into law by US President Barack Obama on January 29, 2009.
The House Divided Speech was an address given by Abraham Lincoln, later President of the United States, on June 16, 1858 at what was then the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, after he had accepted the Illinois Republican Party's nomination as that state's US senator.
African Americans (also known as Black Americans and Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group in the United States.
The United States Senate has had ten African-American elected or appointed office holders.
This is a list of notable persons and groups who formally endorsed or voiced support for Senator Barack Obama's presidential campaign during the Democratic Party primaries and the general election.
Many notable people and groups formally endorsed or voiced support for President Barack Obama's 2012 presidential re-election campaign during the Democratic Party primaries and the general election.
This is a list of international presidential trips made by Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States.
By the end of his presidency on January 20, 2017, Barack Obama had exercised his constitutional power to grant executive clemency—that is, "pardon, commutation of sentence, remission of fine or restitution, and reprieve"—to 1,927 individuals convicted of federal crimes.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
This is a list of things named after Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
A state of the United States is one of the 50 constituent entities that shares its sovereignty with the federal government.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the modern Democratic Party of the United States.
In United States presidential elections, the national popular vote is the sum of all votes cast in every state and the District of Columbia.
Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators.
Liu Xiaobo (刘晓波, 28 December 1955 – 13 July 2017) was a Chinese writer, literary critic, human rights activist, philosopher and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end communist one-party rule in China.
Lolo Soetoro (EYD: Lolo Sutoro;; 2 January 1935 Google Translate's Lolo studied geography at Gadjah Mada University and got a scholarship from the Indonesian Army Topographic Service. After working for the Indonesian Army Topographic Service, he worked for an American oil company, Unocal. – 2 March 1987), also known as Lolo Soetoro Mangunharjo or Mangundikardjo, was the Indonesian stepfather of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
The Luo (also called Joluo or Jonagi/Onagi, singular Jaluo, Jaonagi or Joramogi/Nyikwaramogi, meaning "Ramogi's heirs") are an ethnic group in western Kenya, northern Uganda, and in Mara Region in northern Tanzania.
The Macondo Prospect (Mississippi Canyon Block 252, abbreviated MC252) is an oil and gas prospect in the United States Exclusive Economic Zone of the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Louisiana.
Madelyn Lee Payne Dunham (October 26, 1922 – November 2, 2008) was the American maternal grandmother of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
Mahmoud Abbas (مَحْمُود عَبَّاس,; born 15 November 1935), also known by the kunya Abu Mazen (أَبُو مَازِن), is the President of the State of Palestine and Palestinian National Authority. He has been the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since 11 November 2004, and Palestinian president since 15 January 2005 (Palestinian National Authority since 15 January 2005, and State of Palestine since 8 May 2005). Abbas is a member of the Fatah party and was elected Chairman of Fatah in 2009. Abbas was elected on 9 January 2005 to serve as President of the Palestinian National Authority until 15 January 2009, but extended his term until the next election in 2010, citing the PLO constitution, and on December 16, 2009 was voted into office indefinitely by the PLO Central Council. As a result, Fatah's main rival, Hamas, initially announced that it would not recognize the extension or view Abbas as the rightful president. The Jerusalem Post (9 January 2009) Yet, Abbas is internationally recognized and Hamas and Fatah conducted numerous negotiations in the following years, leading to an agreement in April 2014 over a Unity Government, which lasted until October 2016, and therefore to the recognition of his office by Hamas. Abbas was also chosen as the President of the State of Palestine by the Palestine Liberation Organization's Central Council on 23 November 2008, a position he had held unofficially since 8 May 2005. Abbas served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to September 2003. Before being named prime minister, Abbas led the PLO Negotiations Affairs Department.
The Manchester Arena bombing was a suicide bombing attack in Manchester, United Kingdom on 22 May 2017.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Mark Robert Warner (born December 15, 1954) is an American businessman and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Virginia, a seat he was first elected to in 2008.
Martti Ahtisaari (officially Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari; born 23 June 1937) is a Finnish politician, the tenth President of Finland (1994–2000), a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work.
The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr.
Maya Kasandra Soetoro-Ng is the maternal half-sister of the 44th United States President Barack Obama.
McCormick Place is the largest convention center in North America.
Medicaid in the United States is a joint federal and state program that helps with medical costs for some people with limited income and resources.
In the United States, Medicare is a national health insurance program, now administered by the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services of the U.S. federal government but begun in 1966 under the Social Security Administration.
Medicare Advantage is a type of health insurance that provides coverage within Part C of Medicare in the United States.
Menteng is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, one of the administrative municipalities in the special capital territory of Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Mexico City policy, sometimes referred to by critics as the global gag rule,Population Action International.
Michael Eric Dyson (born October 23, 1958) an academic, author, preacher, and radio host.
Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama (born January 17, 1964) is an American lawyer and writer who served as the First Lady of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
The Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, also known as the "payroll tax cut", was an Act of the United States Congress.
Misurata (مصراته, Misurata, ⵎⵉⵙⵓⵔⴰⵜⴰ) is a city in the Misrata District in northwestern Libya, situated to the east of Tripoli and west of Benghazi on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misurata.
Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and politician who served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
Molokai (Hawaiian), nicknamed “The Friendly Isle”, is the fifth largest island of eight major islands that make up the Hawaiian Island Chain in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Money is a magazine that is published by Meredith Corporation.
Moneygall is a small village on the border of counties Offaly and Tipperary, in Ireland.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
is a Japanese politician, and former prime minister of Japan.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Association for Business Economics (NABE) is the largest international association of applied economists, strategists, academics, and policy-makers committed to the application of economics.
The National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ) is an organization of African-American journalists, students, and media professionals.
Connecting America: The National Broadband Plan is a Federal Communications Commission (FCC) plan to improve Internet access in the United States.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (123 Stat. 2190.) is a law in the United States signed by President Barack Obama on October 28, 2009.
National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius,, was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in which the Court upheld Congress' power to enact most provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), commonly called Obamacare, and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (HCERA), including a requirement for most Americans to have health insurance by 2014.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
National Journal is a research and advisory services company based in Washington, D.C. offering services in government affairs, advocacy communications and policy brands research for government and business leaders.
A national monument in the United States is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.
Native Indonesians, or Pribumi/Bumiputra (literally "inlanders"), are members of the population group in Indonesia that shares a similar sociocultural and ethnic heritage whose members are considered natives of the country.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
This article discusses the negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran that led to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) (Russian: СНВ-III, SNV-III) is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The New York Public Interest Research Group (NYPIRG) is a New York Statewide student-directed, non-partisan, not for profit political organization.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa KOGF GCB (born 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee (Den norske Nobelkomité) selects the recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize each year on behalf of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel's estate, based on instructions of Nobel's will.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
NSA warrantless surveillance (also commonly referred to as "warrantless-wiretapping" or "-wiretaps") refers to the surveillance of persons within the United States, including United States citizens, during the collection of notionally foreign intelligence by the National Security Agency (NSA) as part of the Terrorist Surveillance Program.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
As the fall of the Soviet Union appeared imminent, the United States and their allies began to worry about the concept that the nuclear weapons held in smaller countries by the Soviet Union could fall or would fall into enemy hands.
Nyang'oma Kogelo, also known as Kogelo, is a village in Siaya County, Kenya.
The Obama Foundation is a Chicago-based nonprofit organization founded in 2014.
Obama: From Promise to Power is a 2007 political biography, written by David Mendell, of Barack Obama from his childhood to the announcement of his candidacy for president of the United States.
Obergefell v. Hodges,, is a landmark civil rights case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in a 5–4 decision that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Occidental College is a private liberal arts college located in the Eagle Rock neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Of counsel is, in the legal profession of the United States, often the title of an attorney who has a relationship with a law firm or an organization, but is not an associate or a partner.
Of Thee I Sing: A Letter to My Daughters is a children's book by former United States President Barack Obama, with illustrations by Loren Long.
The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is an office within the United States Department of Energy.
The Office of the Vice President includes personnel who directly support or advise the Vice President of the United States.
The Old State Capitol State Historic Site, in Springfield, Illinois, is the fifth capitol building built for the U.S. state of Illinois.
The One America Appeal is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization founded on September 7, 2017, by all five living former U.S. Presidents: Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama.
Operation Unified Protector was a NATO operation in 2011 enforcing United Nations Security Council resolutions 1970 and 1973 concerning the Libyan Civil War and adopted on 26 February and 17 March 2011, respectively.
Organizing for Action (OFA) is a nonprofit 501(c)4 organization and community organizing project that advocates for the agenda of former U.S. President Barack Obama.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
Osama bin Laden's compound, known locally as the Waziristan Haveli (وزیرستان حویلی), was an upper-class mansion that was used as a safe house for militant Islamist Osama bin Laden, who was shot and killed there by U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Since 2001, Palestinian militants have launched thousands of rocket and mortar attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip as part of the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict.
The Paris Agreement (Accord de Paris) is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance starting in the year 2020.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often shortened to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or nicknamed Obamacare, is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010.
Paul Davis Ryan Jr. (born January 29, 1970) is an American politician serving as the 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2015.
A payday loan (also called a payday advance, salary loan, payroll loan, small dollar loan, short term, or cash advance loan) is a small, short-term unsecured loan, "regardless of whether repayment of loans is linked to a borrower's payday." The loans are also sometimes referred to as "cash advances," though that term can also refer to cash provided against a prearranged line of credit such as a credit card.
The PBS NewsHour is an American daily evening television news program that is broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), airing seven nights a week on more than 350 of the public broadcaster's member stations.
A Pell Grant is a subsidy the U.S. federal government provides for students who need it to pay for college.
Penguin Random House (PRH) is an American multinational publishing company formed in 2013 from the merger of Random House (owned by German media conglomerate Bertelsmann) and Penguin Group (owned by British publishing company Pearson PLC).
Peter Gosselin Fitzgerald (born October 20, 1960) is a former United States Senator from Illinois.
The exploration of the Arctic for petroleum is considered to be extremely technically challenging.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Politico, known earlier as The Politico, is an American political journalism company based in Arlington County, Virginia, that covers politics and policy in the United States and internationally.
PolitiFact.com is a blog operated by the editorial board of theTampa Bay Times, in which reporters and editors from the Times and affiliated media seek to fact-check statements by members of Congress, the White House, lobbyists, and interest groups.
Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
Pope Francis (Franciscus; Francesco; Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State.
The Portuguese Water Dog is a breed of working dog as classified by the American Kennel Club.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
Poverty is a state of deprivation, lacking the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.
In the context of healthcare in the United States, a pre-existing condition is a medical condition that started before a person's health benefits went into effect.
Predatory lending is the unfair, deceptive, or fraudulent practices of some lenders during the loan origination process.
The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017.
The President of the Confederate States of America was the elected head of state and government of the Confederate States.
The President of the Palestinian National Authority (رئيس السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
The President of the United Nations Security Council is the presiding officer of that body.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
In the United States, the presidential library system is a nationwide network of 15 libraries administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, (Henry Charles Albert David; born 15 September 1984) is a member of the British royal family.
A prisoner exchange or prisoner swap is a deal between opposing sides in a conflict to release prisoners: prisoners of war, spies, hostages, etc.
The Profile in Courage Award is a private award given to recognize displays of courage similar to those John F. Kennedy described in his book of the same name.
Project Cassandra is an effort led by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to undercut Hezbollah funding from illicit drug sources.
Project Vote (and Voting for America, Inc.) is a national nonpartisan, nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization that worked to mobilize marginalized and under-represented voters until it ceased operations on May 31, 2017.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Beginning in 2002, and continuing after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, large-scale protests against the Iraq War were held in many cities worldwide, often coordinated to occur simultaneously around the world.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is divided into 10 titles and contains provisions that became effective immediately, 90 days after enactment, and six months after enactment, as well as provisions phased in through to 2020.
The public health insurance option, also known as the public insurance option or the public option, is a proposal to create a government-run health insurance agency that would compete with other private health insurance companies within the United States.
PublicAffairs (or PublicAffairs Books) is an imprint of the Perseus Books Group, an American book publishing company located in New York City.
On March 23, 2009, the United States Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Reserve, and the United States Treasury Department announced the Public–Private Investment Program for Legacy Assets.
Punahou School (known as Oahu College until 1934) is a private, co-educational, college preparatory school located in Honolulu CDP, City and County of Honolulu in the U.S. State of Hawaii.
Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban politician and leader who is currently serving as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the Communist state, succeeding his brother Fidel Castro in April 2011.
Racial profiling is the act of suspecting or targeting a person of a certain race on the basis of observed characteristics or behavior, rather than on individual suspicion.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
On May 1, 2011, United States President Barack Obama confirmed that al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden had been killed in his compound in Abbottabad, northeastern Pakistan.
Reconciliation is a legislative process of the United States Congress that allows expedited passage of certain budgetary legislation on spending, revenues, and the federal debt limit with a simple majority vote in both the House (218 votes) and Senate (51 votes).
In Christian theology, Jesus is sometimes referred to as a Redeemer.
The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993, Pub.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
A member of the United States Senate can resign by writing a letter of resignation to the governor of the state that the senator represents.
The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".
Riverdale is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinois and is located on the city's far southeast side.
Riverhead Books is a division of Penguin Group (USA) founded in 1993 by Susan Petersen Kennedy.
ROAR Magazine is an independent publication that describes itself as a “journal of the radical imagination.” Its stated aim is to “provide grassroots perspectives from the front-lines of the global struggle for real democracy.” Founded as an activist blog in 2010, the project has since expanded into an online magazine and quarterly print journal.
The Roberts Court is the time since 2005 during which the Supreme Court of the United States has been led by Chief Justice John Roberts.
Roland Wallace Burris (born August 3, 1937) is an American politician and attorney who is a former United States Senator from the state of Illinois and a member of the Democratic Party.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Roseland, located on the far south side of the city, is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinois.
The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election in order to increase political instability in the United States and to damage Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign by bolstering the candidacies of Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders and Jill Stein.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War began in September 2015, after an official request by the Syrian government for military aid against rebel and jihadist groups.
In February 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory.
The Russian reset was an attempt by the Obama administration to improve relations between the United States and Russia in 2009.
Same-sex marriage in the United States was initially established on a state-by-state basis, expanding from 1 state in 2004 to 36 states in 2015, when, on June 26, 2015, same-sex marriage was established in all 50 states as a result of the ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States in the landmark civil rights case of Obergefell v. Hodges, in which it was held that the right of same-sex couples to marry on the same terms and conditions as opposite-sex couples, with all the accompanying rights and responsibilities, is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting occurred on December 14, 2012, in Newtown, Connecticut, United States, when 20-year-old Adam Lanza fatally shot 20 children between six and seven years old, as well as six adult staff members.
Sarah Louise Palin (née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
The second inauguration of Barack Obama as President of the United States, marked the commencement of the second term of Barack Obama as President and Joe Biden as Vice President.
Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act ("McCain-Kennedy Bill,") was an immigration reform bill introduced in the United States Senate on May 12, 2005 by Senators John McCain and Ted Kennedy.
Senior Advisor to the President is a title used by high-ranking assistants to the President of the United States.
Seniority in the United States Senate is valuable as it confers a number of benefits and is based on length of continuous service, with ties broken by a series of factors.
Sheila Miyoshi Jager (born 1963) is an American historian.
Shiloh Baptist Church is located at 1500 9th Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 in the historic Shaw District..
is a Japanese politician serving as the 63rd and current Prime Minister of Japan and Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) since 2012, previously being the 57th officeholder from 2006 to 2007.
Sidley Austin LLP, formerly known as Sidley Austin Brown & Wood LLP, is the sixth-largest U.S.-based corporate law firm with 2,000 lawyers and annual revenues of more than two billion dollars.
Sidwell Friends School is a highly selective Quaker school located in Bethesda, Maryland and Washington, D.C., offering pre-kindergarten through secondary school classes.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
The Sinjar massacre was the genocidal killing and abduction of thousands of Yazidi men in Sinjar (شنگال Şingal) city and Sinjar District in Iraq's Nineveh Governorate by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in August 2014.
Sochi (a) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
The Almanac of American Politics (2008) rated Barack Obama's overall social policies in 2006 as more conservative than 21% of the Senate, and more liberal than 77% of the Senate (18% and 77%, respectively, in 2005).
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
Somerville is a city located directly to the northwest of Boston, in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Sonia Maria Sotomayor (born June 25, 1954) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, appointed by President Barack Obama in May 2009 and confirmed in August 2009.
South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan) is one of the five administrative cities (kota) which form Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia.
South Shore is one of 77 defined community areas of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The South Side is a region of the city of Chicago.
The space policy of the Barack Obama administration was announced by U.S. President Barack Obama on April 15, 2010, at a major space policy speech at Kennedy Space Center.
On January 28, 1986, the NASA shuttle orbiter mission STS-51-L and the tenth flight of (OV-99) broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, killing all seven crew members, which consisted of five NASA astronauts and two payload specialists.
The United States Army Special Forces, colloquially known as the Green Berets due to their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare (the original and most important mission of Special Forces), foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism.
The Securing the Protection of our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage (SPEECH) Act is a 2010 federal statutory law in the United States that makes foreign libel judgments unenforceable in U.S. courts, unless either the foreign legislation applied offers at least as much protection as the U.S. First Amendment (concerning free speech), or the defendant would have been found liable even if the case had been heard under U.S. law.
Barack Obama served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
A sponsor or patron is a person, usually a legislator, who presents a bill or resolution for consideration.
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County.
Stanley Allen McChrystal (born August 14, 1954) is a retired United States Army general best known for his command of Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) in the mid-2000s.
Stanley Armour Dunham (March 23, 1918February 8, 1992) was the maternal grandfather of the 44th U.S. President Barack Obama.
START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms.
State Elementary School Menteng 01 (Sekolah Dasar Negeri (SDN) Menteng 01), also known as SDN Besuki or the Besuki school, is an Indonesian public school in Menteng, Jakarta.
Statutes of limitations are laws passed by legislative bodies in common law systems to set the maximum time after an event within which legal proceedings may be initiated.
Stay with It is a campaign in the United States intended to encourage and motivate engineering students to stay with the field of study and graduate with an engineer's degree.
Steeler Nation is an unofficial name for the fan-base of the National Football League's Pittsburgh Steelers.
Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian economist, entrepreneur, and retired politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Canada, from February 6, 2006, to November 4, 2015.
In economics, stimulus refers to attempts to use monetary or fiscal policy (or stabilization policy in general) to stimulate the economy.
Sunny (born June 11, 2012) is a pet dog of the Obama family, the former First Family of the United States.
Super Bowl XLIII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champions Pittsburgh Steelers and the National Football Conference (NFC) champions Arizona Cardinals to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2008 season.
Super Bowl XX was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Chicago Bears and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England Patriots to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1985 season.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Sustainable energy is energy that is consumed at insignificant rates compared to its supply and with manageable collateral effects, especially environmental effects.
The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland, or people of Swiss ancestry. The number of Swiss nationals has grown from 1.7 million in 1815 to 7 million in 2016. More than 1.5 million Swiss citizens hold multiple citizenship. About 11% of citizens live abroad (0.8 million, of whom 0.6 million hold multiple citizenship). About 60% of those living abroad reside in the European Union (0.46 million). The largest groups of Swiss descendants and nationals outside Europe are found in the United States and Canada. Although the modern state of Switzerland originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not usually considered to form a single ethnic group, but a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term. The demonym Swiss (formerly in English also Switzer) and the name of Switzerland, ultimately derive from the toponym Schwyz, have been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.
Tax brackets are the divisions at which tax rates change in a progressive tax system (or an explicitly regressive tax system, although this is much rarer).
A tax credit is a tax incentive which allows certain taxpayers to subtract the amount of the credit they have accrued from the total they owe the state.
A tax incentive is an aspect of a country's tax code designed to incentivize or encourage a particular economic activity.
The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, also known as the 2010 Tax Relief Act, was passed by the United States Congress on December 16, 2010, and signed into law by President Barack Obama on December 17, 2010.
Tebet is a subdistrict of South Jakarta, one of the administrative cities which form the Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia.
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream is the second book written by then-Senator Barack Obama.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama is a 2010 biography of Barack Obama, written by journalist David Remnick.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The EastAfrican is a weekly newspaper published in Kenya by the Nation Media Group, which also publishes Kenya's national Daily Nation.
The Gazette is a Pulitzer Prize-winning daily newspaper based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hill is an American political newspaper and website published in Washington, D.C. since 1994.
The Honolulu Advertiser was a daily newspaper published in Honolulu, Hawaii.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.
The Other Barack: The Bold and Reckless Life of President Obama's Father is a biography written by Sally H. Jacobs, a Boston Globe journalist.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Times of Israel is an Israeli-based online newspaper launched in 2012.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Three Rivers Press is the trade paperback imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House.
Timothy Michael Kaine (born February 26, 1958) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Virginia since 2013.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.
Timothy Franz Geithner (born August 18, 1961) is a former American central banker who served as the 75th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013.
Thomas Richard Carper (born January 23, 1947) is the senior United States Senator from Delaware, serving since 2001.
Thomas Allen Coburn (born March 14, 1948) is an American politician and medical doctor.
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile that is primarily used by the United States Navy and Royal Navy in ship and submarine-based land-attack operations.
Antoin "Tony" Rezko (born 1955) is an American businessman.
Tort reform refers to proposed changes in the civil justice system that aim to reduce the ability of victims to bring tort litigation or to reduce damages they can receive.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, and United States signed on 4 February 2016, which was not ratified as required and did not take effect.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
Trickle-down economics, also referred to as trickle-down theory, is an economic theory that advocates reducing taxes on businesses and the wealthy in society as a means to stimulate business investment in the short term and benefit society at large in the long term.
Trinity United Church of Christ is a predominantly African-American church with more than 8,500 members.
The two-state solution refers to a solution of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which calls for "two states for two groups of people." The two-state solution envisages an independent State of Palestine alongside the State of Israel, west of the Jordan River.
The U.S. Government Assessment of the Syrian Government's Use of Chemical Weapons on August 21, 2013 was a report published by the United States Government on the Ghouta chemical attack on August 21, 2013.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, on the situation in Libya, is a measure that was adopted on 17 March 2011.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 was adopted on 23 December 2016.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States debt ceiling or debt limit is a legislative limit on the amount of national debt that can be incurred by the US Treasury, thus limiting how much money the federal government may borrow.
The 2010 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010, in the middle of Democratic President Barack Obama's first term.
"United States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps" is a review article by then-President of the United States Barack Obama in which he reviews the effects of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a major health care law he signed in 2010, and recommends health care policy changes that he thinks would build on its successes.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The 2010 United States House of Representatives elections were held November 2, 2010, as part of the 2010 midterm elections (along with Senate elections), at the midpoint of President Barack Obama's first term in office.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.
The United States order of precedence lists the ceremonial order for domestic and foreign government officials (military and civilian) at diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events within the United States and abroad.
During presidential elections in the United States, it has become customary for the main candidates (almost always the candidates of the two largest parties, currently the Democratic Party and the Republican Party) to engage in a debate.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
Six United States presidents have made presidential visits to Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works is responsible for dealing with matters related to the environment and infrastructure.
The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate.
The United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) generally considers matters relating to these issues.
The United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs is the chief oversight committee of the United States Senate.
The United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs deals with oversight of United States veterans issues.
The 2004 United States Senate election in Illinois was held on November 2, 2004.
The Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation is one of seven subcommittees of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
United States v. Windsor, (Docket No.), is a landmark civil rights case in which the United States Supreme Court held that restricting U.S. federal interpretation of "marriage" and "spouse" to apply only to opposite-sex unions, by Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), is unconstitutional under the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (also known as Lab or Lab School and abbreviated UCLS; the upper classes are nicknamed U-High) is a private, co-educational day school in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Chicago Law School is a professional graduate school of the University of Chicago.
The University of Hawaiʻi system (formally the University of Hawaiʻi and popularly known as UH) is a public, co-educational college and university system that confers associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees through three university campuses, seven community college campuses, an employment training center, three university centers, four education centers and various other research facilities distributed across six islands throughout the State of Hawaii in the United States.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (also known as U.H. Mānoa, the University of Hawaiʻi, or simply U.H.) is a public co-educational research university as well as the flagship campus of the University of Hawaiʻi system.
The University of Nairobi (UoN) is a collegiate research university based in Nairobi.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Uterine cancer, also known as womb cancer, is any type of cancer that emerges from the tissue of the uterus.
Valerie June Jarrett (née Bowman; born November 14, 1956) is an American businesswoman and former government official.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) is a United States federal law (Title IV, sec. 40001-40703 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act) signed as by President Bill Clinton on September 13, 1994 (codified in part at 42 U.S.C. sections 13701 through 14040).
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
A voter registration drive is an effort undertaken by government authorities as well as political parties and other entities to register to vote all persons otherwise entitled to vote.
Vox is an American news and opinion website owned by Vox Media.
Wailuku is a census-designated place (CDP) in and county seat of Maui County, Hawaiokinai, United States.
Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and as a United States Senator from Minnesota (1964–76).
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
WBEZ is a nonprofit public radio station broadcasting from Chicago, Illinois.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
West Pullman is a neighborhood located on the far south side of the city of Chicago, Illinois.
WFED (1500 AM) is a 50,000 watt Class A radio station in the Washington, D.C. region.
The WGBH Educational Foundation was established in 1951 in Boston, Massachusetts as an American nonprofit organization that oversees all of the PBS member stations licensed to the state of Massachusetts: the WGBH stations in Boston (WGBH-TV, the foundation's flagship property, and WGBX-TV) and WGBY-TV in Springfield.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
The White House Council on Women and Girls is a council, which forms part of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, established by on March 11, 2009 with a broad mandate to advise the United States President on issues relating to the welfare of women and girls.
The White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy was a new government entity in the United States created in 2008 by President Barack Obama by Executive Order, by-passing Congress, that existed for a little over two years when it was combined with another presidential office in April 2011.
The White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault was formed on January 22, 2014, after President Barack Obama directed the Office of the Vice President of the United States and the White House Council on Women and Girls to "strengthen and address compliance issues and provide institutions with additional tools to respond to and address rape and sexual assault".
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas.
The withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan describes the draw down of United States Armed Forces in the Afghanistan war and the plans after its post-2014 presence when most combat troops had left Afghanistan at the end of 2014.
The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq began in December 2007 with the end of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 and was completed by December 2011, bringing an end to the Iraq War.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
The Woods Fund of Chicago is a private independent foundation in Chicago, whose goal is to increase opportunities for less-advantaged people and communities in the Chicago metropolitan area, including the opportunity to shape decisions affecting them.
The World Trade Center site, formerly referred to as "Ground Zero" after the September 11 attacks, is a 14.6-acre (5.9 ha) area in Lower Manhattan in New York City.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xi Jinping (born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician currently serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
"Yes We Can" is a song produced by The Black Eyed Peas frontman will.i.am, released as promotional single on February 2, 2008.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
The 1985 Chicago Bears season was their 66th regular season and 16th post-season completed in the National Football League (NFL).
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 2004 Democratic National Convention convened from July 26 to 29, 2004 at the FleetCenter (now the TD Garden) in Boston, Massachusetts, and nominated Senator John Kerry from Massachusetts for President and Senator John Edwards from North Carolina for Vice President, respectively, in the 2004 presidential election.
The keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention (DNC) was given by then Illinois State Senator, United States senatorial candidate, and future President Barack Obama on the night of Tuesday, July 27, 2004.
The 2005 American League Championship Series (ALCS), the second round of the 2005 American League playoffs, matched the Central Division champion Chicago White Sox against the West Division champion Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.
The United States 2008 Democratic National Convention was a quadrennial presidential nominating convention of the Democratic Party where it adopted its national platform and officially nominated its candidates for President and Vice President.
The 2009 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 80th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball.
The 2009 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to United States President Barack Obama for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples".
The United States Federal Budget for Fiscal Year 2010, titled A New Era of Responsibility: Renewing America's Promise, is a spending request by President Barack Obama to fund government operations for October 2009–September 2010.
On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
The 2011 State of the Union Address was a speech given by President Barack Obama at 9 p.m. EST on January 25, 2011, in the chamber of the United States House of Representatives.
The 2012 Democratic National Convention was a gathering, held from September 4 to September 6, 2012, at the Time Warner Cable Arena in Charlotte, North Carolina, in which delegates of the Democratic Party chose the party's nominees for President and Vice President in the 2012 United States national election.
The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict also known as Operation Protective Edge (מִבְצָע צוּק אֵיתָן, Miv'tza Tzuk Eitan, lit. "Operation Strong Cliff") and sometimes referred to as the 2014 Gaza war, was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (r) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
0bama, 44th President of the United States, 44th president of the united states of america, B. H. Obama, B. Hussein Obama, B. Obama, BARACK, BARACK OBAMA, BH Obama, BHOII, Bacak Obama, Barac Obama, Barac obama, Barach Obama, Barack, Barack H Obama, Barack H Obama Jr, Barack H Obama Jr., Barack H Obama Junior, Barack H Obama, Jr, Barack H Obama, Jr., Barack H Obama, Junior, Barack H. Obama, Barack H. Obama II, Barack H. Obama Jr, Barack H. Obama Jr., Barack H. Obama Junior, Barack H. Obama, Jr, Barack H. Obama, Jr., Barack H. Obama, Junior, Barack Hussein, Barack Hussein Obama, Barack Hussein Obama II, Barack Hussein Obama Jr, Barack Hussein Obama Jr., Barack Hussein Obama Junior, Barack Hussein Obama, Jr, Barack Hussein Obama, Jr., Barack Hussein Obama, Junior, Barack Hussein obama, Barack II, Barack O'Bama, Barack OBama, Barack Obam, Barack Obama II, Barack Obama Jr, Barack Obama Jr., Barack Obama Junior, Barack Obama jr, Barack Obama's, Barack Obama, Jr, Barack Obama, Jr., Barack Obama, Junior, Barack Obama., Barack Obamba, Barack Obana, Barack Obbama, Barack Ubama, Barack hussein Obama, Barack obama, Barack obma, BarackObama, Barackobama, Barak Obama, Barak Obamba, Barak h obama, Barak h. obama, Barak hussein obama, Barak obama, Barakc Obama, Barakeh Obama, Baraq Hussein Obama, Baraq Obama, Barck Obama, Barock obama, Barok Oboma, Barrack Hussain Obama, Barrack Hussein Obama, Barrack Obama, Barrack obama, Barrak Obama, Barry Hussein Obama, Barry Obama, Baruch Obama, Berack Obama, Berak Obama, Berrack Obama, Berrak Obama, Bobama, Borack Obama, Borrack Obama, Brack Obama, Brack obama, Brock Obama, Burack obama, Community Organizer in Chief, Community organizer in chief, Domestic policy of Barack Obama, Environmental policy of the Barack Obama administration, Environmental policy of the Obama administration, Forty-fourth President of the United States, Higher Ground Productions, Mr Obama, Mr. Obama, No Drama Obama, O'Bama, OBAMA, Obahma, Obama, Obama Barack, Obama Hussein Barack, Obama II, Obama barack, Obama's Birthday, Obama, Barack, Obama, Barack Hussein, Obamma, POTUS 44, POTUS44, Post-presidency of Barack Obama, Pres. Obama, Presidant barack obama, President Barack, President Barack H. Obama, President Barack Hussain Obama, President Barack Hussein Obama, President Barack Hussein Obama II, President Barack Obama, President Obama, President barack obama, President obama, Professor Obama, Religious views of Barack Obama, Sen Obama, Sen. Barack Obama, Sen. Obama, Senator Barack Obama, Senator Obama, US President Barack Obama, United States President Barack Obama.