142 relations: Academic tenure, Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research, Aleurone, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association of University Women, American Philosophical Society, Anaphase, Bachelor of Science, Bacteriophage, Barbara (given name), Benjamin Franklin Medal (American Philosophical Society), Berlin, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Bipolar disorder, Botany, Breakage-fusion-bridge cycle, California Institute of Technology, Cancer, Carmine, Carnegie Institution for Science, Central America, Centromere, Chromosomal crossover, Chromosome, Claude B. Hutchison, Cloning, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Columbia University, Connecticut, Cornell University, Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Curt Stern, Cytogenetics, David Baulcombe, Detlef Weigel, DNA replication, Doctor of Philosophy, Dominance (genetics), Drosophila, Eleanor, Erasmus Hall High School, Ethnobotany, Evelyn Fox Keller, Evolution, Evolutionary biology, François Jacob, Fraternities and sororities, Gene, Genetic linkage, Genetic recombination, ..., Genetics (journal), Genetics Society of America, Genome, George Beadle, Gregor Mendel, Harriet Creighton, Hartford, Connecticut, Heredity, HighBeam Research, Homologous chromosome, Huntington, New York, Interphase, Jacques Monod, Jazz, Jeffrey D. Palmer, Jeffrey Eugenides, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, John von Neumann, Joshua Lederberg, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Karyotype, Lac operon, Lester W. Sharp, Lewis Stadler, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1989, Locus (genetics), Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, Lowell Fitz Randolph, MacArthur Foundation, Maize, Maize (disambiguation), Marcus Morton Rhoades, Mayflower, McClintock Prize, Meiosis, Microspore, Milislav Demerec, Mitosis, Model organism, Mosaic (genetics), Mutagen, Nathaniel C. Comfort, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, National Medal of Science, National Women's Hall of Fame, Neurospora crassa, New York (state), Nobel Foundation, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Non-homologous end joining, Nucleic acid sequence, Nucleolus, Nucleolus organizer region, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Paleobotany, Polyploid, Postage stamp, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Race (biology), Regulation of gene expression, Richard Feynman, Richard Goldschmidt, Richard Nixon, Ring chromosome, Robert A. Martienssen, Rockefeller Foundation, Rollins A. Emerson, Root cap, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sewall Wright, Sister chromatids, South America, Stanford University, Students' union, Susan R. Wessler, Sweden, Telomere, The American Naturalist, The Marriage Plot, The Washington Post, Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, Transposable element, Transposase, United States Department of Energy, United States Postal Service, University of Missouri, Variegation, Wolf Prize in Medicine, X-ray, Yeast. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
A tenured appointment is an indefinite academic appointment that can be terminated only for cause or under extraordinary circumstances, such as financial exigency or program discontinuation.
The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research is one of the prizes awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the outstanding discovery, Contribution and achievement in the field of medicine and Human Physiology.
Aleurone (from Greek aleuron, flour) is a protein found in protein granules of maturing seeds and tubers.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
The American Association of University Women (AAUW), officially founded in 1881, is a non-profit organization that advances equity for women and girls through advocacy, education, and research.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
Anaphase (from the Greek ἀνά, "up" and φάσις, "stage"), is the stage of mitosis after the metaphase when replicated chromosomes are split and the daughter chromatids are moved to opposite poles of the cell.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
Barbara is a female given name used in numerous languages.
The Benjamin Franklin Medal presented by the American Philosophical Society located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., also called Benjamin Franklin Bicentennial Medal, is awarded since 1906.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle (also breakage-rejoining-bridge cycle) is a mechanism of chromosomal instability, discovered by Barbara McClintock in the late 1930s.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Carmine, also called cochineal, cochineal extract, crimson lake or carmine lake, natural red 4, C.I. 75470, or E120, is a pigment of a bright-red color obtained from the aluminium salt of carminic acid; it is also a general term for a particularly deep-red color.
The Carnegie Institution of Washington (the organization's legal name), known also for public purposes as the Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), is an organization in the United States established to fund and perform scientific research.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
The centromere is the specialized DNA sequence of a chromosome that links a pair of sister chromatids (a dyad).
Chromosomal crossover (or crossing over) is the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that results in recombinant chromosomes during sexual reproduction.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
Claude Burton Hutchison (April 9, 1885 – August 25, 1980) was a botanist, agricultural economist, educator, and Mayor of the City of Berkeley, California from 1955 to 1963.
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, non-profit institution with research programs focusing on cancer, neuroscience, plant genetics, genomics, and quantitative biology.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
The New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS or Ag School) is a statutory college established and supervised by the State University of New York (SUNY) system.
Curt Stern (August 30, 1902 – October 23, 1981) was a German-born American geneticist.
Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with how the chromosomes relate to cell behaviour, particularly to their behaviour during mitosis and meiosis.
Sir David Charles Baulcombe One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: (born 1952) is a British plant scientist and geneticist.
Detlef Weigel (born 1961 in Lower Saxony, Germany) is a German American scientist working at the interface of developmental and evolutionary biology.
In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.
Drosophila is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.
Eleanor (usually pronounced in North America but elsewhere, variants Eléanor, Elinor, Ellinor, Elenor, Eleanore, Eleanour, Eleonor(a), Éléonore among others; short form Leonor and variants) is a feminine given name.
Erasmus Hall High School was a four-year public high school located at 899-925 Flatbush Avenue between Church and Snyder Avenues in the Flatbush neighborhood of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
Ethnobotany is the study of a region's plants and their practical uses through the traditional knowledge of a local culture and people.
Evelyn Fox Keller (born March 20, 1936) is an American physicist, author and feminist.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.
François Jacob (17 June 1920 – 19 April 2013) was a French biologist who, together with Jacques Monod, originated the idea that control of enzyme levels in all cells occurs through regulation of transcription.
Fraternities and sororities, or Greek letter organizations (GLOs) (collectively referred to as "Greek life") are social organizations at colleges and universities.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Genetic linkage is the tendency of DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction.
Genetic recombination (aka genetic reshuffling) is the production of offspring with combinations of traits that differ from those found in either parent.
Genetics is a monthly scientific journal publishing investigations bearing on heredity, genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology.
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is a scholarly membership society of more than 5,500 genetics researchers and educators, established in 1931.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
George Wells Beadle (October 22, 1903 – June 9, 1989) was an American scientist in the field of genetics, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Nobel laureate who with Edward Tatum discovered the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells in 1958.
Gregor Johann Mendel (Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.
Harriet Baldwin Creighton (27 June 1909 – January 9, 2004) was an American botanist, geneticist and educator.
Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
HighBeam Research is a paid search engine and full text online archive owned by Gale, a subsidiary Cengage, for thousands of newspapers, magazines, academic journals, newswires, trade magazines, and encyclopedias in English.
A couple of homologous chromosomes, or homologs, are a set of one maternal and one paternal chromosome that pair up with each other inside a cell during meiosis.
The Town of Huntington is one of ten towns in Suffolk County, New York, United States.
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical cell spends most of its life.
Jacques Lucien Monod (February 9, 1910 – May 31, 1976), a French biochemist, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965, sharing it with François Jacob and Andre Lwoff "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis".
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jeffrey Donald Palmer is a Distinguished Professor of Biology at Indiana University Bloomington.
Jeffrey Kent Eugenides (born March 8, 1960) is an American novelist and short story writer.
The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation was founded in 1925 by Olga and Simon Guggenheim in memory of their son, who died on April 26, 1922.
John von Neumann (Neumann János Lajos,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath.
Joshua Lederberg, ForMemRS (May 23, 1925 – February 2, 2008) was an American molecular biologist known for his work in microbial genetics, artificial intelligence, and the United States space program.
Josiah Willard Gibbs (February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American scientist who made important theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.
The lac operon (lactose operon) is an operon required for the transport and metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli and many other enteric bacteria.
Lester Whyland Sharp (April 21, 1887 in Saratoga Springs, New York – July 17, 1961 in Nuevo, California) was an American botanist, a pioneer in cytogenetics.
Lewis John Stadler (July 6, 1896 – May 12, 1954) was an American geneticist.
Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1989.
A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).
The Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize for Biology or Biochemistry is an annual prize awarded by Columbia University to a researcher or group of researchers who have made an outstanding contribution in basic research in the fields of biology or biochemistry.
Lowell Fitz Randolph (7 October 1894 - 28 May 1980) was an American scientist, in the field of genetics, botany and horticulture.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is the 12th-largest private foundation in the United States.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Maize is a plant cultivated for food.
Marcus Morton Rhoades (July 24, 1903 in Graham, Missouri – December 30, 1991) was an American cytogeneticist.
The Mayflower was an English ship that famously transported the first English Puritans, known today as the Pilgrims, from Plymouth, England to the New World in 1620.
The McClintock Prize for Plant Genetics and Genome Studies is a prize awarded in genetics and genomics.
Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.
Microspores are land plant spores that develop into male gametophytes, whereas megaspores develop into female gametophytes.
Milislav Demerec (January 11, 1895 – April 12, 1966) was a Croatian-American geneticist, and the director of the Department of Genetics, Carnegie Institution of Washington, now Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) from 1941 to 1960, recruiting Barbara McClintock and Alfred Hershey.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.
In genetics, a mosaic, or mosaicism, involves the presence of two or more populations of cells with different genotypes in one individual, who has developed from a single fertilized egg.
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
Nathaniel Charles Comfort is an American historian specializing in the history of biology.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.
The National Women's Hall of Fame is an American institution created in 1969 by a group of people in Seneca Falls, New York, the location of the 1848 women's rights convention.
Neurospora crassa is a type of red bread mold of the phylum Ascomycota.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The Nobel Foundation (Nobelstiftelsen) is a private institution founded on 29 June 1900 to manage the finances and administration of the Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is a pathway that repairs double-strand breaks in DNA.
A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.
The nucleolus (plural nucleoli) is the largest structure in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
Nucleolus organiser regions (NORs) are chromosomal regions crucial for the formation of the nucleolus.
The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is a component of the Office of Science within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Paleobotany, also spelled as palaeobotany (from the Greek words paleon.
Polyploid cells and organisms are those containing more than two paired (homologous) sets of chromosomes.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
In biological taxonomy, race is an informal rank in the taxonomic hierarchy, below the level of subspecies.
Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms that are used by cells to increase or decrease the production of specific gene products (protein or RNA), and is informally termed gene regulation.
Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) was an American theoretical physicist, known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as in particle physics for which he proposed the parton model.
Richard Benedict Goldschmidt (April 12, 1878 – April 24, 1958) was a German-born American geneticist.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
A ring chromosome is an aberrant chromosome whose ends have fused together to form a ring.
Robert Anthony Martienssen is a plant biologist, Howard Hughes Medical Institute–Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation investigator and Professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in the United States.
The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Rollins Adams Emerson (May 5, 1873 – December 8, 1947) was an American geneticist who rediscovered the laws of inheritance established by Gregor Mendel.
The root cap is a section of tissue at the tip of a plant root.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
Sewall Green Wright (December 21, 1889March 3, 1988) was an American geneticist known for his influential work on evolutionary theory and also for his work on path analysis.
A sister chromatid refers to the identical copies (chromatids) formed by the replication of a chromosome, with both copies joined together by a common centromere.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
A students' union, student government, free student union, student senate, students' association, guild of students, or government of student body is a student organization present in many colleges, universities, and high schools.
Susan Randi Wessler (born 1953, New York City) is an American plant molecular biologist and geneticist.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration or from fusion with neighboring chromosomes.
The American Naturalist is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1867.
The Marriage Plot is a 2011 novel by American writer Jeffrey Eugenides.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal is awarded by the Genetics Society of America (GSA) for lifetime contributions to the field of genetics.
A transposable element (TE or transposon) is a DNA sequence that can change its position within a genome, sometimes creating or reversing mutations and altering the cell's genetic identity and genome size.
Transposase is an enzyme that binds to the end of a transposon and catalyzes the movement of the transposon to another part of the genome by a cut and paste mechanism or a replicative transposition mechanism.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The University of Missouri (also, Mizzou, or MU) is a public, land-grant research university in Columbia, Missouri.
Variegation is the appearance of differently coloured zones in the leaves, and sometimes the stems, of plants.
The Wolf Prize in Medicine is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.