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A & C Black is a British book publishing company, owned since 2002 by Bloomsbury Publishing.
The Abadal was a Spanish car manufactured between 1912 and 1923, named after Francisco Abadal.
Ada Colau Ballano (3 March 1974) is a Catalan left-wing representative and, since 13 June 2015, Mayor of Barcelona, the first woman to hold the office.
An aerial lift is a means of cable transport in which cabins, cars, gondolas or open chairs are hauled above the ground by means of one or more cables.
An aerial tramway, sky tram, cable car, ropeway or aerial tram is a type of aerial lift which uses one or two stationary ropes for support while a third moving rope provides propulsion.
The AFA was a Spanish automobile manufactured between 1943 and 1944.
Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, AEMET (translated from Spanish as the State Meteorological Agency) is Spain's meteorological agency operating under the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.
Air Europa Líneas Aéreas, S.A.U. is an airline in Spain, the third largest after Iberia and Vueling.
Airport T1 (Aeroport T1) is a Barcelona Metro station that serves terminal T1 of Barcelona–El Prat Airport, in the municipality of El Prat de Llobregat, to the southwest of Barcelona.
Airport T2 (Aeroport T2) is both a Rodalies de Catalunya commuter rail station and a Barcelona Metro station serving terminal complex T2 of Barcelona–El Prat Airport.
Alfonso II (1–25 March 1157Benito Vicente de Cuéllar (1995),, p. 630-631; in Hidalguía. XLIII (252) pp. 619–632."Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars (1980).. Universitat Barcelona, p. 546.,.Antonio Ubieto Arteta (1987).. Zaragoza: Anúbar, § "El nacimiento y nombre de Alfonso II de Aragón".. – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and, as Alfons I, the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death.
Abu ʿĀmir Muḥammad bin ʿAbdullāh ibn Abi ʿĀmir, al-Ḥājib al-Manṣūr (أبو عامر محمد بن عبد الله بن أبي عامر الحاجب المنصور) (c. 938 – August 8, 1002), better known as Almanzor, was for 24 years (978–1002) the de facto ruler of Muslim Iberia (al-Andalus) under the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba (Khilāfat Qurṭuba).
Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s.
Amaq News Agency is a news outlet linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), It is often the "first point of publication for claims of responsibility by the group".
The America was a Spanish automobile manufactured in Barcelona from 1917 to 1922.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Anarcho-communism (also known as anarchist communism, free communism, libertarian communism and communist anarchism) is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, capitalism, wage labour and private property (while retaining respect for personal property) in favor of common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy and a horizontal network of workers' councils with production and consumption based on the guiding principle: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
Anti-authoritarianism is opposition to authoritarianism, which is defined as "a form of social organisation characterised by submission to authority", "favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom" and to authoritarian government.
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Spanish architect from Catalonia.
Antoni Tàpies i Puig, 1st Marquess of Tàpies (13 December 1923 – 6 February 2012) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and art theorist, who became one of the most famous European artists of his generation.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Aquarium Barcelona (Aquàrium de Barcelona) is an aquarium located in Port Vell, a harbor in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Ara (is a Catalan daily newspaper that began publication on 28 November 2010, coinciding with the Catalan parliamentary elections. It is the third most read daily newspaper in Catalonia, and the most read daily newspaper written exclusively in the Catalan language. Its regional edition, Ara Balears, is the most popular Catalan language newspaper on the Balearic Islands. ARA’s online edition had nearly 3.2M visitors in September 2017, making it the most popular online newspaper in Catalan language. The founding editor was Carles Capdevila and the current editor is Esther Vera. The president is Ferran Rodés and the CEO is Salvador Garcia. The newspaper's advisory council includes journalists Antoni Bassas, Albert Om and Toni Soler, all known for their work with the Catalan public TV broadcaster, TV3. Aras content includes Catalan translations of reports and articles from the New York Times International Edition. Aras founding shareholders were, among others, Ferran Rodés, Fundació Carulla, Víctor Font and the group Cultura 03, which also publishes magazines Sàpiens, TimeOut Barcelona, Descobrir and Cuina. Cultura 03 is not currently a shareholder. In September 2010, Antoni Bassas announced that he would participate as a shareholder.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Aránzazu Isabel María "Arantxa" Sánchez Vicario (born 18 December 1971) is a Spanish former World No.
The Arc de Triomf or Arco de Triunfo in Spanish, is a triumphal arch in the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
The Archaeology Museum of Catalonia (Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya,; abbreviated as MAC) was created under the Museums of Catalonia Act in 1990 by the Department of Culture of the Government of Catalonia.
The architecture of Barcelona has evolved parallel with Catalan architecture, and has followed of diverse shape the multiple trends that have gone producing in the context of the history of the western art.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
Artur Mas i Gavarró (born 31 January 1956) is a Spanish politician, Catalan nationalist.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
The ATP World Tour 500 series (previously known as the ATP Championship Series and ATP International Series Gold) is the fourth highest tier of men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments, ATP Finals, and the ATP World Tour Masters 1000.
Autonomism or autonomist Marxism is a set of anti-authoritarian left-wing political and social movements and theories.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Autonomous University of Barcelona also known as UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona) is a public university mostly located in Cerdanyola del Vallès, near the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
The Autopista AP-7 (also called Autopista del Mediterráneo) is a Spanish autopista (controlled-access highway).
The Autopista C-33 is a highway in Catalonia.
The Metropolitan Transport Authority (Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, ATM) is a public consortium intended to coordinate the operation and project the expansion of the public transport system in the Barcelona metropolitan area.
The Autovía A-2 (also called Autovia del Nordeste and Avenida de América) is a Spanish autovía and autopista route which starts in Madrid and ends in Barcelona.
The Autovía A-7 (also called Autovia del Mediterráneo) is a Spanish autovía (toll-free limited-access highway) which starts in La Jonquera, near the French frontier and ends in Algeciras.
The Autovia C-60, also known as the Autovia Mataró-Granollers is a highway in Catalonia, Spain.
Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) is a service of high-speed rail in Spain operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to.
Avienus was a Latin writer of the 4th century AD.
Avinguda Diagonal (in Spanish La Avenida Diagonal) is the name of one of Barcelona's broadest and most important avenues.
Avinguda Meridiana is a major avenue in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, spanning parts of the Sant Andreu, Nou Barris and Sant Martí northern districts of the city.
Avui (meaning Today in English) was a Catalan daily newspaper, based in Barcelona, in Spain.
Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona is one of the seven territories defined by the Regional Plan of Catalonia (Pla territorial general de Catalunya).
The Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona), often referred to as Greater Barcelona, is a territorial entity operating on the principle of metropolitan municipality composed of Barcelona and 35 adjacent municipalities around the city.
The B-10, also known as Ronda Litoral (English: Coastal Ring Road), is a freeway in Catalonia, Spain partially encircling Barcelona passing through the eastern side of the city.
Ronda de Dalt (common name) or B-20 motorway is a ring road or beltway within Barcelona and other parts of its metropolitan area, running from Nus del Llobregat, in l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, to Nus de la Trinitat in the Sant Andreu district of Barcelona.
The Balearic Sea (endotoponym: Mar Balear in Catalan and Spanish) is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands.
The Bank of Saint George (Casa delle compere e dei banchi di San Giorgio or informally as Ufficio di San Giorgio or Banco) was a financial institution of the Republic of Genoa.
Barcelona Búfals is an American football team based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia (Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia, Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia), also known as Barcelona Cathedral, is the Gothic cathedral and seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona, Spain.
The Barcelona City History Museum (Catalan: Museu d'Història de Barcelona, Spanish: Museo de Historia de Barcelona, acronym MUHBA) is a city museum that conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the historical heritage of the city of Barcelona, from its origins in Roman times until the present day; it is funded by the Barcelona municipality.
The Barcelona Dragons were a team originally in the World League of American Football and later in the resurrected NFL Europe.
Barcelona en Comú (Catalan for Barcelona in Common) is a citizen platform launched in June 2014 that is currently governing in minority in the City of Barcelona.
Estació de França (Estación de Francia; "France Station") is a major railway station in the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
The Barcelona Guitar Orchestra (Orquesta de Guitarras de Barcelona) is a 25 chair orchestra of classical guitarists based in Barcelona, Spain.
The Zurich Barcelona Marathon (Catalan:Marató Barcelona) is an annual marathon race over the classic distance of 42.195 km held in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona) is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs.
The Barcelona metropolitan area (Àrea metropolitana de Barcelona, Área metropolitana de Barcelona) is a metropolitan area in Catalonia, north of Spain, centered on the city of Barcelona.
The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona,; abbreviated as MACBA) is situated in the Plaça dels Àngels, in El Raval, Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Barcelona Open (currently sponsored by Banc Sabadell) is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players.
The Barcelona Pavilion (Pavelló alemany; Pabellón alemán; "German Pavilion"), designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain.
The Barcelona Royal Shipyard (Drassanes Reials de Barcelona; Atarazanas Reales de Barcelona) is a shipyard and former military building of Gothic architecture placed at the Port Vell area of the Port of Barcelona.
Barcelona Sants is the main railway station in Barcelona, owned by Adif, the railway infrastructure agency of Spain.
The Barcelona Trail Races or BTR (also known as Ultratrail Collserola during its first editions) is a running event that includes several mountain races or trail running races.
Barcelona Zoo (Parc Zoològic de Barcelona in Catalan, Parque Zoológico de Barcelona in Spanish) is a zoo in the Parc de la Ciutadella in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Barcelona–El Prat Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located southwest.
Barcelonès is the most economically important comarca (county) of Catalonia, Spain.
The Barcid family was a notable family in the ancient city of Carthage; many of its members were fierce enemies of the Roman Republic.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Bellaterra is a quarter of Cerdanyola del Vallès, in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain).
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Besòs is a river flowing through Catalonia, Spain, formed by the confluence of the Mogent and Congost rivers.
Bicing is a bicycle sharing system in Barcelona inaugurated on March 22, 2007.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Biscúter (Spanish spelling for the pronunciation of BiScooter) was a microcar manufactured in Spain, by Auto Nacional, SA, from 1953 to 1960, total of all versions around 10,000 units.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bread and Butter (shortened to B&B) is a trade and fashion show in Germany for everyday clothing and streetwear.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A buffer zone is generally a zonal area that lies between two or more other areas (often, but not necessarily, countries), but depending on the type of buffer zone, the reason for it may be to segregate regions or to conjoin them.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
C-16 or Eix del Llobregat is a primary highway in Catalonia, Spain.
C-17 or Eix del Congost is a primary highway in Catalonia, Spain.
C-31 or Eix Costaner is a Catalonia's primary highway.
C-32 is a primary highway in Catalonia, Spain.
La Cadena SER (the SER Network) is Spain's premier radio network in terms of both seniority (it was created in 1926) and audience share (it had a regular listenership in 2015 of 4,766,000).
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camp Municipal Narcís Sala is a football stadium in Barcelona, Spain.
Camp Nou ("new field", often referred to as the Nou Camp in English) is the home stadium of FC Barcelona since its completion in 1957.
Can Framis is the latest Fundació Vila Casas museum, an art center devoted to the promotion of contemporary Catalan painting.
Can Masdeu is a squatted social centre, residence and community garden in the Collserola Park on the outskirts of Barcelona.
Can Vies (also known as Centre Social Autogestionat Can Vies) is a building located in the Sants neighborhood of Barcelona.
Carlos Checa (born 15 October 1972 in Barcelona, Spain, is a former professional motorcycle road racer and winner of the 2011 Superbike World Championship. After racing in 500 cc and MotoGP for over a decade, mostly on Honda and Yamaha machinery with and without full manufacturer support, he moved to the Superbike World Championship on a Honda for. He has two Grand Prix victories. He has a younger brother, David Checa, also a motorcycle racer who competed in the Superbike World Championship for.
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Casa Batlló is a building in the center of Barcelona.
Casa Milà, popularly known as La Pedrera or "The stone quarry", a reference to its unconventional rough-hewn appearance, is a modernist building in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Casa Vicens is a house in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí, now a museum.
The Castle of the Three Dragons (Castell dels Tres Dragons, Castillo de los Tres Dragones), is the popular name given to the modernisme building built between 1887-1888 as a Café-Restaurant for the 1888 Universal Exposition of Barcelona by Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.
The Catalan independence movement (independentisme català; Spanish: independentismo catalán) is a political movement historically derived from Catalan nationalism, which seeks independence of Catalonia from Spain.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
The Catalan motorcycle Grand Prix is a motorcycling event held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, as part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing season.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Catalunya Ràdio is Catalonia's public radio network.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Club Esportiu Europa is a Spanish football team based in the city of Barcelona in the district of Gràcia, in the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Cerdanyola del Vallès is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of the Vallès Occidental in Catalonia.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chronology (from Latin chronologia, from Ancient Greek χρόνος, chrónos, "time"; and -λογία, -logia) is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time.
The Church of Colònia Güell (Cripta de la Colònia Güell) is an unfinished work by Antoni Gaudí.
The Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya is a motorsport race track in Montmeló, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.
Ciutat Vella (meaning in English "Old City") is a district of Barcelona, numbered District 1.
Club Joventut de Badalona, S.A.D., Divina Seguros Joventut for sponsorship reasons, is a Spanish professional basketball club based in Badalona, Spain, playing in the Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB).
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Columbus Monument (Monument a Colom,; Monumento a Colón or Mirador de Colón) is a tall monument to Christopher Columbus at the lower end of La Rambla, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
This is a list of the 42 comarques (singular comarca) into which Catalonia is divided.
A community garden is a single piece of land gardened collectively by a group of people.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.
The Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labour; CNT) is a Spanish confederation of anarcho-syndicalist labour unions, which was long affiliated with the International Workers' Association (AIT).
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió, CiU) was a Catalan nationalist electoral alliance in Catalonia, Spain.
The Count of Barcelona (Comte de Barcelona, Conde de Barcelona) was the ruler of Catalonia for much of Catalan history, from the 9th century until the 15th century.
The County of Barcelona (Comitatus Barcinonensis) was originally a frontier region under the rule of the Carolingian dynasty.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Crown of Castile was a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Castile and León upon the accession of the then Castilian king, Ferdinand III, to the vacant Leonese throne. It continued to exist as a separate entity after the personal union in 1469 of the crowns of Castile and Aragon with the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs up to the promulgation of the Nueva Planta decrees by Philip V in 1715. The Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea were also a part of the Crown of Castile when transformed from lordships to kingdoms of the heirs of Castile in 1506, with the Treaty of Villafáfila, and upon the death of Ferdinand the Catholic. The title of "King of Castile" remained in use by the Habsburg rulers during the 16th and 17th centuries. Charles I was King of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, and Sicily, and Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne, as well as King of Castile and León, 1516–1556. In the early 18th century, Philip of Bourbon won the War of the Spanish Succession and imposed unification policies over the Crown of Aragon, supporters of their enemies. This unified the Crown of Aragon and the Crown of Castile into the kingdom of Spain. Even though the Nueva Planta decrees did not formally abolish the Crown of Castile, the country of (Castile and Aragon) was called "Spain" by both contemporaries and historians. "King of Castile" also remains part of the full title of Felipe VI of Spain, the current King of Spain according to the Spanish constitution of 1978, in the sense of titles, not of states.
The Cursa de Bombers (Fireman's Race) is an annual road running race over 10 km which takes place in April in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
David was a Spanish company manufacturing cars in Barcelona between 1913 and 1923 and again between 1951 and 1957.
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, commonly referred to as Deloitte, is a UK-incorporated multinational professional services network.
The Deloitte Football Money League is a ranking of football clubs by revenue generated from football operations.
Derbi is a manufacturer of motorcycles, scooters, mopeds and recreational all-terrain vehicles produced by Nacional Motor S.A.U., a Spanish subsidiary of Piaggio & Co. SpA.
The derbi barceloní (Derbi barcelonés,; "Barcelonian Derby"), is the name given to football matches between FC Barcelona and RCD Espanyol.
Discovery Channel (known as The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply Discovery) is an American pay television channel that is the flagship television property of Discovery Inc., a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain proper is divided into 10 districts.
The División de Honor is the top club competition for rugby union in Spain.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Duchy of Athens (Greek: Δουκᾶτον Ἀθηνῶν, Doukaton Athinon; Catalan: Ducat d'Atenes) was one of the Crusader states set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade, encompassing the regions of Attica and Boeotia, and surviving until its conquest by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
A dynastic union is a kind of federation with only two different states that are governed by the same dynasty, while their boundaries, their laws and their interests remain distinct.
EADA Business School (Escuela de Alta Dirección y Administración) is an international business school located in Barcelona.
Ebro trucks was a Spanish brand of light and medium trucks and buses, as well as all-wheel-drive utility vehicles and agricultural tractors, with plants located in Barcelona, Madrid, Ávila, and Cordoba.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Edifici Colón (also Torre Maritima) is an office skyscraper in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Edisa (ედისა, Едыс) is a settlement in the Java district of Georgia.
is a Japanese conductor.
The Eixample (Catalan for 'expansion' or 'Expansion District') is a district of Barcelona between the old city (Ciutat Vella) and what were once surrounding small towns (Sants, Gràcia, Sant Andreu etc.), constructed in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
El Carmel, or simply Carmel, is a neighbourhood in the district of Horta-Guinardó, in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The El Fenix was a Spanish automobile manufactured from 1901 until 1904.
El Mundo (The World), formally El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (The World of the Twenty-First Century) is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain.
El País (literally The Country) is the most read newspaper (231,140 printed copies) in Spain and the most circulated daily newspaper (180,765 circulation average), according to data certified by the Office of Justification of Dissemination (OJD) and referring to the period of January 2017 to December 2017.
El Periódico de Catalunya is a morning daily newspaper based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
El Prat de Llobregat, commonly known as El Prat, is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain.
El Punt (meaning in English "The Point") was a Catalan daily newspaper based in Girona, Catalonia (Spain).
The Elizalde was a Spanish automobile manufacturer from 1914 until 1928.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development defines the employment rate as the employment-to-population ratio.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
ESADE (Escola Superior d'Administració i Direcció d'Empreses) is a private Jesuit educational institution within the Ramon Llull University, in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Esplugues de Llobregat is a municipality of the Barcelona metropolitan area.
The Estació del Nord or Estación del Norte, is a former main line railway station in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys (formerly known as the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc and Estadio de Montjuic) is a stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Estanislao Figueras y de Moragas (Estanislau Figueras i de Moragas;; 13 November 1819 – 11 November 1882) was a Spanish politician who served as the first President of the First Spanish Republic from 12 February to 11 June 1873). Figueras was born in Barcelona. He led the Republican Party after Queen Isabella II was overthrown in 1868. He briefly became President after King Amadeo abdicated. He was succeeded as President by Francisco Pi y Margall. After the 1875 restoration of the monarchy he withdrew from public life. He died in Madrid in 1882.
Eucort (Eusebio Cortes SA) was a Spanish automobile manufacturer based at Barcelona from 1945 till 1953.
Saint Eulalia (Aulaire, Aulazia, Olalla, Eulària) (c. 290–12 February 303), co-patron saint of Barcelona, was a 13-year-old Roman Christian virgin who suffered martyrdom in Barcelona during the persecution of Christians in the reign of emperor Diocletian (although the Sequence of Saint Eulalia mentions the "pagan king" Maximian).
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the Eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of 2009.
The European Museum of the Year Award (EMYA) is the longest running and most prestigious museum award in Europe, presented each year by the European Museum Forum (EMF) under the auspices of the Council of Europe.
The European route E 09 is part of the United Nations international E-road network.
The European route E 15 is part of the United Nations international E-road network.
European route E 90 is an A-Class West–East European route, extending from Lisbon in Portugal in the west to the Turkish–Iraqi border in the east.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
The Executive Council of Catalonia (Consell Executiu) or the Government of Catalonia (Catalan: Govern de Catalunya) is the executive branch of the Generalitat of Catalonia.
The Fabra Observatory (Observatori Fabra,; obs. code: 006) is an astronomical observatory located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain pointed towards the south at 415 metres above sea level (latitude: 41,4184° N; longitude: 2,1239° E).
A fashion capital is a city which has a major influence on international fashion trends and in which the design, production and retailing of fashion products – plus events such as fashion weeks, awards and trade fairs – generate significant economic output.
Today, more fashion capitals exist than the original “Big Four” of London, Paris, Milan, and New York from the 20th century.
Futbol Club Barcelona, commonly known as Barcelona and familiarly as Barça, is a professional football club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
FC Barcelona Bàsquet (English: FC Barcelona Basketball), also currently known as FC Barcelona Lassa for sponsorship reasons, is a Spanish professional basketball club.
Futbol Club Barcelona is a professional futsal team based in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Futbol Club Barcelona Handbol, for sponsorship reasons FC Barcelona Lassa, is a Spanish handball team based in Barcelona, Catalonia.
Futbol Club Barcelona Hoquei is a professional roller hockey team based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
FC Barcelona Ice Hockey is an ice hockey club in Barcelona, Catalonia, that is part of FC Barcelona club.
The FC Barcelona museum (FC Barcelona Museu) was inaugurated on 24 September 1984 under the presidency of Josep Lluís Nuñez.
Futbol Club Barcelona Rugby is a Spanish rugby union club.
fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment (FDI) publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
Ferdinand II (Ferrando, Ferran, Errando, Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.
Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya ("Catalan Government Railways"), or FGC, is a railway company which operates several unconnected lines in Catalonia, Spain.
The Fiestas patronales ("patron saint festivals" in English) are yearly celebrations held in countries influenced by Spanish culture.
The FIFA Club World Cup is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Fira de Barcelona is Barcelona’s trade fair institution and one of the most important in Europe.
The Republic of Spain (officially in Spanish República de España), commonly known as the First Spanish Republic to distinguish it from the Spanish Republic of 1931–39, was the short-lived political regime that existed in Spain between the parliamentary proclamation on 11 February 1873 and 29 December 1874 when General Arsenio Martínez-Campos's pronunciamento marked the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration in Spain.
Flight training is a course of study used when learning to pilot an aircraft.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francesc Pi i Margall (Francisco Pi y Margall) (29 April 1824 – 29 November 1901) was a Spanish politician, Catalan federalist and libertarian socialist statesman, historian, and political philosopher and romanticist writer.
Francesca Bonnemaison i Farriols (12 April 1872 – 1949) was a Spanish Catalan educator and promoter of female education in Catalonia.
Don Francisco Fernández de la Cueva y Enriquez de Cabrera, 8th Duke of Alburquerque, Marquis of Cuéllar, Count of Ledesma and of Huelma, Grandee of Spain (1619 – March 27, 1676) was a Spanish military officer and viceroy of New Spain from August 15, 1653 to September 15, 1660.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
The Fundació Antoni Tàpies ('Antoni Tàpies Foundation') is a cultural center and museum, located in Carrer d'Aragó, in Barcelona, Catalonia.
The ("Joan Miró Foundation, Centre of Studies of Contemporary Art") is a museum of modern art honoring Joan Miró located on the hill called Montjuïc in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
The Fundació Vila Casas, founded in 1986 by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur Antoni Vila Casas, is a private, non-profit making organisation which has the promotion of contemporary Catalan art as its main aim.
A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.
Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors.
George Nicholas "Nick" Georgano (1932-22 October 2017 Alvis Archive Blog, 24 Oct. 2017 The Society of Automotive History) was a British author, specialising in motoring history.
Galba (Servius Sulpicius Galba Caesar Augustus; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January 69 AD) was Roman emperor for seven months from 68 to 69.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Gaza (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998),, p. 761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". غزة,; Ancient Ġāzā), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the State of Palestine.
The Government of Catalonia or the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalan;,; Generalidad de Cataluña) is the institution under which the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia is politically organised.
Gerard Piqué Bernabéu (born 2 February 1987) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a centre-back for Barcelona and the Spain national team.
Girona–Costa Brava Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Girona-Costa Brava, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gerona-Costa Brava) is an airport located southwest of the city of Girona, next to the small village of Vilobí d'Onyar, in the north-east of Catalonia, Spain.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes, and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language.
Google Translate is a free multilingual machine translation service developed by Google, to translate text.
The Gothic Quarter (Barri Gòtic or El Gòtic, Barrio Gótico) is the centre of the old city of Barcelona.
Goucher College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college in Towson, Maryland.
A government budget is an annual financial statement presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation.
The Government of Spain (Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain.
The GP2 Series was a form of open wheel motor racing introduced in 2005 following the discontinuation of the long-term Formula One feeder series, Formula 3000.
Gran Via is the second major business district of Barcelona, after Diagonal Mar.
Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes ("Great Way of the Catalan Courts"), more simply known as Gran Via, is one of Barcelona's major avenues.
Gràcia is a district of the city of Barcelona, Spain.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Guàrdia Urbana (English: Urban Guard) is the municipal police force for the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Hamilcar Barca or Barcas (c. 275 – 228 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman, leader of the Barcid family, and father of Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
The High Court of Justice of Catalonia (Tribunal Superior de Justícia de Catalunya, TSJC) is the highest body and last judicial instance of the Spanish judiciary in Catalonia.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
Hispano-Suiza (English: Hispanic-Swiss) was a Spanish automotive/engineering company and, after World War II, a French aviation engine and components manufacturer.
The territory that now constitutes the nationality and autonomous community of Catalonia was first settled during the Middle Palaeolithic era.
Between 1973 and 1993 the European Communities saw the first enlargement of the Communities and increasing integration under the Delors Commission leading to the creation of the European Union in 1993.
Horta-Guinardó is the name of one of the districts of Barcelona, located in its North-Eastern corner.
The former Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul) in the neighborhood of El Guinardó, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, is a complex built between 1901 and 1930, designed by the Catalan modernisme architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
The Hotel Arts is a 44-storey, 483 room luxury hotel on the seafront of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Iberia, legally incorporated as Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. Operadora, Sociedad Unipersonal, is the flag carrier airline of Spain, founded in 1927.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
The Iberian scripts are the Paleohispanic scripts that were used to represent the extinct Iberian language.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
IESE Business School is the graduate business school of the University of Navarra.
Ildefons Cerdà i Sunyer, (Centelles, December 23, 1815 – Caldas de Besaya, August 21, 1876), also known as Ildefonso Cerdá y Suñer in Spanish, was the progressive Catalan Spanish urban planner who designed the 19th-century "extension" of Barcelona called the Eixample.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds, ICV) is a political party in Catalonia.
The National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official organisation in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The is a Japanese international school in Sant Cugat del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain, in Greater Barcelona.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The term "Jihadism" (also "jihadist movement", "jihadi movement" and variants) is a 21st-century neologism found in Western languages to describe Islamist militant movements perceived as military movements "rooted in Islam" and "existentially threatening" to the West.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
Joan Peiró i Belis (sometimes Juan Peiró) was a Catalan anarchist activist, writer, editor of the anarchist newspaper Solidaridad Obrera, two-time Secretary General of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labor, CNT) and Minister of Industry of the Spanish government during the Spanish Civil War.
Joanna of Aragon (Juana, Giovanna; 16 June 1454 – 9 January 1517) was Queen of Naples as the second wife of King Ferdinand I. Born in Barcelona, Joanna was the second child of John II of Aragon by his second wife, Juana Enríquez, and his youngest legitimate child.
Jordi Pujol i Soley (born 9 June 1930) is a Spanish politician who was the leader of the party Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya (CDC) from 1974 to 2003, and President of the Generalitat de Catalunya from 1980 to 2003.
José Antonio Bowen FRSA (born March 11, 1952) is an American author and the current president of Goucher College in Baltimore, Maryland.
José Ignacio Barraquer Moner (24 January 1916 – 13 February 1998) was a Spanish ophthalmologist born in Barcelona who did most of his life’s work in Bogotá, Colombia.
Juan Antonio Samaranch y Torelló, 1st Marquess of Samaranch (17 July 1920 – 21 April 2010) was a Spanish sports administrator and minister of sports under the Franco regime (1973–1977) who served as the seventh President of the IOC (IOC) from 1980 to 2001.
The Kapi was a Spanish automobile manufactured by Automóviles y Autoscooter Kapi in Barcelona from 1950 until 1955.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
A Kingdom Hall is a place of worship used by Jehovah's Witnesses.
The Kingdom of Aragon (Reino d'Aragón, Regne d'Aragó, Regnum Aragonum, Reino de Aragón) was a medieval and early modern kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain.
is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (or; Hospitalet de Llobregat), often shortened to L'Hospitalet, is a municipality to the immediate southwest of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
La Barceloneta is a neighborhood in the Ciutat Vella district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
La Cuadra is a municipality and village in La Rioja Province in northwestern Argentina.
The Primera División, commonly known as La Liga and as La Liga Santander for sponsorship reasons with Santander, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system.
La Mercè is the annual festival (festa major) of the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
The Plaza Monumental de Barcelona, often known simply as La Monumental, is a bullring in the city of Barcelona, Spain.
La Rambla is a street in central Barcelona, popular with tourists and locals alike.
La Vanguardia (Spanish for "The Vanguard") is a Spanish daily newspaper, founded in 1881.
Language immersion, or simply immersion, is a technique used in bilingual language education in which two languages are used for instruction in a variety of topics, including math, science, or social studies.The languages used for instruction are referred to as the L1 and the L2 for each student, with L1 being the native language of the student and L2 being the second language to be acquired through immersion programs and techniques.
The languages of Spain (lenguas de España), or Spanish languages (lenguas españolas), are the languages spoken or once spoken in Spain.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Les Corts is one of the ten districts into which Barcelona, Spain has been divided up since 1984, numbered IV.
Les Tres Torres ("the three towers") is a residential neighbourhood in the inland Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
The Gran Teatre del Liceu, or simply Liceu in Catalan, is an opera house on La Rambla in Barcelona, Catalonia.
The Liga ACB,; "ACB League" known as Liga Endesa; "Endesa League" for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system.
Liga Asobal is the premier professional handball league in Spain.
Liga Nacional de Fútbol Americano (LNFA) is the name of the top American football league which operates in Spain.
The National Ice Hockey League (Liga Nacional de Hockey sobre Hielo) is the Spanish league of ice hockey.
This is an incomplete list of football clubs which have won four or more trophies in a single season.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
The city of Barcelona has a great many neighborhood markets that provide meat, fish, produce, and more on a daily basis, and are still vital to the urban life of the city.
This is a list of mayors of Barcelona since 1916.
Postal codes were introduced and standardized in Spain in 1985, when Correos (the national postal service of Spain) introduced automated mail sorting.
Barcelona as the capital of Catalonia, the second biggest city in Spain and sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union, is a city with one of the largest number of skyscrapers in Europe.
This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014.
The following is a list of Viceroys of New Spain.
This is a list of viceroys of Sicily.
Lleida–Alguaire Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Lleida-Alguaire) (Spanish: Aeropuerto de Lérida-Alguaire) is an airport located in Alguaire, Spain; about from the centre of Lleida and about from the centre of Barcelona.
The Llobregat is the second longest river in Catalonia, Spain.
Lluís Domènech i Montaner (21 December 1850 – 27 December 1923) was a Spanish architect who was highly influential on Modernisme català, the Catalan Art Nouveau/Jugendstil movement.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster (where law and civil enforcement are temporarily ineffective), or rioting.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Louis the Pious (778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne, from 813.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line is a standard gauge railway line inaugurated on 20 February 2008.
The Magic Fountain of Montjuïc (Font màgica de Montjuïc, Fuente mágica de Montjuic) is a fountain located at the head of Avinguda Maria Cristina in the Montjuïc neighborhood of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Manuel Carlos Valls Galfetti (born 13 August 1962) is a French politician of Spanish origin who served as Prime Minister of France from 2014 until 2016.
Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (14 June 1939 in Barcelona – 18 October 2003 in Bangkok) was a prolific Spanish writer: journalist, novelist, poet, essayist, anthologue, prologist, humorist, critic and political prisoner as well as a gastronome and a FC Barcelona supporter.
The Marca Hispanica (Marca Hispánica, Marca Hispànica, Aragonese and Marca Hispanica, Hispaniako Marka, Marche d'Espagne), also known as the March of Barcelona, was a military buffer zone beyond the former province of Septimania, created by Charlemagne in 795 as a defensive barrier between the Umayyad Moors of Al-Andalus and the Frankish Carolingian Empire (Duchy of Gascony, the Duchy of Aquitaine and Carolingian Septimania).
Mariano Rajoy Brey (born 27 March 1955) is a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 2011 to 2018, when a vote of no confidence ousted his government.
The Maritime Museum of Barcelona (MMB) (Maritime Museum of Barcelona) is located in the building of Drassanes Reials de Barcelona, the royal arsenal of Barcelona, dedicated to shipbuilding between the thirteenth century and eighteenth century.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Mini Estadi (meaning in English "Mini Stadium"), officially named "Miniestadi", is a football stadium located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Minor basilica (Basilica minor, Basilicæ minores in plural) is a title given to some Roman Catholic church buildings.
The GSMA Mobile World Congress is the world's largest exhibition for the mobile industry, incorporating a thought-leadership conference that features prominent executives representing mobile operators, device manufacturers, technology providers, vendors and content owners from across the world.
Modernisme (Catalan for "modernism"), also known as Catalan modernism, is the historiographic denomination given to an art and literature movement associated with the search of a new entitlement of Catalan culture, one of the most predominant cultures within Spain.
Molins de Rei is a municipality located 18 km from Barcelona's city centre, in the ''comarca'' of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain.
The Monastery of Pedralbes is a Gothic monastery in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Monocle is a global affairs and lifestyle magazine, 24-hour radio station, website, retailer and media brand, all produced by Winkontent Ltd.
Montcada i Reixac, often referred to as simply Montcada, is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of the Vallès Occidental in Catalonia, Spain.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montjuïc is a hill in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Montjuïc Cable Car (officially Telefèric de Montjuïc, in Catalan) is a gondola lift in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Montjuïc Funicular (Funicular de Montjuïc; Funicular de Montjuic) is a funicular railway in the city of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain.
Montmeló is a municipality in the comarca of Vallès Oriental, within the Barcelona metropolitan area, in Catalonia, Spain.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Montserrat Caballé (born 12 April 1933) is a Spanish operatic soprano.
Moroccans in Spain formed 16.4% of the 4,549,858 foreigners in Spain as of 1 January 2017.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mundo Deportivo (meaning Sports World in English) is a Spanish nationwide daily sports newspaper published in Barcelona.
Municipal elections in Barcelona are held every four years to elect the city council.
Catalonia is (as of 2018) divided into 947 municipalities.
Muntanya Russa (translated from Catalan to Roller Coaster) is the name of an amusement ride of Tibidabo Amusement Park, located at level 1 of the park.
Murcia is a city in south-eastern Spain, the capital and most populous city of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia, and the seventh largest city in the country, with a population of 442,573 inhabitants in 2009 (about one third of the total population of the Region).
The Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (English: "National Art Museum of Catalonia"), abbreviated as MNAC, is the national museum of Catalan visual art located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Museu Picasso ("Picasso Museum"), located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, houses one of the most extensive collections of artworks by the 20th-century Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nacional Pescara was a government backed attempt to create a Spanish motor industry.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The World League of American Football (shortened to WLAF or World LeagueThe abbreviation "World League" was often used in /// in 1991 and 1992, but "World League of American Football" was often used on TV and posters), later renamed the NFL Europe League (NFL Europe for short) and then NFL Europa, was a professional American football league which operated between 1991 and 2007.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Nou Barris ("nine neighbourhoods") is one of the ten districts into which Barcelona has been officially divided since 1984.
Nou Sardenya is a football stadium in the Gràcia district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The OK Liga is the Spanish rink hockey league.
Saint Olegarius Bonestruga (from Germanic Oldegar, Ollegarius, Oligarius, Oleguer, Olegario; 1060 – 6 March 1137) was the Bishop of Barcelona from 1116 and Archbishop of Tarragona from 1118 until his death.
The Open University of Catalonia (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC) is an Internet-centered open university based in Barcelona, Spain.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
The Otro Ford was a Spanish automobile manufactured from 1922 until 1924.
Francisco Godia Sales, better known as Paco Godia (21 March 1921 – 28 November 1990) was a racing driver from Barcelona, Spain.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Palau Blaugrana (meaning in English "Blue and deep red Palace") is an arena in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, belonging to FC Barcelona.
Palau de Gel, is an arena in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, belonging to FC Barcelona.
The Palau de la Música Catalana (Palacio de la Música Catalana, Palace of Catalan Music) is a concert hall in Barcelona, Spain.
The Palau dels Esports de Barcelona (Barcelona Sports Palace) is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Palau Güell (Güell Palace) is a mansion designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí for the industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell and built between 1886 and 1888.
The Palau Reial Major ("Grand Royal Palace") is a complex of historic buildings located in Plaça del Rei, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Palau Sant Jordi (St.) is an indoor sporting arena and multi-purpose installation that is part of the Olympic Ring complex located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Parc de la Ciutadella ("Citadel Park") is a park on the northeastern edge of Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Catalonia.
The Parc del Laberint d'Horta ("Labyrinth Park of Horta", sometimes named Jardins (Gardens) del Laberint d'Horta) is a historical garden in the Horta-Guinardó district in Barcelona and the oldest of its kind in the city.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Park Güell (Parc Güell) is a public park system composed of gardens and architectonic elements located on Carmel Hill, in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
The Parliament of Catalonia (Parlament de Catalunya) is the unicameral regional legislature of Catalonia.
Pasqual Maragall i Mira (born 13 January 1941 in Barcelona) is a Spanish politician and was the 127th President of Generalitat de Catalunya (the autonomous government of Catalonia).
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Pau Gasol Sáez (born July 6, 1980) is a Spanish professional basketball player for the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Pedralbes (Old Catalan for white stones) is a neighborhood in Les Corts district of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
Pedro Martínez de la Rosa (born 24 February 1971) is a former Spanish Formula One driver who has participated in 107 Grands Prix for the Arrows, Jaguar, McLaren, Sauber and HRT F1 teams, debuting on 7 March 1999, becoming one of very few drivers to score a point at his first race.
Pegaso ("Pegasus") was a Spanish manufacturer of trucks, omnibuses, tractors, armored vehicles, and, for a while, sports cars.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.
The Perpignan–Barcelona high-speed line is an international high-speed rail line between France and Spain.
Peter Gelderloos (born) is an American anarchist activist and writer.
Petronilla (29 June/11 August 1136 – 15 October 1173), whose name is also spelled Petronila or Petronella (Aragonese Peyronela or Payronella, and Peronella), was the Queen of Aragon from the abdication of her father in 1137 until her own abdication in 1164.
Philip IV of Spain (Felipe IV; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Filipe III).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pierre François André Méchain (16 August 1744 – 20 September 1804) was a French astronomer and surveyor who, with Charles Messier, was a major contributor to the early study of deep sky objects and comets.
Plaça d'Europa (official name in Catalan, in Plaza de Europa) is a square in the District VII (Granvia l'Hospitalet) of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (suburb of Barcelona, Catalonia in Spain).
Plaça de Catalunya (meaning in English "Catalonia Square"; sometimes referred to as Plaza de Cataluña, its Spanish name) is a large square in central Barcelona that is generally considered to be both its city centre and the place where the old city (see Barri Gòtic and Raval, in Ciutat Vella) and the 19th century-built Eixample meet.
Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes, most often shortened to Glòries, is a large square in Barcelona, first designed by Ildefons Cerdà to serve as the city centre in his original urban plan (Pla Cerdà), but nowadays relegated to quite a secondary position.
Plaça del Rei (Plaza del Rey, meaning "King's Square") is a 14th-century medieval public square in the Barri Gòtic of Barcelona.
The Plaça de Sant Jaume (in English "Saint James's Square") is a square at the center of the Old City of Barcelona and the administrative heart of both the city and surrounding Catalonia.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping landmass that generally does not change much in elevation.
Barcelona hopes to host the Winter Olympic Games in 2026.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, UPC), currently referred to as BarcelonaTech and commonly named just as UPC, is the largest engineering university in Catalonia, Spain.
Pompeu Fabra University (Universitat Pompeu Fabra,; UPF) is a public university in Barcelona, Spain.
Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer.
The Port of Barcelona (Port de Barcelona,; Puerto de Barcelona) has a 2000-year history and great contemporary commercial importance as one of Europe's ports in the Mediterranean, as well as Catalonia's largest port, tying with Tarragona.
The Port Olímpic (Olympic Harbour) is a marina located in Barcelona, Catalonia.
Port Vell (literally in English 'Old Harbor') is a waterfront harbor in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, and part of the Port of Barcelona.
The Port Vell Aerial Tramway (Telefèric del Port or Aeri del Port, Teleférico del Puerto) is an aerial tramway in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
PortAventura World is an entertainment resort in Salou and Vila-seca, Tarragona, on the Costa Daurada in Spain.
A post-war period or postwar period is the interval immediately following the end of a war.
The International Olympic Committee is a corporation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrius Vikelas on 23 June 1894.
Primavera Sound is a music festival that takes place between the end of May and beginning of June in Barcelona, Spain and Porto, Portugal.
The Primera División or División de Honor of the Liga Nacional de Fútbol Sala, is the premier professional futsal league in Spain.
The Principality of Catalonia (Principat de Catalunya, Principatus Cathaloniæ, Principautat de Catalonha, Principado de Cataluña) was a medieval and early modern political entity or state in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula.
Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
PTV was a trademark of Automóviles Utilitarios S. A. a microcar manufacturer based in Manresa, near Barcelona, Spain.
Public art in Barcelona is a designated group of monuments and outdoor sculptures in the city.
Public security is the function of governments which ensures the protection of citizens, persons in their territory, organizations, and institutions against threats to their well-being – and to the prosperity of their communities.
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
RAC 1 is the main Catalan language private radio station.
A rack railway (also rack-and-pinion railway, cog railway, or cogwheel railway) is a steep grade railway with a toothed rack rail, usually between the running rails.
Radio masts and towers are, typically, tall structures designed to support antennas (also known as aerials) for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television.
Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1114 – 6 August 1162, Anglicized Raymond Berengar IV), sometimes called the Saint, was the Count of Barcelona who brought about the union of his County of Barcelona with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the Crown of Aragon.
Ramon Llull University (Universitat Ramon Llull, URL) is a private university located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain established in 1990.
This article includes several ranked indicators for Spain's municipalities.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona (Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona), commonly known as RCD Espanyol, or simply as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Spain.
RCDE Stadium, also known as Estadi Cornellà-El Prat (Estadio Cornellà-El Prat) is an all-seater football stadium on the outskirts of Cornellà de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat, in the wider Barcelona urban area (Catalonia, Spain).
The Real Club de Tenis Barcelona 1899 is a private tennis club in Barcelona, Spain.
The Reapers' War (Guerra dels Segadors) affected a large part of the Principality of Catalonia between the years of 1640 and 1659.
Refractive eye surgery is any eye surgery used to improve the refractive state of the eye and decrease or eliminate dependency on glasses or contact lenses.
Refusal of work is behavior in which a person refuses to adapt to regular employment.
Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the, the and the networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company Adif (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias—Railway Infrastructure Administration).
The Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC) is a Catalan nationalist and democratic socialist political party in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia.
Reus Airport is located by the beaches of Costa Daurada, equidistant in relation to the town of Constantí and the city of Reus and approximately from the city center of Tarragona, in Catalonia, Spain.
Ricardo Zamora Martínez (21 January 1901 – 8 September 1978) was a Spanish footballer and manager.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and field and cross country running).
Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured.
Rodalies de Catalunya ("Commuter Rail of Catalonia") is the main commuter and regional rail system in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia.
Roller hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using wheeled skates.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later, depending on region.
The Gypsies in Spain, generally known as gitanos, belong to the Iberian Kale group, with smaller populations in Portugal (known as ciganos) and in southern France.
The Royal Gold Medal for architecture is awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects on behalf of the British monarch, in recognition of an individual's or group's substantial contribution to international architecture.
The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
Sabadell (Latin: Sabatellum) is the second largest city in the comarca of the Vallès Occidental in Catalonia, Spain.
Sabadell Airport is located next to the city of Sabadell, from Barcelona's city centre, in Catalonia.
The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia; Expiatory Church of the Holy Family) is a large unfinished Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).
Sagrada Família is a neighborhood in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Sant Adrià de Besòs is a city and a municipality within the comarca of Barcelonès in Catalonia, north-eastern Spain.
Sant Andreu is one of the ten districts of Barcelona's districting in 1984.
Sant Cugat del Vallès (San Cugat del Vallés) (pop. 89,516 in 2017) is a town and municipality north of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
Sant Feliu de Llobregat is an industrial city and municipality in Catalonia, Spain, in the province of Barcelona.
Sant Gervasi – la Bonanova is a neighborhood in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
Sant Joan Despí (Old Catalan for Saint John of the Pine) is a city and municipality located in the Baix Llobregat area (Barcelona province in Catalonia, Spain).
Sant Just Desvern (Old Catalan for Saint Justin of-the-Buckthorn) is a town near Barcelona, in the ''comarca'' of the Baix Llobregat, Catalonia, Spain.
Sant Martí, is a district of Barcelona located on its eastern side, usually numbered 10 out of the ten districts of the city.
Sant Pau del Camp (Catalan for "Saint Paul of the countryside" or "in the fields") is a church and former monastery in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Sant Sebastià beach is located in Barcelona, Spain.
Santa Coloma de Cervelló is a municipality situated in the comarca of Baix Llobregat, at the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Santa Coloma de Gramanet), informally simply known as Santa Coloma (historically also known as Gramenet de Besòs) is a municipality in Catalonia, Spain.
Santa Maria del Mar ("Saint Mary of the Sea") is an imposing church in the Ribera district of Barcelona, Spain, built between 1329 and 1383 at the height of Aragon kingdom's maritime and mercantile preeminence.
Santa Maria del Pi (meaning "St. Mary of the Pine") is a 15th-century Gothic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Sants-Montjuïc is one of the ten districts Barcelona has been split in since 1984, numbered District 3.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Sarrià-Sant Gervasi is one of the biggest districts of Barcelona, situated on the north-west of the city, surrounded by the districts of Les Corts, Gràcia, and Eixample i Horta-Guinardo and by the villages of Sant Just, Sant Feliu, Molins de Rei, and Sant Cugat.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
Sónar is a three-day electronic and advanced music festival.
A science museum is a museum devoted primarily to science.
SEAT, S.A. (Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo) is a Spanish automobile manufacturer with its head office in Martorell, Catalonia.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
Self-defence (self-defense in some varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.
Self-employment is the state of working for oneself rather than an employer.
The Serra de Collserola, or simply Collserola, is a mountain range between the rivers Besòs and Llobregat.
Manuel "Sete" Gibernau Bultó (born 15 December 1972) is a Spanish former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Alfonso "Sito" Pons Ezquerra (Barcelona 9 November 1959) is a Spanish former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.
Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, a entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation.
A smart city is an urban area that uses different types of electronic data collection sensors to supply information which is used to manage assets and resources efficiently.
Social centers (or social centres) are community spaces.
Social services are a range of public services provided by the government, private, and non-profit organizations.
The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya, PSC–PSOE official acronym) is a social-democratic political party in Catalonia, Spain resulting from the merger of two parties Socialist Party of Catalonia–Regrouping led by Josep Pallach i Carolà and Socialist Party of Catalonia–Congress and also the Catalan Federation of the PSOE.
Somorrostro Beach is one of the beaches in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish art has been an important contributor to Western art and Spain has produced many famous and influential artists including Velázquez, Goya and Picasso.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
The Spanish Grand Prix (Gran Premio de España) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Barcelona.
The Spanish GT Championship / Iber GT (Campeonato de España de GT / Iber GT) was a Spanish auto racing series founded in 1999 and organised by the GT Sport Organización.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Spanish transition to democracy (Transición española a la democracia), known in Spain as the Transition (La Transición), or the Spanish transition (Transición española) is a period of modern Spanish history, that started on 20 November 1975, the date of death of Francisco Franco, who had established a military dictatorship after the victory of the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War.
Sport is a Spanish daily sports newspaper based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
A sports club or sporting club, sometimes athletics club or sports society or sports association, is a group of people formed for the purpose of playing sports.
Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.
The Statistical Institute of Catalonia (in Catalan: Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya, usually referred to by its acronym IDESCAT) is the official body responsible for collecting and publishing statistics in the autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain.
A supermajority or supra-majority or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one-half used for majority.
Tarragona (Phoenician: Tarqon; Tarraco) is a port city located in northeast Spain on the Costa Daurada by the Mediterranean Sea.
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
A taxicab stand (also called taxi rank, cab stand, taxi stand, cab rank, or hack stand) is a queue area on a street or on private property where taxicabs line up to wait for passengers.
The Teatre Lliure ("Free Theatre") is a theatre in Barcelona, Spain, considered one of the most prestigious in Catalonia.
Teatre Nacional de Catalunya (TNC) (National Theatre of Catalonia) is a public theatre in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain created by the Culture Department of the Catalan Government.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
The Spanish telephone numbering plan is the allocation of telephone numbers in Spain.
Televisió de Catalunya (known by the acronym TVC) is the public broadcasting network of Catalonia, one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain.
A television channel is a broadcast frequency or virtual number over which a television station or television network is distributed.
The Temple Expiatori del Sagrat Cor (Expiatory Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Templo Expiatorio del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús) is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica located on the summit of Mount Tibidabo in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Tercera División (Third Division) is the fourth level of the Spanish football league system.
Teresa Duran i Armengol (16 December 1949 Barcelona) is a Catalan writer and illustrator.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The Brandery was an urban fashion show, organized from 2009 to 2012 by Fira de Barcelona and held twice a year, in summer and winter.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Japanese and Europe: Economic and Cultural Encounters is a 1996 book by Marie Conte-Helm, published by Athlone Press.
The Pinker Tones is an alternative pop band from Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) is an international non-profit association that represents creators, developers, designers and producers of themed entertainment.
Tibidabo is a mountain overlooking Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Tibidabo Amusement Park (Catalan: Parc d'Atraccions Tibidabo) is an amusement park located on Tibidabo in the Collserola Ridge in Barcelona.
The Tibidabo Funicular (Funicular del Tibidabo; Funicular del Tibidabo) is a funicular railway in the city of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain.
Torre de Collserola is a uniquely designed tower located on the Tibidabo hill in the Serra de Collserola, in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Torre Glòries, formerly known as Torre Agbar, is a 38-story skyscraper/tower located between Avinguda Diagonal and Carrer Badajoz, near Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes, which marks the gateway to the new technological district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Torre Jaume I is a 107-metre (351 feet) high steel truss tower in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, which was built in 1931 by Carlos Boigas.
Torre Mapfre is a skyscraper in the Port Olímpic (Olympic Port), the maritime neighborhood of the Old City of Barcelona in Spain.
Torre Sant Sebastià is a 78 metre tall free standing lattice tower in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain which is used as a suspension cable station.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Toulouse Business School(TBS) was founded in 1903 by the Toulouse Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the school's initial vocation was to respond to the needs of the local business community for able business administrators.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
The Trambaix is one of Barcelona's three tram systems.
Trambesòs is a tram–light rail system in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia that links the Barcelona district of Sant Martí with Badalona and Sant Adrià de Besòs.
Tramvia Metropolità, SA (TramMet) is a company based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Tramvia Blau (Catalan for "blue tramway") is one of Barcelona's three tram systems.
A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.
Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) is the main public transit operator in Barcelona, made up of two formerly separate companies, Ferrocarril Metropolità de Barcelona, SA. and Transports de Barcelona, SA..
Travessera de Dalt is an important and much-used street in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain).
A triumphal arch is a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Unió Esportiva Sant Andreu is a Spanish football team based in the city of Barcelona in the district of Sant Andreu, in the autonomous community of Catalonia.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
UEFA stadium categories are categories for football stadiums laid out in the UEFA Stadium Infrastructure Regulations.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM; Union pour la Méditerranée, الاتحاد من أجل المتوسط) is an intergovernmental organization of 43 member states from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin: the 28 EU member states and 15 Mediterranean partner countries from North Africa, Western Asia and Southern Europe.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of Barcelona (Universitat de Barcelona, UB;; Universidad de Barcelona) is a public university located in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia in Spain.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park in cities and other incorporated places to offer recreation and green space to residents of, and visitors to, the municipality.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.
The Vallvidrera Funicular (both Catalan and Spanish:Funicular de Vallvidrera) is a funicular railway in the Barcelona district of Sarrià-Sant Gervasi, in Catalonia, Spain.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
The Venetian Towers (in Catalan: Torres Venecianes) is the popular name for a pair of towers on Avinguda de la Reina Maria Cristina at its junction with Plaça d'Espanya in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
VilaWeb is a Catalan-language web portal and daily news outlet, founded in May 1995 by the journalists Vicent Partal and Assumpció Maresma.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Vueling Airlines, S.A. (styled as Vueling) is a Spanish low-cost airline based at El Prat de Llobregat in Greater Barcelona with hubs in Barcelona–El Prat Airport and Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport in Rome, Italy.
W Barcelona, popularly known as the Hotel Vela (Sail Hotel) due to its shape, is a building designed by Ricardo Bofill is located in the Barceloneta district of Barcelona, in the expansion of the Port of Barcelona.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World Trade Center Barcelona is a business park located in Barcelona, opened on 22 July 1999.
The World Urban Forum (WUF) is the world’s premier conference on urban issues.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zona Franca (also called in Polígon Industrial de la Zona Franca) is a logistics and industrial area located in the Sants-Montjuïc district of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
The 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition (in Catalan: Exposició Universal de Barcelona and Exposición Universal de Barcelona in Spanish) was Spain's first International World's Fair and ran from May 20 to December 9, 1888.
The 1929 Barcelona International Exposition (also 1929 Barcelona Universal Exposition, or Expo 1929, in Catalan: Exposició Internacional de Barcelona de 1929) was the second World Fair to be held in Barcelona, the first one being in 1888.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain from 13 June to 11 July 1982.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
20 minutos is a Spanish free newspaper, with local editions in several Spanish cities, published by Multiprensa & Mas S.L..
The 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures - (Fòrum Universal de les Cultures, Fórum Universal de las Culturas) was a 141-day international event that took place in the Centre de Convencions Internacional de Barcelona (CCIB) and its surrounding venues, Barcelona, Spain from May 9 to September 26, 2004, and was the first edition of the Universal Forum of Cultures.
The 15th FINA World Championships (Campionat Mundial de Natació de 2013, Campeonato Mundial de Natación de 2013) were held from July 20 to August 4 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
On the afternoon of 17 August 2017, 22-year-old Younes Abouyaaqoub drove a van into pedestrians on La Rambla in Barcelona, Spain, killing 13 people and injuring at least 130 others, one of whom died 10 days later on 27 August.
22@ (read vint-i-dos arrova), also known as 22@Barcelona and Districte de la innovació (innovation district) is the corporative name given to an urban renewal area in Barcelona's formerly industrial area of Poblenou, in the district of Sant Martí, nicknamed "the Catalan Manchester" in the 19th century.
Barcellona, Barcelona (Spain), Barcelona City, Barcelona City Council, Barcelona, Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, Barcelonan, Barcelone, Capital of Catalonia, City of Barcelona, Geography of Barcelona, The weather in Barcelona, UN/LOCODE:ESBCN.