141 relations: Abbreviation, Adjusted ERA+, Alan Schwarz, American League, Assist (baseball), At bat, At bats per home run, Balk, Base on balls, Base runs, Baseball awards, Baseball park, Baseball positioning, Baseball rules, Baseball Think Factory, Bases on balls per 9 innings pitched, Batters faced (baseball), Batting average, Batting average against, Batting average on balls in play, Caught stealing, Complete game, Component ERA, Computer, Cricket, Cy Young Award, Defense independent pitching statistics, Defense-Independent Component ERA, Document, Double (baseball), Double play, Earned run, Earned run average, Equivalent average, Error (baseball), Extra-base hit, Fangraphs, Fielder's choice, Fielding percentage, Games behind, Games in relief, Games pitched, Games played, Games started, Glossary of baseball, Glossary of baseball (I), Glossary of baseball (L), Grand slam (baseball), Gross Production Average, Ground ball/fly ball ratio, ..., Hank Aaron Award, Henry Chadwick (writer), Hit (baseball), Hit by pitch, Hits allowed, Hits per nine innings, Hold (baseball), Home run, Home runs allowed, Home runs per hit, Home runs per nine innings, Hy Turkin, Inning, Innings pitched, Inside-the-park home run, Intentional base on balls, Isolated Power, List of Major League Baseball awards, List of Major League Baseball career games finished leaders, List of Major League Baseball career total bases leaders, Macmillan Publishers, Major League Baseball, Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award, Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, National League, Negro league baseball, NERD (sabermetrics), On-base percentage, On-base plus slugging, Passed ball, Paul Adomites, Pete Palmer, Phantom ballplayer, Pitch (baseball), Pitch count, Plate appearance, Plate appearances per strikeout, Power finesse ratio, Professional baseball, Putout, Pythagorean expectation, Quality of Pitch, Quality start, Range factor, Rawlings Gold Glove Award, Retrosheet, Run (baseball), Run average, Run batted in, Runs created, Runs produced, Sabermetrics, Sacrifice bunt, Sacrifice fly, Save (baseball), Scoring position, Scout (sport), Shutouts in baseball, Silver Slugger Award, Single (baseball), Slugging percentage, Society for American Baseball Research, Softball, Sports league, Starting pitcher, Statistics, Stolen base, Stolen base percentage, Strike zone, Strikeout, Strikeout-to-walk ratio, Strikeouts per 9 innings pitched, Times on base, Tom Tango, Total average, Total Baseball, Total chances, Triple (baseball), Triple Crown (baseball), Triple play, Ultimate zone rating, Value over replacement player, Walk-to-strikeout ratio, Walks plus hits per inning pitched, Wild pitch, Win Shares, Win–loss record (pitching), Winning percentage, Wins Above Replacement, WOBA. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.
Adjusted ERA+, often simply abbreviated to ERA+ or ERA plus, is a pitching statistic in baseball.
Alan Schwarz (born July 3, 1968) is a Pulitzer Prize-nominated National Correspondent at The New York Times best known for writing more than 100 articles that exposed the seriousness of concussions among football players of all ages.
The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada.
In baseball, an assist (denoted by A) is a defensive statistic, baseball being one of the few sports in which the defensive team controls the ball.
In baseball, an at bat (AB) or time at bat is a batter's turn batting against a pitcher.
In baseball statistics, at bats per home run (AB/HR) is a way to measure how frequently a batter hits a home run.
In baseball, a pitcher can commit a number of illegal motions or actions that constitute a balk.
A base on balls (BB), also known as a walk, occurs in baseball when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls, and is in turn awarded first base without the possibility of being called out.
Base runs (BsR) is a baseball statistic invented by sabermetrician David Smyth to estimate the number of runs a team "should have" scored given their component offensive statistics, as well as the number of runs a hitter or pitcher creates or allows.
Professional baseball leagues, amateur-baseball organizations, sportswriting associations, and other groups confer awards on various baseball teams, players, managers, coaches, executives, broadcasters, writers, and other baseball-related people for excellence in achievement, sportsmanship, and community involvement.
A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a venue where baseball is played.
In baseball and softball, while there are nine named fielding positions, players, with the exception of the pitcher and catcher, may move around freely.
The rules of baseball differ slightly from league to league, but in general share the same basic game play.
Baseball Think Factory, abbreviated as BTF or BBTF, is a sabermetrically-oriented baseball web site that features daily news stories in baseball, with original content contributed by SABR members such as Dan Szymborski.
In baseball statistics, bases on balls per 9 innings pitched (BB/9IP or BB/9) or walks per nine innings (denoted by W/9) is the average number of bases on balls, (or walks) given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched.
In baseball statistics, Batters Faced (BF), also known as Total Batters Faced (TBF), is the number of batters who made a plate appearance before the pitcher in a game or in a season.
Batting average is a statistic in cricket, baseball, and softball that measures the performance of batsmen in cricket and batters in baseball and softball.
In baseball statistics, batting average against (denoted by BAA or AVG), or opponents' batting average (denoted by OBA) is a statistic that measures a pitcher's ability to prevent hits during official at bats.
In baseball statistics, Batting average on balls in play (abbreviated BABIP) measures how many of a batter’s balls in play go for hits, or how many balls in play against a pitcher go for hits, excluding home runs.
In baseball, a runner is charged, and the fielders involved are credited, with a time caught stealing when the runner attempts to advance or lead off from one base to another without the ball being batted and then is tagged out by a fielder while making the attempt.
In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game without the benefit of a relief pitcher.
Component ERA or ERC is a baseball statistic invented by Bill James.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL).
In baseball, defense-independent pitching statistics (DIPS) measure a pitcher's effectiveness based only on statistics that do not involve fielders (except the catcher).
Defense-Independent Component ERA (DICE) is a 21st-century variation on Component ERA, one of an increasing number of baseball sabermetrics that fall under the umbrella of defense independent pitching statistics.
A document is a written, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought.
In baseball, a double is the act of a batter striking the pitched ball and safely reaching second base without being called out by the umpire, without the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) or another runner being put out on a fielder's choice.
In baseball, a double play (denoted as DP in baseball statistics) is the act of making two outs during the same continuous play.
In baseball, an earned run is any run that was fully enabled by the offensive team's production in the face of competent play from the defensive team.
In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched (i.e. the traditional length of a game).
Equivalent Average (EqA) is a baseball metric invented by Clay Davenport and intended to express the production of hitters in a context independent of park and league effects.
In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.
In baseball, an extra-base hit (EB, EBH or XBH), also known as a long hit, is any base hit on which the batter is able to advance past first base without the benefit of a fielder either committing an error or opting to make a throw to retire another base runner (see fielder's choice).
FanGraphs.com is a website run by Fangraphs Inc., located in Arlington, Virginia, and created and owned by David Appelman that provides statistics for every player in Major League Baseball history.
In baseball, fielder's choice (abbreviated FC) refers to a variety of plays involving an offensive player reaching a base due to the defense's attempt to put out another baserunner, or the defensive team's indifference to his advance.
In baseball statistics, fielding percentage, also known as fielding average, is a measure that reflects the percentage of times a defensive player properly handles a batted or thrown ball.
In most North American sports, the phrase games behind or games back (often abbreviated GB), is a common way to reflect the gap between a leading team and another team in a sports league, conference, or division.
In baseball statistics, games in relief (denoted by GIR) is the number of games in which a pitcher appears but is not the starting pitcher.
In baseball statistics, games pitched (denoted by GP, or GamesG in tables of only pitching statistics) is the number of games in which a player appears as a pitcher; a player who is announced as the pitcher must face at least one batter, although exceptions are made if the pitcher announced in the starting lineup is injured before facing a batter, perhaps while batting or running the bases in the top of the first inning, before the opposing team comes to bat.
Games played (most often abbreviated as G or GP) is a statistic used in team sports to indicate the total number of games in which a player has participated (in any capacity); the statistic is generally applied irrespective of whatever portion of the game is contested.
In baseball statistics, games started (denoted by GS) indicates the number of games that a pitcher has started for his team.
This is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial and specialized terms, phrases, and other jargon used in baseball, and their definitions, including illustrative examples for many entries.
I have it.
In baseball, a grand slam is a home run hit with all three bases occupied by baserunners ("bases loaded"), thereby scoring four runs—the most possible in one play.
Gross Production Average or GPA is a baseball statistic created in 2003 by Aaron Gleeman, as a refinement of On-Base Plus Slugging (OPS).
In baseball statistics, ground ball-fly ball ratio (denoted by G/F or GB/FB) is a measure of.
The Hank Aaron Award is given annually to the Major League Baseball (MLB) players selected as the top hitter in each league, as voted on by baseball fans and members of the media.
Henry Chadwick (1824 – April 20, 1908) was an English-born American sportswriter, baseball statistician and historian, often called the "Father of Baseball" for his early reporting on and contributions to the development of the game.
In baseball statistics, a hit (denoted by H), also called a base hit, is credited to a batter when the batter safely reaches first base after hitting the ball into fair territory, without the benefit of an error or a fielder's choice.
In baseball, hit by pitch (HBP) is a situation in which a batter or his clothing or equipment (other than his bat) is struck directly by a pitch from the pitcher; the batter is called a hit batsman (HB).
In Baseball statistics, hits allowed (HA) signifies the total number of hits a pitcher allowed.
In baseball statistics, hits per nine innings (denoted by H/9) is the average number of hits allowed by a pitcher in a nine inning period; calculated as: (hits allowed x 9) / innings pitched.
A hold (abbreviated HLD, H or HD) is awarded to a relief pitcher who meets the following three conditions: The hold is not an official Major League Baseball statistic.
In baseball, a home run (abbreviated HR) is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process.
In baseball statistics, home runs allowed (HRA) signifies the total number of home runs a pitcher allowed.
In baseball statistics, home run per hit (HR/H) is the percentage of hits that are home runs.
In baseball statistics, home runs allowed per 9 innings pitched (HR/9IP or HR/9) or home runs allowed per nine innings (denoted by HR/9) is the average number of home runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched.
Hyman C. Turkin (May 9, 1915 – June 24, 1955) was a sportswriter best known for co-editing the first baseball encyclopedia.
An inning in baseball, softball, and similar games is the basic unit of play, consisting of two halves or frames, the "top" (first half) and the "bottom" (second half).
In baseball, innings pitched (IP) are the number of innings a pitcher has completed, measured by the number of batters and baserunners that are put out while the pitcher is on the pitching mound in a game.
In baseball, an inside-the-park home run is a play where a batter hits a home run without hitting the ball out of the field of play.
In baseball, an intentional base on balls, usually referred to as an intentional walk and denoted in baseball scorekeeping by IBB, is a walk issued to a batter by a pitcher with the intent of removing the batter's opportunity to swing at the pitched ball.
In baseball, Isolated Power or ISO is a sabermetric computation used to measure a batter's raw power.
Major League Baseball presents a variety of annual awards and trophies to recognize both its teams and its players.
In baseball statistics, a relief pitcher is credited with a game finished (denoted by GF) if he is the last pitcher to pitch for his team in a game.
In baseball statistics, total bases (TBs) is the number of bases a player has gained with hits.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League.
In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is annually given to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA).
The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP), or simply the National Association (NA), was founded in 1871 and continued through the 1875 season.
The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.
The Negro leagues were United States professional baseball leagues comprising teams predominantly made up of African Americans and, to a lesser extent, Latin Americans.
In baseball statistics, NERD (a wink towards the mnemonic "Narration, Exposition, Reflection, Description") is a quantitative measure of expected aesthetic value.
In baseball statistics, on-base percentage (OBP; sometimes referred to as on-base average/OBA, as the statistic is rarely presented as a true percentage) is a statistic generally measuring how frequently a batter reaches base.
On-base plus slugging (OPS) is a sabermetric baseball statistic calculated as the sum of a player's on-base percentage and slugging average.
In baseball, a catcher is charged with a passed ball when he fails to hold or control a legally pitched ball that, with ordinary effort, should have been maintained under his control, and, as a result of this loss of control, the batter or a runner on base advances.
Paul Adomites is a baseball historian, author and Society for American Baseball Research member who has written or contributed to many baseball books.
Pete Palmer (born January 30, 1938) is an American sports statistician and encyclopedia editor.
A phantom ballplayer can be one of two things.
In baseball, a pitch is the act of throwing a baseball toward home plate to start a play.
In baseball statistics, pitch count is the number of pitches thrown by a pitcher in a game.
In baseball statistics, a player is credited with a plate appearance (denoted by PA) each time he completes a turn batting.
In baseball statistics, plate appearances per strikeout (PA/SO) represents a ratio of the number of times a batter strikes out to their plate appearance.
Power finesse ratio or PFR in baseball is a statistical measure of the performance of a pitcher used in Sabermetrics.
Professional baseball is played in leagues throughout the world.
In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by one of the following methods.
Pythagorean expectation is a sports analytics formula devised by Bill James to estimate the percentage of games a baseball team "should" have won based on the number of runs they scored and allowed.
Quality of Pitch (QOP) is a pitch quantification statistic which combines speed, location and movement into a single numeric value that quantifies the quality of a baseball pitch.
In baseball, a quality start is a statistic for a starting pitcher defined as a game in which the pitcher completes at least six innings and permits no more than three earned runs.
Range Factor (commonly abbreviated RF) is a baseball statistic developed by Bill James.
The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league.
Retrosheet is a non-profit organization whose website features major league baseball box scores and play-by-play narratives for almost every contest from 1871–1872, 1874, 1911 National League, and since 1913.
In baseball, a run is scored when a player advances around first, second and third base and returns safely to home plate, touching the bases in that order, before three outs are recorded and all obligations to reach base safely on batted balls are met or assured.
In baseball statistics, run average (RA) refers to measures of the rate at which runs are allowed or scored.
A run batted in (RBI), plural runs batted in (RBI or RBIs), is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored (except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play).
Runs created (RC) is a baseball statistic invented by Bill James to estimate the number of runs a hitter contributes to his team.
Runs produced is a baseball statistic that can help estimate the number of runs a hitter contributes to his team.
Sabermetrics is the empirical analysis of baseball, especially baseball statistics that measure in-game activity.
In baseball, a sacrifice bunt (also called a sacrifice hit) is a batter's act of deliberately bunting the ball, before there are two outs, in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base.
In baseball, a sacrifice fly (sometimes abbreviated to sac fly) is defined by Rule 9.08(d) http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/official_rules.jsp: "Score a sacrifice fly when, before two are out, the batter hits a ball in flight handled by an outfielder or an infielder running in the outfield in fair or foul territory that.
In baseball, a save (abbreviated SV or S) is credited to a pitcher who finishes a game for the winning team under certain prescribed circumstances, described below.
In the sport of baseball, a baserunner is said to be in scoring position when they are on second or third base.
In professional sports, scouts are experienced talent evaluators who travel extensively for the purposes of watching athletes play their chosen sports and determining whether their set of skills and talents represent what is needed by the scout's organization.
In Major League Baseball, a shutout (denoted statistically as ShO or SHO) refers to the act by which a single pitcher pitches a complete game and does not allow the opposing team to score a run.
The Silver Slugger Award is awarded annually to the best offensive player at each position in both the American League and the National League, as determined by the coaches and manager (baseball) of Major League Baseball (MLB).
In baseball, a single is the most common type of base hit, accomplished through the act of a batter safely reaching first base by hitting a fair ball (thus becoming a runner) and getting to first base before a fielder puts him out.
In baseball statistics, slugging percentage (SLG) is a measure of the batting productivity of a hitter.
The Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) is a membership organization dedicated to fostering the research and dissemination of the history and record of baseball.
Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field.
A sports league is a group of sports teams that compete against each other in a specific sport.
In baseball (hardball or softball), a starting pitcher or starter is the first pitcher in the game for each team.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a runner advances to a base to which he is not entitled and the official scorer rules that the advance should be credited to the action of the runner.
Stolen base percentage is a statistic used in baseball.
In baseball, the strike zone is the volume of space through which a pitch must pass in order to be called a strike, if the batter does not swing.
In baseball or softball, a strikeout (or strike-out) occurs when a batter racks up three strikes during a time at bat.
In baseball statistics, strikeout-to-walk ratio (K/BB) is a measure of a pitcher's ability to control pitches, calculated as strikeouts divided by bases on balls.
In baseball statistics, strikeouts per 9 innings pitched (K/9, SO/9, or SO/9IP) is the mean of strikeouts (or Ks) by a pitcher per nine innings pitched.
In baseball statistics, the term times on base, also abbreviated as TOB, is the cumulative total number of times a batter has reached base as a result of hits, walks and hit by pitches.
Tom Tango and "TangoTiger" are aliases used online by a baseball sabermetrics and ice hockey statistics analyst.
Total average is a baseball statistic devised by sportswriter Thomas Boswell in the 1970s.
Total Baseball (Latest Edition, First Published 1989) is a baseball encyclopedia first compiled by John Thorn and Pete Palmer in 1989.
In baseball statistics, total chances (TC), also called chances offered, represents the number of plays in which a defensive player has participated.
In baseball, a triple is the act of a batter safely reaching third base after hitting the ball, with neither the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) nor another runner being put out on a fielder's choice.
In baseball, a player earns the Triple Crown when he leads a league in three specific statistical categories in the same season.
In baseball, a triple play (denoted as TP in baseball statistics) is the rare act of making three outs during the same continuous play.
Ultimate Zone Rating (UZR) is a sabermetric statistic used to measure fielding.
In baseball, value over replacement player (or VORP) is a statistic popularized by Keith Woolner that demonstrates how much a hitter contributes offensively or how much a pitcher contributes to his team in comparison to a fictitious "replacement player," who is an average fielder at his position and a below average hitter.
In baseball statistics, walk-to-strikeout ratio (BB/K) is a measure of a hitter's plate discipline and knowledge of the strike zone.
In baseball statistics, walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) is a sabermetric measurement of the number of baserunners a pitcher has allowed per inning pitched.
In baseball, a wild pitch (abbreviated WP) is charged against a pitcher when his pitch is too high, too short, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to control with ordinary effort, thereby allowing a baserunner, perhaps even the batter-runner on an uncaught third strike, to advance.
Win Shares is a book about baseball written by Bill James and Jim Henzler, published by STATS, Inc. in 2002.
In baseball and softball, a pitcher's win–loss record (also referred to simply as their record) indicates the number of wins (denoted "W") and losses (denoted "L") they have been credited with.
In sports, a winning percentage is the fraction of games or matches a team or individual has won.
Wins Above Replacement or Wins Above Replacement Player, commonly abbreviated to WAR or WARP, is a non-standardized sabermetric baseball statistic developed to sum up "a player's total contributions to his team".
In baseball, wOBA (or weighted on-base average) is a statistic, based on linear weights, designed to measure a player's overall offensive contributions per plate appearance.