98 relations: Amazon River, Aphrodisiac, Argos system, Australia, Basking shark, Bass Strait, Bay of Fundy, Black Sea, Boreal ecosystem, Brackish water, British Columbia Coast, Buoyancy, Calanoida, Calanus, Cape Cod, Cetacean surfacing behaviour, Charles Alexandre Lesueur, Charles John Cornish, Chumming, CITES, Commensalism, Commercial fishing, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Cookiecutter shark, Cosmopolitan distribution, Dardanelles, Deimatic behaviour, Display (zoology), Dorsal fin, Egg cell, Endangered Species Act of 1973, Filter feeder, Fish fin, Fish migration, Fish scale, Fishing trawler, Gestation, Gill, Gill raker, Globster, Great white shark, Guernsey Post, Hebrides, Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Intraspecific competition, Invertebrate, IUCN Red List, Johan Ernst Gunnerus, Jonathan Couch, ..., Killer whale, Lamniformes, Lamprey, Laurens Theodorus Gronovius, Leather, List of postage stamps of Guernsey, List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish, List of threatened sharks, Liver, Massachusetts, Mediterranean Sea, Megamouth shark, Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks, Ministry of Fisheries (New Zealand), Museums Victoria, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oil, Oophagy, Ovary, Overexploitation, Overwintering, Ovoviviparity, Pelagic zone, Placenta, Planktivore, Plankton, Plesiosauria, Portland, Victoria, Sea of Azov, Sea of Marmara, Sea serpent, Shark, Shark cartilage, Shark fin soup, Shark finning, Shark liver oil, Species of concern, Squalene, Stronsay Beast, Theodore Gill, Traditional Chinese medicine, Victoria (Australia), Vulnerable species, Whale shark, Yolk, Zooplankton, Zuiyo-maru carcass. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
The Amazon River (or; Spanish and Amazonas) in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and either the longest or second longest.
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An aphrodisiac or love drug is a substance that increases libido when consumed.
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Argos is a satellite-based system which collects, processes and disseminates environmental data from fixed and mobile platforms worldwide.
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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
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The basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is the second-largest living shark, after the whale shark, and one of three plankton-eating shark species, along with the whale shark and megamouth shark.
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Bass Strait is a sea strait separating Tasmania from the Australian mainland, specifically the state of Victoria.
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Bay of Fundy
The Bay of Fundy (or Fundy Bay; Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.
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The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
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A boreal ecosystem is an ecosystem with a subarctic climate in the Northern Hemisphere, roughly between latitude 50° to 70°N.
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Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.
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British Columbia Coast
The British Columbia Coast or BC Coast is Canada's western continental coastline on the North Pacific Ocean.
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In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.
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Calanoida is an order of copepods, a kind of zooplankton.
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Calanus is a genus of marine copepod in the family Calanidae (Order Calanoida).
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Cape Cod is a geographic cape extending into the Atlantic Ocean from the southeastern corner of mainland Massachusetts, in the northeastern United States.
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Cetacean surfacing behaviour
Cetacean surfacing behaviour or breaching is a group of behaviours demonstrated by the Cetacea infraorder when they come to the water's surface to breathe.
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Charles Alexandre Lesueur
Charles Alexandre Lesueur (1 January 1778 in Le Havre – 12 December 1846 in Le Havre) was a French naturalist, artist and explorer.
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Charles John Cornish
Charles John Cornish (28 September 1858 – 30 January 1906) was an English naturalist and author.
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Chumming (American English from Powhatan) is the practice of luring various animals, usually fish such as sharks, by throwing "chum" into the water.
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CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.
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Commensalism is a long term biological interaction (symbiosis) in which members of one species gain benefits while those of the other species are neither benefited nor harmed.
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Commercial fishing is the activity of catching fish and other seafood for commercial profit, mostly from wild fisheries.
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Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals -- more commonly abbreviated to just the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the Bonn Convention and CMS COP is known as Global Wildlife conference—aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.
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The cookiecutter shark (Isistius brasiliensis), also called the cigar shark, is a species of small dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae.
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In biogeography, a taxon is said to have a cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats.
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The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, translit), also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow, natural strait and internationally-significant waterway in northwestern Turkey that forms part of the continental boundary between Europe and Asia, and separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
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Deimatic behaviour, threat display, or startle display in animals means any pattern of behaviour, such as suddenly displaying conspicuous eyespots, to scare off or momentarily distract a predator, thus giving the prey animal an opportunity to escape.
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Display is a form of animal behaviour, connected to sexual selection and survival of the species in various ways.
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A dorsal fin is a fin located on the back of most marine and freshwater vertebrates such as fishes, cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), and the (extinct) ichthyosaur.
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The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
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Endangered Species Act of 1973
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA; 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.) is one of the few dozens of US environmental laws passed in the 1970s, and serves as the enacting legislation to carry out the provisions outlined in The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
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Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.
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Fins are usually the most distinctive anatomical features of a fish.
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Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.
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The skin of most fishes is covered with scales, which, in many cases, are animal reflectors or produce animal coloration.
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A fishing trawler is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls.
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Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.
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A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
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Gill rakers in fish are bony or cartilaginous processes that project from the branchial arch (gill arch) and are involved with suspension feeding tiny prey.
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A globster or blob is an unidentified organic mass that washes up on the shoreline of an ocean or other body of water.
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Great white shark
The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), commonly known as the great white or the white shark, is a species of large mackerel shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans.
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Guernsey Post is the postal service for the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands.
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The Hebrides (Innse Gall,; Suðreyjar) compose a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
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Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville
Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (12 September 1777 – 1 May 1850) was a French zoologist and anatomist.
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International Union for Conservation of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
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Intraspecific competition is an interaction in population ecology, whereby members of the same species compete for limited resources.
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Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
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IUCN Red List
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
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Johan Ernst Gunnerus
Johan Ernst Gunnerus (26 February 1718 – 23 September 1773) was a Norwegian bishop and botanist.
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Jonathan Couch (15 March 1789 – 13 April 1870) was a British naturalist, the only child of Richard and Philippa Couch, of a family long resident at Polperro, a small fishing village between Looe and Fowey, on the south coast of Cornwall.
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The Lamniformes (from the Greek word, Lamna "fish of prey") are an order of sharks commonly known as mackerel sharks (which may also refer specifically to the family Lamnidae).
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Lampreys (sometimes also called, inaccurately, lamprey eels) are an ancient lineage of jawless fish of the order Petromyzontiformes, placed in the superclass Cyclostomata.
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Laurens Theodorus Gronovius
Laurens Theodoor Gronovius (June 1, 1730 – August 8, 1777), also known as Laurentius Theodorus Gronovius or as Laurens Theodoor Gronow, was a Dutch naturalist born in Leiden.
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Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
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List of postage stamps of Guernsey
The first stamps issued by Guernsey were forced upon the island by the shortage of British stamps in 1941 during the German occupation of the Channel Islands Guernsey Post has issued postage stamps in the Bailiwick of Guernsey since its creation in 1969 when the postal service was separated from the Royal Mail.
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List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish
This list of prehistoric cartilaginous fish is an attempt to create a comprehensive listing of all genera that have ever been included in the class chondrichthyes and are known from the fossil record.
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List of threatened sharks
Threatened sharks are those vulnerable to endangerment (extinction) in the near future.
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The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
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Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
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The megamouth shark (Megachasma pelagios) is a species of deepwater shark.
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Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks
The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks is an international instrument for the conservation of migratory species of sharks.
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Ministry of Fisheries (New Zealand)
The Ministry of Fisheries (Māori: Te Tautiaki i nga tini a Tangaroa), also known by its acronym MFish, is a state sector organisation of New Zealand whose role is ensuring the sustainable utilisation of fisheries.
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Museums Victoria is an organisation which operates three major state-owned museums in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the Melbourne Museum, the Immigration Museum and Scienceworks.
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National Marine Fisheries Service
The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is a United States federal agency, responsible for the stewardship of national marine resources.
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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
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An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
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Oophagy sometimes ovophagy, literally "egg eating", is the practice of embryos feeding on eggs produced by the ovary while still inside the mother's uterus.
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The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
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Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
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Overwintering is the process by which some organisms pass through or wait out the winter season, or pass through that period of the year when "winter" conditions (cold or sub-zero temperatures, ice, snow, limited food supplies) make normal activity or even survival difficult or near impossible.
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Ovoviviparity, ovovivipary, or ovivipary, is a mode of reproduction in animals in which embryos that develop inside eggs remain in the mother's body until they are ready to hatch.
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The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean, and can be further divided into regions by depth.
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The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
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A planktivore is an aquatic organism that feeds on planktonic food, including zooplankton and phytoplankton.
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Plankton (singular plankter) are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current.
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Plesiosauria (Greek: πλησίος, plesios, meaning "near to" and Sauria) or plesiosaurs are an order or clade of Mesozoic marine reptiles (marine Sauropsida), belonging to the Sauropterygia.
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Portland is a small city in Victoria, Australia, and is the oldest European settlement in the state.
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Sea of Azov
The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; Azaq deñizi, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe.
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Sea of Marmara
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
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A sea serpent or sea dragon is a type of dragon described in various mythologies, most notably Greek (Cetus, Echidna, Hydra, Scylla), Mesopotamian (Tiamat), Hebrew (Leviathan), and Norse (Jörmungandr).
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Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head.
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Shark cartilage is a dietary supplement made from the dried and powdered cartilage of a shark; that is, from the tough material that composes a shark's skeleton.
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Shark fin soup
Shark fin soup (or shark's fin soup) is a traditional soup or stewed dish found in Chinese cuisine and Vietnamese cuisine.
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Shark finning is the act of removing fins from sharks, often while the shark is alive.
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Shark liver oil
Shark liver oil is an oil obtained from the livers of sharks.
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Species of concern
In wildlife conservation in the United States, species of concern are species about which there are some concerns regarding status and threats, but insufficient information is available to list the species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
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Squalene is a natural 30-carbon organic compound originally obtained for commercial purposes primarily from shark liver oil (hence its name, as Squalus is a genus of sharks), although plant sources (primarily vegetable oils) are now used as well, including amaranth seed, rice bran, wheat germ, and olives.
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The Stronsay Beast was a large carcass or globster that washed ashore on the island of Stronsay (at the time spelled Stronsa), in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, after a storm on 25 September 1808.
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Theodore Nicholas Gill (March 21, 1837 – September 25, 1914) was an American ichthyologist, mammalogist, malacologist and librarian.
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Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
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Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
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A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
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The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is a slow-moving, filter-feeding carpet shark and the largest known extant fish species.
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Among animals which produce one, the yolk (also known as the vitellus) is the nutrient-bearing portion of the egg whose primary function is to supply food for the development of the embryo.
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Zooplankton are heterotrophic (sometimes detritivorous) plankton.
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The was a basking shark corpse caught by the Japanese fishing trawler off the coast of New Zealand in 1977.
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Baskin shark, Basking Shark, Basking Sharks, Basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus), Basking sharks, Bone shark, Cetorhinid, Cetorhinidae, Cetorhinus, Cetorhinus blainvillei, Cetorhinus maximus, Cetorhinus normani, Hanovera aurata, Polyprosopus macer, Reremai, Selachus pennantii, Squalus cetaceus, Squalus elephas, Squalus gunnerianus, Squalus homianus, Squalus isodus, Squalus maximus, Squalus pelegrinus, Squalus rashleighanus, Squalus rostratus, Tetroras maccoyi.