218 relations: Abbey d'Ardenne, Alexander McKee (author), Antony Beevor, Army Group B, Army Group G, Arromanches-les-Bains, Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, Asnelles, Assault gun, Avranches, Éterville, Évrecy, B. H. Liddell Hart, Baron-sur-Odon, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Le Mesnil-Patry, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Villers-Bocage, Battle of Villers-Bocage order of battle, Battlefield 1942, Bayeux, Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery, Bernard Montgomery, Biuro Szyfrów, Bletchley Park, Blitzkrieg, Bocage, Bombing of Normandy, Bretteville-sur-Laize, Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery, Brittany, Brouay, Cabourg, Caen, Cagny, Calvados, Call of Duty 2, Calvados (department), Canal de Caen à la Mer, Carentan, Carlo D'Este, Carpiquet, Charles Perry Stacey, Cherbourg-Octeville, Chester Wilmot, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Churchill tank, Code, Cointet-element, Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts, Cotentin Peninsula, ..., Coup de main, Daily Mail, Day of Defeat, Defence in depth, Demolition, Dieppe Raid, Dives (river), Durham Light Infantry, Dwight D. Eisenhower, E-boat, Eastern Front (World War II), Edgar Feuchtinger, Enfilade and defilade, English Channel, Entrepôt, Erwin Rommel, Exercise Tiger, Falaise Pocket, Falaise, Calvados, First United States Army, First-person shooter, Fontaine-Étoupefour, Fontenay-le-Pesnel, François Mitterrand, Frederick E. Morgan, French Resistance, Friedrich Dollmann, Gale & Polden, Gerd von Rundstedt, German Army (Wehrmacht), Gold Beach, Government Communications Headquarters, Great power, Hans von Salmuth, Hidden & Dangerous 2, Hinterland, History of the Second World War, Hodder & Stoughton, Hubert Essame, I Corps (United Kingdom), I SS Panzer Corps, II Canadian Corps, II SS Panzer Corps, Infinity Ward, Isigny-sur-Mer, Johannes Blaskowitz, John Crocker, Juno Beach, Juno Beach order of battle, Juvigny-sur-Seulles, Kampfgruppe Weidinger, Kriegsmarine, Kurt Meyer, La Cambe German war cemetery, Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg, Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, Lion-sur-Mer, Lionel Ellis, List of Adolf Hitler's directives, List of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign, Luftflotte 3, Luftwaffe, M4 Sherman, Max Hastings, Merville-Franceville-Plage, Michael Wittmann, Miles Dempsey, Mont Pinçon, Mulberry harbour, NATO, Nebelwerfer, Normandy, Normandy landings, OB West, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Oberkommando des Heeres, Odon (river), Office of Public Sector Information, Omaha Beach, Omar Bradley, Operation Atlantic, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Charnwood, Operation Cobra, Operation Deadstick, Operation Downfall, Operation Epsom, Operation Goodwood order of battle, Operation Jupiter (1944), Operation Overlord, Operation Perch order of battle, Operation Spring, Operation Tonga, Operation Windsor, Operational level of war, Order of battle, Order of battle for Operation Epsom, Organisation Todt, Orne (river), Panzer Lehr Division, Paul Hausser, Périers, Manche, Pincer movement, Quinéville, Red Army, Robert M. Citino, Rod Keller, Rotor machine, S.L.A. Marshall, Saint-Lô, Second Army (United Kingdom), Sepp Dietrich, Sturmgeschütz, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Sword Beach, Terry Copp, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, The Second World War (book series), The South Saskatchewan Regiment, Tiger I, Tom Rennie, United States Army Command and General Staff College, University of Caen Normandy, Utah Beach, Vierville-sur-Mer, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Villons-les-Buissons, Vimont, Calvados, Vire, Vire (river), War Office, Western Front (World War I), Westheer, World War I, World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 102nd SS Heavy Panzer Battalion, 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 15th Army (Wehrmacht), 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, 1st Special Service Brigade, 2 cm Flak 30/38/Flakvierling, 214th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 21st Army Group, 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 27th Armoured Brigade, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 33rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 51st (Highland) Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 5th Panzer Army, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Expand index (168 more) » « Shrink index
L' Abbey d'Ardenne, the Abbey of Our Lady of the Ardennes, is a former Premonstratensian abbey founded in the 11th century and located near Saint-Germain-la-Blanche-Herbe in Calvados, near Caen, France.
Alexander Paul Charrier McKee OBE (25 July 1918 – 22 July 1992) was a British journalist, military historian, and diver who published nearly thirty books.
Sir Antony James Beevor, (born 14 December 1946) is an English military historian.
Army Group B (German: Heeresgruppe B) was the title of three German Army Groups that saw action during World War II.
The German Army Group G (Heeresgruppe G) fought on the Western Front of World War II and was a component of OB West.
Arromanches-les-Bains (or, simply Arromanches) is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandie region of northwestern France.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Arthur William Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, (11 July 1890 – 3 June 1967) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.
Asnelles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
An assault gun is a form of self-propelled artillery which utilizes an infantry support gun mounted on a motorized chassis, normally an armored fighting vehicle.
Avranches is a commune in the Manche department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Éterville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Évrecy is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist.
Baron-sur-Odon is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of Le Mesnil-Patry during the Second World War, was the last attack by an armoured battle group conducted by Canadian troops in Normandy in June 1944.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Villers-Bocage took place during the Second World War on 13 June 1944, one week after the Normandy Landings by the Western Allies that began the conquest of German-occupied France.
This is the order of battle for the Battle of Villers-Bocage, a World War II battle on 13 June 1944 between British and German forces in Normandy, France as part of Operation Perch.
Battlefield 1942 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Digital Illusions Creative Entertainment and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. The game can be played in single-player mode against the video game AI or in multiplayer mode against players on the Internet or in a local area network.
Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.
The Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery (Cimetière militaire canadien de Bény-sur-Mer) is a cemetery containing predominantly Canadian soldiers killed during the early stages of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The Biuro Szyfrów (Polish for "Cipher Bureau") was the interwar Polish General Staff's Second Department's unit charged with SIGINT and both cryptography (the use of ciphers and codes) and cryptanalysis (the study of ciphers and codes, for the purpose of "breaking" them).
Bletchley Park was the central site for British (and subsequently, Allied) codebreakers during World War II.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
Bocage is a terrain of mixed woodland and pasture.
The Bombing of Normandy during the Normandy invasion was meant to destroy the German communication lines in the Norman cities and towns.
Bretteville-sur-Laize is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery is a war cemetery containing predominantly Canadian soldiers killed during the later stages of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Brouay is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Cabourg is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of France.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Cagny is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Call of Duty 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward and published by Konami in Japan and Activision in the rest of the world.
Calvados is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Canal de Caen à la Mer (Canal from Caen to the sea) also called the "Caen Canal") is a short canal in the department (préfecture) of Calvados, France, connecting the Port of Caen, in the city of Caen, downstream to the town of Ouistreham and the English Channel. Running from north north-east to south south-west, the canal runs parallel to the Orne River which feeds it, it is long, and comprises two locks. Digging began in 1837, and when it was opened on August 23, 1857 it was only deep. It was deepened in 1920. The canal began with the dock at St. Peter's Basin (Bassin Saint-Pierre), in the downtown area of Caen. The canal is made up of a group of quays and docks. The current depth is, and the width can reach in the dock of Calix). The quay at Blainville-sur-Orne measures more than. It acts as the fourth commercial French port for the importation of exotic wood, generally coming from the Gulf of Guinea. It also loads and unloads iron, fertilizer, coal, and construction material. The port exports cereals that are produced in the area and has a silo capacity of 33,000 tons. One of the two locks at the port of Ouistreham, at the mouth of the canal, can accommodate ships of more than length. Also at Blainville is a Renault Trucks manufacturing plant. The plant is across the canal from the town, to the southeast, between the canal and the Orne River. Just across the river from the plant is the community of Colombelles. The channel passes the side of the Château de Bénouville. The famous Pegasus Bridge (aka "Ham"), from D-Day, June 6, 1944, crossed the canal near the village of Bénouville. The canal was considered both tactically and strategically important during the opening phases of the Battle of Normandy, as it was located on the eastern flank of the Allied beachhead area. The bridge was replaced in 1994.
Carentan is a small rural town near the north-eastern base of the French Cotentin Peninsula in Normandy in north-western France near the port city of Cherbourg, with a population somewhat over 6,000.
Carlo D'Este (born 1938 in Oakland, California) is an American military historian and biographer, author of several books, especially on World War II.
Carpiquet is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Colonel Charles Perry Stacey, OC, OBE, CD, FRSC (30 July 1906 – 17 November 1989) was a Canadian historian and university professor.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
Reginald William Winchester Wilmot (21 June 1911 – 10 January 1954) was an Australian war correspondent who reported for the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation during the Second World War.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.
The Cointet-element, also known as a Belgian Gate or C-element, was a heavy steel fence about three metres wide and two metres high, typically mounted on concrete rollers, used as a mobile anti-tank obstacle during World War II.
Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts (abbreviated CoH:OF) is the stand alone expansion pack to Company of Heroes, a real-time strategy game for computers running the Windows operating system.
The Cotentin Peninsula, also known as the Cherbourg Peninsula, is a peninsula in Normandy that forms part of the northwest coast of France.
A coup de main (plural: coups de main, French for blow with the hand) is a swift attack that relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Day of Defeat is a team-based multiplayer first-person shooter video game set in the European theatre of World War II on the Western front.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
Demolition or razing is the tearing down of buildings and other man-made structures.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
The Dives is a 105 km long river in the Pays d'Auge, Normandie, France.
The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Edgar Feuchtinger (9 November 1894 – 21 January 1960) was a German General (Generalleutnant) during the Second World War.
Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
An entrepôt or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Exercise Tiger, or Operation Tiger, was the code name for one in a series of large-scale rehearsals for the D-Day invasion of Normandy, which took place in April 1944 on Slapton Sands in Devon.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
Fontaine-Étoupefour is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Fontenay-le-Pesnel is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Edgworth Morgan (5 February 1894 – 19 March 1967) was a senior officer of the British Army who fought in both world wars.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
Friedrich Karl Albert Dollmann (2 February 188228 JuneReynolds, M: Steel Inferno, p. 163. Dell Publishing, 1997.D'Este, C: Decision in Normandy, pp. 241–242. Penguin Books, 2004. 1944) was a German general during World War II, most notably serving during the early phases of the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
Gale and Polden was a British printer and publisher.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.
The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is an intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the government and armed forces of the United Kingdom.
A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.
Hans von Salmuth (11 November 1888 – 1 January 1962) was a German general and war criminal during World War II.
Hidden & Dangerous 2 is a 2003 World War II, stealth based, tactical first and third person shooter video game.
Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).
The History of the Second World War is the official history of the British contribution to the Second World War and was published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO).
Hodder & Stoughton is a British publishing house, now an imprint of Hachette.
Major General Hubert Essame, (24 December 1896 – 2 March 1976) was a British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
The I SS Panzer Corps (I.SS-Panzerkorps) was a German armoured corps of the Waffen-SS.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
The II SS Panzer Corps was a German Waffen-SS armoured corps which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II.
Infinity Ward, Inc. is an American video game developer.
Isigny-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France.
Johannes Blaskowitz (10 July 1883 – 5 February 1948) was a German general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 during the Second World War.
This is the Juno Beach order of battle on D-Day.
Juvigny-sur-Seulles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Kampfgruppe (or Battlegroup) Weidinger was a formation from the 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" that was formed to support the attack of II SS Panzer Corps at the tail end of Operation Epsom in the Normandy Campaign.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kurt Meyer (23 December 1910 – 23 December 1961) was a high-ranking member in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany who commanded SS Division Hitlerjugend during World War II.
La Cambe is a military war grave cemetery, located close to Bayeux, France.
Leo Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg (2 March 1886 – 27 January 1974) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II, noted for his pioneering stance and expertise in the field of armoured warfare.
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
Lion-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Lionel Frederic Ellis CVO CBE DSO MC (13 May 1885 – 19 October 1970) was a British Army officer and military historian, author of three volumes of the official History of the Second World War.
Adolf Hitler's directives or Führer's directives (Führerbefehle) were instructions and strategic plans issued by Adolf Hitler himself.
This is a list of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign between 6 June-25 August 1944.
Luftflotte 3 (Air Fleet 3) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
Sir Max Hugh Macdonald Hastings (born 28 December 1945) is a British journalist, who has worked as a foreign correspondent for the BBC, editor-in-chief of The Daily Telegraph, and editor of the Evening Standard.
Merville-Franceville-Plage is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Michael Wittmann (22 April 1914 – 8 August 1944) was a German Waffen-SS tank commander during the Second World War.
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.
Mont Pinçon is the highest point of the department of Calvados, in Normandy, with an elevation of.
Mulberry harbours were temporary portable harbours developed by the United Kingdom during the Second World War to facilitate the rapid offloading of cargo onto beaches during the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Nebelwerfer ("Smoke Mortar") was a World War II German series of weapons.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The German Army Command in the West (Oberbefehlshaber West (German: initials OB West) was the overall command of the Westheer, the German Armed Forces on the Western Front during World War II. It was directly subordinate to German Armed Forces High Command. The area under the command of the OB West varied as the war progressed. At its farthest extent it reached the French Atlantic coast. By the end of World War II in Europe it was reduced to commanding troops in Bavaria.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was the High Command of the German Army during the Era of Nazi Germany.
The Odon is a river in the Calvados department, in Normandy, northwestern France.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II.
Operation Atlantic (18–21 July 1944) was a Canadian offensive during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Charnwood was an Anglo-Canadian offensive that took place from 8 to 9 July 1944, during the Battle for Caen, part of the larger Operation Overlord (code-name for the Battle of Normandy), in the Second World War.
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
Operation Deadstick was the codename for an operation by airborne forces of the British Army that took place in the early hours of 6 June 1944 as part of the Normandy landings of the Second World War.
Operation Downfall was the proposed Allied plan for the invasion of Japan near the end of World War II.
Operation Epsom, also known as the First Battle of the Odon, was a British Second World War offensive that took place between 26 and 30 June 1944, during the Battle of Normandy.
This is the order of battle for Operation Goodwood, a World War II battle between British and German forces in Normandy, France between 18 July and 20 July 1944.
Operation Jupiter was an offensive by VIII Corps of the British Second Army on 10 July 1944 during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
This is the order of battle for the Operation Perch, a World War II operation between British and German forces in Normandy, France between June 6 and June 19, 1944.
Operation Spring was an offensive operation conducted by II Canadian Corps during the Normandy campaign.
Operation Tonga was the codename given to the airborne operation undertaken by the British 6th Airborne Division between 5 June and 7 June 1944 as a part of Operation Overlord and the D-Day landings during the Second World War.
Operation Windsor was a Canadian attack, which was part of the Battle of Normandy during the Second World War.
In the field of military theory, the operational level of war (also called the operational art, as derived from оперативное искусство, or the operational warfare) represents the level of command that connects the details of tactics with the goals of strategy.
In modern use, the order of battle of an armed force participating in a military operation or campaign shows the hierarchical organization, command structure, strength, disposition of personnel, and equipment of units and formations of the armed force.
This is the order of battle for Operation Epsom, a Second World War battle between British and German forces in Normandy, France between 26 June and 30 June 1944.
The Todt Organisation (Organisation Todt, OT) was a civil and military engineering group in the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, named after its founder, Fritz Todt, an engineer and senior Nazi figure.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
The Panzer Lehr Division was an elite German armoured division during World War II.
Paul Hausser (7 October 1880 – 21 December 1972) was a high-ranking commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II who played a key role in the post-war efforts by former members of the Waffen-SS to achieve historical and legal rehabilitation.
Périers is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.
Quinéville is a commune in the Manche department in north-western France.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Robert M. Citino (born June 19, 1958) is an American military historian and the Samuel Zemurray Stone Senior Historian at the National WWII Museum.
Major General Rodney Frederick Leopold Keller CBE (2 October 1900 – 21 June 1954) was a notable Canadian Army officer who rose to divisional-level command in the Second World War.
In cryptography, a rotor machine is an electro-mechanical stream cipher device used for encrypting and decrypting secret messages.
Samuel Lyman Atwood Marshall (July 18, 1900 – December 17, 1977) was a chief U.S. Army combat historian during World War II and the Korean War.
Saint-Lô is a commune in north-western France, the capital of the Manche department in the region of Normandy.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
Josef Dietrich (28 May 1892 – 21 April 1966) was an Oberst-Gruppenführer in the Waffen-SS, the armed paramilitary branch of the Schutzstaffel (SS), who commanded units up to army level during World War II.
Sturmgeschütz (or StuG) meaning "assault gun" was a series of armored vehicles used by both the German Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS armored formations during the Second World War that primarily consisted of the StuG III and StuG IV.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.
Terry Copp (b. 1938) is a Canadian military historian and Professor Emeritus at Wilfrid Laurier University and is Director of the Laurier Centre for Military and Strategic Disarmament Studies.
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada is a reserve infantry regiment in 34 Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Second World War is a history of the period from the end of the First World War to July 1945, written by Winston Churchill.
The South Saskatchewan Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces formed in 1936 by the amalgamation of The Weyburn Regiment and The Saskatchewan Border Regiment.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
Major-General Thomas Gordon Rennie CB DSO MBE (3 January 1900 – 24 March 1945) was a British Army officer who commanded the 3rd Infantry Division and later the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division during World War II and was later killed in action during Operation Plunder, the crossing of the River Rhine in March 1945.
The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC or, obsolete, USACGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers.
The University of Caen Normandy (UNICAEN; French: Université de Caen Normandie) is a university in Caen in Normandy, France.
Utah, commonly known as Utah Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944 (D-Day), during World War II.
Vierville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.
VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Villons-les-Buissons is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Vimont is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Vire is a town and a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Vire is a river in Normandy, France whose 128 km course crosses the départements of Calvados and Manche, flowing through the towns of Vire, Saint-Lô and Isigny-sur-Mer, finally flowing out into the English Channel.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Westheer ("Western army") is the name given to the German Army fighting on the Western front of World War II after 1941.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 102nd Heavy SS Panzer Battalion (schwere SS-Panzerabteilung 102) was a German heavy tank battalion of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 10th SS Panzer Division "Frundsberg" (10.) was a German Waffen SS armoured division during World War II.
12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Canadian Army formed in July 1942 during the Second World War; it served in North West Europe, Landing in Normandy during Operation Tonga, in conjunction with the D-Day landings of 6 June 1944 and in the airborne assault crossing of the River Rhine, Operation Varsity, in March 1945.
The 1st Special Service Brigade was a commando brigade of the British Army.
The Flak 30 (Flugabwehrkanone 30) and improved Flak 38 were 20 mm anti-aircraft guns used by various German forces throughout World War II.
The 214th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army raised during World War II that saw active service on the North West Europe.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The 27th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that served in World War II and played a crucial role in the D-Day landings on 6 June 1944 and the following Battle of Normandy until disbandment in late 1944.
The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.
The 33rd Armoured Brigade (33rd Armd Bde) was an armoured brigade of the British Army that was active in northwestern Europe in World War II from June 1944 until May 1945 and from 1980 to 1992.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East (The Black Rats), previously known as 4th Mechanized Brigade (The Black Rats) is a brigade formation of the British Army, currently based in Catterick, North Yorkshire as part of 1st (United Kingdom) Division.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.
The 5th Panzer Army, also known as Panzer Group West and Panzer Group Eberbach (German: 5.Panzer-Armee, Panzergruppe West, Panzergruppe Eberbach) was a panzer army which saw action in the Western Front and North Africa.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 716th Static Infantry Division (German: 716. Infanterie-Division) was a World War II, German Army infantry division.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 8th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army formed in August 1941, during the Second World War and active until 1956.
The 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division.
The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (9. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen".) was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.