124 relations: Aisne (river), Allies of World War I, Aristide Briand, Arras, Arthur Currie, Artillery sound ranging, Bailleul-aux-Cornailles, Barbed wire, Barrage (artillery), Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Drocourt-Quéant Line, Battle of Hill 70, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Verdun, Battle of Vimy Ridge, BBC News, Blagny, Bloody April, Breakthrough (military), British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Bullecourt, Calibration, Canadian Corps, Carrière Wellington, Chemical weapons in World War I, David Lloyd George, Defence in depth, Douai, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, Edward Thomas (poet), Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Erich Ludendorff, Ernest John Moeran, Feuchy, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifth Army (United Kingdom), First Army (United Kingdom), Flash spotting, France, Frankfurter Zeitung, French Third Republic, Fritz von Loßberg, Gallipoli Campaign, George Henry Fowke, German Army (German Empire), German Empire, ..., H. H. Asquith, Hendecourt-lès-Cagnicourt, Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne, Hindenburg Line, Hubert Gough, Hubert Lyautey, Hugh Trenchard as commander of the Royal Flying Corps in France, Imperial German General Government of Belgium, Infiltration tactics, Jagdstaffel 11, Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Lagnicourt-Marcel, Lewis gun, Ludwig von Falkenhausen, Luftstreitkräfte, Maneuver warfare, Manfred von Richthofen, Medal bar, Minister of the Armed Forces (France), Monchy-le-Preux, Neuville-Saint-Vaast, Neuville-Vitasse, New Zealand Tunnelling Company, Nivelle Offensive, No man's land, No. 106 fuze, Oberste Heeresleitung, Office of Public Sector Information, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Operation Alberich, Otto von Moser, Pour le Mérite, Prime Minister of France, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Public Record Office, Riencourt-lès-Cagnicourt, Robert Nivelle, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Scots, Russia, Scarpe (river), Shrapnel shell, Siegfried Sassoon, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Somme (river), Stalemate, The Times, Third Army (United Kingdom), Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines, Trench warfare, Tunnel warfare, United States Congress, United States declaration of war on Germany (1917), Verdun, Victoria Cross, Vimy, Vossische Zeitung, Wancourt, West Yorkshire Regiment, Western Front (World War I), Wilhelm II, German Emperor, World War I, XIV Reserve Corps (German Empire), 12th (Eastern) Division, 1st Army (German Empire), 1st Division (Australia), 20th Battalion (Australia), 2nd Division (Australia), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 4th Division (Australia), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 62nd (2nd West Riding) Division, 6th Army (German Empire), 9th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment. Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
The Aisne is a river in northeastern France.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
Aristide Briand (28 March 18627 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and was a co-laureate of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
General Sir Arthur William Currie, (5 December 1875 – 30 November 1933) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army who fought during World War I. He had the unique distinction of starting his military career on the very bottom rung as a pre-war militia gunner before rising through the ranks to become the first Canadian commander of the Canadian Corps.
In land warfare, artillery sound ranging is a method of determining the coordinates of a hostile battery using data derived from the sound of its guns (or mortar or rockets) firing.
Bailleul-aux-Cornailles is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often as bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Drocourt-Quéant Line (Wotan Stellung) was a set of mutually supporting defensive lines constructed by Germany between the French towns of Drocourt and Quéant during World War I. This defensive system was part of the northernmost section of the Hindenburg Line, a vast German defensive system that ran through northeastern France.
The Battle of Hill 70 was a battle of World War I between the Canadian Corps and five divisions of the German 6th Army.
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Verdun (Bataille de Verdun,, Schlacht um Verdun), fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was the largest and longest battle of the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Blagny is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France.
Bloody April refers to April 1917, and is the name given to the (largely successful) British air support operations during the Battle of Arras, during which particularly heavy casualties were suffered by the Royal Flying Corps at the hands of the German Luftstreitkräfte.
A breakthrough occurs when an offensive force has broken an opponent's defensive line, and rapidly exploits the gap.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in France.
Calibration in measurement technology and metrology is the comparison of measurement values delivered by a device under test with those of a calibration standard of known accuracy.
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.
The Carrière Wellington is a museum in Arras, northern France.
The use of toxic chemicals as weapons dates back thousands of years, but the first large scale use of chemical weapons was during World War I. They were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally very slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.
Philip Edward Thomas (3 March 1878 – 9 April 1917) was a British poet, essayist, and novelist.
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) was a British Empire military formation, formed on 10 March 1916 under the command of General Archibald Murray from the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and the Force in Egypt (1914–15), at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
Ernest John Moeran (31 December 18941 December 1950) was an English composer who had strong associations with Ireland (his father was Irish, he spent much of his life there, and he died there).
Feuchy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Flash spotting was a military method of detecting the position of enemy guns at long range where the gun could not be observed directly, and was developed during World War I. The flashes could be observed at night as reflections from the sky.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Frankfurter Zeitung was a German language newspaper that appeared from 1856 to 1943.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Friedrich Karl "Fritz" von Loßberg (30 April 1868 – 4 May 1942) was a German colonel, and later general, of World War I. He was a strategic planner, especially of defence, who was Chief of Staff for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th armies.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Lieutenant General Sir George Henry Fowke (10 September 1864 – 8 February 1936) was a British Army general, who served on the staff of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Hendecourt-lès-Cagnicourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
General Henry Sinclair Horne, 1st Baron Horne, (19 February 1861 – 14 August 1929) was a military officer in the British Army, most notable for his generalship during the First World War.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963) was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.
Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey (17 November 1854 – 21 July 1934) was a French Army general and colonial administrator.
Hugh Trenchard was the commander of the Royal Flying Corps in France from 25 August 1915 until 2 January 1918.
The Imperial German General Government of Belgium (Kaiserliches Deutsches Generalgouvernement Belgien) was a German military government and one of three different occupation administrations established in German-occupied Belgium during the First World War.
In warfare, infiltration tactics involve small independent light infantry forces advancing into enemy rear areas, bypassing enemy front-line strongpoints, possibly isolating them for attack by follow-up troops with heavier weapons.
Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 11 ("No 11 Fighter Squadron"; commonly abbreviated to Jasta 11) was founded on 28 September 1916 from elements of 4 Armee's Kampfeinsitzerkommandos (or KEKs) 1, 2 and 3 and mobilized on 11 October as part of the German Air Service's expansion program, forming permanent specialised fighter squadrons, or "Jastas".
Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.
Lagnicourt-Marcel is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
Ludwig Freiherr von Falkenhausen (13 September 1844 – 4 May 1936) was a German Generaloberst most notable for his activities during World War I.
The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte (German Air Force)—known before October 1916 as the Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Imperial German Flying Corps) or simply Die Fliegertruppe—was the World War I (1914–18) air arm of the German Army, of which it remained an integral part.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
A medal bar or medal clasp is a thin metal bar attached to the ribbon of a military decoration, civil decoration, or other medal.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
Monchy-le-Preux is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Neuville-Saint-Vaast is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Neuville-Vitasse is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The New Zealand Tunnelling Company (also New Zealand Engineers Tunnelling Company) was a tunnel warfare unit of the Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers during World War I which specialised in sapping and mining.
The Nivelle Offensive of 1917, was a Franco-British offensive on the Western Front in the First World War.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The number 106 fuze was the first British instantaneous percussion artillery fuze, first tested in action in late 1916 and deployed in volume in early 1917.
The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command or OHL) was the highest echelon of command of the army (Heer) of the German Empire.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.
Operation Alberich (Unternehmen Alberich) was the code name of a German military operation in France during the First World War.
Otto von Moser (31 March 1860 – 11 October 1931) was a German army officer, originally from Stuttgart in Württemberg, who ended his army career as a lieutenant general.
The Pour le Mérite (French, literally "For Merit") is an order of merit (Verdienstorden) established in 1740 by King Frederick II of Prussia.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The Public Record Office (abbreviated as PRO, pronounced as three letters and referred to as the PRO), Chancery Lane in the City of London, was the guardian of the national archives of the United Kingdom from 1838 until 2003, when it was merged with the Historical Manuscripts Commission to form The National Archives, based at Kew.
Riencourt-lès-Cagnicourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Robert Georges Nivelle (15 October 1856 – 22 March 1924) was a French artillery officer who served in the Boxer Rebellion, and the First World War.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Scarpe is a river in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, (8 September 1886 – 1 September 1967) was an English poet, writer, and soldier.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Third Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that saw active service on the Western Front throughout the war.
Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked a special joint session of the United States Congress for a declaration of war against the German Empire.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Vimy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Vossische Zeitung (more precisely: "(Königlich Privilegierte) Berlinische Zeitung von Staats- und Gelehrten Sachen") was the well-known liberal German newspaper that was published in Berlin (1721–1934).
Wancourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) (14th Foot) was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The XIV Reserve Corps (XIV.) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.
The 12th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division raised by the British Army during World War I from men volunteering for Kitchener's New Armies.
The 1st Army (1.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VIII Army Inspection.
The 1st Division is the main formation of the Australian Army and contains the majority of the Army's regular forces.
The 20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2nd Division commands all the reserve brigades in Australia.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The Australian 4th Division was formed in the First World War during the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force infantry brigades in February 1916.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 62nd (2nd West Riding) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw active service on the Western Front during the First World War.
The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.
The 9th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment (9 RQR) is a Reserve light infantry battalion of the Australian Army, raised and based in the state of Queensland.
Arras 1917, Arras, 1917, Battle of Arleux, Battle of Bullecourt, Battle of Lagnicourt, Battle of the Scarpe (1917), Battles of Arras (1917), First Battle of Bullecourt, First Battle of the Scarpe, Scarpe 1917, Second Battle of Arras, Second Battle of Bullecourt, Second Battle of the Scarpe, Second battle of Arras, Third Battle of the Scarpe.